Conferences related to Degradation

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2017 Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium (RAMS)

Tutorials and original papers on reliability, maintainability, safety, risk management, and logistics


2015 IEEE International Reliability Physics Symposium (IRPS)

Sharing information related to cause, effects and solutions in the deign and manufacture of electronics and related components


2013 20th IEEE International Symposium on the Physical and Failure Analysis of Integrated Circuits (IPFA)

Sample Preparation, Metrology and Material Characterization Advanced Failure Analysis Techniques Die-Level / Package-Level Failure Analysis Case Study & Failure Mechanisms Product Reliability Evaluation and ApproachesNovel Device Reliability and Failure MechanismsNovel Gate Stack/Dielectrics and FEOL Reliability and Failure MechanismsAdvanced Interconnects and BEOL Reliability and Failure Mechanisms


2013 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IIRW)

We invite you to submit a presentation proposal that addresses any semiconductor related reliability issue, including the following topics: resistive memories, high-k and nitrided SiO2 gate dielectrics, reliability assessment of novel devices, III-V, SOI, emerging memory technologies, transistor reliability including hot carriers and NBTI/PBTI, root cause defects (physical mechanisms and simulations), Cu interconnects and low-k dielectrics, impact of transistor degradation on circuit reliability, designing-in reliability (products, circuits,systems, processes), customer product reliability requirements / manufacturer reliability tasks, waferlevel reliability tests (test approaches and reliability test structures), reliability modeling and simulation,optoelectronics, and single event upsets.

  • 2012 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IIRW)

    The IRW focuses on ensuring electronic device reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and simulation, as well as identification of the defects and physical mechanisms responsible for reliability problems.

  • 2011 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IIRW)

    The IRW focuses on ensuring electronic device reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and simulation, as well as identification of the defects and physical mechanisms responsible for reliability problems through tutorials, paper presentations, discussion groups and special interest groups.

  • 2010 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IIRW)

    The Integrated Reliability Workshop focuses on ensuring electronic device reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and simulation, as well as identification of the defects and physical mechanisms responsible for reliability problems. Through tutorials, discussion groups, special interest groups, and the informal format of the technical program, a unique environment is provided for understanding, developing, and sharing reliability technology and test methodology for present and f

  • 2009 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IRW)

    Semiconductor Reliability in general; and Wafer Level Reliability in specific. Covering areas like (but not limited to): Design-in Reliability, reliability characterization, deep sub-micron transistor and circuit reliability, customer reliability requirements, wafer level reliability tests, and reliability root cause analysis, etc.

  • 2008 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IRW)

    The workshop focuses on ensuring device reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization and simulation as well as identification of the defects and mechanisms responsible for reliability problems. It provides a unique environment for understanding, developing and sharing reliability technology and test methodology.

  • 2007 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IRW)

    The Workshop focuses on ensuring semiconductor reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and simulation, as well as identification of the defects and physical mechanisms responsible for reliabilty problems. Through tutorials, discussion groups, special interest groups, and the informal format of the technical program, a unique environment is provided for understanding and developing reliability technology and test methodology.

  • 2006 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IRW)


2013 IEEE/AIAA 32nd Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC)

DASC is the premier annual conference providing authors an opportunity for publication and presentation to an international audience of papers encompassing the field of avionics systems for aircraft/rotorcraft/unmanned aircraft (commercial, military, general aviation) launch vehicles, missiles, spacecraft, and space transportation systems, navigation, guidance/control of flight, computers, communications, sensors (radar, infrared, visual bands), avionics architectures and data networking, communications networks, software, crew interface, space and ground components needed for the operation of military, commercial, and business aircraft, and avionics electrical power generation and control, Student papers are entered into a judged competition.


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Periodicals related to Degradation

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Automation Science and Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Automation Sciences and Engineering (T-ASE) publishes fundamental papers on Automation, emphasizing scientific results that advance efficiency, quality, productivity, and reliability. T-ASE encourages interdisciplinary approaches from computer science, control systems, electrical engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, operations research, and other fields. We welcome results relevant to industries such as agriculture, biotechnology, healthcare, home automation, maintenance, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, retail, ...


