Atmosphere

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An atmosphere (New Latin atmosphaera, created in the 17th century from Greek ἀτμός "vapor" and σφαῖρα "sphere") is a layer of gases that may surround a material body of sufficient mass,and that is held in place by the gravity of the body. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Atmosphere

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IGARSS 2015 - 2015 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

The Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society (GRSS) seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields using conferences, education and other resources. Its fields of interest are the theory, concepts and techniques of science and engineering as they apply to the remote sensing of the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space, as well as the processing, interpretation and dissemination of this information.

  • IGARSS 2014 - 2014 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    GRSS seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields. IGARSS begins with a plenary session and tutorials on the most up-to-date topics. Paper, panel and poster sessions will be scheduled. The exhibit hall features the latest in geoscience instruments, equipment, software, publications, and scientific programs.

  • IGARSS 2013 - 2013 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    GRSS seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields. IGARSS begins with a plenary session and tutorials on the most up-to-date topics. Paper, panel and poster sessions will be scheduled. The exhibit hall features the latest in geoscience instruments, equipment, software, publications, and scientific programs.

  • IGARSS 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    Remote Sensing Techniques and Applications.

  • IGARSS 2011 - 2011 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    To gather world-class scientists, engineers and educators engaged in the fields of geoscience and remote sensing to meet and present their latest activities. Nearly 1900 participants from all over the world attended technical sessions, tutorials, exhibits and social activities at the 2010 event in Hawaii.

  • IGARSS 2010 - 2010 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    Remote Sensing techniques and applications

  • IGARSS 2009 - 2009 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    The programme for Cape Town will have several special sessions, in addition to maintaining continuity of traditional GRSS themes. IGARSS 2009 will celebrate ten years of MODIS Earth observations, and five years of the GEOSS programme. On the technical side, special sessions on microsatellites will be organized. In terms of African development, several sessions on applications will address disaster preparedness and response, global change and adaptation, good governance and role of RS in health.


2013 14th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology (ICEPT)

ICEPT 2013 is a four-day event, featuring technical sessions, invited talks, professional development courses/forums, exhibition, and social networking activities. It aims to cover the latest technological developments in electronic packaging, manufacturing and packaging equipment, and provide opportunities to explore the trends of research and development, as well as business in China.


2013 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV)

The IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV) is the premier annual forum sponsored by the IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Society. Researchers, academicians, practitioners, and students from universities, industry, and government agencies are invited to discuss research and applications for Intelligent Vehicles and Vehicle-Infrastructure Cooperation. The technical presentations are characterized by a single session format so that all attendees remain in a single room for multilateral communications in an informal atmosphere. Tutorials will be offered on the first day followed by three days of presentations. An exhibition area will be available for the presentation of products.

  • 2012 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV)

    The INTELLIGENT VEHICLES SYMPOSIUM (IV 2012) is the premier annual forum sponsored by the IEEE INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS SOCIETY (ITSS). Researchers, academicians, practitioners, and students from universities, industry, and government agencies are invited to discuss research and applications for Intelligent Vehicles and Vehicle-Infrastructure Cooperation. The technical presentations are characterized by a single session format so that all attendees remain in a single room for multilateral communications in an informal atmosphere.

  • 2011 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV)

    THE INTELLIGENT VEHICLES SYMPOSIUM (IV'11) is the premier annual forum sponsored by the IEEE INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS SOCIETY (ITSS). Researchers, academicians, practitioners, and students from universities, industry, and government agencies are invited to discuss research and applications for Intelligent Vehicles and Intelligent Infrastructures. The technical presentations are characterized by a single session format so that all attendees remain in a single room for multilateral communications in

  • 2010 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV)

    THE INTELLIGENT VEHICLES SYMPOSIUM (IV'10) is the premier annual forum sponsored by the IEEE INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS SOCITY (ITSS). Researchers, academicians, practitioners and students from universities, industry, and government agencies are invited to discuss research and applications for Intelligent Vehicles and Intelligent Infrastructures.

  • 2009 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV)

    It gathers researchers from industry and universities to discuss research and applications for Intelligent Vehicles and Intelligent Infrastructures. The technical presentations are characterized by a single session format so that all attendees remain in a single room for multilateral communications in an informal atmosphere. Most of the papers will be poster presentations. Papers dealing with all aspects of vehicle-related intelligent systems and cooperation between vehicles and infrastructures are solicite


2012 13th IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm)

The scientific and engineering exploration of thermal, thermomechanical and emerging technology issues associated with electronic devices, packages and systems.


