Conferences related to Degradation

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2018 14th IEEE International Conference on Signal Processing (ICSP)

ICSP2018 includes sessions on all aspects of theory, design and applications of signal processing. Prospective authors are invited to propose papers in any of the following areas, but not limited to: A. Digital Signal Processing (DSP)B. Spectrum Estimation & ModelingC. TF Spectrum Analysis & WaveletD. Higher Order Spectral AnalysisE. Adaptive Filtering &SPF. Array Signal ProcessingG. Hardware Implementation for Signal ProcessingH Speech and Audio CodingI. Speech Synthesis & RecognitionJ. Image Processing & UnderstandingK. PDE for Image ProcessingL.Video compression &StreamingM. Computer Vision & VRN. Multimedia & Human-computer InteractionO. Statistic Learning & Pattern RecognitionP. AI & Neural NetworksQ. Communication Signal processingR. SP for Internet and Wireless CommunicationsS. Biometrics & AuthentificationT. SP for Bio-medical & Cognitive ScienceU


2018 15th International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC)

1. Advanced Motion Control2. Haptics, Robotics and Human-Machine Systems3. Micro/Nano Motion Control Systems4. Intelligent Motion Control Systems5. Nonlinear, Adaptive and Robust Control Systems6. Motion Systems for Robot Intelligence and Humanoid Robotics7. CPG based Feedback Control, Morphological Control8. Actuators and Sensors in Motion System9. Motion Control of Aerial/Ground/Underwater Robots10. Advanced Dynamics and Motion Control11. Motion Control for Assistive and Rehabilitative Robots and Systems12. Intelligent and Advanced Traffic Controls13. Computer Vision in Motion Control14. Network and Communication Technologies in Motion Control15. Motion Control of Soft Robots16. Automation Technologies in Primary Industries17. Other Topics and Applications Involving Motion Dynamics and Control


2017 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2017

The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2036 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2036

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2031 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2031

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2029 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2029

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2026 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2026

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2025 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2025

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conferencecovering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies;encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including thelatest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulationand more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions,panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2024 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2024

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2023 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2023

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2022 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2022

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2021 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2021

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2020 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2020

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2019 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2019

    Comprehensive symposium on microwave theory and techniques including active and passive circuit components, theory and microwave systems.

  • 2018 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2018

    Microwave theory and techniques, RF/microwave/millimeter-wave/terahertz circuit design and fabrication technology, radio/wireless communication.

  • 2016 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2016

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2015 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2015

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics. The IMS includes technical sessions, both oral and interactive, worksh

  • 2014 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2014

    IMS2014 will cover developments in microwave technology from nano devices to system applications. Technical paper sessions, interactive forums, plenary and panel sessions, workshops, short courses, industrial exhibits, and a wide array of other technical activities will be offered.

  • 2013 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2013

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter -wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2012 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2012

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2011 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2011

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2010 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2010

    Reports of research and development at the state-of-the-art of the theory and techniques related to the technology and applications of devices, components, circuits, modules and systems in the RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, submillimeter-wave and Terahertz ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

  • 2009 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2009

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2008 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2008

  • 2007 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2007

  • 2006 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2006

  • 2005 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2005

  • 2004 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2004

  • 2003 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2003

  • 2002 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2002

  • 2001 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2001

  • 2000 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2000

  • 1999 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '99

  • 1998 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '98

  • 1997 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '97

  • 1996 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '96


2017 12th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS® Association and EuMA and is the premier European technical conference for RF microelectronics. Aim of the conference is to promote the discussion of recent developments and trends, and to encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information covering a broad range of high-frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits and applications, that will be addressed in all of theiraspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement. If you are interested in anything about microwave and RF IC's, the EuMIC conference is an exceptional venue to learn about the latest advances in the field and meet recognized experts from both Industry and Academia.

  • 2016 11th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS® Association and EuMA and is the premier European technical conference for RF microelectronics. Aim of the conference is to promote the discussion of recent developments and trends, and to encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information covering a broad range of high-frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits and applications, that will be addressed in all of their aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement. If you are interested in anything about microwave and RF IC's, the EuMIC conference is an exceptional venue to learn about the latest advances in the field and meet recognized experts from both Industry and Academia.

