Force

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In physics, a force is any influence that causes a free body to undergo a change in speed, a change in direction, or a change in shape. Force can also be described by intuitive concepts such as a push or pull that can cause an object with mass to change its velocity (which includes to begin moving from a state of rest), i.e. , to accelerate, or which can cause a flexible object to deform. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Force

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2014 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2014)

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  • 2013 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2013)

    Papers are solicited in all related areas in robotics and intelligent systems. Proposals for tutorials and workshops, as well as organized/special sessions are also welcome to address the emerging areas and innovative applications of new technologies.

  • 2012 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2012)

    The 2012 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2012) will be held in Vilamoura-Algarve, Portugal, during October 7-11, 2012. The theme of the conference will be Robotics for Quality of Life and Sustainable Development. Papers are solicited in all related areas in robotics and intelligent systems. Proposals for tutorials and workshops, as well as organized/special sessions are also welcome to address the emerging areas and innovative applications of new technologies.

  • 2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2011)

    The 2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2011) will be held in San Francisco, California, USA, during September 25-30, 2011. The theme of the conference will be Human- Centered Robotics, and its format will feature innovations in the form of interactive multimedia presentations and special-topic symposia celebrating 50 years of robotics.

  • 2010 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2010)

    Papers are solicited in all related areas in robotics and intelligent systems. Proposals and tutorials and workshops, as well as organized/special sessions are also welcome to address the emerging areas and innovative applications of new technologies.

  • 2009 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2009)

    Papers are solicited in all related areas in robotics and intelligent systems. Proposals for tutorials and workshops, as well as organized/special sessions are also welcome to address the emerging areas and innovative applications of new technologies.

  • 2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2008)

    IROS 2008 serves as an international forum for robotics researchers to discuss and exchange their ideas on technical problems and their solutions. Conference includes technical presentations, tutorials and workshops, exhibits, posters, competitions, plenary session, and panel discussions.

  • 2007 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2007)

  • 2006 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2006)


2013 5th International Conference on Games and Virtual Worlds for Serious Applications (VS-GAMES)

The development and deployment of games with a purpose beyond entertainment and with considerable connotations with more serious aims is an exciting area with immense academic but also commercial potential. This potential presents both immediate opportunities but also numerous significant challenges to the interested parties involved, as a result of the relatively recent emergence and popularity of the medium. The VS Games 2013 conference aims to address this variety of relevant contemporary challenges that the increasingly cross-disciplinary communities involved in serious games are currently facing. This will be achieved by, amongst other ways, the comprehensive dissemination of successful case studies and development practices, the sharing of theories, conceptual frameworks and methodologies and, finally, the discussion of evaluation approaches and their resulting studies.

  • 2011 3rd International Conference on Games and Virtual Worlds for Serious Applications (VS-GAMES 2011)

    The third International Conference in Games and Virtual Worlds for Serious Applications (2011) aims to meet the significant challenges of the cross-disciplinary community that work around these serious application areas by bringing the community together to share case studies of practice, to present virtual world infrastructure developments, as well as new frameworks.

  • 2010 2nd International Conference on Games and Virtual Worlds for Serious Applications (VS-GAMES 2010)

    The use of virtual worlds and games for serious applications has emerged as a dominating force in training, education and simulation due to the focus on creating compelling interactive environments at reduced costs by adopting commodity technologies commonly associated with the entertainment industries. This field is informed by theories, methods, applications and the state-of-the-art in a number of areas based on technological principles and innovation, advances in games design, pedagogic methodologies and


2013 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE 2013)

IEEE CASE is the flagship conference of IEEE Robotics and Automation Society. The conference aims to bring together researchers in automation from both industry and academia, together with industrial practitioners, to present and discuss the latest advances and developments in automation science and engineering.

  • 2012 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE 2012)

    The goal of IEEE CASE is the broad coverage and dissemination of foundational research in automation among researchers, academics, and industry practitioners. The focus is on scientific methods for automated machines and systems operating in structured environments over long periods, and also on the explicit structuring of environments.

