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In physics, a force is any influence that causes a free body to undergo a change in speed, a change in direction, or a change in shape. Force can also be described by intuitive concepts such as a push or pull that can cause an object with mass to change its velocity (which includes to begin moving from a state of rest), i.e. , to accelerate, or which can cause a flexible object to deform. (

Conferences related to Force

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2018 14th IEEE/ASME International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications (MESA)

The goal of the 14th ASME/IEEE MESA2018 is to bring together experts from the fields of mechatronic and embedded systems, disseminate the recent advances in the area, discuss future research directions, and exchange application experience. The main achievement of MESA2018 is to bring out and highlight the latest research results and developments in the IoT (Internet of Things) era in the field of mechatronics and embedded systems.

2018 15th International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC)

1. Advanced Motion Control2. Haptics, Robotics and Human-Machine Systems3. Micro/Nano Motion Control Systems4. Intelligent Motion Control Systems5. Nonlinear, Adaptive and Robust Control Systems6. Motion Systems for Robot Intelligence and Humanoid Robotics7. CPG based Feedback Control, Morphological Control8. Actuators and Sensors in Motion System9. Motion Control of Aerial/Ground/Underwater Robots10. Advanced Dynamics and Motion Control11. Motion Control for Assistive and Rehabilitative Robots and Systems12. Intelligent and Advanced Traffic Controls13. Computer Vision in Motion Control14. Network and Communication Technologies in Motion Control15. Motion Control of Soft Robots16. Automation Technologies in Primary Industries17. Other Topics and Applications Involving Motion Dynamics and Control

2018 16th International Conference on Megagauss Magnetic Field Generation and Related Topics (MEGAGAUSS)

The MG-XVI conference will take place between September 25-29, 2018 at the UTokyo Kashiwa Campus, near Tokyo, Japan. The MG XVI conference will serve as a platform for scientists to exchange information and ideas among the members of the international scientific community in the domain of generation and application of ultra-high magnetic fields, high-energy and high-current pulsed power physics and technology, magnetic-flux compression technologies for the production of multi-megagauss fields, high magnetic field applications in basic and applied research in solid-state physics, atomic physics and chemistry, high energy density physics and for other related and novel technical applications. The MG XVI conference encourages opportunities for a strong interaction and networking among experienced and young scientists, engineers, and students involved in this extremely interesting and unique research area.

2018 40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE

2018 IEEE 29th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC)

The Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC) is one of the premier conferences in the wireless research arena and has a long history of bringing together academia, industry and regulatory bodies. Today, it has become one of the IEEE Communication Society’s major conferences in wireless communications and networks. The topics cover the physical layer (PHY) and fundamentals of wireless communications, medium access control (MAC) and cross-layer design, mobile and wireless networks, as well as services, applications, and business.

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Periodicals related to Force

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.

Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission

Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on

The theory, design and application of Control Systems. It shall encompass components, and the integration of these components, as are necessary for the construction of such systems. The word `systems' as used herein shall be interpreted to include physical, biological, organizational and other entities and combinations thereof, which can be represented through a mathematical symbolism. The Field of Interest: shall ...

Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...

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Most published Xplore authors for Force

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Xplore Articles related to Force

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Study on model free adaptive control of steering force for vertical drilling system

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Faculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China', u'full_name': u'YunSheng Li'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Faculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China', u'full_name': u'Aiguo Yao'}] 2010 The 2nd International Conference on Computer and Automation Engineering (ICCAE), 2010

The method of model-free adaptive control has advantages in avoiding system identification, such as parameters of formations, and coupling, time-delay or non-linear process in drilling. This paper simulates the possible deviation of drilling by adjusting the sensor's posture, and analyzes the relationship contrastively, which is between sensor's inclination and the response of the steering force control law: When the inclination ...

