Basal ganglia

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The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) are a group of nuclei of varied origin in the brains of vertebrates that act as a cohesive functional unit. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Basal ganglia

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2018 7th IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (Biorob)

The RAS/EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics - BioRob 2018 - is a joint effort of the two IEEE Societies of Robotics and Automation - RAS - and Engineering in Medicine and Biology - EMBS.BioRob covers both theoretical and experimental challenges posed by the application of robotics and mechatronics in medicine and biology. The primary focus of Biorobotics is to analyze biological systems from a "biomechatronic" point of view, trying to understand the scientific and engineering principles underlying their extraordinary performance. This profound understanding of how biological systems work, behave and interact can be used for two main objectives: to guide the design and fabrication of novel, high performance bio-inspired machines and systems for many different applications; and to develop novel nano, micro-, macro- devices that can act upon, substitute parts of, and assist human beings in prevention, diagnosis, surgery, prosthetics, rehabilitation.


2018 ELEKTRO

The purpose of the conference is to provide an international forum for researchers and professionals interested in electrical and electronic engineering, information and communication technologies as well as interdisciplinary areas with the main attention to the conference topics.

  • 2016 ELEKTRO

    The conference is the eleventh of the series of international conferences which began in 1995 initially as a national conference with international participation. The conference is organized by the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Žilina, every two years. The purpose of the conference is to provide an international forum for researchers and professionals interested in electrical and electronic engineering, information and communication technologies as well as interdisciplinary areas with the main attention to the conference topics.

  • 2014 ELEKTRO

    The purpose of the conference is to provide an international forum for researchers and professionals interested in electrical and electronic engineering as well as boundary areas with the main attention to the conference topics.

  • 2012 ELEKTRO

    The purpose of the conference is to provide an international forum for researchers and professionals interested in electrical and electronic engineering as well as boundary areas with the main attention to the conference topics.


2018 IEEE 4th Middle East Conference on Biomedical Engineering (MECBME)

It is our pleasure to invite you to participate in the 4st IEEE Middle East Conference on Biomedical Engineering (MECBME 2018), which will be hosted by IEEE Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS) Tunisia chapter and the IEEE Tunisia section, in collaboration with the REGIM-Lab. (University of Sfax, Tunisia).The conference will be held at the Ramada Plaza Hotel in Gammarth - Tunis (Tunisia) from March 28-30, 2018.MECBME 2018 is technically co-sponsored by IEEE Region 8 and IEEE Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS)

  • 2016 3rd Middle East Conference on Biomedical Engineering (MECBME)

    The 3rd Middle East Conference on Biomedical Engineering (MECBME’16) is an international forum for engineers, scientists, and researchers to present their state-of-the-art work in biomedical engineering. It also provides engineers with an opportunity to interact and share their experiences in industry and technology applications. The conference will run for two days. Submitted papers will be peer reviewed.

  • 2014 Middle East Conference on Biomedical Engineering (MECBME)

    The scope of the conference includes Biomedical Signal and Image Processing, Bioinstrumentation; Nanomedicine and Biosensors, Biomedical Circuits and Systems, Neuroengineering; Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Systems, Biophotonics, Bioinformatics, Biomechanics, Artificial Organs and Prosthesis, Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, e-Health, and related areas.

  • 2011 1st Middle East Conference on Biomedical Engineering (MECBME)

    Biomedical Signal and Image Processing Bioinstrumentation; Nanomedicine and Biosensors Biomedical Circuits and Systems Neuroengineering; Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Systems Biomedical Imaging Biophotonics Biomedical System Modeling Bioinformatics Biomechanics; Artificial Organs and Prosthesis Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering Healthcare Information Systems and e-Health Clinical Engineering Nuclear Medicine Bioelectromagnetism Biomedical Education


2018 IEEE-EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES)

IECBES is a series of bi-annual conference since 2010. The conference will provide excellent platform for knowledge exchange between researchers, scientists, academicians and engineers working in the areas of biomedical engineering. It is open for local and international participants.

  • 2016 IEEE EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES)

    IECBES is the flagship conference of EMB Malaysia Chapter. Its scope includes new findings in research areas of Biomedical Engineering with keywords indicated above.