  • 2011 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE 2011)

    The goal of IEEE CASE is for coverage and dissemination of foundational research on Automation. The focus of CASE 2011 is ICT in Automation and Management , dealing with the promising applications of ICT in the automation and management of different systems, including manufacturing, logistics, healthcare systems and disaster management.

  • 2010 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE 2010)

    This conference emphasizes the partnership, connection, and synergy between industrial applications (including semiconductor manufacturing, life science automation, aerospace automation, renewable energy, biomedical systems, and micro and nano systems) and algorithmic and analytic foundation (planning, scheduling, manipulation, sensing and localization, and application domains).

  • 2009 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE 2009)

    Foundational and application oriented research in the area of automation with focus on (a) Life Sciences and Healthcare (b) Manufacturing (c) Sensors (b) Knowledge based Automation

  • 2008 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE 2008)

    The goal of IEEE CASE is for broad coverage and dissemination of foundationalresearch on Automation: scientific methods for machines and systems operating in structured environmentsover long periods, and for the explicit structuring of environments. IEEE CASE covers the abstractions,algorithms, theories, methodologies, models, systems, and case studies that can be applied across industries tosignificantly advance efficiency, quality, productivity, and reliability for society. Particularly, we seek a widepar

  • 2007 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE 2007)

    The goal of IEEE CASE is for broad coverage and dissemination of foundational research on Automation: scientific methods for machines and systems operating in structured environments over long periods, and for the explicit structing of environments. IEEE CASE covers the abstractions, algorithms, theories, methodologies, models, systems, and case studies that can be applied across industries to significantly advance efficiency, quality, productivity, and reliability for society.


2012 12th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC)

Bring together researchers active in the field of advanced motion control to discuss current development and future perspectives in motion control technology.

  • 2010 11th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC)

    AMC2010-Nagaoka is the eleventh in a series of biennial workshops that brings together researchers active in the field of advanced motion control to discuss current developments and future perspectives on motion control technology.

  • 2008 10th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC)

    "AMC 2008" Trento is the tenth in a series of biennial workshops that brings together researchers active in the field of advanced motion control to discuss current development and future perspectives in motion control technology. The workshop will be held in Trento, Italy, at the Congress Center "Santa Chiara", on March 26-28, 2008.

  • 2006 9th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC)


2012 IEEE Fifth International Conference on Advanced Computational Intelligence (ICACI)

ICACI 2012 (formerly IWACI) aims to provide a high-level international forum for scientists, engineers, and educators to present the state of the art of research and applications in computational intelligence. The conference will feature plenary speeches given by world renowned scholars, regular sessions with broad coverage, and special sessions focusing on popular topics. The proceedings of ICACI 2012 will be published by the IEEE and included by EI Compendex. The conference will favor papers representing advanced theories and innovative applications in computational intelligence.


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Periodicals related to Force

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on

Theory and applications of industrial electronics and control instrumentation science and engineering, including microprocessor control systems, high-power controls, process control, programmable controllers, numerical and program control systems, flow meters, and identification systems.


Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on

Measurements and instrumentation utilizing electrical and electronic techniques.


Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on

Science and technology related to the basic physics and engineering of magnetism, magnetic materials, applied magnetics, magnetic devices, and magnetic data storage. The Transactions publishes scholarly articles of archival value as well as tutorial expositions and critical reviews of classical subjects and topics of current interest.


Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Rehabilitation aspects of biomedical engineering, including functional electrical stimulation, acoustic dynamics, human performance measurement and analysis, nerve stimulation, electromyography, motor control and stimulation, and hardware and software applications for rehabilitation engineering and assistive devices.




Xplore Articles related to Force

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Position-Error Based Schemes for Bilateral Teleoperation with Time Delay: Theory and Experiments

Ilia Polushin; Peter X. Liu; Chung-horng Lung; Gia Dien On 2006 International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, 2006

The problem of stable bilateral teleoperation with position error based force feedback in presence of time-varying possibly unbounded communication delay is addressed. Two stabilization schemes are proposed that guarantee "independent of delay" stability of the teleoperator system. In particular, one of the schemes theoretically allows to achieve an arbitrary high force-reflection gain which leads to better transparency without sacrificing the ...


