Copper

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Copper is a chemical element with the symbol Cu and atomic number 29. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Copper

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2020 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS)

IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.


2019 21st European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE '19 ECCE Europe)

Energy conversion and conditioning technologies, power electronics, adjustable speed drives and their applications, power electronics for smarter grid, energy efficiency,technologies for sustainable energy systems, converters and power supplies


2019 IEEE 46th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and related science and technology


2019 IEEE 69th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

premier components, packaging and technology conference


2019 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC)

APEC focuses on the practical and applied aspects of the power electronics business. The conference addresses issues of immediate and long term importance to practicing power electronics engineer.


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Periodicals related to Copper

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Advanced Packaging, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging has its focus on the modeling, design, and analysis of advanced electronic, photonic, sensors, and MEMS packaging.


Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on

Broadcast technology, including devices, equipment, techniques, and systems related to broadcast technology, including the production, distribution, transmission, and propagation aspects.


Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on

Video A/D and D/A, display technology, image analysis and processing, video signal characterization and representation, video compression techniques and signal processing, multidimensional filters and transforms, analog video signal processing, neural networks for video applications, nonlinear video signal processing, video storage and retrieval, computer vision, packet video, high-speed real-time circuits, VLSI architecture and implementation for video technology, multiprocessor systems--hardware and software-- ...


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Xplore Articles related to Copper

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The 1200-volt railroad — A study of its value for interurban railways

[{u'author_order': 1, u'full_name': u'Charles E. Eveleth'}] Proceedings of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1910

The various 1200-volt interurban railways have now been operating a sufficient length of time to prove that there are no material objections to the use of this voltage on passenger cars. The nature of such minor difficulties as have been experienced have been such that their correction has required only detail changes of design which have been readily made. The ...


Study on Protection of HTS Coil Against Quench Due to Temperature Rise of Long Part of HTS Wires

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Yokohama National University, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama, Japan', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/38572320800', u'full_name': u'Takuya Minagawa', u'id': 38572320800}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Yokohama National University, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama, Japan', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37278539800', u'full_name': u'Yasutaka Fujimoto', u'id': 37278539800}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Yokohama National University, Hodogayaku, Yokohama, Japan', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37269326600', u'full_name': u'Osami Tsukamoto', u'id': 37269326600}] IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 2013

Generally, high-temperature superconducting coated conductors (CC) are hard to be quenched by local and transient disturbances during normal operation because of the high temperature margin and high heat capacity of the conductor. However, the CCs still have possibilities of unexpected quenches originated by the appearance of local defects due to repeated mechanical stresses, and by temperature rise of the long ...


Transmission system of the Southern power company

[{u'author_order': 1, u'full_name': u'W. S. Lee'}] Proceedings of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1911

The following data is submitted in regard to the operation of the high-tension transmission lines of the Southern Power Company, of Charlotte, N. C.


Forced-oil and forced-water circulation for cooling oil-insulated transformers

[{u'author_order': 1, u'full_name': u'C. C. Chesney'}] Proceedings of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1907

With the increased demand for large individual transformers, and for installations of large aggregate capacity, the relative merits of forced-oil and forced-water circulation for the cooling of oil-insulated transformers have been recently receiving the special attention of transformer designers.


Aging Effect in Differently Coated BaZrO<formula formulatype="inline"><tex Notation="TeX">$_{3}$</tex></formula>-Doped GdBaCuO Thin Films Deposited From a Nanograined Target

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Wihuri Physical Laboratory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, Turku, Finland', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37312594500', u'full_name': u'P. Paturi', u'id': 37312594500}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Wihuri Physical Laboratory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, Turku, Finland', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37312591300', u'full_name': u'K. Schlesier', u'id': 37312591300}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Wihuri Physical Laboratory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, Turku, Finland', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37312590400', u'full_name': u'H. Huhtinen', u'id': 37312590400}] IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 2011

We have studied aging in laser ablated 2 wt% BaZrO3doped GdBaCuO (GdBCO) thin films. The films were coated with gold, silver, copper, photoresist and stycast. One film was left without coating for reference. The superconducting and structural properties were followed for several months. The critical temperature_Tc_and current density_Jc_were determined from magnetization measurements. The changes in structure were investigated with x-ray ...


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Educational Resources on Copper

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eLearning

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Superconducting Antennas

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * Superconductivity Concepts for Antenna Engineers * Dipole, Loop, and Patch Antennas * Phasers and Delay Lines * Superconducting Antenna Summary * References

  • A C‐RAN Approach for 5G Applications

    5G networks are anticipated to obtain Shannon‐level and beyond throughput, and almost zero latency in future cellular networks. However, there are several challenges to solve if 5G is to outperform legacy mobile platforms; one of these is the design of the communication ‘haul.’ Traditionally, the backhaul segment connects the radio access network (RAN) to the rest of the network where the baseband processing takes place at the cell site. However, in this chapter, we will use the concept of ‘fronthaul access,’ which is recently gaining significant interest since it has the potential to support remote baseband processing based on adopting a cloud radio access network (C‐RAN) architecture that aims to mitigate (or coordinate) interference in operator‐deployed infrastructures; this eases significantly the requirements in interference‐aware transceivers. To do this, we provide a reference architecture which includes a network and protocol architecture incorporating a so‐called ‘cloud resource optimizer.’ The emergence of wireless fronthaul solutions widens the appeal of fronthaul for small‐cell deployments, because a fibre‐only solution – the technology typically used for fronthaul – is too expensive or just not available at many small‐cell sites. Moreover, we will also present the idea of virtual mobile small cells; these small cells are created on demand according to traffic demand.

