Conferences related to Electrodes

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2017 IEEE 67th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

premier components, packaging and technology conference

  • 2019 IEEE 69th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

    premier components, packaging and technology conference

  • 2016 IEEE 66th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

    premier components, packaging and technology conference

  • 2014 IEEE 64th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

    Premier components, packaging and technology

  • 2013 IEEE 63rd Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

    premier components, packaging and technology conference

  • 2012 IEEE 62nd Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

    ECTC is the premier international electronics symposium that brings together the best in packaging, components and microelectronic systems science, technology and education in an environment of cooperation and technical exchange.

  • 2011 IEEE 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

    ECTC is the premier international electronics symposium that brings together the best in packaging, components and microelectronic systems science, technology and education in an environment of cooperation and technical exchange.

  • 2010 IEEE 60th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC 2010)

    ECTC is the premier international electronics symposium that brings together the best in packaging, components and microelectronic systems science, technology and education in an environment of cooperation and technical exchange.

  • 2009 IEEE 59th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC 2009)

    Advanced packaging, electronic components & RF, emerging technologies, materials & processing, manufacturing technology, interconnections, quality & reliability, modeling & simulation, optoelectronics.


2011 International Workshop on Dielectric Thin Films for Future ULSI Devices: Science and Technology (IWDTF)

The IWDTF2011 will focus on the science and technologies of gate dielectric films for MOS and memory devices, such as ultrathin SiO2, SiON, high-k gate dielectrics, and ferroelectric films. The topics on other technologies involved in the advanced gate stacks, including metal gate electrodes and high-mobility channel materials, will also be discussed.


2010 XIVth International Conference on Electrical Bioimpedance and the 11th Conference on Biomedical Applications of EIT (ICEBI)

Bioimpedance Theory and Modeling Electrical Impedance Tomography Clinical Applications Tissue and Organ Impedance Skin and Epithelial Impedance Electrodes and Instrumentation Body Composition and Tissue Fluid Content Magnetic Induction Tomography Magnetic Resonance Electrical Impedance Tomography Advanced Bioimpedance Technologies Bioimpedance Analysis Cells, Cell Cultures and Suspensions Plant Tissue Impedance


2009 6th International Symposium on Advanced Gate Stack Technology (ISAGST)

This year s Symposium provides a forum for semiconductor industry professionals, researchers, and academia to discuss strategies for implementing high-k and metal gate stack technology into memory (flash, DRAM) and logic (high performance, low standby power) for 22nm node and beyond. Stacks for advanced high-mobility channels will also be discussed including InGaAs, Graphene and Ge. The Symposium will include developments in functional stacks including stacks for mechanical (MEMS)


2007 International Symposium on Advanced Gate Stack Technology (ISAGST) (Formerly IWGST)

This conference will provide a forum for researchers from semiconductor industry and universities to discuss advanced gate stack related topics through invited and contributed presentations. The program will include speakers from all areas of science and technology in advanced gate stack.



Periodicals related to Electrodes

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Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on

Science and technology related to the basic physics and engineering of magnetism, magnetic materials, applied magnetics, magnetic devices, and magnetic data storage. The Transactions publishes scholarly articles of archival value as well as tutorial expositions and critical reviews of classical subjects and topics of current interest.



Most published Xplore authors for Electrodes

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Xplore Articles related to Electrodes

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A brain controlled wheelchair based on common spatial pattern

Yanyan Xie; Xiaoou Li 2015 International Symposium on Bioelectronics and Bioinformatics (ISBB), 2015

This paper was proposed for the feature extraction problem in Brain Computer Interface (BCI) which was based on the motor imagery. Common Spatial Pattern (CSP) was used to extract useful features from the Electroencephalograph (EEG) signals. Firstly, a preprocessing step was applied to remove noises. Secondly, CSP was used to analyze with EEG signals. Support Vector Machine (SVM) was investigated ...


Neutron detection with a GEM

Se-Hwan Park; Yong Kyun Kim; Sang Mook Kang; Jang-Ho Ha; J. K. Kim IEEE Symposium Conference Record Nuclear Science 2004., 2004

Since GEM was introduced, it has been developed in many application areas. We have developed the neutron detector with GEM coated with the converting foil. The neutron efficiency of a foil was calculated with MCNP and TRIM. The neutron efficiency of multi GEM foils was also calculated. The boron compound was coated on the drift plate, and the neutron was ...


