Ionization

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Ionization is the physical process of converting an atom or molecule into an ion by adding or removing charged particles such as electrons or other ions. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Ionization

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2018 13th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS® Association and EuMA and is the premierEuropean technical conference for RF microelectronics. Aim of the conference is to promote thediscussion of recent developments and trends, and to encourage the exchange of scientific andtechnical information covering a broad range of high-frequency related topics, from materialsand technologies to integrated circuits and applications, that will be addressed in all of theiraspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement. If you are interested in anything aboutmicrowave and RF IC's, the EuMIC conference is an exceptional venue to learn about the latestadvances in the field and meet recognized experts from both Industry and Academia.

  • 2017 12th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS® Association and EuMA and is the premier European technical conference for RF microelectronics. Aim of the conference is to promote the discussion of recent developments and trends, and to encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information covering a broad range of high-frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits and applications, that will be addressed in all of theiraspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement. If you are interested in anything about microwave and RF IC's, the EuMIC conference is an exceptional venue to learn about the latest advances in the field and meet recognized experts from both Industry and Academia.

  • 2016 11th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS® Association and EuMA and is the premier European technical conference for RF microelectronics. Aim of the conference is to promote the discussion of recent developments and trends, and to encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information covering a broad range of high-frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits and applications, that will be addressed in all of their aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement. If you are interested in anything about microwave and RF IC's, the EuMIC conference is an exceptional venue to learn about the latest advances in the field and meet recognized experts from both Industry and Academia.

  • 2015 10th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS® Association and EuMA and is the premier European technical conference for RF microelectronics. Aim of the conference is to promote the discussion of recent developments and trends, and to encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information covering a broad range of high-frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits and applications, that will be addressed in all of their aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement. If you are interested in anything about microwave and RF IC’s, the EuMIC conference is an exceptional venue to learn about the latest advances in the field and meet recognized experts from both Industry and Academia.

  • 2014 9th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS

  • 2013 European Microwave Integrated Circuit Conference (EuMIC)

    RF and microwave devices for telecommunication and sensor systems including UMTS/LTE, LMDS and other systems working in the microwave and millimetre -wave range. Covering recent development and trends in physical fundamentals, physical and behavoural modeling, microwave and opto-electric devices and monolithic design in GaAs, InP, SiGe, GaN and SiC technologies.

  • 2012 European Microwave Integrated Circuit Conference (EuMIC)

    Microwave integrated circuits: modelling, simulation and characterisation of devices and circuits; technologies and devices; circuit design and applications.

  • 2011 European Microwave Integrated Circuit Conference (EuMIC)

    RF and microwave devices for telecommunication and sensor systems including UMTS/LTE, LMDS and other systems working in the microwave and millimetre-wave range. Covering recent development and trends in physical fundamentals, physical and behavoural modeling, microwave and opto-electric devices and monolithic design in GaAs, InP, SiGe, GaN and SiC technologies.

  • 2010 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    EuMIC is the leading conference for MMICs/RFICs and their applications in Europe. The aim of the conference is to promote the discussion of recent developments and trends, and encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information on physical fundamentals, material technology, process development and technology, physics based and empirical behavioral modeling of microwave and optoelectronic active devices and design of monolithic ICs

  • 2009 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The 4th European Microwave Integrated Circut Conference, EuMIC, in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, is one of four conferences at the European Microwave Week 2008, the largest event in Europe dedicated to microwave electronics. EuMIC is the leading European conference for RFIC/MMIC technology and applications. The aim of the conference is to cover recent research and development on material technology, process development/technology.

  • 2008 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The third European Microwave Integrated Circut Conference, EuMIC, in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, is one of four conferences at the European Microwave Week 2008, the largest event in Europe dedicated to microwave electronics. EuMIC is the leading European conference for RFIC/MMIC technology and applications. The aim of the conference is to cover recent research and development on material technology, process development/technology.

