Cryogenics

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In physics, cryogenics is the study of the production of very low temperature (below −150 °C, −238 °F or 123 K) and the behavior of materials at those temperatures. (Wikipedia.org)




IEEE Organizations related to Cryogenics

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Conferences related to Cryogenics

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2016 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC)

Particle accelerator

  • 2015 IEEE International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC)

    The science, technology and engineering of all types of particle accelerator will be covered by invited speakers, contributed oral presentations and posters.

  • 2013 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC)

    Topics on particle accelerators, oral and poster sessions. Conference proceedings published on DVD and JACoW website.

  • 2012 IEEE International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC)

    The science, technology and engineering of all types of particle accelerator will be covered by invited speakers, contributed oral presentations and posters. Awards will be made for outstanding work in the field and a special session will be devoted to student work. There will be an exhibition by related industrial manufacturers.

  • 2011 IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC)

    The primary scope of the 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC11) is to provide a forum for networking, communication and exchange of ideas among accelerator scientists, engineers, students and industry. The Scientific Program comprises invited speakers, contributed orals, poster sessions, an industrial forum, and a student program. The wide range of technical topics covered includes detectors, radiofrequency structures, vacuum, cryogenics, diagnostics, magnets and light sources.

  • 2009 IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC)

    The primary scope of Particle Accelerator Conferences (PAC) is to provide a forum for communication and exchange of ideas among accelerator scientists, engineers, students and industry. This week-long well-established conference series takes place biennially in North America. The Scientific Program comprises invited speakers, contributed orals, poster sessions, an Industrial Forum and a Student Program. PAC09 is committed to reaching out to young researchers in the field, and has set a budget to partially

  • 2007 IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC)


2010 International Workshop on Low Temperature Electronics (WOLTE)

The objective of the Workshop is to provide an international forum for discussing recent research and development results in the area of low temperature electronics including, amongst others: Semiconductor devices at low temperatures Low and high Tc superconductor devices Cryogenic amplifiers Interfacing of superconducting circuitry by semiconductor Digital electronics at low temperatures, both semiconducting and superconducting (RSFQ) Quantum limited detectors and detector readou



Periodicals related to Cryogenics

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on

All aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.




Xplore Articles related to Cryogenics

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Scalable cryogenic gas cooled multi-slab 10 J and 100 J, 10 Hz DPSSL system

Saumyabrata Banerjee; Klaus Ertel; Paul D. Mason; P. Jonathan Phillips; Mariastefania De Vido; Jodie M. Smith; Thomas J. Butcher; M. Divoky; J. Pilar; Cristina Hernandez-Gomez; R. Justin S. Greenhalgh; John L. Collier 2015 11th Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim (CLEO-PR), 2015

We report the demonstration of a cryogenic gas cooled multi-slab Yb:YAG laser, producing 10.8 J pulses at 10 Hz, and initial results from a scaled-up DPSSL designed to produce 100 J pulses.


Low-Power and Compact CMOS APS Circuits for Hybrid Cryogenic Infrared Fast Imaging

Francisco Serra-Graells; Bertrand Misischi; Eduardo Casanueva; CÉsar Mendez; LluÍs Teres IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, 2007

This brief presents a complete set of CMOS basic building blocks for low-cost scanning infrared (IR) cryogenic imagers. Low-power and compact novel circuits are proposed for single-capacitor integration and correlated double sampling, embedded pixel test, pixel charge-multiplexing and video composition and buffering. In order to validate the new basic building blocks, experimental results are reported in standard 0.35-mum CMOS technology ...


Overview of main-mechanical-components and critical manufacturing aspects of the Wendelstein 7-X Cryostat

Torsten Koppe; A. Cardella; B. Missal; B. Hein; R. Krause; H. Jenzsch; Jens Reich 2011 IEEE/NPSS 24th Symposium on Fusion Engineering, 2011

Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) will demonstrate the possibility of a stellarator for a future fusion power plant. This stellarator fusion experiment is at present in the assembly phase at the Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik (IPP). The main advance of the static plasma is caused by the three dimensional shape of the coils. But inside the Cryostat this extravagant geometry of the coils ...


