Natural gas

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Natural gas is a gas consisting primarily of methane, typically with 0–20% higher hydrocarbons. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Natural gas

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2016 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

International Symposium dealing with recent developments on ultrasound, including ultrasound imaging, transducers, non destructuve testing and physical acoustics.

  • 2015 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

    Annual meeting of the UFFC Society that is being held regularly. It is focusing on ultrasonics.

  • 2013 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

    the joint IUS, ISAF, IFC, and EFTF conference is aimed at bringing the ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, Frequency Control and Time Forum communities around the world together more closely and through discussions on recent research and development of fundamentals, materials, devices, and applications .

  • 2012 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium

    The conference will bring together the community of ultrasonics around the world in the center of Europe for discussion and cooperation and to stimulate the research and development in the widespread field of ultrasonic theories and applications

  • 2011 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

    The Symposium is aimed at bringing the ultrasonics communities around the world together more closely and through discussions on recent research and development of ultrasonics theories and applications.

  • 2010 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

    The conference will cover all high frequency Ultrasound application including medical.

  • 2009 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium

    Conference includes short courses on topics of current interest in ultrasonics. The next three days will include parallel oral and poster sessions covering 1) Medical Ultrasonics, 2) Sensors, NDE & Industrial Applications, 3) Physical Acoustics, 4) Microacoustics SAW, FBAR, MEMS, and 5) Transducers & Transducer Materials.

  • 2008 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium


2013 International Conference on Management Science and Engineering (ICMSE)

Management science and engineering, including operations research, organizational systems and behavior, economics and finance, and public administration.


2012 7th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA)

Industrial Informatics, Computational Intelligence, Control and Systems, Energy and Environment, Mechatronics, Power Electronics, Signal Processing, Network and Communication Technologies.


2012 9th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM 2012)

The focus os this conference is to bring high-level personalities, experts, researchers together to share information and to discuss the development of the energy sector in a market environment and the creation of the common European Energy Market.

  • 2011 European Energy Market (EEM)

    The International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM) is a premier forum to discuss the development of the energy sector in a market environment and the creation of the common European Energy Market.

  • 2010 7th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM 2010)

    The International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM) is a premier forum to discuss the development of the energy sector in a market environment and the creation of the common European Energy Market. It has achieved a considerable success during the past six editions covering the electricity and gas markets policies and experiences, climate change impacts on the sector and developments at the European level.


2012 IEEE/PES Transmission & Distribution Conference & Exposition: Latin America

Renewable Energies in a Developing Continent.

  • 2010 IEEE/PES Transmission & Distribution Conference & Exposition: Latin America

    The conference is the Latin American version of the IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exhibition . It covers the technical papers and discussions about the Power Transmission and Distribution issues.

  • 2008 IEEE/PES Transmission & Distribution Conference & Exposition: Latin America

    T&D C&E LA is a technical event and industrial exposition about the power system topics including presentations of recognized worldwide experts, and technical papers (oral and poster). In addition, the T&D Latin America presents up-to-date tutorial courses and an industrial exposition. The T&D Latin America has been held in Sao Paulo, Brazil (2002 and 2004) and in Caracas, Venezuela (2006), with a massive participation of professionals and a high technical level, consolidating its high reputation as the int


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Periodicals related to Natural gas

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Energy Conversion, IEEE Transaction on

Research, development, design, application, construction, installation, and operation of electric power generating facilities (along with their conventional, nuclear, or renewable sources) for the safe, reliable, and economic generation of electrical energy for general industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption, and electromechanical energy conversion for the use of electrical energy


Power and Energy Magazine, IEEE

This magazine is devoted to all aspects of the electric power field involving planning, design, construction, operation, maintenance, and control of power systems.


Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on

Requirements, planning, analysis, reliability, operation, and economics of electrical generating, transmission, and distribution systems for industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption.




Xplore Articles related to Natural gas

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Applications of GNSS in West Africa

Dagogo M. J. Fubara; Tahirus Abubakar Yakubu 2009 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2009

The applications of GNSS in West Africa are enhanced by the objectives of the African Geodetic Reference Frame (AFREF) which is to establish an unified reference frame through the use of Space Geodesy Techniques, GNSS in particular, to tie various national and regional reference networks of Africa. The use of GNSS in West Africa, currently involving mostly the Global Positioning ...


Research on the Chuandong natural gas field produced water reinjection process simulation

Xinfeng Li; Guodong Liu 2011 International Conference on Electric Technology and Civil Engineering (ICETCE), 2011

The reinjecting of produced water into stratum is becoming a major process to treat produced water. However, the studies of deep confined aquifer pollution concerning produced water reinjection are rare, since the hydrological and geological conditions of deep confined aquifer are complex. Also, the water quality of deep confined aquifer does not receive enough attention. However, the studies of deep ...


