Conferences related to Electrodes

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2016 IEEE 66th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

premier components, packaging and technology conference

  • 2019 IEEE 69th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

    premier components, packaging and technology conference

  • 2017 IEEE 67th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

    premier components, packaging and technology conference

  • 2014 IEEE 64th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

    Premier components, packaging and technology

  • 2013 IEEE 63rd Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

    premier components, packaging and technology conference

  • 2012 IEEE 62nd Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

    ECTC is the premier international electronics symposium that brings together the best in packaging, components and microelectronic systems science, technology and education in an environment of cooperation and technical exchange.

  • 2011 IEEE 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

    ECTC is the premier international electronics symposium that brings together the best in packaging, components and microelectronic systems science, technology and education in an environment of cooperation and technical exchange.

  • 2010 IEEE 60th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC 2010)

    ECTC is the premier international electronics symposium that brings together the best in packaging, components and microelectronic systems science, technology and education in an environment of cooperation and technical exchange.

  • 2009 IEEE 59th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC 2009)

    Advanced packaging, electronic components & RF, emerging technologies, materials & processing, manufacturing technology, interconnections, quality & reliability, modeling & simulation, optoelectronics.


2011 International Workshop on Dielectric Thin Films for Future ULSI Devices: Science and Technology (IWDTF)

The IWDTF2011 will focus on the science and technologies of gate dielectric films for MOS and memory devices, such as ultrathin SiO2, SiON, high-k gate dielectrics, and ferroelectric films. The topics on other technologies involved in the advanced gate stacks, including metal gate electrodes and high-mobility channel materials, will also be discussed.


2010 XIVth International Conference on Electrical Bioimpedance and the 11th Conference on Biomedical Applications of EIT (ICEBI)

Bioimpedance Theory and Modeling Electrical Impedance Tomography Clinical Applications Tissue and Organ Impedance Skin and Epithelial Impedance Electrodes and Instrumentation Body Composition and Tissue Fluid Content Magnetic Induction Tomography Magnetic Resonance Electrical Impedance Tomography Advanced Bioimpedance Technologies Bioimpedance Analysis Cells, Cell Cultures and Suspensions Plant Tissue Impedance


2009 6th International Symposium on Advanced Gate Stack Technology (ISAGST)

This year s Symposium provides a forum for semiconductor industry professionals, researchers, and academia to discuss strategies for implementing high-k and metal gate stack technology into memory (flash, DRAM) and logic (high performance, low standby power) for 22nm node and beyond. Stacks for advanced high-mobility channels will also be discussed including InGaAs, Graphene and Ge. The Symposium will include developments in functional stacks including stacks for mechanical (MEMS)


2007 International Symposium on Advanced Gate Stack Technology (ISAGST) (Formerly IWGST)

This conference will provide a forum for researchers from semiconductor industry and universities to discuss advanced gate stack related topics through invited and contributed presentations. The program will include speakers from all areas of science and technology in advanced gate stack.



Periodicals related to Electrodes

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Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on

Science and technology related to the basic physics and engineering of magnetism, magnetic materials, applied magnetics, magnetic devices, and magnetic data storage. The Transactions publishes scholarly articles of archival value as well as tutorial expositions and critical reviews of classical subjects and topics of current interest.




Xplore Articles related to Electrodes

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pH Sensing Characteristics of Extended-Gate Field-Effect Transistor Based on Al-Doped ZnO Nanostructures Hydrothermally Synthesized at Low Temperatures

Po-Yu Yang; Jyh-Liang Wang; Po-Chun Chiu; Jung-Chuan Chou; Cheng-Wei Chen; Hung-Hsien Li; Huang-Chung Cheng IEEE Electron Device Letters, 2011

The pH sensing properties of an extended-gate field-effect transistor (EGFET) with Al-doped ZnO (AZO) nanostructures are investigated. The AZO nanostructures with different Al dosages were synthesized on AZO/glass substrate via a simple hydrothermal growth method at 85°C . The pH sensing characteristics of pH-EGFET sensors with an Al dosage of 1.98 at% can exhibit a higher voltage sensitivity of 57.95 ...


