Central nervous system

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The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system that integrates the information that it receives from, and coordinates the activity of, all parts of the bodies of bilaterian animals—that is, all multicellular animals except sponges and radially symmetric animals such as jellyfish. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Central nervous system

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2016 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invited sessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering. Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and poster sessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE.

  • 2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The conference will cover diverse topics ranging from biomedical engineering to healthcare technologies to medical and clinical applications. The conference program will consist of invited plenary lectures, symposia, workshops, invited sessions and oral and poster sessions of unsolicited contributions. All papers will be peer reviewed and accepted papers of up to 4 pages will appear in the Conference Proceedings and be indexed by IEEE Xplore and Medline/PubMed.

  • 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invited sessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering. Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and poster sessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE.

  • 2013 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society covers a broad spectrum of topics from biomedical engineering and physics to medical and clinical applications. The conference program will consist of invited plenary lectures, symposia, workshops, invited sessions, oral and poster sessions of unsolicited contributions. All papers will be peer reviewed and accepted papers of up to 4 pages will appear in the Conference Proceedings and be indexed by PubMed and EI. Prop

  • 2012 34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc

  • 2011 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc.

  • 2010 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc

  • 2009 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc

  • 2008 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The general theme of EMBC'08 is "Personalized Healthcare through Technology", covering a broad spectrum of topics from biomedical and clinical engineering and physics to medical and clinical applications. Transfer of research results from academia to industry will also be a focus of the conference.

  • 2007 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

  • 2006 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)


2014 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS)

The IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS) is the flagship conference of the IEEE Circuits and Systems Society and the world’s premier networking forum in the highly active fields of theory, design and implementation of circuits and systems.ISCAS 2014 will have a special focus on nano/bio circuits and systems applied to enhancing living and lifestyles, and seeks to address multidisciplinary challenges in healthcare and well-being, the environment and climate change.

  • 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS)

    The Symposium will focus on circuits and systems employing nanodevices (both extremely scaled CMOS and non-CMOS devices) and circuit fabrics (mixture of standard CMOS and evolving nano-structure elements) and their implementation cost, switching speed, energy efficiency, and reliability. The ISCAS 2010 will include oral and poster sessions; tutorials given by experts in state-of-the-art topics; and special sessions, with the aim of complementing the regular program with topics of particular interest to the community that cut across and beyond disciplines traditionally represented at ISCAS.

  • 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems - ISCAS 2012

    2012 International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS 2012) aims at providing the world's premier forum of leading researchers in circuits and systems areas from academia and industries, especially focusing on Convergence of BINET (BioInfoNanoEnviro Tech.) which represents IT, NT and ET and leading Human Life Revolutions. Prospective authors are invited to submit papers of their original works emphasizing contributions beyond the present state of the art. We also welcome proposals on special tuto

  • 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS) is the world's premier networking forum of leading researchers in the highly active fields of theory, design and implementation of circuits and systems.

  • 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems - ISCAS 2010

    ISCAS is a unique conference dealing with circuits and systems. It's the yearly "rendez-vous" of leading researchers, coming both from academia and industry, in the highly active fields of theory, design and implementation of circuits and systems. The Symposium will focus on circuits and systems for high quality life and consumer technologies, including mobile communications, advanced multimedia systems, sensor networks and Nano-Bio Circuit Fabrics and Systems.

  • 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems - ISCAS 2009

    Analog Signal Processing, Biomedical Circuits and Systems, Blind Signal Processing, Cellular Neural Networks and Array Computing, Circuits and Systems for Communications, Computer-Aided Network Design, Digital Signal Processing, Life-Science Systems and Applications, Multimedia Systems and Applications, Nanoelectronics and Gigascale Systems, Neural Systems and Applications, Nonlinear Circuits and Applications, Power Systems and Power Electronic Circuits, Sensory Systems, Visual Signal Processing and Communi

  • 2008 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems - ISCAS 2008

  • 2007 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems - ISCAS 2007

  • 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems - ISCAS 2006


2013 ICME International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering (CME)

The objective of CME 2013 is to provide a forum for researchers, educators,engineers, and government officials involved in the general areas of biomedical engineering to disseminate their latest research results and exchange views on the future research directions of these fields.

  • 2012 ICME International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering (CME)

    The aim of the conference is to bring together researchers, engineers and practitioners from diverse fields to stimulate future research and development of new theory, approaches, and tools in the field of Complex Medical Engineering.

  • 2012 ICME International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering (CME)

    The objective of CME 2012 is to provide a forum for researchers, educators,engineers, and government officials involved in the general areas of biomedical engineering to disseminate their latest research results and exchange views on the future research directions of these fields.

  • 2011 ICME International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering - CME 2011

    The objective of CME 2011 is to provide a forum for researchers, educators, engineers, and government officials involved in the general areas of biomedical engineering to disseminate their latest research results and exchange views on the future research directions of these fields.

