Biosphere

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Our biosphere is the global sum of all ecosystems. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Biosphere

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2012 12th Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment (MicroRad)

Suggested topics of MicroRad 2012 - spaceborne observations, ground-based and airborne campaigns, theoretical models, and retrieval algorithms for microwave radiometry of: soil and vegetation, snow and cryosphere, oceans, atmospheric temperature and water vapor, clouds and precipitation; synergy between passive and active microwave systems, cross calibration of spaceborne radiometers, advances in instruments and techniques, calibration theory and methodology, RFI and spectrum management.


2012 2nd International Conference on Remote Sensing, Environment and Transportation Engineering (RSETE)

RSETE 2012 aims to provide a high-level international forum for researchers and engineers to present and discuss recent advances, new techniques and applications in the field of environment such as remote sensing, transportation, as well as environment engineering, etc.


2012 2nd International Symposium on Environment-Friendly Energies and Applications (EFEA)

EFEA is a forum to discuss the recent developments in the areas of environment friendly energies and their applications. The topic includes energy policy, electric and hybrid vehicles, solar, geothermal, wind and tidal energy systems and much more.


2012 IEEE 38th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Discuss the latest technology in the field of Photovoltaics.


2012 IEEE Green Technologies Conference

The annual IEEE Green Technologies Conference provides a continuing forum for engineers, technologists, and enthusiasts alike to consider all aspects of green alternative solutions; from energy generation and distribution solutions including solar, nuclear, bio, battery, and wind to green architectural solutions for the home and business.


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Periodicals related to Biosphere

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Computing in Science & Engineering

Physics, medicine, astronomy—these and other hard sciences share a common need for efficient algorithms, system software, and computer architecture to address large computational problems. And yet, useful advances in computational techniques that could benefit many researchers are rarely shared. To meet that need, Computing in Science & Engineering (CiSE) presents scientific and computational contributions in a clear and accessible format. ...


Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on

EMC standards; measurement technology; undesired sources; cable/grounding; filters/shielding; equipment EMC; systems EMC; antennas and propagation; spectrum utilization; electromagnetic pulses; lightning; radiation hazards; and Walsh functions


Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE

It is expected that GRS Letters will apply to a wide range of remote sensing activities looking to publish shorter, high-impact papers. Topics covered will remain within the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Societys field of interest: the theory, concepts, and techniques of science and engineering as they apply to the sensing of the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space; and ...


Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on

Theory, concepts, and techniques of science and engineering as applied to sensing the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space; and the processing, interpretation, and dissemination of this information.


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Xplore Articles related to Biosphere

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Jules Verne Network. Federating and extending efforts to outreach Earth sciences

V. Rosmorduc IGARSS 2003. 2003 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. Proceedings (IEEE Cat. No.03CH37477), 2003

We propose, within an international framework, to bring together scientists, engineers, teachers and science communicators to raise awareness among a broad spectrum of audiences of the current state of Earth science knowledge, especially what we have learned through space-based observations.


Extended Subspace Method for Remote Sensing Image Classification

Hasi Bagan; Wataru Takeuchi; Buhe Aosier; Masami Kaneko; Xiaohui Wang; Yoshifumi Yasuoka IGARSS 2008 - 2008 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2008

This study proposes an extended subspace method (ESM) in feature extraction and dimension-reduction problems for land cover classification of hyperspectral and multi-spectral remote sensing images. The main idea of our method is to use a multiple similarity method (MSM) onto an averaged learning subspace method (ALSM) and makes use of fidelity value criteria in the selection of the optimal subspace ...


Combining reactive and deliberative agents for complete ecosystems in infospheres

F. L. Gandon IEEE/WIC International Conference on Intelligent Agent Technology, 2003. IAT 2003., 2003

The diversity of resources and information in real infospheres calls for artificial ecosystems with a diversity of interacting agents ranging from reactive to deliberative paradigms and maintaining the information ecology. After discussing the notion of infosphere and some interests of the XML family for such a world, this paper provides examples showing the interest of such hybrid systems.


Knowledge and sustainability: can the planet survive human cognition?

