Atmosphere

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An atmosphere (New Latin atmosphaera, created in the 17th century from Greek ἀτμός "vapor" and σφαῖρα "sphere") is a layer of gases that may surround a material body of sufficient mass,and that is held in place by the gravity of the body. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Atmosphere

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2019 20th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems & Eurosensors XXXIII (TRANSDUCERS & EUROSENSORS XXXIII)

The world's premiere conference in MEMS sensors, actuators and integrated micro and nano systems welcomes you to attend this four-day event showcasing major technological, scientific and commercial breakthroughs in mechanical, optical, chemical and biological devices and systems using micro and nanotechnology.The major areas of activity in the development of Transducers solicited and expected at this conference include but are not limited to: Bio, Medical, Chemical, and Micro Total Analysis Systems Fabrication and Packaging Mechanical and Physical Sensors Materials and Characterization Design, Simulation and Theory Actuators Optical MEMS RF MEMS Nanotechnology Energy and Power


2018 13th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA)

Industrial Informatics, Computational Intelligence, Control and Systems, Cyber-physicalSystems, Energy and Environment, Mechatronics, Power Electronics, Signal and InformationProcessing, Network and Communication Technologies


2018 17th IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm)

The ITherm Conference series is the leading international venue for scientific and engineering exploration ofthermal, thermomechanical, and emerging technology issues associated with electronic devices, packages, and systems.


2018 43rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz2018)

Covering terahertz, far infrared and millimeter wave science, technology and applications


2018 48th European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

The Premier European event for the disemination of knowledge about Microwave Technology.The event caters for the seasoned industrial engineer as well as the graduate student. Sessionsand workshops are held on the full range of microwave technology from field theory, throughcomponents and subsystems to systems.

  • 2017 47th European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

    The Premier European event for the disemination of knowledge about Microwave Technology.The event caters for the seasoned industrial engineer as well as the graduate student. Sessions and workshops are held on the full range of microwave technology from field theory, through components and subsystems to systems.

  • 2016 46th European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

    The Premier European event for the disemination of knowledge about Microwave Technology. The event caters for the seasoned industrial engineer as well as the graduate student. Sessions and workshops are held on the full range of microwave technology from field theory, through components and subsystems to systems.

  • 2015 European Microwave Conference (EuMC 2015)

    The 45th European Microwave Conference (EuMC) represents the main event in the European Microwave Week 2015, the largest event in Europe dedicated to microwave components, systems and technology. It is the premier event to present the current status and future trends in the field of microwave, millimeter-wave and terahertz systems and technologies. A broad range of high frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits, systems and applications will be addressed in all their aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement.The European Microwave Conference provides many opportunities of networking and interaction with international experts in a wide variety of specialties, attracting delegates with academic as well as industrial backgrounds. In addition to scientific papers, contributions on industrial applications are also encouraged, covering the fields of instrumentation, medical, telecommunication, radar, space, automotive and defense systems.

  • 2014 44th European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

    EuMC is the premier European conference in the microwave field, which represent the ideal venue for prospective authors to present the status and trends in microwave and millimetre-wave systems and frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits, systems their aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement including passive components, design of high frequency and high data rate photonics, highly stable and noiseless microwave wave sources, new linearisation techniques and the impact of new packaging technologies.

  • 2013 European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

    Status and trends in microwave and millimetre -wave systems and technologies. High-frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits, systems and applications in alltheir aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement including passive components, modelling and design of high frequency and high data rate photonics, highly stable and noiseless microwave and millimetre-wave sources, new linearisation techniques and the impact of new packaging technologies on development

  • 2012 European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

    Microwave and millimeter wave: active/passive devices, antennas, electromagnetics, bio-interaction, circuits, manufacturing and measurement, MEMS, meta-materials, sensor networks, cognitive radio, 4G communications, space technology and applications.

  • 2011 European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

    Status and trends in microwave and millimetre-wave systems and technologies. High-frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits, systems and applications in all their aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement including passive components, modelling and design of high frequency and high data rate photonics, highly stable and noiseless microwave and millimetre-wave sources, new linearisation techniques and the impact of new packaging technologies on development app

  • 2010 European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

    The European Microwave Conference is the premier forum for presentation of the present status and future trends in the field of microwave, millimetre- and submillimetre-wave systems and technologies.