Experimental verification of radial force control for a PMSM self-bearing motor drive

Sheng-Ming Yang; Chia-Wei Chou IECON 2011 - 37th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 2011

This paper presents a radial force control scheme for self-bearing operation of a surface permanent magnet synchronous motor. The control scheme is based on a self-bearing motor which consists of separate torque and suspension windings. Torque winding produces rotational torque, and the suspension winding produces radial force for rotor levitation. Calculated winding currents are combined internally in the controller. Thus, ...


Study on monitoring the dynamic spatial-temporal change of bamboo resources in Shunchang based on remote sensing technology

Fengying Guan; Shaohui Fan 2011 International Conference on Remote Sensing, Environment and Transportation Engineering, 2011

In this paper, TM remote sensing images of 1988, 1992 and 2007 and ETM + remote sensing images of 2001 were used, together with topographic maps, DEM, land usage map, forest resource distribution map, ground investigation and other materials. A study on the dynamic change characteristics of bamboo resources in Shunchang, Fujian from 1988 to 2007 was developed and GIS ...


Dynamic analysis in variable structure position/force hybrid control of manipulators

A. Azenha; J. A. Tenreiro Machado 1997 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. Computational Cybernetics and Simulation, 1997

The article studies the implementation of a variable structure algorithm in the position/force hybrid control of robotic manipulators. The robustness and performance of the system are analysed in terms of time responses and limit cycle occurrence. Also considered is the stability limit relative to different system operating points and the adoption of multirate sampling frequencies


Tele-control electrical vehicle system using wave variables

M. Boukhnifer; A. Chaibet; T. Azib; C. Larouci International Multi-Conference on Systems, Sygnals & Devices, 2012

In this paper, a design of the tele-control electrical vehicle system with time delay is presented using passivity approach. We showed that the application of wave variable formalism allows the stability of the system in spite of the communication delays and scaling factors between the operator and the electrical vehicle. Conditions of the passivity are given in order to ensure ...


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Educational Resources on Force

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eLearning

Position-Error Based Schemes for Bilateral Teleoperation with Time Delay: Theory and Experiments

Ilia Polushin; Peter X. Liu; Chung-horng Lung; Gia Dien On 2006 International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, 2006

The problem of stable bilateral teleoperation with position error based force feedback in presence of time-varying possibly unbounded communication delay is addressed. Two stabilization schemes are proposed that guarantee "independent of delay" stability of the teleoperator system. In particular, one of the schemes theoretically allows to achieve an arbitrary high force-reflection gain which leads to better transparency without sacrificing the ...


Experimental verification of radial force control for a PMSM self-bearing motor drive

Sheng-Ming Yang; Chia-Wei Chou IECON 2011 - 37th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 2011

This paper presents a radial force control scheme for self-bearing operation of a surface permanent magnet synchronous motor. The control scheme is based on a self-bearing motor which consists of separate torque and suspension windings. Torque winding produces rotational torque, and the suspension winding produces radial force for rotor levitation. Calculated winding currents are combined internally in the controller. Thus, ...


Study on monitoring the dynamic spatial-temporal change of bamboo resources in Shunchang based on remote sensing technology

Fengying Guan; Shaohui Fan 2011 International Conference on Remote Sensing, Environment and Transportation Engineering, 2011

In this paper, TM remote sensing images of 1988, 1992 and 2007 and ETM + remote sensing images of 2001 were used, together with topographic maps, DEM, land usage map, forest resource distribution map, ground investigation and other materials. A study on the dynamic change characteristics of bamboo resources in Shunchang, Fujian from 1988 to 2007 was developed and GIS ...


