Basal ganglia

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The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) are a group of nuclei of varied origin in the brains of vertebrates that act as a cohesive functional unit. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Basal ganglia

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2016 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invited sessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering. Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and poster sessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE.

  • 2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The conference will cover diverse topics ranging from biomedical engineering to healthcare technologies to medical and clinical applications. The conference program will consist of invited plenary lectures, symposia, workshops, invited sessions and oral and poster sessions of unsolicited contributions. All papers will be peer reviewed and accepted papers of up to 4 pages will appear in the Conference Proceedings and be indexed by IEEE Xplore and Medline/PubMed.

  • 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invited sessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering. Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and poster sessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE.

  • 2013 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society covers a broad spectrum of topics from biomedical engineering and physics to medical and clinical applications. The conference program will consist of invited plenary lectures, symposia, workshops, invited sessions, oral and poster sessions of unsolicited contributions. All papers will be peer reviewed and accepted papers of up to 4 pages will appear in the Conference Proceedings and be indexed by PubMed and EI. Prop

  • 2012 34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc

  • 2011 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc.

  • 2010 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc

  • 2009 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc


2016 IEEE 13th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2016)

The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forumfor the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2016 willbe the thirteenth meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitatinginteraction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2016 meeting will continue thistradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrativeapproach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2015 IEEE 12th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2015)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2015 will be the 12th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2014 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2014 IEEE 11th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2014)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2014 will be the eleventh meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2014 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2013 IEEE 10th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2013)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2012 IEEE 9th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2012)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2011 IEEE 8th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2011)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2010 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2010)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2009 IEEE 6th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2009)

    Algorithmic, mathematical and computational aspects of biomedical imaging, from nano- to macroscale. Topics of interest include image formation and reconstruction, computational and statistical image processing and analysis, dynamic imaging, visualization, image quality assessment, and physical, biological and statistical modeling. Molecular, cellular, anatomical and functional imaging modalities and applications.


2015 7th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problemsassociated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, theelectrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, theanalysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi -scale from the single -cell and to the systemlevels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implantsand wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2013 6th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problems associated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, the electrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, the analysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi-scale from the single-cell and to the system levels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implants and wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2011 5th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.


2014 American Control Conference - ACC 2014

All areas of the theory and practice of automatic control, including but not limited to network control systems, model predictive control, systems analysis in biology and medicine, hybrid and switched systems, aerospace systems, power and energy systems and control of nano- and micro-systems.

  • 2013 American Control Conference (ACC)

    Control systems theory and practice. Conference themes on sustainability, societal challenges for control, smart healthcare systems. Conference topics include biological systems, vehicle dynamics and control, consensus control, cooperative control, control of communication networks, control of networked systems, control of distributed parameter systems, decentralized control, delay systems, discrete-event systems, fault detection, fault-tolerant systems, flexible structures, flight control, formation flying, fuzzy systems, hybrid systems, system identification, iterative learning control, model predictive control, linear parameter-varying systems, linear matrix inequalities, machine learning, manufacturing systems, robotics, multi-agent systems, neural networks, nonlinear control, observers, optimal control, optimization, path planning, navigation, robust control, sensor fusion, sliding mode control, stochastic systems, switched systems, uncertain systems, game theory.

  • 2012 American Control Conference - ACC 2012

    All areas of control engineering and science.

  • 2011 American Control Conference - ACC 2011

    ACC provides a forum for bringing industry and academia together to discuss the latest developments in the area of Automatic Control Systems, from new control theories, to the advances in sensors and actuator technologies, and to new applications areas for automation.

  • 2010 American Control Conference - ACC 2010

    Theory and practice of automatic control

  • 2009 American Control Conference - ACC 2009

    The 2009 ACC technical program will cover new developments related to theory, application, and education in control science and engineering. In addition to regular technical sessions the program will also feature interactive and tutorial sessions and preconference workshops.

  • 2008 American Control Conference - ACC 2008

  • 2007 American Control Conference - ACC 2007



Periodicals related to Basal ganglia

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on

Imaging methods applied to living organisms with emphasis on innovative approaches that use emerging technologies supported by rigorous physical and mathematical analysis and quantitative evaluation of performance.


Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Rehabilitation aspects of biomedical engineering, including functional electrical stimulation, acoustic dynamics, human performance measurement and analysis, nerve stimulation, electromyography, motor control and stimulation, and hardware and software applications for rehabilitation engineering and assistive devices.




Xplore Articles related to Basal ganglia

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Feasibility of exploratory eye movements in patients with neurological and psychiatric diseases

Yoshinobu Goto; Takeshi Yoshida; Tomonari Hayasaka; Hironobu Nakayama 2009 ICME International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering, 2009

The aim of this study was to elucidate the usefulness of exploratory eye movements (EEMs) in neurological and psychiatric diseases. EEMs were examined with an eye mark recorder while the subjects viewed geometric figures, visual searching tasks or video movie. Mean gazing time (MGT), total number of gazing points (TNGP) and total eye scanning length for gazing points (TESL) were ...


Computational implications of microcircuit specializations in forebrain circuits for motivated action selection

Daniel Bullock; Can Ozan Tan 2009 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 2009

Recent decades have seen dramatic progress in the brain sciences. Much attention has been attracted by non-invasive techniques, such as fMRI, which enable imaging of brain activities that support human cultural behavior, such as language. Less attention is paid to the cumulative progress in neural path- tracing and microcircuit specification in primates. The flood of such information poses a huge ...


Expanding the Go/NoGo depiction of the action of Basal Ganglia pathways

K. Sanjeeva Kumar; R. Maithreye; N. Gupte; V. S Chakravarthy The 2011 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 2011

We present a neuronal network model of Basal Ganglia that departs from the classical Go/NoGo picture of the function of its key pathways - the direct and indirect pathways (DP & IP). The model is instantiated in a simple action selection task. Striatal dopamine is assumed to switch between DP and IP activation. Simulations reveal that between the Go and ...


A Neural Scheme for Procedural Motor Learning of Handwriting

Rosa Senatore; Angelo Marcelli 2012 International Conference on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition, 2012

Handwriting analysis, which requires the detection and examination of distinctive features within the ink traces representing the words, provides a valuable help in several research's fields. In medical field, handwriting analysis provides an useful complement to other clinical investigations in diagnosing many movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease. In forensics, the examination of particular characteristics of the ink trace allows ...


Parameter estimation using the impulse response function for high affinity neuroreceptor ligands in PET

L. Shao; P. Kinahan; R. Ehrenkaufer; J. Greenberg Conference Record of the 1991 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, 1991

A tool for the complex task of multiparameter estimates from positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) data, based on models of high affinity neuroreceptors ligands is presented. A simplified kinetic model of high affinity ligands and the mathematical background for the estimation of an impulse response function (IRF) from measured time activity curves are discussed. ...


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Educational Resources on Basal ganglia

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eLearning

Feasibility of exploratory eye movements in patients with neurological and psychiatric diseases

Yoshinobu Goto; Takeshi Yoshida; Tomonari Hayasaka; Hironobu Nakayama 2009 ICME International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering, 2009

The aim of this study was to elucidate the usefulness of exploratory eye movements (EEMs) in neurological and psychiatric diseases. EEMs were examined with an eye mark recorder while the subjects viewed geometric figures, visual searching tasks or video movie. Mean gazing time (MGT), total number of gazing points (TNGP) and total eye scanning length for gazing points (TESL) were ...


Computational implications of microcircuit specializations in forebrain circuits for motivated action selection

Daniel Bullock; Can Ozan Tan 2009 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 2009

Recent decades have seen dramatic progress in the brain sciences. Much attention has been attracted by non-invasive techniques, such as fMRI, which enable imaging of brain activities that support human cultural behavior, such as language. Less attention is paid to the cumulative progress in neural path- tracing and microcircuit specification in primates. The flood of such information poses a huge ...


Expanding the Go/NoGo depiction of the action of Basal Ganglia pathways

K. Sanjeeva Kumar; R. Maithreye; N. Gupte; V. S Chakravarthy The 2011 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 2011

We present a neuronal network model of Basal Ganglia that departs from the classical Go/NoGo picture of the function of its key pathways - the direct and indirect pathways (DP & IP). The model is instantiated in a simple action selection task. Striatal dopamine is assumed to switch between DP and IP activation. Simulations reveal that between the Go and ...