  • 2009 European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

    The 39th European Microwave Conference (EuMC), is the core of the European Microwave Week 2009, the largest event in Europe dedicated to microwave electronics. It is the premier forum to present the actual status and future trends in the field of materials and technologies to integrated circuits, systems and applications will be addressed in all their aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement.

  • 2008 European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

    The 38th European Microwave Conference (EuMC) in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, from 27 to 31 October, is the core of the European Microwave Week 2008, the largest event in Europe dedicated to microwave electronics. It is the premier forum to present the actual status and future trends in the field of materials and technologies to integrated circuits, systems and applications will be addressed in all their aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement.

  • 2007 European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

    Status and trends in microwave and millimetre-wave systems and technologies. High-frequency related topics, from materials and technologies to integrated circuits, systems and applications in all their aspects: theory, simulation, design and measurement including passive components, modelling and design of high frequency and high data rate photonics, highly stable and noiseless microwave and millimetre-wave sources, new linearisation techniques and the impact of new packaging.

  • 2006 European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

  • 2005 European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

  • 2004 European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

  • 2003 European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

  • 1998 28th European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

  • 1997 27th European Microwave Conference (EuMC)


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Periodicals related to Atmosphere

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on

The theory, design and application of Control Systems. It shall encompass components, and the integration of these components, as are necessary for the construction of such systems. The word `systems' as used herein shall be interpreted to include physical, biological, organizational and other entities and combinations thereof, which can be represented through a mathematical symbolism. The Field of Interest: shall ...


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Xplore Articles related to Atmosphere

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Development of submillimeter limb sounder technology-results of breadboarding

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Satellite Syst. Div., Daimler-Benz Aerosp. AG, Munich, Germany', u'full_name': u'U. R. Kraft'}] Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 1995. IGARSS '95. 'Quantitative Remote Sensing for Science and Applications', International, None

In order to support the realisation of a submillimeter limb sounder instrument for a monitoring of the middle atmosphere, the European Space Agency (ESA) runs a program for the development of critical instrument technologies. Breadboarding results from this program, covering a 600 GHz heterodyne receiver, spectrometers for wide band and high resolution spectral analysis as well as waveguide components for ...


Evaluation and control method of organic contamination on wafer surfaces

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Process Technol. Center, Tokyo Electron. Inc., Yamanashi, Japan', u'full_name': u'M. Saito'}] Proceedings of International Symposium on Semiconductor Manufacturing, None

Organic contamination on wafers can be reduced by at least 50% by storing the wafers in a local space isolated from the clean room atmosphere. However, some components of the local space might cause wafer contamination due to degassing. It is thus necessary to select components with less degassing and to adopt a suitable method for component evaluation. A component ...


Transparent conducting ZnO:Al films via CCVD for amorphous silicon solar cells

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'MicroCoating Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA', u'full_name': u'Z. Zhao'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'MicroCoating Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA', u'full_name': u'M. Vinson'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'MicroCoating Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA', u'full_name': u'T. Neumuller'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'MicroCoating Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA', u'full_name': u'J. E. McEntyre'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'MicroCoating Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA', u'full_name': u'F. Fortunato'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'MicroCoating Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA', u'full_name': u'A. T. Hunt'}, {u'author_order': 7, u'full_name': u'G. Ganguly'}] Conference Record of the Twenty-Ninth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2002., None

Highly transparent conducting ZnO:Al films have been fabricated using the Combustion Chemical Vapor Deposition (CCVD) process. CCVD is an open atmosphere process and uses inexpensive precursors to produce thin films, which enables large-area deposition with high throughput at low cost. Structural, electrical, and optical properties of the films were characterized. Synthesized ZnO:Al films showed polycrystalline structure with a [002] textured ...


The impact of gas recombining catalysts on VRLA cells

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'C&D Technol. Inc., Conshohocken, PA, USA', u'full_name': u'S. S. Miun'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'S. L. Mraz'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'M. Noveske'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'full_name': u'L. S. Holden'}] Fourteenth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances. Proceedings of the Conference (Cat. No.99TH8371), None

The influence of an internal catalyst on gassing rates, positive and negative polarizations, and float currents on VRLA batteries is discussed. Comparisons are made with control cells without catalyst. Questions concerning the impact of an internal catalyst on battery life and its long term stability are also addressed


Effects of emotional synchronization in human-robot KANSEI communications

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Shinshu University, Japan', u'full_name': u'Minoru Hashimoto'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Shinshu University, Japan', u'full_name': u'Misaki Yamano'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Okamura Corporation, Japan', u'full_name': u'Tatsuya Usui'}] RO-MAN 2009 - The 18th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, None

Human-robot communication is an important subject for housekeeping, elderly care and entertainment robots. To make a natural communication entrainment between human and robot, emotion plays a vital role. From this view point we have developed a KANSEI communication system based on emotional synchronization. The robotic emotion was entrained to human emotion by using a vector field of dynamics, and then ...


