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GLOBECOM 2016 - 2016 IEEE Global Communications Conference

IEEE GLOBECOM is one of two flagship conferences of the IEEE Communications Society, together with IEEE ICC. Each year the conference attracts about 3000 submitted scientific papers. A technical program committee of more than 1,500 experts provides more than 10,000 reviews, and from this a small fraction of the submitted papers are accepted for publication and presentation at the conference. The conference meets once a year in North America and attracts roughly 2000 leading scientists and researchers and industry leaders from all around the world. IEEE GLOBECOM is therefore one of the most significant scientific events of the networking and communications community, a must-attend event for scientists and researchers from industry and academia.


IGARSS 2015 - 2015 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

The Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society (GRSS) seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields using conferences, education and other resources. Its fields of interest are the theory, concepts and techniques of science and engineering as they apply to the remote sensing of the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space, as well as the processing, interpretation and dissemination of this information.

  • IGARSS 2014 - 2014 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    GRSS seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields. IGARSS begins with a plenary session and tutorials on the most up-to-date topics. Paper, panel and poster sessions will be scheduled. The exhibit hall features the latest in geoscience instruments, equipment, software, publications, and scientific programs.

  • IGARSS 2013 - 2013 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    GRSS seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields. IGARSS begins with a plenary session and tutorials on the most up-to-date topics. Paper, panel and poster sessions will be scheduled. The exhibit hall features the latest in geoscience instruments, equipment, software, publications, and scientific programs.

  • IGARSS 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    Remote Sensing Techniques and Applications.

  • IGARSS 2011 - 2011 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    To gather world-class scientists, engineers and educators engaged in the fields of geoscience and remote sensing to meet and present their latest activities. Nearly 1900 participants from all over the world attended technical sessions, tutorials, exhibits and social activities at the 2010 event in Hawaii.

  • IGARSS 2010 - 2010 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    Remote Sensing techniques and applications

  • IGARSS 2009 - 2009 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    The programme for Cape Town will have several special sessions, in addition to maintaining continuity of traditional GRSS themes. IGARSS 2009 will celebrate ten years of MODIS Earth observations, and five years of the GEOSS programme. On the technical side, special sessions on microsatellites will be organized. In terms of African development, several sessions on applications will address disaster preparedness and response, global change and adaptation, good governance and role of RS in health.


2014 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

The Frontiers in Education (FIE)Conference is the major international conference about educational innovations and research in engineering and computing. FIE 2014 continues a long tradition of disseminating results in these areas. It is an ideal forum for sharing ideas; learning about developments in computer science, engineering, and technology education; and interacting with colleagues in these fields.

  • 2013 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

    The Frontiers in Education (FIE)Conference is the major international conference about educational innovations and research in engineering and computing. FIE 2013 continues a long tradition of disseminating results in these areas. It is an ideal forum for sharing ideas; learning about developments in computer science, engineering, and technology education; and interacting with colleagues in these fields.

  • 2012 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

    The Frontiers in Education (FIE)Conference is the major international conference about educational innovations and research in engineering and computing. FIE 2012 continues a long tradition of disseminating results in these areas. It is an ideal forum for sharing ideas; learning about developments in computer science, engineering, and technology education; and interacting with colleagues in these fields.

  • 2011 Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

    The Frontiers in Education (FIE) Conference is the major international conference about educational innovations and research in engineering and computing. FIE 2011 continues a long tradition of disseminating results in these areas. It is an ideal forum for sharing ideas; learning about developments in computer science, engineering, and technology education; and interacting with colleagues in these fields.

  • 2010 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

    (FIE) Conference is a major international conference devoted to improvements in computer science, engineering, and technology (CSET) education. FIE 2008 continues a long tradition of disseminating educational research results and innovative practices in CSET education. It is an ideal forum for sharing ideas, learning about developments in CSET education, and interacting with colleagues.

  • 2009 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

    FIE is a major international conference devoted to improvements in computer science, engineering and technology (CSET) education. FIE continues a loong tradition of disseminating educational research results and innovative practices in CSET education. It is an ideal forum for sharing ideas, learning about developments in CSET education, and interacting with colleagues.