A Neural Scheme for Procedural Motor Learning of Handwriting

Rosa Senatore; Angelo Marcelli 2012 International Conference on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition, 2012

Handwriting analysis, which requires the detection and examination of distinctive features within the ink traces representing the words, provides a valuable help in several research's fields. In medical field, handwriting analysis provides an useful complement to other clinical investigations in diagnosing many movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease. In forensics, the examination of particular characteristics of the ink trace allows ...


Parameter estimation using the impulse response function for high affinity neuroreceptor ligands in PET

L. Shao; P. Kinahan; R. Ehrenkaufer; J. Greenberg Conference Record of the 1991 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, 1991

A tool for the complex task of multiparameter estimates from positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) data, based on models of high affinity neuroreceptors ligands is presented. A simplified kinetic model of high affinity ligands and the mathematical background for the estimation of an impulse response function (IRF) from measured time activity curves are discussed. ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE.tv Videos

No IEEE.tv Videos are currently tagged "Basal ganglia"

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Editors' Commentary on Part III

    This chapter contains sections titled: Critics, Actors, and Rewarding Behavior, Developing Predictions of Delayed Reinforcement

  • The Contribution of Cortical Neurons to the Firing Pattern of Striata! Spiny Neurons

    This chapter contains sections titled: Is Inhibition Responsible for the Silence of Spiny Neurons?, Inhibition- and Excitation-Based Models can be Distinguished by Predictions on Spatial Patterning, How Many Cortical Synapses Does a Spiny Cell Receive?, Cells of Origin, Corticostriatal Neurons Show State Transitions Similar to Those of Striatal Neurons, Multiple Alternative Patterns of Input May Excite Single Striatal Neurons, References

  • Cognitive and Memory Operations

    Recent years have seen a remarkable expansion of knowledge about the anatomical organization of the part of the brain known as the basal ganglia, the signal processing that occurs in these structures, and the many relations both to molecular mechanisms and to cognitive functions. This book brings together the biology and computational features of the basal ganglia and their related cortical areas along with select examples of how this knowledge can be integrated into neural network models.Organized in four parts - fundamentals, motor functions and working memories, reward mechanisms, and cognitive and memory operations - the chapters present a unique admixture of theory, cognitive psychology, anatomy, and both cellular- and systems- level physiology written by experts in each of these areas. The editors have provided commentaries as a helpful guide to each part.Many new discoveries about the biology of the basal ganglia are summarized, and their impact on the computational role of the forebrain in the planning and control of complex motor behaviors discussed. The various findings point toward an unexpected role for the basal ganglia in the contextual analysis of the environment and in the adaptive use of this information for the planning and execution of intelligent behaviors. Parallels are explored between these findings and new connectionist approaches to difficult control problems in robotics and engineering.Contributors : James L. Adams. P. Apicella. Michael Arbib. Dana H. Ballard. Andrew G. Barto. J. Brian Burns. Christopher I. Connolly. Peter F. Dominey. Richard P. Dum. John Gabrieli. M. Garcia-Munoz. Patricia S. Goldman- Rakic. Ann M. Graybiel. P. M. Groves. Mary M. Hayhoe. J. R. Hollerman. George Houghton. James C. Houk. Stephen Jackson. Minoru Kimura. A. B. Kiri llov. Rolf Kotter. J. C. Linder, T. Ljungberg. M. S. Manley. M. E. Martone. J. Mirenowicz. C. D. Myre. Jeff Pelz. Nathalie Picard. R. Romo. S. F. Sawyer. E Scarnati. Wolfram Schultz. Peter L. Strick. Charles J. Wilson. Jeff Wickens. Donald J. Woodward. S. J. Young.

