Cryogenics

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In physics, cryogenics is the study of the production of very low temperature (below −150 °C, −238 °F or 123 K) and the behavior of materials at those temperatures. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Cryogenics

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2019 IEEE 28th Symposium on Fusion Engineering (SOFE)

fusion engineering, physics and materials, plasma heating, vacuum technology, tritium processing, fueling, first walls, blankets and divertors


2018 13th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS® Association and EuMA and is the premierEuropean technical conference for RF microelectronics. Aim of the conference is to promote thediscussion of recent developments and trends, and to encourage the exchange of scientific andtechnical information covering a broad range of high-frequency related topics, from materialsand technologies to integrated circuits and applications, that will be addressed in all of theiraspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement. If you are interested in anything aboutmicrowave and RF IC's, the EuMIC conference is an exceptional venue to learn about the latestadvances in the field and meet recognized experts from both Industry and Academia.

  • 2017 12th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS® Association and EuMA and is the premier European technical conference for RF microelectronics. Aim of the conference is to promote the discussion of recent developments and trends, and to encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information covering a broad range of high-frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits and applications, that will be addressed in all of theiraspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement. If you are interested in anything about microwave and RF IC's, the EuMIC conference is an exceptional venue to learn about the latest advances in the field and meet recognized experts from both Industry and Academia.

  • 2016 11th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS® Association and EuMA and is the premier European technical conference for RF microelectronics. Aim of the conference is to promote the discussion of recent developments and trends, and to encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information covering a broad range of high-frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits and applications, that will be addressed in all of their aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement. If you are interested in anything about microwave and RF IC's, the EuMIC conference is an exceptional venue to learn about the latest advances in the field and meet recognized experts from both Industry and Academia.

  • 2015 10th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS® Association and EuMA and is the premier European technical conference for RF microelectronics. Aim of the conference is to promote the discussion of recent developments and trends, and to encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information covering a broad range of high-frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits and applications, that will be addressed in all of their aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement. If you are interested in anything about microwave and RF IC’s, the EuMIC conference is an exceptional venue to learn about the latest advances in the field and meet recognized experts from both Industry and Academia.

  • 2014 9th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS

  • 2013 European Microwave Integrated Circuit Conference (EuMIC)

    RF and microwave devices for telecommunication and sensor systems including UMTS/LTE, LMDS and other systems working in the microwave and millimetre -wave range. Covering recent development and trends in physical fundamentals, physical and behavoural modeling, microwave and opto-electric devices and monolithic design in GaAs, InP, SiGe, GaN and SiC technologies.

  • 2012 European Microwave Integrated Circuit Conference (EuMIC)

    Microwave integrated circuits: modelling, simulation and characterisation of devices and circuits; technologies and devices; circuit design and applications.

  • 2011 European Microwave Integrated Circuit Conference (EuMIC)

    RF and microwave devices for telecommunication and sensor systems including UMTS/LTE, LMDS and other systems working in the microwave and millimetre-wave range. Covering recent development and trends in physical fundamentals, physical and behavoural modeling, microwave and opto-electric devices and monolithic design in GaAs, InP, SiGe, GaN and SiC technologies.

  • 2010 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    EuMIC is the leading conference for MMICs/RFICs and their applications in Europe. The aim of the conference is to promote the discussion of recent developments and trends, and encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information on physical fundamentals, material technology, process development and technology, physics based and empirical behavioral modeling of microwave and optoelectronic active devices and design of monolithic ICs

  • 2009 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The 4th European Microwave Integrated Circut Conference, EuMIC, in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, is one of four conferences at the European Microwave Week 2008, the largest event in Europe dedicated to microwave electronics. EuMIC is the leading European conference for RFIC/MMIC technology and applications. The aim of the conference is to cover recent research and development on material technology, process development/technology.

  • 2008 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The third European Microwave Integrated Circut Conference, EuMIC, in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, is one of four conferences at the European Microwave Week 2008, the largest event in Europe dedicated to microwave electronics. EuMIC is the leading European conference for RFIC/MMIC technology and applications. The aim of the conference is to cover recent research and development on material technology, process development/technology.

  • 2007 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    RF and microwave devices for telecommunication and sensor systems including UMTS, LMDS and other systems working in the microwave and millimetre-wave range. Covering recent development and trends in physical fundamentals, physicas and behavoural modeling, microwave and opto-electric devices and monolithic design in GaAs, InP, SiGe, GaN and SiC technologies.

  • 2006 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC) (Formerly GAAS)

  • GAAS 2005 - European Gallium Arsenide and Other Semiconductors Application Symposium


2018 43rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz2018)

Covering terahertz, far infrared and millimeter wave science, technology and applications


2018 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC)

Topics cover a complete survey of the field of charged particle accelerator science and technology and infrastructure.


2018 IEEE 18th Topical Meeting on Silicon Monolithic Integrated Circuits in RF Systems (SiRF)

This is a set of five conferences with a focus on wireless components, applications and systems that affect both now and our future lifestyle. The main niche of these conferences is to bring together technologists, circuit designers, system designers and entrepreneurs at a single event. It was and is the place where these worlds meet, where new processes and systems can be benchmarked against the needs of circuit designers at the bleeding edge of RF systems. This is also an area where today's design compromises can trigger tomorrow's advanced technologies, where dreams can become a reality.


