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In physics, a force is any influence that causes a free body to undergo a change in speed, a change in direction, or a change in shape. Force can also be described by intuitive concepts such as a push or pull that can cause an object with mass to change its velocity (which includes to begin moving from a state of rest), i.e. , to accelerate, or which can cause a flexible object to deform. (

Conferences related to Force

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2018 14th IEEE/ASME International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications (MESA)

The goal of the 14th ASME/IEEE MESA2018 is to bring together experts from the fields of mechatronic and embedded systems, disseminate the recent advances in the area, discuss future research directions, and exchange application experience. The main achievement of MESA2018 is to bring out and highlight the latest research results and developments in the IoT (Internet of Things) era in the field of mechatronics and embedded systems.

2018 15th International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC)

1. Advanced Motion Control2. Haptics, Robotics and Human-Machine Systems3. Micro/Nano Motion Control Systems4. Intelligent Motion Control Systems5. Nonlinear, Adaptive and Robust Control Systems6. Motion Systems for Robot Intelligence and Humanoid Robotics7. CPG based Feedback Control, Morphological Control8. Actuators and Sensors in Motion System9. Motion Control of Aerial/Ground/Underwater Robots10. Advanced Dynamics and Motion Control11. Motion Control for Assistive and Rehabilitative Robots and Systems12. Intelligent and Advanced Traffic Controls13. Computer Vision in Motion Control14. Network and Communication Technologies in Motion Control15. Motion Control of Soft Robots16. Automation Technologies in Primary Industries17. Other Topics and Applications Involving Motion Dynamics and Control

2018 16th International Conference on Megagauss Magnetic Field Generation and Related Topics (MEGAGAUSS)

The MG-XVI conference will take place between September 25-29, 2018 at the UTokyo Kashiwa Campus, near Tokyo, Japan. The MG XVI conference will serve as a platform for scientists to exchange information and ideas among the members of the international scientific community in the domain of generation and application of ultra-high magnetic fields, high-energy and high-current pulsed power physics and technology, magnetic-flux compression technologies for the production of multi-megagauss fields, high magnetic field applications in basic and applied research in solid-state physics, atomic physics and chemistry, high energy density physics and for other related and novel technical applications. The MG XVI conference encourages opportunities for a strong interaction and networking among experienced and young scientists, engineers, and students involved in this extremely interesting and unique research area.

2018 40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE

2018 IEEE 29th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC)

The Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC) is one of the premier conferences in the wireless research arena and has a long history of bringing together academia, industry and regulatory bodies. Today, it has become one of the IEEE Communication Society’s major conferences in wireless communications and networks. The topics cover the physical layer (PHY) and fundamentals of wireless communications, medium access control (MAC) and cross-layer design, mobile and wireless networks, as well as services, applications, and business.

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Periodicals related to Force

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.

Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission

Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on

The theory, design and application of Control Systems. It shall encompass components, and the integration of these components, as are necessary for the construction of such systems. The word `systems' as used herein shall be interpreted to include physical, biological, organizational and other entities and combinations thereof, which can be represented through a mathematical symbolism. The Field of Interest: shall ...

Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...

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Most published Xplore authors for Force

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Xplore Articles related to Force

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Biologically inspired swarm robotic network ensuring coverage and connectivity

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'University of Paderborn, Germany', u'full_name': u'Emi Mathews'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'University of Paderborn, Germany', u'full_name': u'Tobias Graf'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'University of Paderborn, Germany', u'full_name': u'K. S. S. B Kulathunga'}] 2012 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), None

Swarm robots provide greater flexibility and robust performance in tasks such as sensing and monitoring of unstructured and unpredictable environments. They need to self-deploy in these environments maximizing coverage and maintaining network connectivity for efficient operation. Inspired from nature, we design a new algorithm based on simple local rules, which achieves coverage and connectivity as an emergent property of the ...

Series pneumatic artificial muscles (sPAMs) and application to a soft continuum robot

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 USA', u'full_name': u'Joseph D. Greer'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 USA', u'full_name': u'Tania K. Morimoto'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 USA', u'full_name': u'Allison M. Okamura'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 USA', u'full_name': u'Elliot W. Hawkes'}] 2017 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), None

We describe a new series pneumatic artificial muscle (sPAM) and its application as an actuator for a soft continuum robot. The robot consists of three sPAMs arranged radially around a tubular pneumatic backbone. Analogous to tendons, the sPAMs exert a tension force on the robot's pneumatic backbone, causing bending that is approximately constant curvature. Unlike a traditional tendon driven continuum ...