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Educational Resources on Atmosphere

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eLearning

No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Atmosphere"

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Loss and Fading Associated with Troposphere Propagation Phenomena

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Influence of Refraction on Propagation in the Troposphere Terrain Diffraction Losses: Fresnel Zones Vegetation Attenuation Atmospheric Gas and Vapor Absorption Hydrometeors Reflection Distortion due to Propagation Effects Bibliography

  • Spectrum and Propagation

    **Presents the concepts, technology, and role of satellite systems in support of personal applications, such as mobile and broadband communications, navigation, television, radio and multimedia broadcasting, safety of life services, etc.** This book presents a novel perspective on satellite systems, reflecting the modern personal technology context, and hence a focus on the individual as end-user. The book begins by outlining key generic concepts before discussing techniques adopted in particular application areas; next, it exemplifies these techniques through discussion of state-of-art current and emerging satellite systems. The book concludes by contemplating the likely evolution of these systems, taking into consideration influences and trends in technology, in conjunction with growing user expectations. In addition to addressing satellite systems that directly interact with personal devices, the book additionally considers those indirect applications where there is an increasing interest by individuals - notably, in remote sensing. As such, the book uniquely encompasses the entire gamut of satellite- enabled personal / end-user applications. _Key Features:_ * Broad scope - views satellite systems generically with regards to their applicability across a wide range of personal application areas * Strong foundation in underlying concepts * State-of-the-art system examples * Review of trends in relevant areas of satellite technology * Revision questions at the end of each chapter The book is suited to individuals, engineers, scientists, service providers, system operators, application developers and managers interested or involved in the use of satellite technology for personal applications. It should also hold interest for use in research institutes interested in promoting inter- disciplinary cross-fertilization of ideas, as well as by financiers, policy makers, and strategists interested n gaining a better understanding of this technology.

  • Introduction

    Chapter 1 introduces overall scope of this book with minimum knowledge required to understand this book and historical background of single event researches in terrestrial fields. Five drastic paradigm shifts in the research history are described. Structure of this book is introduced.

  • Overview on HAPS

    This chapter contains sections titled: HAPS System Concepts Radio Regulations for HAPS Applications and Services HAPS Networks Terrestrial, Satellite and Stratospheric Communication Systems: A Comparison Survey of the Evolution and State‐of‐the‐Art of HAPS in the World References

  • Parabolic Equation Method

    Parabolic equation method (PEM) represents one-way propagation and is widely used in two-dimensional (2D) radio wave/ground wave propagation modeling. It takes the earth's curvature, atmospheric refractivity variations, nonflat terrain scattering, and boundary losses into account. This chapter reviews both split-step PE (SSPE)- and finite element method (FEM)-based numerical solution approaches and introduces MATLAB-based simple routines. Canonical test cases are presented and systematic comparisons between the SSPE and FEMPE methods are made, followed by calibration of both the SSPE and FEMPE tools against analytical exact (reference) solutions. Finally, the chapter introduces several simple MATLAB scripts in 2D propagation modeling.

  • ATMOSPHERIC PROPAGATION

    Communication links that propagate through the atmosphere encounter a number of effects that distort the received signal making detection and parameter estimation difficult and prone to errors. This chapter examines the impact of multipath reflections from a smooth Earth followed by a case study and discusses signal refraction in the troposphere and ionosphere and diffraction from irregular surfaces with examples of irregular terrain and urban propagation losses. The geometry for determining the propagation paths for line of sight (LOS) and multipath rays has been modeled under various simplifying assumptions involving a flat‐Earth approximation and a spherical Earth with receivers at sufficiently long ranges. The propagation loss through the troposphere and over terrain modeled by Longley and Rice and the irregular terrain model (ITM) simulation program is used to evaluate the losses under a variety of user specified conditions. Land mobile communications through a satellite must consider the loss from the terrain surrounding the mobile location.

