Lead

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Lead is a main-group element with the symbol Pb and atomic number 82. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Lead

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2019 21st European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE '19 ECCE Europe)

Energy conversion and conditioning technologies, power electronics, adjustable speed drives and their applications, power electronics for smarter grid, energy efficiency,technologies for sustainable energy systems, converters and power supplies


2019 IEEE 46th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and related science and technology


2019 IEEE 69th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

premier components, packaging and technology conference


2019 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC)

APEC focuses on the practical and applied aspects of the power electronics business. The conference addresses issues of immediate and long term importance to practicing power electronics engineer.


2019 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

IEEE-ECCE 2019 brings together practicing engineers, researchers, entrepreneurs and other professionals for interactive and multi-disciplinary discussions on the latest advances in energy conversion technologies. The Conference provides a unique platform for promoting your organization.

  • 2018 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The scope of ECCE 2018 includes all technical aspects of research, design, manufacture, application and marketing of devices, components, circuits and systems related to energyconversion, industrial power and power electronics.

  • 2017 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    ECCE is the premier global conference covering topics in energy conversion from electric machines, power electronics, drives, devices and applications both existing and emergent

  • 2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE) is focused on research and industrial advancements related to our sustainable energy future. ECCE began as a collaborative effort between two societies within the IEEE: The Power Electronics Society (PELS) and the Industrial Power Conversion Systems Department (IPCSD) of the Industry Application Society (IAS) and has grown to the premier conference to discuss next generation technologies.

  • 2015 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition

    The scope of ECCE 2015 includes all technical aspects of research, design, manufacture, application and marketing of devices, components, circuits and systems related to energy conversion, industrial power and power electronics.

  • 2014 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    Those companies who have an interest in selling to: research engineers, application engineers, strategists, policy makers, and innovators, anyone with an interest in energy conversion systems and components.

  • 2013 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The scope of the congress interests include all technical aspects of the design, manufacture, application and marketing of devices, components, circuits and systems related to energy conversion, industrial power conversion and power electronics.

  • 2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE) will be held in Raleigh, the capital of North Carolina. This will provide a forum for the exchange of information among practicing professionals in the energy conversion business. This conference will bring together users and researchers and will provide technical insight as well.

  • 2011 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    IEEE 3rd Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition follows the inagural event held in San Jose, CA in 2009 and 2nd meeting held in Atlanta, GA in 2010 as the premier conference dedicated to all aspects of energy processing in industrial, commercial, transportation and aerospace applications. ECCE2011 has a strong empahasis on renewable energy sources and power conditioning, grid interactions, power quality, storage and reliability.

  • 2010 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    This conference covers all areas of electrical and electromechanical energy conversion. This includes power electrics, power semiconductors, electric machines and drives, components, subsystems, and applications of energy conversion systems.

  • 2009 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The scope of the conference include all technical aspects of the design, manufacture, application and marketing of devices, circuits, and systems related to electrical energy conversion technology


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Periodicals related to Lead

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on

Speech analysis, synthesis, coding speech recognition, speaker recognition, language modeling, speech production and perception, speech enhancement. In audio, transducers, room acoustics, active sound control, human audition, analysis/synthesis/coding of music, and consumer audio. (8) (IEEE Guide for Authors) The scope for the proposed transactions includes SPEECH PROCESSING - Transmission and storage of Speech signals; speech coding; speech enhancement and noise reduction; ...


Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on

The theory, design and application of Control Systems. It shall encompass components, and the integration of these components, as are necessary for the construction of such systems. The word `systems' as used herein shall be interpreted to include physical, biological, organizational and other entities and combinations thereof, which can be represented through a mathematical symbolism. The Field of Interest: shall ...


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Most published Xplore authors for Lead

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Xplore Articles related to Lead

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The road map towards 2020

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Energetix Group (Pnu Power), Capenhurst, Chester, UK', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/38070367800', u'full_name': u'Andrew Goodwin', u'id': 38070367800}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Energetix Group (Pnu Power), Capenhurst, Chester, UK', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37679671000', u'full_name': u'James Derby', u'id': 37679671000}] ISGT 2011, 2011

Engineers at PNU Power have harnessed the energy stored in compressed air to provide backup power in high voltage electricity substations. Reduced maintenance costs, elimination of hazardous lead acid batteries, and the need for outside installations were all driving factors for the UK and USA National Grid to look for an alternative to the traditional lead acid battery for backup ...


Lead acid based low voltage mild hybrid application in India — merits and challenges

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd, Chennai, India', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37086363549', u'full_name': u'L. Manjitha', u'id': 37086363549}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd, Chennai, India', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37086364729', u'full_name': u'R. Ganesh Kumar', u'id': 37086364729}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd, Chennai, India', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37086365074', u'full_name': u'S. Kannan', u'id': 37086365074}] 2017 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference (ITEC-India), 2017

In recent years, OEMs have increased focus on development of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (xEVs) in order to reduce vehicle emissions and dependency on conventional fuels. Energy storage systems are a critical consideration when formulating a strategy relevant to type of hybridization and vehicle. Though many battery technologies and different chemistries have matured, Lead- acid batteries still insist consideration because ...


