Contamination

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Contamination is the presence of a minor and unwanted constituent in material, physical body, natural environment, at a workplace, etc. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Contamination

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2013 IEEE 15th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference (EPTC 2013)

EPTC aims to provide a good coverage of technological developments in allareas of electronic packaging from design to manufacturing and operation. It is a major forum for theexchange of knowledge and provides opportunities to network and meet leading experts in the field.

  • 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference - (EPTC 2012)

    EPTC aims to provide a good coverage of technological developments in all areas of electronic packaging from design to manufacturing and operation. It is a major forum for the exchange of knowledge and provides opportunities to network and meet leading experts in the field.

  • 2011 IEEE 13th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference - (EPTC 2011)

    Advanced Electronics Packaging Technologies.

  • 2010 12th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference - (EPTC 2010)

    EPTC aims to provide a good coverage of technological developments in all areas of electronic packaging from design to manufacturing and operation. It is a major forum for the exchange of knowledge and provides opportunities to network and meet leading experts in the field.

  • 2009 11th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference - (EPTC 2009)

    To provide a good coverage of technological developments in all areas of electronic packaging from design to manufacturing and operation. It is a major forum for the exchange of knowledge and provides opportunities to network and meet leading experts in the field.


2012 8th International Conference on Natural Computation (ICNC)

ICNC is an international forum on intelligent systems inspired from nature, particularly neural, biological, and nonlinear systems, with applications to signal processing, communications, biomedical engineering and more.

  • 2011 Seventh International Conference on Natural Computation (ICNC)

    ICNC is an international forum on intelligent systems inspired from nature, particularly neural, biological, and nonlinear systems, with applications to signal processing, communications, biomedical engineering, and more.

  • 2010 Sixth International Conference on Natural Computation (ICNC)

    ICNC is an international forum on intelligent systems inspired from nature, particularly neural, biological, and nonlinear systems, with applications to signal processing, communications, biomedical engineering, and more.


2012 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation (ISEI)

This conference is directed towards those who develop, test or use electrical insulation in electrical equipment.

  • 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation (ISEI)

    This conference is directed towards those who develop, test or use electrical insulation in electrical equipment.

  • 2008 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation (ISEI)

    The symposium is a venue to discuss the development, application, and testing of electrical insulation, usually in high voltage equipment such as tranformers, rotating machines, switchgear and cables. The conference papers are oriented to practical applications, rather than basic research. Topics of special interest to the Symposium include: New insulation materials and processing methods, Novel applications of insulation in equipment, Single and Multiple Stress Aging etc.


2011 International Conference on Remote Sensing, Environment and Transportation Engineering (RSETE)

Remote sensing and application Energy, Environmental, sustainable development Environment Pollution and Protection Transportation Engineering


2008 5th International Multi-Conference on Systems, Signals and Devices (SSD)

The International Multi-Conference on Systems signals & Devices is an annual scientific event that includes four scheduled conferences covering almost fields of electrical and electronics engineering: (1)Systems Analysis and Automatic Control, (2)Power Electrical Systems, (3)Communication and Signal Processing (4)Sensors, Circuits and Instrumentation Systems.



Periodicals related to Contamination

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Device and Materials Reliability, IEEE Transactions on

Provides leading edge information that is critical to the creation of reliable electronic devices and materials, and a focus for interdisciplinary communication in the state of the art of reliability of electronic devices, and the materials used in their manufacture. It focuses on the reliability of electronic, optical, and magnetic devices, and microsystems; the materials and processes used in the ...


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on

Theory, concepts, and techniques of science and engineering as applied to sensing the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space; and the processing, interpretation, and dissemination of this information.


Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on

Research, development, design, application, construction, the installation and operation of apparatus, equipment, structures, materials, and systems for the safe, reliable, and economic delivery and control of electric energy for general industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption.


Semiconductor Manufacturing, IEEE Transactions on

Addresses innovations of interest to the integrated circuit manufacturing researcher and professional. Includes advanced process control, equipment modeling and control, yield analysis and optimization, defect control, and manufacturability improvement. It also addresses factory modelling and simulation, production planning and scheduling, as well as environmental issues in semiconductor manufacturing.



