Force

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In physics, a force is any influence that causes a free body to undergo a change in speed, a change in direction, or a change in shape. Force can also be described by intuitive concepts such as a push or pull that can cause an object with mass to change its velocity (which includes to begin moving from a state of rest), i.e. , to accelerate, or which can cause a flexible object to deform. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Force

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2018 14th IEEE/ASME International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications (MESA)

The goal of the 14th ASME/IEEE MESA2018 is to bring together experts from the fields of mechatronic and embedded systems, disseminate the recent advances in the area, discuss future research directions, and exchange application experience. The main achievement of MESA2018 is to bring out and highlight the latest research results and developments in the IoT (Internet of Things) era in the field of mechatronics and embedded systems.


2018 15th International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC)

1. Advanced Motion Control2. Haptics, Robotics and Human-Machine Systems3. Micro/Nano Motion Control Systems4. Intelligent Motion Control Systems5. Nonlinear, Adaptive and Robust Control Systems6. Motion Systems for Robot Intelligence and Humanoid Robotics7. CPG based Feedback Control, Morphological Control8. Actuators and Sensors in Motion System9. Motion Control of Aerial/Ground/Underwater Robots10. Advanced Dynamics and Motion Control11. Motion Control for Assistive and Rehabilitative Robots and Systems12. Intelligent and Advanced Traffic Controls13. Computer Vision in Motion Control14. Network and Communication Technologies in Motion Control15. Motion Control of Soft Robots16. Automation Technologies in Primary Industries17. Other Topics and Applications Involving Motion Dynamics and Control


2018 16th International Conference on Megagauss Magnetic Field Generation and Related Topics (MEGAGAUSS)

The MG-XVI conference will take place between September 25-29, 2018 at the UTokyo Kashiwa Campus, near Tokyo, Japan. The MG XVI conference will serve as a platform for scientists to exchange information and ideas among the members of the international scientific community in the domain of generation and application of ultra-high magnetic fields, high-energy and high-current pulsed power physics and technology, magnetic-flux compression technologies for the production of multi-megagauss fields, high magnetic field applications in basic and applied research in solid-state physics, atomic physics and chemistry, high energy density physics and for other related and novel technical applications. The MG XVI conference encourages opportunities for a strong interaction and networking among experienced and young scientists, engineers, and students involved in this extremely interesting and unique research area.


2018 40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE


2018 IEEE 29th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC)

The Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC) is one of the premier conferences in the wireless research arena and has a long history of bringing together academia, industry and regulatory bodies. Today, it has become one of the IEEE Communication Society’s major conferences in wireless communications and networks. The topics cover the physical layer (PHY) and fundamentals of wireless communications, medium access control (MAC) and cross-layer design, mobile and wireless networks, as well as services, applications, and business.


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Periodicals related to Force

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on

The theory, design and application of Control Systems. It shall encompass components, and the integration of these components, as are necessary for the construction of such systems. The word `systems' as used herein shall be interpreted to include physical, biological, organizational and other entities and combinations thereof, which can be represented through a mathematical symbolism. The Field of Interest: shall ...


Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


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Most published Xplore authors for Force

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Xplore Articles related to Force

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Incremental kinesthetic teaching of end-effector and null-space motion primitives

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Automatic Control Engineering, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany', u'full_name': u'Matteo Saveriano'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Automatic Control Engineering, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany', u'full_name': u'Sang-ik An'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Automatic Control Engineering, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany', u'full_name': u'Dongheui Lee'}] 2015 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), None

In this paper, we propose a unified approach to teach and iteratively refine both end-effector and null-space movements. Hence, the robot can be taught to make use of all its degrees-of-freedom (DoF) to adapt its behavior to new dynamic scenarios. In order to achieve this goal we propose an incremental learning approach in a framework of kinesthetic teaching based on ...


Scanrom, a novel non-volatile memory cell storing 9 bits

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, Belgium', u'full_name': u'M. Rosmeulen'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, Belgium', u'full_name': u'J. Van Houdt'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, Belgium', u'full_name': u'L. Haspeslagh'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, Belgium', u'full_name': u'K. De Meyer'}] Digest of Technical Papers. 2004 Symposium on VLSI Technology, 2004., None

We present a novel non-volatile memory cell based on a dual-gate transistor with an ONO charge-trapping dielectric underneath the drain-side gate. Multiple bits are stored along the width of the device. By contacting the gates from both sides and applying an appropriate bias difference to each, the individual bits are addressed for both reading and writing. We experimentally demonstrate reading ...


Demonstration of Active Vibration Control on a Stirling-Cycle Cryocooler Testbed

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'SatCon Technology Corporation, 12 Emily Street, Cambridge, MA 02139', u'full_name': u'Bruce G. Johnson'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'SatCon Technology Corporation, 12 Emily Street, Cambridge, MA 02139', u'full_name': u'Frederick J. Flynn'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'SatCon Technology Corporation, 12 Emily Street, Cambridge, MA 02139', u'full_name': u'Monique S. Gaffney'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109', u'full_name': u'Dean L. Johnson'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109', u'full_name': u'Ronald G. Ross'}] 1992 American Control Conference, None

SatCon Technology Corporation has demonstrated excellent vibration reduction performance using active control on the JPL Stirling-cycle cryocooler testbed. This paper addresses the use of classical narrow-band feedback control to meet the cryocooler vibration specifications using one cryocooler in a self- cancellation configuration. Similar vibration reduction performance was obtained using a cryocooler back-to-back configuration by actively controlling a reaction mass actuator ...