  • 2008 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

  • 2007 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

    Globalization has dramatically changed engineering. Global engineering teams design products for global markets. Knowledge has no borders in a world where information flow is digitalized and sent worldwide in seconds. A core requirement of engineering globalization is an understanding of how the different cultures of the global marketplace shape product development, mult-national engineering teams, and consumer expectations. Engineering education must address this issue.

  • 2006 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

  • 2005 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)


2013 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS)

Many conferences focus on a specific discipline or subject. Although specialization is important, HICSS has chosen to become one of the few general-purpose conferences addressing issues in the areas of computer science, computer engineering, and information systems. The fundamental purpose of this conference is to provide a forum for the exchange of ideas, research results, development activities, and applications. HICSS brings together highly qualified interdisciplinary professionals in an interactive environment.

  • 2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS)

    Now in its 45th year, the Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) is one of the longest-standing continuously running scientific conferences. This conference brings together researchers in an aloha-friendly atmosphere conducive to free exchange of scientific ideas. HICSS offers a unique, highly interactive and professionally challenging environment that attendees find "very helpful with lots of different perspectives and ideas as a result of discussion."

  • 2011 44th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS)

    HICSS-43 offers a unique, highly interactive and professionally challenging environment that attendees find "very helpful -- lots of different perspectives and ideas as a result of discussion." HICSS sessions are comprised primarily of refereed paper presentations; the conference does not host vendor presentations.

  • 2010 43rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS)

    HICSS-43 offers a unique, highly interactive and professionally challenging environment that attendees find "very helpful -- lots of different perspectives and ideas as a result of discussion." HICSS sessions are comprised primarily of refereed paper presentations; the conference does not host vendor presentations. The conference operation is funded entirely by registration fees; therefore, HICSS is not able to subsidize registrations or offer reduced fees, nor partial registration


2012 IEEE 12th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT)

ICALT is an annual international conference on Advanced Learning Technologies and Technology-enhanced Learning. The scope of the conference is to provide a forum for exchange of ideas among interested practitioners, researchers, developers, maintainers, users and students in the field of Advanced Learning Technologies and Technology-enhanced Learning.

  • 2011 11th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT)

    ICALT is an annual international conference on Advanced Learning Technologies and Technology-enhanced Learning. The scope of the conference is to provide a forum for exchange of ideas among interested practitioners, researchers, developers, maintainers, users and students in the field of Advanced Learning Technologies and Technology-enhanced Learning

  • 2010 IEEE 10th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT)

    ICALT is an annual international conference on Advanced Learning Technologies and Technology-enhanced Learning organized by IEEE Computer Society and IEEE Technical Committee on Learning Technology. After its kick-off as IWALT in Palmerston North, New Zealand (2000), ICALT has been held in New Zealand (2000), Madisson, USA (2001), Kazan, Russia (2002), Athens, Greece(2003), Joensuu, Finland (2004), Kaohsiung, Taiwan (2005), Kerkade, The Netherlands (2006), Niigata, Japan (2007), Santander, Spain (2008), Rig

  • 2009 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT)

    CALT is an annual international conference on Advanced Learning Technologies and Technology-enhanced Learning organized by IEEE Computer Society and IEEE Technical Committee on Learning Technology.

  • 2008 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT)

    It is unquestionable that technology is a useful tool to enhance the learning process and during the last ICALT conferences significant advances have been presented in this sense. Besides the usual topics of the conference, this edition of the conference aims to explore the role of learning technologies to step forward in the transformation from the information society to a knowledge society where everybody can be benefit from technologies to enhance her learning process

  • 2007 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT)

  • 2006 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT)


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Communications Magazine, IEEE

IEEE Communications Magazine was the number three most-cited journal in telecommunications and the number eighteen cited journal in electrical and electronics engineering in 2004, according to the annual Journal Citation Report (2004 edition) published by the Institute for Scientific Information. Read more at http://www.ieee.org/products/citations.html. This magazine covers all areas of communications such as lightwave telecommunications, high-speed data communications, personal communications ...


Engineering Management, IEEE Transactions on

Management of technical functions such as research, development, and engineering in industry, government, university, and other settings. Emphasis is on studies carried on within an organization to help in decision making or policy formation for RD&E.


Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on

All telecommunications, including telephone, telegraphy, facsimile, and point-to-point television, by electromagnetic propagation, including radio; wire; aerial, underground, coaxial, and submarine cables; waveguides, communication satellites, and lasers; in marine, aeronautical, space, and fixed station services; repeaters, radio relaying, signal storage, and regeneration; telecommunication error detection and correction; multiplexing and carrier techniques; communication switching systems; data communications; communication theory; and wireless communications.