L. J. Leduc Proceedings 1995 Interdisciplinary Conference: Knowledge Tools for a Sustainable Civilization. Fourth Canadian Conference on Foundations and Applications of General Science Theory, 1995

Earth has run a successful biosphere for about three billion years. While the Earth process has experienced both periods of stability and periods of transition the overall process has been one of growing creativity and complexification. The emergence of human consciousness and reflective thought offered a unique mode of planetary self-awareness and self-expression. Can the planet successfully integrate the consciousness ...


Lunar-solar power system

D. R. Criswell IEEE Potentials, 1996

Solar power must become the primary source of commercial power for everyone in the world to achieve the same high standard of living. A power system is needed that is independent of Earth's biosphere and provides abundant energy at low cost. To do this mankind must collect dependable solar power in space and reliably send it to receivers on Earth. ...


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Educational Resources on Biosphere

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eLearning

Jules Verne Network. Federating and extending efforts to outreach Earth sciences

V. Rosmorduc IGARSS 2003. 2003 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. Proceedings (IEEE Cat. No.03CH37477), 2003

We propose, within an international framework, to bring together scientists, engineers, teachers and science communicators to raise awareness among a broad spectrum of audiences of the current state of Earth science knowledge, especially what we have learned through space-based observations.


Extended Subspace Method for Remote Sensing Image Classification

Hasi Bagan; Wataru Takeuchi; Buhe Aosier; Masami Kaneko; Xiaohui Wang; Yoshifumi Yasuoka IGARSS 2008 - 2008 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2008

This study proposes an extended subspace method (ESM) in feature extraction and dimension-reduction problems for land cover classification of hyperspectral and multi-spectral remote sensing images. The main idea of our method is to use a multiple similarity method (MSM) onto an averaged learning subspace method (ALSM) and makes use of fidelity value criteria in the selection of the optimal subspace ...


Combining reactive and deliberative agents for complete ecosystems in infospheres

F. L. Gandon IEEE/WIC International Conference on Intelligent Agent Technology, 2003. IAT 2003., 2003

The diversity of resources and information in real infospheres calls for artificial ecosystems with a diversity of interacting agents ranging from reactive to deliberative paradigms and maintaining the information ecology. After discussing the notion of infosphere and some interests of the XML family for such a world, this paper provides examples showing the interest of such hybrid systems.


Knowledge and sustainability: can the planet survive human cognition?

L. J. Leduc Proceedings 1995 Interdisciplinary Conference: Knowledge Tools for a Sustainable Civilization. Fourth Canadian Conference on Foundations and Applications of General Science Theory, 1995

Earth has run a successful biosphere for about three billion years. While the Earth process has experienced both periods of stability and periods of transition the overall process has been one of growing creativity and complexification. The emergence of human consciousness and reflective thought offered a unique mode of planetary self-awareness and self-expression. Can the planet successfully integrate the consciousness ...


Lunar-solar power system

D. R. Criswell IEEE Potentials, 1996

Solar power must become the primary source of commercial power for everyone in the world to achieve the same high standard of living. A power system is needed that is independent of Earth's biosphere and provides abundant energy at low cost. To do this mankind must collect dependable solar power in space and reliably send it to receivers on Earth. ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Biomass Burning and Climate

    The burning of biomass - forests, grasslands, and agricultural fields after the harvest - is much more widespread and extensive than previously believed; most biomass burning is thought to be initiated by humans and is on the increase. This comprehensive volume is the first to consider biomass burning as a global phenomenon and to assess its impact on the atmosphere, on climate, and on the biosphere itself. The 63 chapters by 158 scientists - including leading biomass burn researchers from third-world countries, such as Brazil, Nigeria, Zaire, India, and China, where biomass burning is so prevalent - point to biomass burning as a significant driver of global change on our planet.Global Biomass Burning provides a convenient and current reference on such topics as the remote sensing of biomass burning from space, the geographical distribution of burning; the combustion products of burning in tropical, temperate, and boreal ecosystems; burning as a global source of atmospheric gases and particulates; the impact of biomass burning gases and particulates on global climate; and the role of biomass burning on biodiversity and past global extinctions.Also included are contributions on the importance of biomass burning from the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program: A Study of Global Change and from the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project, as well as policy options prepared by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for managing biomass burning to mitigate global climate change.Joel S. Levine is Senior Research Scientist in the Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center and is the Principal Investigator of NASA's research program on global biomass burning, Biospheric Research Program, Office of Space Sciences and Applications.