  • 2015 10th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS® Association and EuMA and is the premier European technical conference for RF microelectronics. Aim of the conference is to promote the discussion of recent developments and trends, and to encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information covering a broad range of high-frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits and applications, that will be addressed in all of their aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement. If you are interested in anything about microwave and RF IC’s, the EuMIC conference is an exceptional venue to learn about the latest advances in the field and meet recognized experts from both Industry and Academia.

  • 2014 9th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The EuMIC conference is jointly organized by GAAS

  • 2013 European Microwave Integrated Circuit Conference (EuMIC)

    RF and microwave devices for telecommunication and sensor systems including UMTS/LTE, LMDS and other systems working in the microwave and millimetre -wave range. Covering recent development and trends in physical fundamentals, physical and behavoural modeling, microwave and opto-electric devices and monolithic design in GaAs, InP, SiGe, GaN and SiC technologies.

  • 2012 European Microwave Integrated Circuit Conference (EuMIC)

    Microwave integrated circuits: modelling, simulation and characterisation of devices and circuits; technologies and devices; circuit design and applications.

  • 2011 European Microwave Integrated Circuit Conference (EuMIC)

    RF and microwave devices for telecommunication and sensor systems including UMTS/LTE, LMDS and other systems working in the microwave and millimetre-wave range. Covering recent development and trends in physical fundamentals, physical and behavoural modeling, microwave and opto-electric devices and monolithic design in GaAs, InP, SiGe, GaN and SiC technologies.

  • 2010 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    EuMIC is the leading conference for MMICs/RFICs and their applications in Europe. The aim of the conference is to promote the discussion of recent developments and trends, and encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information on physical fundamentals, material technology, process development and technology, physics based and empirical behavioral modeling of microwave and optoelectronic active devices and design of monolithic ICs

  • 2009 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The 4th European Microwave Integrated Circut Conference, EuMIC, in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, is one of four conferences at the European Microwave Week 2008, the largest event in Europe dedicated to microwave electronics. EuMIC is the leading European conference for RFIC/MMIC technology and applications. The aim of the conference is to cover recent research and development on material technology, process development/technology.

  • 2008 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    The third European Microwave Integrated Circut Conference, EuMIC, in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, is one of four conferences at the European Microwave Week 2008, the largest event in Europe dedicated to microwave electronics. EuMIC is the leading European conference for RFIC/MMIC technology and applications. The aim of the conference is to cover recent research and development on material technology, process development/technology.

  • 2007 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC)

    RF and microwave devices for telecommunication and sensor systems including UMTS, LMDS and other systems working in the microwave and millimetre-wave range. Covering recent development and trends in physical fundamentals, physicas and behavoural modeling, microwave and opto-electric devices and monolithic design in GaAs, InP, SiGe, GaN and SiC technologies.

  • 2006 European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC) (Formerly GAAS)

  • GAAS 2005 - European Gallium Arsenide and Other Semiconductors Application Symposium


2017 12th IEEE International Symposium onIndustrial Embedded Systems (SIES)

Recent developments, deployments, technology trends and research results, as well as initiatives related to embedded systems and their applications in a variety of industrial environments.


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Periodicals related to Degradation

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on

Speech analysis, synthesis, coding speech recognition, speaker recognition, language modeling, speech production and perception, speech enhancement. In audio, transducers, room acoustics, active sound control, human audition, analysis/synthesis/coding of music, and consumer audio. (8) (IEEE Guide for Authors) The scope for the proposed transactions includes SPEECH PROCESSING - Transmission and storage of Speech signals; speech coding; speech enhancement and noise reduction; ...


Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on

The theory, design and application of Control Systems. It shall encompass components, and the integration of these components, as are necessary for the construction of such systems. The word `systems' as used herein shall be interpreted to include physical, biological, organizational and other entities and combinations thereof, which can be represented through a mathematical symbolism. The Field of Interest: shall ...


