Lead

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Lead is a main-group element with the symbol Pb and atomic number 82. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Lead

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2016 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

International Symposium dealing with recent developments on ultrasound, including ultrasound imaging, transducers, non destructuve testing and physical acoustics.

  • 2015 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

    Annual meeting of the UFFC Society that is being held regularly. It is focusing on ultrasonics.

  • 2013 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

    the joint IUS, ISAF, IFC, and EFTF conference is aimed at bringing the ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, Frequency Control and Time Forum communities around the world together more closely and through discussions on recent research and development of fundamentals, materials, devices, and applications .

  • 2012 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium

    The conference will bring together the community of ultrasonics around the world in the center of Europe for discussion and cooperation and to stimulate the research and development in the widespread field of ultrasonic theories and applications

  • 2011 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

    The Symposium is aimed at bringing the ultrasonics communities around the world together more closely and through discussions on recent research and development of ultrasonics theories and applications.

  • 2010 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

    The conference will cover all high frequency Ultrasound application including medical.

  • 2009 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium

    Conference includes short courses on topics of current interest in ultrasonics. The next three days will include parallel oral and poster sessions covering 1) Medical Ultrasonics, 2) Sensors, NDE & Industrial Applications, 3) Physical Acoustics, 4) Microacoustics SAW, FBAR, MEMS, and 5) Transducers & Transducer Materials.


2014 IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series

The Topical Meetings of the Photonics Society are the premier conference series for exciting new areas in photonic science, technology, and applications, creating the opportunity to learn about emerging fields and to interact with the research and technology leaders in an intimate environment.

  • 2012 IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series

    The Topical Meeting Series of the Photonics Society is the premier conference for emerging fields in photonic science, device technologies, and applications. The conferences are held in summer and winter to create the opportunity to learn about exciting new topics and to interact with the research and technology leaders in an intimate environment. A unique aspect of this conference series is that the Photonic Society membership suggest and organize these meetings.

  • 2011 IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series

    The Photonics Society Winter and Summer Topicals Series have established themselves not only as a prime conference for discussing research and industry hot topics and networking with the technology leaders, but are also at the forefront when it comes to novel and exciting conference topics.


2013 14th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology (ICEPT)

ICEPT 2013 is a four-day event, featuring technical sessions, invited talks, professional development courses/forums, exhibition, and social networking activities. It aims to cover the latest technological developments in electronic packaging, manufacturing and packaging equipment, and provide opportunities to explore the trends of research and development, as well as business in China.


2013 22nd Wireless and Optical Communication Conference (WOCC 2013)

The Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC) is held once a year to exchange information among, professionals from Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong-Kong, the United States and other counties and regions on the progress of technologies in the wireless and optical communications arena.The conference dated back to 1992, was initiated by Chinese professionals in the optical and wirelesscommunication fields in the United States with the support of major Chinese-American professional organizations. Through two decades, WOCC has expanded to be an International conference with its main objective to strengthen the technical and business relationships between the Asian, North American and other regions in the world. It also provides a unique forum to bring together experts and industry leaders to exchange advancement in wireless and optical communications technologies, business experiences, and jointly explore new opportunities.

  • 2012 21st Annual Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC 2012)

    The theme for WOCC 2012 is the Converging Communications for Internet of Things, built upon the success of new generations of communication services and the proliferation of the internet in our society.

  • 2011 20th Annual Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC 2011)

    The 20th Annual Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC) will bring together technical experts and business leaders from the North America and Pacific Rim to discuss multimedia, optical, networking, and wireless communications technologies and business opportunities. The theme of WOCC 2011 is Converging Communications for Internet of Things.

  • 2010 19th Annual Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC 2010)

    The 19th Annual Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC) will bring together technical experts and business leaders from the North America and Pacific Rim to discuss multimedia, optical, networking, and wireless communications technologies and business opportunities. The theme of WOCC 2010 is Converging Broadband Communications over public mobile wireless networks, public fixed broadband wireline networks, and private customer premises networks.

