Contamination

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Contamination is the presence of a minor and unwanted constituent in material, physical body, natural environment, at a workplace, etc. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Contamination

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2013 IEEE 15th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference (EPTC 2013)

EPTC aims to provide a good coverage of technological developments in allareas of electronic packaging from design to manufacturing and operation. It is a major forum for theexchange of knowledge and provides opportunities to network and meet leading experts in the field.

  • 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference - (EPTC 2012)

    EPTC aims to provide a good coverage of technological developments in all areas of electronic packaging from design to manufacturing and operation. It is a major forum for the exchange of knowledge and provides opportunities to network and meet leading experts in the field.

  • 2011 IEEE 13th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference - (EPTC 2011)

    Advanced Electronics Packaging Technologies.

  • 2010 12th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference - (EPTC 2010)

    EPTC aims to provide a good coverage of technological developments in all areas of electronic packaging from design to manufacturing and operation. It is a major forum for the exchange of knowledge and provides opportunities to network and meet leading experts in the field.

  • 2009 11th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference - (EPTC 2009)

    To provide a good coverage of technological developments in all areas of electronic packaging from design to manufacturing and operation. It is a major forum for the exchange of knowledge and provides opportunities to network and meet leading experts in the field.


2012 8th International Conference on Natural Computation (ICNC)

ICNC is an international forum on intelligent systems inspired from nature, particularly neural, biological, and nonlinear systems, with applications to signal processing, communications, biomedical engineering and more.

  • 2011 Seventh International Conference on Natural Computation (ICNC)

    ICNC is an international forum on intelligent systems inspired from nature, particularly neural, biological, and nonlinear systems, with applications to signal processing, communications, biomedical engineering, and more.

  • 2010 Sixth International Conference on Natural Computation (ICNC)

    ICNC is an international forum on intelligent systems inspired from nature, particularly neural, biological, and nonlinear systems, with applications to signal processing, communications, biomedical engineering, and more.


2012 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation (ISEI)

This conference is directed towards those who develop, test or use electrical insulation in electrical equipment.

  • 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation (ISEI)

    This conference is directed towards those who develop, test or use electrical insulation in electrical equipment.

  • 2008 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation (ISEI)

    The symposium is a venue to discuss the development, application, and testing of electrical insulation, usually in high voltage equipment such as tranformers, rotating machines, switchgear and cables. The conference papers are oriented to practical applications, rather than basic research. Topics of special interest to the Symposium include: New insulation materials and processing methods, Novel applications of insulation in equipment, Single and Multiple Stress Aging etc.



Periodicals related to Contamination

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Device and Materials Reliability, IEEE Transactions on

Provides leading edge information that is critical to the creation of reliable electronic devices and materials, and a focus for interdisciplinary communication in the state of the art of reliability of electronic devices, and the materials used in their manufacture. It focuses on the reliability of electronic, optical, and magnetic devices, and microsystems; the materials and processes used in the ...


Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on

Theory, concepts, and techniques of science and engineering as applied to sensing the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space; and the processing, interpretation, and dissemination of this information.


Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on

Research, development, design, application, construction, the installation and operation of apparatus, equipment, structures, materials, and systems for the safe, reliable, and economic delivery and control of electric energy for general industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption.


Semiconductor Manufacturing, IEEE Transactions on

Addresses innovations of interest to the integrated circuit manufacturing researcher and professional. Includes advanced process control, equipment modeling and control, yield analysis and optimization, defect control, and manufacturability improvement. It also addresses factory modelling and simulation, production planning and scheduling, as well as environmental issues in semiconductor manufacturing.



Most published Xplore authors for Contamination

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Xplore Articles related to Contamination

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Decontamination studies of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Fuel Cleanup System and glovebox installed at the Tritium Systems Test Assembly

L. Bartlein; S. Konishi; R. V. Carlson; M. Enoeda; R. S. Willms; K. Okuno Proceedings of 16th International Symposium on Fusion Engineering, 1995

The JAERI Fuel Cleanup System, a major fusion fuel processing system that has been used for four years with DT and impurity mixtures, has been decontaminated and decommissioned at the Tritium Systems Test Assembly. The system is composed of several processing components that were exposed to either DT gas or tritiated water vapor during operations. The entire system was contained ...


