Conferences related to Green products

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2018 10th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN)

10th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN 2017) is organized to address various issues to prosper the creation of intelligent solutions in future. The aim is to bring together worldwide leading researchers, developers, practitioners and educators interested in advancing the state of the art in computational intelligence and communication Networks for exchanging knowledge that encompasses a broad range of disciplines among various distinct communities. It is expected that researchers will bring new prospect for collaboration across disciplines and gain idea facilitating novel breakthrough. The theme for this conference is Innovating and Inspiring the researchers to adopt the outcome for implementation.

  • 2017 9th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN)

    Soft computing, Fuzzy Logic and ANN • Sensors and networks (wireless ad hoc N/W, Vehicular N/W) • Acoustic and under water electronics/communication and sonar systems • Image, Signal and Speach Processing • Microwave IC, antennas and Wave Propagation • Modeling and simulation• Digital Design, VLSI and SOC • Data Mining, Big data, Ontology and Web Services • Parallel and distributed systems• Telecommunication and Mobile communication • Grid, Cloud, High Speed/Performance and Green Computing • RFIDs and applicatons• Embedded systems and Hardware Design/Implementation • Mobile Computing, Computational Intelligence • Power Electronics, Transmission and Power Systems • Computer Vision and Artificial Intelligence • Bio-informatics, Biometry and Medical Imaging• Information security,Network Security and Steganography • Remote sensing and GIS

  • 2016 8th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN)

    Soft computing, Fuzzy Logic and ANN ? Sensors and networks (wireless ad hoc N/W, Vehicular N/W) ? Acoustic and under water electronics/communication and sonar systems ? Signal and Speach Processing ? Microwave IC, antennas and Wave Propagation ? Modeling and simulation ? VLSI Design and SOC ? Data Mining, Ontology and Web Services ? Parallel and distributed systems ? Telecommunication and Mobile communication ? Grid, Cloud, High Speed/Performance and Green Computing ? RFIDs and applicatons ? Embedded systems and Hardware Design/Implementation ? Mobile Computing, Computational Intelligence

  • 2015 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN)

    Soft computing, Fuzzy Logic and ANN • Sensors and networks (wireless ad hoc N/W, Vehicular N/W) • Acoustic and under water electronics/communication and sonar systems • Signal and Speach Processing • Microwave IC, antennas and Wave Propagation • Modeling and simulation• VLSI Design and SOC • Data Mining, Ontology and Web Services • Parallel and distributed systems• Telecommunication and Mobile communication • Grid, Cloud, High Speed/Performance and Green Computing • RFIDs and applicatons• Embedded systems and Hardware Design/Implementation • Mobile Computing, Computational Intelligence

  • 2014 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN)

    The International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN 2014) is organized to address various issues to prosper the creation of intelligent solutions in future. The aim is to bring together worldwide leading researchers, developers, practitioners and educators interested in advancing the state of the art in computational intelligence and communication Networks for exchanging knowledge that encompasses a broad range of disciplines among various distinct communities. It is expected that researchers will bring new prospect for collaboration across disciplines and gain idea facilitating novel breakthrough. The theme for this conference is Innovating and Inspiring the researchers to adopt the outcome for implementation. The conference will provide an exceptional platform to the researchers to meet and discuss the utmost solutions, scientific results and methods in solving intriguing problems with people that actively involved in these evergreen fields. T

  • 2013 5th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN)

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  • 2012 4th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN)

    The lnternational Conference CICN 2012 aims to bring together researchers, engineers, developers and practitioners from academia and industry working in all major areas and interdisciplinary to brainstorm for fruitful results and applications.

  • 2011 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN)

    The International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN2011) is organized to address various issues to prosper the creation of intelligent solutions in future. The aim is to bring together worldwide leading researchers, developers, practitioners and educators interested in advancing the state of the art in computational intelligence and communication Networks for exchanging knowledge that encompasses a broad range of disciplines among various distinct communities.

