Backscatter

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In physics, backscatter (or backscattering) is the reflection of waves, particles, or signals back to the direction they came from. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Backscatter

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2018 14th IEEE International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

Process & Device Technologies1. Channel Engineering2. High-k/Metal gate Technology3. Advanced Source/Drain Technology4. Interconnect Technology5. Advanced 3D Integration6. Novel Process Technologies7. Ultra-Thin Body Transistors and Device Variability8. Advanced High-k Metal Gate SoC and High Performance CMOS Platforms 9. CMOS Performance Enhancing and Novel Devices 10. Advanced FinFETs and Nanowire FETs11. CNT, MTJ Devices and Nanowire Photodiodes12. Low- Power and Steep Slope Switching Devices13. Graphene Devices14. Advanced Technologies for Ge MOSFETs15. Organic semiconductor devices and technologies16. Compound semiconductor devices and Technology 17. Ultra High Speed Transistors, HEMT/HBT etc. 18. Advanced Power Devices and Reliability19. Flash Memory20. IT Magnetic RAM21. Resistive RAM

  • 2016 13th IEEE International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

    Process & Device Technologies1. Channel Engineering2. High-k/Metal gate Technology3. Advanced Source/Drain Technology4. Interconnect Technology5. Advanced 3D Integration6. Novel Process Technologies7. Ultra-Thin Body Transistors and Device Variability8. Advanced High-k Metal Gate SoC and High Performance CMOS Platforms 9. CMOS Performance Enhancing and Novel Devices 10. Advanced FinFETs and Nanowire FETs11. CNT, MTJ Devices and Nanowire Photodiodes12. Low- Power and Steep Slope Switching Devices13. Graphene Devices14. Advanced Technologies for Ge MOSFETs15. Organic semiconductor devices and technologies16. Compound semiconductor devices and Technology 17. Ultra High Speed Transistors, HEMT/HBT etc. 18. Advanced Power Devices and Reliability19. Flash Memory20. IT Magnetic RAM21. Resistive RAMs22. Phase Change Memory23. 3-Dimensional Memory24. MEMS Technology25. Thin Film Transistors26. Biosensors27. PV and Energy Harvesting28. Front End of Line (FEOL) R

  • 2014 IEEE 12th International Conference on Solid -State and Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

    Process & Device Technologies1. Channel Engineering2. High-k/Metal gate Technology3. Advanced Source/Drain Technology4. Interconnect Technology5. Advanced 3D Integration6. Novel Process Technologies7. Ultra-Thin Body Transistors and Device Variability8. Advanced High-k Metal Gate SoC and High Performance CMOS Platforms 9. CMOS Performance Enhancing and Novel Devices 10. Advanced FinFETs and Nanowire FETs11. CNT, MTJ Devices and Nanowire Photodiodes12. Low- Power and Steep Slope Switching Devices13. Graphene Devices14. Advanced Technologies for Ge MOSFETs15. Organic semiconductor devices and technologies16. Compound semiconductor devices and Technology 17. Ultra High Speed Transistors, HEMT/HBT etc. 18. Advanced Power Devices and Reliability19. Flash Memory20. IT Magnetic RAM21. Resistive RAMs22. Phase Change Memory23. 3-Dimensional Memory24. MEMS Technology25. Thin Film Transistors26. Biosensors27. PV and Energy Harvesting28. Front End of Line (FEOL) R

  • 2012 IEEE 11th International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

    Silicon IC, Silicon/germanium devices , Interconnect , Low K and High Kdielectric , Advance Memories , nano -electronics, Organic and Compound semiconductor devices ,sensors and MEMS, Semiconductor material erization, Reliability , Modeling and simulation,Packaging and testing , Digital, Analog, Mixed Signal IC and SOC design technology,Low -power, RF devices & circuits, ICCAD

  • 2010 IEEE 10th International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

    Silicon IC, Silicon/germanium devices , Interconnect , Low K and High K dielectric , Advance Memories , nano-electronics, Organic and Compound semiconductor devices , sensors and MEMS, Semiconductor material characterization, Reliability , Modeling and simulation, Packaging and testing , Digital, Analog, Mixed Signal IC and SOC design technology,Low-power, RF devices & circuits, IC CAD .

  • 2008 9th International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated-Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

  • 2006 8th International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated-Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

  • 2004 7th International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated-Circuit Technology (ICSICT)


2018 18th International Workshop on Junction Technology (IWJT)

IWJT is an open forum focused on the needs and interest of the community of a junction formation technology in semiconductors.


2018 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference (APMC)

The conference topics include microwave theory and techniques, and their related technologies and applications. They also include active devices and circuits, passive components, wireless systems, EMC and EMI, wireless power transfer and energy harvesting, antennas and propagation, and others.