Route to suppress NO/sub x/ of exhaust by partial oxidation of gasoline in plasma process

Yin yong xiang; Dai xiao yan; Li Juan; Shang Shu yong The 30th International Conference on Plasma Science, 2003. ICOPS 2003. IEEE Conference Record - Abstracts., 2003

Summary form only given, as follows. NO/sub x/, an acidifying compound emitted from exhaust gases of motor vehicles, contributes to the formation of worldwide acid rain and becomes one of the main pollution sources in cities. Numerous attempts have been made to develop methods to control NO/sub x/ emission from motor vehicles. In this study a new concept of reducing ...


Study on oil spills in the North Sea forties field observed in TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X imagery

Tong Jia; Xiao-Ming Li; Domenico Velotto 2016 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 2016

In this study, we focus on the investigations of oil slicks observed by TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X operating over the drilling platforms in Forties oil field, the largest one in the North Sea. Previous researches indicate that oil spills observed by consecutive SAR images represent the same leaks, but in this paper, we presented four cases which suggest completely different situations ...


Influence of Rhamnolipid on the Treatment of Diesel Oil Contaminated Wastewater

Bing Li 2010 4th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 2010

The influence of rhamnolipid on the emulsification and the biodegradation of diesel oil contaminated wastewater were investigated in this paper. It was found that the addition of rhamnolipid influenced positively the emulsification and the biodegradation efficiency of diesel oil contaminated wastewater. And the effect of rhamnolipid on parameters of lipopolysachharide (LPS) release, cell surface hydrophobicity and cell growth of isolates ...


Analysis of Pilot Decontamination Based on Power Control

Laura Cottatellucci; Ralf R. Muller; Mikko Vehkapera 2013 IEEE 77th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2013

A subspace method for channel estimation is proposed for asymmetric antenna array systems. The so-called pilot contamination problem reported in [1] is found to be due to the linearity of channel estimation in [2]. We show that it does not occur in cellular systems with power control and power-controlled handoff when the nonlinear channel estimation method proposed in this paper ...


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Educational Resources on Contamination

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eLearning

Decontamination studies of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Fuel Cleanup System and glovebox installed at the Tritium Systems Test Assembly

L. Bartlein; S. Konishi; R. V. Carlson; M. Enoeda; R. S. Willms; K. Okuno Proceedings of 16th International Symposium on Fusion Engineering, 1995

The JAERI Fuel Cleanup System, a major fusion fuel processing system that has been used for four years with DT and impurity mixtures, has been decontaminated and decommissioned at the Tritium Systems Test Assembly. The system is composed of several processing components that were exposed to either DT gas or tritiated water vapor during operations. The entire system was contained ...


Route to suppress NO/sub x/ of exhaust by partial oxidation of gasoline in plasma process

Yin yong xiang; Dai xiao yan; Li Juan; Shang Shu yong The 30th International Conference on Plasma Science, 2003. ICOPS 2003. IEEE Conference Record - Abstracts., 2003

Summary form only given, as follows. NO/sub x/, an acidifying compound emitted from exhaust gases of motor vehicles, contributes to the formation of worldwide acid rain and becomes one of the main pollution sources in cities. Numerous attempts have been made to develop methods to control NO/sub x/ emission from motor vehicles. In this study a new concept of reducing ...


Study on oil spills in the North Sea forties field observed in TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X imagery

Tong Jia; Xiao-Ming Li; Domenico Velotto 2016 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 2016

In this study, we focus on the investigations of oil slicks observed by TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X operating over the drilling platforms in Forties oil field, the largest one in the North Sea. Previous researches indicate that oil spills observed by consecutive SAR images represent the same leaks, but in this paper, we presented four cases which suggest completely different situations ...


Influence of Rhamnolipid on the Treatment of Diesel Oil Contaminated Wastewater

Bing Li 2010 4th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 2010

The influence of rhamnolipid on the emulsification and the biodegradation of diesel oil contaminated wastewater were investigated in this paper. It was found that the addition of rhamnolipid influenced positively the emulsification and the biodegradation efficiency of diesel oil contaminated wastewater. And the effect of rhamnolipid on parameters of lipopolysachharide (LPS) release, cell surface hydrophobicity and cell growth of isolates ...


