Atmosphere

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An atmosphere (New Latin atmosphaera, created in the 17th century from Greek ἀτμός "vapor" and σφαῖρα "sphere") is a layer of gases that may surround a material body of sufficient mass,and that is held in place by the gravity of the body. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Atmosphere

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IGARSS 2015 - 2015 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

The Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society (GRSS) seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields using conferences, education and other resources. Its fields of interest are the theory, concepts and techniques of science and engineering as they apply to the remote sensing of the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space, as well as the processing, interpretation and dissemination of this information.

  • IGARSS 2014 - 2014 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    GRSS seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields. IGARSS begins with a plenary session and tutorials on the most up-to-date topics. Paper, panel and poster sessions will be scheduled. The exhibit hall features the latest in geoscience instruments, equipment, software, publications, and scientific programs.

  • IGARSS 2013 - 2013 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    GRSS seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields. IGARSS begins with a plenary session and tutorials on the most up-to-date topics. Paper, panel and poster sessions will be scheduled. The exhibit hall features the latest in geoscience instruments, equipment, software, publications, and scientific programs.

  • IGARSS 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    Remote Sensing Techniques and Applications.

  • IGARSS 2011 - 2011 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    To gather world-class scientists, engineers and educators engaged in the fields of geoscience and remote sensing to meet and present their latest activities. Nearly 1900 participants from all over the world attended technical sessions, tutorials, exhibits and social activities at the 2010 event in Hawaii.

  • IGARSS 2010 - 2010 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    Remote Sensing techniques and applications

  • IGARSS 2009 - 2009 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    The programme for Cape Town will have several special sessions, in addition to maintaining continuity of traditional GRSS themes. IGARSS 2009 will celebrate ten years of MODIS Earth observations, and five years of the GEOSS programme. On the technical side, special sessions on microsatellites will be organized. In terms of African development, several sessions on applications will address disaster preparedness and response, global change and adaptation, good governance and role of RS in health.


2013 14th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology (ICEPT)

ICEPT 2013 is a four-day event, featuring technical sessions, invited talks, professional development courses/forums, exhibition, and social networking activities. It aims to cover the latest technological developments in electronic packaging, manufacturing and packaging equipment, and provide opportunities to explore the trends of research and development, as well as business in China.


2013 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV)

The IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV) is the premier annual forum sponsored by the IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Society. Researchers, academicians, practitioners, and students from universities, industry, and government agencies are invited to discuss research and applications for Intelligent Vehicles and Vehicle-Infrastructure Cooperation. The technical presentations are characterized by a single session format so that all attendees remain in a single room for multilateral communications in an informal atmosphere. Tutorials will be offered on the first day followed by three days of presentations. An exhibition area will be available for the presentation of products.

  • 2012 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV)

    The INTELLIGENT VEHICLES SYMPOSIUM (IV 2012) is the premier annual forum sponsored by the IEEE INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS SOCIETY (ITSS). Researchers, academicians, practitioners, and students from universities, industry, and government agencies are invited to discuss research and applications for Intelligent Vehicles and Vehicle-Infrastructure Cooperation. The technical presentations are characterized by a single session format so that all attendees remain in a single room for multilateral communications in an informal atmosphere.

  • 2011 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV)

    THE INTELLIGENT VEHICLES SYMPOSIUM (IV'11) is the premier annual forum sponsored by the IEEE INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS SOCIETY (ITSS). Researchers, academicians, practitioners, and students from universities, industry, and government agencies are invited to discuss research and applications for Intelligent Vehicles and Intelligent Infrastructures. The technical presentations are characterized by a single session format so that all attendees remain in a single room for multilateral communications in

  • 2010 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV)

    THE INTELLIGENT VEHICLES SYMPOSIUM (IV'10) is the premier annual forum sponsored by the IEEE INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS SOCITY (ITSS). Researchers, academicians, practitioners and students from universities, industry, and government agencies are invited to discuss research and applications for Intelligent Vehicles and Intelligent Infrastructures.