Li-ion based optimally sized grid interfaced roof top PV system

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, India', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37085786650', u'full_name': u'J Saikrishna Goud', u'id': 37085786650}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, India', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37085537055', u'full_name': u'Srikanth Tunga', u'id': 37085537055}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, India', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37085779421', u'full_name': u'Qumera Sultana', u'id': 37085779421}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, India', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37085637733', u'full_name': u'S Bindu', u'id': 37085637733}] 2016 3rd International Conference on Electrical Energy Systems (ICEES), 2016

Increase in power demand and insufficient power generation has lead to frequent power cuts, which have become a major concern for house owners. Due to falling PV panel prices and concerns over greenhouse gas emissions, lead acid based PV systems are gaining popularity for home electrification during power cuts. Lead acid battery used for energy storage has high recurring cost ...


Design and Optimization of Solar, Wind, and Distributed Energy Resource (DER) Hybrid Power Plant for Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station in Rural Area

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical Engineering, Universitas Sebelas, Maret Surakarta, Indonesia', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/38259602400', u'full_name': u'Muhammad Nizam', u'id': 38259602400}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical Engineering, Universitas Sebelas, Maret Surakarta, Indonesia', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37086607166', u'full_name': u'F. X. Rian Wicaksono', u'id': 37086607166}] 2018 5th International Conference on Electric Vehicular Technology (ICEVT), 2018

Electric vehicles offer many advantages ranging from easy access and abundance of electrical energy sources. The objective of this paper is to obtain the best configuration of the hybrid power systems for charging station in a rural area such as Labuan bajo, Indonesia. Thus, the best configuration obtained is then installing with three types of energy storage namely Lead Acid ...


Battery Charger Lead-Acid using IC BQ2031

[{u'author_order': 1, u'full_name': u'David Ciarlini Chagas Freitas'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'Jermana Lopes de Moraes'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'Edson Cavalcanti Neto'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'full_name': u'Jose Renato Brito Sousa'}] IEEE Latin America Transactions, 2016

Not all chargers lead acid batteries available on the market use appropriate methods of battery power, resulting in a considerable reduction its useful life. Therefore, developing a battery charger Lead-Acid using appropriate methods of battery life is not a simple task. Thus, this study is based on the dedicated integrated circuit from Texas Instruments BQ2031, utilizing three different methods of ...


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Educational Resources on Lead

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eLearning

No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Lead"

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • REVIEW OF STRUCTURES AND CONTROL OF BATTERY‐SUPERCAPACITOR HYBRID ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES

    The cost and driving performance of electric vehicles (EVs) highly depend on the capability and efficiency of the energy storage system (ESS), which can preserve a large amount of energy, along with the capability of responding instantaneously to the load demand. This chapter reviews the state of the art of battery, supercapacitor, and battery‐supercapacitor hybrid energy storage system (HESS) for advanced EV applications. It discusses the optimal control methods for the HESS and presents the existing battery and supercapacitor technology for automotive applications, respectively. The chapter introduces the control strategy and algorithm for the HESS and summarizes the conclusions and future research directions. The representative characteristic of a passive HESS is the direct combination of the battery and the supercapacitor in parallel. Optimal use of the supercapacitor bank and the battery pack requires an efficient power flow controller between the two energy storage subsystems.

  • The Strategy of Hands‐On Learning

    Just as knowledge can be powerful when students put it into action, a great philosophy also becomes powerful when instructors have a strategy to execute it. Effective training can help instructors and their company be successful, but it starts at the executive level. Instructors need their leadership to help create an effective strategy of proficiency training. Good instructors know how to determine if their students can meet the objectives of the training course. They know if students will be able to meet the objectives in an eLearning environment or if meeting the objectives will require face‐to‐face instructtion. Whatever the decision, do not ever sacrifice the outcome to simply meet a predetermined delivery method. eLearning (online learning) and mLearning (mobile learning) are wonderful tools that companies should use wisely. Using them ineffectively only dilutes their power. Good training programs will start with the objective and let that determine the delivery method, not the other way around.

  • I'll Do What I Like: Career-Limiting Belief #7

    This chapter deals with some of the actions that manifest due to limiting belief #7 that includes avoiding important but undesirable tasks, appearing to procrastinate regarding important tasks one should do, and ignoring tasks that others believe. As one moves up the technology management ladder and advances in the technical organization, the work that is less fun and less interesting generally increases from the perspective of an engineer. If one wants to be successful as a technical manager or as an engineer in the long term, performing these less interesting, but necessary, tasks will be important. An easy way to focus on what needs to be done is to constantly drive for the major return on investment (ROI). Focus on those tasks that move the team, the project, and the organization toward the necessary and desired outcomes, toward the greatest ROI or the greatest return on invested effort.

