Antarctica

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Antarctica Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent, encapsulating the South Pole. It is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Antarctica

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2020 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC)

The Conference focuses on all aspects of instrumentation and measurement science andtechnology research development and applications. The list of program topics includes but isnot limited to: Measurement Science & Education, Measurement Systems, Measurement DataAcquisition, Measurements of Physical Quantities, and Measurement Applications.


Oceans 2020 MTS/IEEE GULF COAST

To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.

  • OCEANS 2018 MTS/IEEE Charleston

    Ocean, coastal, and atmospheric science and technology advances and applications

  • OCEANS 2017 - Anchorage

    Papers on ocean technology, exhibits from ocean equipment and service suppliers, student posters and student poster competition, tutorials on ocean technology, workshops and town meetings on policy and governmental process.

  • OCEANS 2016

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 500 technical papers and 150 -200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2015

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2014

    The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2013

    Three days of 8-10 tracks of technical sessions (400-450 papers) and concurent exhibition (150-250 exhibitors)

  • OCEANS 2012

    Ocean related technology. Tutorials and three days of technical sessions and exhibits. 8-12 parallel technical tracks.

  • OCEANS 2011

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2010

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2009

  • OCEANS 2008

    The Marine Technology Society (MTS) and the Oceanic Engineering Society (OES) of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) cosponsor a joint conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, education, and policy. Held annually in the fall, it has become a focal point for the ocean and marine community to meet, learn, and exhibit products and services. The conference includes technical sessions, workshops, student poster sessions, job fairs, tutorials and a large exhibit.

  • OCEANS 2007

  • OCEANS 2006

  • OCEANS 2005

  • OCEANS 2004

  • OCEANS 2003

  • OCEANS 2002

  • OCEANS 2001

  • OCEANS 2000

  • OCEANS '99

  • OCEANS '98

  • OCEANS '97

  • OCEANS '96


2019 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (SMC)

2019 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC2019) will be held in the south of Europe in Bari, one of the most beautiful and historical cities in Italy. The Bari region’s nickname is “Little California” for its nice weather and Bari's cuisine is one of Italian most traditional , based of local seafood and olive oil. SMC2019 is the flagship conference of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society. It provides an international forum for researchers and practitioners to report up-to-the-minute innovations and developments, summarize state­of-the-art, and exchange ideas and advances in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems and cybernetics. Advances have importance in the creation of intelligent environments involving technologies interacting with humans to provide an enriching experience, and thereby improve quality of life.


2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)

International Geosicence and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) is the annual conference sponsored by the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society (IEEE GRSS), which is also the flagship event of the society. The topics of IGARSS cover a wide variety of the research on the theory, techniques, and applications of remote sensing in geoscience, which includes: the fundamentals of the interactions electromagnetic waves with environment and target to be observed; the techniques and implementation of remote sensing for imaging and sounding; the analysis, processing and information technology of remote sensing data; the applications of remote sensing in different aspects of earth science; the missions and projects of earth observation satellites and airborne and ground based campaigns. The theme of IGARSS 2019 is “Enviroment and Disasters”, and some emphases will be given on related special topics.


2019 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC)

This conference is the annual premier meeting on the use of instrumentation in the Nuclear and Medical fields. The meeting has a very long history of providing an exciting venue for scientists to present their latest advances, exchange ideas, renew existing collaboration and form new ones. The NSS portion of the conference is an ideal forum for scientists and engineers in the field of Nuclear Science, radiation instrumentation, software engineering and data acquisition. The MIC is one of the most informative venues on the state-of-the art use of physics, engineering, and mathematics in Nuclear Medicine and related imaging modalities, such as CT and increasingly so MRI, through the development of hybrid devices


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Periodicals related to Antarctica

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Communications Magazine, IEEE

IEEE Communications Magazine was the number three most-cited journal in telecommunications and the number eighteen cited journal in electrical and electronics engineering in 2004, according to the annual Journal Citation Report (2004 edition) published by the Institute for Scientific Information. Read more at http://www.ieee.org/products/citations.html. This magazine covers all areas of communications such as lightwave telecommunications, high-speed data communications, personal communications ...


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Most published Xplore authors for Antarctica

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Xplore Articles related to Antarctica

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Distinctive characteristics of glacial ice in the PR-GR scatter plots of AMSR-E NASA Team2 sea ice algorithm

2011 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2011

Sea ice concentration (SIC) calculated from the AMSR-E by using NASA Team2 (NT2) algorithm has proven to be very accurate over sea ice in Antarctic Ocean. When glacial ice such as icebergs and ice shelves are dominant in an AMSR-E footprint, the accuracy of NT2 algorithm is not well maintained. We extracted the concentrations of sea ice and glacial ice ...