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Periodicals related to Cryogenics

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on

The design and manufacture of consumer electronics products, components, and related activities, particularly those used for entertainment, leisure, and educational purposes


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Most published Xplore authors for Cryogenics

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Xplore Articles related to Cryogenics

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Thermal bubble dynamics in cryogenic liquids under non-uniform electric fields on superconducting power apparatus

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Southampton Univ., UK', u'full_name': u'P. Wang'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Southampton Univ., UK', u'full_name': u'D. J. Swaffield'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Southampton Univ., UK', u'full_name': u'P. L. Lewin'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Southampton Univ., UK', u'full_name': u'G. Chen'}] CEIDP '05. 2005 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2005., None

Thermal bubbles in the liquid coolant of superconducting and cryogenic apparatus are considered to be one of the factors that reduce the electrical breakdown voltage of the apparatus. This paper describes an experimental study of the influence of a non-uniform electric field on bubble behaviour and motion in liquid nitrogen. The electric field effect is quantitatively investigated by performing experiments ...


Breakdown characteristics of liquid nitrogen under composite voltages

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Electr. Eng., Indian Inst. of Technol., Madras, India', u'full_name': u'R. K. Sahu'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Electr. Eng., Indian Inst. of Technol., Madras, India', u'full_name': u'M. K. Pradhan'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Electr. Eng., Indian Inst. of Technol., Madras, India', u'full_name': u'R. Sarathi'}] CEIDP '05. 2005 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2005., None

In the present work, a carefully designed experimental set up has been used to measure breakdown voltages (BDV) of LN2 under realistic conditions which are likely to be encountered in the complex electrical systems in the field. Different electrode profiles viz. sphere-sphere, needle-plane has been used to simulate various practical conditions. The Authors particularly focuses on the breakdown characteristics of ...


Dielectric Properties of Cryogenic Liquids

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Research and Development Center, General Electric Company, Schenectady, N. Y.', u'full_name': u'Kenneth N. Mathes'}] IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, 1967

Electric-breakdown measurements at 60 Hz have been made with cryogenic liquids-nitrogen, hydrogen, and helium. All of the cryogenic liquids have higher breakdown voltages than conventional transformer oil, except liquid helium which breaks down at a considerably lower voltage. The measured values of dielectric constant for the cryogenic liquids agree quite well with the published literature. The dissipation factor of the ...


Considerations about HTS superconducting transformers

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'CRTBT, Grenoble, France', u'full_name': u'G. Donnier-Valentin'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'P. Tixador'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'E. Vinot'}] IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 2001

A superconducting transformer brings savings in weight, loss and to a lesser degree, in volume. A transformer uses a magnetic circuit in order to decrease the no-load current. The magnetic circuit can operate either at the same temperature than the superconducting windings or at room temperature. In the first case the cryostat is simple and can be metallic but the ...


Successful RF and Cryogenic Tests of the SOLEIL Cryomodule

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'SYNCHROTRON SOLEIL, Saint-Aubin, 91192 Gif sur Yvette cedex, France', u'full_name': u'P. Marchand'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'M. Louvet'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'K. Tavakoli'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'full_name': u'C. Thomas-Madec'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'full_name': u'P. Bosland'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'full_name': u'Ph. Bredy'}, {u'author_order': 7, u'full_name': u'S. Chel'}, {u'author_order': 8, u'full_name': u'G. Devanz'}, {u'author_order': 9, u'full_name': u'R. Losito'}, {u'author_order': 10, u'full_name': u'P. Maesen'}, {u'author_order': 11, u'full_name': u'M. Prax'}, {u'author_order': 12, u'full_name': u'L. Arnaudon'}, {u'author_order': 13, u'full_name': u'O. Brunner'}, {u'author_order': 14, u'full_name': u'E. Montesinos'}, {u'author_order': 15, u'full_name': u'G. Pechaud'}] Proceedings of the 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference, None

In the Storage Ring (SR) of the Synchrotron SOLEIL light source, two cryomodules will provide the maximum power of 600 kW required at the nominal energy of 2.75 GeV with the full beam current of 500 mA and all the insertion devices. A cryomodule prototype, housing two 352 MHz superconducting single- cell cavities with strong damping of the Higher Order ...


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Educational Resources on Cryogenics

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eLearning

No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Cryogenics"

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Cryogenics

    This chapter discusses ways of cooling detectors, some associated calculations, measuring the temperatures, and the safety hazards. Work at low temperatures require calculations of the time required for components to cool, the ultimate temperature they will reach, and the amount of cryogen used in the cooling process. The chapter also discusses the thermal properties and how the required calculations are done. Conduction from room temperature into the cryogen is minimized by using supports with the smallest possible cross section and as long as possible. The measurement of temperatures is an important part of cryogenics. Several potential safety hazards exist when working with cryogens, but simple precautions are available to protect against all of them. If miniature gas lines (used to supply gaseous nitrogen to open‐cycle refrigerators) should break while under pressure, they can whip around, causing serious cuts or eye damage.

  • Supplementary Study on Gate-Controlled Bipolar Action in the Ultra-Thin Dynamic Threshold SOI MOSFET

    This chapter introduces significant aspects of low-temperature minority- carrier injection in the n-channel dynamic threshold (DT) MOSFET with various silicon-on-insulator (SOI) layer thicknesses. Drain current versus gate voltage and gate current versus gate voltage characteristics are evaluated at temperatures ranging from 300 K to 30 K, and minority-carrier injection is characterized. The impacts of temperature, channel length, and silicon-on- insulator layer thickness on opposite drain current behavior are discussed by examining the transconductance characteristics. [Reprinted from _Cryogenics_, vol. 49, Y. Omura and T. Tochio, Significant aspects of minority carrier injection in dynamic-threshold SOI MOSFET at low temperature, pp. 611-614, Copyright 2009, with permission from Elsevier.]



Standards related to Cryogenics

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No standards are currently tagged "Cryogenics"