  • 2010 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN)

    The International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN2010) is organized to address various issues to prosper the creation of intelligent solutions in future. The aim is to bring together worldwide leading researchers, developers, practitioners and educators interested in advancing the state of the art in computational intelligence and communication Networks for exchanging knowledge that encompasses a broad range of disciplines among various distinct communities.


2018 20th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'18 ECCE Europe)

Energy conversion and conditioning technologies, power electronics, adjustable speed drives and their applications, power electronics for smarter grid, energy efficiency,technologies for sustainable energy systems, converters and power supplies


2018 25th International Workshop on Active-Matrix Flatpanel Displays and Devices (AM-FPD)

The conference for researchers and experts has been providing good opportunitiesto exchange scientific and technological knowledge on active-matrix flatpanel displays(AMFPDs), thin-film transistors (TFTs), thin-film materials and devices (TFMD), photovoltaics(PV) technologies, and other related topics. Papers are solicited on, but not limited to, thefollowing topics: Flat Panel Display (FPD): flexible display, LCDs, OLED, e-papers, 3D displays,touch screens, driving methods, integrated drivers, and display materials and systems. TFTsTechnologies (TFT): amorphous, microcrystalline and polycrystalline Si-based TFTs, organicTFTs, oxide TFTs, such as graphene, semiconductor nanowires, carbon nanotubes, and device modeling, device & circuit simulation, and their reliability.Photovoltaics (PV): thin-film solar cells, amorphous /crystalline Si heterojunction, transparent conductive oxides.

  • 2017 24th International Workshop on Active-Matrix Flatpanel Displays and Devices (AM-FPD)

    Conference for researchers and experts, this workshop has been providing good opportunities to exchange scientific and technological knowledge on active-matrix flatpanel displays (AMFPDs), thin-film transistors (TFTs), thin-film materials and devices (TFMD), photovoltaics (PV) technologies, and other related topics. Paper are solicited on, but not limited to, the following topics: Flat Panel Display (FPD): flexible display, LCDs, OLED, e-papers, 3D displays, touch screens, driving methods, integrated drivers, and display materials and systems. TFT Technologies (TFT): amorphous, microcrystalline and polycrystalline Si-based TFTs, organic TFTs, oxide TFTs, other material TFTs such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, and semiconductor nanowires, device modeling, device and circuit simulation, and reliability. Photovoltaics (PV): thin-film solar cells, amorphous/crystalline Si heterojunction, passivation, transparent conductive oxides.

  • 2016 23rd International Workshop on Active-Matrix Flatpanel Displays and Devices (AM-FPD)

    Conference for researchers and experts, this workshop has been providing good opportunities to exchange scientific and technological knowledge on active-matrix flatpanel displays (AMFPDs), thin-film transistors (TFTs), thin-film materials and devices (TFMD), photovoltaics (PV) technologies, and other related topics. Papers are solicited on, but not limited to, the following topics: Flat Panel Display (FPD): LCDs OLED displays e papers 3 D displays LCDs, displays, epapers, 3-displays, flexible displays, touch screens, driving methods, integrated drivers, and display materials and systems. TFT Technologies (TFT): amorphous, microcrystalline, and polycrystalline Si TFTs, organicTFTs, oxide TFTs, other material TFTs such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, and semiconductor nanowires, device modeling, device and circuit simulation, and reliability. Photovoltaics (PV): thin-film solar cells, amorphous/crystalline Si heterojunction, passivation, transparent conductive oxides.

  • 2015 22nd International Workshop on Active-Matrix Flatpanel Displays and Devices (AM-FPD)

    Conference for researchers and experts, this workshop has been providing good opportunities to exchange scientific and technological knowledge on active-matrix flatpanel displays (AMFPDs), thin-film transistors (TFTs), thin-film materials and devices (TFMD), photovoltaics (PV) technologies, and other related topics. Papers are solicited on, but not limited to, the following topics: Flat Panel Display (FPD): LCDs OLED displays e papers 3 D displays LCDs,displays, epapers, 3-displays, flexible displays, touch screens, driving methods, integrated drivers, and display materials and systems. TFT Technologies (TFT): amorphous, microcrystalline, and polycrystalline Si TFTs,organicTFTs, oxide TFTs, other material TFTs such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, and semiconductor nanowires, device modeling, device and circuit simulation, and reliability. Photovoltaics (PV): thin-film solar cells, amorphous/crystalline Si heterojunction, passivation, transparent conductive oxides.