  • 2007 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    RF and microwave devices for telecommunication and sensor systems including UMTS, LMDS and other systems working in the microwave and millimetre-wave range. Covering recent development and trends in physical fundamentals, physicas and behavoural modeling, microwave and opto-electric devices and monolithic design in GaAs, InP, SiGe, GaN and SiC technologies.

  • 2006 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC) (Formerly GAAS)

  • GAAS 2005 - European Gallium Arsenide and Other Semiconductors Application Symposium


2018 43rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz2018)

Covering terahertz, far infrared and millimeter wave science, technology and applications


2018 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC)

Topics cover a complete survey of the field of charged particle accelerator science and technology and infrastructure.


2018 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference (APMC)

The conference topics include microwave theory and techniques, and their related technologies and applications. They also include active devices and circuits, passive components, wireless systems, EMC and EMI, wireless power transfer and energy harvesting, antennas and propagation, and others.


2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC & 34th EU PVSEC)

Promote science and engineering of photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and applications


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Periodicals related to Ionization

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on

Broadcast technology, including devices, equipment, techniques, and systems related to broadcast technology, including the production, distribution, transmission, and propagation aspects.


Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, IEEE/ACM Transactions on

Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to, sequence analysis, comparison and alignment methods; motif, gene and signal recognition; molecular evolution; phylogenetics and phylogenomics; determination or prediction of the structure of RNA and Protein in two and three dimensions; DNA twisting and folding; gene expression and gene regulatory networks; deduction of metabolic pathways; micro-array design and analysis; proteomics; ...


Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

Methods, algorithms, and human-machine interfaces for physical and logical design, including: planning, synthesis, partitioning, modeling, simulation, layout, verification, testing, and documentation of integrated-circuit and systems designs of all complexities. Practical applications of aids resulting in producible analog, digital, optical, or microwave integrated circuits are emphasized.


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Most published Xplore authors for Ionization

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Xplore Articles related to Ionization

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Investigation of the energy pooling reaction CO(a)+CO(a)/spl rarr/CO/sup +/+CO(X) in optically-excited laser applications

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Air Force Res. Lab., Hanscom AFB, MA, USA', u'full_name': u'J. M. Thomas'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'D. E. Hunton'}] 25th Anniversary, IEEE Conference Record - Abstracts. 1998 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (Cat. No.98CH36221), None

Summary form only given. Three processes related to the efficiency of CO ionization via vibrational up-pumping are the energy pooling reactions CO(a)+CO(a)/spl rarr/CO/sup +/+CO(X), CO(a)+CO(X,/spl nu/'/spl ges/27)/spl rarr/CO/sup +/+CO(X,/spl nu/") and CO(X,/spl nu/'/spl ges/27)+CO(X,/spl nu/'/spl ges/27)/spl rarr/CO/sup +/+CO(X,/spl nu/"). At present it is not clear which of these processes is the dominant pathway for the CO ionization. After completing modifications ...


Midlatitude ionospheric changes to four great geomagnetic storms of solar cycle 23 in Southern and Northern hemispheres

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'South African National Space Agency Space Science, Hermanus, South Africa; Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa', u'full_name': u'Tshimangadzo Merline Matamba'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'South African National Space Agency Space Science, Hermanus, South Africa; Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa', u'full_name': u'John Bosco Habarulema'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Institute of Atmospheric Physics ASCR, Prague 4, Czech Republic', u'full_name': u'Dalia Bure\u0161ov\xe1'}] Space Weather, 2016

This paper presents an investigation of ionospheric response to great (Dst≤-350 nT) geomagnetic storms that occurred during solar cycle 23. The storm periods analyzed are 29 March to 2 April 2001, 27-31 October 2003, 18-23 November 2003, and 6-11 November 2004. Global Navigation Satellite System, total electron content (TEC), and ionosonde critical frequency of F2 layer (foF2) data over Southern ...