Dynamic analysis in variable structure position/force hybrid control of manipulators

A. Azenha; J. A. Tenreiro Machado 1997 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. Computational Cybernetics and Simulation, 1997

The article studies the implementation of a variable structure algorithm in the position/force hybrid control of robotic manipulators. The robustness and performance of the system are analysed in terms of time responses and limit cycle occurrence. Also considered is the stability limit relative to different system operating points and the adoption of multirate sampling frequencies


Tele-control electrical vehicle system using wave variables

M. Boukhnifer; A. Chaibet; T. Azib; C. Larouci International Multi-Conference on Systems, Sygnals & Devices, 2012

In this paper, a design of the tele-control electrical vehicle system with time delay is presented using passivity approach. We showed that the application of wave variable formalism allows the stability of the system in spite of the communication delays and scaling factors between the operator and the electrical vehicle. Conditions of the passivity are given in order to ensure ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Lyapunov Stability Theory

    Foundations of Robotics presents the fundamental concepts and methodologies for the analysis, design, and control of robot manipulators. It explains the physical meaning of the concepts and equations used, and it provides, in an intuitively clear way, the necessary background in kinetics, linear algebra, and control theory. Illustrative examples appear throughout.The author begins by discussing typical robot manipulator mechanisms and their controllers. He then devotes three chapters to the analysis of robot manipulator mechanisms. He covers the kinematics of robot manipulators, describing the motion of manipulator links and objects related to manipulation. A chapter on dynamics includes the derivation of the dynamic equations of motion, their use for control and simulation and the identification of inertial parameters. The final chapter develops the concept of manipulability.The second half focuses on the control of robot manipulators. Various position-control algorithms that guide the manipulator's end effector along a desired trajectory are described Two typical methods used to control the contact force between the end effector and its environments are detailed For manipulators with redundant degrees of freedom, a technique to develop control algorithms for active utilization of the redundancy is described. Appendixes give compact reviews of the function atan2, pseudo inverses, singular-value decomposition, and Lyapunov stability theory.Tsuneo Yoshikawa teaches in the Division of Applied Systems Science in Kyoto University's Faculty of Engineering.

  • Solutions to Selected Exercises

    Foundations of Robotics presents the fundamental concepts and methodologies for the analysis, design, and control of robot manipulators. It explains the physical meaning of the concepts and equations used, and it provides, in an intuitively clear way, the necessary background in kinetics, linear algebra, and control theory. Illustrative examples appear throughout.The author begins by discussing typical robot manipulator mechanisms and their controllers. He then devotes three chapters to the analysis of robot manipulator mechanisms. He covers the kinematics of robot manipulators, describing the motion of manipulator links and objects related to manipulation. A chapter on dynamics includes the derivation of the dynamic equations of motion, their use for control and simulation and the identification of inertial parameters. The final chapter develops the concept of manipulability.The second half focuses on the control of robot manipulators. Various position-control algorithms that guide the manipulator's end effector along a desired trajectory are described Two typical methods used to control the contact force between the end effector and its environments are detailed For manipulators with redundant degrees of freedom, a technique to develop control algorithms for active utilization of the redundancy is described. Appendixes give compact reviews of the function atan2, pseudo inverses, singular-value decomposition, and Lyapunov stability theory.Tsuneo Yoshikawa teaches in the Division of Applied Systems Science in Kyoto University's Faculty of Engineering.

  • Magnetic Actuators Operated by Alternating Current

    This chapter contains sections titled: Skin Depth Power Losses in Steel Force Pulsations Cuts in Steel Problems References

  • Index

    Foundations of Robotics presents the fundamental concepts and methodologies for the analysis, design, and control of robot manipulators. It explains the physical meaning of the concepts and equations used, and it provides, in an intuitively clear way, the necessary background in kinetics, linear algebra, and control theory. Illustrative examples appear throughout.The author begins by discussing typical robot manipulator mechanisms and their controllers. He then devotes three chapters to the analysis of robot manipulator mechanisms. He covers the kinematics of robot manipulators, describing the motion of manipulator links and objects related to manipulation. A chapter on dynamics includes the derivation of the dynamic equations of motion, their use for control and simulation and the identification of inertial parameters. The final chapter develops the concept of manipulability.The second half focuses on the control of robot manipulators. Various position-control algorithms that guide the manipulator's end effector along a desired trajectory are described Two typical methods used to control the contact force between the end effector and its environments are detailed For manipulators with redundant degrees of freedom, a technique to develop control algorithms for active utilization of the redundancy is described. Appendixes give compact reviews of the function atan2, pseudo inverses, singular-value decomposition, and Lyapunov stability theory.Tsuneo Yoshikawa teaches in the Division of Applied Systems Science in Kyoto University's Faculty of Engineering.

