In vitro

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In vitro refers to studies in experimental biology that are conducted using components of an organism that have been isolated from their usual biological context in order to permit a more detailed or more convenient analysis than can be done with whole organisms. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to In vitro

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2016 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

International Symposium dealing with recent developments on ultrasound, including ultrasound imaging, transducers, non destructuve testing and physical acoustics.

  • 2015 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

    Annual meeting of the UFFC Society that is being held regularly. It is focusing on ultrasonics.

  • 2013 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

    the joint IUS, ISAF, IFC, and EFTF conference is aimed at bringing the ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, Frequency Control and Time Forum communities around the world together more closely and through discussions on recent research and development of fundamentals, materials, devices, and applications .

  • 2012 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium

    The conference will bring together the community of ultrasonics around the world in the center of Europe for discussion and cooperation and to stimulate the research and development in the widespread field of ultrasonic theories and applications

  • 2011 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

    The Symposium is aimed at bringing the ultrasonics communities around the world together more closely and through discussions on recent research and development of ultrasonics theories and applications.

  • 2010 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

    The conference will cover all high frequency Ultrasound application including medical.

  • 2009 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium

    Conference includes short courses on topics of current interest in ultrasonics. The next three days will include parallel oral and poster sessions covering 1) Medical Ultrasonics, 2) Sensors, NDE & Industrial Applications, 3) Physical Acoustics, 4) Microacoustics SAW, FBAR, MEMS, and 5) Transducers & Transducer Materials.

  • 2008 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium

  • 2007 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium


2013 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

CVPR is the premiere annual Computer Vision event comprising the main CVPR conference and 27 co-located workshops and short courses. With its high quality and low cost, it provides an exceptional value for students, academics and industry.


2012 International Symposium on Micro-NanoMechatronics and Human Science (MHS)

The emphasis of this symposium is on fusions of several different fields and applications of micro-nano mechatronics technologies and human sciences. The symposium focus will be on engineering issues related to broader spectra, ranging from basic applications in robots, actuators, sensors, semiconductors, automobiles, and machine tools to new applications in biomedical systems and life sciences. The conference will feature Plenary, Invited, and Contributed papers (oral and poster sessions).

  • 2011 International Symposium on Micro-NanoMechatronics and Human Science (MHS)

    The emphasis of this symposium is on fusions of several different fields and applications of micro-nano mechatronics technologies and human sciences. The symposium focus will be on engineering issues related to broader spectra, ranging from basic applications in robots, actuators, sensors, semiconductors, automobiles, and machine tools to new applications in biomedical systems and life sciences. The conference will feature Plenary, Invited, and Contributed papers (oral and poster sessions).

  • 2010 International Symposium on Micro-NanoMechatronics and Human Science (MHS)

    The emphasis of this symposium is on fusions of several different fields and applications of micro-nano mechatronics technology and human sciences. The symposium focus will be on engineering issues related to broader spectra, ranging from basic applications in robots, actuators, sensors, semiconductors, automobiles, and machine tools to new applications in biomedical systems and life science. The conference will feature Plenary, Invited, and Contributed papers (oral and poster sessions).

  • 2009 International Symposium on Micro-NanoMechatronics and Human Science (MHS)

    The emphasis of this symposium is on fusions of several different fields and applications of micro-nano mechatronics technology and human sciences. The symposium focus will be on engineering issues related to broader spectra, ranging from basic applications in robots, actuators, sensors, semiconductors, automobiles, and machine tools to new applications in bio-medical systems and life science. The conference will feature Plenary, Invited, and Contributed papers (oral and poster sessions) thematically arrang

  • 2008 International Symposium on Micro-NanoMechatronics and Human Science (MHS)

    The emphasis of this symposium is on fusions of several different fields and applications of micro-nano mechatronics technology and human sciences. The symposium focus will be on engineering issues related to broader spectra, ranging from basic applications in robots, actuators, sensors, semiconductors, automobiles, and machine tools to new applications in bio-medical systems and life science. The conference will feature Plenary, Invited, and Contributed papers (oral and poster sessions) thematically arrang

