Lead

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Lead is a main-group element with the symbol Pb and atomic number 82. (Wikipedia.org)






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2018 15th IEEE Annual Consumer Communications & Networking Conference (CCNC)

IEEE CCNC 2018 will present the latest developments and technical solutions in the areas of home networking, consumer networking, enabling technologies (such as middleware) and novel applications and services. The conference will include a peer-reviewed program of technical sessions, special sessions, business application sessions, tutorials, and demonstration sessions


2018 20th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'18 ECCE Europe)

Energy conversion and conditioning technologies, power electronics, adjustable speed drives and their applications, power electronics for smarter grid, energy efficiency,technologies for sustainable energy systems, converters and power supplies


2018 23rd Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference (ASP-DAC)

ASP-DAC 2018 is the 23rd annual international conference on VLSI design automation in Asia and South Pacific regions, one of the most active regions of design and fabrication of silicon chips in the world. The conference aims at providing the Asian and South Pacific CAD/DA and Design community with opportunities of presenting recent advances and with forums for future directions in technologies related to Electronic Design Automation (EDA). The format of the meeting intends to cultivate and promote an instructive and productive interchange of ideas among EDA researchers/developers and system/circuit/device designers. All scientists, engineers, and students who are interested in theoretical and practical aspects of VLSI design and design automation are welcomed to ASP-DAC.


2018 IEEE 18th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

Nanotechnology

  • 2017 IEEE 17th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    IEEE Nano is one of the largest nanotechnology conferences in the world, directly sponsored by the IEEE Nanotechnology Council. IEEE NANO 2017 will provide an international forum for inspiration, interactions and exchange of ideas in a wide variety of branches of nanotechnology and nanoscience, through feature tutorials, workshops, and track sessions; plenary and invited talks from the world most renowned scientists and engineers; exhibition of software, hardware, equipment, materials, services and literature. It is a must for students, educators, researchers, scientists and engineers engaged in a wide range of nanotechnology fields and related applications, including electronic materials, photonics, biotechnology, medicine, alternative energy, environment and electronic devices.

  • 2016 IEEE 16th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    IEEE-NANO is the flagship IEEE Nanotechnology conference. The conference scope covers a wide range in nanoscience and technology. In particular, it covers nanofabrication, nanomanufacturing, nanomaerials, nanobiomedicine, nanoenergy, nanoplasmonics, nanoelectronics, nanosensors and nanoactuators, characterisation and modelling of nano structures and devices. Research in both experiments and simulation is reported. Industry is encouraged to present its research projects.

  • 2015 IEEE 15th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    The conference scope is to bring together researchers, industry workers, entrepreneurs and funding agency leaders, in the general area of nanotechnology. IEEE NANO 2015 will provide a forum for the exchange of ideas, interaction, networking and collaboration for research and development in nanotechnology with special attention to the latest advances in nanotechnology

  • 2014 IEEE 14th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    NANO is the flagship IEEE conference in Nanotechnology, which makes it a must for students, educators, researchers, scientists and engineers alike, working at the interface of nanotechnology and the many fields of electronic materials, photonics, bio-and medical devices, alternative energy, environmental protection, and multiple areas of current and future electrical and electronic applications. In each of these areas, NANO is the conference where practitioners will see nanotechnologies at work in both their own and related fields, from basic research and theory to industrial applications.

  • 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    Nanoelectronics, nanomanufacturing, nanomaterials, nanodevice, nanofibration, nanofluidics, nano-bio-medicine, NEMS applications, nanocircuits, nanorobotics, nanomanipulation, nanosensors and actuators, nanophotonics, nanomagnetics, micro-to-nano-scale bridging

  • 2012 IEEE 12th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    The conference scope covers a wide range in nanoscience and technology. In particular, it covers nanofabrication, nanomanufacturing, nanomaerials, nanobiomedicine, nanoenergy, nanoplasmonics, nanoelectronics, nanosensors and nanoactuators, characterisation and modelling of nano structures and devices. Research in both experiments and simulation is reported. Industry is encouraged to present its research projects.

  • 2011 10th Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    1. Nanomaterials and Nanostructures 2. Nanoelectronics and Nanodevices 3. Nanophotonics 4. Nano biotechnology and Nanomedicine 5. Nanorobotics and NEMS

  • 2011 IEEE 11th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    All areas of nanotechnology within the areas of IEEE interest, as covered by the member societies of the Nanotechnology Council.