Device and Materials Reliability, IEEE Transactions on

Provides leading edge information that is critical to the creation of reliable electronic devices and materials, and a focus for interdisciplinary communication in the state of the art of reliability of electronic devices, and the materials used in their manufacture. It focuses on the reliability of electronic, optical, and magnetic devices, and microsystems; the materials and processes used in the ...


Electron Device Letters, IEEE

Publishes original and significant contributions relating to the theory, design, performance and reliability of electron devices, including optoelectronic devices, nanoscale devices, solid-state devices, integrated electronic devices, energy sources, power devices, displays, sensors, electro-mechanical devices, quantum devices and electron tubes.


Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on

Publishes original and significant contributions relating to the theory, design, performance and reliability of electron devices, including optoelectronics devices, nanoscale devices, solid-state devices, integrated electronic devices, energy sources, power devices, displays, sensors, electro-mechanical devices, quantum devices and electron tubes.


Reliability, IEEE Transactions on

Principles and practices of reliability, maintainability, and product liability pertaining to electrical and electronic equipment.


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Xplore Articles related to Degradation

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A New Method Based on Stochastic Process Models for Machine Remaining Useful Life Prediction

Yaguo Lei; Naipeng Li; Jing Lin IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 2016

Remaining useful life (RUL) prediction is a key process in condition-based maintenance for machines. It contributes to reducing risks and maintenance costs and increasing the maintainability, availability, reliability, and productivity of machines. This paper proposes a new method based on stochastic process models for machine RUL prediction. First, a new stochastic process model is constructed considering the multiple variability sources ...


A robust reliability methodology for accurately predicting Bias Temperature Instability induced circuit performance degradation in HKMG CMOS

D. P. Ioannou; K. Zhao; A. Bansal; B. Linder; R. Bolam; E. Cartier; J. -J. Kim; R. Rao; G. La Rosa; G. Massey; M. Hauser; K. Das; J. H. Stathis; J. Aitken; D. Badami; S. Mittl 2011 International Reliability Physics Symposium, 2011

A robust reliability characterization / modeling approach for accurately predicting Bias Temperature Instability (BTI) induced circuit performance degradation in High-k Metal Gate (HKMG) CMOS is presented. A series of device level stress experiments employing both AC and DC stress/relax BTI measurements are undertaken to characterize FET's threshold voltage instability response to a dynamic (inverter type) operation. Results from the AC ...


Life curves for new and thermally aged oil-impregnated paper insulation

Lukasz Chmura; D. V. D. Boorn; P. H. F. Morshuis; J. J. Smit 2013 IEEE Electrical Insulation Conference (EIC), 2013

The life-time of oil-impregnated (OI) insulation is mainly governed by two aging mechanism, i.e. electrical and thermal. The electrical-life law takes the form of inverse power law. In this case the life is inversely proportional to the applied electrical stress. Due to continuous voltage application, the insulation loses the dielectric strength. The process of thermal aging of OI insulation is ...


Fault tolerance and reliable routing in augmented hypercube architectures

M. S. Alam; R. Melhem Eighth Annual International Phoenix Conference on Computers and Communications. 1989 Conference Proceedings, 1989

Two schemes for augmenting hypercubes with spare nodes are presented. In both schemes, fault coverage is local in the sense that only the neighbors of the faulty nodes need to know about the faults. Routing in the presence of faults is accomplished by distributed algorithms that deliver messages reliably to their destination nodes. A message destined to a faulty node ...


Improving LPC analysis of speech in additive noise

A. Trabelsi; F. R. Boyer; Y. Savaria; M. Boukadoum 2007 IEEE Northeast Workshop on Circuits and Systems, 2007

Linear prediction based speech (LPC) analysis is known to be sensitive to the presence of additive noise. In this paper, we present a noise-compensated method for LPC analysis which ensures good spectral matching between the original speech spectrum and the autoregressive (AR) model spectrum. In this method, the noise periodogram is obtained first by applying a simplified noise power spectral ...


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Educational Resources on Degradation

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eLearning

A New Method Based on Stochastic Process Models for Machine Remaining Useful Life Prediction

Yaguo Lei; Naipeng Li; Jing Lin IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 2016

Remaining useful life (RUL) prediction is a key process in condition-based maintenance for machines. It contributes to reducing risks and maintenance costs and increasing the maintainability, availability, reliability, and productivity of machines. This paper proposes a new method based on stochastic process models for machine RUL prediction. First, a new stochastic process model is constructed considering the multiple variability sources ...