  • Rotor Inspection

    This chapter talks about inspection of the rotor, mostly while removed from the stator. It aims to serve as a guide to learning the specific problems and failure mechanisms, and their identification that will make it possible to correctly assess intrinsic risks for a given design, and to notice explicit signs of deterioration, damage, and/or impending failure. In large machines, balance weights, bolts, nuts, and any other rotor attachments are subjected to intensive centrifugal forces. The chapter provides discussion about the condition of the windings, cleanliness, or the lack of it, that plays in the condition of the rotor. The end rings contain the radial displacement of the copper end windings and the supporting blocks. In two‐or four‐pole machines, one arrangement of the rotor‐mounted fans has the fan blades attached to fan rings or hubs shrunk onto the shaft.

  • Materials for Grounding

    This chapter introduces the requirement on material and size for grounding conductors, corrosion of grounding conductor and concrete‐encased electrodes, low‐resistivity material and its performances in decreasing power‐frequency and impulse grounding resistance.

  • IP Technology Disrupts Voice Telephony

    This chapter contains sections titled:Introduction to the Public Switched Telephone NetworkThe Digital PSTNThe Packet Revolution in Telephony

  • Broadband Access

    This chapter contains sections titled:Broadband Services Over CopperThe Passive Optical NetworkEthernet in the First MileService ProvisioningSelected Bibliography

  • Three-Phase Circuits

    This chapter shows that the genesis of three-phase lines and systems and provides information on how to make computations with these systems in the particularly important (and easy) case of balanced three-phase systems. Important advantage of three-phase systems is the fact that, differently from single-phase transmission, the instantaneous power delivered by three-phase generators and transferred to three-phase loads is constant. The three load impedances discussed were connected between the line wires, forming a triangle. The chapter describes the single-phase equivalent of the three-phase circuit and power in three-phase systems. It discusses the single-phase feeding from three-phase systems. Finally, the chapter ends with short biography of Tesla.

  • Fundamentals of Ground Grid Design

    The grounding system is an essential part of both high- and low-voltage electrical power networks. Design of a ground grid is part of the overall design of a substation. The ground rods are driven in and the ground grid constructed before the surface layer of gravel is poured and the above-ground portions of the substation constructed. The most important factor in terms of overcurrent phenomena is the sizing of the ground grid conductors. The conductors of a ground grid should be designed for a particular maximum fault current, X/R ratio, and clearing time. This chapter illustrates a design data for ground grid example from IEEE standard 80. This calculation is performed using improved and more uniform calculation procedures than those used in the referenced standard.

  • Coil Design and Temperature Calculations

    Magnetic actuators and sensors are often components of large systems, such as automobiles. The actuators and sensors must perform reliably in the system environment and interface properly with the system. To interface properly with system power supplies, the coils of the magnetic components must be properly designed. As part of the coil design, the temperatures developed by the coils and the components must be predicted. This chapter discusses the coil design and temperature calculations for magnetic actuators and sensors. The concepts discussed in the chapter are wire size determination for direct current (DC) currents, coil time constant and impedance, skin effects and proximity effects for alternating current (AC) currents, and finite-element computation of temperatures.

  • Rotor Winding Insulation Systems

    This chapter outlines where insulation is needed and the stresses that act on the insulation for the various rotor winding components such as windings, slip rings, retaining rings, end winding banding, etc. Rotor winding insulation is exposed to stresses that are different from those in the stator winding. Most types of rotors in motors and generators, except the SCI type, have both ground and turn insulation. Collector rings are also needed for wound induction rotor motor windings. The retaining ring insulation is inserted between the radial outer (or top) of the field coils and the retaining rings. A number of materials have been used for retaining ring insulation. More complicated designs for direct-cooled rotors for the largest generators utilize hollow sections of copper for the slot sections of the coils and partially for the copper under the retaining rings.



Standards related to Copper

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IEEE Standard for Heterogeneous InterConnect (HIC), (Low-Cost, Low-Latency Scalable Serial Interconnect for Parallel System Construction)

Physical connectors and cables, electrical properties, and logical protocols for point to point serial scaleable interconnect, operating at speeds of 10-200 Mbit/sec and at 1 Gbit/sec in copper and optic technologies (as developed in Open Microprocessor systems Initiative/heterogeneous InterConnect Project (OMI/HIC).


IEEE Standard Method for Measuring the Effectiveness of Electromagnetic Shielding Enclosures

This standard provides uniform measurement procedures for determining the effectiveness of electromagnetic (EM) shielding enclosures at frequencies from 9 kHz to 18 GHz (extendable down to 50 Hz and up to 100 GHz). The owner of the shielding enclosure shall provide the frequencies at which the shield will be tested, and the shielding effectiveness (SE) limits for pass/fail. This standard ...



Jobs related to Copper

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