  • 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES)

    Biomedical Signal and Image Processing:Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Neural, Biomedical Instrumentation & Devices: Sensor, Micro / Nano / Wearable Technology,Biomaterial, Biomimetics, Rehabilitation andTherapeutic Health System, Biomedical Modeling and Simulation, Bioinformatics, Biomechanics and medical robotics, Ergonomics & Human Factors,Healthcare Information System, Telemedicine, eHealth, myHealth.

  • 2012 IEEE EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES 2012)

    Biomedical Signal and Image Processing:Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Neural, Biomedical Instrumentation & Devices: Sensor, Micro / Nano / Wearable Technology,Biomaterial, Biomimetics, Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Health System, Biomedical Modeling and Simulation, Bioinformatics, Biomechanics and medical robotics, Ergonomics & Human Factors,Healthcare Information System, Telemedicine, eHealth, myHealth.

  • 2010 IEEE EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES)

    Biomedical Signal and Image Processing: Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Neural Biomedical Instrumentation & Devices: Sensor, micro/ nano/wearable technology, biomaterial, biomimetic Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Health System Biomedical Modelling and Simulation Bioinformatics Biomechanics and medical robotics Healthcare Information System: Telemedicine, eHealth, mHealth


2017 36th Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

variable structure control; vehicle systems control; sensor networks; big data analysis and compressed sampling; nonlinear systems control; nonlinear systems theory; complexity and complex system theory; industrial systems and manufacturing; transportation systems; robust control; fuzzy system and fuzzy control; neural networks; data driven modeling and control; stochastic systems; micro-nano and quantum systems; stability and stabilization; systems modeling and identification; motion control; signal processing and information fusion; intelligent robot; etc.

  • 2016 35th Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    variable structure control; vehicle systems control; sensor networks; big data analysis andcompressed sampling; nonlinear systems control; nonlinear systems theory; complexity andcomplex system theory; industrial systems and manufacturing; transportation systems; robustcontrol; fuzzy system and fuzzy control; neural networks; data driven modeling and control;stochastic systems; micro-nano and quantum systems; stability and stabilization; systemsmodeling and identification; motion control; signal processing and information fusion; intelligentrobot; etc.

  • 2015 34th Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    The Chinese Control Conference (CCC) is an annual international conference initiated by the Technical Committee on Control Theory (TCCT), Chinese Association of Automation (CAA). It provides a forum for scientists and engineers over the world to present their new theoreticalresults and techniques in the field of systems and control. The conference consists of plenary talks, panel discussions, invited sessions, pre-conference workshops, oral sessions and poster sessions etc. for academic exchanges.

  • 2014 33rd Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    variable structure control; vehicle systems control; sensor networks; big data analysis and compressed sampling; nonlinear systems control; nonlinear systems theory; complexity and complex system theory; industrial systems and manufacturing; transportation systems; robust control; fuzzy system and fuzzy control; neural networks; data driven modeling and control; stochastic systems; micro-nano and quantum systems; stability and stabilization; systems modeling and identification; motion control; signal processing and information fusion; intelligent robot; etc.

  • 2013 32nd Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    The Chinese Control Conference (CCC) is an annual international conference initiated by the Technical Committee on Control Theory (TCCT), Chinese Association of Automation (CAA). It provides a forum for scientists and engineers over the world to present their new theoretical results and techniques in the field of systems and control. The conference consists of plenary talks, panel discussions, invited sessions, pre-conference workshops, oral sessions and poster sessions etc. for academic exchanges.

  • 2012 Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    The Chinese Control Conference (CCC) is an annual international conference organized by the Technical Committee on Control Theory (TCCT), Chinese Association of Automation (CAA). It provides a forum for scientists and engineers over the world to present their new theoretical results and techniques in the field of systems and control. The conference consists of pre-conference workshops, plenary talks, panel discussions, invited sessions, oral sessions and poster sessions etc. for academic exchanges.