A geometric approach to the investigation of the dynamics of constrained robotic systems

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Thomas Jefferson University/Medical Physics Division, Philadelphia, PA, USA', u'full_name': u'I. M. Buzurovic'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'University of Belgrade, School of Mechanical Engineering/Automatic Control Department, Belgrade, Serbia', u'full_name': u'D. Lj. Debeljkovic'}] IEEE 8th International Symposium on Intelligent Systems and Informatics, None

Medical-technical robotic systems are typical examples in which external contact forces on a system play an important role in the system dynamics. Mathematical modeling of these systems is challenging due to a variety of reasons. Mathematical models for the described class of systems contain differential equations with an associate algebraic equation, which outlines constrained system dynamics. Such a system is ...

Walking With aBackpack Using Load Distribution and Dynamic Load Compensation Reduces Metabolic Cost and Adaptations to Loads

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Robotics and Rehabilitation (ROAR) Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA', u'full_name': u'Joon-Hyuk Park'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Robotics and Rehabilitation (ROAR) Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA', u'full_name': u'Paul Stegall'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Robotics and Rehabilitation (ROAR) Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA', u'full_name': u'Haohan Zhang'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Robotics and Rehabilitation (ROAR) Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA', u'full_name': u'Sunil Agrawal'}] IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, 2017

In this study, we showed a way of reducing the metabolic cost of walking with a backpack using load distribution and dynamic load compensation, provided by a wearable upper body device. This device distributes the backpack load between the shoulders and the pelvis, senses the vertical motion of the pelvis, and provides gait synchronized compensatory forces to reduce the dynamic ...

Viscous fluid model-based non-rigid registration incorporating scale space keypoints

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., China, 200240', u'full_name': u'Xuesong Lu'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., China, 200240', u'full_name': u'Su Zhang'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., China, 200240', u'full_name': u'Wei Yang'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., China, 200240', u'full_name': u'Yazhu Chen'}] 2008 3rd International Conference on Intelligent System and Knowledge Engineering, None

Non-rigid registration of monomodal image often takes an important role in image-guided radiotherapy and surgery. Viscous fluid model is widely used to enforce the topological properties on the deformation, and thus constrain the enormous solution space. Intensity-based method is popular in non-rigid registration, but it is sensitive to intensity variations. In this paper, we develop a new algorithm integrating the ...

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Educational Resources on Force

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No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Force"


  • Magnetohydrodynamics Formulation

    Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) was originally applied mostly to astrophysics and geophysics. In MHD the motion of collective charged particles is described by an electrically conducting fluid with the usual fluid dynamic variables of velocity, density and pressure or temperature. The interactions of fluid dynamics and electromagnetics are exclusively derived from the magnetic flux density. This chapter presents a systematic derivation of the governing equations of MHD. The first and foremost assumption for MHD formulation is that the physical phenomena are describable by macroscopic scales or in the framework of continuum mechanics. The electromagnetic waves are compound waves for which the compression and rarefaction components can coexist and the direct consequence of the nonconvexity of the ideal MHD equations. The chapter discusses additional computational simulations to show the lack of detailed plasma composition that is required for determining electric conductivity of plasma in the MHD formulation.

  • Initial Standardization of Disruptive Innovations in Radiocommunication Technology in Consortia

    This chapter sketches a conceivable avenue in order to lower the hurdles weighing on innovative radiocommunication technologies that arise from European product and spectrum use regulations. To begin with, these regimes and their economic or political justifications will be succinctly described. This appraisal permits to contend that the central hurdle for innovative radiocommunication technologies in Europe is the gatekeeper function explicitly or implicitly assigned to ETSI by these regimes. Initial standardization efforts within consortia may be the practicable avenue alleviating the impediments weighing on disruptive innovations in radiocommunication technology.

  • Components, Connectors, and Connections

  • Principles of Electromechanical Conversion

    This chapter provides a basic understanding of rotating machines. It demonstrates the derivation of Faraday's law for rotating coils. One of the greatest uses of final energy from electricity is in mechanical form, whenever electricity feeds electric motors. In the chapter, electromechanical conversion is shown to be obtained using the principle of the translating bar, in which there is explicit interaction between the moving charge in the translating bar, and an external magnetic field produced by other means. It is, however, also possible to produce or absorb mechanical power using current that interacts with the field it produces. These cases are normally studied through use of magnetic circuit reluctance; in the chapter, the corresponding conversion is called reluctance-based electromechanical conversion.