2012 6th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering (iCBBE)

Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, Biomedical Engineering


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Periodicals related to Atmosphere

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on

Theory, concepts, and techniques of science and engineering as applied to sensing the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space; and the processing, interpretation, and dissemination of this information.


Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on

Science and technology related to the basic physics and engineering of magnetism, magnetic materials, applied magnetics, magnetic devices, and magnetic data storage. The Transactions publishes scholarly articles of archival value as well as tutorial expositions and critical reviews of classical subjects and topics of current interest.


Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on

All aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.




Xplore Articles related to Atmosphere

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Satellite-Based Detection of Nuclear Detonations in Space

Richard F. Taschek IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 1963

First Page of the Article ![](/xploreAssets/images/absImages/04323265.png)


Measurement of &gamma;-ray dose in a thermal neutron field by using a <sup>3</sup>He-filtered GM counter

K. Kudo; N. Takeda; A. Fukuda 1995 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, 1995

A new type of 3He-filtered GM counter has been used to measure the dose of γ-rays existing in a thermal neutron field. The detector assembly consists of a commercially available GM counter (8.8 mm diameter and 31.8 mm height) surrounded by a cylindrical aluminum vessel (220.5 mm diameter and 163 mm height) filled with 3 He gas in the pressure ...


Investigation of atmosphere pressure plasma discharge and its application to surface modification of blood-filtering material

L. X. Tang; P. X. Feng; H. Y. Yan; G. Z. Li; C. Y. Shi; G. Qiu The 30th International Conference on Plasma Science, 2003. ICOPS 2003. IEEE Conference Record - Abstracts., 2003

Summary form only given, as follows. Summary form only given. With peculiar structure and performance, melt-blown PBT nonwoven fabrics, which is treated by plasma, is regarded as perfect materials to transfuse white blood cells (WBC) from blood. Improved dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) equipment and technique have been used to modify the surface of PBT melt-blown nonwovens. In this paper, with ...


New Methodology for Predicting Vertical Atmospheric Profile and Propagation Parameters in Subtropical Arabian Gulf Region

Abdulhadi AbouAlmal; Raed A. Abd-Alhameed; Steve M. R. Jones; Hussain Al-Ahmad IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2015

A new simplified approach is proposed to evaluate the vertical refractivity profile within the lowest 1 km of atmosphere from the analysis of surface refractivity N8 in areas where upper-air data are not available. Upper-air measurements from the nearest available radiosonde location with similar surface profile to these sites are utilized. The profiles of N8 and refractivity extrapolated to sea ...


Correction to "Integral equation solution and RCS computation of a thin rectangular plate"

Y. Rahmat-Samii; R. Mittra IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 1975

First Page of the Article ![](/xploreAssets/images/absImages/01141060.png)


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Educational Resources on Atmosphere

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eLearning

Satellite-Based Detection of Nuclear Detonations in Space

Richard F. Taschek IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 1963

First Page of the Article ![](/xploreAssets/images/absImages/04323265.png)


Measurement of &gamma;-ray dose in a thermal neutron field by using a <sup>3</sup>He-filtered GM counter

K. Kudo; N. Takeda; A. Fukuda 1995 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, 1995

A new type of 3He-filtered GM counter has been used to measure the dose of γ-rays existing in a thermal neutron field. The detector assembly consists of a commercially available GM counter (8.8 mm diameter and 31.8 mm height) surrounded by a cylindrical aluminum vessel (220.5 mm diameter and 163 mm height) filled with 3 He gas in the pressure ...


Investigation of atmosphere pressure plasma discharge and its application to surface modification of blood-filtering material

L. X. Tang; P. X. Feng; H. Y. Yan; G. Z. Li; C. Y. Shi; G. Qiu The 30th International Conference on Plasma Science, 2003. ICOPS 2003. IEEE Conference Record - Abstracts., 2003

Summary form only given, as follows. Summary form only given. With peculiar structure and performance, melt-blown PBT nonwoven fabrics, which is treated by plasma, is regarded as perfect materials to transfuse white blood cells (WBC) from blood. Improved dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) equipment and technique have been used to modify the surface of PBT melt-blown nonwovens. In this paper, with ...


