Basal ganglia

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The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) are a group of nuclei of varied origin in the brains of vertebrates that act as a cohesive functional unit. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Basal ganglia

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2016 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invited sessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering. Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and poster sessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE.

  • 2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The conference will cover diverse topics ranging from biomedical engineering to healthcare technologies to medical and clinical applications. The conference program will consist of invited plenary lectures, symposia, workshops, invited sessions and oral and poster sessions of unsolicited contributions. All papers will be peer reviewed and accepted papers of up to 4 pages will appear in the Conference Proceedings and be indexed by IEEE Xplore and Medline/PubMed.

  • 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invited sessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering. Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and poster sessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE.

  • 2013 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society covers a broad spectrum of topics from biomedical engineering and physics to medical and clinical applications. The conference program will consist of invited plenary lectures, symposia, workshops, invited sessions, oral and poster sessions of unsolicited contributions. All papers will be peer reviewed and accepted papers of up to 4 pages will appear in the Conference Proceedings and be indexed by PubMed and EI. Prop

  • 2012 34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc

  • 2011 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc.

  • 2010 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc

  • 2009 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc

  • 2007 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

  • 2006 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

  • 2005 27th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)


2016 IEEE 13th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2016)

The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forumfor the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2016 willbe the thirteenth meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitatinginteraction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2016 meeting will continue thistradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrativeapproach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2015 IEEE 12th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2015)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2015 will be the 12th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2014 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2014 IEEE 11th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2014)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2014 will be the eleventh meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2014 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2013 IEEE 10th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2013)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2012 IEEE 9th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2012)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2011 IEEE 8th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2011)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2010 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2010)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2009 IEEE 6th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2009)

    Algorithmic, mathematical and computational aspects of biomedical imaging, from nano- to macroscale. Topics of interest include image formation and reconstruction, computational and statistical image processing and analysis, dynamic imaging, visualization, image quality assessment, and physical, biological and statistical modeling. Molecular, cellular, anatomical and functional imaging modalities and applications.

  • 2006 IEEE 3rd International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2006)


2015 7th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problemsassociated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, theelectrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, theanalysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi -scale from the single -cell and to the systemlevels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implantsand wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2013 6th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problems associated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, the electrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, the analysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi-scale from the single-cell and to the system levels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implants and wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2011 5th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2007 3rd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering

  • 2005 2nd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering


2014 American Control Conference - ACC 2014

All areas of the theory and practice of automatic control, including but not limited to network control systems, model predictive control, systems analysis in biology and medicine, hybrid and switched systems, aerospace systems, power and energy systems and control of nano- and micro-systems.

  • 2013 American Control Conference (ACC)

    Control systems theory and practice. Conference themes on sustainability, societal challenges for control, smart healthcare systems. Conference topics include biological systems, vehicle dynamics and control, consensus control, cooperative control, control of communication networks, control of networked systems, control of distributed parameter systems, decentralized control, delay systems, discrete-event systems, fault detection, fault-tolerant systems, flexible structures, flight control, formation flying, fuzzy systems, hybrid systems, system identification, iterative learning control, model predictive control, linear parameter-varying systems, linear matrix inequalities, machine learning, manufacturing systems, robotics, multi-agent systems, neural networks, nonlinear control, observers, optimal control, optimization, path planning, navigation, robust control, sensor fusion, sliding mode control, stochastic systems, switched systems, uncertain systems, game theory.

  • 2012 American Control Conference - ACC 2012

    All areas of control engineering and science.

  • 2011 American Control Conference - ACC 2011

    ACC provides a forum for bringing industry and academia together to discuss the latest developments in the area of Automatic Control Systems, from new control theories, to the advances in sensors and actuator technologies, and to new applications areas for automation.

  • 2010 American Control Conference - ACC 2010

    Theory and practice of automatic control

  • 2009 American Control Conference - ACC 2009

    The 2009 ACC technical program will cover new developments related to theory, application, and education in control science and engineering. In addition to regular technical sessions the program will also feature interactive and tutorial sessions and preconference workshops.

