Conferences related to Electrodes

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2018 14th IEEE/ASME International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications (MESA)

The goal of the 14th ASME/IEEE MESA2018 is to bring together experts from the fields of mechatronic and embedded systems, disseminate the recent advances in the area, discuss future research directions, and exchange application experience. The main achievement of MESA2018 is to bring out and highlight the latest research results and developments in the IoT (Internet of Things) era in the field of mechatronics and embedded systems.


2017 17th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems (ICCAS)

Control Theory and Applications,Control Devices and Instruments,Industrial Applications of Control,Sensors and Signal Processing,Artificial Intelligent Systems,Autonomous Vehicle Systems, Navigation, Guidance and Control,Biomedical Instruments and Systems,Information and Networking,Multimedia Systems,Process Control Systems,Civil and Urban Control Systems Human Robot Interaction,Robot Mechanism and Control,Robot Vision,Exoskeletal Robot,Intelligent Robot and Service Robot,Robotic Applications


2017 24th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems (ICECS)

The 24th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems (ICECS) will be held in Batumi, Georgia on December 5-8, 2017. As the flagship conference of IEEE Circuits and Systems Society in Region 8 of IEEE (Europe, Middle East, and Africa), ICECS 2017 will consist of tutorials, plenary lectures, regular, special and poster sessions focusing on recent trends, emerging technologies and advances in all aspects of:¿ Circuits ¿ Systems ¿ Signals ¿ Mathematical Methods ¿ Computational Methods ¿ Applications


2017 29th International Conference on Microelectronics (ICM)

Offering an overview of latest achievement in devices and applications to build various circuits and microsystems


2017 30th International Vacuum Nanoelectronics Conference (IVNC)

IVNC, the International Vacuum Nanoelectronics Conference series, is devoted to nanoscience and technology of vacuum electron sources and their applications. The conference aims to promote the understanding of physics, chemistry, electron emission and beam properties of nano-emitters based on various electron emission mechanisms, as well as the materials, growth, and fabrication technologies of novel cathodes and vacuum electronic devices. Established in 1988 by the founders of vacuum nanoelectronics, IVNC brings together an international body of scientists and engineers to present and discuss their latest researches in vacuum micro and nanoelectronics.


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Periodicals related to Electrodes

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on

Electrical insulation common to the design and construction of components and equipment for use in electric and electronic circuits and distribution systems at all frequencies.


Display Technology, Journal of

This publication covers the theory, design, fabrication, manufacturing and application of information displays and aspects of display technology that emphasize the progress in device engineering, device design, materials, electronics, physics and reliabilityaspects of displays and the application of displays.


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Most published Xplore authors for Electrodes

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Xplore Articles related to Electrodes

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Two-dimensional analysis of a test structure for lifetime profile measurements

S. Daliento; N. Rinaldi; A. Sanseverino; P. Spirito IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 1995

A new electrical measurement technique has been proposed that allows one to obtain the "local" lifetime value in Si layers, by superposing ac measurements on a dc bias in a three-terminal test structure, and hence to extract a lifetime "profile" along the depth of the layer by varying the voltage bias. In this paper two-dimensional effects that could arise due ...


Piecewise continuous models for resistivity soundings

H. Hidalgo; E. Gomez-Trevino; J. L. Marroquin; F. J. Esparza IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2001

A robust method is presented for constructing layered Earth models from surface resistivity data. The algorithm automatically accommodates any number of discontinuities without the need to specify a priori its number or location in the vertical profile. It further includes automatic correction factors for the common segmentation of Schlumberger soundings due to static shift effects


Constant E/N pumping of high-power rare-gas halide lasers

W. Sarjeant; A. Alcock; K. Leopold IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 1977

First Page of the Article ![](/xploreAssets/images/absImages/01069465.png)


Short-Term Electrical Insulating Characteristics of Some Polymeric Materials Immersed in Liquid Nitrogen

R. J. Densley; A. T. Bulinski; T. S. Sudarshan IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, 1979

This paper reports the short-term partial-discharge and electrical breakdown characteristics of some film-type and fibrous materials and laminates of fibrous and film-type materials immersed in liquid nitrogen (LN2) Partial discharge inception and extinction voltages, and also the distribution of their magnitude and repetition rate are studied in the various specimens with and without artificial cavities at pressures up to 0.4 ...


Measurement of sudden voltage transients due to gap discharge using coupled transmission lines on distributed constant system

K. Kawamata; S. Minegishi; A. Haga; R. Sato Proceedings of International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 1995

A measurement method of sudden voltage transients using coupled transmission lines is considered in the time domain. This method enables us to measure the high speed and high voltage transients in and out of contact with the main circuit. The voltage rise curves of the transient at the making of electrical contacts were examined to get positive proof for the ...