  • 2010 IEEE 10th Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    - More Moore, More than Moore and Beyond-CMOS - Nano-optics, Nano-Photonics, Plasmonics, Nano-optoelectronics - Nanofabrication, Nanolithography, Nano Manipulation, Nanotools - Nanomaterials and Nanostructures - Nanocarbon, Nanodiamond, Graphene and CNT Based Technologies - Nano-sensors and Nano Membranes - Modeling and Simulation - System Integration (Nano/Micro/Macro), NEMS, and Actuators - Molecular Electronics, Inorganic Nanowires, Nanocrystals, Quantum Dots

  • 2009 9th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    THE CONFERENCE FOCUSES ON THE APPLICATION OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY. SPECIFICALLY, BOTH ENGINEERING ISSUE RELATED TO NANOFABBRICATION , NANOELECTRONICS, SENSOR SYSTEMS WILL BE COVERED IN ADDITION FOUNDAMENTAL ISSUES SUCH AS MODELLING, SYNTHESIS, CARACTARIZATION ETC.

  • 2008 8th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    This conference is the sequel to meetings held in Maui (2001), Washington (2002), San Francisco (2003), Munich (2004), Nagoya (2005), Cinncinati (2006), and Hong Kong (2007). The conference focus will be on engineering and business issues related to nanoelectronics, circuits, architectures, sensor systems, integration, reliability and manufacturing in addition to fundamental issues such as modeling, growth/synthesis, and characterization. The conference will feature plenary, invited, and contributed papers

  • 2007 7th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

  • 2006 6th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

  • 2005 5th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

  • 2004 4th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

  • 2003 3rd IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

  • 2002 2nd IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

  • 2001 1st IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)


2018 IEEE 36th VLSI Test Symposium (VTS)

The IEEE VLSI Test Symposium (VTS) explores emerging trends and novel concepts in testing, debug and repair of microelectronic circuits and systems.


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Periodicals related to Lead

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on

Speech analysis, synthesis, coding speech recognition, speaker recognition, language modeling, speech production and perception, speech enhancement. In audio, transducers, room acoustics, active sound control, human audition, analysis/synthesis/coding of music, and consumer audio. (8) (IEEE Guide for Authors) The scope for the proposed transactions includes SPEECH PROCESSING - Transmission and storage of Speech signals; speech coding; speech enhancement and noise reduction; ...


Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on

The theory, design and application of Control Systems. It shall encompass components, and the integration of these components, as are necessary for the construction of such systems. The word `systems' as used herein shall be interpreted to include physical, biological, organizational and other entities and combinations thereof, which can be represented through a mathematical symbolism. The Field of Interest: shall ...


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Most published Xplore authors for Lead

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Xplore Articles related to Lead

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The road map towards 2020

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Energetix Group (Pnu Power), Capenhurst, Chester, UK', u'full_name': u'Andrew Goodwin'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Energetix Group (Pnu Power), Capenhurst, Chester, UK', u'full_name': u'James Derby'}] ISGT 2011, 2011

Engineers at PNU Power have harnessed the energy stored in compressed air to provide backup power in high voltage electricity substations. Reduced maintenance costs, elimination of hazardous lead acid batteries, and the need for outside installations were all driving factors for the UK and USA National Grid to look for an alternative to the traditional lead acid battery for backup ...


Lead acid based low voltage mild hybrid application in India — merits and challenges

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd, Chennai, India', u'full_name': u'L. Manjitha'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd, Chennai, India', u'full_name': u'R. Ganesh Kumar'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd, Chennai, India', u'full_name': u'S. Kannan'}] 2017 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference (ITEC-India), 2017

In recent years, OEMs have increased focus on development of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (xEVs) in order to reduce vehicle emissions and dependency on conventional fuels. Energy storage systems are a critical consideration when formulating a strategy relevant to type of hybridization and vehicle. Though many battery technologies and different chemistries have matured, Lead- acid batteries still insist consideration because ...


Practical Current Distribution Measurement Systems for Lead Cells

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 4DE, U.K (e-mail: elp13hth@shef.ac.uk).', u'full_name': u'Harry. T. Harrison'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 4DE, U.K.', u'full_name': u'David. A. Stone'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 4DE, U.K.', u'full_name': u'James. E. Green'}] IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, None

In this paper, the current distribution of an experimental lead cell is estimated using two methods and the results are compared. Noninvasive measurements are obtained using our magnetic tomography system, consisting of an array of magnetic sensors and a solver algorithm that is specially adapted for application to lead cells. Verification of this magnetic tomography system is achieved by comparing ...