Most published Xplore authors for Contamination

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Xplore Articles related to Contamination

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Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Carbon Tetrachloride Pollution in a Karst Aquifer

Xueqiang Zhu; Baoping Han; Yan Sun 2008 2nd International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 2008

The karst aquifer in a northern city of China was polluted by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). The pollution characteristics was studied by four years' monitoring CCl4 concentration of the karst groundwater in 15 typical wells and analysis of the CCl4 content in 206 soil samples from 17 boreholes in polluted source area. The CCl4 pollution plume is distributed as a belt-dumbbell ...


Study on Coagulation Pretreatment of Laboratory Wastewater

Aihong Guo; Fusheng Niu 2008 2nd International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 2008

The wastewater discharged from laboratories does harm to the environment, and there is no mature treatment method of it. According to the characteristics of laboratory wastewater , the coagulation treatment of the laboratory wastewater using inorganic polymer flocculants, such as PAC and PFS, was studied in this paper. The coagulation factors also studied include the optimum dosages of these flocculants, ...


Ground Water Assessment in the Ivy Section of Albemarle County

Marshall Koch; Daniel Harlan; Lydia Abebe; Minkang Jung; Guy Duval; Nancy Fechnay; Garrick Louis; Jeff Rogers 2006 IEEE Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium, 2006

Many Americans, especially those in metropolitan areas, take the availability and abundance of good water for granted. For many rural people, however, adequate and safe water supplies are not guaranteed. Approximately one sixth of all Americans rely on a groundwater supply that is continually threatened by increased demand and sources of contamination. A team of six Systems Engineering students under ...


The analysis of the (100)surface of GaAs for NEA photocathode with XPS

RongGuo Fua; BenKang Chang; Ping Gao IVESC 2004. The 5th International Vacuum Electron Sources Conference Proceedings (IEEE Cat. No.04EX839), 2004

This paper first introduces the characteristic of GaAs for the manufacture of evaluation system of negative electron affinity photocathode. Then the paper gives the surface clean technique of the GaAs. The spectral diagrams of the elements on the surface of the GaAs before and after the surface clean process are given. Through the comparing of the spectral diagrams a conclusion ...


The Application of Cement, Flyash, and Kiln Dust for the Stabilization/solidification of Inorganic Hazardous Wastes

R. Soundararajan IEEE Cement Industry Technical Conference,, 1992

First Page of the Article ![](/xploreAssets/images/absImages/00687626.png)


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Educational Resources on Contamination

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eLearning

Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Carbon Tetrachloride Pollution in a Karst Aquifer

Xueqiang Zhu; Baoping Han; Yan Sun 2008 2nd International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 2008

The karst aquifer in a northern city of China was polluted by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). The pollution characteristics was studied by four years' monitoring CCl4 concentration of the karst groundwater in 15 typical wells and analysis of the CCl4 content in 206 soil samples from 17 boreholes in polluted source area. The CCl4 pollution plume is distributed as a belt-dumbbell ...


Study on Coagulation Pretreatment of Laboratory Wastewater

Aihong Guo; Fusheng Niu 2008 2nd International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 2008

The wastewater discharged from laboratories does harm to the environment, and there is no mature treatment method of it. According to the characteristics of laboratory wastewater , the coagulation treatment of the laboratory wastewater using inorganic polymer flocculants, such as PAC and PFS, was studied in this paper. The coagulation factors also studied include the optimum dosages of these flocculants, ...


Ground Water Assessment in the Ivy Section of Albemarle County

Marshall Koch; Daniel Harlan; Lydia Abebe; Minkang Jung; Guy Duval; Nancy Fechnay; Garrick Louis; Jeff Rogers 2006 IEEE Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium, 2006

Many Americans, especially those in metropolitan areas, take the availability and abundance of good water for granted. For many rural people, however, adequate and safe water supplies are not guaranteed. Approximately one sixth of all Americans rely on a groundwater supply that is continually threatened by increased demand and sources of contamination. A team of six Systems Engineering students under ...