  • 2009 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV)

    It gathers researchers from industry and universities to discuss research and applications for Intelligent Vehicles and Intelligent Infrastructures. The technical presentations are characterized by a single session format so that all attendees remain in a single room for multilateral communications in an informal atmosphere. Most of the papers will be poster presentations. Papers dealing with all aspects of vehicle-related intelligent systems and cooperation between vehicles and infrastructures are solicite


2012 13th IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm)

The scientific and engineering exploration of thermal, thermomechanical and emerging technology issues associated with electronic devices, packages and systems.


2012 6th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering (iCBBE)

Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, Biomedical Engineering


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Periodicals related to Atmosphere

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on

Theory, concepts, and techniques of science and engineering as applied to sensing the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space; and the processing, interpretation, and dissemination of this information.


Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on

Science and technology related to the basic physics and engineering of magnetism, magnetic materials, applied magnetics, magnetic devices, and magnetic data storage. The Transactions publishes scholarly articles of archival value as well as tutorial expositions and critical reviews of classical subjects and topics of current interest.


Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on

All aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.




Xplore Articles related to Atmosphere

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The theory of microwave line-of-sight propagation through a turbulent atmosphere

S. Clifford; J. Strohbehn IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 1970

In this paper the covariance and spectra for amplitude and phase fluctuations for a microwave signal propagated over a line-of-sight path through a turbulent medium are calculated. It is shown that the results derived under the assumption that the wavelength is much smaller than the inner scale of turbulencel_{0}are also valid when the wavelength is equal to or greater thanl_{0}.


Research on locating acoustic sensor for detecting gearbox

Liwei Tang; Tongqiang Yang; Junying Luan 2009 9th International Conference on Electronic Measurement & Instruments, 2009

The rule of locating acoustic sensor is demonstrated in detail for acoustics detecting gearbox. The sound pressure expression is worked out based on the acoustics model built in the paper. With the expression, the sound pressure curves are drawn according to different distance and variable frequencies. Furthermore, the transversal position of locating acoustic sensor is discussed, which shows that the ...


Functions Performed by Canadian Engineers and Scientists

D. N. Solomon; A. M. Fergusson IRE Transactions on Engineering Management, 1961

This paper describes the distribution of Canadian engineers and scientists in terms of field of specialization, work function performed, highest degree obtained, and year of graduation. The paper is in three sections: discussion of the source of the data; presentation of the data; summary and discussion.


Tests on oil-impregnated paper-II effects of gas pressure

Hubert H. Race Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1937

In 1934 tests were started to investigate the important factors influencing the life of oil-impregnated paper at high voltage. Last year we described the techniques developed to date in this investigation. The present paper presents all data taken on specimens tested under a gas pressure of 200 pounds per square inch and compared all results obtained with one commercial mineral ...


Retrieval of parameters of a horizontal hydrometeor distribution within the field of view of a satellite microwave radiometer

B. Z. Petrenko IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2001

The information about variations in a small-scale horizontal hydrometeor distribution (HHD) within the microwave radiometers field of view (FOV) is necessary to subdue "beam-filling" errors in rainfall retrieval. The present study substantiates the potentiality and the method of the determination of some HHD parameters along with a footprint-averaged rainfall from spectral/polarization microwave radiometer measurements. HHD parameters selected for the retrieval ...


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Educational Resources on Atmosphere

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eLearning

The theory of microwave line-of-sight propagation through a turbulent atmosphere

S. Clifford; J. Strohbehn IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 1970

In this paper the covariance and spectra for amplitude and phase fluctuations for a microwave signal propagated over a line-of-sight path through a turbulent medium are calculated. It is shown that the results derived under the assumption that the wavelength is much smaller than the inner scale of turbulencel_{0}are also valid when the wavelength is equal to or greater thanl_{0}.