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Reliable process monitoring through tool optimization leads to yield improvement

Jack Chang; Vamsi Velidandla Asia-Pacific Magnetic Recording Conference 2006, 2006

Hard drive manufacturers need a consistent and reliable monitoring process to ensure product quality at all stages in the manufacturing process. This paper discusses the problems associated with inspection tool matching and the related solutions used to accurately measure defects and other metrics at any part of the process. A systematic approach to solving tool matching issues involves adjustment of ...


Marine geo-environments. Multidisciplinary approach to coastal sedimentary environments, continental edges and deep sea basins

P. Giresse; J. P. Barusseau; J. Benkhelil; T. Courp; C. Descamps; V. Gaullier; H. Pauc Environment and Solar, 2000 Mediterranean Conference for, 2000

Activity of the Laboratoire de Sedimentologie Marine concerns the marine environments and paleoenvironments on coastal and deep marine domains. This activity, implies a qualitative and quantitative approaches of the sedimentary input, their transfer and evolution in their areas of deposition involving the determination of the factors which control the accumulation and transformation of the particulate material. The exchanges at the ...


Lessons learned from the deployment of a high-interaction honeypot

E. Alata; V. Nicomette; M. Kaaniche; M. Dacier; M. Herrb 2006 Sixth European Dependable Computing Conference, 2006

This paper presents an experimental study and the lessons learned from the observation of the attackers when logged on a compromised machine. The results are based on a six months period during which a controlled experiment has been run with a high interaction honeypot. We correlate our findings with those obtained with a worldwide distributed system of low-interaction honeypots


Electronics' Part in Australia's Dynamic Growth

Lionel Hooke IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, 1974

Australia is a vast island continent of approximately 3 million mi2, with a population now in excess of 13 million. Considering the last 73 years since Federation, electronics has been a major factor enabling Australia's rapid growth. This influence was there almost from the start, by providing communications to a land isolated from the rest of the world. The modern ...


Cultural differences in electronic marketplaces

Yan Zhu; Mathieu Leboulanger; Yan Li 2008 International Conference on Service Systems and Service Management, 2008

The development of Internet has fostered giant online customer to customer (C2C) marketplaces operating globally. Because of internetpsilas uniformity and standardization, will consumers demonstrate similar behaviours in the uniform platform? From national and cultural perspectives, we attempt to investigate eBaypsilas mechanisms and userspsila habits of using a similar platform by observing the transaction of eBay in the United States, France ...


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Educational Resources on Continents

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eLearning

Reliable process monitoring through tool optimization leads to yield improvement

Jack Chang; Vamsi Velidandla Asia-Pacific Magnetic Recording Conference 2006, 2006

Hard drive manufacturers need a consistent and reliable monitoring process to ensure product quality at all stages in the manufacturing process. This paper discusses the problems associated with inspection tool matching and the related solutions used to accurately measure defects and other metrics at any part of the process. A systematic approach to solving tool matching issues involves adjustment of ...


Marine geo-environments. Multidisciplinary approach to coastal sedimentary environments, continental edges and deep sea basins

P. Giresse; J. P. Barusseau; J. Benkhelil; T. Courp; C. Descamps; V. Gaullier; H. Pauc Environment and Solar, 2000 Mediterranean Conference for, 2000

Activity of the Laboratoire de Sedimentologie Marine concerns the marine environments and paleoenvironments on coastal and deep marine domains. This activity, implies a qualitative and quantitative approaches of the sedimentary input, their transfer and evolution in their areas of deposition involving the determination of the factors which control the accumulation and transformation of the particulate material. The exchanges at the ...


Lessons learned from the deployment of a high-interaction honeypot

E. Alata; V. Nicomette; M. Kaaniche; M. Dacier; M. Herrb 2006 Sixth European Dependable Computing Conference, 2006

This paper presents an experimental study and the lessons learned from the observation of the attackers when logged on a compromised machine. The results are based on a six months period during which a controlled experiment has been run with a high interaction honeypot. We correlate our findings with those obtained with a worldwide distributed system of low-interaction honeypots


Electronics' Part in Australia's Dynamic Growth

Lionel Hooke IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, 1974

Australia is a vast island continent of approximately 3 million mi2, with a population now in excess of 13 million. Considering the last 73 years since Federation, electronics has been a major factor enabling Australia's rapid growth. This influence was there almost from the start, by providing communications to a land isolated from the rest of the world. The modern ...


