Crystallization

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Crystallization is the (natural or artificial) process of formation of solid crystals precipitating from a solution, melt or more rarely deposited directly from a gas. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Crystallization

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2013 14th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology (ICEPT)

ICEPT 2013 is a four-day event, featuring technical sessions, invited talks, professional development courses/forums, exhibition, and social networking activities. It aims to cover the latest technological developments in electronic packaging, manufacturing and packaging equipment, and provide opportunities to explore the trends of research and development, as well as business in China.


2011 3rd International Conference on Computer Design and Applications (ICCDA 2011)

The aim objective of ICCDA 2011 is to provide a platform for researchers, engineers, academicians as well as industrial professionals from all over the world to present their research results and development activities in Computer Design and Applications.


2010 International Conference on Biology, Environment and Chemistry (ICBEC)

ICBEC is an international forum for state-of-the-art research in Biology, Environment and Chemistry. It also serves to foster communication among researchers and practitioners working in a wide variety of scientific areas with a common interest in improving Biology, Environment and Chemistry related techniques.



Periodicals related to Crystallization

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Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on

Electrical insulation common to the design and construction of components and equipment for use in electric and electronic circuits and distribution systems at all frequencies.


Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on

Publishes original and significant contributions relating to the theory, design, performance and reliability of electron devices, including optoelectronics devices, nanoscale devices, solid-state devices, integrated electronic devices, energy sources, power devices, displays, sensors, electro-mechanical devices, quantum devices and electron tubes.


Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on

Science and technology related to the basic physics and engineering of magnetism, magnetic materials, applied magnetics, magnetic devices, and magnetic data storage. The Transactions publishes scholarly articles of archival value as well as tutorial expositions and critical reviews of classical subjects and topics of current interest.



Most published Xplore authors for Crystallization

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Xplore Articles related to Crystallization

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Magnetic and structural properties of amorphous and nanocrystalline FeNi-based alloys

M. A. Willard; J. H. Claassen; V. G. Harris Proceedings of the 2001 1st IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology. IEEE-NANO 2001 (Cat. No.01EX516), 2001

Nanocrystalline soft magnetic ribbons, with a composition of (Ni 0.78Fe0.22)89-xZr7B4 Cux (where x is 0 or 1), were synthesized by melt spinning and subsequent crystallization. The best magnetic properties coincided with the development of a single nanocrystalline phase at annealing temperatures just above the primary crystallization. Differential thermal analysis indicates a 60°C difference between primary and secondary crystallization temperatures. This ...


Thin film sol-gel fabrication and characterisation of a new optically active crystalline phase: Er/sub 2/Ti/sub 2/O/sub 7/

J. Fick; C. Coutier; M. Langlet Conference Digest. 2000 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Cat. No.00TH8505), 2000

Summary form only given. A lot of research has been done to limit parasitic effects linked to the high rare earth doping levels necessary for all-optical amplifiers or integrated lasers. One original solution consists in doping a glass matrix with nanosized, erbium-containing crystals. Hence, one can choose the crystalline phase to optimise the spectroscopic properties, while the matrix is a ...


Crystalline Orientation and Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy of Iron Oxide Thin Films Deposited by Target Facing Type Sputtering

Y. Hoshi; M. Naoe IEEE Translation Journal on Magnetics in Japan, 1987

Opposed-target sputtering is employed to produce Fe3O4 single-phase films with (111) orientation on glass substrates and ZnO-coated silicon wafers. The magnetostriction values of these films were larger than those of randomly oriented films, which caused the film to have a large perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Low pressure during sputtering improved the (111) orientation, but also increased the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Attempts ...


Ferroelectric ceramics: Switching and hysteresis curve

G. Arlt 9th International Symposium on Electrets (ISE 9) Proceedings, 1996

The average polarization of a crystallite in a ferroelectric ceramic is switched by 180° by an electric field which exceeds the critical strength E2crit. At this field strength a new 90° domain wall is generated at the grain boundary and is driven by the field through the whole grain. This polarization reversal of the grain does not change the gross ...


Fully Three-Dimensional Analysis of TSM Quartz Sensors Immersed in Viscous Liquids

T. Lindenbauer; B. Jakoby IEEE Sensors, 2005., 2005

In order to optimize the design of piezoelectric thickness-shear-mode (TSM) liquid sensors, it is essential to understand the complete interaction between the resonator and the liquid. For instance, a major issue is the excitation of spurious, scarcely damped compressional waves, which can lead to disturbing interferences when reflected by nearby obstacles. Earlier attempts to model this effect include an approximation ...