Automation Science and Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Automation Sciences and Engineering (T-ASE) publishes fundamental papers on Automation, emphasizing scientific results that advance efficiency, quality, productivity, and reliability. T-ASE encourages interdisciplinary approaches from computer science, control systems, electrical engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, operations research, and other fields. We welcome results relevant to industries such as agriculture, biotechnology, healthcare, home automation, maintenance, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, retail, ...


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Xplore Articles related to Degradation

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Combined TLP/RF testing system for detection of ESD failures in RF circuits

Sami Hyvonen; Sopan Joshi; Elyse Rosenbaum 2003 Electrical Overstress/Electrostatic Discharge Symposium, 2003

We present a modified TLP measurement system in which full functional RF testing, along with conventional leakage current measurement, is performed after each pulse to detect failure. Measurement results from 5-GHz LNAs show that RF metrics degrade before the leakage current increases. Also, we introduce an ESD-protected RF circuit for which leakage current measurements cannot be made, necessitating the use ...


Performance analysis of the coded SFH-SSMA communication systems over MUI channel with side information

K. A. Qaraqe; N. C. Griswald; Y. G. El Jaafreh 1999 IEEE 49th Vehicular Technology Conference (Cat. No.99CH36363), 1999

This paper presents the tradeoff performance of the slow frequency hopped spread spectrum multiple access (SFH-SSMA) communication system under conditions of multiple user interference (MUI) for a common communication channel. A Reed Solomon (RS) code with erasures for decoding are employed along with an orthogonal M-ary frequency shift keying (MFSK) modulation scheme, and a noncoherent demodulation. As more users are ...


20000 h InGaAs quantum well lasers

S. L. Yellen; R. G. Waters; Y. C. Chen; B. A. Soltz; S. E. Fischer; D. Fekete; J. M. Ballantyne Electronics Letters, 1990

Strained-layer GRINSCH-SQW InGaAs lasers operating CW at 1.01 mu m have been CW life tested to over 20000 h while exhibiting an average degradation rate of 1.3% per kh. These uncoated lasers were life tested at 70 mW (per facet) in constant power mode at a heatsink temperature of 30 degrees C. In addition to their longevity, these lasers exhibited ...


Multispot model of contacts based on surface features

R. D. Malucci Thirty-Sixth IEEE Conference on Electrical Contacts, and the Fifteenth International Conference on Electrical Contacts, 1990

A model to account for long-term degradation of stationary contacts is proposed. The model is based on introducing a third level of multispot constrictions on the surface of each asperity. The results of simulating fretting corrosion provided good agreement with existing test data. In the latter case it was found that variation of the basic parameter which represents film breakdown ...


Detecting soil organic carbon by CASI hyperspectral images

Raffaella Matarrese; Valeria Ancona; Rosamaria Salvatori; Maria Rita Muolo; Vito Felice Uricchio; Michele Vurro 2014 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2014

Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays an important role in soil quality definition. In fact, soil organic matter (SOM) decline is one of the most relevant land degradation processes [1]. Therefore, an innovative methodology able to monitoring this soil property, collecting data more rapidly and economically, is needed. In this regard, remote sensing technique can open new scenarios of research. In ...


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Educational Resources on Degradation

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eLearning

Combined TLP/RF testing system for detection of ESD failures in RF circuits

Sami Hyvonen; Sopan Joshi; Elyse Rosenbaum 2003 Electrical Overstress/Electrostatic Discharge Symposium, 2003

We present a modified TLP measurement system in which full functional RF testing, along with conventional leakage current measurement, is performed after each pulse to detect failure. Measurement results from 5-GHz LNAs show that RF metrics degrade before the leakage current increases. Also, we introduce an ESD-protected RF circuit for which leakage current measurements cannot be made, necessitating the use ...


Performance analysis of the coded SFH-SSMA communication systems over MUI channel with side information

K. A. Qaraqe; N. C. Griswald; Y. G. El Jaafreh 1999 IEEE 49th Vehicular Technology Conference (Cat. No.99CH36363), 1999

This paper presents the tradeoff performance of the slow frequency hopped spread spectrum multiple access (SFH-SSMA) communication system under conditions of multiple user interference (MUI) for a common communication channel. A Reed Solomon (RS) code with erasures for decoding are employed along with an orthogonal M-ary frequency shift keying (MFSK) modulation scheme, and a noncoherent demodulation. As more users are ...