Non-uniform field breakdown characteristics of SF<inf>6</inf>/CF<inf>4</inf> mixtures at various pressures

Heo-Gyung Sung; Cheong-Ho Hwang; Nam-Ryul Kim; Chang-Su Huh 2008 International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Diagnosis, 2008

The breakdown and the corona inception voltages experiments of SF6/CF4 mixtures in non-uniform field were performed. The experiments were carried out under AC, positive and negative standard lightning impulse (SLI) voltages. The point-plane electrode was used to make non-uniform field and gap distance was 3 mm. SF6/CF4 mixtures pressure ranged from 0.1 to 0.5 MPa and the percentage of SF6 ...


Optimal orientations of lithium niobate for resonator SAW filters

N. Naumenko; B. Abbott IEEE Symposium on Ultrasonics, 2003, 2003

A criterion of simultaneous minimization of propagation loss at resonant and antiresonant frequencies, previously developed for optimization of rotated Y-cuts of LiTaO3 (LT) used in resonator SAW devices, is applied to rotated Y-cuts of LiNbO3 (LN). The optimal angle versus thickness dependence was determined for periodic gratings with Al, Cu, and Au electrodes. The main characteristics of LSAW, such as ...


Dielectric properties of water and water/ethylene glycol mixtures for use in pulsed power system design

M. Zahn; Y. Ohki; D. B. Fenneman; R. J. Gripshover; V. H. Gehman Proceedings of the IEEE, 1986

One class of modern pulse power generators use deionized water as an energy storage, switching and transmission dielectric. Water is chosen for its high dielectric constant and relatively high resistivity, which allows reasonably sized and efficient low-impedance high-voltage pulse lines where pulse durations are less than 100 µs. Water/ethylene glycol mixtures are being researched, so that rotating machinery, rather than ...


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Educational Resources on Electrodes

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eLearning

A brain controlled wheelchair based on common spatial pattern

Yanyan Xie; Xiaoou Li 2015 International Symposium on Bioelectronics and Bioinformatics (ISBB), 2015

This paper was proposed for the feature extraction problem in Brain Computer Interface (BCI) which was based on the motor imagery. Common Spatial Pattern (CSP) was used to extract useful features from the Electroencephalograph (EEG) signals. Firstly, a preprocessing step was applied to remove noises. Secondly, CSP was used to analyze with EEG signals. Support Vector Machine (SVM) was investigated ...


Neutron detection with a GEM

Se-Hwan Park; Yong Kyun Kim; Sang Mook Kang; Jang-Ho Ha; J. K. Kim IEEE Symposium Conference Record Nuclear Science 2004., 2004

Since GEM was introduced, it has been developed in many application areas. We have developed the neutron detector with GEM coated with the converting foil. The neutron efficiency of a foil was calculated with MCNP and TRIM. The neutron efficiency of multi GEM foils was also calculated. The boron compound was coated on the drift plate, and the neutron was ...


Non-uniform field breakdown characteristics of SF<inf>6</inf>/CF<inf>4</inf> mixtures at various pressures

Heo-Gyung Sung; Cheong-Ho Hwang; Nam-Ryul Kim; Chang-Su Huh 2008 International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Diagnosis, 2008

The breakdown and the corona inception voltages experiments of SF6/CF4 mixtures in non-uniform field were performed. The experiments were carried out under AC, positive and negative standard lightning impulse (SLI) voltages. The point-plane electrode was used to make non-uniform field and gap distance was 3 mm. SF6/CF4 mixtures pressure ranged from 0.1 to 0.5 MPa and the percentage of SF6 ...


Optimal orientations of lithium niobate for resonator SAW filters

N. Naumenko; B. Abbott IEEE Symposium on Ultrasonics, 2003, 2003

A criterion of simultaneous minimization of propagation loss at resonant and antiresonant frequencies, previously developed for optimization of rotated Y-cuts of LiTaO3 (LT) used in resonator SAW devices, is applied to rotated Y-cuts of LiNbO3 (LN). The optimal angle versus thickness dependence was determined for periodic gratings with Al, Cu, and Au electrodes. The main characteristics of LSAW, such as ...


Dielectric properties of water and water/ethylene glycol mixtures for use in pulsed power system design

M. Zahn; Y. Ohki; D. B. Fenneman; R. J. Gripshover; V. H. Gehman Proceedings of the IEEE, 1986

One class of modern pulse power generators use deionized water as an energy storage, switching and transmission dielectric. Water is chosen for its high dielectric constant and relatively high resistivity, which allows reasonably sized and efficient low-impedance high-voltage pulse lines where pulse durations are less than 100 µs. Water/ethylene glycol mixtures are being researched, so that rotating machinery, rather than ...