  • 2009 18th Annual Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC)

    The 18th Annual Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC) will bring together technical experts and business leaders from the North America and Pacific Rim to discuss multimedia, optical, networking, and wireless communications technologies and business opportunities. The theme of WOCC 2009 is Converging Broadband Communications over public mobile wireless networks, public fixed broadband wireline networks, and private customer premises networks.


2013 8th International Conference on Standardization and Innovation in Information Technology (SIIT)

Standardisation research is a multi-disciplinary field. Moreover, it is of considerable interest also to industry, policy makers, users and consumer communities and standards setting organisations. The SIIT conferences aim at bringing together representatives of these communities to foster the exchange of insights on all issues surrounding ICT standards and standardisation.

  • 2011 7th International Conference on Standardization and Innovation in Information Technology (SIIT)

    Standardisation research is a multi-disciplinary field. While standards and standardisation research is an emerging research area, it is of considerable interest to a large non-academic constituency. Accordingly, the SIIT conferences aim at bringing together representatives of these communities to exchange insights on all issues surrounding ICT standards and standardisation.

  • 2007 5th International Conference on Standardization & Innovation in Information Technology (SIIT 2007)

    SIIT conferences bring together standards and standardization experts from different fields - academics, policy makers, standard developers, business leaders, and user groups of various kinds - to engage in a multi-disciplinary exchange of insights and views on standards and standardization.


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Periodicals related to Lead

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission



Most published Xplore authors for Lead

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Xplore Articles related to Lead

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An overview of Pilot Plant designs based on the advanced tokamak, spherical tokamak and stellarator

T. Brown; L. Bromberg; A. E. Costley; R. J. Goldston; L. El-Guebaly; C. Kessel; G. H. Neilson; S. Malang; J. E. Menard; S. Prager; S. Scott; L. Waganer; M. Zarnstorff 2011 IEEE/NPSS 24th Symposium on Fusion Engineering, 2011

A fusion pilot plant study was initiated to evaluate the potential benefits of following the fission development path as an approach for the commercialization of fusion. In such an approach, a fusion pilot plant would bridge the development needs in moving from ITER to a first of a kind fusion power plant. The pilot plant mission would encompass the component ...


The impact of three forecasting methods on the value of vendor managed inventory

Zainab Belalia; Fouzia Ghaiti 2016 3rd International Conference on Logistics Operations Management (GOL), 2016

In a traditional supply chain, where only orders and products transact between partners, demand forecasts are important for a retailer to estimate future sales. But in a Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) partnership, where the responsibility for replenishment management is transferred to the manufacturer, demand forecasts become essential for this manufacturer to produce the right quantity of products to be sold ...


Life and capacity improvements in lead acid batteries through metal control additives

T. J. Clough; J. A. Wertz Sixteenth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances. Proceedings of the Conference (Cat. No.01TH8533), 2001

Metal impurities can be particularly detrimental in valve regulated lead acid batteries (VRLA) operating on the oxygen recombination principal. A number of metal impurities can exert a deleterious effect on the performance of VRLA batteries by affecting one of more of the performance requirements of the VRLA batteries such as by increasing oxygen evolution at the positive electrode, increasing hydrogen ...


Nanoscale Si/SiO<inf>2</inf> double-barrier structures produced by plasma-chemical technology

Andrey A. Gismatulin; Genadii N. Kamaev; Alexander Kh. Antonenko; Sofia A. Arzhannikova; Mikhail D. Efremov; Anna S. Gileva 2010 11th International Conference and Seminar on Micro/Nanotechnologies and Electron Devices, 2010

SiSiO2 double-barrier structures with ultrathin nanoscale layers were developed by using α-Si:H thin film depositions and subsequently plasma enhanced oxidation. The experimental equipment with source of wide aperture and high-density inductively coupled RF plasma (ICP) was used. The electrical properties of the manufactured MOS-structures were investigated through measurement of C-V and I-V characteristics. In the experiments we observed the charge ...


IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation Design and Installation of Large Lead Storage Batteries for Generating Stations and Substations

IEEE/ANSI Std 484-1987, 1987

Large stationary lead storage batteries play an ever-increasing role in substation and generatingstation control and power systems and in providing the back-up energy for emergencies. This recommended practice fulfills the need within the industry to provide common or standard practicesfor the design of battery installations and the battery installation procedures. The methods described are applicable to all installations and battery ...


