Conferences related to Degradation

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2017 Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium (RAMS)

Tutorials and original papers on reliability, maintainability, safety, risk management, and logistics


2015 IEEE International Reliability Physics Symposium (IRPS)

Sharing information related to cause, effects and solutions in the deign and manufacture of electronics and related components


2013 20th IEEE International Symposium on the Physical and Failure Analysis of Integrated Circuits (IPFA)

Sample Preparation, Metrology and Material Characterization Advanced Failure Analysis Techniques Die-Level / Package-Level Failure Analysis Case Study & Failure Mechanisms Product Reliability Evaluation and ApproachesNovel Device Reliability and Failure MechanismsNovel Gate Stack/Dielectrics and FEOL Reliability and Failure MechanismsAdvanced Interconnects and BEOL Reliability and Failure Mechanisms


2013 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IIRW)

We invite you to submit a presentation proposal that addresses any semiconductor related reliability issue, including the following topics: resistive memories, high-k and nitrided SiO2 gate dielectrics, reliability assessment of novel devices, III-V, SOI, emerging memory technologies, transistor reliability including hot carriers and NBTI/PBTI, root cause defects (physical mechanisms and simulations), Cu interconnects and low-k dielectrics, impact of transistor degradation on circuit reliability, designing-in reliability (products, circuits,systems, processes), customer product reliability requirements / manufacturer reliability tasks, waferlevel reliability tests (test approaches and reliability test structures), reliability modeling and simulation,optoelectronics, and single event upsets.

  • 2012 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IIRW)

    The IRW focuses on ensuring electronic device reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and simulation, as well as identification of the defects and physical mechanisms responsible for reliability problems.

  • 2011 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IIRW)

    The IRW focuses on ensuring electronic device reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and simulation, as well as identification of the defects and physical mechanisms responsible for reliability problems through tutorials, paper presentations, discussion groups and special interest groups.

  • 2010 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IIRW)

    The Integrated Reliability Workshop focuses on ensuring electronic device reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and simulation, as well as identification of the defects and physical mechanisms responsible for reliability problems. Through tutorials, discussion groups, special interest groups, and the informal format of the technical program, a unique environment is provided for understanding, developing, and sharing reliability technology and test methodology for present and f

  • 2009 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IRW)

    Semiconductor Reliability in general; and Wafer Level Reliability in specific. Covering areas like (but not limited to): Design-in Reliability, reliability characterization, deep sub-micron transistor and circuit reliability, customer reliability requirements, wafer level reliability tests, and reliability root cause analysis, etc.

  • 2008 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IRW)

    The workshop focuses on ensuring device reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization and simulation as well as identification of the defects and mechanisms responsible for reliability problems. It provides a unique environment for understanding, developing and sharing reliability technology and test methodology.

  • 2007 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IRW)

    The Workshop focuses on ensuring semiconductor reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and simulation, as well as identification of the defects and physical mechanisms responsible for reliabilty problems. Through tutorials, discussion groups, special interest groups, and the informal format of the technical program, a unique environment is provided for understanding and developing reliability technology and test methodology.

  • 2006 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IRW)


2013 IEEE/AIAA 32nd Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC)

DASC is the premier annual conference providing authors an opportunity for publication and presentation to an international audience of papers encompassing the field of avionics systems for aircraft/rotorcraft/unmanned aircraft (commercial, military, general aviation) launch vehicles, missiles, spacecraft, and space transportation systems, navigation, guidance/control of flight, computers, communications, sensors (radar, infrared, visual bands), avionics architectures and data networking, communications networks, software, crew interface, space and ground components needed for the operation of military, commercial, and business aircraft, and avionics electrical power generation and control, Student papers are entered into a judged competition.


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Periodicals related to Degradation

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Automation Science and Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Automation Sciences and Engineering (T-ASE) publishes fundamental papers on Automation, emphasizing scientific results that advance efficiency, quality, productivity, and reliability. T-ASE encourages interdisciplinary approaches from computer science, control systems, electrical engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, operations research, and other fields. We welcome results relevant to industries such as agriculture, biotechnology, healthcare, home automation, maintenance, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, retail, ...


Device and Materials Reliability, IEEE Transactions on

Provides leading edge information that is critical to the creation of reliable electronic devices and materials, and a focus for interdisciplinary communication in the state of the art of reliability of electronic devices, and the materials used in their manufacture. It focuses on the reliability of electronic, optical, and magnetic devices, and microsystems; the materials and processes used in the ...