The analysis of the (100)surface of GaAs for NEA photocathode with XPS

RongGuo Fua; BenKang Chang; Ping Gao IVESC 2004. The 5th International Vacuum Electron Sources Conference Proceedings (IEEE Cat. No.04EX839), 2004

This paper first introduces the characteristic of GaAs for the manufacture of evaluation system of negative electron affinity photocathode. Then the paper gives the surface clean technique of the GaAs. The spectral diagrams of the elements on the surface of the GaAs before and after the surface clean process are given. Through the comparing of the spectral diagrams a conclusion ...


The Application of Cement, Flyash, and Kiln Dust for the Stabilization/solidification of Inorganic Hazardous Wastes

R. Soundararajan IEEE Cement Industry Technical Conference,, 1992

First Page of the Article ![](/xploreAssets/images/absImages/00687626.png)


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Tooling Design and Certification

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Contamination and ESD Control Requirements Maintenance Requirements General Design Alternatives Materials Surface Treatments Selection and Evaluation of Components Tool and Workstation Layout Cleanroom Certification of Automated Tooling References and Notes Additional Reading

  • Fundamentals of Contamination Control

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Glossary of Contamination Control Terms Specifying Contamination in Air and on Surfaces Sources of Contamination Contamination Control Requirements Pertinent Standards References and Notes Additional Reading

  • Continuous Monitoring

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Continuous Contamination Monitoring Continuous Monitoring of Manufacturing Evaluation of In Situ Monitoring in an Aqueous Cleaning Application Antennas for Electrostatic Charge Monitoring References and Notes

  • Stamp: An Accident Model Based on Systems Theory

    Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety--more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world--based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques. Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems- Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for "reengineering" any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.

  • Fundamentals of ESD Control

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction and Historical Perspective Glossary of Electrostatic Charge Control Terms Sources of Electrostatic Charge Requirements of ESD Control Building the ESD-Safe Workplace ESD Controls for People Consumables and Accessories Personnel Equipment and Procedures for Its Use Transportation of ESD-Sensitive Products Inspections and Record Keeping ESD Control Program ESD and Contamination Control Useful Reference Standards References and Notes

  • Consumable Supplies and Packaging Materials

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Cleanroom and ESD Gloves Functional vs. Nonfunctional Testing Glove Use Strategies Initial Qualification vs. the Need for Ongoing Lot Certification Glove Washing ESD Performance of Gloves Glove Laundering Wipers and Swabs Reusable and Disposable Packaging Materials Facial Coverings References and Notes

  • Index

    No abstract.

  • Board Reflow Processes and their Effect on Tin Whisker Growth

    This chapter reviews the potential affect that the board reflow process has on tin whisker growth. Investigations in this area have looked at grain orientations and grain size, solder paste volume, and solder peak temperature on tin whisker growth. The chapter discusses the results on tin whisker testing on soldered pure???tin???coated components after reflow. There has been work to understand the affect of reflow profile, reflow atmosphere, solder paste volume, and flux activity on tin whisker growth. For tin???lead soldering, the lower soldering peak temperature reduced solder paste wetting up the component lead frame increasing the potential for tin whisker growth. Different flux activators were found to aid the oxidation of tin, which increased tin whisker growth after temperature and humidity testing. Increased contamination of the soldered components with chloride and sulfate also increased tin whisker growth after temperature and humidity testing.

  • Sampling and Analysis Methods

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Classification of Analysis Methods Sampling of Contaminants in Air, in Liquids, and on Surfaces Organic Contamination Analysis Methods Ionic and Inorganic Contamination Analysis Methods Electrostatic Discharge Methods Numerical Simulation Algebraic Predictive Modeling Statistical Analysis Methods Additional Reading References and Notes

  • Controlling Contamination and ESD From People

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction People as a Source of Contamination Typical Gowning Protocols Procedures for Entering a Cleanroom Behavior in a Cleanroom Procedures for Exiting a Cleanroom Relationship between Attire and Class Achieved Procedures for Entering an ESD-Safe Work Area Garments and Laundry Services References and Notes



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