  • 2011 30th Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    Systems and Control

  • 2010 29th Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    S1 System Theory and Control Theory S2 Nonlinear Systems and Control S3 Complexity and Complex System Theory S4 Distributed Parameter Systems S5 Stability and Stabilization S6 Large Scale Systems S7 Stochastic Systems S8 System Modeling and System Identification S9 DEDS and Hybrid Systems S10 Optimal Control S11 Optimization and Scheduling S12 Robust Control S13 Adaptive Control and Learning Control S14 Variable Structure Control S15 Neural

  • 2008 Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    The Chinese Control Conference (CCC) is an annual international conference organized by Tech. Com. on Control Theory, CAA. It provides a forum for scientists and engineers over the world to present their new theoretical results and techniques in the field of systems and control. The conference consists of plenary talks, panel discussions, oral and poster sessions etc. for academic exchanges. The conference proceedings have been selected for coverage in ISI proceedings/ISTP (Index to Scientific and Technical

  • 2007 Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    The CCC is an annual international conference organized by Tech. Com. on Control Theory, CAA. It provides a forum for scientists and engineers over the world to present their new theoretical results and techniques in the field of systems and control. The conference consists of pre-conference workshops, plenary talks, oral and poster sessions etc. for academic exchanges. The 26th CCC is organized by the Central South University and will be held in Zhangjiajie.

  • 2006 Chinese Control Conference (CCC)


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Periodicals related to Basal ganglia

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Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on

Measurements and instrumentation utilizing electrical and electronic techniques.


Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on

Imaging methods applied to living organisms with emphasis on innovative approaches that use emerging technologies supported by rigorous physical and mathematical analysis and quantitative evaluation of performance.


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Xplore Articles related to Basal ganglia

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Computational implications of microcircuit specializations in forebrain circuits for motivated action selection

Daniel Bullock; Can Ozan Tan 2009 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 2009

Recent decades have seen dramatic progress in the brain sciences. Much attention has been attracted by non-invasive techniques, such as fMRI, which enable imaging of brain activities that support human cultural behavior, such as language. Less attention is paid to the cumulative progress in neural path- tracing and microcircuit specification in primates. The flood of such information poses a huge ...


Insights from control theory into deep brain stimulation for relief from Parkinson's disease

Clare M. Davidson; Annraoi M. de Paor; Madeleine M. Lowery 2012 ELEKTRO, 2012

Using ideas from control theory. i.e., the root locus method, Lyapunov's theorem of the first approximation, the describing function, Nyquist stability theory and the concept of the equivalent nonlinearity associated with dither injection in a nonlinear feedback loop, the phenomenon of quenching of pathological neural oscillations by deep brain stimulation is explored. The model used contains a second order unstable, ...


Prospective Optimization

Terrence J. Sejnowski; Howard Poizner; Gary Lynch; Sergei Gepshtein; Ralph J. Greenspan Proceedings of the IEEE, 2014

Human performance approaches that of an ideal observer and optimal actor in some perceptual and motor tasks. These optimal abilities depend on the capacity of the cerebral cortex to store an immense amount of information and to flexibly make rapid decisions. However, behavior only approaches these limits after a long period of learning while the cerebral cortex interacts with the ...


Learning to generate temporal sequences by models of frontal lobes

N. R. Taylor; J. G. Taylor Neural Networks, 1999. IJCNN '99. International Joint Conference on, 1999

Possible architectures for the storage and retrieval of temporal sequences are investigated using a cartoon version of the frontal lobes (the ACTION net), based loosely on actual frontal architecture. A particular version of the architecture is developed which gives similar temporal patterns of single neurone activity as observed experimentally in monkeys. The underlying principles involved in the manner that chunking ...


RatCar system for estimating locomotion states using neural signals with parameter monitoring: Vehicle-formed brain-machine interfaces for rat

Osamu Fukayama; Noriyuki Taniguchi; Takafumi Suzuki; Kunihiko Mabuchi 2008 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2008

An online brain-machine interface (BMI) in the form of a small vehicle, the "RatCar," has been developed. A rat had neural electrodes implanted in its primary motor cortex and basal ganglia regions to continuously record neural signals. Then, a linear state space model represents a correlation between the recorded neural signals and locomotion states (i.e., moving velocity and azimuthal variances) ...


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Educational Resources on Basal ganglia

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eLearning

Computational implications of microcircuit specializations in forebrain circuits for motivated action selection

Daniel Bullock; Can Ozan Tan 2009 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 2009

Recent decades have seen dramatic progress in the brain sciences. Much attention has been attracted by non-invasive techniques, such as fMRI, which enable imaging of brain activities that support human cultural behavior, such as language. Less attention is paid to the cumulative progress in neural path- tracing and microcircuit specification in primates. The flood of such information poses a huge ...