Electron Device Letters, IEEE

Publishes original and significant contributions relating to the theory, design, performance and reliability of electron devices, including optoelectronic devices, nanoscale devices, solid-state devices, integrated electronic devices, energy sources, power devices, displays, sensors, electro-mechanical devices, quantum devices and electron tubes.


Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on

Publishes original and significant contributions relating to the theory, design, performance and reliability of electron devices, including optoelectronics devices, nanoscale devices, solid-state devices, integrated electronic devices, energy sources, power devices, displays, sensors, electro-mechanical devices, quantum devices and electron tubes.


Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on

Measurements and instrumentation utilizing electrical and electronic techniques.


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Xplore Articles related to Degradation

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An advanced electro-thermal cycle-lifetime estimation model for LiFePO<inf>4</inf> batteries

Junyi Shen; Serkan Dusmez; Alireza Khaligh 2013 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo (ITEC), 2013

Electric vehicles (EVs) have been considered as one of the effective solutions to current energy and environment concerns. One of the challenges regarding the energy storage system (ESS) of today's electric vehicles, which are batteries, is the capacity fade. It is of great importance to identify and analyze the factors contributing to the capacity loss and predict the cell degradation. ...


Modeling the Behavior of Peaks of OFDM Signal Using &#x2018;Peaks Over Threshold&#x2019; Approach

Navneet Kumar; Sheetal Kalyani IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 2017

New expressions for symbol error probability (SEP) in the presence of peak-to- average-power-ratio/clipping are derived from the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing systems. These expressions are significantly tighter than the expression in the existing literature, since we model the peak behavior using a peak over threshold approach. An adaptive back-off scheme is also proposed and its SEP is derived. It is ...


Performance of Digital Communications Systems in an Arbitrary Fading Rate and Jamming Environments

A. Glenn; G. Lieberman IEEE Transactions on Communications Systems, 1963

The purpose of this theoretical investigation is to study the effects of fading rate on the performance of binary digital communications systems. The performance of three systems is evaluated from the aspect of probability of error per information bit when the desired and undesired signals are subject to statistically independent Rayleigh fading. Diversity reception is not included in the system ...


Optimal JPEG2000 encoder mechanism for low delay and efficient distribution of HDTV programs

S. Naito; A. Koike; S. Matsumoto 2004 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 2004

Motion JPEG2000 has been developed as a new video coding standard for motion pictures, utilizing the still image coding standard JPEG2000. Motion JPEG2000 specifies a normative bitstream syntax that the decoder must recognize and allows flexible selection of detailed coding parameters at the encoder. The compression performance largely depends, therefore, on the encoder design. However, the simple implementation of JPEG2000 ...


Concatenated code-based bit rate adaptation for blocking probability reduction in WDM networks

Bo Xu; Chongfu Zhang Proceedings. 2005 International Conference on Communications, Circuits and Systems, 2005., 2005

We propose to use bit rate, another network resource, adaptively for reducing the blocking probability in WDM networks with non-negligible transmission degradation. Different bit rates are assigned to different connection requests according to the transmission performance. One way to achieve the adaptive bit rate is by using a concatenated code with RS(255,239) code as the inner code and Golay(23,12) code ...


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Educational Resources on Degradation

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eLearning

An advanced electro-thermal cycle-lifetime estimation model for LiFePO<inf>4</inf> batteries

Junyi Shen; Serkan Dusmez; Alireza Khaligh 2013 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo (ITEC), 2013

Electric vehicles (EVs) have been considered as one of the effective solutions to current energy and environment concerns. One of the challenges regarding the energy storage system (ESS) of today's electric vehicles, which are batteries, is the capacity fade. It is of great importance to identify and analyze the factors contributing to the capacity loss and predict the cell degradation. ...


Modeling the Behavior of Peaks of OFDM Signal Using &#x2018;Peaks Over Threshold&#x2019; Approach

Navneet Kumar; Sheetal Kalyani IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 2017

New expressions for symbol error probability (SEP) in the presence of peak-to- average-power-ratio/clipping are derived from the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing systems. These expressions are significantly tighter than the expression in the existing literature, since we model the peak behavior using a peak over threshold approach. An adaptive back-off scheme is also proposed and its SEP is derived. It is ...