The New Design of Interior Distribution Substations with Natural Gas Engine and CHP System

M. Manbachi; M. S. Ghazizadeh; M. R. Haghifam 2010 Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference, 2010

One of the main issues in constructing and expanding the distributed generation (DG) plants is the space and the ground that needs to be used to install the DG power plant. In order to solve this intricate problem and for developing combined heat and power plants, this paper has proposed using the space of interior distribution substations. It has also ...


An integrated expert system/operations research approach for natural gas pipeline operations optimization

Chiki Leo Sun; V. Uraikul; C. W. Chan; P. Tontiwachwuthikul Engineering Solutions for the Next Millennium. 1999 IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (Cat. No.99TH8411), 1999

Most of the process control and monitoring problems cannot be solved by either operations research (OR) or expert systems (ES) techniques alone. We present an integrated approach in which expert systems and operations research techniques complement each other for optimizing natural gas pipeline operations. Typically, expert systems are used in problems where mathematical calculations cannot but the knowledge of an ...


Study of Intermediate Products from Micronized Coal Reburning which used Organic Acid Salt as Accelerant

Manyin Hu; Bo Yang; Zhong Liu; Yu Sun 2009 Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference, 2009

The software of chemkin 4.0 has been used to simulate the reburning process of micronized coal, which contains the organic acid salt used as the accelerant. Intermediate products, especially the hydrocarbon, the sulfur compound and the nitrogen-containing material, have been analyzed, thus we have more profound understanding of the reaction mechanism. To some extent, it also has significance guiding to ...


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Educational Resources on Natural gas

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eLearning

Applications of GNSS in West Africa

Dagogo M. J. Fubara; Tahirus Abubakar Yakubu 2009 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2009

The applications of GNSS in West Africa are enhanced by the objectives of the African Geodetic Reference Frame (AFREF) which is to establish an unified reference frame through the use of Space Geodesy Techniques, GNSS in particular, to tie various national and regional reference networks of Africa. The use of GNSS in West Africa, currently involving mostly the Global Positioning ...


Research on the Chuandong natural gas field produced water reinjection process simulation

Xinfeng Li; Guodong Liu 2011 International Conference on Electric Technology and Civil Engineering (ICETCE), 2011

The reinjecting of produced water into stratum is becoming a major process to treat produced water. However, the studies of deep confined aquifer pollution concerning produced water reinjection are rare, since the hydrological and geological conditions of deep confined aquifer are complex. Also, the water quality of deep confined aquifer does not receive enough attention. However, the studies of deep ...


The New Design of Interior Distribution Substations with Natural Gas Engine and CHP System

M. Manbachi; M. S. Ghazizadeh; M. R. Haghifam 2010 Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference, 2010

One of the main issues in constructing and expanding the distributed generation (DG) plants is the space and the ground that needs to be used to install the DG power plant. In order to solve this intricate problem and for developing combined heat and power plants, this paper has proposed using the space of interior distribution substations. It has also ...


An integrated expert system/operations research approach for natural gas pipeline operations optimization

Chiki Leo Sun; V. Uraikul; C. W. Chan; P. Tontiwachwuthikul Engineering Solutions for the Next Millennium. 1999 IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (Cat. No.99TH8411), 1999

Most of the process control and monitoring problems cannot be solved by either operations research (OR) or expert systems (ES) techniques alone. We present an integrated approach in which expert systems and operations research techniques complement each other for optimizing natural gas pipeline operations. Typically, expert systems are used in problems where mathematical calculations cannot but the knowledge of an ...


Study of Intermediate Products from Micronized Coal Reburning which used Organic Acid Salt as Accelerant

Manyin Hu; Bo Yang; Zhong Liu; Yu Sun 2009 Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference, 2009

The software of chemkin 4.0 has been used to simulate the reburning process of micronized coal, which contains the organic acid salt used as the accelerant. Intermediate products, especially the hydrocarbon, the sulfur compound and the nitrogen-containing material, have been analyzed, thus we have more profound understanding of the reaction mechanism. To some extent, it also has significance guiding to ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Producing Hydrogen from Water, Natural Gas, and Green Plants

    This chapter contains sections titled: Early Examples: Electrolysis in the Desert, Hydrogen Production: Count the Ways, The Holy Grail: Extracting Hydrogen from Water, Electrolyzers, Splitting Steam, Thermochemical Water Splitting, Producing Hydrogen from Fossil Fuels and by Other Means