A piezoelectric force/force-derivative sensor for robotic applications

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Ritsumeikan Univ., Kusatsu, Japan', u'full_name': u'S.R. Pandian'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Ritsumeikan Univ., Kusatsu, Japan', u'full_name': u'T. Okuda'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'Y. Mitani'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'full_name': u'K. Kurahashi'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'full_name': u'S. Kawamura'}] SICE '95. Proceedings of the 34th SICE Annual Conference. International Session Papers, 1995

A shear-type piezoelectric sensor is used for sensing both force and force derivative signals. Compared to a conventional multilayer-type piezoelectric cell, it has advantages of simple structure, low drive voltage and light weight. The proposed sensor is used for contact force control of an one-degree of freedom robot manipulator, and the effectiveness of force derivative feedback control is demonstrated through ...

Investigation on Surface Forces Measurement Using Force-Balanced MEMS Sensor

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Mechanical Engineering School, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China.', u'full_name': u'Jiang Li'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China', u'full_name': u'Haosheng Chen'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China', u'full_name': u'Yongjian Li'}] 2006 1st IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, 2006

In order to avoid the displacement of the AFM cantilever in surface forces measurement, a force-balanced MEMS sensor is developed. The probe of the sensor is a pendulous micromachined sensing element, which can be considered as a pair of differential capacitors. When the sensor is designed as a closed- loop system, the electrostatic force feedback can balance the surface force ...

Observation of recorded tracks in Co-Cr media by magnetic force microscopy

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Philips Res. Lab., Eindhoven, Netherlands', u'full_name': u'J.P.C. Bernards'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Philips Res. Lab., Eindhoven, Netherlands', u'full_name': u'A.J. den Boef'}] IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 1990

Tracks recorded on two Co-Cr layers having coercivities of 15 kA/m and 45 kA/m were investigated by magnetic force microscopy. Different wavelengths were recorded, corresponding to bit lengths between 0.125 and 0.5 mu m. In the case of the layer with the low coercivity, the bits in a track recorded with a wavelength of 0.5 mu m were obscured by ...

Fuzzy logic controller taning for a human-to-human force-reflecting teleoperation system

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'University of Waterloo', u'full_name': u'Liya Ni'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'D.W.L. Wang'}] The 2002 International Conference on Control and Automation, 2002. ICCA. Final Program and Book of Abstracts., 2002


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Educational Resources on Force

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No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Force"


  • MIMO Radar: Concepts, Performance Enhancements, and Applications - This work was sponsored by the United States Air Force under United States Air Force Contract FA872105C0002. Opinions, interpretations, conclusions, and recommendations are those of the authors and are not necessarily endorsed by the United States government.

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * Notation * MIMO Radar Virtual Aperture * MIMO Radar in Clutter-Free Environments * Optimality of MIMO Radar for Detection * MIMO Radar with Moving Targets in Clutter: GMTI Radars * Summary * Appendix 2A A Localization Principle * Appendix 2B Bounds on_R_(_N_) * Appendix 2C An Operator Norm Inequality * Appendix 2D Negligible Terms * Appendix 2E Bound on Eigenvalues * Appendix 2F Some Inner Products * Appendix 2G An Invariant Inner Product * Appendix 2H Kr��necker and Tensor Products * Acknowledgments * References

  • Force and Torque

    In this chapter, an energy-based approach to the calculation of force and torque is set forth. Two variations of the approach are considered. In the first variation a macroscopic view of the device is taken. The second variation of the approach views the device microscopically. The chapter focuses on the evaluation of an expression for the energy in the coupling field. Once an expression for field energy has been derived an expression for force is readily obtained. The chapter considers the more common case where flux linkage is expressed as a function of current and position. It also shows that the co-energy provides a useful vehicle in the calculation of force. The chapter also considers a microscopic device view in which the flux linkage equations need not be explicitly formulated. This approach facilitates the calculation of force or torque when using magnetic equivalent circuit analysis.