Parameters optimization of Lateral impact ionization MOS (LIMOS)

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, PDPM-IIITDM Jabalpur, MP, India', u'full_name': u'Ankit Dixit'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, PDPM-IIITDM Jabalpur, MP, India', u'full_name': u'Sangeeta Singh'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, PDPM-IIITDM Jabalpur, MP, India', u'full_name': u'P. N. Kondekar'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, PDPM-IIITDM Jabalpur, MP, India', u'full_name': u'Pankaj Kumar'}] Students' Technology Symposium (TechSym), 2014 IEEE, None

Impact Ionization MOSFET (IMOS), has emerged to combat one of the most critical and fundamental problem of sub-threshold slope (SS) which cannot be lower than 60mV/decade at room temperature for conventional MOSFET, as conventional MOSFET works on the principle of diffusion of charge carrier for the current flow in the device. Whereas, the IMOS devices work on the principle of ...


Sub-pulsewidth coherent spectroscopy in the visible: MI-FROG diagnostics for ultrafast plasma physics

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Chem., California Univ., San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA', u'full_name': u'C. W. Siders'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'A. J. Taylor'}] Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1999. CLEO '99. Summaries of Papers Presented at the Conference on, None

Summary form only given. The study of ultrafast laser-plasma interactions, made possible by sub-picosecond chirped pulse amplified solid-state laser systems enjoys the notable advantage of being decoupled from ion motion, which occur on multi-ps to ns time scales. Ultrafast optical-pulse probing of such plasmas, though, is still complicated by electron dynamics that exist on pulsewidth or shorter time scales. Particularly ...


Intense underwater laser propagation, ionization and heating for remote shaped plasma generation

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Plasma Physics Div., Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 USA', u'full_name': u'T. G. Jones'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Plasma Physics Div., Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 USA', u'full_name': u'D. Kaganovich'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Plasma Physics Div., Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 USA', u'full_name': u'M. H. Helle'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Plasma Physics Div., Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 USA', u'full_name': u'R. Fischer'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Plasma Physics Div., Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 USA', u'full_name': u'A. Ting'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'Plasma Physics Div., Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 USA', u'full_name': u'J. Palastro'}, {u'author_order': 7, u'affiliation': u'Plasma Physics Div., Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 USA', u'full_name': u'L. Johnson'}, {u'author_order': 8, u'affiliation': u'Plasma Physics Div., Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 USA', u'full_name': u'B. Hafizi'}, {u'author_order': 9, u'affiliation': u'Plasma Physics Div., Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 USA', u'full_name': u'D. Gordon'}, {u'author_order': 10, u'affiliation': u'Plasma Physics Div., Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 USA', u'full_name': u'J. Pe\xf1ano'}, {u'author_order': 11, u'affiliation': u'Research Support Instruments, Inc. Lanham, MD 20706 USA', u'full_name': u'Y. -H. Chen'}] 2016 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS), None

Summary form only given. Intense underwater laser propagation, filamentation, and ionization are beingIntense underwater laser propagation, filamentation, and ionization are being investigated at NRL for many Navy applications, including remote undersea laser acoustic generation for low-frequency long- range sonar, as well as advanced micromachining using underwater laser-guided discharges. The key to low-frequency laser acoustic generation is shaping of the heated ...


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Educational Resources on Ionization

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Electrical Breakdown in Gases

    This chapter discusses a short treatise on atomic collisions in gases and a description of Townsend's experiments in the early twentieth century. It presents the Paschen curve, and describes the predominant theories of spark formation. The chapter also discusses other breakdown phenomena, such as coronas and the hollow electrode carrier generation used in pseudosparks. Electrical breakdown occurs in a gas when a high¿¿¿conductivity channel is formed between cathode and anode. Before a study is made of the behavior of gases under the influence of an electric field, it is appropriate to review the basic principles of the kinetic theory of gases pertinent to gaseous ionization and breakdown. From there, the various concepts of ionic and electronic can be inferred. The chapter further discusses the efficient use of gaseous insulation with intershields. It concludes by discussing the important aspects of breakdown behavior in gaseous SF6.