A robust reliability methodology for accurately predicting Bias Temperature Instability induced circuit performance degradation in HKMG CMOS

D. P. Ioannou; K. Zhao; A. Bansal; B. Linder; R. Bolam; E. Cartier; J. -J. Kim; R. Rao; G. La Rosa; G. Massey; M. Hauser; K. Das; J. H. Stathis; J. Aitken; D. Badami; S. Mittl 2011 International Reliability Physics Symposium, 2011

A robust reliability characterization / modeling approach for accurately predicting Bias Temperature Instability (BTI) induced circuit performance degradation in High-k Metal Gate (HKMG) CMOS is presented. A series of device level stress experiments employing both AC and DC stress/relax BTI measurements are undertaken to characterize FET's threshold voltage instability response to a dynamic (inverter type) operation. Results from the AC ...


Life curves for new and thermally aged oil-impregnated paper insulation

Lukasz Chmura; D. V. D. Boorn; P. H. F. Morshuis; J. J. Smit 2013 IEEE Electrical Insulation Conference (EIC), 2013

The life-time of oil-impregnated (OI) insulation is mainly governed by two aging mechanism, i.e. electrical and thermal. The electrical-life law takes the form of inverse power law. In this case the life is inversely proportional to the applied electrical stress. Due to continuous voltage application, the insulation loses the dielectric strength. The process of thermal aging of OI insulation is ...


Fault tolerance and reliable routing in augmented hypercube architectures

M. S. Alam; R. Melhem Eighth Annual International Phoenix Conference on Computers and Communications. 1989 Conference Proceedings, 1989

Two schemes for augmenting hypercubes with spare nodes are presented. In both schemes, fault coverage is local in the sense that only the neighbors of the faulty nodes need to know about the faults. Routing in the presence of faults is accomplished by distributed algorithms that deliver messages reliably to their destination nodes. A message destined to a faulty node ...


Improving LPC analysis of speech in additive noise

A. Trabelsi; F. R. Boyer; Y. Savaria; M. Boukadoum 2007 IEEE Northeast Workshop on Circuits and Systems, 2007

Linear prediction based speech (LPC) analysis is known to be sensitive to the presence of additive noise. In this paper, we present a noise-compensated method for LPC analysis which ensures good spectral matching between the original speech spectrum and the autoregressive (AR) model spectrum. In this method, the noise periodogram is obtained first by applying a simplified noise power spectral ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Satellite Orbits and Constellations

    This chapter begins with Kepler's laws, equations that describe the motion of Earth orbiting satellites under idealized conditions using a set of Keplerian parameters. It then discusses the deviation of actual satellite orbits from those predicted by Kepler's laws, and how these deviations from ideal are handled in satnav. The chapter introduces some basics of satnav constellations, since satnav requires multiple satellites both to provide coverage over large portions of the Earth's surface and to provide the needed number of measurements. Constellations are typically designed to provide graceful degradation of satellite geometry in the absence of a few satellites, as well as to accommodate additional satellites that may be launched before an on-orbit satellite has failed and needs replacement. The chapter presents some useful calculations of geometry between satellites and receivers, showing how the geometry maps into characteristics of received signals.

  • No title

    Adaptive detection of signals embedded in correlated Gaussian noise has been an active field of research in the last decades. This topic is important in many areas of signal processing such as, just to give some examples, radar, sonar, communications, and hyperspectral imaging. Most of the existing adaptive algorithms have been designed following the lead of the derivation of Kelly's detector which assumes perfect knowledge of the target steering vector. However, in realistic scenarios, mismatches are likely to occur due to both environmental and instrumental factors. When a mismatched signal is present in the data under test, conventional algorithms may suffer severe performance degradation. The presence of strong interferers in the cell under test makes the detection task even more challenging. An effective way to cope with this scenario relies on the use of "tunable" detectors, i.e., detectors capable of changing their directivity through the tuning of proper parameters. The aim o this book is to present some recent advances in the design of tunable detectors and the focus is on the so-called two-stage detectors, i.e., adaptive algorithms obtained cascading two detectors with opposite behaviors. We derive exact closed-form expressions for the resulting probability of false alarm and the probability of detection for both matched and mismatched signals embedded in homogeneous Gaussian noise. It turns out that such solutions guarantee a wide operational range in terms of tunability while retaining, at the same time, an overall performance in presence of matched signals commensurate with Kelly's detector. Table of Contents: Introduction / Adaptive Radar Detection of Targets / Adaptive Detection Schemes for Mismatched Signals / Enhanced Adaptive Sidelobe Blanking Algorithms / Conclusions