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Educational Resources on Crystallization

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eLearning

Magnetic and structural properties of amorphous and nanocrystalline FeNi-based alloys

M. A. Willard; J. H. Claassen; V. G. Harris Proceedings of the 2001 1st IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology. IEEE-NANO 2001 (Cat. No.01EX516), 2001

Nanocrystalline soft magnetic ribbons, with a composition of (Ni 0.78Fe0.22)89-xZr7B4 Cux (where x is 0 or 1), were synthesized by melt spinning and subsequent crystallization. The best magnetic properties coincided with the development of a single nanocrystalline phase at annealing temperatures just above the primary crystallization. Differential thermal analysis indicates a 60°C difference between primary and secondary crystallization temperatures. This ...


Thin film sol-gel fabrication and characterisation of a new optically active crystalline phase: Er/sub 2/Ti/sub 2/O/sub 7/

J. Fick; C. Coutier; M. Langlet Conference Digest. 2000 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Cat. No.00TH8505), 2000

Summary form only given. A lot of research has been done to limit parasitic effects linked to the high rare earth doping levels necessary for all-optical amplifiers or integrated lasers. One original solution consists in doping a glass matrix with nanosized, erbium-containing crystals. Hence, one can choose the crystalline phase to optimise the spectroscopic properties, while the matrix is a ...


Crystalline Orientation and Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy of Iron Oxide Thin Films Deposited by Target Facing Type Sputtering

Y. Hoshi; M. Naoe IEEE Translation Journal on Magnetics in Japan, 1987

Opposed-target sputtering is employed to produce Fe3O4 single-phase films with (111) orientation on glass substrates and ZnO-coated silicon wafers. The magnetostriction values of these films were larger than those of randomly oriented films, which caused the film to have a large perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Low pressure during sputtering improved the (111) orientation, but also increased the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Attempts ...


Ferroelectric ceramics: Switching and hysteresis curve

G. Arlt 9th International Symposium on Electrets (ISE 9) Proceedings, 1996

The average polarization of a crystallite in a ferroelectric ceramic is switched by 180° by an electric field which exceeds the critical strength E2crit. At this field strength a new 90° domain wall is generated at the grain boundary and is driven by the field through the whole grain. This polarization reversal of the grain does not change the gross ...


Fully Three-Dimensional Analysis of TSM Quartz Sensors Immersed in Viscous Liquids

T. Lindenbauer; B. Jakoby IEEE Sensors, 2005., 2005

In order to optimize the design of piezoelectric thickness-shear-mode (TSM) liquid sensors, it is essential to understand the complete interaction between the resonator and the liquid. For instance, a major issue is the excitation of spurious, scarcely damped compressional waves, which can lead to disturbing interferences when reflected by nearby obstacles. Earlier attempts to model this effect include an approximation ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Effects of Melting on Faulting and Continental Deformation

    The presence of melt is closely related to the localization of deformation in faults and shear zones in a variety of tectonic settings. This relationship is observed on length scales from the outcrop to plate boundary faults to orogens. However, the question of whether melting induces localization, or localization creates a pathway for melts, can rarely be answered from field observations alone. Experimental studies show that rock strength decreases exponentially with increasing volume percentage of melt. This suggests that melting facilitates strain localization where deformation would be homogeneous in the absence of melt. Yet, the extrapolation of experimental relationships between rock strength and melt content to natural conditions at depth in the lithosphere remains speculative, largely because the grain-scale processes underlying dramatic weakening at small amounts of melt have yet to be investigated in crustal rocks. New geochronological methods for dating minerals that crystallized during deformation in the presence of melt have the potential to constrain the time lag between the onset of melting and deformation in naturally deformed anatectic rocks. An indirect, but clear answer to the question of whether melting induces strain localization on a regional scale comes from numerical models of orogenesis which can be run in the presence or absence of low-viscosity domains that approximate the mechanical behavior of partially melted rock. These models show that melting induces lateral flow of anatectic crust within horizontal channels usually situated at the base of the continental crust. These channels have strong vertical strain gradients, especially at their boundaries where shear zones accommodate lateral extrusion of the anatectic rock in between. Together with their bounding shear zones, these flow channels form a new class of faults, which we term " ;extrusional faults." Extrusional faults containing long-lived melt (tens of millions of years) can support large, broadly distributed topographic loads such as orogenic plateaus and can exhume deeply buried rocks from beneath orogens. In contrast, strike-slip and oblique-slip faults serve as steep conduits for the rapid ascent, differentiation, and crystallization of melt. The relatively short residence time of melts in such moderately to steeply dipping fault systems can lead to episodic motion, with long periods of creep punctuated by shorter periods of melt veining, magmatic activity, and/or faster slip.



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