  • Aeronautics and Energetics

    In this book, the authors provide a thorough overview of the state of the art in high-altitude platform (HAP) enabling technologies, addressing recent research activities and results. In addition, the book explores the enabling technologies and economics of HAP-based communication systems, including issues related to aeronautics, applications and business modelling, as well as future trends. Furthermore, the authors discuss broadband wireless communications from HAPs, the operating environment, and advanced communication techniques for efficient radio link resource management. Similarly, the authors complement radio frequency (RF) dominated issues with free space optical communications in the HAP operating environment, focusing on physical and networking layers. Finally, the book addresses the multiple HAP constellations planning procedure and discusses the networking implications of using multiple HAPs. **Key Features:** * Focuses on placing HAPs in the perspective o current and future broadband wireless communication systems * Offers an overview of the constraints affecting HAP-based broadband communications * Provides a thorough overview and state of the art of the HAP enabling technologies, including recent research activities and future directions * Examines the operating environment, advanced communication techniques for efficient radio link resource management, and suitable antennas * Addresses multiplatform constellations, presenting the multiple HAP constellation planning procedure and discussing the networking implications of using multiple HAPs This book will be of valuable interest to researchers and practitioners in the areas of wireless communications, satellite communications and high-altitude platforms, and development engineers involved in the design and development of HAP systems.

  • FSO in HAP‐Based Communication Systems

    In this book, the authors provide a thorough overview of the state of the art in high-altitude platform (HAP) enabling technologies, addressing recent research activities and results. In addition, the book explores the enabling technologies and economics of HAP-based communication systems, including issues related to aeronautics, applications and business modelling, as well as future trends. Furthermore, the authors discuss broadband wireless communications from HAPs, the operating environment, and advanced communication techniques for efficient radio link resource management. Similarly, the authors complement radio frequency (RF) dominated issues with free space optical communications in the HAP operating environment, focusing on physical and networking layers. Finally, the book addresses the multiple HAP constellations planning procedure and discusses the networking implications of using multiple HAPs. **Key Features:** * Focuses on placing HAPs in the perspective o current and future broadband wireless communication systems * Offers an overview of the constraints affecting HAP-based broadband communications * Provides a thorough overview and state of the art of the HAP enabling technologies, including recent research activities and future directions * Examines the operating environment, advanced communication techniques for efficient radio link resource management, and suitable antennas * Addresses multiplatform constellations, presenting the multiple HAP constellation planning procedure and discussing the networking implications of using multiple HAPs This book will be of valuable interest to researchers and practitioners in the areas of wireless communications, satellite communications and high-altitude platforms, and development engineers involved in the design and development of HAP systems.

  • VHF to SHF Radio Prediction

    **A practical guide to the principles of radio communications for both civilian and military applications** In this book, the author covers both the civilian and military uses of technology, focusing particularly on the applications of radio propagation and prediction. Divided into two parts, the author introduces the basic theory of radio prediction before providing a step-by-step explanation of how this theory can be translated into real-life applications. In addition, the book presents up-to-date systems and methods to illustrate how these applications work in practice. This includes systems working in the HF bands and SHF. Furthermore, the author examines the performance of these systems, and also the effects of noise, interference and deliberate jamming, as well as the performance of jamming, detection and intercept systems. Particular attention is paid to the problems caused by Radio Controlled Improvised Explosive Devices (RCIEDs). **Key Features:** * * Written by an expert in both the civilian and military applications of the technology * Focuses on methods such as radio and radar jamming, and radio-controlled improvised explosive devices (IEDs) * Contains problems and solutions to clarify key topics

  • Carbon-Footprint-Based Solid Waste Management

    Life cycle assessment (LCA) provides a legitimate framework to quantify various environmental impacts for solid waste management (SWM) systems in which life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) may help reach a single comparable number with the aid of normalization and weighting factors. Yet, the complexity of impact assessment and interpretation for a myriad of environmental impact categories at different scales are still difficult for waste managers and the general public to understand. This chapter provides a descriptive definition of global-warming potential (GWP) in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This is followed by a methodological discussion of solid waste management (SWM) under carbon constraint. The case study presented here explains a series of GWP calculations using an LCA software package to demonstrate a real-world LCIA in a typical SWM system with GHG emissions. The chapter concludes with a discussion on the application potential of carbon footprint-based SWM.



Standards related to Atmosphere

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No standards are currently tagged "Atmosphere"