  • 2014 21st International Workshop on Active-Matrix Flatpanel Displays and Devices(AM-FPD)

    Conference for researchers and experts, this workshop has been providing good opportunities to exchange scientific and technological knowledge on active-matrix flatpanel displays (AMFPDs), thin-film transistors (TFTs), thin-film materials and devices (TFMD), photovoltaics (PV) technologies, and other related topics. Papers are solicited on, but not limited to, the following topics: Flat Panel Display (FPD): LCDs OLED displays e papers 3 D displays LCDs, displays, epapers, 3-displays, flexible displays, touch screens, driving methods, integrated drivers, and display materials and systems.TFT Technologies (TFT): amorphous, microcrystalline, and polycrystalline Si TFTs, organicTFTs, oxide TFTs, other material TFTs such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, and semiconductor nanowires, device modeling, device and circuit simulation, and reliability. Photovoltaics (PV): thin-film solar cells, amorphous/crystalline Si heterojunction, passivation, transparent conductive oxides.

  • 2013 Twentieth International Workshop on Active-Matrix Flatpanel Displays and Devices (AM-FPD)

    Conference for researchers and experts, this workshop has been providing good opportunities to exchange scientific and technological knowledge on active-matrix flatpanel displays (AM-FPDs), thin-film transistors (TFTs), thin-film materials and devices (TFMD), photovoltaics (PV) technologies, and other related topics. Papers are solicited on, but not limited to, the following topics:

  • 2012 19th International Workshop on Active-Matrix Flatpanel Displays and Devices (AM-FPD)

    Conference for researchers and experts, this workshop has been providing good opportunities to exchange scientific ideas for advanced information on active-matrix flatpanel displays (AM-FPDs) including thin-film transistors (TFTs), and solar cells.


2018 41st International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronicsand Microelectronics (MIPRO)

Computer in Technical Systems, Intelligent Systems, Distributed Computing and VisualizationSystems, Communication Systems, Information Systems Security, Digital Economy, Computersin Education, Microelectronics, Electronic Technology, Education


2018 Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

The Conference addresses the discipline of systemsengineering, including theory, technology, methodology,and applications of complex systems, system-of-systems,and integrated systems of national and globalsignificance. It focuses on Systems Engineering for Complex Systems; and the conference caters to both practitioners andacademics, providing a forum to exchange ideas andexperiences on technology, methodology, applications,study cases, and practical experiences.

  • 2019 IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

    addresses the discipline of systems engineering,including theory, technology, methodology, andapplications of complex systems, system-of-systems,and integrated systems of national and globalsignificance.

  • 2017 Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The IEEE International Systems Conference facilitates interactions among communities of interest on system-level problems andapplications. System-level thinking is essential in the worldtoday, not only for technical systems, but also for societyat large. The Conference addresses the discipline of systemsengineering, including theory, technology, methodology,and applications of complex systems, system-of-systems,and integrated systems of national and globalsignificance.

  • 2016 Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The theme of the IEEE International SystemsConference is Engineering of Complex Systems, to includeSystems-of-systems, Systems Engineering, Systems Integration,and Systems Thinking

  • 2015 Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The theme of the IEEE International Systems Conference is Engineering of Complex Systems, to include Systems-of-systems, Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2014 8th Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    This conference seeks to create an interactive forum forthe advancement of the practice of systems engineeringacross the multiple disciplines and specialty areasassociated with the engineering of complex systems. Theconference will provide a venue for systems engineeringpractitioners, managers, researchers, and educators toexchange innovative concepts, ideas, applications, andlessons learned addressing: Applications-oriented topics on large-scale systemsand system-of-systems in topics noted below

  • 2013 7th Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    Conference addresses systems, complex systems, systems-of-systems, critical systems, and the systems engineering disciplines needed to implement such large-scale or complex systems in the international arena.