Research on locating acoustic sensor for detecting gearbox

Liwei Tang; Tongqiang Yang; Junying Luan 2009 9th International Conference on Electronic Measurement & Instruments, 2009

The rule of locating acoustic sensor is demonstrated in detail for acoustics detecting gearbox. The sound pressure expression is worked out based on the acoustics model built in the paper. With the expression, the sound pressure curves are drawn according to different distance and variable frequencies. Furthermore, the transversal position of locating acoustic sensor is discussed, which shows that the ...


Functions Performed by Canadian Engineers and Scientists

D. N. Solomon; A. M. Fergusson IRE Transactions on Engineering Management, 1961

This paper describes the distribution of Canadian engineers and scientists in terms of field of specialization, work function performed, highest degree obtained, and year of graduation. The paper is in three sections: discussion of the source of the data; presentation of the data; summary and discussion.


Tests on oil-impregnated paper-II effects of gas pressure

Hubert H. Race Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1937

In 1934 tests were started to investigate the important factors influencing the life of oil-impregnated paper at high voltage. Last year we described the techniques developed to date in this investigation. The present paper presents all data taken on specimens tested under a gas pressure of 200 pounds per square inch and compared all results obtained with one commercial mineral ...


Retrieval of parameters of a horizontal hydrometeor distribution within the field of view of a satellite microwave radiometer

B. Z. Petrenko IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2001

The information about variations in a small-scale horizontal hydrometeor distribution (HHD) within the microwave radiometers field of view (FOV) is necessary to subdue "beam-filling" errors in rainfall retrieval. The present study substantiates the potentiality and the method of the determination of some HHD parameters along with a footprint-averaged rainfall from spectral/polarization microwave radiometer measurements. HHD parameters selected for the retrieval ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • References

    Electrical Engineering Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media A volume in the IEEE/OUP Series on Electromagnetic Wave Theory Donald G. Dudley, Series Editor This IEEE Classic Reissue presents a unified introduction to the fundamental theories and applications of wave propagation and scattering in random media. Now for the first time, the two volumes of Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media previously published by Academic Press in 1978 are combined into one comprehensive volume. This book presents a clear picture of how waves interact with the atmosphere, terrain, ocean, turbulence, aerosols, rain, snow, biological tissues, composite material, and other media. The theories presented will enable you to solve a variety of problems relating to clutter, interference, imaging, object detection, and communication theory for various media. This book is expressly designed for engineers and scientists who have an interest in optical, microwave, or acoustic wave propagation and scattering. Topics covered include: * Wave characteristics in aerosols and hydrometeors * Optical and acoustic scattering in sea water * Scattering from biological materials * Pulse scattering and beam wave propagation in such media * Optical diffusion in tissues and blood * Transport and radiative transfer theory * Kubelka--Munk flux theory and plane-parallel problem * Multiple scattering theory * Wave fluctuations in turbulence * Strong fluctuation theory * Rough surface scattering * Remote sensing and inversion techniques * Imaging through various media About the IEEE/OUP Series on Electromagnetic Wave Theory Formerly the IEEE Press Series on Electromagnetic Waves, this joint series between IEEE Press and Oxford University Press offers outstanding coverage of the field with new titles as well as reprintings and revisions of recognized classics that maintain long-term archival significance in electromagnetic waves and applications. Designed specifically for graduate students, practicing engineers, and researchers, this series provides affordable volumes that explore electromagnetic waves and applications beyond the undergraduate level. See page il of the front matter for a listing of books in this series.