Performance of Digital Communications Systems in an Arbitrary Fading Rate and Jamming Environments

A. Glenn; G. Lieberman IEEE Transactions on Communications Systems, 1963

The purpose of this theoretical investigation is to study the effects of fading rate on the performance of binary digital communications systems. The performance of three systems is evaluated from the aspect of probability of error per information bit when the desired and undesired signals are subject to statistically independent Rayleigh fading. Diversity reception is not included in the system ...


Optimal JPEG2000 encoder mechanism for low delay and efficient distribution of HDTV programs

S. Naito; A. Koike; S. Matsumoto 2004 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 2004

Motion JPEG2000 has been developed as a new video coding standard for motion pictures, utilizing the still image coding standard JPEG2000. Motion JPEG2000 specifies a normative bitstream syntax that the decoder must recognize and allows flexible selection of detailed coding parameters at the encoder. The compression performance largely depends, therefore, on the encoder design. However, the simple implementation of JPEG2000 ...


Concatenated code-based bit rate adaptation for blocking probability reduction in WDM networks

Bo Xu; Chongfu Zhang Proceedings. 2005 International Conference on Communications, Circuits and Systems, 2005., 2005

We propose to use bit rate, another network resource, adaptively for reducing the blocking probability in WDM networks with non-negligible transmission degradation. Different bit rates are assigned to different connection requests according to the transmission performance. One way to achieve the adaptive bit rate is by using a concatenated code with RS(255,239) code as the inner code and Golay(23,12) code ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Practical Thermal Performance of LEDs

    This chapter contains sections titled: Mechanisms Behind Thermal Shifts Electrical Behavior of LEDs With Temperature Optical Behavior of LEDs With Temperature Other Performance Shifts With Temperature LED Lifetime: Lumen Degradation LED Lifetime: Catastrophic Failure Paralleling LEDs

  • Investigations in Thick Film Components for High Temperature Systems

    In the near future electronic systems and circuits which are able to work at high temperatures will be used for sensor and actuator applications, especially where cooling is not possible or very difficult. A second reason for developing high temperature sensor systems is to avoid long signal ways between sensor and signal processing electronic in order to improve EMC- properties. Using thick film hybrid technology provides an easy way of constructing high temperature electronics. But normally thick film components are not specified for temperatures higher than 423 K. Our goal is to characterize and to optimize thick film components for a large temperature range. In order to get information about high temperature behaviour, it is necessary to use suitable testing techniques. This report will introduce some methods like linear test or step stress test which allow accelerated life tests in order to extract the temperature coefficient as well as the behaviour of degradation. In case of thick films, results for preselections can be easily obtained. Results of examined thick film resistors tested up to 773 K will be presented as an example.

  • Communication Practices by Way of Permits and Policy: Do Environmental Regulations Promote Sustainability in the Real World?

    Communication has played a key role in the development and evolution of the postmodern environmental movement since its emergence in the late 1960s. Today, the sense of urgency surrounding environmental degradation and the human contribution to this has only escalated, with environmentalism no longer viewed as a radical concept. The Construction General Storm Water Permit (CGP) stems from federal regulations, which were enacted to regulate and manage the release of construction-related pollutants into storm water. To study the efficacy of the CGP in the real world, the author conducted a targeted case study with four environmental professionals who work within California's construction community, and who have some degree of experience or expertise in working with the CGP and its requirements. This project involved examining the concept of sustainability as it is communicated by environmental regulations.

  • Standardization of Scalable Coding Schemes

    Scalable coding schemes ar being considered in particular for HDTV in order to provide for compatibility with lower resolution scanning formats and to provide for graceful degradation of the picture quality in the presence of transmission errors.. This chapter describes some of the scalable coding schemes considered within the Moving Pictures Expert Group (MPEG) and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the different schemes which may be classified as frequency scalable, spatial scalable and SNR scalable. The reasons for selecting particular scalable schemes for inclusion in the MPEG-2 standard are described.

  • Major Incidents on the French Electric System: Potentiality and Curative Measures Studies

    The steady care for electric systems security improvement will more and more incite the grid designer to take the major failure risks into account. Electricité de France has therefore adopted a methodology based upon the study of possible degradation mechanisms, then upon the verification of their plausibility by simulating the system dynamic behaviour. Only this approach can fit with the complexity of great meshed systems. It enabled the performances of a new protection device against losses of synchronism to be defined; this ?>defence plan?> will be operational in 1995 on a part of the FRENCH system.

