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The axilla (or armpit, underarm, or oxter) is the area on the human body directly under the joint where the arm connects to the shoulder. (

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2018 40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE

2018 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

Medical and industrial ultrasonics

2018 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NISS/MIC)

The use of radiation detectors in physics, industry, and medical imaging

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on

All aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.

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Elbow and elbow manipulators are optimal!

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA', u'full_name': u'Brad Paden'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA', u'full_name': u'Shankar Sastry'}] 1985 24th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, None

We show that the elbow manipulators and their duals are the optimal designs for 6R manipulators. The performance measures used are those of work-volume and a property defined herein called well-connected-workspace. It is shown that a 6R manipulator, M, has maximal work-volume and a well-connected- workspace if and only if M or M* (its dual) is an elbow manipulator.

A digital phantom of the axilla based on the Visible Human Project data set

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Biomed. Phys. & Bioeng., Aberdeen Univ., UK', u'full_name': u'S. J. McCallum'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'A. Welch'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'L. Baker'}] 2000 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium. Conference Record (Cat. No.00CH37149), None

Describes the development of a new digital phantom designed for Monte Carlo simulations of breast cancer and particularly PET imaging of the axillary lymph nodes. The phantom was based on data from the Visible Human Project(R) female data set. The phantom covers the head to diaphragm regions; 17 major tissue types were segmented and 66 individual lymph nodes were identified. ...

SPECT breast imaging combining horizontal and vertical axes of rotation

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Radiol., Duke Univ. Med. Center, Durham, NC, USA', u'full_name': u'S. D. Metzler'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'J. E. Bowsher'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'M. P. Tornai'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'full_name': u'B. C. Pieper'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'full_name': u'J. Peter'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'full_name': u'R. J. Jaszczak'}] IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 2002

Vertical-axis-of-rotation (VAOR) geometries, in which a gamma camera orbits a pendulous breast of a prone patient, have been proposed for SPECT breast imaging. Dedicated VAOR systems would be advantageous since they allow for minimal radius of rotation around the breast, which improves resolution- sensitivity tradeoffs, and there is less attenuation and scatter between the breast and the camera. However, the ...

Parallel-beam Tilted-Head analytic SPECT reconstruction

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Biomed. Eng., Duke Univ. Med. Center, Durham, NC, USA', u'full_name': u'B. C. Pieper'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'J. E. Bowsher'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'M. P. Tornai'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'full_name': u'C. N. Archer'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'full_name': u'R. J. Jaszczak'}] 2001 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (Cat. No.01CH37310), None

Parallel-beam Tilted-Head SPECT (TH-SPECT) was previously implemented on a SPECT system for its potential to image breast lesions and nearby axilla of seated, upright women. All TH-SPECT reconstructions will contain artifacts since the tilted orbit does not satisfy the Orlov sampling criteria. However, it is not clear which reconstruction method, if any, is better suited for TH- SPECT data. Here ...

A Model of Length Increases of the Pectoralis Major Muscle to Provide Rehabilitation Precautions for Patients after Mastectomy.

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Associate Professor at the University of Texas Medical Branch, Department of Physical Therapy, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, Texas, 77555-1144, USA. Phone:', u'full_name': u'C. W. Jansen'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'W. L. Buford'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'R. M. Patterson'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'full_name': u'L. J. Gould'}] 2005 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 27th Annual Conference, None

A common complication of breast cancer treatment is the development of shoulder stiffness on the affected side. Rehabilitation interventions exist, but scientific guidelines for safe early motion are lacking. A 3-dimensional model of the shoulder and the pectoralis major muscle was used to interactively generate the total muscle excursion during the simulated motions. From these simulation results it can be ...

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