  • Modeling Electron Impact Ionization

    Electron impact ionization is the mainstay for plasma-based flow control actuators because it actuates in less than microseconds and the electrode configuration can be made nonintrusive to oncoming stream. In addition, when the actuator is not needed, unlike most mechanical flow control devices, it will not be parasitic and degrade performance of aerospace vehicles. The space charges induce an additional electric field potential that makes it different from the corona discharge. This chapter presents the best physics-based, multifluid model for the electron impact ionization. The physics for electron impact ionization is well known through the luminary contributions by Townsend, the ionization is evolving from the electrons collision, secondary emission, and avalanche. The secondary emission from cathode arises as controlling mechanism for all electron impact ionization. A high concentration of positive charges over an electrode creates an extremely high electrical field potential, which is comparable to the magnitude in a nuclei.

  • Fundamentals of Electrical Discharges

    Natural phenomena, such as gamma rays produced by radioactive decay processes in the soil and cosmic radiation originating from solar flares and other galactic objects, can ionize the air molecules. This chapter first discusses ionization and deionization processes in gases. This is followed by a discussion on ionization and attachment coefficients. Two typical breakdown mechanisms occur in gases, each of them operating under specifically favorable conditions: Townsend's mechanism and the streamer mechanism. Corona discharges in air can burn on the overstressed zones of hot electrodes. This kind of discharge occupies a short layer, attached to the energized conductor. When a conductor is in corona, then the electric field on the surface is somehow influenced by the surrounding ion space charge. Kaptzov's hypothesis (KH) relates to the assumption that the space charge emitted into the interelectrode gap is in amounts that hold the surface field at the onset level.

  • Ionization Processes

    The ionization process of atoms or molecules is through energizing the electrons causing them to leave stable orbit revolving around the nucleus and becoming free-moving charges. The main mechanisms for ionization consist of thermal, electron impact, chemical reactions, photoionization, and microwave or electron cyclotron resonance. This chapter describes the ionization that focus on the basic mechanisms of photoemission, thermal, and electron impact discharges. The equilibrium ionization of the mixture of electrons, ions, and neutral particles can be analyzed by the law of mass action and the electronic partition function. Under gas discharge conditions, ionization by electron impact dominates over the photoionization because the cross sections of photoionization close to the ionizing threshold are rather high. The chapter provides Saha equation of ionization. An important parameter for the ionization rate is the mean free path of the gas medium and is ultimately related to the collision cross section.

  • Particle-Solid Scattering

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Overview * Scattering Cross Section * Electron Beam Spectroscopies * Auger Electron Spectroscopy * Auger Depth Profiling * Summary

  • Feasibility of the Lubistor-Based Avalanche Phototransistor

    In the twenty-first century, the traffic carried by optical communication systems will grow year by year, and the provision of rock-solid communication reliability is mandatory. Quantum communication technology is one of the most promising candidates for realizing truly reliable communication. Although the scientific and engineering bases for quantum communication remain under development, many scientists and engineers are carrying out challenging research to try to achieve significant breakthroughs in the near future. I have tried to discuss how the new Lubistor will contribute to meeting the technological challenges.

  • Optimization and Comparison of Power Devices

    We begin this chapter with a discussion of avalanche breakdown and blocking voltage in power devices, which leads naturally into a survey of edge termination techniques. We then discuss the optimum design of unipolar drift regions in devices such as Schottky diodes, JFETs (junction field-effect transistors), and MOSFETs (metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors), with a brief discussion of lateral RESURF (reduced-surface- field) devices. Finally, we present a consistent methodology for optimizing and comparing unipolar and bipolar devices for a particular set of specifications (i.e., blocking voltage and switching frequency).

  • Overview

    This chapter introduces recent challenging studies of SOI-Lubistor-based devices and new pn-junction-based devices, and addresses their future prospect. Attention is given to operations of the _i_-MOS transistor, tunnel FET, feedback FET, offset-gate Lubistor, and SOI fin LED.



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