Cerebral cortex

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The cerebral cortex is a sheet of neural tissue that is outermost to the cerebrum of the mammalian brain. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Cerebral cortex

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2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore


2019 9th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

Neural Engineering

  • 2017 8th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural Engineering is an emerging core discipline,which coalesces neuroscience with engineering.Members of both the Neuroscience and Engineering Communities areencouraged to attend this highly multidisciplinarymeeting. The conference will highlight the emergingengineering innovations in the restoration andenhancement of impaired sensory, motor, andcognitive functions, novel engineering for deepeningknowledge of brain function, and advanced designand use of neurotechnologies

  • 2015 7th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problemsassociated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, theelectrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, theanalysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi -scale from the single -cell and to the systemlevels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implantsand wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2013 6th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problems associated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, the electrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, the analysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi-scale from the single-cell and to the system levels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implants and wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2011 5th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2007 3rd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering

  • 2005 2nd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering

  • 2003 1st International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering


2019 IEEE 16th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI)

The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging.ISBI 2019 will be the 16th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2019 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering cross fertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.


2019 IEEE 58th Conference on Decision and Control (CDC)

The CDC is recognized as the premier scientific and engineering conference dedicated to the advancement of the theory and practice of systems and control. The CDC annually brings together an international community of researchers and practitioners in the field of automatic control to discuss new research results, perspectives on future developments, and innovative applications relevant to decision making, systems and control, and related areas.The 58th CDC will feature contributed and invited papers, as well as workshops and may include tutorial sessions.The IEEE CDC is hosted by the IEEE Control Systems Society (CSS) in cooperation with the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), the Japanese Society for Instrument and Control Engineers (SICE), and the European Union Control Association (EUCA).


2019 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (SMC)

2019 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC2019) will be held in the south of Europe in Bari, one of the most beautiful and historical cities in Italy. The Bari region’s nickname is “Little California” for its nice weather and Bari's cuisine is one of Italian most traditional , based of local seafood and olive oil. SMC2019 is the flagship conference of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society. It provides an international forum for researchers and practitioners to report up-to-the-minute innovations and developments, summarize state­of-the-art, and exchange ideas and advances in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems and cybernetics. Advances have importance in the creation of intelligent environments involving technologies interacting with humans to provide an enriching experience, and thereby improve quality of life.


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Periodicals related to Cerebral cortex

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in

The IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering will review the state-of-the-art and trends in the emerging field of biomedical engineering. This includes scholarly works, ranging from historic and modern development in biomedical engineering to the life sciences and medicine enabled by technologies covered by the various IEEE societies.


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


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Most published Xplore authors for Cerebral cortex

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Xplore Articles related to Cerebral cortex

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Method of Removing Noise from EEG Signals Based on HHT Method

2009 First International Conference on Information Science and Engineering, 2009

Many noises are interfused into EEG signals when they are measuring. In order to remove the noises effectively, a novel method based on Hilbert Huang Transform, is shown in the thesis. The theories of empirical mode decomposition and instantaneous frequency solution which are two parts of Hilbert-Huang Transformation are discussed in the thesis. Empirical mode decomposion is used to EEG ...


Diffuse reflection and energy distribution of 633, 780, 850, and 940nm low power laser in brain and laser acupuncture for drug detoxification of 115 addicted patients

2008 International Conference on Information Technology and Applications in Biomedicine, 2008

When using low power laser in therapy and diagnostics, the knowledge about the relationship between laser wavelengths and the percentage of reflected energy in the interface air-tissue and the distribution of energy in tissue helps us to choose appropriate wavelengths. In this paper, we present some results obtained from the simulation of low power 633, 780, 850, and 940 nm ...


Stimulus Feature Detection by Neurons in Somatosensory Areas I and II of Primates

IEEE Transactions on Man-Machine Systems, 1970

The responses of individual neurons in the cerebral cortex of unanesthetized macaques to moving cutaneous stimuli are described. In somatic sensory area I, 70 percent of the neurons studied exhibit a directional polarization to stimuli moving in opposite direction. In somatic sensory area II, the magnitude of responses is determined by more complex concatenations of stimulus properties, as regards direction ...