  • Index

    In Energy at the Crossroads, Vaclav Smil considers the twenty-first century's crucial question: how to reconcile the modern world's unceasing demand for energy with the absolute necessity to preserve the integrity of the biosphere. With this book he offers a comprehensive, accessible guide to today's complex energy issues -- how to think clearly and logically about what is possible and what is desirable in our energy future.After a century of unprecedented production growth, technical innovation, and expanded consumption, the world faces a number of critical energy challenges arising from unequal resource distribution, changing demand patterns, and environmental limitations. The fundamental message of Energy at the Crossroads is that our dependence on fossil fuels must be reduced not because of any imminent resource shortages but because the widespread burning of oil, coal, and natural gas damages the biosphere and presents increasing economic and security problems as the world relies on more expensive supplies and Middle Eastern crude oil.Smil begins with an overview of the twentieth century's long-term trends and achievements in energy production. He then discusses energy prices, the real cost of energy, and "energy linkages" -- the effect energy issues have on the economy, on quality of life, on the environment, and in wartime. He discusses the pitfalls of forecasting, giving many examples of failed predictions and showing that unexpected events can disprove complex models. And he examines the pros and cons not only of fossil fuels but also of alternative fuels such as hydroenergy, biomass energy, wind power, and solar power. Finally, he considers the future, focusing on what really matters, what works, what is realistic, and which outcomes are most d esirable.

  • Generation

    Power plants produce electrical energy on a real???time basis. Power generation plants produce the electrical energy that is ultimately delivered to consumers through transmission lines, substations, and distribution lines. Generation plants or power plants consist of three???phase generator(s), the prime mover, and the energy source to serve as the generator's prime mover, control room, and substation. This chapter discusses the more common types of energy resources used to generate electricity that includes steam turbines, hydro turbines, combustion turbines and renewable energy. Fossil fuel power plants use steam turbines that burn coal, oil, natural gas, or just about any combustible material as the fuel resource. Wind generation has increased in popularity and technology has improved tremendously over the last decade. Solar energy comes in two general categories; solar reflective (mirrors) and solar photovoltaic (panels). Both forms of solar energy production are environmentally friendly as they produce no pollution and considered renewable energy resources.

  • Fossil Fuels and The Basic Combustion Process

    The process of combustion requires three items: a combustible fuel containing a certain amount of available energy that can be released during the combustion process, oxygen in sufficient quantity to ensure complete combustion and a heat source. This chapter discusses the combustible fuel and the oxidizing agent (air) as they pertain to the typical fossil fuel steam generator. The two most common types of fossil fuels utilized for electricity generation are natural gas and coal. The chapter shows the combustion equations for various types of elements contained in fossil fuels. It also shows the theoretical maximum amount of energy released for one pound mass of element combusted. Fossil fuels are formed by the decomposition of organics over millions of years. The main combustible material in fossil fuel that is used to obtain chemical energy is carbon, although other molecules such as hydrogen and sulfur may provide some amount of energy during the combustion process.

  • High???Power Drive Systems for Industrial Applications: Practical Examples

    The impacts of megawatt variable frequency drives (VFDs) for liquefied natural gas (LNG) plants are discussed in this chapter. Using electric VFDs to drive LNG plant compressors offers better performance, lower cost, and better work conditions than when using conventional gas turbine (GT) drives. This chapter presents few examples of actual high???power VFDs that can realize up to 100 MW systems using four sets of 25 MW NPC???based multilevel VSIs.The chapter starts with an overview of LNG plants, outlines conventional GT drives techno???economic and environmental implications and introduces various electric drive technologies used for LNG plants, highlighting their limitations, technological problems and their impact on future LNG plants.

  • Units and Abbreviations

    In Energy at the Crossroads, Vaclav Smil considers the twenty-first century's crucial question: how to reconcile the modern world's unceasing demand for energy with the absolute necessity to preserve the integrity of the biosphere. With this book he offers a comprehensive, accessible guide to today's complex energy issues -- how to think clearly and logically about what is possible and what is desirable in our energy future.After a century of unprecedented production growth, technical innovation, and expanded consumption, the world faces a number of critical energy challenges arising from unequal resource distribution, changing demand patterns, and environmental limitations. The fundamental message of Energy at the Crossroads is that our dependence on fossil fuels must be reduced not because of any imminent resource shortages but because the widespread burning of oil, coal, and natural gas damages the biosphere and presents increasing economic and security problems as the world relies on more expensive supplies and Middle Eastern crude oil.Smil begins with an overview of the twentieth century's long-term trends and achievements in energy production. He then discusses energy prices, the real cost of energy, and "energy linkages" -- the effect energy issues have on the economy, on quality of life, on the environment, and in wartime. He discusses the pitfalls of forecasting, giving many examples of failed predictions and showing that unexpected events can disprove complex models. And he examines the pros and cons not only of fossil fuels but also of alternative fuels such as hydroenergy, biomass energy, wind power, and solar power. Finally, he considers the future, focusing on what really matters, what works, what is realistic, and which outcomes are most d esirable.