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IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Brain-Computer Interfaces for Communication in Paralysis: A Clinical Experimental Approach

    An overview of different approaches to brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) developed in our laboratory is given. An important clinical application of BCIs is to enable communication or environmental control in severely paralyzed patients. The BCI "Thought-Translation Device (TTD)" allows verbal communication through the voluntary self-regulation of brain signals (e.g., slow cortical potentials (SCPs)), which is achieved by operant feedback training. Humans' ability to self-regulate their SCPs is used to move a cursor toward a target that contains a selectable letter set. Two different approaches were followed to developWeb browsers that could be controlled with binary brain responses. Implementing more powerful classification methods including different signal parameters such as oscillatory features improved our BCI considerably. It was also tested on signals with implanted electrodes. Most BCIs provide the user with a visual feedback interface. Visually impaired patients require an auditory feedback mode. A procedure using auditory (sonified) feedback of multiple EEG parameters was evaluated. Properties of the auditory systems are reported and the results of two experiments with auditory feedback are presented. Clinical data of eight ALS patients demonstrated that all patients were able to acquire efficient brain control of one of the three available BCI systems (SCP, µ-rhythm, and P300), most of them used the SCP-BCI. A controlled comparison of the three systems in a group of ALS patients, however, showed that P300-BCI and the µ-BCI are faster and more easily acquired than SCP-BCI, at least in patients with some rudimentary motor control left. Six patients who started BCI training after entering the completely locked-in state did not achieve reliable communication skills with any BCI system. One completely locked-in patient was able t o communicate shortly with a ph-meter, but lost control afterward.

  • Methods for Noninvasive Electroencephalogram Detection

    The electroencephalogram (EEG) provides a noninvasive way to record and analyze brain functions in real time. For brain - computer interfaces (BCIs), slow waves, evoked potentials, and activation in the alpha, beta, and gamma bands are used. When a real-time biosignal processing system is confi gured, several influencing components have to be considered. This chapter discusses EEG electrodes and electrode placement, lists possible sources of noise and artifacts, and explains how to avoid them. It explains the properties of biosignal amplifiers and analog-to-digital conversion. It also discusses possibilities for host computers and processing environments. Finally, examples of brain - computer interface (BCI) systems are given for rehabilitation and for brain mapping.

  • Detection and Conditioning of Surface EMG Signals

    This chapter presents the detection and conditioning of surface electromyographic (EMG) signals. More advanced techniques are now widely used in research laboratories and are being adopted in clinical settings. Such techniques are based on multichannel detection by means of one dimensional (1-D) or two dimensional (2-D) electrode arrays. The chapter describes the electrode-skin interface and the front-end amplifier stage. The impedance between two electrodes is the sum of two electrode-skin impedances plus the interposed tissue impedance. Conventional electrodes, either wet or dry, behave like transducers converting ionic current (in tissue and gel) into flow of electrons in the metal. These electrical sensors require a careful skin preparation to reduce the impedance and noise associated to this interface. The biomedical sector offers small-sized, high-cost application-specific integrated circuits (ASIC) devices for biopotential measurements. Applications are expected to range from physiopathological investigations, to rehabilitation games, biofeedback applications, and sport training.

  • Surface EMG Decomposition

    This chapter provides an overview of surface EMG decomposition techniques, along with their basic assumptions, properties, and limitations. Surface electrodes measure the electrical activity of several nearby muscle fibers that are active during a muscle contraction. The electrical activity of each fiber can be described by a single fiber action potential (SFAP) that propagates from the neuromuscular junction towards the tendons. There is large diversity of decomposition techniques that can roughly be categorized either as template matching or latent component analysis (blind source separation) approaches. Decomposition of surface EMG is a powerful tool enabling noninvasive insight not only into muscle control strategies, but also into peripheral muscle properties. It provides unambiguous information on physiological parameters of individual motor units that can easily be interpreted. The identification of motor units (MUs) discharge patterns from surface EMG signals, acquired during dynamic muscle contractions, needs to be addressed.