  • 2012 6th Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-Systems Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2011 IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

    IEEE International Systems Conference Scope is Engineering of Complex Systems, to include Systems-of-systems, Large-scale Systems Integration, and Systems Engineering and Systems Thinking.

  • 2010 4th Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    The theme of the IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-systems Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2009 3rd Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    Engineering Comles Integtared Systems and Systems-of-Systems - Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking

  • 2008 2nd Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    The theme of the IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-systems- Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2007 1st Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    The theme of the IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-systems - Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.


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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Automation Science and Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Automation Sciences and Engineering (T-ASE) publishes fundamental papers on Automation, emphasizing scientific results that advance efficiency, quality, productivity, and reliability. T-ASE encourages interdisciplinary approaches from computer science, control systems, electrical engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, operations research, and other fields. We welcome results relevant to industries such as agriculture, biotechnology, healthcare, home automation, maintenance, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, retail, ...


Communications Magazine, IEEE

IEEE Communications Magazine was the number three most-cited journal in telecommunications and the number eighteen cited journal in electrical and electronics engineering in 2004, according to the annual Journal Citation Report (2004 edition) published by the Institute for Scientific Information. Read more at http://www.ieee.org/products/citations.html. This magazine covers all areas of communications such as lightwave telecommunications, high-speed data communications, personal communications ...


Computer

Computer, the flagship publication of the IEEE Computer Society, publishes peer-reviewed technical content that covers all aspects of computer science, computer engineering, technology, and applications. Computer is a resource that practitioners, researchers, and managers can rely on to provide timely information about current research developments, trends, best practices, and changes in the profession.


Display Technology, Journal of

This publication covers the theory, design, fabrication, manufacturing and application of information displays and aspects of display technology that emphasize the progress in device engineering, device design, materials, electronics, physics and reliabilityaspects of displays and the application of displays.


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Most published Xplore authors for Green products

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Xplore Articles related to Green products

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Integration and sharing study on optimization of campus entrance area design

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'School of Architecture, Tianjin University, China', u'full_name': u'Wei SU'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Chongqing University, China', u'full_name': u'Jin Zuo'}] 2011 International Conference on Electric Technology and Civil Engineering (ICETCE), None

The planning and construction of campus entrance area is an important part of the integrated and harmonious development of campus and urban. Aiming at several problems in current constructing practice such as formalism, the design of Tianjin light industry technical college entrance area starts from the integrated planning of Haihe educational park, following the idea of "environmental sharing", use the ...


Notice of Retraction<BR>Supplier development in the automotive industry: A case in China

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Department of Management, Guangxi University of Technology, Liuzhou, China', u'full_name': u'Cheng Jianjun'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Department of Social Science, Guangxi University of Technology, Liuzhou, China', u'full_name': u'Yang Meiju'}] 2011 IEEE 2nd International Conference on Software Engineering and Service Science, None

Notice of Retraction After careful and considered review of the content of this paper by a duly constituted expert committee, this paper has been found to be in violation of IEEE's Publication Principles. We hereby retract the content of this paper. Reasonable effort should be made to remove all past references to this paper. The presenting author of this paper ...


Microeconomic analysis of base-station sharing in green cellular networks

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Tsinghua Nat. Lab. for Inf. Sci. & Technol.(TNList), Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China', u'full_name': u'Bingjie Leng'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA', u'full_name': u'Parisa Mansourifard'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA', u'full_name': u'Bhaskar Krishnamachari'}] IEEE INFOCOM 2014 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, None

Cellular networks can be operated more energy-efficiently if operators agree to share base-stations during off-peak hours. We apply a micro-economic analysis for a single-cell two-operator scenario to investigate the conditions under which self-interested operators would agree to share resources in this manner. Our analysis yields a comprehensive treatment of the existence and number of Nash Equilibria. We consider the cases ...