Coherent Radar Contour Mapping Of Ice Stream Thickness

12th Canadian Symposium on Remote Sensing Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium,, 1989

None


Study of arctic and antarctic ice dynamics and wind field by using Formosat-2 satellite data

2007 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2007

The sea ice in polar region has been shrunk and thinned considerably with the rampant global temperature during the last few decades. It has already shown dramatic effects on regional water balance, ocean circulation and global climate. Nowadays, an extensive investigation and understanding of the environmental change in polar region becomes a crucial task. However, difficulties resulting from transportation, extreme ...


Microwave and thermal infrared emission from young sea ice and pancake ice

IGARSS '96. 1996 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 1996

The goals of this study are to observe the development of multifreqency microwave emissivity (e) of new and young sea ice grown under dynamic conditions, and to investigate the effects of ice growth and structural changes on its microwave signature. In particular, the authors are interested in three ice types, whose signatures are particularly difficult to investigate under normal field ...


Unusual observation of chorus at L=2.6

2011 XXXth URSI General Assembly and Scientific Symposium, 2011

On the 4thAugust 2010, Very Low Frequency (VLF) chorus was observed on Marion Island (L = 2.6). This is a very unusual occurrence as chorus is thought to be generated outside the plasmapause, which would only extend to such low L during periods of severe geomagnetic activity. A similar event was observed at Palmer Station, Antarctica (L = 2.44) during ...


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Educational Resources on Antarctica

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Distinctive characteristics of glacial ice in the PR-GR scatter plots of AMSR-E NASA Team2 sea ice algorithm

    Sea ice concentration (SIC) calculated from the AMSR-E by using NASA Team2 (NT2) algorithm has proven to be very accurate over sea ice in Antarctic Ocean. When glacial ice such as icebergs and ice shelves are dominant in an AMSR-E footprint, the accuracy of NT2 algorithm is not well maintained. We extracted the concentrations of sea ice and glacial ice from two ENVISAT ASAR images of southern Antarctica, and compared them with NT2 SIC. The result showed that the NT2 algorithm underestimates the concentration of glacial ice. We also found that glacial ice occupies a unique region in the PR (polarization ratio), GR (spectral gradient ratio), PRR (rotated PR), and ΔGR domain different from other types of ice such as ice type A, B, and C, and open water. This implies that glacial ice concentration can be added as a new category of ice to the NT2 algorithm.

  • Coherent Radar Contour Mapping Of Ice Stream Thickness

    None

  • Study of arctic and antarctic ice dynamics and wind field by using Formosat-2 satellite data

    The sea ice in polar region has been shrunk and thinned considerably with the rampant global temperature during the last few decades. It has already shown dramatic effects on regional water balance, ocean circulation and global climate. Nowadays, an extensive investigation and understanding of the environmental change in polar region becomes a crucial task. However, difficulties resulting from transportation, extreme weather, and seasonal cycle, as well as the lack of satellite coverage make the polar research extremely challenging. Successful launch of FORMOSAT-2 satellite by National Space Organization, Taiwan (NSPO) in 2006 is supposed to resolve the limitation of polar observation by providing daily high resolution images (8 m MS and 2 m Panchromatic) near two poles. This paper presents preliminary findings from time-series FORMOSAT-2 images over the Arctic sea and Amundsen- Scott South Pole Station. Results indicate that wind erosion and ocean circulation shear force may take part in shaping the Arctic ice. In addition, the wind field over the Antarctic may be estimated.

  • Microwave and thermal infrared emission from young sea ice and pancake ice

    The goals of this study are to observe the development of multifreqency microwave emissivity (e) of new and young sea ice grown under dynamic conditions, and to investigate the effects of ice growth and structural changes on its microwave signature. In particular, the authors are interested in three ice types, whose signatures are particularly difficult to investigate under normal field conditions. Unconsolidated frazil ice and pancake ice, which occur when ice forms in a wave field under stormy conditions, are found in abundance in the marginal ice zones of the Arctic and Antarctic sea ice packs. They make up a significant portion of the area covered by the new and young ice. Because new and young ice types are weaker than the surrounding thick ice and fracture first under conditions of high ice stress, a large percentage of the ridged ice consists of thin saline ice. As the ridges evolve, brine drains out of the elevated parts causing substantial changes in the permittivity distribution which can affect their microwave emissivities. Previous studies have shown that the microwave signatures of these ice types appear to be distinct in several respects, but the data from these experiments are sparse and the uncertainties are still relatively large. The differences between the microwave signatures of these ice types and those of first-year (FY) ice types grown under relatively calm conditions are important for interpreting satellite derived ice concentrations and ice type distributions. This paper presents the results of the author's latest studies of the microwave emissivities of these ice types.