Cultural differences in electronic marketplaces

Yan Zhu; Mathieu Leboulanger; Yan Li 2008 International Conference on Service Systems and Service Management, 2008

The development of Internet has fostered giant online customer to customer (C2C) marketplaces operating globally. Because of internetpsilas uniformity and standardization, will consumers demonstrate similar behaviours in the uniform platform? From national and cultural perspectives, we attempt to investigate eBaypsilas mechanisms and userspsila habits of using a similar platform by observing the transaction of eBay in the United States, France ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Power System Control and Estimation in a Competitive Environment

    Electric power grids are machines that span continents, with dynamics that are correspondingly complex. Further complications to the operation of power networks have now arisen in many parts of the world as a consequence of the deregulation and competition underway in the industry. Vertical integration, centralized control, and conservative operation in the past helped ensure stability and reliability in power supply. In a competitive, deregulated environment, in which none of these strategies is feasible, assuring reliability is considerably more difficult. The synchronous ac power grid is a unique entity in that the rotating generators connected to the grid are all dynamically coupled, regardless of geographical or topological separation. Imbalance of generation and consumption has instaneous ripple effects on all generators and loads. In the past, with conservative approaches to power plant operation, power grid loading, and the overall network control, power system behavior was sufficiently well behaved that linear control design proved reasonably effective. Today, nonlinear, decentralized control and optimization techniques are needed. Several new technologies are being explored in this context. High-sampling rate sensors and time synchronization via the global positioning system (GPS) may permit state estimations of greater accuracy. Flexible ac transmission devices (FACTS), especially within the so-called universal power flow controllers, promise substantially greater control over the transmission systems, permitting network operators to route power independently of network impedance characteristics. New algorithmic technologies are also under active investigation, including agent-based modeling and optimization and randomized algorithms.

  • Computers, Networks, and Work

    Global Networks takes up the host of issues raised by the new networking technology that now links individuals, groups, and organizations in different countries and on different continents. The twenty-one contributions focus on the implementation, application, and impact of computer-mediated communication in a global context.Previously limited to scientific research, global networks now have an impact on social, educational, and business communications. Individuals with a personal computer, a modem, and some simple software can join a new social community that is based on interest, not location. Global Networks, which was written largely with the assistance of the internet, provides an understanding of the issues, opportunities, and pitfalls of this new social connectivity. It looks at how -networking technology can support and augment communication and collaboration from such perspectives as policy constraints and opportunities, language differences, cross-cultural communication, and social network design.Contributors: Linda M. Harasim. John Quarterman. Howard Rheingold. Anne Branscomb. Lee Sproull and Sara Kiesler. Marvin Manheim. Hiroshi Ishii. Jan Walls. Michael Kirby and Catherine Murray. Andrew Feenberg. Robin Mason. Margaret Riel. Beryl Bellman, Alex Jeffrey Shapard. Lucio Teles. Howard Frederick. Mitchell Kapor and Daniel Weitzner. Shumpei Kumon and lzurni Aizu. Robert Jacobson.

  • III Applications

    Global Networks takes up the host of issues raised by the new networking technology that now links individuals, groups, and organizations in different countries and on different continents. The twenty-one contributions focus on the implementation, application, and impact of computer-mediated communication in a global context.Previously limited to scientific research, global networks now have an impact on social, educational, and business communications. Individuals with a personal computer, a modem, and some simple software can join a new social community that is based on interest, not location. Global Networks, which was written largely with the assistance of the internet, provides an understanding of the issues, opportunities, and pitfalls of this new social connectivity. It looks at how -networking technology can support and augment communication and collaboration from such perspectives as policy constraints and opportunities, language differences, cross-cultural communication, and social network design.Contributors: Linda M. Harasim. John Quarterman. Howard Rheingold. Anne Branscomb. Lee Sproull and Sara Kiesler. Marvin Manheim. Hiroshi Ishii. Jan Walls. Michael Kirby and Catherine Murray. Andrew Feenberg. Robin Mason. Margaret Riel. Beryl Bellman, Alex Jeffrey Shapard. Lucio Teles. Howard Frederick. Mitchell Kapor and Daniel Weitzner. Shumpei Kumon and lzurni Aizu. Robert Jacobson.