An input-output stability analysis of a fuzzy controller for a missile autopilot's yaw axis

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Sch. of Electr. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA', u'full_name': u'S. S. Farinwata'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Sch. of Electr. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA', u'full_name': u'D. Pirovolou'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Sch. of Electr. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA', u'full_name': u'G. J. Vachtsevanos'}] Proceedings of 1994 IEEE 3rd International Fuzzy Systems Conference, None

This paper develops an input-output stability analysis on the basis of the rules, and the control input values generated by the fuzzy controller for each "cell partition" of the phase plane. It is assumed that the rule-base has been designed for a linear plant whose approximate model is available. Furthermore, the rules may have been derived using the operator manual-type ...


Simplifying Telerobotics: Wearability and Teleimpedance Improves Human-Robot Interactions in Teleoperation

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Enrico Piaggio Research Center, University of Pisa, Pisa, 56122, Italy', u'full_name': u'Simone Fani'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Enrico Piaggio Research Center, University of Pisa, Pisa, 56122, Italy', u'full_name': u'Simone Ciotti'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Department of Advanced Robotics, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, 16163, Italy', u'full_name': u'Manuel G. Catalano'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Department of Advanced Robotics, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, 16163, Italy', u'full_name': u'Giorgio Grioli'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Enrico Piaggio Research Center, University of Pisa, Pisa, 56122, Italy', u'full_name': u'Alessandro Tognetti'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'Enrico Piaggio Research Center, University of Pisa, Pisa, 56122, Italy', u'full_name': u'Gaetano Valenza'}, {u'author_order': 7, u'affiliation': u'Department of Advanced Robotics, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, 16163, Italy', u'full_name': u'Arash Ajoudani'}, {u'author_order': 8, u'affiliation': u'Enrico Piaggio Research Center, University of Pisa, Pisa, 56122, Italy', u'full_name': u'Matteo Bianchi'}] IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine, 2018

In recent years, wearability has become a new fundamental requirement for an effective and lightweight design of human-robot interfaces. Among the different application fields, robotic teleoperation represents the ideal scenario that can largely benefit from wearability to reduce constraints to the human workspace (acting as a master) and enable an intuitive and simplified information exchange within the teleoperator system. This ...


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Educational Resources on Force

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eLearning

No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Force"

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Regulations for Spectrum Sharing in the USA

    The regulation of spectrum in the United States is managed by two independent agencies: the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, who is responsible for spectrum used by US government agencies such as the Department of Defense and the National Weather Service, and the Federal Communications Commission, who is responsible for all non‐federal spectrum. Both agencies are mandated by law to maximize the efficient use of spectrum, and toward that end, both agencies are working to share underutilized spectrum to the greatest extent possible. This chapter will explore various initiatives by these two agencies to achieve this objective, both independently and in cooperation.

  • Electrical Breakdown in Gases

    This chapter discusses a short treatise on atomic collisions in gases and a description of Townsend's experiments in the early twentieth century. It presents the Paschen curve, and describes the predominant theories of spark formation. The chapter also discusses other breakdown phenomena, such as coronas and the hollow electrode carrier generation used in pseudosparks. Electrical breakdown occurs in a gas when a high¿¿¿conductivity channel is formed between cathode and anode. Before a study is made of the behavior of gases under the influence of an electric field, it is appropriate to review the basic principles of the kinetic theory of gases pertinent to gaseous ionization and breakdown. From there, the various concepts of ionic and electronic can be inferred. The chapter further discusses the efficient use of gaseous insulation with intershields. It concludes by discussing the important aspects of breakdown behavior in gaseous SF6.

  • Valves and Actuators

    This chapter discusses the various types of isolation and control valves utilized in an electric generation facility. It describes the difference between a valve, a valve actuator, and a valve positioner. Valves are used in a facility for both control and isolation purposes. The valve is the final control device that controls the flow of material through the piping system. The simplest valve actuators are manual operators such as hand wheels or chains. The constraint with manual operators is that the person controlling the valve position must be local to the valve operator. There are various types of valves utilized in industry and the type of valve defines the type of actuator required to control the valve position. There are many types of valves used in the power generation facility. Each valve design has unique advantages and disadvantages that define the best application for that particular valve design.

  • Motors

    This chapter discusses the basic design and construction of motors and reviews some of the safety requirements when dealing with motor circuits and their associated loads. Electric motors convert electrical energy to mechanical energy to perform work. Motors are a very important element in the operation of the auxiliary systems that support power plant operations. For example, in nuclear power plants that are of a pressurized water reactor (PWR) design, the primary coolant is circulated between the reactor vessel and the steam generator by a reactor cooling pump (RCP). This is a critical function performed by electric motors. The National Electrical Safety Code (NESC) requires some minimum safety precautions when dealing with motor circuits and the loads connected to the motors. The induction motor is constructed with a stationary winding (the armature) that is installed in slots of a stationary core (stator).