Dynamic Knowledge-Based Analysis in Nonsecure 5G Green Environments Using Contextual Data

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Department of Computer Science, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain', u'full_name': u'Ana Nieto'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Department of Information and Communication Systems Engineering, University of the Aegean, Karlovassi, Greece', u'full_name': u'Nikolaos Nomikos'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Department of Computer Science, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain', u'full_name': u'Javier Lopez'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Department of Information and Communication Systems Engineering, University of the Aegean, Karlovassi, Greece', u'full_name': u'Charalambos Skianis'}] IEEE Systems Journal, 2017

The growing number of parameters in heterogeneous networks, as is the case of the fifth-generation (5G) Green networks, greatly complicates the analysis of the Security and Quality-of-Service Tradeoff (SQT). However, studying these types of relationships is crucial in Future Internet scenarios to prevent potential points of failure and to enhance the use of limited resources, increasing the user's experience. Therefore, ...


Green mould compounds: Impact on second level interconnect reliability

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'imec, Kapeldreef 75, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium', u'full_name': u'B. Vandevelde'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'imec, Kapeldreef 75, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium', u'full_name': u'M. Lofrano'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'imec, Kapeldreef 75, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium', u'full_name': u'G. Willems'}] 2011 IEEE 13th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, None

The change-over from conventional to so-called green moulding compounds has gradually taken place in the last five years. These green mould compound materials have a lower thermal expansion and higher elastic modulus. As a consequence of the modified thermal and mechanical properties, an impact on the thermo-mechanical behaviour of the package-board assembly is expected (so- called Package Board Interaction: PBI). ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Green MTC, M2M, Internet of Things

    The capability of having any type of object interconnected and Internet‐connected creates an unprecedented access and exchange of information that has been baptized as the Internet of Things (IoT). With the advancement of integrated technologies, improved batteries, and electronic miniaturization, everyday things will be equipped with sensors and microprocessors to collect information around them and execute smart applications. In addition, they will be able to communicate with each other. The IoT has the potential to revolutionize innovations; create new products, services, business; and reshape consumer's behavior. IoT represents a major player for the future of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT).The development of the IoT must be environment friendly. ICT have shown to be a key contributor to global warming and environmental pollution; it is predicted that the global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from ICT will account for 12% of all emissions by 2020 at a growth rate of 6% per year. Therefore, it is mandatory to develop environmentally friendly ‐ or "green" ‐ technologies for the IoT, and ICT in general.Machine‐to‐Machine (M2M) communications constitute a fundamental part of the IoT. The term M2M refers to the exchange of data between two or more entities, objects, or machines that do not necessarily need human interaction. The envisioned market for such kind of communications is broader than the one traditional human‐based communications in terms of number of users and variety of applications. Some forecasts predict figures up to 50 billion machines that will be connecting to communication networks by 2020. This is a very big number compared to the entire world p opulation of around 7 billion people. Therefore, there are some challenges that need to be addressed in order to fully supportM2Mservices in current communication networks. From the technical point of view, M2M communications are substantially different from Human‐to‐Human (H2H) communications. For example, network operators should provide communication services at low cost in order to face the low Average Revenue Per User (ARPU). Despite the large number of expected M2M connections, most of them will generate very little and infrequent data traffic. Communication networks shall also provide suitable congestion and overload control solutions in order to handle a huge number of simultaneous connections. Features such as low mobility, time‐controlled data delivery, group‐based policing and addressing, low connection delays, and a wide variety of Quality of Service requirements are among other challenges that need to be addressed. All of them must have the "green" concept embedded. In order to ensure that devices can operate autonomously for years or even decades without human intervention, it is necessary to provide networks with highly efficient communication protocols. This is the main focus of this chapter.The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) created in 2009 a dedicated technical committee to identify key M2M use cases, understand the service requirements, and promote standards for the complete end‐to‐end M2M functional architecture. Later, in 2012, the global One M2M project was also established by ETSI, with other international standardization bodies, in order to define M2M standards that can accelerate the deployment and success of M2M applications.