  • References

    In Energy at the Crossroads, Vaclav Smil considers the twenty-first century's crucial question: how to reconcile the modern world's unceasing demand for energy with the absolute necessity to preserve the integrity of the biosphere. With this book he offers a comprehensive, accessible guide to today's complex energy issues -- how to think clearly and logically about what is possible and what is desirable in our energy future.After a century of unprecedented production growth, technical innovation, and expanded consumption, the world faces a number of critical energy challenges arising from unequal resource distribution, changing demand patterns, and environmental limitations. The fundamental message of Energy at the Crossroads is that our dependence on fossil fuels must be reduced not because of any imminent resource shortages but because the widespread burning of oil, coal, and natural gas damages the biosphere and presents increasing economic and security problems as the world relies on more expensive supplies and Middle Eastern crude oil.Smil begins with an overview of the twentieth century's long-term trends and achievements in energy production. He then discusses energy prices, the real cost of energy, and "energy linkages" -- the effect energy issues have on the economy, on quality of life, on the environment, and in wartime. He discusses the pitfalls of forecasting, giving many examples of failed predictions and showing that unexpected events can disprove complex models. And he examines the pros and cons not only of fossil fuels but also of alternative fuels such as hydroenergy, biomass energy, wind power, and solar power. Finally, he considers the future, focusing on what really matters, what works, what is realistic, and which outcomes are most d esirable.

  • Operation of Smart Grid

    This chapter introduces some basic concepts and technologies of the smart grid, as well as applications of smart grid operation. Advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) technology uses remote two-way wireless communication to retrieve customer energy usage information at frequent intervals from customers' electric smart meters and/or natural gas meters via a radio frequency (RF) fixed network. A smart grid is typically reliable, secure, efficient, economic, environment friendly, and safe to the extreme extent as feasible. Demand response (DR) encompasses many customer-level actions that can help to smooth the electric power load shape and reduce energy consumption. A virtual power plant (VPP) can be understood as a coalition composed of multiple energy producers (such as renewable sources) and, possibly, energy storage providers (such as electric vehicles (EVs) or Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G)) that come together to sell electricity as an aggregate. The chapter discusses a new phase angle measurement algorithm.

  • No title

    U.S. supplies of nonrenewable energy resources (e.g. coal, oil, and natural gas) are quickly decreasing, and a resulting climate change due to carbon emissions is affecting the world's natural conditions. Shifting our dependence to renewable energy systems, reinventing our lifestyles and technologies to be more efficient, and improving and strengthening our energy infrastructure are all essential steps to avoid a globally-scaled energy crisis. In this e-book, author Tuner Cotterman provides a review of the gains afforded by the various storage technologies currently available, and recommends a strategy for effective growth in terms of energy infrastructure development and implementation of storage systems through public and private partnerships. Federal and state governments can play a pivotal role in applying legislative frameworks, streamlining regulatory requirements, and incentivizing continued investment. Private industry must invest in storage technologies and the grid infrastructure to remain competitive in a global marketplace. Additionally, through increased public awareness, American consumers will see benefits in terms of energy security, energy conservation, and clean energy developments.

  • Natural Gas and the Ability to Price

    Americans take for granted that when we flip a switch the light will go on, when we turn up the thermostat the room will get warm, and when we pull up to the pump gas will be plentiful and relatively cheap. In The End of Energy, Michael Graetz shows us that we have been living an energy delusion for forty years. Until the 1970s, we produced domestically all the oil we needed to run our power plants, heat our homes, and fuel our cars. Since then, we have had to import most of the oil we use, much of it from the Middle East. And we rely on an even dirtier fuel--coal--to produce half of our electricity. Graetz describes more than forty years of energy policy incompetence--from the Nixon administration's fumbled response to the OPEC oil embargo through the failure to develop alternative energy sources to the current political standoff over "cap and trade"--and argues that we must make better decisions for our energy future. Rather than pushing policies that, over time, would produce the changes we need, presidents have swung for the fences, wasting billions seeking a technological "silver bullet" to solve all our problems. Congress has continually elevated narrow parochial interests over our national goals, directing huge subsidies and tax breaks to favored constituents and contributors. And, despite thousands of pages of energy legislation since the 1970s, Americans have never been asked to pay a price that reflects the real cost of the energy they consume. Until Americans face the facts about price, our energy incompetence will continue--and along with it the unraveling of our environment, security, and independence.



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