  • 2007 International Symposium on Micro-NanoMechatronics and Human Science (MHS)

    The emphasis of this symposium is on fusions of several different fields and applications of micro-nano mechatronics technology and human sciences. The symposium focus will be on engineering issues related to broader spectra, ranging from basic applications in robots, actuators, sensors, semiconductors, automobiles, and machine tools to new applications in bio-medical systems and life science. The conference will feature Plenary, Invited and Contributed papers (oral and poster sessions) thematically arrange

  • 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Micro-NanoMechatronics and Human Science (MHS)


2006 Bio- Micro- and Nanosystems Conference



Periodicals related to In vitro

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Nanobioscience, IEEE Transactions on

Basic and applied papers dealing both with engineering, physics, chemistry, and computer science and with biology and medicine with respect to bio-molecules and cells. The content of acceptable papers ranges from practical/clinical/environmental applications to formalized mathematical theory. TAB #73-June 2001. (Original name-IEEE Transactions on Molecular Cellular and Tissue Engineering). T-NB publishes basic and applied research papers dealing with the study ...


Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on

IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control was the number-three journal in acoustics in 2002, according to the annual Journal Citation Report (2002 edition) published by the Institute for Scientific Information. This publication focuses on the theory, design, and application on generation, transmission, and detection of bulk and surface mechanical waves; fundamental studies in physical acoustics; design of sonic ...




Xplore Articles related to In vitro

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Integrated Cell-based Biosensor for Extracellular Electrophysiological Monitoring

Xu Ying; Yu Hui; Cai Hua; Liu Qingjun; Ping Wang 2007 International Conference on Information Acquisition, 2007

A rigorous preselection of identified compounds by in vitro cellular screening is necessary prior to using the drug candidates for the further time consuming and parallel monitoring stage. In this paper we introduced an integrated cell based chip which can detect changes of electrophysiological parameters by using microelectronic chips such as light-addressable potentiometric sensors(LAPS), micro-electrodes array sensors(MEAS) and interdigitated array ...


Potential-biased, asymmetric waveforms for charge-injection with activated iridium oxide (AIROF) neural stimulation electrodes

S. F. Cogan; P. R. Troyk; J. Ehrlich; T. D. Plante; D. E. Detlefsen IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 2006

The use of potential biasing and biphasic, asymmetric current pulse waveforms to maximize the charge-injection capacity of activated iridium oxide (AIROF) microelectrodes used for neural stimulation is described. The waveforms retain overall zero net charge for the biphasic pulse, but employ an asymmetry in the current and pulse widths of each phase, with the second phase delivered at a lower ...


An ultrasonic method for measuring tissue displacement: technical details and validation for measuring myocardial thickening

C. J. Hartley; H. Litowitz; R. S. Rabinovitz; W. -X. Zhu; J. E. Chelly; L. H. Michael; R. Bolli IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 1991

The authors developed a method for measuring myocardial thickening from a single ultrasonic transducer attached to the epicardium. Displacement of the underlying myocardial tissue is measured by following the phase of the echoes within a sample volume range-gated across the myocardium. The output is in the form of an analog signal. To verify the accuracy, resolution, and limitations of the ...


Microfabricated cylindrical multielectrodes for neural stimulation

S. Snow; S. C. Jacobsen; D. L. Wells; K. W. Horch IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 2006

The effects of spinal cord injuries are likely to be ameliorated with the help of functional electrical stimulation of the spinal cord, a technique that may benefit from a new style of electrode: the cylindrical multielectrode. This paper describes the specifications for, fabrication techniques for, and in vitro evaluation of cylindrical multielectrodes. Four tip shapes were tested to determine which ...