  • Open Issues and Possible Future Research Directions

    This chapter presents some of the open issues in the smart grid communications infrastructure and point outs possible directions for future research. In the proposed information communications technology (ICT) framework, cloud services and big data analytics will be critical components of the smart grid communication infrastructure. The quality‐of‐service (QoS) framework can be developed by identifying the specific QoS requirements and priorities for specific communication networks in the smart grid. The smart grid will be deployed on a large scale with an increasing number of customers included. In the smart grid, a higher proportion of green energy is vital for lower greenhouse gas emissions. Research focusing on better involvement of green energy needs to be addressed. Electrical vehicles (EVs) and plug‐in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) store a considerable amount of electricity. Unfortunately, utilizing such storage efficiently with proper controls still remains an open issue, because EVs/PHEVs are not regular appliances that remain in one place.

  • Optimizing Green Energy Utilization for Mobile Networks with Hybrid Energy Supplies

    This chapter presents green energy optimization (GEO) schemes, which optimize energy utilization in cellular networks with hybrid energy supplies. The GEO scheme decomposes the problem into two sub¿¿¿problems: the multi¿¿¿stage energy allocation problem and the multi¿¿¿BSs energy balancing problem. The chapter proposes algorithms to solve these sub¿¿¿problems, and hence solve the green energy optimization problem. It introduces and investigates the green energy provisioning (GEP) problem, which aims to minimize the CAPEX of deploying green energy systems in BSs while satisfying the QoS requirements of cellular networks. The GEP problem is decomposed into the weighted energy minimization problem and the green energy system sizing problem. The chapter proposes a green energy provisioning solution consisting of a provision¿¿¿cost aware traffic load balancing algorithm and a binary energy system sizing algorithm to solve the sub¿¿¿problems and hence solve the GEP problem.

  • D2D Communications in Hierarchical HetNets

    The growth in mobile communication systems has led to a tremendous increase in the energy consumed by the mobile networks. Device¿¿¿to¿¿¿device (D2D) communications and small¿¿¿cell networks are considered to be an integral part of the 5G communications due to the low power, low cost and ease of deployment of small¿¿¿cell BSs (SBSs) and D2D communications. This chapter introduces a three¿¿¿tier hierarchical HetNet by exploiting D2D communications in traditional HetNets. The performance of the proposed network configuration is investigated by comparing the spectral and backhaul energy efficiency improvements in the hierarchical HetNet against traditional HetNets. The chapter describes the network architecture, spectrum partitioning and transmission model of a hierarchical HetNet. The first scenario comprised a HetNet without D2D links, and the second scenario considered a hierarchical HetNet with overlay D2D communication. Simulation results show that hierarchical HetNet with D2D communications outperforms the full small¿¿¿cell deployment in terms of average user transmission power.

  • Green Home and Enterprise Networks

    With the data traffic growing nearly exponentially, concerns regarding excessive energy consumption in wireless networks have been raised for home and enterprise environments. These two types of networks are discussed here jointly because of the many similarities they exhibit, namely, propagation environments (dominantly indoor scenarios, high diversity of building structures with many obstacles, both due to wall construction and the used equipment) and network structure, that is, usually consisting of an Ethernet‐based backbone and a wireless last hop from which many different wireless technologies have emerged. In this chapter, the most important differences and future perspectives for both networks are pointed out. The 'green context' of the discussed environments is also discussed. To this end, first the important metrics used in the context of green networking in wireless scenarios are introduced, and using these metrics an initial evaluation of the potential energy savings in both scenarios has been performed. Next, the reality of energy savings that are possible to achieve in the current state of home and enterprise networks is surveyed. Then, an overview of what can be done is given, including hardware (room for possible hardware improvements) and network‐level solutions, with a conclusion that the latter approaches have much more potential. An overview of the most important challenges and limitations in current home and network environments is also presented. Next, a detailed survey of the network‐level solutions applicable in dense WLAN scenarios is given, followed by an outlook on the deployment of femtocells and their most important challenges in near future perspective home and enterprise deployments. Finally, the conclusions and the future outlook of green tech niques in home and enterprise environments are provided.