2018 European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP)

Antennas & related topics e.g. theoretical methods, systems, wideband, multiband, UWBPropagation & related topics e.g. modelling/simulation, HF, body-area, urbanAntenna & RCS measurement techniques


2018 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC)

ECOC is the leading European conference in the field of optical communication, and one of the most prestigious and long-standing events in this field. Here, the latest progress in optical communication technologies will be reported in selected papers, keynotes, presentations and special symposia.Parallel to the scientific conference, the ECOC exhibition covers a wide range of optical communication products and services.Therefore, ECOC is open to a variety of interested participants like researchers and students, product developers, sales managers and telecommunication market developers. Every year this international forum attracts more than 1,000 scientists and researchers from research institutions and companies from across the world.


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Periodicals related to Backscatter

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Communications Letters, IEEE

Covers topics in the scope of IEEE Transactions on Communications but in the form of very brief publication (maximum of 6column lengths, including all diagrams and tables.)


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Xplore Articles related to Backscatter

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Temporal analysis of JERS-1/SAR images over regenerating forests in Brazilian Amazonia

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Georgr., Southampton Univ., UK', u'full_name': u'T. M. Kuplich'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'P. J. Curran'}] Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 1999. IGARSS '99 Proceedings. IEEE 1999 International, None

For eighteen plots in mature and regenerating forests in Brazilian Amazonia the biomass was estimated and related to backscatter derived from a multitemporal set of JERS-1 L band SAR data. The relationship between backscatter and biomass reached an asymptote at around 60 T ha -1. There was a seasonal dependency in the backscatter of low biomass plots and this was ...


Retrieval of boreal forest parameters from CARABAS image texture

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'VTT Autom. Remote Sensing, Finland', u'full_name': u'A. T. Manninen'}] Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 1999. IGARSS '99 Proceedings. IEEE 1999 International, None

The intensity of CARABAS SAR imagery has previously been used for stem volume retrieval in oak dominated forests. Lately the stem volume of boreal forests has been examined using the backscattered intensity as the starting point. The work presented here is based on studying the standard deviation of the backscattering coefficient σ0 rather than the intensity itself. The logarithm of ...


VHF backscatter sensitivity to forest properties: model predictions

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Radio & Space Sci., Chalmers Univ. of Technol., Goteborg, Sweden', u'full_name': u'G. Smith'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'L. M. H. Ulander'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'J. Askne'}] Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 1999. IGARSS '99 Proceedings. IEEE 1999 International, None

Low frequency SAR has shown great potential for forestry inventory, in particular biomass retrieval. This paper describes a model that has been used to investigate the sensitivity of the scattering to different forest properties. The results show that the scattering mechanisms are different for different tree species. It is also demonstrated that by including the imaging system in the model, ...


RCS measurements of a human hand for radar-based gesture recognition at E-band

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Ulm University, Institute of Microwave Engineering, 89081, Germany', u'full_name': u'Philipp H\xfcgler'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Ulm University, Institute of Microwave Engineering, 89081, Germany', u'full_name': u'Martin Geiger'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Ulm University, Institute of Microwave Engineering, 89081, Germany', u'full_name': u'Christian Waldschmidt'}] 2016 German Microwave Conference (GeMiC), None

This paper presents monostatic radar cross section (RCS) measurements of a human hand in the frequency range from 60GHz to 90 GHz. These values are important parameters for system designs in the emerging field of radar-based gesture recognition. The measurement procedure is described in detail and results of four gestures at three different distances are depicted and analysed.


Electron collision dose enhancement

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Lockheed Martin Missiles & Space, San Jose, CA, USA', u'full_name': u'J. R. Solin'}] IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 2000

High-Z layers in IC packages and on IC die slow and reflect incident electron fluxes much more effectively than low-Z layers. In typical nuclear and space environments, high-Z solder bonds can enhance the electron collision dose by up to 85%, and Au-plated lids can enhance it by up to 50%


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Educational Resources on Backscatter

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Tree‐Based Anti‐Collision Protocols for RFID Tags

    **This book provides an insight into the 'hot' field of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Systems** In this book, the authors provide an insight into the field of RFID systems with an emphasis on networking aspects and research challenges related to passive Ultra High Frequency (UHF) RFID systems. The book reviews various algorithms, protocols and design solutions that have been developed within the area, including most recent advances. In addition, authors cover a wide range of recognized problems in RFID industry, striking a balance between theoretical and practical coverage. Limitations of the technology and state- of-the-art solutions are identified and new research opportunities are addressed. Finally, the book is authored by experts and respected researchers in the field and every chapter is peer reviewed. _Key Features:_ * Provides the most comprehensive analysis of networking aspects of RFID systems, including tag identification pr tocols and reader anti-collision algorithms * Covers in detail major research problems of passive UHF systems such as improving reading accuracy, reading range and throughput * Analyzes other "hot topics" including localization of passive RFID tags, energy harvesting, simulator and emulator design, security and privacy * Discusses design of tag antennas, tag and reader circuits for passive UHF RFID systems * Presents EPCGlobal architecture framework, middleware and protocols * Includes an accompanying website with PowerPoint slides and solutions to the problems ([http://www.site.uottawa.ca/~mbolic/RFIDBook/](http://www.site.uottawa.ca/~mbolic/RFIDBook/)) This book will be an invaluable guide for researchers and graduate students in electrical engineering and computer science, and researchers and developers in telecommunication industry.