Online Tracking of Migrating and Proliferating Cells Imaged with Phase-Contrast Microscopy

Kang Li; E. D. Miller; L. E. Weiss; P. G. Campbell; T. Kanade 2006 Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshop (CVPRW'06), 2006

Automated visual-tracking of cell population in vitro using phase-contrast time-lapse microscopy is vital for the quantitative and systematic study of cell behaviors, including spatiotemporal quantification of migration, proliferation, and apoptosis. The low image quality, high and varying density of the cell culture, and the complexity of cell behaviors pose many challenges to existing tracking techniques. This paper presents a fully-automated ...


More Xplore Articles

Educational Resources on In vitro

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eLearning

Integrated Cell-based Biosensor for Extracellular Electrophysiological Monitoring

Xu Ying; Yu Hui; Cai Hua; Liu Qingjun; Ping Wang 2007 International Conference on Information Acquisition, 2007

A rigorous preselection of identified compounds by in vitro cellular screening is necessary prior to using the drug candidates for the further time consuming and parallel monitoring stage. In this paper we introduced an integrated cell based chip which can detect changes of electrophysiological parameters by using microelectronic chips such as light-addressable potentiometric sensors(LAPS), micro-electrodes array sensors(MEAS) and interdigitated array ...


Potential-biased, asymmetric waveforms for charge-injection with activated iridium oxide (AIROF) neural stimulation electrodes

S. F. Cogan; P. R. Troyk; J. Ehrlich; T. D. Plante; D. E. Detlefsen IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 2006

The use of potential biasing and biphasic, asymmetric current pulse waveforms to maximize the charge-injection capacity of activated iridium oxide (AIROF) microelectrodes used for neural stimulation is described. The waveforms retain overall zero net charge for the biphasic pulse, but employ an asymmetry in the current and pulse widths of each phase, with the second phase delivered at a lower ...


An ultrasonic method for measuring tissue displacement: technical details and validation for measuring myocardial thickening

C. J. Hartley; H. Litowitz; R. S. Rabinovitz; W. -X. Zhu; J. E. Chelly; L. H. Michael; R. Bolli IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 1991

The authors developed a method for measuring myocardial thickening from a single ultrasonic transducer attached to the epicardium. Displacement of the underlying myocardial tissue is measured by following the phase of the echoes within a sample volume range-gated across the myocardium. The output is in the form of an analog signal. To verify the accuracy, resolution, and limitations of the ...


Microfabricated cylindrical multielectrodes for neural stimulation

S. Snow; S. C. Jacobsen; D. L. Wells; K. W. Horch IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 2006

The effects of spinal cord injuries are likely to be ameliorated with the help of functional electrical stimulation of the spinal cord, a technique that may benefit from a new style of electrode: the cylindrical multielectrode. This paper describes the specifications for, fabrication techniques for, and in vitro evaluation of cylindrical multielectrodes. Four tip shapes were tested to determine which ...


Online Tracking of Migrating and Proliferating Cells Imaged with Phase-Contrast Microscopy

Kang Li; E. D. Miller; L. E. Weiss; P. G. Campbell; T. Kanade 2006 Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshop (CVPRW'06), 2006

Automated visual-tracking of cell population in vitro using phase-contrast time-lapse microscopy is vital for the quantitative and systematic study of cell behaviors, including spatiotemporal quantification of migration, proliferation, and apoptosis. The low image quality, high and varying density of the cell culture, and the complexity of cell behaviors pose many challenges to existing tracking techniques. This paper presents a fully-automated ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • On the Research Subject and the Animal Model

    The Substitutive Research Subject, Animal Politics, From Humanizing the Animal Model to In-Vivo-izing the In Vitro Model

  • Continuous Noninvasive Blood Pressure Monitoring: Proof of Concept

    This chapter contains sections titled: Physiology In Vivo and in Vitro Blood Pressure Measurements Problem Significance Previous Studies Work Based on Digital Signal Processing Continuous Blood Pressure Measurement Summary References Infusion Pump Occlusion Alarm Exercises