  • 2010 ICME International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering - CME 2010

    TBD

  • 2009 ICME International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering - CME 2009

    The aim of CME 2009 is to bring together researchers and practitioners from diverse fields to promote scientific research and industrial development in the field of complex medical engineering. The conference will consist of workshops, special sessions, tutorials and keynote presentations from renowned experts.

  • 2007 IEEE/ICME International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering - CME 2007


2012 IEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics (BHI)

BHI devotes to an inter-disciplinary research area intersecting engineering, information technology and computer science with biology, medicine and health. The scope includes but not limited to innovative technologies and applications on acquisition, transmission, processing, storage, retrieval (P-STAR) of biomedical and health information, bio-inspired informatics and informatics in biological systems.


2010 3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Industrial Application (PACIIA)

PACIIA 2010 serves as a forum for researchers, industry professionals, and academics interested in the latest development and design of Computational Intelligence and Industrial Applications.

  • 2009 Asia-Pacific Conference on Computational Intelligence and Industrial Applications (PACIIA 2009)

    T-1 Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks T-2 GA and Evolutionary Computation T-3 Adaptation and Learning Systems T-4 Distributed Intelligent Systems T-5 Network Systems T-6 Intelligent Robotics T-7 Control Systems and Applications T-8 Signal & Image Processing T-9 Intelligent Human Interface T-10 Wireless and Mobile Networks in Industry T-11 Information Security in Industry T-12 Other Scientific Applications and Industrial Applications.



Periodicals related to Central nervous system

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Mechatronics, IEEE/ASME Transactions on

Synergetic integration of mechanical engineering with electronic and intelligent computer control in the design and manufacture of industrial products and processes. (4) (IEEE Guide for Authors) A primary purpose is to have an aarchival publication which will encompass both theory and practice. Papers will be published which disclose significant new knowledge needed to implement intelligent mechatronics systems, from analysis and ...


Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on

Microwave theory, techniques, and applications as they relate to components, devices, circuits, and systems involving the generation, transmission, and detection of microwaves.


Power and Energy Magazine, IEEE

This magazine is devoted to all aspects of the electric power field involving planning, design, construction, operation, maintenance, and control of power systems.



Most published Xplore authors for Central nervous system

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Xplore Articles related to Central nervous system

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Magnetic-Field-Induced ELF Currents in a Human Body by the Use of a GSM Phone

Sami Ilvonen; Jukka Sarvas IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 2007

A finite element method (FEM) with nonuniform mesh is employed for the calculation of extremely low frequency (ELF) currents induced in a human body by a global system for mobile communications (GSM) phone. The magnetic field of the phone is measured, and an equivalent source with magnetic dipoles is constructed for the numerical simulation. A cell of variable size is ...


Threshold-distance measures from electrical stimulation of human brainstem

R. V. Shannon; J. K. Moore; D. B. McCreery; F. Portillo IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering, 1997

Threshold current levels for electrical stimulation of a single human brainstem via an auditory prosthesis are compared with postmortem measures of the distance between the electrode and stimulated structures. The results compare well with the summary of threshold-distance measures from animal experiments compiled by J. Ranck (see Brain Res., vol. 98, p. 417-40, 1975). The correspondence between the human and ...


Calculation of breakdown voltages in Ar+SF<sub>6</sub> using an artificial neural network

S. S. Tezcan; M. S. Dincer; H. R. Hiziroglu CEIDP '05. 2005 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2005., 2005

An artificial neural network is proposed to predict the breakdown voltages in Ar+SF6 gas mixtures. The proposed neural network is designed with one hidden layer that includes twenty-five neurons. The output layer of the ANN consists of one neuron, which is essentially the predicted breakdown voltage. In order to train the ANN, the experimental data available for Ar+SF6 have been ...


Modulation in spinal circuits and corticospinal connections following nerve stimulation and operant conditioning

Aiko K. Thompson; Richard B. Stein; Xiang Yang Chen; Jonathan R. Wolpaw 2006 International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2006

Neural plasticity occurs throughout adult life. In healthy individuals, different spinal pathways are differently modulated during different daily activities. Drastic changes to nervous system activity and connections caused by injuries or diseases alter spinal reflexes, and this is often related to disturbed motor functions. In both health and disease, spinal reflexes are subject to substantial modifications. Plasticity in supraspinal descending ...


A high-yield IC-compatible multichannel recording array

K. Najafi; K. D. Wise; T. Mochizuki IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 1985

This paper reports the development of a multielectrode recording array for use in studies of information processing in the central nervous system and in the closed-loop control of neural prostheses. The probe utilizes a silicon supporting carrier which is defined using a deep boron diffusion and an anisotropic etch stop. This substrate supports an array of polysilicon or tantalum thin-film ...