  • Reducing Prejudice: A Spatialized Game-Theoretic Model for the Contact Hypothesis

    There are many social psychological theories regarding the nature of prejudice, but only one major theory of prejudice reduction: under the right circumstances, prejudice between groups will be reduced with increased contact. On the one hand, the contact hypothesis has a range of empirical support and has been a major force in social change. On the other hand, there are practical and ethical obstacles to any large-scale controlled test of the hypothesis in which relevant variables can be manipulated. Here we construct a spatialized model that tests the core hypothesis in a large array of game- theoretic agents. Robust results show that prejudicial strategies flourish in a segregated environment but are eliminated in an integrated environment. We take this to offer a new kind of support for the contact hypothesis. The model also suggests a deeper gametheoretic explanation for some of the social phenomena at issue.

  • Lean Reserves

    This chapter discusses the types, uses and limitations of both physical and virtual resource reserves in the context of cloud computing. Reserve capacity is an increment of capacity above the forecast working capacity that is held online to mitigate risks to assure that user demand can be served with acceptable latency and overall quality. Reserve capacity should be significantly greater than peak demand to mitigate the risk of failures, extreme surges in demand, and so on. Reserve capacity is typically expressed as a percentage of capacity above forecast mean demand. Reserve capacity is used to mitigate an ensemble of unforeseen circumstances including random demand peaks, component or resource failure, infrastructure element failure, infrastructure resource curtailment or demand management action, demand exceeding forecast, lead time demand and catastrophic failures and force majeure events. The ideal level of reserve capacity is considered separately as normal reserve and emergency reserve.

  • Magnetic Actuator Transient Operation

    This chapter contains sections titled: Basic Timeline Size, Force, and Acceleration Linear Magnetic Diffusion Times Nonlinear Magnetic Diffusion Time Problems References

  • No title

    <p>This is the first comprehensive history of human-computer interaction (HCI). Whether you are a user experience professional or an academic researcher, whether you identify with computer science, human factors, information systems, information science, design, or communication, you can discover how your experiences fit into the expanding field of HCI. You can determine where to look for relevant information in other fields--and where you won't find it.</p><p>This book describes the different fields that have participated in improving our digital tools. It is organized chronologically, describing major developments across fields in each period. Computer use has changed radically, but many underlying forces are constant. Technology has changed rapidly, human nature very little. An irresistible force meets an immovable object. The exponential rate of technological change gives us little time to react before technology moves on. Patterns and trajec ories described in this book provide your best chance to anticipate what could come next.</p><p>We have reached a turning point. Tools that we built for ourselves to use are increasingly influencing how we use them, in ways that are planned and sometimes unplanned. The book ends with issues worthy of consideration as we explore the new world that we and our digital partners are shaping.</p>

  • Advances in Climbing Robots

    This chapter presents a comprehensive survey of the adhesion mechanisms and locomotion techniques used in climbing robots. It highlights some representative climbing robots with most successful implementation of climbing robot technologies. Some innovative ideas and emerging technologies for climbing robots are also introduced. The chapter classifies the adhesion mechanism into six categories and summarizes their advantages and limitations. The future research and development directions of climbing robots will mainly focus on the improvement of adhesion reliability and locomotion maneuverability, and the transformation of these innovative technologies into real-world applications. For any climbing robot to be used as a commercial product, reliability is the most critical and determining factor for commercial success. No matter what adhesion mechanism is used, it must be able to supply the necessary attraction force for the robot to operate on targeted wall surfaces reliably at all times.

  • Designing Social Force: Control for Collective Behavior of Learning Individuals

    This paper explores methods for controlling the collective behavior of learning individuals (e.g., robots, agents) to achieve goals at the collective level while these individuals pursue their own goals at the individual level. Toward this enormous goal, we start by categorizing the four levels for controlling individuals in ternis of both direct and indirect control, and then investigate the results at each control level to clarify the extent to which degree we should force the learning individuals to achieve goals at the collective level



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