  • Contributors

    Global Networks takes up the host of issues raised by the new networking technology that now links individuals, groups, and organizations in different countries and on different continents. The twenty-one contributions focus on the implementation, application, and impact of computer-mediated communication in a global context.Previously limited to scientific research, global networks now have an impact on social, educational, and business communications. Individuals with a personal computer, a modem, and some simple software can join a new social community that is based on interest, not location. Global Networks, which was written largely with the assistance of the internet, provides an understanding of the issues, opportunities, and pitfalls of this new social connectivity. It looks at how -networking technology can support and augment communication and collaboration from such perspectives as policy constraints and opportunities, language differences, cross-cultural communication, and social network design.Contributors: Linda M. Harasim. John Quarterman. Howard Rheingold. Anne Branscomb. Lee Sproull and Sara Kiesler. Marvin Manheim. Hiroshi Ishii. Jan Walls. Michael Kirby and Catherine Murray. Andrew Feenberg. Robin Mason. Margaret Riel. Beryl Bellman, Alex Jeffrey Shapard. Lucio Teles. Howard Frederick. Mitchell Kapor and Daniel Weitzner. Shumpei Kumon and lzurni Aizu. Robert Jacobson.

  • Computer Networks and the Emergence of Global Civil Society

    Global Networks takes up the host of issues raised by the new networking technology that now links individuals, groups, and organizations in different countries and on different continents. The twenty-one contributions focus on the implementation, application, and impact of computer-mediated communication in a global context.Previously limited to scientific research, global networks now have an impact on social, educational, and business communications. Individuals with a personal computer, a modem, and some simple software can join a new social community that is based on interest, not location. Global Networks, which was written largely with the assistance of the internet, provides an understanding of the issues, opportunities, and pitfalls of this new social connectivity. It looks at how -networking technology can support and augment communication and collaboration from such perspectives as policy constraints and opportunities, language differences, cross-cultural communication, and social network design.Contributors: Linda M. Harasim. John Quarterman. Howard Rheingold. Anne Branscomb. Lee Sproull and Sara Kiesler. Marvin Manheim. Hiroshi Ishii. Jan Walls. Michael Kirby and Catherine Murray. Andrew Feenberg. Robin Mason. Margaret Riel. Beryl Bellman, Alex Jeffrey Shapard. Lucio Teles. Howard Frederick. Mitchell Kapor and Daniel Weitzner. Shumpei Kumon and lzurni Aizu. Robert Jacobson.

  • Notes

    Global Networks takes up the host of issues raised by the new networking technology that now links individuals, groups, and organizations in different countries and on different continents. The twenty-one contributions focus on the implementation, application, and impact of computer-mediated communication in a global context.Previously limited to scientific research, global networks now have an impact on social, educational, and business communications. Individuals with a personal computer, a modem, and some simple software can join a new social community that is based on interest, not location. Global Networks, which was written largely with the assistance of the internet, provides an understanding of the issues, opportunities, and pitfalls of this new social connectivity. It looks at how -networking technology can support and augment communication and collaboration from such perspectives as policy constraints and opportunities, language differences, cross-cultural communication, and social network design.Contributors: Linda M. Harasim. John Quarterman. Howard Rheingold. Anne Branscomb. Lee Sproull and Sara Kiesler. Marvin Manheim. Hiroshi Ishii. Jan Walls. Michael Kirby and Catherine Murray. Andrew Feenberg. Robin Mason. Margaret Riel. Beryl Bellman, Alex Jeffrey Shapard. Lucio Teles. Howard Frederick. Mitchell Kapor and Daniel Weitzner. Shumpei Kumon and lzurni Aizu. Robert Jacobson.

  • Overview

    This introductory chapter presents a brief summary of basic concepts in finance and risk management, and provides overview of the concepts discussed in the chapters of this book. It provides the underlying technical themes, including sparse learning, convex optimization, and non-Gaussian modeling. Finance broadly deals with all aspects of money management, including borrowing and lending, transfer of money across continents, investment and price discovery, and asset and liability management by governments, corporations, and individuals. A unifying challenge for many applications of signal processing and machine learning is the high-dimensional nature of the data, and the need to exploit the inherent structure in those data. The book focuses on a set of topics revolving around the concepts of high-dimensional covariance estimation, applications of sparse learning in risk management and statistical arbitrage, and non-Gaussian and heavy-tailed measures of dependence.