  • Index

    Electrical Engineering Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media A volume in the IEEE/OUP Series on Electromagnetic Wave Theory Donald G. Dudley, Series Editor This IEEE Classic Reissue presents a unified introduction to the fundamental theories and applications of wave propagation and scattering in random media. Now for the first time, the two volumes of Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media previously published by Academic Press in 1978 are combined into one comprehensive volume. This book presents a clear picture of how waves interact with the atmosphere, terrain, ocean, turbulence, aerosols, rain, snow, biological tissues, composite material, and other media. The theories presented will enable you to solve a variety of problems relating to clutter, interference, imaging, object detection, and communication theory for various media. This book is expressly designed for engineers and scientists who have an interest in optical, microwave, or acoustic wave propagation and scattering. Topics covered include: * Wave characteristics in aerosols and hydrometeors * Optical and acoustic scattering in sea water * Scattering from biological materials * Pulse scattering and beam wave propagation in such media * Optical diffusion in tissues and blood * Transport and radiative transfer theory * Kubelka--Munk flux theory and plane-parallel problem * Multiple scattering theory * Wave fluctuations in turbulence * Strong fluctuation theory * Rough surface scattering * Remote sensing and inversion techniques * Imaging through various media About the IEEE/OUP Series on Electromagnetic Wave Theory Formerly the IEEE Press Series on Electromagnetic Waves, this joint series between IEEE Press and Oxford University Press offers outstanding coverage of the field with new titles as well as reprintings and revisions of recognized classics that maintain long-term archival significance in electromagnetic waves and applications. Designed specifically for graduate students, practicing engineers, and researchers, this series provides affordable volumes that explore electromagnetic waves and applications beyond the undergraduate level. See page il of the front matter for a listing of books in this series.

  • Atmospheric Chemistry

    This chapter contains sections titled: The Polluted Atmosphere, The Stratosphere and the Mesosphere, Summary, References

  • About the Author

    Electrical Engineering Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media A volume in the IEEE/OUP Series on Electromagnetic Wave Theory Donald G. Dudley, Series Editor This IEEE Classic Reissue presents a unified introduction to the fundamental theories and applications of wave propagation and scattering in random media. Now for the first time, the two volumes of Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media previously published by Academic Press in 1978 are combined into one comprehensive volume. This book presents a clear picture of how waves interact with the atmosphere, terrain, ocean, turbulence, aerosols, rain, snow, biological tissues, composite material, and other media. The theories presented will enable you to solve a variety of problems relating to clutter, interference, imaging, object detection, and communication theory for various media. This book is expressly designed for engineers and scientists who have an interest in optical, microwave, or acoustic wave propagation and scattering. Topics covered include: * Wave characteristics in aerosols and hydrometeors * Optical and acoustic scattering in sea water * Scattering from biological materials * Pulse scattering and beam wave propagation in such media * Optical diffusion in tissues and blood * Transport and radiative transfer theory * Kubelka--Munk flux theory and plane-parallel problem * Multiple scattering theory * Wave fluctuations in turbulence * Strong fluctuation theory * Rough surface scattering * Remote sensing and inversion techniques * Imaging through various media About the IEEE/OUP Series on Electromagnetic Wave Theory Formerly the IEEE Press Series on Electromagnetic Waves, this joint series between IEEE Press and Oxford University Press offers outstanding coverage of the field with new titles as well as reprintings and revisions of recognized classics that maintain long-term archival significance in electromagnetic waves and applications. Designed specifically for graduate students, practicing engineers, and researchers, this series provides affordable volumes that explore electromagnetic waves and applications beyond the undergraduate level. See page il of the front matter for a listing of books in this series.

  • Appendix: The Fifty Technology Experts

    The rush of technology in the 20th century brought more advances than the 11th through 19th centuries combined. Automobiles and aircraft, television and radio, computers and global communications, medical imaging and the leap of humans beyond Earth's atmosphere -- all these were born from the creative spark and labor of scientists and engineers. How can we ensure that technology is humane and not inane? Can nations mount an effective defense without having to shoot? When computer intelligence exceeds human intelligence, what will it mean to be human? If you could "uninvent" one technology, which would you choose -- and why? How can we prevent ourselves from drowning in high-tech waste? Why should engineers take the long view? These questions and many others are explored in Engineering Tomorrow: Today's Technology Experts Envision the Next Century by 50 world-renowned experts in all disciplines of science and technology. Nobel laureates Arno Penzias and Charles H. Townes, Internet co-inventor Vinton G. Cerf, environmentalist Stewart Brand, physicist Freeman J. Dyson, record-holding oceanographer Sylvia A. Earle, arms experts Norman R. Augustine and Richard L. Garwin, and microchip pioneers Jack S. Kilby and Gordon E. Moore are among the 50 featured scientists and engineers who envision technology's potential for the 21st century -- as well as the social responsibility borne by all who are engineering today and planning for tomorrow.