Coordination dynamics in large-scale cortical networks

IJCNN'99. International Joint Conference on Neural Networks. Proceedings (Cat. No.99CH36339), 1999

Areas of the cerebral cortex are known to be organized in large-scale networks that perform distinct cognitive functions. We postulate that cognitive microstates are instantiated as states of coordination among areas in large- scale cortical networks, and seek to understand the dynamics of the formation and evolution of cortical coordination states during cognitive task performance. This approach may provide useful ...


Reduced functinal connetivity between mediodorsal thalamic nucleus and anterior cingulated cortex in absence epilepsy

2010 International Conference of Medical Image Analysis and Clinical Application, 2010

Thalamus and its interaction with cerebral cortex are considered essential in the generation and propagation of spike and wave discharge (SWD). Our objective is to evaluate the spontaneous functional connectivity between the thalamus and cerebral cortex in absence epilepsy. We use the resting-state fMRI to determine the whole brain functional connectivity with the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus (MDTN) in 14 healthy ...


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Educational Resources on Cerebral cortex

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Method of Removing Noise from EEG Signals Based on HHT Method

    Many noises are interfused into EEG signals when they are measuring. In order to remove the noises effectively, a novel method based on Hilbert Huang Transform, is shown in the thesis. The theories of empirical mode decomposition and instantaneous frequency solution which are two parts of Hilbert-Huang Transformation are discussed in the thesis. Empirical mode decomposion is used to EEG which can be decomposed into a limited number of intrinsic mode functions. Different threshold are used to treat intrinsic mode functions to achieve de-noising. Results: Hilbert-Huang Transformation is demonstrated to be effective in removing the general EEG noise. Compared with the traditional wavelet transform, Hilbert-Huang Transform for EEG de-noising has some advantages. Conclusion: Using HHT method for EEG signals denoising effective and doable.

  • Diffuse reflection and energy distribution of 633, 780, 850, and 940nm low power laser in brain and laser acupuncture for drug detoxification of 115 addicted patients

    When using low power laser in therapy and diagnostics, the knowledge about the relationship between laser wavelengths and the percentage of reflected energy in the interface air-tissue and the distribution of energy in tissue helps us to choose appropriate wavelengths. In this paper, we present some results obtained from the simulation of low power 633, 780, 850, and 940 nm laser in brain by Monte Carlo method, with the model of brain consisted of 3 mm scalp, 5 mm skull, 3 mm cerebral cortex & grey matter, and white matter. Based on these results, we fabricated devices called ldquolaser semiconductor optoacupuncture devicerdquo using 780 and 940 nm semiconductor lasers to treat some diseases such as cerebral palsy at children, and drug detoxification. In this paper we present the results of dug detoxification for 115 addicted patients using ldquolaser semiconductor optoacupuncture device".

  • Stimulus Feature Detection by Neurons in Somatosensory Areas I and II of Primates

    The responses of individual neurons in the cerebral cortex of unanesthetized macaques to moving cutaneous stimuli are described. In somatic sensory area I, 70 percent of the neurons studied exhibit a directional polarization to stimuli moving in opposite direction. In somatic sensory area II, the magnitude of responses is determined by more complex concatenations of stimulus properties, as regards direction of stimulus motion and site of stimulus application on the body.

  • Coordination dynamics in large-scale cortical networks

    Areas of the cerebral cortex are known to be organized in large-scale networks that perform distinct cognitive functions. We postulate that cognitive microstates are instantiated as states of coordination among areas in large- scale cortical networks, and seek to understand the dynamics of the formation and evolution of cortical coordination states during cognitive task performance. This approach may provide useful insights for formulating principles of interaction in the construction of artificial multi-modular associative memory networks.

  • Reduced functinal connetivity between mediodorsal thalamic nucleus and anterior cingulated cortex in absence epilepsy

    Thalamus and its interaction with cerebral cortex are considered essential in the generation and propagation of spike and wave discharge (SWD). Our objective is to evaluate the spontaneous functional connectivity between the thalamus and cerebral cortex in absence epilepsy. We use the resting-state fMRI to determine the whole brain functional connectivity with the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus (MDTN) in 14 healthy controls and 12 absence epilepsy patients within interictal duration without epileptic discharge. Cross- correlation functional connectivity analysis reveals significant functional connectivities between MDTN and bilateral basal ganglia, insula, orbital frontal cortex, medial prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulated cortex (ACC), hippocampus, and midbrain in controls. Functional connectivity between thalamus and ACC is significantly lower in patients when compared with controls. Our finding, avoided IED effects, may reflect a permanent abnormality between thalamus and ACC in absence epilepsy patients. The abnormality may be considered as a substrate of seizure generation in absence epilepsy. The finding of this pilot study might contribute to the further investigation of the epileptogenic networks of generalized epilepsy.