  • Index

    Global Networks takes up the host of issues raised by the new networking technology that now links individuals, groups, and organizations in different countries and on different continents. The twenty-one contributions focus on the implementation, application, and impact of computer-mediated communication in a global context.Previously limited to scientific research, global networks now have an impact on social, educational, and business communications. Individuals with a personal computer, a modem, and some simple software can join a new social community that is based on interest, not location. Global Networks, which was written largely with the assistance of the internet, provides an understanding of the issues, opportunities, and pitfalls of this new social connectivity. It looks at how -networking technology can support and augment communication and collaboration from such perspectives as policy constraints and opportunities, language differences, cross-cultural communication, and social network design.Contributors: Linda M. Harasim. John Quarterman. Howard Rheingold. Anne Branscomb. Lee Sproull and Sara Kiesler. Marvin Manheim. Hiroshi Ishii. Jan Walls. Michael Kirby and Catherine Murray. Andrew Feenberg. Robin Mason. Margaret Riel. Beryl Bellman, Alex Jeffrey Shapard. Lucio Teles. Howard Frederick. Mitchell Kapor and Daniel Weitzner. Shumpei Kumon and lzurni Aizu. Robert Jacobson.

  • Clouds and Precipitation: Extreme Rainfall and Rain from Shallow Clouds

    This chapter reviews present knowledge on extreme precipitation and moderate rainfall from low-level clouds. Primary focus is on the statistics of precipitation characteristics rather than on a detailed description of individual case studies. First, observed variability of precipitation from low-level clouds and the existing techniques to separate different microphysical stages from remote-sensing measurements are reviewed. Over the tropical areas of Pacific and Atlantic oceans, the global distribution of shallow rainfall exhibits a "butterfly" pattern. This feature encompasses heavily precipitating regions such as the intertropical, south Pacific, and south Atlantic convergence zones (ITCZ, SPCZ, and SACZ, respectively); the northern hemispheric counterpart of SPCZ and SACZ emerges only when shallow rain is isolated. The nature of extreme precipitation varies temporally. On a timescale of about a day, extreme precipitation is associated with synoptic- scale disturbances, including a notable example known as tropical plumes or moist conveyer belt, which could give rise to extreme daily precipitation in downstream arid regions. On an hourly timescale, extreme precipitation is caused by mesoscale moisture convergence, which is so intense that it maintains a continuous overturning of saturated air. Satellite observations imply that the global distribution of extreme precipitation shows a systematic difference from the total rainfall map in terms of, for example, the contrast between land and ocean. The distribution of low-level, precipitation-related latent heating associated with warm rain coincides with the butterfly pattern. Its cohabitation and separation with the deep heating suggests that warm rain plays a role in providing a thick layer of moist static energy source to the convection, and that it is also related to the tropical plumes which cause extr eme precipitation in the semiarid west coasts of continents.

  • IV Visions for the Future

    Global Networks takes up the host of issues raised by the new networking technology that now links individuals, groups, and organizations in different countries and on different continents. The twenty-one contributions focus on the implementation, application, and impact of computer-mediated communication in a global context.Previously limited to scientific research, global networks now have an impact on social, educational, and business communications. Individuals with a personal computer, a modem, and some simple software can join a new social community that is based on interest, not location. Global Networks, which was written largely with the assistance of the internet, provides an understanding of the issues, opportunities, and pitfalls of this new social connectivity. It looks at how -networking technology can support and augment communication and collaboration from such perspectives as policy constraints and opportunities, language differences, cross-cultural communication, and social network design.Contributors: Linda M. Harasim. John Quarterman. Howard Rheingold. Anne Branscomb. Lee Sproull and Sara Kiesler. Marvin Manheim. Hiroshi Ishii. Jan Walls. Michael Kirby and Catherine Murray. Andrew Feenberg. Robin Mason. Margaret Riel. Beryl Bellman, Alex Jeffrey Shapard. Lucio Teles. Howard Frederick. Mitchell Kapor and Daniel Weitzner. Shumpei Kumon and lzurni Aizu. Robert Jacobson.



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