Electrical and Photosensivity Characteristics of Hybrid/Composite ZnO Nanorod Transistors

Shi-Ming Peng; Yan-Kuin Su; Liang-Wen Ji IEEE Electron Device Letters, 2011

This letter shows the bottom-contact-type transistors with free-standing ZnO NR arrays that were fabricated by hydrothermal decomposition. The NR arrays were selectively grown in the channel layer between the source and drain electrodes in order to enhance the electrical characteristics of the hybrid/composite NR transistors. The on/off current ratio and mobility of hybrid/composite NR transistors (3.98 × 105; 0.66 cm2*V-1*s-1) ...


Lumped modeling of a novel RF MEMS double-disk resonator system

C. Grinde; K. H. Nygaard; J. Due-Hansen; T. A. Fjeldly 2009 Symposium on Design, Test, Integration & Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS, 2009

We present the design and modeling of a novel RF MEMS device using vertically coupled disk resonators. Analytic models have been developed describing the frequency separation, and expressions for parameter extraction for use in equivalent circuits. The models have been verified using a finite element analysis.


Performance of Foil Supported Electrode System and Plans for Improvement

M. J. Neumann IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 1971

In a previous communication the advantages and the performance of foil supported wires for counter arrays were described, and we hinted at rate limitations caused by voltage drop in the resistive foil. The non-uniform material properties which are never quite ruled out initially and often develop under irradiation, particle bombardment etc. - at least on the surface of organic foils, ...


Direct measurement of carrier profiles in operating sub-30-nm N-MOSFETs

H. Fukutome; Y. Momiyama; E. Yoshida; M. Okuno; T. Itakura; T. Aoyama IEEE InternationalElectron Devices Meeting, 2005. IEDM Technical Digest., 2005

We directly evaluated the carrier profile in an operating sub-30-nm n-MOSFET for the first time. The revealed channel profile, including the halo implant covered by the depletion layer, was utilized to increase the n-MOSFET current to 870 muA/mum Idsat at 100 nA/mum Ioff for Vdd = 1 V at Lpoly = 26 nm


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Educational Resources on Electrodes

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eLearning

pH Sensing Characteristics of Extended-Gate Field-Effect Transistor Based on Al-Doped ZnO Nanostructures Hydrothermally Synthesized at Low Temperatures

Po-Yu Yang; Jyh-Liang Wang; Po-Chun Chiu; Jung-Chuan Chou; Cheng-Wei Chen; Hung-Hsien Li; Huang-Chung Cheng IEEE Electron Device Letters, 2011

The pH sensing properties of an extended-gate field-effect transistor (EGFET) with Al-doped ZnO (AZO) nanostructures are investigated. The AZO nanostructures with different Al dosages were synthesized on AZO/glass substrate via a simple hydrothermal growth method at 85°C . The pH sensing characteristics of pH-EGFET sensors with an Al dosage of 1.98 at% can exhibit a higher voltage sensitivity of 57.95 ...


Electrical and Photosensivity Characteristics of Hybrid/Composite ZnO Nanorod Transistors

Shi-Ming Peng; Yan-Kuin Su; Liang-Wen Ji IEEE Electron Device Letters, 2011

This letter shows the bottom-contact-type transistors with free-standing ZnO NR arrays that were fabricated by hydrothermal decomposition. The NR arrays were selectively grown in the channel layer between the source and drain electrodes in order to enhance the electrical characteristics of the hybrid/composite NR transistors. The on/off current ratio and mobility of hybrid/composite NR transistors (3.98 × 105; 0.66 cm2*V-1*s-1) ...


Lumped modeling of a novel RF MEMS double-disk resonator system

C. Grinde; K. H. Nygaard; J. Due-Hansen; T. A. Fjeldly 2009 Symposium on Design, Test, Integration & Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS, 2009

We present the design and modeling of a novel RF MEMS device using vertically coupled disk resonators. Analytic models have been developed describing the frequency separation, and expressions for parameter extraction for use in equivalent circuits. The models have been verified using a finite element analysis.


Performance of Foil Supported Electrode System and Plans for Improvement

M. J. Neumann IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 1971

In a previous communication the advantages and the performance of foil supported wires for counter arrays were described, and we hinted at rate limitations caused by voltage drop in the resistive foil. The non-uniform material properties which are never quite ruled out initially and often develop under irradiation, particle bombardment etc. - at least on the surface of organic foils, ...