  • No title

    Disorders related to the intervertebral disc (IVD) are common causes of morbidity and of severe life quality deterioration. IVD degeneration, although in many cases asymptomatic, is often the origin of painful neck and back diseases. In Western societies IVD related pain and disability account for enormous health care costs as a result of work absenteeism and thus lost production, disability benefits, medical and insurance expenses. Although only a small percentage of patients with disc disorders finally will undergo surgery, spinal surgery has been one of the fastest growing disciplines in the musculoskeletal field in recent years. Nevertheless, current treatment options are still a matter of controversial discussion. In particular, they hardly can restore normal spine biomechanics and prevent degeneration of adjacent tissues. While degeneration affects all areas of the IVD, the most constant and noticeable changes occur in the gel-like central part, the nucleus pulposus (NP). Recent emphasis has therefore been put in biological ways to regenerate the NP; however, there are a number of obstacles to overcome, considering the exceptional biological and biomechanical environment of this tissue. Different biological approaches such as molecular, gene, and cell based therapies have been investigated and have shown promising results in both in vitro and in vivo studies. Nonetheless, considerable hurdles still exist in their application for IVD regeneration in human patients. The choice of the cells and the choice of the cell carrier suitable for implantation pose major challenges for research and development activities. This lecture recapitulates the basics of IVD structure, function, and degeneration mechanisms. The first part reviews the recent progress in the field of disc and stem cell based regenerative approaches. In the second part, most appropriate biomaterials that have been evaluated as cell or molecule carrier to cope with degenerative disc disease are outlin d. The potential and limitations of cell- and biomaterial-based treatment strategies and perspectives for future clinical applications are discussed. Table of Contents: Cell Therapy for Nucleus Pulposus Regeneration / Recent Advances in Biomaterial Based Tissue Engineering for Intervertebral Disc Regeneration

  • Microengineered Polymer- and Ceramic-Based Biomaterial Scaffolds: A Topical Review on Design, Processing, and Biocompatibility Properties

    Porous scaffolds play a critical role in bone regeneration and therefore are widely being developed for various biomedical applications. Porosity and pore size, both at the macroscopic and microscopic levels, are important morphological characteristics of a biomaterial scaffold for bone regeneration. This chapter explores the state-of the-art knowledge on the fabrication of porous scaffolds and their physicomechanical behavior as well as in vitro and in vivo biological response in the context of their bone regeneration capabilities. The availability of a number of scaffold fabrication routes provides an opportunity to develop porous scaffolds of various biocompatible materials with different porosities, pore sizes, and mechanical properties. The chapter discusses mechanical as well as the in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility properties. It highlights some of the outstanding issues related to the future scaffold development to mimic the complex architecture of natural bone for better bone tissue regeneration.

  • No title

    Cardiac tissue engineering aims at repairing damaged heart muscle and producing human cardiac tissues for application in drug toxicity studies. This book offers a comprehensive overview of the cardiac tissue engineering strategies, including presenting and discussing the various concepts in use, research directions and applications. Essential basic information on the major components in cardiac tissue engineering, namely cell sources and biomaterials, is firstly presented to the readers, followed by a detailed description of their implementation in different strategies, broadly divided to cellular and acellular ones. In cellular approaches, the biomaterials are used to increase cell retention after implantation or as scaffolds when bioengineering the cardiac patch, in vitro. In acellular approaches, the biomaterials are used as ECM replacement for damaged cardiac ECM after MI, or, in combination with growth factors, the biomaterials assume an additional function as a depot for prolong d factor activity for the effective recruitment of repairing cells. The book also presents technological innovations aimed to improve the quality of the cardiac patches, such as bioreactor applications, stimulation patterns and prevascularization. This book could be of interest not only from an educational perspective (i.e. for graduate students), but also for researchers and medical professionals, to offer them fresh views on novel and powerful treatment strategies. We hope that the reader will find a broad spectrum of ideas and possibilities described in this book both interesting and convincing. Table of Contents: Introduction / The Heart: Structure, Cardiovascular Diseases, and Regeneration / Cell Sources for Cardiac Tissue Engineering / Biomaterials: Polymers, Scaffolds, and Basic Design Criteria / Biomaterials as Vehicles for Stem Cell Delivery and Retention in the Infarct / Bioengineering of Cardiac Patches, In Vitro / Perfusion Bioreactors and Stimulation Patterns in Cardiac T ssue Engineering / Vascularization of Cardiac Patches / Acellular Biomaterials for Cardiac Repair / Biomaterial-based Controlled Delivery of Bioactive Molecules for Myocardial Regeneration