Li-ion based optimally sized grid interfaced roof top PV system

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, India', u'full_name': u'J Saikrishna Goud'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, India', u'full_name': u'Srikanth Tunga'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, India', u'full_name': u'Qumera Sultana'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, India', u'full_name': u'S Bindu'}] 2016 3rd International Conference on Electrical Energy Systems (ICEES), 2016

Increase in power demand and insufficient power generation has lead to frequent power cuts, which have become a major concern for house owners. Due to falling PV panel prices and concerns over greenhouse gas emissions, lead acid based PV systems are gaining popularity for home electrification during power cuts. Lead acid battery used for energy storage has high recurring cost ...


Battery Charger Lead-Acid using IC BQ2031

[{u'author_order': 1, u'full_name': u'David Ciarlini Chagas Freitas'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'Jermana Lopes de Moraes'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'Edson Cavalcanti Neto'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'full_name': u'Jose Renato Brito Sousa'}] IEEE Latin America Transactions, 2016

Not all chargers lead acid batteries available on the market use appropriate methods of battery power, resulting in a considerable reduction its useful life. Therefore, developing a battery charger Lead-Acid using appropriate methods of battery life is not a simple task. Thus, this study is based on the dedicated integrated circuit from Texas Instruments BQ2031, utilizing three different methods of ...


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Educational Resources on Lead

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eLearning

No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Lead"

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Preface

    This book is the result of a project that began in New York in March 2012. The four of us met at a bar next to the New York University campus, where Michaël and Harish were graduate students at the time, to discuss new ways to study environmental politics. Our starting point was that a lot had been written about environmental issues in wealthy countries but we knew less about the sustainability challenge in emerging and developing countries.

  • REVIEW OF STRUCTURES AND CONTROL OF BATTERY‐SUPERCAPACITOR HYBRID ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES

    The cost and driving performance of electric vehicles (EVs) highly depend on the capability and efficiency of the energy storage system (ESS), which can preserve a large amount of energy, along with the capability of responding instantaneously to the load demand. This chapter reviews the state of the art of battery, supercapacitor, and battery‐supercapacitor hybrid energy storage system (HESS) for advanced EV applications. It discusses the optimal control methods for the HESS and presents the existing battery and supercapacitor technology for automotive applications, respectively. The chapter introduces the control strategy and algorithm for the HESS and summarizes the conclusions and future research directions. The representative characteristic of a passive HESS is the direct combination of the battery and the supercapacitor in parallel. Optimal use of the supercapacitor bank and the battery pack requires an efficient power flow controller between the two energy storage subsystems.

  • Glossary

    An Internet address is associated with each end node on the Internet or (more precisely) with each interface or connection point that an end node has on the Internet. The addresses now most commonly used on the Internet are called IPv4 addresses (versions 1–3 were experimental). These addresses are 32 bits long, which allows the Internet to address a little over 4 billion end points. The Internet is running out of addresses as it gets bigger, and the next version of Internet addresses (called IPv6) will allow the Internet to grow almost without bound.

  • The Strategy of Hands‐On Learning

    Just as knowledge can be powerful when students put it into action, a great philosophy also becomes powerful when instructors have a strategy to execute it. Effective training can help instructors and their company be successful, but it starts at the executive level. Instructors need their leadership to help create an effective strategy of proficiency training. Good instructors know how to determine if their students can meet the objectives of the training course. They know if students will be able to meet the objectives in an eLearning environment or if meeting the objectives will require face‐to‐face instructtion. Whatever the decision, do not ever sacrifice the outcome to simply meet a predetermined delivery method. eLearning (online learning) and mLearning (mobile learning) are wonderful tools that companies should use wisely. Using them ineffectively only dilutes their power. Good training programs will start with the objective and let that determine the delivery method, not the other way around.

  • I'll Do What I Like: Career-Limiting Belief #7

    This chapter deals with some of the actions that manifest due to limiting belief #7 that includes avoiding important but undesirable tasks, appearing to procrastinate regarding important tasks one should do, and ignoring tasks that others believe. As one moves up the technology management ladder and advances in the technical organization, the work that is less fun and less interesting generally increases from the perspective of an engineer. If one wants to be successful as a technical manager or as an engineer in the long term, performing these less interesting, but necessary, tasks will be important. An easy way to focus on what needs to be done is to constantly drive for the major return on investment (ROI). Focus on those tasks that move the team, the project, and the organization toward the necessary and desired outcomes, toward the greatest ROI or the greatest return on invested effort.