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Educational Resources on Electrodes

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eLearning

Two-dimensional analysis of a test structure for lifetime profile measurements

S. Daliento; N. Rinaldi; A. Sanseverino; P. Spirito IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 1995

A new electrical measurement technique has been proposed that allows one to obtain the "local" lifetime value in Si layers, by superposing ac measurements on a dc bias in a three-terminal test structure, and hence to extract a lifetime "profile" along the depth of the layer by varying the voltage bias. In this paper two-dimensional effects that could arise due ...


Piecewise continuous models for resistivity soundings

H. Hidalgo; E. Gomez-Trevino; J. L. Marroquin; F. J. Esparza IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2001

A robust method is presented for constructing layered Earth models from surface resistivity data. The algorithm automatically accommodates any number of discontinuities without the need to specify a priori its number or location in the vertical profile. It further includes automatic correction factors for the common segmentation of Schlumberger soundings due to static shift effects


Constant E/N pumping of high-power rare-gas halide lasers

W. Sarjeant; A. Alcock; K. Leopold IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 1977

First Page of the Article ![](/xploreAssets/images/absImages/01069465.png)


Short-Term Electrical Insulating Characteristics of Some Polymeric Materials Immersed in Liquid Nitrogen

R. J. Densley; A. T. Bulinski; T. S. Sudarshan IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, 1979

This paper reports the short-term partial-discharge and electrical breakdown characteristics of some film-type and fibrous materials and laminates of fibrous and film-type materials immersed in liquid nitrogen (LN2) Partial discharge inception and extinction voltages, and also the distribution of their magnitude and repetition rate are studied in the various specimens with and without artificial cavities at pressures up to 0.4 ...


Measurement of sudden voltage transients due to gap discharge using coupled transmission lines on distributed constant system

K. Kawamata; S. Minegishi; A. Haga; R. Sato Proceedings of International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 1995

A measurement method of sudden voltage transients using coupled transmission lines is considered in the time domain. This method enables us to measure the high speed and high voltage transients in and out of contact with the main circuit. The voltage rise curves of the transient at the making of electrical contacts were examined to get positive proof for the ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Examples Using the Method of Moments

    This chapter begins with a discussion on a modeling program, which can be used to learn electrostatic concepts. It discusses limitations and inaccuracies of the modeling program, and the plans to improve it. One of the components of the program is that it must be able to take the input data information and convert it into the subrectangles (cells) as described by the data input. The chapter shows a high-resolution plot of charge distribution on a parallel plate capacitor. Various characteristics of a simple capacitor structure can be examined quite easily simply by changing numbers in the data file. Once the charge distribution in a structure is known, the voltage anywhere in space can be approximated by assuming that the charge in each cell is concentrated at the center of the cell.

  • Intrabody Communication

    A different approach is becoming popular nowadays, although it was originally proposed by Zimmerman in 1996. It is based on signal transmission through the human body, called intrabody communication (IBC), and has led to the first definition of Body Area Networks (BANs). This chapter shows the main features of some of the most relevant IBC prototypes reported in the literature depending on the type of coupling, operating frequencies, data rate, and consumption. The characterization of the IBC channel has commonly been carried out by means of the evaluation of path loss as a function of frequency, which is commonly accepted establish frequency ranges for optimum IBC performance. Dielectric dispersion constitutes the dependence of the permittivity of a dielectric material on frequency. The impact of the IBC channel on digital communications can be analyzed by using simulation techniques relying on appropriate channel models.

  • Symmetries, Images, and Dielectrics

    The physical symmetries in a geometry description can be used to reduce the number of variables required for a given resolution model. Because of the physical and voltage symmetries of the geometry description, there is no need to include the extra equation to guarantee charge neutrality. The modeling procedure using images for the stripline and microstripline transmission lines is useful in that it produces numbers for the characteristic impedance and the line end fringing capacitance and allows us to model junctions of dissimilar lines. Any of the stripline or microstripline models (both without and with a dielectric) described in this chapter, especially the very high resolution of the two-dimensional cross-sectional calculation, can be used to examine the charge profile on the line(s). For a given material system and a given allowed cross-sectional area of the line, the power loss can be minimized by minimizing current bunching.