More Xplore Articles

Educational Resources on Lead

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eLearning

An overview of Pilot Plant designs based on the advanced tokamak, spherical tokamak and stellarator

T. Brown; L. Bromberg; A. E. Costley; R. J. Goldston; L. El-Guebaly; C. Kessel; G. H. Neilson; S. Malang; J. E. Menard; S. Prager; S. Scott; L. Waganer; M. Zarnstorff 2011 IEEE/NPSS 24th Symposium on Fusion Engineering, 2011

A fusion pilot plant study was initiated to evaluate the potential benefits of following the fission development path as an approach for the commercialization of fusion. In such an approach, a fusion pilot plant would bridge the development needs in moving from ITER to a first of a kind fusion power plant. The pilot plant mission would encompass the component ...


The impact of three forecasting methods on the value of vendor managed inventory

Zainab Belalia; Fouzia Ghaiti 2016 3rd International Conference on Logistics Operations Management (GOL), 2016

In a traditional supply chain, where only orders and products transact between partners, demand forecasts are important for a retailer to estimate future sales. But in a Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) partnership, where the responsibility for replenishment management is transferred to the manufacturer, demand forecasts become essential for this manufacturer to produce the right quantity of products to be sold ...


Life and capacity improvements in lead acid batteries through metal control additives

T. J. Clough; J. A. Wertz Sixteenth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances. Proceedings of the Conference (Cat. No.01TH8533), 2001

Metal impurities can be particularly detrimental in valve regulated lead acid batteries (VRLA) operating on the oxygen recombination principal. A number of metal impurities can exert a deleterious effect on the performance of VRLA batteries by affecting one of more of the performance requirements of the VRLA batteries such as by increasing oxygen evolution at the positive electrode, increasing hydrogen ...


Nanoscale Si/SiO<inf>2</inf> double-barrier structures produced by plasma-chemical technology

Andrey A. Gismatulin; Genadii N. Kamaev; Alexander Kh. Antonenko; Sofia A. Arzhannikova; Mikhail D. Efremov; Anna S. Gileva 2010 11th International Conference and Seminar on Micro/Nanotechnologies and Electron Devices, 2010

SiSiO2 double-barrier structures with ultrathin nanoscale layers were developed by using α-Si:H thin film depositions and subsequently plasma enhanced oxidation. The experimental equipment with source of wide aperture and high-density inductively coupled RF plasma (ICP) was used. The electrical properties of the manufactured MOS-structures were investigated through measurement of C-V and I-V characteristics. In the experiments we observed the charge ...


IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation Design and Installation of Large Lead Storage Batteries for Generating Stations and Substations

IEEE/ANSI Std 484-1987, 1987

Large stationary lead storage batteries play an ever-increasing role in substation and generatingstation control and power systems and in providing the back-up energy for emergencies. This recommended practice fulfills the need within the industry to provide common or standard practicesfor the design of battery installations and the battery installation procedures. The methods described are applicable to all installations and battery ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Parallel Phase-Shifting Digital Holography

    Parallel phase-shifting digital holography is a technique capable of not only instantaneously measuring the three-dimensional (3D) field but also motion picture measurement of time evolution in the 3D field. The recording and reconstruction flow of this technique are described. The technique has been experimentally demonstrated by a parallel phase-shifting digital holography system using a normal-speed camera, which lead to a high-speed camera being constructed and used so that 3D motion and phase motion picture capture were demonstrated at the rate of up to 262 500 frames per second (fps). As an ultrafast phase imaging technique, a parallel phase-shifting digital holography system using a femtosecond pulsed laser has been experimentally demonstrated. A portable parallel phase-shifting digital holography system will also be introduced here. Finally some function-extended parallel phase- shifting digital holography will be mentioned for the purpose of motion picture-measurement of 3D and color, 3D and spectral characteristics, 3D and polarization characteristics, and 3D motion picture microscopy.