  • Unusual observation of chorus at L=2.6

    On the 4thAugust 2010, Very Low Frequency (VLF) chorus was observed on Marion Island (L = 2.6). This is a very unusual occurrence as chorus is thought to be generated outside the plasmapause, which would only extend to such low L during periods of severe geomagnetic activity. A similar event was observed at Palmer Station, Antarctica (L = 2.44) during the Halloween storms of 2003. The 2003 event had a minimum Dst of around -350nT, while the 2010 event occurred after a significantly smaller storm (Dst ~ -70nT). A further difference is that the 2003 event occurred during solar maximum, while the 2010 event occurred during a period where the Sun had been unusually inactive. The spatial extent of the 2010 event is discussed, and data from a broadband VLF ground receiver is presented. Empirical plasmapause location models reveal that Marion Island was just within the plasmasphere at the time of the event. Preliminary analysis of low resolution VLF data from another high latitude station shows that a similar emission was observed at that site, but at a slightly later universal time, which indicates that the generation region was moving. This movement is likely linked to the eastward drift of electrons, and also possibly to the plasmapause relaxing to its quiet time position.

  • Investigating the role of the southern ocean on global climate change

    The Southern Ocean (SO) is an important contributor in determining how the Earth's climate is changing. The SO plays a major role in global ocean circulation, a system of surface and deep currents, linking all oceans and one of the fundamental determinants of the Earth's climate. Despite the recent increase in our understanding of the SO system, there is still uncertainty in the fluxes and transport of fresh and salt water within this region. Additionally, waters at mid-depth in the SO have increased in temperature at a faster rate than the average rate for the entire global ocean. In this study we used Sea surface salinity (SSS) derived from the NASA's Aquarius/SAC-D salinity mission to estimate surface salt fluxes. Depth-integrated salt and volume transports will be estimated using Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) reanalysis. The upper 2000m of the Southern Ocean has noted the most intensified change in temperature and salinity. Additional analysis with SODA reanalysis showed the changing transports at each of the basin's boundaries, increasing meridional magnitude and decreasing in zonal. Transports are important as the relationship to movement of salt, heat, gases, etc., and can be used to suggest the intensification of the water cycle.

  • Alaskan Glaciology from Space

    Global totals of ice area and volume for mountain glaciers are small compared to the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets, however, their present contribution to sea level rise (SLR) is on par with the ice sheets. Alaska Glaciers provide the largest contribution of all mountain glaciers to SLR. We discuss the use of spaceborne remote sensing techniques to study Alaska glacier contributions to sea level and suspected changes in ice velocity. Direct calculation of ice volume changes and rates of change on Kenai Peninsula glaciers are based on differences in USGS and SRTM DEMs and airborne Lidar profiles. A preliminary study of ice velocities on the Seward Glacier using L-band InSAR from PALSAR is presented.

  • Multi-frequency microwave emission of the East Antarctic Plateau

    In recent years there is growing interest, on the part of the remote sensing community, in using the Antarctic area for calibrating and validating data of the low-frequency satellite-borne microwave radiometers. In particular, the East Antarctic Plateau appears to be suited for this purpose. The reason of this interest lies in the size, structure, spatial homogeneity and thermal stability of this area. This is particularly interesting for low-frequency microwave radiometers since, due to the low extinction of dry snow, the upper ice sheet layer is almost transparent and the brightness temperature variability is therefore extremely small. In preparation for the November 2009 launch of the ESA's SMOS satellite, an experiment called DOMEX, which included radiometric L-band measurements was started in the Austral summer 2009. Data acquired in the campaign confirmed the temporal stability of the site. Comparison between ground and satellite data at L-band are also presented here. Moreover multi-frequency analysis of data collected over this area is performed by using SMOS and AMSR-E data.

  • Antarctica and law of the sea: New resources vs. legal dilemmas

    The contemporary legal status of Antarctica could soon become a polemical political issue due to the considerable natural resource wealth believed available there for exploitation. This paper examines those legal implications for Antarctica and the Southern Ocean which stem from the 1959 Antarctic Treaty vis-à-vis the emergent law for the sea as embodied in the 1982 UNCLOS III Convention.

  • Climatological features of the maximum electron density of the ionospheric F2 layer (NmF2) in polar regions

    Climatological features of NmF2 are investigated and compared using long-term observations among the Arctic and Antarctic stations of Tromso (69.6N, 19.2E; CGM:66.7N, 102.2E), Longyearbyen (78.2N, 16.0E; CGM: 75.4N, 110.7E) and Zhongshan (69.4S, 76.4E; CGM:74.7S, 96.9E). Interesting results are presented as follows: The maximum value of NmF2 mainly occurs at local noon (LN) at the auroral latitude station Tromso, but at magnetic noon (MN) at the cusp latitude station Longyearbyen and between local noon and magnetic noon at Zhongshan. There is another peak just before magnetic midnight at Longyearbyen in winter during solar maximum years. An enhancement of NmF2 is also detected during 21-01 UT in winter at Tromso. There are semi-annual anomaly at Tromso and normal variability at both Longyerabyen and Zhongshan during solar minimum years. During solar maximum years there is semi-annual anomaly for all three stations. The winter anomaly is evident at Tromso and Zhongshan, but does not exist at Longyearbyen. It is demonstrated that in addition to the solar radiation the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling processes, such as particle precipitation and plasma convection, play a significant role in the high latitude ionosphere.



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