  • High Temperature Hybrids for use up to 275CDrift and Lifetime

    This paper reviews the drift and lifetime performance of 275°C hybrid microcircuits that were recently developed by Teledyne Philbrick and Sandia National Laboratories. This hybrid technology is based on temperature tolerant thick films and discrete silicon JFETs. The results of high temperature circuit testing are reviewed; component and circuit degradation and fail ure modes are described and compared to predictions; and finally, design rules are given to maximize lifetimes and to minimize performance drift for up to 10,000 hours of operation at 275°C. Although these circuits were developed for instrumenting geothermal bqreholes, many other applications for this technology exist in such areas as fossil fuel exploration and production systems, jet engine monitors, and nuclear reactor monitors.

  • Destiny of Humankind from an Astrobiology Point of View

    Astrobiology is a multidisciplinary approach used to study the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life on Earth and in the cosmos and is based on the assumption that life is a universal planetary phenomenon if the right environmental conditions prevail. Such an approach helps to transform our Weltbild from a geocentric to a more Universe-oriented one. This chapter focuses on migration as a central attribute of life within the astrobiological context. Migration has been observed for terrestrial life throughout its more than 4 billion years (Ga) of history, across all domains of life. It appears, however, that migration is not confined to the planetary realm. It is argued that microbial life-forms can be transported by meteorites between the planets of our solar system. In addition, humans have now developed the technology to leave their home planet and to explore other bodies in our solar system. This evolutionary step is still in its infancy, with the Moon being the only celestial body visited so far, yet it is demonstrated that technology exists for more ambitious projects, such as a visit to the planet Mars. The issue of whether human spaceflight has the potential to promote peaceful cooperation on a global scale is discussed briefly. Finally, forced migration due to environmental degradation is considered, with a special emphasis on hypothetical scenarios of a future exodus from the Earth as a consequence of anthropogenic collapse of the planet's life-support systems. The conclusion is drawn that sustainable development on Terra should be achievable using only a tiny fraction of the efforts required for interplanetary mass transportation.

  • No title

    Current vision systems are designed to perform in normal weather condition. However, no one can escape from severe weather conditions. Bad weather reduces scene contrast and visibility, which results in degradation in the performance of various computer vision algorithms such as object tracking, segmentation and recognition. Thus, current vision systems must include some mechanisms that enable them to perform up to the mark in bad weather conditions such as rain and fog. Rain causes the spatial and temporal intensity variations in images or video frames. These intensity changes are due to the random distribution and high velocities of the raindrops. Fog causes low contrast and whiteness in the image and leads to a shift in the color. This book has studied rain and fog from the perspective of vision. The book has two main goals: 1) removal of rain from videos captured by a moving and static camera, 2) removal of the fog from images and videos captured by a moving single uncalibrated ca era system. The book begins with a literature survey. Pros and cons of the selected prior art algorithms are described, and a general framework for the development of an efficient rain removal algorithm is explored. Temporal and spatiotemporal properties of rain pixels are analyzed and using these properties, two rain removal algorithms for the videos captured by a static camera are developed. For the removal of rain, temporal and spatiotemporal algorithms require fewer numbers of consecutive frames which reduces buffer size and delay. These algorithms do not assume the shape, size and velocity of raindrops which make it robust to different rain conditions (i.e., heavy rain, light rain and moderate rain). In a practical situation, there is no ground truth available for rain video. Thus, no reference quality metric is very useful in measuring the efficacy of the rain removal algorithms. Temporal variance and spatiotemporal variance are presented in this book as no reference quality met ics. An efficient rain removal algorithm using meteorological properties of rain is developed. The relation among the orientation of the raindrops, wind velocity and terminal velocity is established. This relation is used in the estimation of shape- based features of the raindrop. Meteorological property-based features helped to discriminate the rain and non-rain pixels. Most of the prior art algorithms are designed for the videos captured by a static camera. The use of global motion compensation with all rain removal algorithms designed for videos captured by static camera results in better accuracy for videos captured by moving camera. Qualitative and quantitative results confirm that probabilistic temporal, spatiotemporal and meteorological algorithms outperformed other prior art algorithms in terms of the perceptual quality, buffer size, execution delay and system cost. The work presented in this book can find wide application in entertainment industries, transportation, tracking a d consumer electronics. Table of Contents: Acknowledgments / Introduction / Analysis of Rain / Dataset and Performance Metrics / Important Rain Detection Algorithms / Probabilistic Approach for Detection and Removal of Rain / Impact of Camera Motion on Detection of Rain / Meteorological Approach for Detection and Removal of Rain from Videos / Conclusion and Scope of Future Work / Bibliography / Authors' Biographies