  • Physiology of Muscle Activation and Force Generation

    This chapter describes the physiology of muscle activation and force generation. It discusses the anatomy of the final common pathway from the nervous system to muscle, the electrical properties of motor neurons and muscle fibers, and the contractile properties of muscle fibers and motor units. The chapter presents the concept of motor unit types and the control of muscle force by modulating the recruitment and rate coding of motor unit activity. The muscle unit comprises the muscle fibers innervated by a single motor neuron and corresponds to the peripheral element of the motor unit. The combinations of motor unit recruitment and rate coding that contribute to the actions performed by a muscle vary across its operating range, which requires caution when interpreting details about the activation signal from surface EMG recordings. EMG recordings of muscle fiber action potentials provide information about the activation of motor neurons.

  • Force of Nature

    No abstract.

  • Generalized MIMO Radar Ambiguity Functions - This work is sponsored in part under Air Force Contract FA872105C0002. Opinions, interpretations, recommendations, and conclusions are those of the authors and are not necessarily endorsed by the United States government.

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * Background * MIMO Signal Model * MIMO Parametric Channel Model * MIMO Ambiguity Function * Results and Examples * Conclusion * References


    It is not being suggested that we should design the strategy in our own image. Rather it should be matched to the capacities and weakness of the computer. The computer is strong in speed and accuracy and weak in analytical abilities and recognition. Hence, it should make more use of brutal calculation than humans.

  • Muscle Force and Myoelectric Manifestations of Muscle Fatigue in Voluntary and Electrically Elicited Contractions

    This chapter deals with the association between surface electromyography (sEMG) and force/fatigue and outlines this association, and the tools to study it. It considers myoelectric manifestations of muscle fatigue as investigation tools. The association between relative decrease of conduction velocity and relative decrease of spectral variables is based on the relations between conduction velocity and power spectrum and between fiber type and fiber size. Muscles are made of fibers which classified into three main types: slow oxidative fibers, fast oxidative glycolitic fibers, and fast glycolitic fibers. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), coefficient of variation (CoV), standard error of the mean (SEM), and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) are repeatability of sEMG measurements and fatigue indicators tools. The agreement between sEMG-based estimation of fatigue and perceived exertion, at least in isometric fatiguing contractions, is of considerable interest in occupational medicine.

  • Designing Social Force: Control for Collective Behavior of Learning Individuals

    This paper explores methods for controlling the collective behavior of learning individuals (e.g., robots, agents) to achieve goals at the collective level while these individuals pursue their own goals at the individual level. Toward this enormous goal, we start by categorizing the four levels for controlling individuals in ternis of both direct and indirect control, and then investigate the results at each control level to clarify the extent to which degree we should force the learning individuals to achieve goals at the collective level

  • Work, Volume, Force

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Problems ]]>

  • Magnetic Force

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Magnetic Flux Line Plots * Magnetic Energy * Magnetic Force on Steel * Magnetic Pressure on Steel * Lorentz Force * Permanent Magnets * Magnetic Torque * Problems * References

Standards related to Force

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(Replaced) IEEE Standard VHDL Language Reference Manual

his standard revises and enhances the VHDL language reference manual (LRM) by including a standard C language interface specification; specifications from previously separate, but related, standards IEEE Std 1164 -1993,1 IEEE Std 1076.2 -1996, and IEEE Std 1076.3-1997; and general language enhancements in the areas of design and verification of electronic systems.

IEEE Guide for the Measurement of Quasi-Static Magnetic and Electric Fields

This project describes measurement goals associated with characterizing quasi-static magnetic and electric fields, e.g. power frequency and other extremely low frequency fields, and available methods for accomplishing them. The guide should be used in conjunction with IEEE Std 1308-1994 (IEEE Recommended Practice for Instrumentation: Specifications for Magnetic Flux Density Meters - 10 Hz to 3 kHz), which defines terminology and ...

IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation, Application, Operation, and Maintenance of Dry-Type General Purpose Distribution and Power Transformers

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