  • Antenna Uniqueness Theorem

    This chapter analyses what conditions lead, for a given antenna excitation, to only one and the same (causal) radiated EM wave field. The standard procedure to solve the problem is based on the time domain Poynting's theorem. An elegant remedy of the situation has been suggested by de Hoop, whose proof relies on Lerch's uniqueness theorem for the one‐sided Laplace transformation with the real‐valued and positive parameter_s_. The chapter demonstrates that the transmitting antenna problem has the unique solution provided that the antenna constitutive parameters are positive definite tensors for all real and positive values of_s_. The chapter also analyses the N‐port antenna system that is excited by electric current pulses at its accessible ports. The decisive point in a proof of uniqueness is the demonstration that the corresponding homogeneous problem does not possess a nonidentically vanishing solution.

  • Digital Communications BER Performance in AWGN (FSK in Fading)

    This chapter discusses several topics in Simulink based on frequency‐shift keying (FSK) modulation in fading channels. Specifically these topics include: binary frequency shift keying (BFSK) bit error rate (BER) performance in Rayleigh fading; MFSK BER performance in Rayleigh fading; BFSK BER performance in Rician fading; and continuous‐phase frequency‐shift keying (CPFSK) BER performance in Rician fading with Multipath. Theoretical FSK BER performance in additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) is well known. However, when the channel exhibits fading, BER performance for specific modulations depends on the selected fading model and is severely degraded from performance in AWGN. Simulink models allow the BER performance in the presence of multipath to be readily estimated. This capability, provided by Simulink, is important since estimation of BER in the presence of multipath is not easily obtained analytically.

  • Preface

    This book is the result of a project that began in New York in March 2012. The four of us met at a bar next to the New York University campus, where Michaël and Harish were graduate students at the time, to discuss new ways to study environmental politics. Our starting point was that a lot had been written about environmental issues in wealthy countries but we knew less about the sustainability challenge in emerging and developing countries.

  • Board Reflow Processes and their Effect on Tin Whisker Growth

    This chapter reviews the potential affect that the board reflow process has on tin whisker growth. Investigations in this area have looked at grain orientations and grain size, solder paste volume, and solder peak temperature on tin whisker growth. The chapter discusses the results on tin whisker testing on soldered pure‐tin‐coated components after reflow. There has been work to understand the affect of reflow profile, reflow atmosphere, solder paste volume, and flux activity on tin whisker growth. For tin‐lead soldering, the lower soldering peak temperature reduced solder paste wetting up the component lead frame increasing the potential for tin whisker growth. Different flux activators were found to aid the oxidation of tin, which increased tin whisker growth after temperature and humidity testing. Increased contamination of the soldered components with chloride and sulfate also increased tin whisker growth after temperature and humidity testing.

  • Glossary

    An Internet address is associated with each end node on the Internet or (more precisely) with each interface or connection point that an end node has on the Internet. The addresses now most commonly used on the Internet are called IPv4 addresses (versions 1–3 were experimental). These addresses are 32 bits long, which allows the Internet to address a little over 4 billion end points. The Internet is running out of addresses as it gets bigger, and the next version of Internet addresses (called IPv6) will allow the Internet to grow almost without bound.

  • Development Methodology for BSN Systems

    This chapter describes a development methodology for body sensor network (BSN) systems, based on the Signal Processing In‐Node Environment (SPINE) framework, that follows a hybrid hardware–software codesign approach inspired to the platform‐based design (PBD). PBD has been originally introduced as a methodology for the design of traditional embedded systems and more recently for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). This methodology defines the design as a sequence of steps that lead from the initial high‐level system description down to the actual implementation. Since each application requires different sets of functions, the constraints identify different (embedded) platforms, where more advanced applications yield to harder architectural constraints. The SPINE‐based Design Methodology (SPINE‐based DM) is inspired by the well‐known PBD. The application‐level design of a SPINE‐based BSN application can be guided by pattern‐driven strategies. The chapter discloses the main parameters affecting BSN‐based applications. It illustrates the SPINE‐based Platform Design process schema.

  • The First Break

    This chapter traces the history of the messages sent out using the Tunny link. The first messages on the?>Tunny?> link (the name?>Tunny?> was first given to this traffic in the summer of 1942) to be studied cryptographically were sent out shortly after the German invasion of Russia. They passed between Vienna and Athens. The Hellschreiber method of transmission was used. Some earlier traffic, apparently practice transmissions, had been intercepted in May that year. This had been sent out in the form of a five-unit code, so it was suspected that a teleprinter was being used. This was confirmed by a preliminary examination of the later traffic, which showed that an alphabet of 32 characters was being employed. Each message began with a clear preamble in which there appeared first the serial number, repeated several times, and then a set of 12 letters, in the forms of names (Anton, Bertha etc.) which was clearly a 12-letter indicator.



Standards related to Lead

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No standards are currently tagged "Lead"