  • Fundamentals

    Recent years have seen a remarkable expansion of knowledge about the anatomical organization of the part of the brain known as the basal ganglia, the signal processing that occurs in these structures, and the many relations both to molecular mechanisms and to cognitive functions. This book brings together the biology and computational features of the basal ganglia and their related cortical areas along with select examples of how this knowledge can be integrated into neural network models.Organized in four parts - fundamentals, motor functions and working memories, reward mechanisms, and cognitive and memory operations - the chapters present a unique admixture of theory, cognitive psychology, anatomy, and both cellular- and systems- level physiology written by experts in each of these areas. The editors have provided commentaries as a helpful guide to each part.Many new discoveries about the biology of the basal ganglia are summarized, and their impact on the computational role of the forebrain in the planning and control of complex motor behaviors discussed. The various findings point toward an unexpected role for the basal ganglia in the contextual analysis of the environment and in the adaptive use of this information for the planning and execution of intelligent behaviors. Parallels are explored between these findings and new connectionist approaches to difficult control problems in robotics and engineering.Contributors : James L. Adams. P. Apicella. Michael Arbib. Dana H. Ballard. Andrew G. Barto. J. Brian Burns. Christopher I. Connolly. Peter F. Dominey. Richard P. Dum. John Gabrieli. M. Garcia-Munoz. Patricia S. Goldman- Rakic. Ann M. Graybiel. P. M. Groves. Mary M. Hayhoe. J. R. Hollerman. George Houghton. James C. Houk. Stephen Jackson. Minoru Kimura. A. B. Kiri llov. Rolf Kotter. J. C. Linder, T. Ljungberg. M. S. Manley. M. E. Martone. J. Mirenowicz. C. D. Myre. Jeff Pelz. Nathalie Picard. R. Romo. S. F. Sawyer. E Scarnati. Wolfram Schultz. Peter L. Strick. Charles J. Wilson. Jeff Wickens. Donald J. Woodward. S. J. Young.

  • Brain Overview

    This chapter contains sections titled: 2.1 Spinal Cord and Brainstem, 2.2 The Forebrain: An Overview, 2.3 Cortex: Long-Term Memory, 2.4 Basal Ganglia: The Program Sequencer, 2.5 Thalamus: Input and Output, 2.6 Hippocampus: Program Modifications, 2.7 Amygdala: Rating What' s Important, 2.8 How the Brain Programs Itself, 2.9 Summary

  • Modeling the Roles of Basal Ganglia in Timing and Sequencing Saccadic Eye Movements

    This chapter contains sections titled: Basal Ganglia and the Control of Working Memory, Corticostriatal Plasticity, Notes, References

  • State of the artificial rat Psikharpax

    This paper describes the current state of advancement of the Psikharpax project, which aims at producing an artificial rat equipped with control architectures and mechanisms that reproduce as nearly as possible those that have been widely studied in the natural rat. The article first describes the navigation system of Psikharpax, which is inspired from the anatomy and physiology of dedicated structures in the rat's brain, like the hippocampus and the postsubiculum. Then, it defines the animat's action-selection system, which aims at replicating other structures, the basal ganglia. It also explains how navigation and actionselection capacities have been combined thanks to the interconnection of two different ioops in the basal ganglia: a ventral loop that selects the direction of motion, and a dorsal loop that selects other behaviors, like feeding or drinking. Finally, preliminary results on the implementation of learning mechanisms in these structures are also presented.

  • Elements of the Intrinsic Organization and Information Processing in the Neostriatum

    This chapter contains sections titled: Compartmental Organization, Morphology and Interactions of Dopaminergic Afferents, Postsynaptic Interactions Involving Dopamine and Other Afferents, Striatal Interactions Dependent on the Activation of Presynaptic Receptors, Acknowledgments, References

  • Contribution of the Basal Ganglia to Skill Learning and Working Memory in Humans

    This chapter contains sections titled: Skill Learning in Patients with Diseases of the Basal Ganglia, Role of the Basal Ganglia in Skill Learning, Working Memory in Patients with Diseases of the Basal Ganglia, Role of the Basal Ganglia in Working Memory, Conclusion, Acknowledgments, References

  • Information Processing in Modular Circuits Linking Basal Ganglia and Cerebral Cortex

    This chapter contains sections titled: Anatomical Plan of Information Flow, Potential For Pattern Recognition By Striatal Spiny Neurons, Corticothalamic Loops and Working Memory, Use of Registered Contexts in the Control Of Behavior, References



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