  • Lorentz-Force Actuator

    This chapter discusses the remote energy deposition through plasma injection or a microwave beam, and the resulting stagnation point heat transfer mitigation. An outstanding feature of plasma in an extremely strong externally applied magnetic field is that the magnetic lines are frozen in charged particle motion. An idealized upper theoretical limit for stagnation point heat transfer mitigation is demonstrated by Gaitonde and Poggie by solving the MHD equations with a value of electric conductivity determined by a square power-law dependence to local temperature. The computational results produce only the periodic electrostatic force of the direct current discharge (DBD), which is the driving mechanism of the electric wind, but the experimental data are the measured resultant force through the interaction of the charged and neutral particles. A numerical simulation of micro jets will definitely open a new avenue for research into enhancing combustion stability, plasma-assisted ignition, and wound pathologies.

  • Cyber‐Physical Systems and National Security Concerns

    A set of international legal rules, known as _jus ad bellum_ (Latin for "right to war"), provide a framework for determining whether an attack against a nation‐state was unlawful and whether it is permissible for the target state to respond with self‐defense. Over the past decade, legal scholars and government officials have struggled to determine how to apply _jus ad bellum_ to attacks on computer systems. This chapter extends that analysis to attacks on cyber‐physical systems and concludes that although cyber‐physical systems present new national security challenges, the _jus ad bellum_ analysis applies just as easily to cyber‐physical attacks as it does to attacks on computer systems and purely physical targets.

  • Movement-Related Cortical Potentials and Their Application in Brain-Computer Interfacing

    Brain¿¿-¿¿computer interface (BCI) systems aim at providing a nonmuscular communication and control channel to patients with severe disabilities or at promoting neuroplasticity. Motor imagery is the most common approach to producing electroencephalogram (EEG) changes in EEG-based BCI research. This chapter discusses an alternative approach for distinguishing movement-related parameters, such as speed, for the same imagined task. This approach provides a more intuitive way of control for the user and increases the potential number of commands. The chapter explains a series of studies that analyze the characteristics of movement-related cortical potentials (MRCPs), and explores their potential application to BCI. It describes the characteristics of MRCPs and how these characteristics are modulated by movement parameters, such as speed and torque. It also discusses these results from the viewpoint of applying MRCPs generated during imagined movements of the same joint as control signals for BCIs.

  • Implementing Change in a Changing World

    No abstract.

  • Basic Thermal Cycles

    This chapter discusses the basic Brayton and Rankine thermodynamic process. It utilizes the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) steam tables which list properties of water and steam in United States customary units; so the discussion of thermodynamics utilizes United States customary units. Most methods of energy conversion involve the conversion of one form of energy to thermal energy, and generation stations use water and steam as a media to transmit this thermal energy from one part of the system to another where it is then converted to mechanical energy. This mechanical energy is used to drive a generator which converts the mechanical energy to electrical energy. Since water and steam are one of the most common methods used for the thermal part of this energy conversion process, a review of steam fundamentals and basic thermodynamic laws along with the typical types of equipment used in this process is essential.

  • Dispersion and Anisotropic Media

    There are four major mechanisms of producing the dipole moment in a material. The electronic polarization ae, expressed by the polarizability, is caused by a slight displacement of electrons surrounding positively charged atomic nuclei under the influence of the field E, forming a dipole. The atomic polarization aa is caused by displacement of differently charged atoms with respect to each other. The dipole polarization ad, also called the orientation polarization, is caused by the change of orientation of equivalent dipoles in a medium. Polarizations ae, aa, and ad are due to the locally bound charges in the atoms or molecules. The fourth polarization, as, is called the space charge or interfacial polarization. This chapter discusses the dispersion properties of these polarizations, and the Clausius‐Mossotti formula, relating the dielectric constant to the polarizability. It considers the characteristics of a plane wave propagating in an anisotropic medium.



Standards related to Force

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(Replaced) IEEE Standard VHDL Language Reference Manual

his standard revises and enhances the VHDL language reference manual (LRM) by including a standard C language interface specification; specifications from previously separate, but related, standards IEEE Std 1164 -1993,1 IEEE Std 1076.2 -1996, and IEEE Std 1076.3-1997; and general language enhancements in the areas of design and verification of electronic systems.


IEEE Guide for the Measurement of Quasi-Static Magnetic and Electric Fields

This project describes measurement goals associated with characterizing quasi-static magnetic and electric fields, e.g. power frequency and other extremely low frequency fields, and available methods for accomplishing them. The guide should be used in conjunction with IEEE Std 1308-1994 (IEEE Recommended Practice for Instrumentation: Specifications for Magnetic Flux Density Meters - 10 Hz to 3 kHz), which defines terminology and ...


IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation, Application, Operation, and Maintenance of Dry-Type General Purpose Distribution and Power Transformers