Direct measurement of carrier profiles in operating sub-30-nm N-MOSFETs

H. Fukutome; Y. Momiyama; E. Yoshida; M. Okuno; T. Itakura; T. Aoyama IEEE InternationalElectron Devices Meeting, 2005. IEDM Technical Digest., 2005

We directly evaluated the carrier profile in an operating sub-30-nm n-MOSFET for the first time. The revealed channel profile, including the halo implant covered by the depletion layer, was utilized to increase the n-MOSFET current to 870 muA/mum Idsat at 100 nA/mum Ioff for Vdd = 1 V at Lpoly = 26 nm


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Grounding Methods for Electric Supply and Communications Facilities

    This chapter contains sections titled: Purpose Scope Point of Connection of Grounding Conductor Grounding Conductor and Means of Connection Grounding Electrodes Method of Connection to Electrode Ground Resistance Requirements Separation of Grounding Conductors Not Used Additional Requirements for Communication Apparatus

  • ENG Recording Amplifier Configurations for Tripolar Cuff Electrodes

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Cuff Electrode Description and Signal Characteristics Interference Reduction and Cuff Electrode Parameters Tripole Cuff Amplifiers Comparison of Configurations Future Trends References

  • CMOS Capacitive Biointerfaces for Lab-on-Chip Applications

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction On - Chip Sensing Electrodes Capacitive Biochemical Methods Capacitive Interface Circuits Microfluidic Packaging Conclusion References

  • Controlling Prostheses Using PNS Invasive Interfaces for Amputees

    Several attempts have been made to enhance the control of highly sensorized prostheses. One of the main goals is to create a bidirectional link between the prosthesis and the nervous system. Several approaches based on noninvasive and invasive interfaces have been developed and tested. Among these, interfaces with the peripheral nervous system (PNS), especially longitudinal intrafascicular electrodes (LIFEs), seem to be a promising solution. This chapter presents the potential and the limits of these interfaces for the control of prosthetic devices. It reviews the state of the art of artificial hand control based on the use of invasive interfaces with the PNS. Decoding algorithms represent a critical step for electroneurographic (ENG)-based hand prosthesis control. Algorithms have been mainly developed for the closed-loop control of functional electrical stimulation (FES) systems. Several techniques have been developed to provide noninvasive tactile or proprioceptive information to the amputees.

  • EMG of Electrically Stimulated Muscles

    This chapter addresses stimulation techniques, the issue of the stimulation electrode positioning, motor unit (MU) activation order, and spinal involvement in electrically elicited contractions. Two stimulation techniques are commonly used: bipolar, and monopolar stimulation. The differences between these two methods concern the geometry and relative position of the stimulation electrodes. Surface electromyography (sEMG) signals can be detected during selective electrical stimulation of a nerve branch or of a motor point of a muscle. The resultant sEMG signal is a compound motor action potential (CMAP), also termed as M-wave. Since the M-wave represents the sum of the potentials of the concurrently activated MUs, its change is generally assumed to reflect changes either in the number or in the sarcolemmal properties of activated MUs. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) combined with sEMG isolates the contributions of peripheral fatigue because it gives the experimenter control of MU firing frequency and recruitment.

  • MetalGaAs Interaction and Contact Degradation in Microwave MESFETs

    This work reports and critically reviews failure mechanisms induced by metal- GaAs interaction and contact degradation in low and medium power GaAs MESFETs in the framework of a comprehensive reliability evaluation test plan, performed mainly on commercially purchased devices manufactured by different technologies. The results show that, at least as regards contact degradation phenomena, these technologies have reached sufficient maturity, and significant reliability levels have been achieved even for the most severe applications and environments. Devices coming from some suppliers still suffer from reliability problems, such as sinking of Au-based gate metallization into the active channel, Al electromigration, Al/GaAs interdiffusion enhanced by high contact current density, source and drain ohmic contact resistance increase, ohmic contacts electromigration, surface metal migration and short circuiting of closely spaced electrodes on GaAs with a non-suitable surface preparation and/or passivation. All these failure mechanisms have been identified by means of suitable microanalytical techniques, correlated with device electrical degradation and thoroughly discussed in this paper by comparison with results previously reported in the technical literature.