Comparison Study of Superconducting Wind Generators With HTS and LTS Field Windings

Jin Wang; Ronghai Qu; Yingzhen Liu; Jie He; Zhe Zhu; Haiyang Fang IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 2015

Large-scale direct-driven wind turbines are preferred for offshore wind generation from the viewpoint of cost of energy and system reliability. However, direct-driven generators of traditional technology are very difficult to be scaled up to a rated power of 10 MW or above. Superconducting generators offer a candidate to fill that gap. A feasible superconducting wind generator topology has rotor field ...


Quench protection of persistent current switches using diodes in cryogenic temperature

S. Yamamoto; T. Yamada; M. Iwamoto Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 1988. PESC '88 Record., 19th Annual IEEE, 1988

Transient characteristics of power diodes at cryogenic temperatures and their application to the protection of persistent current switches (PCS) in superconducting magnet systems are presented. The observed forward voltage drop was 9 V at 4.2 K and was six times larger than that at room temperature. The voltage was quickly reduced to 1 V after the diode was turned on. ...


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Educational Resources on Cryogenics

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eLearning

Scalable cryogenic gas cooled multi-slab 10 J and 100 J, 10 Hz DPSSL system

Saumyabrata Banerjee; Klaus Ertel; Paul D. Mason; P. Jonathan Phillips; Mariastefania De Vido; Jodie M. Smith; Thomas J. Butcher; M. Divoky; J. Pilar; Cristina Hernandez-Gomez; R. Justin S. Greenhalgh; John L. Collier 2015 11th Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim (CLEO-PR), 2015

We report the demonstration of a cryogenic gas cooled multi-slab Yb:YAG laser, producing 10.8 J pulses at 10 Hz, and initial results from a scaled-up DPSSL designed to produce 100 J pulses.


Low-Power and Compact CMOS APS Circuits for Hybrid Cryogenic Infrared Fast Imaging

Francisco Serra-Graells; Bertrand Misischi; Eduardo Casanueva; CÉsar Mendez; LluÍs Teres IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, 2007

This brief presents a complete set of CMOS basic building blocks for low-cost scanning infrared (IR) cryogenic imagers. Low-power and compact novel circuits are proposed for single-capacitor integration and correlated double sampling, embedded pixel test, pixel charge-multiplexing and video composition and buffering. In order to validate the new basic building blocks, experimental results are reported in standard 0.35-mum CMOS technology ...


Overview of main-mechanical-components and critical manufacturing aspects of the Wendelstein 7-X Cryostat

Torsten Koppe; A. Cardella; B. Missal; B. Hein; R. Krause; H. Jenzsch; Jens Reich 2011 IEEE/NPSS 24th Symposium on Fusion Engineering, 2011

Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) will demonstrate the possibility of a stellarator for a future fusion power plant. This stellarator fusion experiment is at present in the assembly phase at the Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik (IPP). The main advance of the static plasma is caused by the three dimensional shape of the coils. But inside the Cryostat this extravagant geometry of the coils ...


Comparison Study of Superconducting Wind Generators With HTS and LTS Field Windings

Jin Wang; Ronghai Qu; Yingzhen Liu; Jie He; Zhe Zhu; Haiyang Fang IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 2015

Large-scale direct-driven wind turbines are preferred for offshore wind generation from the viewpoint of cost of energy and system reliability. However, direct-driven generators of traditional technology are very difficult to be scaled up to a rated power of 10 MW or above. Superconducting generators offer a candidate to fill that gap. A feasible superconducting wind generator topology has rotor field ...


Quench protection of persistent current switches using diodes in cryogenic temperature

S. Yamamoto; T. Yamada; M. Iwamoto Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 1988. PESC '88 Record., 19th Annual IEEE, 1988

Transient characteristics of power diodes at cryogenic temperatures and their application to the protection of persistent current switches (PCS) in superconducting magnet systems are presented. The observed forward voltage drop was 9 V at 4.2 K and was six times larger than that at room temperature. The voltage was quickly reduced to 1 V after the diode was turned on. ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Attendee List

