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In physics, a force is any influence that causes a free body to undergo a change in speed, a change in direction, or a change in shape. Force can also be described by intuitive concepts such as a push or pull that can cause an object with mass to change its velocity (which includes to begin moving from a state of rest), i.e. , to accelerate, or which can cause a flexible object to deform. (

Conferences related to Force

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2020 IEEE 16th International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC)

AMC2020 is the 16th in a series of biennial international workshops on Advanced Motion Control which aims to bring together researchers from both academia and industry and to promote omnipresent motion control technologies and applications.

2020 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM)

The scope of the 2020 IEEE/ASME AIM includes the following topics: Actuators, Automotive Systems, Bioengineering, Data Storage Systems, Electronic Packaging, Fault Diagnosis, Human-Machine Interfaces, Industry Applications, Information Technology, Intelligent Systems, Machine Vision, Manufacturing, Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems, Micro/Nano Technology, Modeling and Design, System Identification and Adaptive Control, Motion Control, Vibration and Noise Control, Neural and Fuzzy Control, Opto-Electronic Systems, Optomechatronics, Prototyping, Real-Time and Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation, Robotics, Sensors, System Integration, Transportation Systems, Smart Materials and Structures, Energy Harvesting and other frontier fields.


To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.

  • OCEANS 2018 MTS/IEEE Charleston

    Ocean, coastal, and atmospheric science and technology advances and applications

  • OCEANS 2017 - Anchorage

    Papers on ocean technology, exhibits from ocean equipment and service suppliers, student posters and student poster competition, tutorials on ocean technology, workshops and town meetings on policy and governmental process.

  • OCEANS 2016

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 500 technical papers and 150 -200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2015

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2014

    The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2013

    Three days of 8-10 tracks of technical sessions (400-450 papers) and concurent exhibition (150-250 exhibitors)

  • OCEANS 2012

    Ocean related technology. Tutorials and three days of technical sessions and exhibits. 8-12 parallel technical tracks.

  • OCEANS 2011

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2010

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2009

  • OCEANS 2008

    The Marine Technology Society (MTS) and the Oceanic Engineering Society (OES) of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) cosponsor a joint conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, education, and policy. Held annually in the fall, it has become a focal point for the ocean and marine community to meet, learn, and exhibit products and services. The conference includes technical sessions, workshops, student poster sessions, job fairs, tutorials and a large exhibit.

  • OCEANS 2007

  • OCEANS 2006

  • OCEANS 2005

  • OCEANS 2004

  • OCEANS 2003

  • OCEANS 2002

  • OCEANS 2001

  • OCEANS 2000

  • OCEANS '99

  • OCEANS '98

  • OCEANS '97

  • OCEANS '96

2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore

2019 IEEE 46th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and related science and technology

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Periodicals related to Force

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.

Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission

Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on

The theory, design and application of Control Systems. It shall encompass components, and the integration of these components, as are necessary for the construction of such systems. The word `systems' as used herein shall be interpreted to include physical, biological, organizational and other entities and combinations thereof, which can be represented through a mathematical symbolism. The Field of Interest: shall ...

Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...

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Most published Xplore authors for Force

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Xplore Articles related to Force

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Study on model free adaptive control of steering force for vertical drilling system

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Faculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China', u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'YunSheng Li', u'id': 37405717100}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Faculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China', u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'Aiguo Yao', u'id': 37411641100}] 2010 The 2nd International Conference on Computer and Automation Engineering (ICCAE), 2010

The method of model-free adaptive control has advantages in avoiding system identification, such as parameters of formations, and coupling, time-delay or non-linear process in drilling. This paper simulates the possible deviation of drilling by adjusting the sensor's posture, and analyzes the relationship contrastively, which is between sensor's inclination and the response of the steering force control law: When the inclination ...