New Methodology for Predicting Vertical Atmospheric Profile and Propagation Parameters in Subtropical Arabian Gulf Region

Abdulhadi AbouAlmal; Raed A. Abd-Alhameed; Steve M. R. Jones; Hussain Al-Ahmad IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2015

A new simplified approach is proposed to evaluate the vertical refractivity profile within the lowest 1 km of atmosphere from the analysis of surface refractivity N8 in areas where upper-air data are not available. Upper-air measurements from the nearest available radiosonde location with similar surface profile to these sites are utilized. The profiles of N8 and refractivity extrapolated to sea ...


Correction to "Integral equation solution and RCS computation of a thin rectangular plate"

Y. Rahmat-Samii; R. Mittra IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 1975

First Page of the Article ![](/xploreAssets/images/absImages/01141060.png)


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • About the Authors

    The rush of technology in the 20th century brought more advances than the 11th through 19th centuries combined. Automobiles and aircraft, television and radio, computers and global communications, medical imaging and the leap of humans beyond Earth's atmosphere -- all these were born from the creative spark and labor of scientists and engineers. How can we ensure that technology is humane and not inane? Can nations mount an effective defense without having to shoot? When computer intelligence exceeds human intelligence, what will it mean to be human? If you could "uninvent" one technology, which would you choose -- and why? How can we prevent ourselves from drowning in high-tech waste? Why should engineers take the long view? These questions and many others are explored in Engineering Tomorrow: Today's Technology Experts Envision the Next Century by 50 world-renowned experts in all disciplines of science and technology. Nobel laureates Arno Penzias and Charles H. Townes, Internet co-inventor Vinton G. Cerf, environmentalist Stewart Brand, physicist Freeman J. Dyson, record-holding oceanographer Sylvia A. Earle, arms experts Norman R. Augustine and Richard L. Garwin, and microchip pioneers Jack S. Kilby and Gordon E. Moore are among the 50 featured scientists and engineers who envision technology's potential for the 21st century -- as well as the social responsibility borne by all who are engineering today and planning for tomorrow.

  • Biomass Burning: Historic and Prehistoric Perspectives

    The burning of biomass - forests, grasslands, and agricultural fields after the harvest - is much more widespread and extensive than previously believed; most biomass burning is thought to be initiated by humans and is on the increase. This comprehensive volume is the first to consider biomass burning as a global phenomenon and to assess its impact on the atmosphere, on climate, and on the biosphere itself. The 63 chapters by 158 scientists - including leading biomass burn researchers from third-world countries, such as Brazil, Nigeria, Zaire, India, and China, where biomass burning is so prevalent - point to biomass burning as a significant driver of global change on our planet.Global Biomass Burning provides a convenient and current reference on such topics as the remote sensing of biomass burning from space, the geographical distribution of burning; the combustion products of burning in tropical, temperate, and boreal ecosystems; burning as a global source of atmospheric gases and particulates; the impact of biomass burning gases and particulates on global climate; and the role of biomass burning on biodiversity and past global extinctions.Also included are contributions on the importance of biomass burning from the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program: A Study of Global Change and from the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project, as well as policy options prepared by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for managing biomass burning to mitigate global climate change.Joel S. Levine is Senior Research Scientist in the Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center and is the Principal Investigator of NASA's research program on global biomass burning, Biospheric Research Program, Office of Space Sciences and Applications.

  • Prospect

    Climate engineering -- which could slow the pace of global warming by injecting reflective particles into the upper atmosphere -- has emerged in recent years as an extremely controversial technology. And for good reason: it carries unknown risks and it may undermine commitments to conserving energy. Some critics also view it as an immoral human breach of the natural world. The latter objection, David Keith argues in _A Scientist's Case for Climate Engineering_, is groundless; we have been using technology to alter our environment for years. But he agrees that there are large issues at stake. A leading scientist long concerned about climate change, Keith offers no na??ve proposal for an easy fix to what is perhaps the most challenging question of our time; climate engineering is no silver bullet. But he argues that after decades during which very little progress has been made in reducing carbon emissions we must put this technology on the table and consider it responsib y. That doesn't mean we will deploy it, and it doesn't mean that we can abandon efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. But we must understand fully what research needs to be done and how the technology might be designed and used. This book provides a clear and accessible overview of what the costs and risks might be, and how climate engineering might fit into a larger program for managing climate change.