    Building a computer ten times more powerful than all the networked computing capability in the United States is the subject of this book by leading figures in the high performance computing community. It summarizes the near-term initiatives, including the technical and policy agendas for what could be a twenty-year effort to build a petaFLOP scale computer. (A FLOP -- Floating Point OPeration -- is a standard measure of computer performance and a PetaFLOP computer would perform a million billion of these operations per second.) Chapters focus on four interrelated areas: applications and algorithms, device technology, architecture and systems, and software technology.While a petaFLOPS machine is beyond anything within contemporary experience, early research into petaFLOPS system design and methodologies is essential to U.S. leadership in all facets of computing into the next century. The findings reported here explore new and fertile ground. Among them: construction of an effective petaFLOPS computing system will be feasible in two decades, although effectiveness and applicability will depend on dramatic cost reductions as well as innovative approaches to system software and programming methodologies; a mix of technologies such as semiconductors, optics, and possibly cryogenics will be required; and while no fundamental paradigm shift in system architecture is expected, active latency management will be essential, requiring a high degree of fine-grain parallelism and the mechanisms to exploit it.Scientific and Engineering Computation series

  • Bibliography

    Building a computer ten times more powerful than all the networked computing capability in the United States is the subject of this book by leading figures in the high performance computing community. It summarizes the near-term initiatives, including the technical and policy agendas for what could be a twenty-year effort to build a petaFLOP scale computer. (A FLOP -- Floating Point OPeration -- is a standard measure of computer performance and a PetaFLOP computer would perform a million billion of these operations per second.) Chapters focus on four interrelated areas: applications and algorithms, device technology, architecture and systems, and software technology.While a petaFLOPS machine is beyond anything within contemporary experience, early research into petaFLOPS system design and methodologies is essential to U.S. leadership in all facets of computing into the next century. The findings reported here explore new and fertile ground. Among them: construction of an effective petaFLOPS computing system will be feasible in two decades, although effectiveness and applicability will depend on dramatic cost reductions as well as innovative approaches to system software and programming methodologies; a mix of technologies such as semiconductors, optics, and possibly cryogenics will be required; and while no fundamental paradigm shift in system architecture is expected, active latency management will be essential, requiring a high degree of fine-grain parallelism and the mechanisms to exploit it.Scientific and Engineering Computation series

  • Back Matter

    Building a computer ten times more powerful than all the networked computing capability in the United States is the subject of this book by leading figures in the high performance computing community. It summarizes the near-term initiatives, including the technical and policy agendas for what could be a twenty-year effort to build a petaFLOP scale computer. (A FLOP -- Floating Point OPeration -- is a standard measure of computer performance and a PetaFLOP computer would perform a million billion of these operations per second.) Chapters focus on four interrelated areas: applications and algorithms, device technology, architecture and systems, and software technology.While a petaFLOPS machine is beyond anything within contemporary experience, early research into petaFLOPS system design and methodologies is essential to U.S. leadership in all facets of computing into the next century. The findings reported here explore new and fertile ground. Among them: construction of an effective petaFLOPS computing system will be feasible in two decades, although effectiveness and applicability will depend on dramatic cost reductions as well as innovative approaches to system software and programming methodologies; a mix of technologies such as semiconductors, optics, and possibly cryogenics will be required; and while no fundamental paradigm shift in system architecture is expected, active latency management will be essential, requiring a high degree of fine-grain parallelism and the mechanisms to exploit it.Scientific and Engineering Computation series

  • Supplementary Study on Gate-Controlled Bipolar Action in the Ultra-Thin Dynamic Threshold SOI MOSFET

    This chapter introduces significant aspects of low-temperature minority- carrier injection in the n-channel dynamic threshold (DT) MOSFET with various silicon-on-insulator (SOI) layer thicknesses. Drain current versus gate voltage and gate current versus gate voltage characteristics are evaluated at temperatures ranging from 300 K to 30 K, and minority-carrier injection is characterized. The impacts of temperature, channel length, and silicon-on- insulator layer thickness on opposite drain current behavior are discussed by examining the transconductance characteristics. [Reprinted from Cryogenics, vol. 49, Y. Omura and T. Tochio, Significant aspects of minority carrier injection in dynamic-threshold SOI MOSFET at low temperature, pp. 611-614, Copyright 2009, with permission from Elsevier.]



Standards related to Cryogenics

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No standards are currently tagged "Cryogenics"


Jobs related to Cryogenics

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