  • Depth-adaptive voxel size reconstruction for diffuse reflective optical tomography

    We study diffuse reflective optical tomography (DROT), aiming at the real-time imaging of the redox state change of the human cerebral cortex with the brain activity. In the uniform voxel size and simple regularization scheme we studied so far, the spatial resolution in the shallow region is unnecessarily good, whereas the noise and the sensitivity in the shallow region are too large to recover the signal in the depth. In this report, we present the result of the depth-adaptive voxel size reconstruction. By assigning wider lateral voxel size in the shallow range, the noise and the sensitivity in the shallow range is suppressed so that the signal in the deep range would be less masked by the presence of the unwanted target in the shallow range. We demonstrate the improvement of the 3-dimensional reconstructed image using the proposed depth-adaptive voxel size reconstruction.

  • Advanced neural implants using thin-film polymers

    BioMEMS devices can be designed to provide viable neural interfaces for long- term, high-density, two-way communication with selected areas of cerebral cortex. Prototype thin-film polymer implantable microelectrode arrays were developed to extend the microelectrode design space in several ways, including enhanced flexibility, engineered surfaces and coatings, and new types of microchannels. Prototype MEMS silicon microdevices were developed as microsurgical tools for reliably inserting the flexible polymer electrodes into the cerebral cortex. Hybrid polymer microdevices were also developed for neural recording and stimulation combined with micro-drug delivery.

  • Voice Separation Ability and Brain Activation Measurement Base on NIRS Analysis

    With the global problem of population aging, the measurement and analysis methods of cognitive ability are paid much attention to. The actual check methods of brain cognitive function mainly include physiological and psychological means. However, these methods have some disadvantages and do not adapt for aged people to self-detection and early-diagnosis at home. So we try to propose a new quantitative method to evaluate human's cognitive function conveniently, by an auditory voice separation ability test. Based on the voice separation experiments to prove the validity of this method, further measurement and analysis on cerebral cortex were made by a near-infrared spectroscopy system (NIRS). The change of oxygenated hemoglobin concentration was determined, and corresponding activated cerebral cortex areas and extent were confirmed primarily. Thus, we concluded that the voice separation process is related to brain cognitive function and can activate cerebral cortex especially in auditory cortex and pre-motor cortex efficiently. So it is possible to apply this method to cognitive function check and recovery system in future works.

  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the cerebral cortex

    Surgical resection of the epileptic focus is an effective treatment for otherwise uncontrollable epileptic seizures. Localization of cerebral function in the region of the epileptic focus is a mandatory part of the presurgical evaluation. Development of magnetic stimulation for evaluation of speech and memory is technically feasible and will lead to safer, more efficient, noninvasive evaluation of seizure surgery patients. Strategies for predicting an optimum excitation circuit and field configurations are discussed. The goal is to maximize the rate of change of the magnetic field for a minimum of 20 mu s while not exceeding reasonable power requirements. The induced field level must be repeated at 15-20 Hz to maintain constant brain stimulation during the period of the test.<<ETX>>

  • Improved magnetoencephalography source reconstruction considering anatomical connectivity of cortical sources

    In this paper, an improved magnetoencephalography (MEG) source reconstruction technique considering anatomical connectivity of cortical sources is proposed. The anatomical connectivity information was taken into account by calculating three-dimensional geodesic distance between neighboring sources, and then the resultant inverse solutions were compared with those of other cases:1)Inverse estimate without connectivity information; 2)Use of Euclidean distance instead of geodesic distance. The proposed technique was applied to realistic simulations for a real brain anatomy, and the results showed that estimated sources can be smoother and more accurate by using the anatomical connectivity information



Standards related to Cerebral cortex

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IEEE Standard for Safety Levels With Respect to Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, 0-3 kHz

Develop safety levels for human exposure to electromagnetic fields from 0 to 3kHz. This standard will be based on the results of an evaluation of the relevant scientific literature and proven effects which are well established and for which thresholds of reaction are understood. Field limits will be derived from threshold current densities or internal electric fields.



Jobs related to Cerebral cortex

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