Insights from control theory into deep brain stimulation for relief from Parkinson's disease

Clare M. Davidson; Annraoi M. de Paor; Madeleine M. Lowery 2012 ELEKTRO, 2012

Using ideas from control theory. i.e., the root locus method, Lyapunov's theorem of the first approximation, the describing function, Nyquist stability theory and the concept of the equivalent nonlinearity associated with dither injection in a nonlinear feedback loop, the phenomenon of quenching of pathological neural oscillations by deep brain stimulation is explored. The model used contains a second order unstable, ...


Prospective Optimization

Terrence J. Sejnowski; Howard Poizner; Gary Lynch; Sergei Gepshtein; Ralph J. Greenspan Proceedings of the IEEE, 2014

Human performance approaches that of an ideal observer and optimal actor in some perceptual and motor tasks. These optimal abilities depend on the capacity of the cerebral cortex to store an immense amount of information and to flexibly make rapid decisions. However, behavior only approaches these limits after a long period of learning while the cerebral cortex interacts with the ...


Learning to generate temporal sequences by models of frontal lobes

N. R. Taylor; J. G. Taylor Neural Networks, 1999. IJCNN '99. International Joint Conference on, 1999

Possible architectures for the storage and retrieval of temporal sequences are investigated using a cartoon version of the frontal lobes (the ACTION net), based loosely on actual frontal architecture. A particular version of the architecture is developed which gives similar temporal patterns of single neurone activity as observed experimentally in monkeys. The underlying principles involved in the manner that chunking ...


RatCar system for estimating locomotion states using neural signals with parameter monitoring: Vehicle-formed brain-machine interfaces for rat

Osamu Fukayama; Noriyuki Taniguchi; Takafumi Suzuki; Kunihiko Mabuchi 2008 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2008

An online brain-machine interface (BMI) in the form of a small vehicle, the "RatCar," has been developed. A rat had neural electrodes implanted in its primary motor cortex and basal ganglia regions to continuously record neural signals. Then, a linear state space model represents a correlation between the recorded neural signals and locomotion states (i.e., moving velocity and azimuthal variances) ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Chemical Neuromodulation of Goal-Directed Behavior

    Directing our behavior adequately to current goals requires a trade-off between cognitive flexibility and cognitive stability. In this chapter, empirical data and theories are reviewed which show that this trade-off depends on optimal modulation of frontostriatal circuitry by the major ascending neuromodulatory systems of dopamine, noradrenaline, and acetylcholine. Highlighted are the roles of dopamine in (a) the prefrontal cortex in the stabilization of goal-relevant representations and (b) in the basal ganglia in the flexible updating of those representations. The cognitive neurochemistry of cognitive flexibility is, however, complex, with different forms of flexibility implicating subcortical and/or cortical dopamine, noradrenaline, and/or acetylcholine. The review concludes with a number of open questions raised by attempts to reconcile the different, complementary theories about the neurochemistry of the flexibility-stability trade-off.

  • Search, Goals, and the Brain

    The process of cognitive search invokes a purposeful and iterative process by which an organism considers information of a potentially diverse nature and selects a particular option that best matches the appropriate criteria. This chapter focuses on the neurobiological basis of such a goal-directed search by parsing the process into its main components, suggested here as initiation, identification of search space, deliberation, action selection, and evaluation and search termination. Unexpected uncertainty is suggested as a key trigger for the onset of the search process. Current data posit that this is represented in the anterior cingulate, parietal, and inferior frontal cortices, suggesting these areas could be particularly important in search initiation. A change in motivational state, likely signaled by a wide range of brain regions including the amygdala, can also play a role at this stage. The neural structures which represent the set of to-be-searched options may vary depending on the search domain (e.g., spatial, visual, linguistic). During deliberation, predictions regarding the consequences of selecting these options are generated and compared, implicating areas of frontal cortex as well as the hippocampus and striatum, which are known to play a role in different aspects of outcome evaluation. Action planning and selection likely involve an interplay between the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia, whereas search termination could involve the specific neural networks implicated in response inhibition. The influence exerted over the search process by the major ascending neuromodulators (dopamine, norepinephrine/noradrenaline, serotonin, and acetylcholine) is also considered, and a particularly critical role suggested for dopamine and noradrenaline, given their ability to influence cognitive flexibility and arousal. Finally, pathologies of search processes are discussed, both with respect to brain damage and psychiatric illness.

