Atrophy

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Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Atrophy

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2020 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS)

IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.


2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC)

The 2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC 2020) will be held in Metro Toronto Convention Centre (MTCC), Toronto, Ontario, Canada. SMC 2020 is the flagship conference of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society. It provides an international forum for researchers and practitioners to report most recent innovations and developments, summarize state-of-the-art, and exchange ideas and advances in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems, and cybernetics. Advances in these fields have increasing importance in the creation of intelligent environments involving technologies interacting with humans to provide an enriching experience and thereby improve quality of life. Papers related to the conference theme are solicited, including theories, methodologies, and emerging applications. Contributions to theory and practice, including but not limited to the following technical areas, are invited.


2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore


2019 IEEE 16th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI)

The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging.ISBI 2019 will be the 16th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2019 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering cross fertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.


2019 IEEE 58th Conference on Decision and Control (CDC)

The CDC is recognized as the premier scientific and engineering conference dedicated to the advancement of the theory and practice of systems and control. The CDC annually brings together an international community of researchers and practitioners in the field of automatic control to discuss new research results, perspectives on future developments, and innovative applications relevant to decision making, systems and control, and related areas.The 58th CDC will feature contributed and invited papers, as well as workshops and may include tutorial sessions.The IEEE CDC is hosted by the IEEE Control Systems Society (CSS) in cooperation with the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), the Japanese Society for Instrument and Control Engineers (SICE), and the European Union Control Association (EUCA).


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Periodicals related to Atrophy

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Computer Graphics and Applications, IEEE

IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications (CG&A) bridges the theory and practice of computer graphics. From specific algorithms to full system implementations, CG&A offers a strong combination of peer-reviewed feature articles and refereed departments, including news and product announcements. Special Applications sidebars relate research stories to commercial development. Cover stories focus on creative applications of the technology by an artist or ...


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


Information Technology in Biomedicine, IEEE Transactions on

Telemedicine, teleradiology, telepathology, telemonitoring, telediagnostics, 3D animations in health care, health information networks, clinical information systems, virtual reality applications in medicine, broadband technologies, and global information infrastructure design for health care.


Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on

Science and technology related to the basic physics and engineering of magnetism, magnetic materials, applied magnetics, magnetic devices, and magnetic data storage. The Transactions publishes scholarly articles of archival value as well as tutorial expositions and critical reviews of classical subjects and topics of current interest.


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Xplore Articles related to Atrophy

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Quantitative measurement of creatine content in skeletal muscle using /sup 1/H-MRS

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 2005

We obtained /sup 1/H magnetic resonance spectra of skeletal muscles, with and without atrophy, and quantitatively evaluated the content of creatine in the muscles. Wister rats at nine weeks old were subjected to sciatic nerve transection of the left hindlimb which caused neurogenic muscular atrophy at the left gastrocnemius muscle. The spectra were acquired from a 2/spl times/2/spl times/2-mm/sup 3/ ...


Effects Of Muscle/nerve Electrical Stimulation On High Nervous Centres In Hemiplegic Spastic Patients

[1990] Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 1990

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Automated quantification of retinal nerve fiber layer atrophy in fundus photograph

The 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2004

Quantitative analysis of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defect is prerequisite in the early detection and management of glaucoma. A new automatic quantification method to evaluate the degree of RNLF defect has been proposed in this paper. Simple image processing technique is applied to locate optic disc and intensity of the pixels around optic disc is plotted. The area ...


Sensibility Assessment For User Interface And Training Program Of An Upper-Limb Rehabilitation Robot, D-SEMUL

2018 40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2018

Upper-limb rehabilitation training for hemiplegic patients has been primarily conducted by human therapists, and, hence, their use of training methods and conditions strongly depends on their expertise. The force control and motion sensing functions of rehabilitation robots are expected to be used for the qualitative training/assessment in the next-generation computerized rehabilitation. In this study, we developed a desktop rehabilitation robot ...


Development of a system for finding best electrode position for myoelectric hand control for derating of upper limb amputee

2007 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2007

The artificial hand controlled in myoelectric signal is referred to the myoelectric hand. The myoelectric hand controls a switching action of terminal device by changing the voltage of EMG signal generated by the contraction of the muscle remaining upper limb stump. Two signals are necessary to control of switching action. It takes a long time to determine the best point ...


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Educational Resources on Atrophy

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IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Quantitative measurement of creatine content in skeletal muscle using /sup 1/H-MRS

    We obtained /sup 1/H magnetic resonance spectra of skeletal muscles, with and without atrophy, and quantitatively evaluated the content of creatine in the muscles. Wister rats at nine weeks old were subjected to sciatic nerve transection of the left hindlimb which caused neurogenic muscular atrophy at the left gastrocnemius muscle. The spectra were acquired from a 2/spl times/2/spl times/2-mm/sup 3/ voxel located on the left gastrocnemius muscle with arrayed repetition times (TR) and echo times (TE). The signal intensities and the relaxation times of water and creatine were estimated by fitting a model equation to the measured spectra. The content of creatine was estimated from the signal intensities, the relaxation times, and the content of water. There was no significant difference in the relaxation times of water and creatine between the denervated group and the control group. The water content of the denervated group was significantly smaller than that of the control group (p<0.01). The creatine content of the denervated group was smaller than that of the control group, though the difference was not statistically significant. This method is useful for quantifying the creatine content on the order of 10/sup -3/ mol/kg.