  • Antenna Uniqueness Theorem

    This chapter analyses what conditions lead, for a given antenna excitation, to only one and the same (causal) radiated EM wave field. The standard procedure to solve the problem is based on the time domain Poynting's theorem. An elegant remedy of the situation has been suggested by de Hoop, whose proof relies on Lerch's uniqueness theorem for the one‐sided Laplace transformation with the real‐valued and positive parameter_s_. The chapter demonstrates that the transmitting antenna problem has the unique solution provided that the antenna constitutive parameters are positive definite tensors for all real and positive values of_s_. The chapter also analyses the N‐port antenna system that is excited by electric current pulses at its accessible ports. The decisive point in a proof of uniqueness is the demonstration that the corresponding homogeneous problem does not possess a nonidentically vanishing solution.

  • Digital Communications BER Performance in AWGN (FSK in Fading)

    This chapter discusses several topics in Simulink based on frequency‐shift keying (FSK) modulation in fading channels. Specifically these topics include: binary frequency shift keying (BFSK) bit error rate (BER) performance in Rayleigh fading; MFSK BER performance in Rayleigh fading; BFSK BER performance in Rician fading; and continuous‐phase frequency‐shift keying (CPFSK) BER performance in Rician fading with Multipath. Theoretical FSK BER performance in additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) is well known. However, when the channel exhibits fading, BER performance for specific modulations depends on the selected fading model and is severely degraded from performance in AWGN. Simulink models allow the BER performance in the presence of multipath to be readily estimated. This capability, provided by Simulink, is important since estimation of BER in the presence of multipath is not easily obtained analytically.

  • Board Reflow Processes and their Effect on Tin Whisker Growth

    This chapter reviews the potential affect that the board reflow process has on tin whisker growth. Investigations in this area have looked at grain orientations and grain size, solder paste volume, and solder peak temperature on tin whisker growth. The chapter discusses the results on tin whisker testing on soldered pure‐tin‐coated components after reflow. There has been work to understand the affect of reflow profile, reflow atmosphere, solder paste volume, and flux activity on tin whisker growth. For tin‐lead soldering, the lower soldering peak temperature reduced solder paste wetting up the component lead frame increasing the potential for tin whisker growth. Different flux activators were found to aid the oxidation of tin, which increased tin whisker growth after temperature and humidity testing. Increased contamination of the soldered components with chloride and sulfate also increased tin whisker growth after temperature and humidity testing.

  • Development Methodology for BSN Systems

    This chapter describes a development methodology for body sensor network (BSN) systems, based on the Signal Processing In‐Node Environment (SPINE) framework, that follows a hybrid hardware–software codesign approach inspired to the platform‐based design (PBD). PBD has been originally introduced as a methodology for the design of traditional embedded systems and more recently for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). This methodology defines the design as a sequence of steps that lead from the initial high‐level system description down to the actual implementation. Since each application requires different sets of functions, the constraints identify different (embedded) platforms, where more advanced applications yield to harder architectural constraints. The SPINE‐based Design Methodology (SPINE‐based DM) is inspired by the well‐known PBD. The application‐level design of a SPINE‐based BSN application can be guided by pattern‐driven strategies. The chapter discloses the main parameters affecting BSN‐based applications. It illustrates the SPINE‐based Platform Design process schema.

  • The First Break

    This chapter traces the history of the messages sent out using the Tunny link. The first messages on the?>Tunny?> link (the name?>Tunny?> was first given to this traffic in the summer of 1942) to be studied cryptographically were sent out shortly after the German invasion of Russia. They passed between Vienna and Athens. The Hellschreiber method of transmission was used. Some earlier traffic, apparently practice transmissions, had been intercepted in May that year. This had been sent out in the form of a five-unit code, so it was suspected that a teleprinter was being used. This was confirmed by a preliminary examination of the later traffic, which showed that an alphabet of 32 characters was being employed. Each message began with a clear preamble in which there appeared first the serial number, repeated several times, and then a set of 12 letters, in the forms of names (Anton, Bertha etc.) which was clearly a 12-letter indicator.



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