More Xplore Articles

Educational Resources on Central nervous system

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eLearning

Magnetic-Field-Induced ELF Currents in a Human Body by the Use of a GSM Phone

Sami Ilvonen; Jukka Sarvas IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 2007

A finite element method (FEM) with nonuniform mesh is employed for the calculation of extremely low frequency (ELF) currents induced in a human body by a global system for mobile communications (GSM) phone. The magnetic field of the phone is measured, and an equivalent source with magnetic dipoles is constructed for the numerical simulation. A cell of variable size is ...


Threshold-distance measures from electrical stimulation of human brainstem

R. V. Shannon; J. K. Moore; D. B. McCreery; F. Portillo IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering, 1997

Threshold current levels for electrical stimulation of a single human brainstem via an auditory prosthesis are compared with postmortem measures of the distance between the electrode and stimulated structures. The results compare well with the summary of threshold-distance measures from animal experiments compiled by J. Ranck (see Brain Res., vol. 98, p. 417-40, 1975). The correspondence between the human and ...


Calculation of breakdown voltages in Ar+SF<sub>6</sub> using an artificial neural network

S. S. Tezcan; M. S. Dincer; H. R. Hiziroglu CEIDP '05. 2005 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2005., 2005

An artificial neural network is proposed to predict the breakdown voltages in Ar+SF6 gas mixtures. The proposed neural network is designed with one hidden layer that includes twenty-five neurons. The output layer of the ANN consists of one neuron, which is essentially the predicted breakdown voltage. In order to train the ANN, the experimental data available for Ar+SF6 have been ...


Modulation in spinal circuits and corticospinal connections following nerve stimulation and operant conditioning

Aiko K. Thompson; Richard B. Stein; Xiang Yang Chen; Jonathan R. Wolpaw 2006 International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2006

Neural plasticity occurs throughout adult life. In healthy individuals, different spinal pathways are differently modulated during different daily activities. Drastic changes to nervous system activity and connections caused by injuries or diseases alter spinal reflexes, and this is often related to disturbed motor functions. In both health and disease, spinal reflexes are subject to substantial modifications. Plasticity in supraspinal descending ...


A high-yield IC-compatible multichannel recording array

K. Najafi; K. D. Wise; T. Mochizuki IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 1985

This paper reports the development of a multielectrode recording array for use in studies of information processing in the central nervous system and in the closed-loop control of neural prostheses. The probe utilizes a silicon supporting carrier which is defined using a deep boron diffusion and an anisotropic etch stop. This substrate supports an array of polysilicon or tantalum thin-film ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Muscle Coordination, Motor Synergies, and Primitives from Surface EMG

    To investigate neural control strategies, muscle activity must be measured during motor behavior. Recent advances in the investigation of the neural control of movement have led to a re-examination of the mechanisms of sensorimotor integration in the central nervous system (CNS) and in the spinal circuitry in particular. This chapter considers different approaches used to uncover the modular organization of the motor output in human behaviors such as responding to postural perturbations, reaching with the arm, and locomotion, as well as its plasticity and flexibility in movement disorders. It also investigates the strategies that the CNS employs to coordinate the activation of many muscles start from electromyographic (EMG) signals recorded simultaneously from many muscles. Different muscle synergies models are used to decompose the EMG envelopes using appropriate factorization algorithms. The chapter further considers the spatiotemporal organization of the activity patterns of leg and trunk muscles during locomotion.

  • Development of a Testbed for Robotic Neuromuscular Controllers

    Current control approaches to robotic legged locomotion rely on centralized planning and tracking or motion pattern matching. Central control is not available to robotic assistive devices that integrate with humans, and matching predefined patterns severely limits user dexterity. By contrast, biological systems show substantial legged dexterity even when their central nervous system is severed from their spinal cord, indicating that neuromuscular feedback controls can be harnessed to encode stability, adaptability, and maneuverability into legged systems. Here we present the initial steps to develop a robotic gait testbed that can implement and verify neuromuscular controls for robotic assistive devices. The initial stage consists of an antagonistically actuated two segment leg with a floating compliant joint. We detail its electromechanical design and low level, velocity-based torque control. Additionally, we present experiments that test the leg's performance during human-like high fidelity motions. The results show that the robot can track fast motions corresponding to 87% of the maximum performance limit of human muscle. The experiments also reveal limitations of our current implementation and we discuss solutions to overcoming them.