Analysis of Pilot Decontamination Based on Power Control

Laura Cottatellucci; Ralf R. Muller; Mikko Vehkapera 2013 IEEE 77th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2013

A subspace method for channel estimation is proposed for asymmetric antenna array systems. The so-called pilot contamination problem reported in [1] is found to be due to the linearity of channel estimation in [2]. We show that it does not occur in cellular systems with power control and power-controlled handoff when the nonlinear channel estimation method proposed in this paper ...


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IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • A Methodology for Measurement and Characterization of Substrate Noise in High Frequency Circuits

    A method is proposed in this paper to measure and characterize substrate noise in high-frequency circuits. Since substrate coupled signals are small quantities, special precautions must be taken to isolate these signals to avoid contamination by signals coupled through the package and the board. The method proposed is based on sensing and down-converting substrate signals on- chip to lower frequencies for measurement. As an illustration of this general method, we measure the noise injected by an on-chip Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VeO) using down-converting mixers as sensors.

  • Sampling and Analysis Methods

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Classification of Analysis Methods Sampling of Contaminants in Air, in Liquids, and on Surfaces Organic Contamination Analysis Methods Ionic and Inorganic Contamination Analysis Methods Electrostatic Discharge Methods Numerical Simulation Algebraic Predictive Modeling Statistical Analysis Methods Additional Reading References and Notes

  • Epilogue

    Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety--more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world--based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques. Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems- Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for "reengineering" any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.

  • Filter Bank Multicarrier for Massive MIMO

    This chapter extends the blind equalization capability of cosine modulated multitone (CMT) to massive multi-input multi-output (MIMO) applications in order to remove the channel estimation errors caused by contaminated pilots. Based on observations of numerical results, the proposed blind equalization technique is able to remove pilot contamination effects in multicellular massive MIMO networks and converge towards the optimal linear minimum mean square error (MMSE) performance. The chapter dedicates to the system model and formulation of filter bank multi-carrier (FBMC) in massive MIMO channels. It presents a qualitative comparison of FBMC and orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) in massive MIMO systems. It addresses the pilot contamination problem in a multicellular massive MIMO network. The pilot contamination problem in massive MIMO networks operating in time-division duplex (TDD) mode can limit their expected capacity to a great extent. The blind equalization capability of CMT was extended to massive MIMO networks to mitigate the pilot contamination effect.

  • Insulator Electrical Performance in Pollution Conditions

    This chapter contains sections titled: Terminology for Electrical Performance in Pollution Conditions Air Gap Breakdown Breakdown of Polluted Insulators Outdoor Exposure Test Methods Indoor Test Methods for Pollution Flashovers Salt-Fog Test Clean-Fog Test Method Other Test Procedures Salt-Fog Test Results Clean-Fog Test Results Effects of Insulator Parameters Effects of Nonsoluble Deposit Density Pressure Effects on Contamination Tests Temperature Effects on Pollution Flashover Précis References

  • Facilities Design: Contamination and ESDSafe Work Areas

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Basics of Cleanroom Design Cleanrooms Cleanroom Construction and Operating Costs Modern Energy-Saving Approaches Other Design Considerations References and Notes

  • Using STAMP

    Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety--more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world--based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques. Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems- Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for "reengineering" any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.

  • Appendixes

    Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety--more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world--based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques. Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems- Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for "reengineering" any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.

  • Stamp: An Accident Model Based on Systems Theory

    Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety--more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world--based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques. Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems- Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for "reengineering" any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.

  • Contamination Flashover Models

    This chapter contains sections titled: General Classification of Partial Discharges Dry-Band Arcing on Contaminated Surfaces Electrical Arcing on Wet, Contaminated Surfaces Residual Resistance of Polluted Layer dc Pollution Flashover Modeling ac Pollution Flashover Modeling Theoretical Modeling for Cold-Fog Flashover Future Directions for Pollution Flashover Modeling Précis References



Standards related to Contamination

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