  • Editors' Commentary on Part III

    This chapter contains sections titled: Critics, Actors, and Rewarding Behavior, Developing Predictions of Delayed Reinforcement

  • Cellular Models of Reinforcement

    This chapter contains sections titled: Dopaminergic Mechanisms in Reinforcement Learning, Dopamine-Mediated Heterosynaptic Plasticity in the Striatum, Integrative Aspects of Reinforcement Learning, Conclusion, Acknowledgments, References

  • Cognitive and Memory Operations

    Recent years have seen a remarkable expansion of knowledge about the anatomical organization of the part of the brain known as the basal ganglia, the signal processing that occurs in these structures, and the many relations both to molecular mechanisms and to cognitive functions. This book brings together the biology and computational features of the basal ganglia and their related cortical areas along with select examples of how this knowledge can be integrated into neural network models.Organized in four parts - fundamentals, motor functions and working memories, reward mechanisms, and cognitive and memory operations - the chapters present a unique admixture of theory, cognitive psychology, anatomy, and both cellular- and systems- level physiology written by experts in each of these areas. The editors have provided commentaries as a helpful guide to each part.Many new discoveries about the biology of the basal ganglia are summarized, and their impact on the computational role of the forebrain in the planning and control of complex motor behaviors discussed. The various findings point toward an unexpected role for the basal ganglia in the contextual analysis of the environment and in the adaptive use of this information for the planning and execution of intelligent behaviors. Parallels are explored between these findings and new connectionist approaches to difficult control problems in robotics and engineering.Contributors : James L. Adams. P. Apicella. Michael Arbib. Dana H. Ballard. Andrew G. Barto. J. Brian Burns. Christopher I. Connolly. Peter F. Dominey. Richard P. Dum. John Gabrieli. M. Garcia-Munoz. Patricia S. Goldman- Rakic. Ann M. Graybiel. P. M. Groves. Mary M. Hayhoe. J. R. Hollerman. George Houghton. James C. Houk. Stephen Jackson. Minoru Kimura. A. B. Kiri llov. Rolf Kotter. J. C. Linder, T. Ljungberg. M. S. Manley. M. E. Martone. J. Mirenowicz. C. D. Myre. Jeff Pelz. Nathalie Picard. R. Romo. S. F. Sawyer. E Scarnati. Wolfram Schultz. Peter L. Strick. Charles J. Wilson. Jeff Wickens. Donald J. Woodward. S. J. Young.

  • Adaptive Critics and the Basal Ganglia

    This chapter contains sections titled: Reinforcement Learning, The Actor- Critic Architecture, Imminence Weighting, An Input's Value, Learning to Predict, The Adaptive Critic Learning Rule, Effective Reinforcement, The Actor Learning Rule, Neural Implementation, The Case of Terminal Primary Reinforcement, Conclusion, Notes, References

  • Front Matter

    This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, Computational Neuroscience, Title, Copyright, Contents, Series Foreword, Preface

  • Contribution of the Basal Ganglia to Skill Learning and Working Memory in Humans

    This chapter contains sections titled: Skill Learning in Patients with Diseases of the Basal Ganglia, Role of the Basal Ganglia in Skill Learning, Working Memory in Patients with Diseases of the Basal Ganglia, Role of the Basal Ganglia in Working Memory, Conclusion, Acknowledgments, References

  • Editors' Commentary on Part IV

    This chapter contains sections titled: Similarity of Cognitive and Motor Operations, Allocating Attention, Working Memory Strategies, Settling into Working Memories, Concluding Remarks

  • Toward a Circuit Model of Working Memory and the Guidance of Voluntary Motor Action

    This chapter contains sections titled: Physiological Features of Prefrontal Neurons Revealed by Delayed-Response Tasks, Inhibition in Memory Circuits, Sensory Coding in Prefrontal Cortex: Role of Local and Long-Tract Corticocortical Connections, Directional Signaling.: Role of the Corticostriatonigral/Pallidal Projections, Pre- and Postsaccadic Neuronal Activity: Possible Role of Thalamic Innervation, Summary: A Circuit Model for Working Memory, References



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