A piezoelectric force/force-derivative sensor for robotic applications

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Ritsumeikan Univ., Kusatsu, Japan', u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'S.R. Pandian', u'id': 37283797700}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Ritsumeikan Univ., Kusatsu, Japan', u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'T. Okuda', u'id': 37342344300}, {u'author_order': 3, u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'Y. Mitani', u'id': 37350584600}, {u'author_order': 4, u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'K. Kurahashi', u'id': 37341523900}, {u'author_order': 5, u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'S. Kawamura', u'id': 37285328600}] SICE '95. Proceedings of the 34th SICE Annual Conference. International Session Papers, 1995

A shear-type piezoelectric sensor is used for sensing both force and force derivative signals. Compared to a conventional multilayer-type piezoelectric cell, it has advantages of simple structure, low drive voltage and light weight. The proposed sensor is used for contact force control of an one-degree of freedom robot manipulator, and the effectiveness of force derivative feedback control is demonstrated through ...

Investigation on Surface Forces Measurement Using Force-Balanced MEMS Sensor

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Mechanical Engineering School, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China.', u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'Jiang Li', u'id': 37292371400}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China', u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'Haosheng Chen', u'id': 37293459400}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China', u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'Yongjian Li', u'id': 37292400500}] 2006 1st IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, 2006

In order to avoid the displacement of the AFM cantilever in surface forces measurement, a force-balanced MEMS sensor is developed. The probe of the sensor is a pendulous micromachined sensing element, which can be considered as a pair of differential capacitors. When the sensor is designed as a closed- loop system, the electrostatic force feedback can balance the surface force ...

Observation of recorded tracks in Co-Cr media by magnetic force microscopy

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Philips Res. Lab., Eindhoven, Netherlands', u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'J.P.C. Bernards', u'id': 37323472400}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Philips Res. Lab., Eindhoven, Netherlands', u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'A.J. den Boef', u'id': 37370955300}] IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 1990

Tracks recorded on two Co-Cr layers having coercivities of 15 kA/m and 45 kA/m were investigated by magnetic force microscopy. Different wavelengths were recorded, corresponding to bit lengths between 0.125 and 0.5 mu m. In the case of the layer with the low coercivity, the bits in a track recorded with a wavelength of 0.5 mu m were obscured by ...

Fuzzy logic controller taning for a human-to-human force-reflecting teleoperation system

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'University of Waterloo', u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'Liya Ni', u'id': 38198209600}, {u'author_order': 2, u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'D.W.L. Wang', u'id': 37336160100}] The 2002 International Conference on Control and Automation, 2002. ICCA. Final Program and Book of Abstracts., 2002


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Educational Resources on Force

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No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Force"


  • The Ethics of Cyber Conflict

    This chapter contains sections titled:IntroductionCyber Warfare at the State LevelCyber Attacks by Nonstate ActorsActive Response and Hack BackConclusionsAcknowledgmentsReferences

  • Radio Propagation

    Radio wave propagation is a key topic for an in‐building wireless system designer, and has its foundations in electromagnetic theory principles. The existence of propagating electromagnetic waves can be predicted as a direct consequence of Maxwell's equations. Maxwell's curl equations contain constants of proportionality, which dictate the strengths of the fields. In free space, many types of waves can exist, which satisfy Maxwell's equations; that is constitute valid solutions. Amongst the most popular ones are spherical, cylindrical and plane waves. Maxwell's curl equations also dictate special behaviour when impinging on a material. The chapter discusses the median path loss, fast fading, shadowing (slow fading) and building penetration loss. A deep understanding of the propagation mechanisms that affect link performance is thus essential if path loss and/or signal strength is to be predicted inside buildings with reasonable accuracy.

  • A Review of Basic Electrostatics

    This introductory chapter provides a review of basic electrostatistics. It describes the terms charge, force, electric field and electric flux density, and explains Gauss's law. An ideal conductor of charge is a material in which the charge carriers are free to move about under the influence of electrostatic forces. The chapter also describes terms electric potential, gradient, capacitance, and energy in an electric field. Later, Poisson's and Laplace's equations are explained. The chapter provides three examples of dielectric interfaces. It shows how the electrical properties of dipoles can be examined without getting entangled in considerations of dielectric interfaces. The chapter ends with a discussion of approximate numerical analysis.