  • Learning default mappings and exception handling

    We show how a layered neural adaptation process comes to learn a simple default mapping from inputs to outputs. Then, as a succeeding step, it learns to use context for detection and handling of exceptions from this default mapping. Thereby tasks can be learnt in a step-wise manner, and the system exhibits graceful degradation if higher structures in the system are damaged

  • Core Lamination Insulation Failure and Repair

    This chapter discusses the most common causes of stator and rotor core failures in both induction and synchronous machines, together with proven repair methods. Degradation of the core condition due to the effects of thermal aging can occur in all rotating machine laminated cores. Electrical aging occurs when the voltage across the lamination insulation induced by magnetic fluxes, electromagnetic forces, or high ground-fault currents causes deterioration. The most common causes of mechanical degradation in cores are inadequate core pressure applied in manufacture, core pressure reduction in service due to relaxation of the core support structure, core vibration, back- of-core looseness, and mechanical damage causing smearing of the core surface at the bore. A number of different core insulation defects can be introduced during manufacture and these may not be detected if adequate quality assurance (QA) checks are not performed.

  • Power System Restoration The Second Task Force Report

    In its second report, the Power System Restoration Task Force (PSR-TF) (1) reviews the 1979-83 North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) Reports on Major Bulk Power System Disturbances (2), identifying restoration problems which have been encountered during that 5-year period. Generally, these problems fall into three phases of restoration activities: planning for restart, reintegration and restoration of the bulk power supply; control actions during system degradation for saving and retaining critical sources of power; and restoration after a major disturbance when the power system has stabilized. The report also briefly discusses the applicability of several existing programs to the system restoration process. The opinions and conclusions expressed in this paper are those of the authors; they are based on the referenced reports and have not been reviewed with NERC or the reporting utilities.

  • Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering

    Biomaterials are used to provide structural support during the tissue and organ fabrication process and are designed to simulate properties of the mammalian extracellular matrix. In this chapter, we provide a broad overview of biomaterials as they apply to tissue engineering. We provide a working definition of biomaterials and discuss biomaterial classification schemes and biomaterial platforms. During the course of this chapter, we also study biomaterial properties, including tensile properties, degradation kinetics, biocompatibility and biomimetic properties.

  • References

    Images of environmental disaster and degradation have become part of our everyday media diet. This visual culture focusing on environmental deterioration represents a wider recognition of the political, economic, and cultural forces that are responsible for our ongoing environmental crisis. And yet efforts to raise awareness about environmental issues through digital and visual media are riddled with irony, because the resource extraction, manufacturing, transportation, and waste associated with digital devices contribute to environmental damage and climate change. _Screen Ecologies _examines the relationship of media, art, and climate change in the Asia- Pacific region -- a key site of both environmental degradation and the production and consumption of climate-aware screen art and media. _Screen Ecologies_ shows how new media and visual artists provide alternative ways for understanding the entanglements of media and the environment in the Asia-Pacific. It investi ates such topics as artists' exploration of alternative ways to represent the environment; regional stories of media innovation and climate change; the tensions between amateur and professional art; the emergence of biennials, triennials, and new arts organizations; the theme of water in regional art; new models for networked collaboration; and social media's move from private to public realms. A generous selection of illustrations shows a range of artist's projects.



Standards related to Degradation

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IEEE Guide for Assessing, Monitoring, and Mitigating Aging Effects on Class 1E Equipment Used in Nuclear Power Generating Stations

This document provides the guidelines for assessing, monitoring, and mitigating aging degradation effects on class 1E equipment used in nuclear power generating stations.



Jobs related to Degradation

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