  • Methods for Noninvasive Electroencephalogram Detection

    The electroencephalogram (EEG) provides a noninvasive way to record and analyze brain functions in real time. For brain - computer interfaces (BCIs), slow waves, evoked potentials, and activation in the alpha, beta, and gamma bands are used. When a real-time biosignal processing system is confi gured, several influencing components have to be considered. This chapter discusses EEG electrodes and electrode placement, lists possible sources of noise and artifacts, and explains how to avoid them. It explains the properties of biosignal amplifiers and analog-to-digital conversion. It also discusses possibilities for host computers and processing environments. Finally, examples of brain - computer interface (BCI) systems are given for rehabilitation and for brain mapping.

  • Surface EMG Decomposition

    This chapter provides an overview of surface EMG decomposition techniques, along with their basic assumptions, properties, and limitations. Surface electrodes measure the electrical activity of several nearby muscle fibers that are active during a muscle contraction. The electrical activity of each fiber can be described by a single fiber action potential (SFAP) that propagates from the neuromuscular junction towards the tendons. There is large diversity of decomposition techniques that can roughly be categorized either as template matching or latent component analysis (blind source separation) approaches. Decomposition of surface EMG is a powerful tool enabling noninvasive insight not only into muscle control strategies, but also into peripheral muscle properties. It provides unambiguous information on physiological parameters of individual motor units that can easily be interpreted. The identification of motor units (MUs) discharge patterns from surface EMG signals, acquired during dynamic muscle contractions, needs to be addressed.

  • Noninvasive Estimates of Local Field Potentials for Brain-Computer Interfaces

    Recent experiments have shown the possibility of using the brain electrical activity to directly control the movement of robots or prosthetic devices in real time. Such neuroprostheses can be invasive or noninvasive, depending on how the brain signals are recorded. In principle, invasive approaches will provide a more natural and flexible control of neuroprostheses, but their use in humans is debatable given the inherent medical risks. Noninvasive approaches mainly use scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) signals and their main disadvantage is that these signals represent the noisy spatiotemporal overlapping of activity arising from very diverse brain regions, that is, a single scalp electrode picks up and mixes the temporal activity of myriad neurons at very different brain areas. To combine the benefits of both approaches, we propose to rely on the noninvasive estimation of local field potentials (eLFP) in the whole human brain from the scalp-measured EEG data using a recently developed inverse solution (ELECTRA) to the EEG inverse problem. The goal of a linear inverse procedure is to deconvolve or unmix the scalp signals attributing to each brain area its own temporal activity. To illustrate the advantage of this approach, we compare, using identical sets of spectral features, classification of rapid voluntary finger self-tapping with left and right hands based on scalp EEG and eLFP on three subjects using different numbers of electrodes. It is shown that the eLFP-based Gaussian classifier outperforms the EEG-based Gaussian classifier for the three subjects.

  • References

    Interest in developing an effective communication interface connecting the human brain and a computer has grown rapidly over the past decade. The brain- computer interface (BCI) would allow humans to operate computers, wheelchairs, prostheses, and other devices, using brain signals only. BCI research may someday provide a communication channel for patients with severe physical disabilities but intact cognitive functions, a working tool in computational neuroscience that contributes to a better understanding of the brain, and a novel independent interface for human-machine communication that offers new options for monitoring and control. This volume presents a timely overview of the latest BCI research, with contributions from many of the important research groups in the field. The book covers a broad range of topics, describing work on both noninvasive (that is, without the implantation of electrodes) and invasive approaches. Other chapters discuss relevant techniques from machine learning and signal processing, existing software for BCI, and possible applications of BCI research in the real world. Guido Dornhege is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Intelligent Data Analysis Group at the Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Architecture and Software Technology in Berlin. Josï¿¿ï¿¿ del R. Millï¿¿ï¿¿n is a Senior Researcher at the IDIAP Research Institute in Martigny, Switzerland, and Adjunct Professor at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne. Thilo Hinterberger is with the Institute of Medical Psychology at the University of Tï¿¿ï¿¿bingen and is a Senior Researcher at the University of Northampton. Dennis J. McFarland is a Research Scientist with the Laboratory of Nervous System Disorders, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health. Klaus-Robert Mï¿ ¿ï¿¿ller is Head of the Intelligent Data Analysis group at the Fraunhofer Institute and Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the Technical University of Berlin.



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