20000 h InGaAs quantum well lasers

S. L. Yellen; R. G. Waters; Y. C. Chen; B. A. Soltz; S. E. Fischer; D. Fekete; J. M. Ballantyne Electronics Letters, 1990

Strained-layer GRINSCH-SQW InGaAs lasers operating CW at 1.01 mu m have been CW life tested to over 20000 h while exhibiting an average degradation rate of 1.3% per kh. These uncoated lasers were life tested at 70 mW (per facet) in constant power mode at a heatsink temperature of 30 degrees C. In addition to their longevity, these lasers exhibited ...


Multispot model of contacts based on surface features

R. D. Malucci Thirty-Sixth IEEE Conference on Electrical Contacts, and the Fifteenth International Conference on Electrical Contacts, 1990

A model to account for long-term degradation of stationary contacts is proposed. The model is based on introducing a third level of multispot constrictions on the surface of each asperity. The results of simulating fretting corrosion provided good agreement with existing test data. In the latter case it was found that variation of the basic parameter which represents film breakdown ...


Detecting soil organic carbon by CASI hyperspectral images

Raffaella Matarrese; Valeria Ancona; Rosamaria Salvatori; Maria Rita Muolo; Vito Felice Uricchio; Michele Vurro 2014 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2014

Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays an important role in soil quality definition. In fact, soil organic matter (SOM) decline is one of the most relevant land degradation processes [1]. Therefore, an innovative methodology able to monitoring this soil property, collecting data more rapidly and economically, is needed. In this regard, remote sensing technique can open new scenarios of research. In ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Power System Restoration The Second Task Force Report

    In its second report, the Power System Restoration Task Force (PSR-TF) (1) reviews the 1979-83 North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) Reports on Major Bulk Power System Disturbances (2), identifying restoration problems which have been encountered during that 5-year period. Generally, these problems fall into three phases of restoration activities: planning for restart, reintegration and restoration of the bulk power supply; control actions during system degradation for saving and retaining critical sources of power; and restoration after a major disturbance when the power system has stabilized. The report also briefly discusses the applicability of several existing programs to the system restoration process. The opinions and conclusions expressed in this paper are those of the authors; they are based on the referenced reports and have not been reviewed with NERC or the reporting utilities.

  • Audio Fingerprinting

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Fingerprint Extraction * Fingerprint Matching * Fingerprinting System: Example

  • Communication Practices by Way of Permits and Policy: Do Environmental Regulations Promote Sustainability in the Real World?

    Communication has played a key role in the development and evolution of the postmodern environmental movement since its emergence in the late 1960s. Today, the sense of urgency surrounding environmental degradation and the human contribution to this has only escalated, with environmentalism no longer viewed as a radical concept. The Construction General Storm Water Permit (CGP) stems from federal regulations, which were enacted to regulate and manage the release of construction-related pollutants into storm water. To study the efficacy of the CGP in the real world, the author conducted a targeted case study with four environmental professionals who work within California's construction community, and who have some degree of experience or expertise in working with the CGP and its requirements. This project involved examining the concept of sustainability as it is communicated by environmental regulations.

  • China

    In this book Peter Lindert evaluates environmental concerns about soil degradation in two very large countries--China and Indonesia--where anecdotal evidence has suggested serious problems. Lindert does what no scholar before him has done: using new archival data sets, he measures changes in soil productivity over long enough periods of time to reveal the influence of human activity.China and Indonesia are good test cases because of their geography and history. China has been at the center of global concerns about desertification and water erosion, which it may have accelerated with intense agriculture. Most of Indonesia¹s lands were created by volcanoes and erosion, and its rapid deforestation and shifting slash-burn agriculture have been singled out for international censure.Lindert's investigation suggests that human mismanagement is not on average worsening the soil quality in China and Indonesia. Human cultivation lowers soil nitrogen and organic matter, but has offsetting positive effects. Economic development and rising incomes may even lead to better soil. Beyond the importance of Lindert's immediate findings, this book opens a new area of study--quantitative soil history--and raises the standard for debating soil trends.