  • Operational Aspects of Some Fundamental Concepts of Human Communication

    This chapter contains sections titled: The Subjective Aspect, The Operational Effect of Information, The Central Nervous System, The Physical Representation of the Perceived World, Meaning, Relevance, The Communication Process, Conclusion, Postscript

  • Functional Electrical Therapy of Upper Extremities

    This chapter describes functional electrical therapy (FET) systems that relate to the methods used in recovery of upper limb functioning in humans with a sensory -  motor lesion in the central nervous system (CNS) that impacts reaching and grasping. FET functionally assists the user while the sensory feedback associated with the performance of the activities contributes to the relearning process of the brain. This functional sensory feedback should be maximized both in intensity and duration and should not be limited to short clinical training sessions. During the therapy period, a FET system can be provided to each stroke patient for use during his or her daily activities, thus resulting in intensive training. FET allows patients to train performing functional movements and learn new strategies of optimal use of preserved sensory - motor mechanism. This training could be understood as the process of recalibration of the natural control system.

  • Operant Conditioning of Spinal Reflexes for Motor Rehabilitation after CNS Damage

    Spinal reflex behaviors can be changed through operant conditioning, in which modification of a behavior is brought about by the consequence of that behavior. Spinal reflex conditioning can be used to change a spinal reflex pathway so as to ameliorate movement disabilities due to central nervous system (CNS) damage. This chapter demonstrates that operant conditioning can increase or decrease the soleus H-reflex in neurologically intact people, and investigates whether down-conditioning can reduce abnormal soleus H-reflex excitability in people with incomplete SCI and can thereby alleviate spastic gait. Finally, operant conditioning protocols that focus on modifying EEG activity over sensorimotor cortex might conceivably provide an additional approach to improving cortical control of motor function.

  • Diseases and Injuries of the Central Nervous System Leading to Sensory-Motor Impairment

    Damage to the central and peripheral nervous systems is associated with a loss of motor drive and a defective afferent input to the central nervous system (CNS). This chapter starts with a presentation of neuron injury. The injuries are categorized based on the extent and type of damage to the nerve and the surrounding connective tissue. The chapter addresses sensory - motor deficits that are caused by neuron injury or disease: (a) cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or stroke, which causes impairments due to changes in blood supply to the brain; (b) spinal cord injuries (SCIs), which result in total or partial obstruction of flow of both sensory and motor information between the peripheral and central nervous systems; (c) nontraumatic disorders of the CNS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and multiple sclerosis); and (d) cerebral palsy (CP). Finally, the chapter presents the incidence of CNS diseases.

  • Surface EMG Applications in Neurology

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Central Nervous System Disorders and SEMG Compound Muscle Action Potential and Motor Nerve Conduction CMAP Generation Clinical Applications Pathological Fatigue New Avenues: High-Density Multichannel Recording Conclusion References

  • The Challenge of Information Balance in the Age of Affluent Communication

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Quantitative Aspects of Information Overload Qualitative Aspects of Information Overload Conclusion A Call for Fundamental Research References Xerox Takes on Information Overload Identifying the Problem Sharing Information Sorting Information Cutting Through the Clutter Life-Saving Software Urban Central Nervous System

  • Neural Control of Movement

    This chapter contains sections titled: 2.1 Bioelectric Signal Transmission in the Nervous System, 2.2 Information Processing in the Nervous System, 2.3 Peripheral Sensory Receptors, 2.4 Functional Control of Movement by the Central Nervous System, 2.5 Summary

  • No title

    Combating neural degeneration from injury or disease is extremely difficult in the brain and spinal cord, i.e. central nervous system (CNS). Unlike the peripheral nerves, CNS neurons are bombarded by physical and chemical restrictions that prevent proper healing and restoration of function. The CNS is vital to bodily function, and loss of any part of it can severely and permanently alter a person's quality of life. Tissue engineering could offer much needed solutions to regenerate or replace damaged CNS tissue. This review will discuss current CNS tissue engineering approaches integrating scaffolds, cells and stimulation techniques. Hydrogels are commonly used CNS tissue engineering scaffolds to stimulate and enhance regeneration, but fiber meshes and other porous structures show specific utility depending on application. CNS relevant cell sources have focused on implantation of exogenous cells or stimulation of endogenous populations. Somatic cells of the CNS are rarely utilized for tissue engineering; however, glial cells of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) may be used to myelinate and protect spinal cord damage. Pluripotent and multipotent stem cells offer alternative cell sources due to continuing advancements in identification and differentiation of these cells. Finally, physical, chemical, and electrical guidance cues are extremely important to neural cells, serving important roles in development and adulthood. These guidance cues are being integrated into tissue engineering approaches. Of particular interest is the inclusion of cues to guide stem cells to differentiate into CNS cell types, as well to guide neuron targeting. This review should provide the reader with a broad understanding of CNS tissue engineering challenges and tactics, with the goal of fostering the future development of biologically inspired designs. Table of Contents: Introduction / Anatomy of the CNS and Progression of Neurological Damage / Biomaterials for Scaffold Preparation / Cel Sources for CNS TE / Stimulation and Guidance / Concluding Remarks



Standards related to Central nervous system

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