  • Energy Aware Traffic Load Balancing in Mobile Networks

    This chapter discusses traffic load balancing schemes that optimize network utilities, for example, average traffic delivery latency and green energy utilization. It first presents Intelligent Cell brEathing (ICE) to minimize the maximal EDRs of LBSs, thus maximizing the utilization of green energy at each stage. Then, the chapter considers a heterogeneous network with multiple MBSs and SCBSs. Both the MBSs and SCBSs are powered by on¿¿¿grid power and green energy. The chapter considers solar power as the green energy source. It focuses on balancing the downlink traffic loads among BSs by designing a green energy and latency aware user association scheme. The chapter adopts a software¿¿¿defined radio access network (SoftRAN) architecture in which all BSs are controlled by the RAN controller (RANC). It also investigates traffic load balancing in backhaul constrained cache¿¿¿enabled small cell networks with hybrid power supplies, and optimizes the BS traffic load and power distribution for mobile networks powered by smart grid.

  • Introduction

    This chapter provides an introduction on the green communications and energy efficiency in telecommunication systems considering the origins of the problem and indicating the main motivations. It additionally provides an overview of energy efficiency in telecommunication systems highlighting past and present innovations and demonstrating the evolution of the green communications field. An overview of the system model is followed by an examination of the different parts of a telecommunication network where energy conservation mechanisms and practices can be applied, as further detailed throughout the book. The fundamental energy efficiency concepts and principles in telecommunication systems are then analyzed, reviewing also the elementary energy quantification and qualification measures.

  • Multi¿¿¿homing for a Green Downlink

    In a heterogeneous wireless medium, downlink multi¿¿¿homing radio resource allocation can save power for network operators. In this context, two application scenarios can be distinguished. In the first scenario, the MT aggregates the offered radio resources from different networks to support a single (data hungry) application, while in the second scenario, the MT runs different applications using the radio resources assigned to different radio interfaces. This chapter discusses the challenging issues associated with each application scenario. It presents two downlink radio resource allocation mechanisms that address research issues for the two application scenarios. The downlink green communication problem is formulated as an asymmetric Nash bargain game to jointly allocate radio resources (bandwidth and power) from different networks to a set of MTs with multi¿¿¿homing capabilities. The chapter also presents a minimum power consumption radio resource allocation algorithm for LTE/WiFi networks that takes into account the mutual IDC interference between LTE and WiFi.

  • Green GSM

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Energy Optimized Network Design Coverage Improvement Techniques Capacity Improvement Techniques Energy Savings through Software Solutions Energy‐Efficient BTS Site Renewable Energy Sources Energy Savings for Controllers and Transcoders References

  • Enhancing Energy Efficiency via Device¿¿¿to¿¿¿Device Proximity Services

    This chapter presents three device¿¿¿to¿¿¿device (D2D) proximity services¿¿¿based energy efficient communications schemes, namely, energy efficient cooperative wireless multicasting, green relay assisted D2D communications and green content brokerage. In green relay assisted D2D communications, the chapter introduces green relay nodes to increase the link data rate of D2D communications by leveraging cooperative communications. It proposes a novel green relay assisted D2D communications architecture, in which relay nodes powered by green energy are deployed to increase the data rates of D2D communications. In designing green relay assisted D2D communications, the chapter considers a wireless network consisting of 2N UEs and M green relay nodes, with the UEs forming N SD pairs. By leveraging D2D communications, he/she designs a novel mobile traffic offloading scheme, content brokerage. In designing the green content brokerage scheme, the he/she considers a cellular network consisting of one MBS, N UEs and one GCB.



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