  • ReliabilityBased TransmissionService Pricing

    Chapter 12 discusses a method to calculate the reliability component in transmission service pricing, including: * Basic concepts of reliability based transmission service pricing * Calculation methods for unit incremental reliability value (UIRV), generation credit for reliability improvement (GCRI), load charge for reliability degradation (LCRD) and load charge rate due to generation credit (LCRGC) * Rate designs for wheeling and native customers and credits to generation customers * An application example using a utility system

  • OLED Fabrication Process

    This chapter describes the fabrication processes of OLED devices. In general, OLEDs are fabricated by either a dry process or a wet process. The commonly used dry process is vacuum evaporation. Three types of vacuum evaporation techniques are reviewed. In wet processes, there are processes for coating without fine patterning and processes for making fine patterns.In addition to deposition techniques of each organic layer, RGB patterning technologies are important. These RGB patterning technologies are vacuum deposition using fine metal masks, wet processes such as ink¿¿¿jet, nozzle printing, relief printing, etc., and laser patterning process.

  • Dielectric Breakdown of Gate Oxides: Physics and Experiments

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * Physics of Degradation and Breakdown * Physical Models for Oxide Degradation and Breakdown * Experimental Results of Oxide Breakdown * Post-Breakdown Phenomena * References

  • Viterbi Decoding for Satellite and Space Communication

    Convolutional coding and Viterbi decoding, along with binary phase-shift keyed modulation, is presented as an efficient system for reliable communication on power limited satellite and space channels. Performance results, obtained theoretically and through computer simulation, are given for optimum short constraint length codes for a range of code constraint lengths and code rates. System efficiency is compared for hard receiver quantization and 4 and 8 level soft quantization. The effects on performance of varying of certain parameters relevant to decoder complexity and cost is examined. Quantitative performance degradation due to imperfect carrier phase coherence is evaluated and compared to that of an uncoded system. As an example of decoder performance versus complexity, a recently implemented 2-Mbit/s constraint length 7 Viterbi decoder is discussed. Finally a comparison is made between Viterbi and sequential decoding in terms of suitability to various system requirements.

  • Transceiver Budgets

    This chapter illustrates how to carry out the system design of a transceiver in order to fulfill a given set of requirements while taking into consideration the limitations in its physical implementation. Two approaches can be followed. We can decide a priori on an architecture that is theoretically able to fulfill the different requirements we have for a transceiver. We can then carry out the budget of the line‐up to refine the balance of the constraints between the different blocks of the line‐up, and then check that we can achieve the desired performance. In practice, these two approaches can be seen as the two sequences of an iterative process that leads to the optimization of the final implementation of a transceiver. Finally the chapter illustrates how to budget a transceiver for a selected architecture, and reviews the functions embedded in the direct conversion receiver.

  • Analysis of Performance Impact Caused by Power Supply Noise in Deep Submicron Devices

    The paper addresses the problem of analyzing the performance degradation caused by noise in power supply lines for deep submicron CMOS devices. We first propose a statistical modeling technique for the power supply noise including inductive ?>_I_ noise and power net _IR_ voltage drop. The model is then integrated with a statistical timing analysis framework to estimate the performance degradation caused by the power supply noise. Experimental results of our analysis framework, validated by HSPICE, for benchmark circuits implemented on both 0.25 ¿¿, 2.5 V and 0.55 ¿¿, 3.3 V technologies are presented and discussed. The results show that on average, with the consideration of this noise effect, the circuit critical path delays increase by 33% and 18%, respectively for circuits implemented on these two technologies



Standards related to Degradation

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IEEE Guide for Assessing, Monitoring, and Mitigating Aging Effects on Class 1E Equipment Used in Nuclear Power Generating Stations

This document provides the guidelines for assessing, monitoring, and mitigating aging degradation effects on class 1E equipment used in nuclear power generating stations.



Jobs related to Degradation

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