  • Electrical Breakdown in Gases

    This chapter discusses a short treatise on atomic collisions in gases and a description of Townsend's experiments in the early twentieth century. It presents the Paschen curve, and describes the predominant theories of spark formation. The chapter also discusses other breakdown phenomena, such as coronas and the hollow electrode carrier generation used in pseudosparks. Electrical breakdown occurs in a gas when a high‐conductivity channel is formed between cathode and anode. Before a study is made of the behavior of gases under the influence of an electric field, it is appropriate to review the basic principles of the kinetic theory of gases pertinent to gaseous ionization and breakdown. From there, the various concepts of ionic and electronic can be inferred. The chapter further discusses the efficient use of gaseous insulation with intershields. It concludes by discussing the important aspects of breakdown behavior in gaseous SF6.

  • Radio‐Controlled Improvised Explosive Devices


  • The Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation


  • Principles of Operation of Synchronous Machines

    This chapter introduces the rudiments of electricity and magnetism, quickly building up to a description of the basic laws of physics governing the operation of the synchronous electric machine, which is the type of machine to which all turbo‐generators belong. It presents the most elementary principles of operation of synchronous machines. The chapter describes the following three important laws of electromagnetism: Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction; Ampere‐Biot‐Savart's law of electromagnetic‐induced forces; and Lenz's Law of action and reaction. It presents a very elementary description of the stator winding arrangement to facilitate the understanding of the basic operation of the machine. The chapter shows the main elements of a three‐phase circuit. All electric power systems to which industrial generators are connected are three‐phase systems. The chapter describes the various forms of electrical‐mechanical equivalence.

  • Working with Confrontation and Conflict Negotiation

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Confrontation * How to Clear Obstacles Using Conflict Negotiation * Conflict Negotiation Rules

  • Mechanical and Thermal Design of Space Antennas


  • Current Collecting Systems, Protection Systems, and Auxiliary Services onboard Vehicles

    This chapter introduces the main devices installed onboard to ensure traction and complementary services. The devices include braking systems, electrochemical batteries, onboard protection systems, electrical power systems, compressed air production systems, and current collecting systems. Onboard protection systems are assigned to a main circuit breaker that is positioned immediately downstream of the current collecting system. Current collecting systems can be divided into two main families: systems based on overhead lines and pantographs, and systems based on third side rails and slippers. The auxiliary services onboard, depending on their power, can be supplied at different voltage levels. Electrochemical rechargeable batteries are of great importance in many electrical systems because they can store chemical energy that can be converted and sent whenever and wherever needed, in electrical form. Especially in railway systems, this kind of battery covers an important role, both for safety and for operations.

Standards related to Force

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(Replaced) IEEE Standard VHDL Language Reference Manual

his standard revises and enhances the VHDL language reference manual (LRM) by including a standard C language interface specification; specifications from previously separate, but related, standards IEEE Std 1164 -1993,1 IEEE Std 1076.2 -1996, and IEEE Std 1076.3-1997; and general language enhancements in the areas of design and verification of electronic systems.

IEEE Guide for the Measurement of Quasi-Static Magnetic and Electric Fields

This project describes measurement goals associated with characterizing quasi-static magnetic and electric fields, e.g. power frequency and other extremely low frequency fields, and available methods for accomplishing them. The guide should be used in conjunction with IEEE Std 1308-1994 (IEEE Recommended Practice for Instrumentation: Specifications for Magnetic Flux Density Meters - 10 Hz to 3 kHz), which defines terminology and ...

IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation, Application, Operation, and Maintenance of Dry-Type General Purpose Distribution and Power Transformers

Jobs related to Force

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