  • Muscle Force and Myoelectric Manifestations of Muscle Fatigue in Voluntary and Electrically Elicited Contractions

    This chapter deals with the association between surface electromyography (sEMG) and force/fatigue and outlines this association, and the tools to study it. It considers myoelectric manifestations of muscle fatigue as investigation tools. The association between relative decrease of conduction velocity and relative decrease of spectral variables is based on the relations between conduction velocity and power spectrum and between fiber type and fiber size. Muscles are made of fibers which classified into three main types: slow oxidative fibers, fast oxidative glycolitic fibers, and fast glycolitic fibers. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), coefficient of variation (CoV), standard error of the mean (SEM), and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) are repeatability of sEMG measurements and fatigue indicators tools. The agreement between sEMG-based estimation of fatigue and perceived exertion, at least in isometric fatiguing contractions, is of considerable interest in occupational medicine.

  • Digital Forensics Laboratories in Operation

    This chapter looks at the operational side of digital forensics of multimedia data and devices in real-world digital forensics laboratories, especially those run by law enforcement. It provides insights about the operational aspect of digital forensic services and practices on multimedia data and devices. The chapter describes how multimedia data and devices are handled at the Met's Digital and Electronics Forensic Service (DEFS), with a particular focus on the DEFS's Audio-Video Laboratory (AV Lab) which is the main forensic laboratory handling multimedia data and devices. It describes different aspects of digital forensic practices on multimedia data and devices at the Digital Forensics Team of Surrey Police (UK) and at the Shanghai Stars Digital Forensic Center (China), respectively. It then talks about the three digital forensics laboratories, and compares digital forensics practices of the three laboratories to show common features and major differences.

  • Frequency Response Analysis Interpretation for Winding Deformation of Power Transformers

    This chapter presents an overview of the Frequency Response Analysis (FRA) technique, which is a diagnostic tool used primarily for identifying mechanical deformation of transformer windings and core. It further introduces international standards for FRA measurements and their interpretation schemes. The main standards on FRA interpretations are: The Electric Power Industry Standard of People's Republic of China (2005), CIGRE Technical Brochure 342, IEC 60076¿¿¿18, and IEEE Std. C57.149 (2013). Certain schemes have been practiced widely by utilities, while other schemes are proposed in the literature by researchers. Three case studies are presented, which use several schemes available to analyze the response. Finally, the chapter discusses non¿¿¿mechanical factors which are influential on FRA measurement. Although these factors are not the main focus in analyzing the response, it is interesting to understand how the factors could affect the measurement.

  • Magnetic Circuits

    This chapter serves as a brief review of electromagnetic fields as applied to electric machine design. Ampere's law forms the fundamental basis upon which all machine design begins. While often presented as a separate law to that of Biot and Savart, its basis is, in actuality, embedded in the definition of the magnetic field B. In the derivation of the differential form for Ampere's law, points within the material were specified and not points on the boundary, where an additional polarization current component, Km exists. Hence, for points on the boundary, the results obtained must be modified to take account of this current which results from a discontinuity in the magnetization vector M. Applications involving electric machine design allow for good approximate solutions to be obtained. The analysis procedure parallels that of DC circuits which are composed of series and parallel resistors.

  • Introduction

    This chapter briefly introduces background, motivation, and objectives of the research in design methods for fundamental systems, followed by the contribution and organization of this book. The principal goal in the book is to develop effective design methods for fundamental systems existing in advanced manufacturing, including novel robust design methods for both static and dynamic systems and robust design and control integration methods for the hybrid discrete/continuous system. Robust design for the static system minimizes the influence of uncertainty on steady-state performance. The probabilistic robust design approaches use probabilistic information of variables, usually their mean and variance, to minimize the sensitivities of the performance.

  • Implementing Change in a Changing World

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Standards related to Force

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(Replaced) IEEE Standard VHDL Language Reference Manual

his standard revises and enhances the VHDL language reference manual (LRM) by including a standard C language interface specification; specifications from previously separate, but related, standards IEEE Std 1164 -1993,1 IEEE Std 1076.2 -1996, and IEEE Std 1076.3-1997; and general language enhancements in the areas of design and verification of electronic systems.

IEEE Guide for the Measurement of Quasi-Static Magnetic and Electric Fields

This project describes measurement goals associated with characterizing quasi-static magnetic and electric fields, e.g. power frequency and other extremely low frequency fields, and available methods for accomplishing them. The guide should be used in conjunction with IEEE Std 1308-1994 (IEEE Recommended Practice for Instrumentation: Specifications for Magnetic Flux Density Meters - 10 Hz to 3 kHz), which defines terminology and ...

IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation, Application, Operation, and Maintenance of Dry-Type General Purpose Distribution and Power Transformers