  • Introduction

    This introductory chapter provides an overview of the structure and contents of the book. It focuses on energy utilization and discusses the need for effective biomass utilization. The chapter also discusses why the need for a new energy system exists, and explains several barriers to the adoption of renewable energy technologies. The aim of the book is to apply a systematic approach to biomass materials for the purpose of finding the most economical and efficient type, capable of producing sufficient energy on a commercial scale. This should help in reducing harmful gasses and stabilize CO2 in the atmosphere. The book investigates various biomass samples for long-term commercial use. When environmental issues, long-term supply/availability, and economic reasons are taken into account, the design and implementation of a new biomass energy system can provide benefits in many ways.

  • The Fate of SO2 and NOχ in the Atmosphere

    This chapter contains section titled: References

  • Thermodynamics of Actual Working Fluids

    This chapter contains sections titled: The Working Fluid Before Combustion, Composition of the Atmosphere, Thermodynamic Properties of Dry Air, Thermodynamic Properties of Fuels, Thermodynamic Properties of Fuel-Air Mixtures Before Combustion, Use of Chart 1 for Fuel-Air Mixtures, Mixing Fuel and Air, Thermodynamics of Combustion, Charts for Products of Combustion, Transfer from C-1 to Charts for Products of Combustion, Approximate Treatment of Fuel-Air Mixtures, Illustrative Examples

  • About the Authors

    The rush of technology in the 20th century brought more advances than the 11th through 19th centuries combined. Automobiles and aircraft, television and radio, computers and global communications, medical imaging and the leap of humans beyond Earth's atmosphere -- all these were born from the creative spark and labor of scientists and engineers. How can we ensure that technology is humane and not inane? Can nations mount an effective defense without having to shoot? When computer intelligence exceeds human intelligence, what will it mean to be human? If you could "uninvent" one technology, which would you choose -- and why? How can we prevent ourselves from drowning in high-tech waste? Why should engineers take the long view? These questions and many others are explored in Engineering Tomorrow: Today's Technology Experts Envision the Next Century by 50 world-renowned experts in all disciplines of science and technology. Nobel laureates Arno Penzias and Charles H. Townes, Internet co-inventor Vinton G. Cerf, environmentalist Stewart Brand, physicist Freeman J. Dyson, record-holding oceanographer Sylvia A. Earle, arms experts Norman R. Augustine and Richard L. Garwin, and microchip pioneers Jack S. Kilby and Gordon E. Moore are among the 50 featured scientists and engineers who envision technology's potential for the 21st century -- as well as the social responsibility borne by all who are engineering today and planning for tomorrow.

  • About the Editor

    The rush of technology in the 20th century brought more advances than the 11th through 19th centuries combined. Automobiles and aircraft, television and radio, computers and global communications, medical imaging and the leap of humans beyond Earth's atmosphere -- all these were born from the creative spark and labor of scientists and engineers. How can we ensure that technology is humane and not inane? Can nations mount an effective defense without having to shoot? When computer intelligence exceeds human intelligence, what will it mean to be human? If you could "uninvent" one technology, which would you choose -- and why? How can we prevent ourselves from drowning in high-tech waste? Why should engineers take the long view? These questions and many others are explored in Engineering Tomorrow: Today's Technology Experts Envision the Next Century by 50 world-renowned experts in all disciplines of science and technology. Nobel laureates Arno Penzias and Charles H. Townes, Internet co-inventor Vinton G. Cerf, environmentalist Stewart Brand, physicist Freeman J. Dyson, record-holding oceanographer Sylvia A. Earle, arms experts Norman R. Augustine and Richard L. Garwin, and microchip pioneers Jack S. Kilby and Gordon E. Moore are among the 50 featured scientists and engineers who envision technology's potential for the 21st century -- as well as the social responsibility borne by all who are engineering today and planning for tomorrow.



Standards related to Atmosphere

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Jobs related to Atmosphere

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