  • Backscattering at a Finite-Length Cylinder

    A solid circular cylinder with flat bases is illuminated by the incident plane wave. The scattered field is evaluated for the backscattering direction in the far zone. Physical optics (PO) far fields backscattered by acoustically hard and soft objects differ from each other only in sign. Hence, it is sufficient to exhibit the PO calculations only for the case of scattering at a hard cylinder. This chapter calculates the far field scattered by the left base/disk of the hard cylinder. Most of the maximums in the soft fringe field are located in the vicinity of the angular positions of the minimums of the PO field. The opposite situation is observed for the hard fringe field; its maximums are positioned near the maximums of the PO field. The chapter describes the original Physical theory of Diffraction (PTD) of electromagnetic waves scattered from a finite perfectly conducting cylinder.

  • Security of RFID Systems

    **This is the third revised edition of the established and trusted _RFID Handbook_; the most comprehensive introduction to radio frequency identification (RFID) available.** This essential new edition contains information on electronic product code (EPC) and the EPC global network, and explains near-field communication (NFC) in depth. It includes revisions on chapters devoted to the physical principles of RFID systems and microprocessors, and supplies up-to-date details on relevant standards and regulations. The text explores schematic circuits of simple transponders and readers, and includes new material on active and passive transponders, ISO/IEC 18000 family, ISO/IEC 15691 and 15692. It also describes the technical limits of RFID systems. A unique resource offering a complete overview of the large and varied world of RFID, Klaus Finkenzeller's volume is useful for end-users of the technology as well as practitioners in auto ID and IT designers of RFI products. Computer and electronics engineers in security system development, microchip designers, and materials handling specialists benefit from this book, as do automation, industrial and transport engineers. Clear and thorough explanations also make this an excellent introduction to the topic for graduate level students in electronics and industrial engineering design.

  • Fading Statistics for Multi‐Antenna RF Tags

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction The _M_ × _L_ × _N_ Dyadic Backscatter Channel _M_ × _L_ × _N_ Dyadic Backscatter Channel Envelope PDF Diversity Gains in the Dyadic Backscatter Channel Conclusion Appendix A: Important Small‐Scale Fading Distributions Appendix B: the _M_ × _L_ × _N_ Backscatter Channel PDF Derivation References

  • Coherence in Multiple Scattering and Diagram Method

    This chapter presents an introduction to "backscattering enhancement". It outlines the basic idea of enhanced backscattering in turbulence. Enhanced backscattering occurs in many areas of engineering including scattering from particles, rough surfaces, and turbulence. It is related to "retro reflectance" or "opposition" effects, and observed enhanced backscattering by soils and vegetation. Concerning the enhanced backscattering due to turbulence, a question may be asked about the relationship with power conservation. The conservation of power requires that the enhanced backscattered power needs to be balanced by the decrease of power. It is expected that the enhanced backscattering can occur, not only in turbulence, but for rough surfaces as well. The enhanced backscattering from rough surfaces is important in several applications, including the study of surface plasmon localization in rough‐metal surfaces, phonon localization, and ocean acoustic applications. Finally, the chapter presents simplified heuristic discussions of interesting coherent phenomena in multiple scattering.

  • Link Budgets for Backscatter Radio Systems

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Channel Impairments RFID Portal Example High‐Frequency Multiple Antenna Backscatter Radio Systems Conclusion References

  • Improving Read Ranges and Read Rates for Passive RFID Systems

    **This book provides an insight into the 'hot' field of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Systems** In this book, the authors provide an insight into the field of RFID systems with an emphasis on networking aspects and research challenges related to passive Ultra High Frequency (UHF) RFID systems. The book reviews various algorithms, protocols and design solutions that have been developed within the area, including most recent advances. In addition, authors cover a wide range of recognized problems in RFID industry, striking a balance between theoretical and practical coverage. Limitations of the technology and state- of-the-art solutions are identified and new research opportunities are addressed. Finally, the book is authored by experts and respected researchers in the field and every chapter is peer reviewed. _Key Features:_ * Provides the most comprehensive analysis of networking aspects of RFID systems, including tag identification pr tocols and reader anti-collision algorithms * Covers in detail major research problems of passive UHF systems such as improving reading accuracy, reading range and throughput * Analyzes other "hot topics" including localization of passive RFID tags, energy harvesting, simulator and emulator design, security and privacy * Discusses design of tag antennas, tag and reader circuits for passive UHF RFID systems * Presents EPCGlobal architecture framework, middleware and protocols * Includes an accompanying website with PowerPoint slides and solutions to the problems ([http://www.site.uottawa.ca/~mbolic/RFIDBook/](http://www.site.uottawa.ca/~mbolic/RFIDBook/)) This book will be an invaluable guide for researchers and graduate students in electrical engineering and computer science, and researchers and developers in telecommunication industry.

  • Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Overview * Theory of Rutherford Backscattering * Depth Profiling * Channeling and Blocking * Interface Studies * Summary



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