  • Destiny of Humankind from an Astrobiology Point of View

    Astrobiology is a multidisciplinary approach used to study the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life on Earth and in the cosmos and is based on the assumption that life is a universal planetary phenomenon if the right environmental conditions prevail. Such an approach helps to transform our Weltbild from a geocentric to a more Universe-oriented one. This chapter focuses on migration as a central attribute of life within the astrobiological context. Migration has been observed for terrestrial life throughout its more than 4 billion years (Ga) of history, across all domains of life. It appears, however, that migration is not confined to the planetary realm. It is argued that microbial life-forms can be transported by meteorites between the planets of our solar system. In addition, humans have now developed the technology to leave their home planet and to explore other bodies in our solar system. This evolutionary step is still in its infancy, with the Moon being the only celestial body visited so far, yet it is demonstrated that technology exists for more ambitious projects, such as a visit to the planet Mars. The issue of whether human spaceflight has the potential to promote peaceful cooperation on a global scale is discussed briefly. Finally, forced migration due to environmental degradation is considered, with a special emphasis on hypothetical scenarios of a future exodus from the Earth as a consequence of anthropogenic collapse of the planet's life-support systems. The conclusion is drawn that sustainable development on Terra should be achievable using only a tiny fraction of the efforts required for interplanetary mass transportation.

  • A GaAs Integrated Differential Amplifier for Operation up to 300C

    A technology for GaAs integrated circuits for operation up to 300°C is presented. As an example a differential amplifier with a temperature compensated current source was fabricated and characterized at d.c. and at frequencies up to 5 MHz. The measured d.c. voltage gain shows good stability up to 300°C.The decrease in a.c. signal amplification with temperature is constant for all frequencies. No degradation of the performance was observed after prolonged periods of thermal stress.

  • Implementation Methods

    This chapter primarily concerns with (i) how computer roundoff can degrade Kalman filter performance; (ii) alternative implementation methods that are more robust against roundoff errors; and (iii) the relative computational costs of these alternative implementations. Some of the main points covered include: (i) Solution of the matrix Riccati equation is a major cause of numerical difficulties in the conventional Kalman filter implementation, from the standpoint of computational load as well as from the standpoint of computational errors; and (iii) Unchecked error propagation in the solution of the Riccati equation is a major cause of degradation in filter performance. The main thrust of the chapter is on the square-root filtering methods. Although factorization methods are probably the most numerically stable implementation methods currently available, there are other alternative methods that may perform adequately on some applications.

  • Hebbian reinforcement learning in a modular dynamic network

    We present a multi-population dynamic neural network model with binary activation and a random interaction pattern. The weights parameters have been specified in order to distinguish excitatory populations from inhibitory populations. Under specific parameters, we design functional modules composed of two populations, one of excitatory neurons, one of inhibitory neurons. Such modules are found to display a weak chaotic activity, and to react toward incoming stimulations with increasing synchronization. We also present the design of topologically structured neural maps. We then combine such modules for the design of a perception/action network composed of one sensory module and two concurrent motor modules. Such a network is coupled with the dynamics of an inverted pendulum, showing spontaneous phase transitions toward various attractors, each attractor corresponding to a particular structural coupling within the agent/environment system. This spontaneous versatility is then exploited in a reinforcement learning paradigm where two separate reinforcement path are defined, one for the positive rewards, the other for the negative rewards. The learning experiment shows a fast adaptation to the constraints, followed by a slower phase where the behavior is improved. No degradation of the behavior is found for continuing learning, i.e. the learned behavior is preserved for long lasting time.

  • Floating Gate Nonplanar Devices

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Cell Structures and Operation Process Technology Memory Array Circuitry Degradation Mechanisms Typical Characteristics This chapter contains sections titled: Referencs



Standards related to Degradation

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IEEE Guide for Assessing, Monitoring, and Mitigating Aging Effects on Class 1E Equipment Used in Nuclear Power Generating Stations

This document provides the guidelines for assessing, monitoring, and mitigating aging degradation effects on class 1E equipment used in nuclear power generating stations.