  • 2008 American Control Conference - ACC 2008

  • 2007 American Control Conference - ACC 2007


2012 4th IEEE RAS & EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (BioRob 2012)

Theoretical and experimental challenges posed by the application of robotics and mechatronics in medicine and biology. Analysis of biological systems from biomechatronic point of view. Design and fabrication of bio-inspired machines. Robotic and mechatronic devices and systems for prevention, diagnosis, surgery, prosthetics, rehabilitation and personal assistance.


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Periodicals related to Basal ganglia

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on

Measurements and instrumentation utilizing electrical and electronic techniques.


Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on

Imaging methods applied to living organisms with emphasis on innovative approaches that use emerging technologies supported by rigorous physical and mathematical analysis and quantitative evaluation of performance.


Neural Networks, IEEE Transactions on

Devoted to the science and technology of neural networks, which disclose significant technical knowledge, exploratory developments, and applications of neural networks from biology to software to hardware. Emphasis is on artificial neural networks.


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Xplore Articles related to Basal ganglia

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Coupled nonparametric shape priors for segmentation of multiple basal ganglia structures

Gokhan Uzunbas; Mujdat Cetin; Gozde Unal; Aytul Ercil 2008 5th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, 2008

This paper presents a new method for multiple structure segmentation, using a maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimation framework, based on prior shape densities involving nonparametric multivariate kernel density estimation of multiple shapes. Our method is motivated by the observation that neighboring or coupling structures in medical images generate configurations and co- dependencies which could potentially aid in segmentation if properly ...


A study of spatial variation in fMRI brain networks via independent vector analysis: Application to schizophrenia

Shruti Gopal; Robyn Miller; Andrew Michael; Tulay Adali; Stefi A. Baum; Vince D. Calhoun 2014 International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in Neuroimaging, 2014

Spatial variability in intrinsic brain networks has not been well studied in fMRI. Independent vector analysis (IVA), is a blind source separation approach that can be used for segregating fMRI data into temporally coherent, maximally spatially independent networks enabling comparison among subjects similar to group independent component analysis (GICA). Using simulated and small sample real data, it has been shown ...


Features for detection of Parkinson's disease tremor from local field potentials of the subthalamic nucleus

Eduard Bakstein; Kevin Warwick; Jonathan Burgess; Øyvind Stavdahl; Tipu Aziz 2010 IEEE 9th International Conference on Cyberntic Intelligent Systems, 2010

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a treatment routinely used to alleviate the symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). In this type of treatment, electrical pulses are applied through electrodes implanted into the basal ganglia of the patient. As the symptoms are not permanent in most patients, it is desirable to develop an on-demand stimulator, applying pulses only when onset of the ...


Modeling and simulation of electric fields generated by brain stimulation electrodes: the effect of cystic cavities in the basal ganglia

M. Astrom; J. D. Johansson; K. Wardell Conference Proceedings. 2nd International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, 2005., 2005

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective method for managing movement disorders. A small electrode is implanted in the basal ganglia and an electric potential is applied to one or more active elements of the electrode in order to simulate the neurons in the surrounding tissue. The fundamental understanding of the mechanisms responsible for the therapeutic DBS effects is unknown. ...


Basal ganglia oscillations: The role of delays and external excitatory nuclei

Ihab Haidar; William Pasillas-Lépine; Elena Panteley; Antoine Chaillet 2013 European Control Conference (ECC), 2013

Basal ganglia are interconnected deep brain structures involved in movement generation. Their beta-band oscillations (13-30Hz) are known to be linked to Parkinson's disease motor symptoms. In this paper, we provide conditions under which these oscillations may occur, by explicitly considering the role of the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN). We analyze the existence of equilibria in the associated firing-rate dynamics and study ...


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Educational Resources on Basal ganglia

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eLearning

Coupled nonparametric shape priors for segmentation of multiple basal ganglia structures

Gokhan Uzunbas; Mujdat Cetin; Gozde Unal; Aytul Ercil 2008 5th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, 2008

This paper presents a new method for multiple structure segmentation, using a maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimation framework, based on prior shape densities involving nonparametric multivariate kernel density estimation of multiple shapes. Our method is motivated by the observation that neighboring or coupling structures in medical images generate configurations and co- dependencies which could potentially aid in segmentation if properly ...