  • Effects Of Muscle/nerve Electrical Stimulation On High Nervous Centres In Hemiplegic Spastic Patients

    None

  • Automated quantification of retinal nerve fiber layer atrophy in fundus photograph

    Quantitative analysis of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defect is prerequisite in the early detection and management of glaucoma. A new automatic quantification method to evaluate the degree of RNLF defect has been proposed in this paper. Simple image processing technique is applied to locate optic disc and intensity of the pixels around optic disc is plotted. The area with RNFL defect can be easily determined by comparing the intensity plot of the RNFL and the first derivative of the intensity plot. Through analysis of the plot, thickness of RNFL also can be postulated.

  • Sensibility Assessment For User Interface And Training Program Of An Upper-Limb Rehabilitation Robot, D-SEMUL

    Upper-limb rehabilitation training for hemiplegic patients has been primarily conducted by human therapists, and, hence, their use of training methods and conditions strongly depends on their expertise. The force control and motion sensing functions of rehabilitation robots are expected to be used for the qualitative training/assessment in the next-generation computerized rehabilitation. In this study, we developed a desktop rehabilitation robot for upper limbs (D-SEMUL). In addition, we also assessed the usability of its user interface and the affinity (acceptance) of the training program with a questionnaire for elderly hemiplegic/non-hemiplegic participants (nine hemiplegic, five males and four females and seven non-hemiplegic, two males and five females). The results indicated that the touchscreen is acceptable for the user interface, and the background music used significantly affects the affinity of the program.

  • Development of a system for finding best electrode position for myoelectric hand control for derating of upper limb amputee

    The artificial hand controlled in myoelectric signal is referred to the myoelectric hand. The myoelectric hand controls a switching action of terminal device by changing the voltage of EMG signal generated by the contraction of the muscle remaining upper limb stump. Two signals are necessary to control of switching action. It takes a long time to determine the best point where EMG signal picked up. The aim of this study is the development of a system for finding best electrode position to control a myoelectric hand for derating of upper limb amputee. We developed an electrode position finding system by using "a band-type multi-electrode" and confirmed validity of this system.

  • 3-D Display Of Magnetic Resonance Images

    None

  • Heart Rate Spectral Analysis As An Indicator Of Autonomic Function In Patients With Autonomic Failure

    None

  • Medical electricity. III. Faradism

    Discusses the development of medical electricity with examples of a medical magneto from Sherwood, Joseph Henry's early medical coil, Sherwood's rotary magnetic machine, Sherwood's treatment for curvature of the spine, and Duchenne stimulating the muscles of the hand with his perfected medical coil.<<ETX>>

  • The role of ERK in phasic and tonic contractile responses in rat femoral arteries after hindlimb unloading

    The present study tested the hypothesis that the role of ERK in phasic and tonic contractile responses is declined by hindlimb unloading (HU) in rat femoral arteries. Male Wistar rats were randomised into HU and control group (n=7). After 14d, the femoral arteries were isolated and cut into 3-mm ring segments. In the absence or presence of PD98059(MEK inhibitor), contractile response to NE(10muM) was measured in Krebs solution in a tissue bath at 37degC, isometric tension were recorded with Powerlab system. The area under curve (AUC), phasic and tonic contractile responses between two groups were compared. After 14d-HU, the AUC, phasic and tonic NE-induced contractile responses were declined compared with controls. PD98059 did not affect the AUC in arteries from HU, but significantly decreased the AUC in arteries from control (100plusmn7.1% vs. 61.18plusmn11.3%, P&lt;0.05). In contrast to control, the inhibitory ratio of PD98059 was significantly lower in phasic (7.42plusmn3.24% vs. 33.59plusmn9.19%, P=0.0198) and tonic (26.93plusmn3.78% vs. 46.75plusmn5.67%, P=0.0131) contractile responses of HU group. Moreover, the inhibitory ratio of PD98059 wasn't significantly different between the phasic and tonic contractile responses in control group (P=0.2464). But for HU group, the difference was statistically significant (P=0.002). We demonstrated that the role of ERK was declined in both phasic and tonic contractile responses in rat femoral arteries after hindlimb unloading. Simulated microgravity induced by HU may attenuate the contractile responses of femoral arteries by inhibiting the role of ERK in thick and thin filament regulatory pathways

  • Using deep learning for robustness to parapapillary atrophy in optic disc segmentation

    Optic Disc (OD) segmentation from retinal fundus images is important for many applications such as detecting other optic structures and early detection of glaucoma. One of the major problems in segmenting OD is the presence of Para- papillary Atrophy (PPA) which in many cases looks similar to the OD. Researchers have used many different features to distinguish between PPA and OD, however each of these features has some limitation or the other. In this paper, we propose to use a deep neural network for OD segmentation which can learn features to distinguish PPA from OD. Using simple image intensity based features, the proposed method has the least mean overlapping error (9.7%) among the state-of-the-art works for OD segmentation in fundus images with PPA.



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