  • Improved Pulse Oximetry

    This chapter contains sections titled: Physiology of Oxygen Transport In Vitro Oxygen Measurements Problem Significance Adaptive Noise Cancellation in Masimo Software Summary References Noninvasive Blood Pressure Exercises

  • No title

    Cartilage injuries in children and adolescents are increasingly observed, with roughly 20% of knee injuries in adolescents requiring surgery. In the US alone, costs of osteoarthritis (OA) are in excess of $65 billion per year (both medical costs and lost wages). Comorbidities are common with OA and are also costly to manage. Articular cartilage's low friction and high capacity to bear load makes it critical in the movement of one bone against another, and its lack of a sustained natural healing response has necessitated a plethora of therapies. Tissue engineering is an emerging technology at the threshold of translation to clinical use. Replacement cartilage can be constructed in the laboratory to recapitulate the functional requirements of native tissues. This book outlines the biomechanical and biochemical characteristics of articular cartilage in both normal and pathological states, through development and aging. It also provides a historical perspective of past and current cartil ge treatments and previous tissue engineering efforts. Methods and standards for evaluating the function of engineered tissues are discussed, and current cartilage products are presented with an analysis on the United States Food and Drug Administration regulatory pathways that products must follow to market. This book was written to serve as a reference for researchers seeking to learn about articular cartilage, for undergraduate and graduate level courses, and as a compendium of articular cartilage tissue engineering design criteria. Table of Contents: Hyaline Articular Cartilage / Cartilage Aging and Pathology / In Vitro / Bioreactors / Future Directions

  • No title

    Dental caries, periodontitis, tooth loss, and bone resorption are considered prevalent health problems that have direct affect on the quality of life. While, advances in stem cell biology and biotechnology have sparked hope for devastating maladies, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, etc., it also provides a strategy of regenerative therapy for dental tissues. From the prospective of tissue engineering, it is of utmost importance to understand and emulate the complex cell interactions that make up a tissue or organ. Unlike other tissues in the body, dental tissues are unique in their development, function, and even in their maintenance throughout life. The harmonized stimulations of biology and mechanical regulators to promote cellular activities have matured our understanding of the value of regenerative therapy of dental tissue versus the reparative treatment. In this book, we review the current knowledge available to regenerate alveolar bone, periodontal structure, and pulp dentin complex. The book provides researchers with detailed information about development and functional characteristics of the dental unit with detailed protocols covering a comprehensive range of various approaches to engineer dental tissues: to use isolated cells or cell substitutes as cellular replacement, to use acellular biomaterials capable of inducing tissue regeneration, and/or to use a combination of cells, biomaterial and growth factors. We are well aware, with the concept changes in the field toward in-vitro biomimetics of in-vivo tissue development. The theoretical frame work integrating these concepts of developmental biology and developmental engineering is yet to be emphasized and implemented. Until this happens, we consider this book of regenerative dentistry as a call for scientists to achieve, researchers to innovate, practitioners to apply, and students to learn the art and science of regenerative therapy in dentistry. Table of Contents: Introduction to Regenerativ Dentistry / Tissue Engineering Alveolar Bone / Tissue Engineering of the Periodontal Tissues / Dynamics for Pulp-Dentin Tissue Engineering in Operative Dentistry

  • Improved Impedance Cardiography

    This chapter contains sections titled: Physiology of Cardiac Output In Vivo and In Vitro Cardiac Output Measurements Problem Significance Spectrogram Processing in Drexel Patents Wavelet Processing in CardioDynamics Software Summary References Electrocardiogram QRS Detection Exercises



Standards related to In vitro

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No standards are currently tagged "In vitro"