  • EMG of Electrically Stimulated Muscles

    This chapter addresses stimulation techniques, the issue of the stimulation electrode positioning, motor unit (MU) activation order, and spinal involvement in electrically elicited contractions. Two stimulation techniques are commonly used: bipolar, and monopolar stimulation. The differences between these two methods concern the geometry and relative position of the stimulation electrodes. Surface electromyography (sEMG) signals can be detected during selective electrical stimulation of a nerve branch or of a motor point of a muscle. The resultant sEMG signal is a compound motor action potential (CMAP), also termed as M-wave. Since the M-wave represents the sum of the potentials of the concurrently activated MUs, its change is generally assumed to reflect changes either in the number or in the sarcolemmal properties of activated MUs. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) combined with sEMG isolates the contributions of peripheral fatigue because it gives the experimenter control of MU firing frequency and recruitment.

  • Contributors

    Interest in developing an effective communication interface connecting the human brain and a computer has grown rapidly over the past decade. The brain- computer interface (BCI) would allow humans to operate computers, wheelchairs, prostheses, and other devices, using brain signals only. BCI research may someday provide a communication channel for patients with severe physical disabilities but intact cognitive functions, a working tool in computational neuroscience that contributes to a better understanding of the brain, and a novel independent interface for human-machine communication that offers new options for monitoring and control. This volume presents a timely overview of the latest BCI research, with contributions from many of the important research groups in the field. The book covers a broad range of topics, describing work on both noninvasive (that is, without the implantation of electrodes) and invasive approaches. Other chapters discuss relevant techniques from machine learning and signal processing, existing software for BCI, and possible applications of BCI research in the real world. Guido Dornhege is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Intelligent Data Analysis Group at the Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Architecture and Software Technology in Berlin. Josï¿¿ï¿¿ del R. Millï¿¿ï¿¿n is a Senior Researcher at the IDIAP Research Institute in Martigny, Switzerland, and Adjunct Professor at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne. Thilo Hinterberger is with the Institute of Medical Psychology at the University of Tï¿¿ï¿¿bingen and is a Senior Researcher at the University of Northampton. Dennis J. McFarland is a Research Scientist with the Laboratory of Nervous System Disorders, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health. Klaus-Robert Mï¿ ¿ï¿¿ller is Head of the Intelligent Data Analysis group at the Fraunhofer Institute and Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the Technical University of Berlin.

  • Grounding Methods for Electric Supply and Communications Facilities

    This chapter contains sections titled: Purpose Scope Point of Connection of Grounding Conductor Grounding Conductor and Means of Connection Grounding Electrodes Method of Connection to Electrode Ground Resistance Requirements Separation of Grounding Conductors Not Used Additional Requirements for Communication Apparatus

  • Needle and Wire Detection Techniques

    This chapter contains sections titled: Anatomical and Physiological Background of Intramuscular Recording Recording Characteristics of Needle Electrodes Conventional Needle EMG Special Needle Recording Techniques Physical Characteristics of Needle EMG Signals Recording Equipment References

  • Index

    Interest in developing an effective communication interface connecting the human brain and a computer has grown rapidly over the past decade. The brain- computer interface (BCI) would allow humans to operate computers, wheelchairs, prostheses, and other devices, using brain signals only. BCI research may someday provide a communication channel for patients with severe physical disabilities but intact cognitive functions, a working tool in computational neuroscience that contributes to a better understanding of the brain, and a novel independent interface for human-machine communication that offers new options for monitoring and control. This volume presents a timely overview of the latest BCI research, with contributions from many of the important research groups in the field. The book covers a broad range of topics, describing work on both noninvasive (that is, without the implantation of electrodes) and invasive approaches. Other chapters discuss relevant techniques from machine learning and signal processing, existing software for BCI, and possible applications of BCI research in the real world. Guido Dornhege is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Intelligent Data Analysis Group at the Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Architecture and Software Technology in Berlin. Josï¿¿ï¿¿ del R. Millï¿¿ï¿¿n is a Senior Researcher at the IDIAP Research Institute in Martigny, Switzerland, and Adjunct Professor at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne. Thilo Hinterberger is with the Institute of Medical Psychology at the University of Tï¿¿ï¿¿bingen and is a Senior Researcher at the University of Northampton. Dennis J. McFarland is a Research Scientist with the Laboratory of Nervous System Disorders, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health. Klaus-Robert Mï¿ ¿ï¿¿ller is Head of the Intelligent Data Analysis group at the Fraunhofer Institute and Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the Technical University of Berlin.

  • ENG Recording Amplifier Configurations for Tripolar Cuff Electrodes

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Cuff Electrode Description and Signal Characteristics Interference Reduction and Cuff Electrode Parameters Tripole Cuff Amplifiers Comparison of Configurations Future Trends References



Standards related to Electrodes

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No standards are currently tagged "Electrodes"