  • About the Authors

    This chapter contains sections titled: Lead Editor, Contributing Editors, Chapter Authors

  • Arc Flash Hazard Calculations in DC Systems

    This chapter contains sections titled: Calculations of the Short-Circuit Currents in DC Systems Sources of DC Short-Circuit Currents IEC Calculation Procedures Short Circuit of a Lead Acid Battery Short Circuit of DC Motors and Generators Short-Circuit Current of a Rectifier Short Circuit of a Charged Capacitor Total Short-Circuit Current DC Circuit Breakers and Fuses Arcing in DC Systems Equations for Calculation of Incident Energy in DC Systems Protection of the Semiconductor Devices Review Questions References

  • BoardLevel Solder Joint Reliability of HighPerformance Computers Under Mechanical Loading

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Establishing PWB Strain Limits for Manufacturing SMT Component Fracture Strength Characterization PWB Fracture Strength Characterization PWB Strain Characterization Solder Joint Fracture Prediction - Modeling Fracture Strength Optimization Conclusions Acknowledgments Note References

  • Alloy Selection

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Lead-Free Alloys Considered by iNEMI in 1999 as Replacements for Tin-Lead Eutectic Solder Fundamental Properties of Lead-Free Solder Alloys Affecting Manufacturing and Reliability R&D Issues Remaining in Lead-Free Solder Implementation Summary References

  • Animal Simulations with *Logo: Massive Parallelism for the Masses

    Experimentation with animal simulations is limited, in large part, by the difficulty of converting ethological ideas into computer programs. *Logo is a new progranuning language that aims to make it easier for non-expert programmers (researchers as well as students) to develop and modify their own simulations. *Logo is designed specially for simulating colony-level behaviors-that is, group behaviors that emerge from interactions among hundreds or thousands of individual creatures. Unlike most simulation languages, *Logo gives the creatures' environment an equal computational status to the creatures themselves. Users write rules for creatures and for "patches" of the environment, then observe the higher-level behaviors that result. A sample *Logo program shows how local, parallel actions among ants can lead to spatialextended and temporally-sequential patterns in the colony- level behavior.

  • Introduction and Tutorial

    With the advent of integrated circuits (IC), digital systems have become widely used in modern electronic devices, including communications and measurement equipment. Direct Digital Frequency Synthesizers (DDS) are used in communications as transmitter exciters and local oscillators in receivers. The advantages are superior frequency stability, the same as that of the driving clock oscillator, and short switching times. The difficulties are lower output frequencies and rather large spurious signals. Compiled for practicing engineers who do not have the prerequisite of a specialist's knowledge in Direct Digital Frequency Synthesizers (DDS), this collection of 40 important reprinted papers and 9 never-before published contributions presents a comprehensive introduction to DDS properties and a clear understanding of actual devices. The information in this volume can lead to easier computer simulations and improved designs. Featured topics include: Discussion of principles and state of the art of wide-range DDS Investigation of spurious signals in DDS Combination of DDS with Phase Lock Loops (PLL) Examination of phase and background 'noise' in DDS Introduction to Digital to Analog Conversion (DAC) Analysis of mathematics of quasiperiodic omission of pulses DDFS can also serve as a textbook for students seeking essential background theory.

  • Loop Response

    This chapter contains sections titled: Loop Order and Type Closed-Loop Equations Open-Loop Equations - Lag-Lead Filter Loop with a Lag Filter Loop with an Integrator-and-Lead Filter Summary of Equations Unity-Gain Bandwidth in Highly Damped Loops

  • LeadFree Reliability in Aerospace/Military Environments

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Aerospace/Military Consortia Lead-Free Control Plans for Aerospace/Military Electronics Aerospace/Military Lead-Free Reliability Concerns Summary and Conclusions References

  • Social Ontology of Digital Games

    This chapter is a theoretical foundation of the ontology of digital games. The methodology follows the philosophical discipline named social ontology combined with the neurological findings about fiction. The second half of the chapter analyzes some features of digital games: interaction, rules, and simulation. It presents the latest scientific results about the psychological ontogeny of games, the socio-ontological theories of games, and some of their applications to game analysis. During the development, designers and programmers constantly use naive interpretations about what games are. The chapter can lead designers and programmers to develop games not with subjective points of view but rather with an objective knowledge of the fundamental game properties.



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