Atmosphere

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An atmosphere (New Latin atmosphaera, created in the 17th century from Greek ἀτμός "vapor" and σφαῖρα "sphere") is a layer of gases that may surround a material body of sufficient mass,and that is held in place by the gravity of the body. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Atmosphere

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2020 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS)

IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.


Oceans 2020 MTS/IEEE GULF COAST

To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.

  • OCEANS 2018 MTS/IEEE Charleston

    Ocean, coastal, and atmospheric science and technology advances and applications

  • OCEANS 2017 - Anchorage

    Papers on ocean technology, exhibits from ocean equipment and service suppliers, student posters and student poster competition, tutorials on ocean technology, workshops and town meetings on policy and governmental process.

  • OCEANS 2016

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 500 technical papers and 150 -200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2015

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2014

    The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2013

    Three days of 8-10 tracks of technical sessions (400-450 papers) and concurent exhibition (150-250 exhibitors)

  • OCEANS 2012

    Ocean related technology. Tutorials and three days of technical sessions and exhibits. 8-12 parallel technical tracks.

  • OCEANS 2011

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2010

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2009

  • OCEANS 2008

    The Marine Technology Society (MTS) and the Oceanic Engineering Society (OES) of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) cosponsor a joint conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, education, and policy. Held annually in the fall, it has become a focal point for the ocean and marine community to meet, learn, and exhibit products and services. The conference includes technical sessions, workshops, student poster sessions, job fairs, tutorials and a large exhibit.

  • OCEANS 2007

  • OCEANS 2006

  • OCEANS 2005

  • OCEANS 2004

  • OCEANS 2003

  • OCEANS 2002

  • OCEANS 2001

  • OCEANS 2000

  • OCEANS '99

  • OCEANS '98

  • OCEANS '97

  • OCEANS '96


2019 20th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems & Eurosensors XXXIII (TRANSDUCERS & EUROSENSORS XXXIII)

The world's premiere conference in MEMS sensors, actuators and integrated micro and nano systems welcomes you to attend this four-day event showcasing major technological, scientific and commercial breakthroughs in mechanical, optical, chemical and biological devices and systems using micro and nanotechnology.The major areas of activity in the development of Transducers solicited and expected at this conference include but are not limited to: Bio, Medical, Chemical, and Micro Total Analysis Systems Fabrication and Packaging Mechanical and Physical Sensors Materials and Characterization Design, Simulation and Theory Actuators Optical MEMS RF MEMS Nanotechnology Energy and Power


2019 44th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz)

Science, technology and applications spanning the millimeter-waves, terahertz and infrared spectral regions


2019 IEEE 46th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and related science and technology


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Periodicals related to Atmosphere

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on

The theory, design and application of Control Systems. It shall encompass components, and the integration of these components, as are necessary for the construction of such systems. The word `systems' as used herein shall be interpreted to include physical, biological, organizational and other entities and combinations thereof, which can be represented through a mathematical symbolism. The Field of Interest: shall ...


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Most published Xplore authors for Atmosphere

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Xplore Articles related to Atmosphere

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Turbulence retrievals from radio occultations

2013 US National Committee of URSI National Radio Science Meeting (USNC-URSI NRSM), 2013

Summary form only given. The COSMIC project has proven the utility of radio occultation (RO) in extraction of temperature profiles in the global atmosphere for application to numerical weather forecasting, with GPS satellites acting as the source of the occulted radio signals. However, it is also possible to extract information on the location and intensity of turbulence in the global ...


3 ON THE QUESTION: ARE THE PLANETS INHABITED?

The Continued Exercise of Reason: Public Addresses by George Boole, None

There are two distinct species of evidence which we are accustomed to employ in the investigation of Natural Truth: the evidence of demonstration and the evidence of analogy.1 To one or the other of these we have recourse in questions to which that direct evidence afforded by the senses, or by testimony, is inapplicable. The first species of evidence, that ...


Correction

Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers, 1937

None


Breakdown voltage estimation in air and nitrogen

Conference on Electrical Insulation & Dielectric Phenomena - Annual Report 1971, 1971

In previous papers, the authors have described empirical1and semi- empirical2methods of estimating minimum breakdown voltages for gas-insulated systems. With both methods, extensive use has been made of existing analytical techniques to compute fields for standard3and practical arrangements.4–6


Overview on HAPS

High-Altitude Platforms for Wireless Communications, None

This chapter contains sections titled:HAPS System ConceptsRadio Regulations for HAPSApplications and ServicesHAPS NetworksTerrestrial, Satellite and Stratospheric Communication Systems: A ComparisonSurvey of the Evolution and State‐of‐the‐Art of HAPS in the WorldReferences


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Educational Resources on Atmosphere

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Turbulence retrievals from radio occultations

    Summary form only given. The COSMIC project has proven the utility of radio occultation (RO) in extraction of temperature profiles in the global atmosphere for application to numerical weather forecasting, with GPS satellites acting as the source of the occulted radio signals. However, it is also possible to extract information on the location and intensity of turbulence in the global atmosphere using RO. Such information is of considerable societal utility in applications such as aviation safety. We present and contrast two different methods of turbulence retrieval. The first method depends on identifying non-stable regions of turbulence overturns in the potential temperature profiles extracted using GPS RO and characterizing the dissipation rate of turbulence kinetic energy by suitable assumptions on the overturn scale. This technique is useful at altitudes above 5 km, where humidity effects can be ignored, with vertical resolution being the prime limiting factor. The second technique uses the spectrum of refractive index fluctuations along the signal path to estimate the structure constant of these fluctuations. This method works best at high altitudes. The pricipal limitation in understanding turbulence in the global free atmosphere is the extreme dearth of empirical data due to the expense and difficulty of deploying in-situ sensors. A few Stratosphere/Troposphere (ST) radars still in operation around the world do monitor turbulence in the atmospheric column above to altitudes of about 25 km. We identify RO events in COSMIC data archives occurring within a 1/2<sup>o</sup> box encompassing the ST radar at Wales, UK, and compare the turbulence retrievals from the above two techniques to radarretrieved values.