  • Scattering and Propagation of Waves in a Tenuous Distribution of Scatterers: Single Scattering Approximation

    Electrical Engineering Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media A volume in the IEEE/OUP Series on Electromagnetic Wave Theory Donald G. Dudley, Series Editor This IEEE Classic Reissue presents a unified introduction to the fundamental theories and applications of wave propagation and scattering in random media. Now for the first time, the two volumes of Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media previously published by Academic Press in 1978 are combined into one comprehensive volume. This book presents a clear picture of how waves interact with the atmosphere, terrain, ocean, turbulence, aerosols, rain, snow, biological tissues, composite material, and other media. The theories presented will enable you to solve a variety of problems relating to clutter, interference, imaging, object detection, and communication theory for various media. This book is expressly designed for engineers and scientists who have an interest in optical, microwave, or acoustic wave propagation and scattering. Topics covered include: * Wave characteristics in aerosols and hydrometeors * Optical and acoustic scattering in sea water * Scattering from biological materials * Pulse scattering and beam wave propagation in such media * Optical diffusion in tissues and blood * Transport and radiative transfer theory * Kubelka--Munk flux theory and plane-parallel problem * Multiple scattering theory * Wave fluctuations in turbulence * Strong fluctuation theory * Rough surface scattering * Remote sensing and inversion techniques * Imaging through various media About the IEEE/OUP Series on Electromagnetic Wave Theory Formerly the IEEE Press Series on Electromagnetic Waves, this joint series between IEEE Press and Oxford University Press offers outstanding coverage of the field with new titles as well as reprintings and revisions of recognized classics that maintain long-term archival significance in electromagnetic waves and applications. Designed specifically for graduate students, practicing engineers, and researchers, this series provides affordable volumes that explore electromagnetic waves and applications beyond the undergraduate level. See page il of the front matter for a listing of books in this series.

  • Global Space, Universal Time : Seeing the Planetary Atmosphere

    This chapter contains sections titled: Global Space, "Data Guys" : The Network Structure of Meteorology, Universal Time

  • About the Editor

    The rush of technology in the 20th century brought more advances than the 11th through 19th centuries combined. Automobiles and aircraft, television and radio, computers and global communications, medical imaging and the leap of humans beyond Earth's atmosphere -- all these were born from the creative spark and labor of scientists and engineers. How can we ensure that technology is humane and not inane? Can nations mount an effective defense without having to shoot? When computer intelligence exceeds human intelligence, what will it mean to be human? If you could "uninvent" one technology, which would you choose -- and why? How can we prevent ourselves from drowning in high-tech waste? Why should engineers take the long view? These questions and many others are explored in Engineering Tomorrow: Today's Technology Experts Envision the Next Century by 50 world-renowned experts in all disciplines of science and technology. Nobel laureates Arno Penzias and Charles H. Townes, Internet co-inventor Vinton G. Cerf, environmentalist Stewart Brand, physicist Freeman J. Dyson, record-holding oceanographer Sylvia A. Earle, arms experts Norman R. Augustine and Richard L. Garwin, and microchip pioneers Jack S. Kilby and Gordon E. Moore are among the 50 featured scientists and engineers who envision technology's potential for the 21st century -- as well as the social responsibility borne by all who are engineering today and planning for tomorrow.

  • Acknowledgments

    Climate engineering -- which could slow the pace of global warming by injecting reflective particles into the upper atmosphere -- has emerged in recent years as an extremely controversial technology. And for good reason: it carries unknown risks and it may undermine commitments to conserving energy. Some critics also view it as an immoral human breach of the natural world. The latter objection, David Keith argues in _A Scientist's Case for Climate Engineering_, is groundless; we have been using technology to alter our environment for years. But he agrees that there are large issues at stake. A leading scientist long concerned about climate change, Keith offers no na??ve proposal for an easy fix to what is perhaps the most challenging question of our time; climate engineering is no silver bullet. But he argues that after decades during which very little progress has been made in reducing carbon emissions we must put this technology on the table and consider it responsib y. That doesn't mean we will deploy it, and it doesn't mean that we can abandon efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. But we must understand fully what research needs to be done and how the technology might be designed and used. This book provides a clear and accessible overview of what the costs and risks might be, and how climate engineering might fit into a larger program for managing climate change.