  • Experimental Investigation on Unipolar Ion Flows

    The amount of available experimental data concerning corona originated space- charge flows is large; however, there is a persistent need for exploring the still overlooked or underestimated supplementary performances. These can emerge from special ion-flow field structures and can be monitored while changing pivotal geometrical parameters one at a time. Owing to the informative character of some individual sources, a demanding experimental strategy has been adopted for making the investigation on unipolar ion flows as complete as possible. A number of sources have been categorized, in this chapter, in function of the injection system and methodically monitored. Therefore, a suspended electrode becomes a V-shaped wire, a two-conductor bundle, an inclined rod, a partially sheathed wire, a pointed-pole sphere and a straight wedge. A 3D generalization of the experimentally discovered performances is given in light of the deep connection between the acknowledged general character of the homeomorphism and the notion of invariance.

  • Recording Materials for Holography

    This chapter discusses various recording materials for holography, including silver halide materials, photopolymer, photoresist, and dichromated gelatin (DCG). The silver halide materials chosen for holography are essentially gelatin‐based suspensions which are traditionally known as "emulsions", although technically defying the definition of "emulsion". These are, in the case of holographic recording materials, definitively based upon silver bromide, although silver chloride is also well known as a really useful photosensitive material, which is used extensively in the emulsions used for photographic papers. DCG has played a rather glorious role in holography in the past. As gelatin is such a remarkably inexpensive material, this method, which is capable of very high index modulation and diffraction efficiency over both narrow and wide spectral bandwidths, appeared to have a promising future until the advent of the photopolymer recording materials for holography.

  • Triangles

    MATLAB program mom_tri_1.m is a simple demonstration script for setting up and solving a method of moments (MoM) problem using triangular cells. This program includes two input electrodes, each composed of two triangles. This chapter provides a description of the desired electrode geometry to arrive at a completed calculation of the charge distribution on the electrodes. Manual generation of triangular meshings very quickly becomes an overwhelming task when the electrode geometries and desired resolutions are not trivial. MATLAB has built-in capabilities that perform this task very well. The chapter discusses the issue of finding the voltage and the electric field at arbitrary points in space, before proceeding to discuss some more interesting geometries. When electrodes are rectangular and consists of square cells, it is easy to examine a charge profile.

  • Brain-Computer Interfaces

    This chapter introduces the field of brain¿¿-¿¿computer interfaces (BCIs), also called brain-machine interfaces (BMIs), which has seen impressive achievements over the past few years. It first reviews the different kinds of brain signals that can be recorded as input for a BCI. Then, the chapter discusses a series of principles to build efficient BCIs that are independent of the particular signal of choice. There follows a short overview of BCI attempts to improve the outcome of neurorehabilitation, especially for motor control in stroke patients. The chapter concludes by pinpointing some future research directions in the field of BCI.

  • Summary and Overview

    This chapter provides a brief discussion of the method of moments (MoM) and the finite difference (FD) and finite element (FE) methods. These methods are approaches to solving for the electrostatic variables charge and voltage in a given geometric structure of electrodes and possibly dielectric interfaces. They are all based on developing a set of linear algebraic equations that approximate continuous variables with approximate locally defined variables. The FD method is derived from numerical approximations of Laplace's equation, and only the voltages at the corners of rectangular cells are defined. The FE method is derived from formal integral approximation techniques, and the voltage is defined throughout the cell. In both cases each cell communicates only with cells that share nodes. In the MoM method, calculating the coefficients was not trivial; however, in the FE and FD methods calculating the coefficients is easy.

  • Spike Sorting

    Excitable cells, such as neurons, produce action potentials (APs) that in extracellular recordings are often referred to as spikes. The contributions of each cell must be isolated from the background noise and from those of the other cells. This chapter focuses on state-of-the-art techniques addressing the problem of spike sorting, including the resolution of overlapped action potentials (APs). It proposes the mathematical modeling of multiunit recordings and the complexity in the resolution of overlapped APs. Then, the summarizes state-of-the-art spike sorting algorithms and discusses the advantages and limitations of each and the applicability of these methods for different types of experimental demands.

  • Surface Electromyogram Detection

    The electromyogram (EMG) is a compound signal comprising the electrical activity of the motor units (MU) activated asynchronously during voluntary muscle contractions. This chapter provides a basic overview of the technologies for the detection and conditioning of surface EMG (sEMG) signals. The first section focuses on electrode technology and the electrode-skin interface. The electrical model of the interface and the effect of electrode characteristics (e.g., size, constituent material) on the features of the detected signal are discussed. The second section describes the most common solutions for the design of the front-end amplifier, signal filtering, and analog-to-digital (A/D) conversion. The third section describes and discusses the use of different configurations of electrodes for the detection of sEMG signals. The concepts of spatial filtering and spatial sampling (mono- and bi- dimensional) are introduced, and the effect of the detection system parameters on the sEMG characteristics is discussed.



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