A study of spatial variation in fMRI brain networks via independent vector analysis: Application to schizophrenia

Shruti Gopal; Robyn Miller; Andrew Michael; Tulay Adali; Stefi A. Baum; Vince D. Calhoun 2014 International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in Neuroimaging, 2014

Spatial variability in intrinsic brain networks has not been well studied in fMRI. Independent vector analysis (IVA), is a blind source separation approach that can be used for segregating fMRI data into temporally coherent, maximally spatially independent networks enabling comparison among subjects similar to group independent component analysis (GICA). Using simulated and small sample real data, it has been shown ...


Features for detection of Parkinson's disease tremor from local field potentials of the subthalamic nucleus

Eduard Bakstein; Kevin Warwick; Jonathan Burgess; Øyvind Stavdahl; Tipu Aziz 2010 IEEE 9th International Conference on Cyberntic Intelligent Systems, 2010

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a treatment routinely used to alleviate the symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). In this type of treatment, electrical pulses are applied through electrodes implanted into the basal ganglia of the patient. As the symptoms are not permanent in most patients, it is desirable to develop an on-demand stimulator, applying pulses only when onset of the ...


Modeling and simulation of electric fields generated by brain stimulation electrodes: the effect of cystic cavities in the basal ganglia

M. Astrom; J. D. Johansson; K. Wardell Conference Proceedings. 2nd International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, 2005., 2005

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective method for managing movement disorders. A small electrode is implanted in the basal ganglia and an electric potential is applied to one or more active elements of the electrode in order to simulate the neurons in the surrounding tissue. The fundamental understanding of the mechanisms responsible for the therapeutic DBS effects is unknown. ...


Basal ganglia oscillations: The role of delays and external excitatory nuclei

Ihab Haidar; William Pasillas-Lépine; Elena Panteley; Antoine Chaillet 2013 European Control Conference (ECC), 2013

Basal ganglia are interconnected deep brain structures involved in movement generation. Their beta-band oscillations (13-30Hz) are known to be linked to Parkinson's disease motor symptoms. In this paper, we provide conditions under which these oscillations may occur, by explicitly considering the role of the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN). We analyze the existence of equilibria in the associated firing-rate dynamics and study ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Programs via Reinforcement

    This chapter contains sections titled: 5.1 Evaluating a Program, 5.2 Reinforcement Learning Algorithms, 5.3 Learning in the Basal Ganglia, 5.4 Learning to Set Cortical Synapses, 5.5 Learning to Play Backgammon, 5.6 Backgammon as an Abstract Model, 5.7 Summary

  • Cellular Models of Reinforcement

    This chapter contains sections titled: Dopaminergic Mechanisms in Reinforcement Learning, Dopamine-Mediated Heterosynaptic Plasticity in the Striatum, Integrative Aspects of Reinforcement Learning, Conclusion, Acknowledgments, References

  • Toward a Circuit Model of Working Memory and the Guidance of Voluntary Motor Action

    This chapter contains sections titled: Physiological Features of Prefrontal Neurons Revealed by Delayed-Response Tasks, Inhibition in Memory Circuits, Sensory Coding in Prefrontal Cortex: Role of Local and Long-Tract Corticocortical Connections, Directional Signaling.: Role of the Corticostriatonigral/Pallidal Projections, Pre- and Postsaccadic Neuronal Activity: Possible Role of Thalamic Innervation, Summary: A Circuit Model for Working Memory, References

  • Adaptive Critics and the Basal Ganglia

    This chapter contains sections titled: Reinforcement Learning, The Actor- Critic Architecture, Imminence Weighting, An Input's Value, Learning to Predict, The Adaptive Critic Learning Rule, Effective Reinforcement, The Actor Learning Rule, Neural Implementation, The Case of Terminal Primary Reinforcement, Conclusion, Notes, References

  • Neostriatal Circuitry as a Scalar Memory: Modeling and Ensemble Neuron Recording