  • 3 ON THE QUESTION: ARE THE PLANETS INHABITED?

    There are two distinct species of evidence which we are accustomed to employ in the investigation of Natural Truth: the evidence of demonstration and the evidence of analogy.1 To one or the other of these we have recourse in questions to which that direct evidence afforded by the senses, or by testimony, is inapplicable. The first species of evidence, that of demonstration, is of chief utility in the higher physical and mathematical sciences, its office being to reduce observed phenomena to the dominion of fixed laws, and again from fixed and ascertained laws to deduce the succession of phenomena. This induction of laws and derivation of phenomena has constituted in all the more important sciences the labour of many minds, and of successive ages. Thus in the science of Astronomy, it is to Newton that we owe the discovery of the law of Gravitation. It is to him in part, and to the Astronomers of France in the next age in a greater degree, that we must assign the honour of having traced that law to its remoter consequences. It will be seen that the entire process, whether of induction or derivation, rests on the general principle, that there is an appointed order of nature, that her sequences of cause and effect are invariable. Hence, were our means of analysis sufficiently powerful and comprehensive, it would be possible from a knowledge of the existing state of the material universe, to determine its condition at any future period. One of the questions which I have proposed to consider this evening—the question of the stability and permanency of the existing planetary system, is of this character, and to a certain extent admits of being answered by that species of evidence which I have endeavoured to describe. I do not however, when I come to speak of the question, design to offer any special account of the evidence on which it rests. Such an attempt would certainly fail of its object. I shall on that subject restrict myself to a simple exposition of results.2

  • Correction

    None

  • Breakdown voltage estimation in air and nitrogen

    In previous papers, the authors have described empirical1and semi- empirical2methods of estimating minimum breakdown voltages for gas-insulated systems. With both methods, extensive use has been made of existing analytical techniques to compute fields for standard3and practical arrangements.4–6

  • Overview on HAPS

    This chapter contains sections titled:HAPS System ConceptsRadio Regulations for HAPSApplications and ServicesHAPS NetworksTerrestrial, Satellite and Stratospheric Communication Systems: A ComparisonSurvey of the Evolution and State‐of‐the‐Art of HAPS in the WorldReferences

  • New horizons X-band communications system for exploring Pluto's atmosphere

    The dwarf planet Pluto, the most important Kuiper Belt Object, has been examined with closest encounter of New Horizons spacecraft. The photographs received from this highly designed spacecraft provide valuable data and images which are elaborately considered in this paper to gather further insight about Pluto. In this communication we have presented some interesting results as derived from those received data send to earth by X-band communication system that links the spacecraft to the earth about Plutonic surface and its atmosphere. Plot of intensity of starlight against distance on the sunrise limb between two regions and geometry of plutonic atmosphere at occultation provides some valuable information about this dwarf planet including multiple layers of haze present in its atmosphere. The graph obtained by the measured data of New Horizons when it crosses Pluto's shadow reveals absorption of solar ultraviolet by the atmosphere of Pluto.

  • An exhaust steam turbine plant

    At the Wisconsin Steel Company's Mill at South Chicago the turbine utilizes the exhaust steam from a reversible engine which drives the blooming rolls. The steam passes first to the receiver which takes out the shock of the puffs of steam, thence to the steam accumulator or “regenerator”, and from there to the turbine and condenser. The general layout of the plant is shown in Fig. 2.

  • Global change and possible effects on the earth's plasma environment

    None

  • Spatio temporal behavior of AOD over Pakistan using MODIS data

    Aerosols are solid or liquid particles suspended in the atmosphere coming from both natural and anthropogenic sources, they are distributed through wind currents to the places even where they are not formed. Hence, atmospheric aerosols have varying spatial and temporal concentration on both regional and global scale. They play a very vital role in regulating climate by modifying earth's radiative budget through the absorption and scattering of solar radiations. Moreover it also affects environmental status of region at both local and regional scale like visibility and air pollution. Satellite remote sensing is a potential source for monitoring air pollution. In order to access aerosol volume concentration over Pakistan at temporal and spatial scale, attribute data from Terra-MODIS satellite for AOD550 nm was downloaded for years 2007-2011. Maps were generated to identify hotspots by using Arc GIS 9.3 for the time scale of 2007-2011. Furthermore, backward trajectories were also calculated from NOAA HYSPLIT model at the height of 500, 1000, and 1500 meter for different locations over Pakistan. It was observed that aerosol concentration of coarse mode particles increases in the season of monsoon due to high dust storm frequency, burning activities in the agricultural fields of Pakistan and India (Indian Gigantic Plain) and due to the transportation of particles from the neighboring countries. It was observed that 2008 was highly polluted year as it had the highest concentration of aerosols throughout the year. Aerosol optical density (AOD) values and visibility was plotted and it was observed that it reduced considerably in years 2007-2011 with increasing AOD concentration.

  • Profiling Of Tropospheric Water Vapor With Haman LIDAR

    None



Standards related to Atmosphere

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No standards are currently tagged "Atmosphere"