  • No title

    Hitting the Wall examines the combination of two intractable energy problems of our age: the peaking of global oil production and the overloading of the atmosphere with greenhouse gases. Both emerge from the overconsumption of fossil fuels and solving one problem helps solve the other. The misinformation campaign about climate change is discussed as is the role that noncarbon energy solutions can play. There are nine major components in the proposed noncarbon strategy including energy efficiency and renewable energy. Economics and realistic restraints are considered and the total carbon reduction by 2030 is evaluated, and the results show that this strategy will reduce the carbon emission in the United States to be on track to an 80% reduction in 2050. The prospects for "clean" coal and "acceptable" nuclear are considered, and there is some hope that they would be used in an interim role. Although there are significant technical challenges to assembling the e new energy systems, the primary difficulty lies in the political arena. A multigenerational strategy is needed to guide our actions over the next century. Garnering long-term multiadministration coherent policies to put the elements of any proposed strategy in place, is a relatively rare occurrence in the United States. More common is the reversal of one policy by the next administration with counterproductive results. A framework for politically stable action is developed using the framework of "energy tribes" where all the disparate voices in the energy debate are included and considered in a "messy process." This book provides hope that our descendants in the next century will live in a world that would be familiar to us. This can only be achieved if the United States plays an active leadership role in maintaining climatic balance. Table of Contents: Introduction / The End of Cheap Oil / Carbon - Too Much of a Good Thing / Carbonless Energy Options / C nventional Energy / Policy for Whom? / Call to Arms / References

  • Multiple Scattering Theory

    Electrical Engineering Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media A volume in the IEEE/OUP Series on Electromagnetic Wave Theory Donald G. Dudley, Series Editor This IEEE Classic Reissue presents a unified introduction to the fundamental theories and applications of wave propagation and scattering in random media. Now for the first time, the two volumes of Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media previously published by Academic Press in 1978 are combined into one comprehensive volume. This book presents a clear picture of how waves interact with the atmosphere, terrain, ocean, turbulence, aerosols, rain, snow, biological tissues, composite material, and other media. The theories presented will enable you to solve a variety of problems relating to clutter, interference, imaging, object detection, and communication theory for various media. This book is expressly designed for engineers and scientists who have an interest in optical, microwave, or acoustic wave propagation and scattering. Topics covered include: * Wave characteristics in aerosols and hydrometeors * Optical and acoustic scattering in sea water * Scattering from biological materials * Pulse scattering and beam wave propagation in such media * Optical diffusion in tissues and blood * Transport and radiative transfer theory * Kubelka--Munk flux theory and plane-parallel problem * Multiple scattering theory * Wave fluctuations in turbulence * Strong fluctuation theory * Rough surface scattering * Remote sensing and inversion techniques * Imaging through various media About the IEEE/OUP Series on Electromagnetic Wave Theory Formerly the IEEE Press Series on Electromagnetic Waves, this joint series between IEEE Press and Oxford University Press offers outstanding coverage of the field with new titles as well as reprintings and revisions of recognized classics that maintain long-term archival significance in electromagnetic waves and applications. Designed specifically for graduate students, practicing engineers, and researchers, this series provides affordable volumes that explore electromagnetic waves and applications beyond the undergraduate level. See page il of the front matter for a listing of books in this series.

  • Acknowledgments

    The rush of technology in the 20th century brought more advances than the 11th through 19th centuries combined. Automobiles and aircraft, television and radio, computers and global communications, medical imaging and the leap of humans beyond Earth's atmosphere -- all these were born from the creative spark and labor of scientists and engineers. How can we ensure that technology is humane and not inane? Can nations mount an effective defense without having to shoot? When computer intelligence exceeds human intelligence, what will it mean to be human? If you could "uninvent" one technology, which would you choose -- and why? How can we prevent ourselves from drowning in high-tech waste? Why should engineers take the long view? These questions and many others are explored in Engineering Tomorrow: Today's Technology Experts Envision the Next Century by 50 world-renowned experts in all disciplines of science and technology. Nobel laureates Arno Penzias and Charles H. Townes, Internet co-inventor Vinton G. Cerf, environmentalist Stewart Brand, physicist Freeman J. Dyson, record-holding oceanographer Sylvia A. Earle, arms experts Norman R. Augustine and Richard L. Garwin, and microchip pioneers Jack S. Kilby and Gordon E. Moore are among the 50 featured scientists and engineers who envision technology's potential for the 21st century -- as well as the social responsibility borne by all who are engineering today and planning for tomorrow.



Standards related to Atmosphere

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Jobs related to Atmosphere

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