    This chapter contains sections titled: Function of Local Neostriatal Circuits --Hypotheses, Simulations of Neostriatal Circuit Models, Neostriatal Switches as a Scalar Memory, Ensemble Neuron Recording in Neostriatum, Summary, Acknowledgments, References

  • The Contribution of Cortical Neurons to the Firing Pattern of Striata! Spiny Neurons

    This chapter contains sections titled: Is Inhibition Responsible for the Silence of Spiny Neurons?, Inhibition- and Excitation-Based Models can be Distinguished by Predictions on Spatial Patterning, How Many Cortical Synapses Does a Spiny Cell Receive?, Cells of Origin, Corticostriatal Neurons Show State Transitions Similar to Those of Striatal Neurons, Multiple Alternative Patterns of Input May Excite Single Striatal Neurons, References

  • Comparing a brain-inspired robot action selection mechanism with ‘winner-takes-all’

    We present a new robotic implementation of a brain-inspired model of action selection described by Gurney et al. (Gurney et al., 2001a, Gurney et al., 2001b) based on neural circuits located in the basal ganglia and thalamus of the vertebrate brain. Compared to an earlier robot implementation (Montes- Gonzalez et al., 2000), the new model demonstrates the capacity of the selection system to produce efficient 'energy' consumption/conversion in a 'feeding/resting' task whilst maintaining essential state variables within a 'zone of viability'. Generating appropriate action selection in this new setting entailed using biologically plausible Sigma-Pi units that can exploit correlated and anti-correlated dependencies between input signals when computing the 'salience' (urgency) of competing actions. A comparison between this brain-inspired selection mechanism and classical 'winner-takes-all' showed that the former can provide better behavioral persistence leading to more efficient energy intake

  • Modeling the Roles of Basal Ganglia in Timing and Sequencing Saccadic Eye Movements

    This chapter contains sections titled: Basal Ganglia and the Control of Working Memory, Corticostriatal Plasticity, Notes, References

  • Editors' Commentary on Part III

    This chapter contains sections titled: Critics, Actors, and Rewarding Behavior, Developing Predictions of Delayed Reinforcement

  • Contributors

    Recent years have seen a remarkable expansion of knowledge about the anatomical organization of the part of the brain known as the basal ganglia, the signal processing that occurs in these structures, and the many relations both to molecular mechanisms and to cognitive functions. This book brings together the biology and computational features of the basal ganglia and their related cortical areas along with select examples of how this knowledge can be integrated into neural network models.Organized in four parts - fundamentals, motor functions and working memories, reward mechanisms, and cognitive and memory operations - the chapters present a unique admixture of theory, cognitive psychology, anatomy, and both cellular- and systems- level physiology written by experts in each of these areas. The editors have provided commentaries as a helpful guide to each part.Many new discoveries about the biology of the basal ganglia are summarized, and their impact on the computational role of the forebrain in the planning and control of complex motor behaviors discussed. The various findings point toward an unexpected role for the basal ganglia in the contextual analysis of the environment and in the adaptive use of this information for the planning and execution of intelligent behaviors. Parallels are explored between these findings and new connectionist approaches to difficult control problems in robotics and engineering.Contributors : James L. Adams. P. Apicella. Michael Arbib. Dana H. Ballard. Andrew G. Barto. J. Brian Burns. Christopher I. Connolly. Peter F. Dominey. Richard P. Dum. John Gabrieli. M. Garcia-Munoz. Patricia S. Goldman- Rakic. Ann M. Graybiel. P. M. Groves. Mary M. Hayhoe. J. R. Hollerman. George Houghton. James C. Houk. Stephen Jackson. Minoru Kimura. A. B. Kiri llov. Rolf Kotter. J. C. Linder, T. Ljungberg. M. S. Manley. M. E. Martone. J. Mirenowicz. C. D. Myre. Jeff Pelz. Nathalie Picard. R. Romo. S. F. Sawyer. E Scarnati. Wolfram Schultz. Peter L. Strick. Charles J. Wilson. Jeff Wickens. Donald J. Woodward. S. J. Young.



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