  • People and Food

    This chapter contains sections titled: Basal Metabolism, Thermoregulation, Pregnancy and Lactation, Human Growth, Walking and Running, Labor and Leisure, Grains, Bread, Lipids and Meat, Milk, Ethanol

  • Preindustrial Societies

    This chapter contains sections titled: Hunters and Gatherers, Shifting Cultivation, Traditional Agricultures, Cattle, Horses, Wood, Charcoal, and Straw, Waterwheels, Windmills, Copper, Iron, and Steel, Gunpowder, Sailships

  • Grand Patterns: Energetic and Other Essentials

    This chapter contains sections titled: Energy in the Biosphere, Energy and Civilization, The Challenges Ahead

  • Fossil-Fueled Civilization

    This chapter contains sections titled: Fossil Fuels and Electricity, Coals, Crude Oils, Natural Gases, Steam Engines, Steam Turbines, Water Turbines, Fission Reactors, Transmission, Electric Motors, Lights, Internal Combustion Engines, Gas Turbines, Blast Furnaces, Aluminum, Nitrogen, Nuclear Weapons

  • Biomass Burning: Laboratory Studies

    The burning of biomass - forests, grasslands, and agricultural fields after the harvest - is much more widespread and extensive than previously believed; most biomass burning is thought to be initiated by humans and is on the increase. This comprehensive volume is the first to consider biomass burning as a global phenomenon and to assess its impact on the atmosphere, on climate, and on the biosphere itself. The 63 chapters by 158 scientists - including leading biomass burn researchers from third-world countries, such as Brazil, Nigeria, Zaire, India, and China, where biomass burning is so prevalent - point to biomass burning as a significant driver of global change on our planet.Global Biomass Burning provides a convenient and current reference on such topics as the remote sensing of biomass burning from space, the geographical distribution of burning; the combustion products of burning in tropical, temperate, and boreal ecosystems; burning as a global source of atmospheric gases and particulates; the impact of biomass burning gases and particulates on global climate; and the role of biomass burning on biodiversity and past global extinctions.Also included are contributions on the importance of biomass burning from the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program: A Study of Global Change and from the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project, as well as policy options prepared by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for managing biomass burning to mitigate global climate change.Joel S. Levine is Senior Research Scientist in the Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center and is the Principal Investigator of NASA's research program on global biomass burning, Biospheric Research Program, Office of Space Sciences and Applications.

  • Appendix

    Energy in Nature and Society is a systematic and exhaustive analysis of all the major energy sources, storages, flows, and conversions that have shaped the evolution of the biosphere and civilization. Vaclav Smil uses fundamental unifying metrics (most notably for power density and energy intensity) to provide an integrated framework for analyzing all segments of energetics (the study of energy flows and their transformations). The book explores not only planetary energetics (such as solar radiation and geomorphic processes) and bioenergetics (photosynthesis, for example) but also human energetics (such as metabolism and thermoregulation), tracing them from hunter-gatherer and agricultural societies through modern-day industrial civilization. Included are chapters on heterotrophic conversions, traditional agriculture, preindustrial complexification, fossil fuels, fossil-fueled civilization, the energetics of food, and the implications of energetics for the environment. The book concludes with an examination of general patterns, trends, and socioeconomic considerations of energy use today, looking at correlations between energy and value, energy and the economy, energy and quality of life, and energy futures. Throughout the book, Smil chooses to emphasize the complexities and peculiarities of the real world, and the counterintuitive outcomes of many of its processes, over abstract models. Energy in Nature and Society provides a unique, comprehensive, single-volume analysis and reference source on all important energy matters, from natural to industrial energy flows, from fuels to food, from the Earth's formation to possible energy futures, and can serve as a text for courses in energy studies, global ecology, earth systems science, biology, and chemistry. Vaclav Smil is Distinguished Professor at the University of Manitoba and the author of many books, including Energy at the Crossroads (2003), The Earth's Biosphere: Evolution, Dynamics, and Change (2002), and Energies: An Illustrated Guide to the Biosphere and Civilization (1998), all of which are published by The MIT Press.

  • Transportation and Information

    This chapter contains sections titled: Trains, Ships, Bicycles, Cars, Airplanes, Rockets, Pipelines, Tankers, Telephones, Radio and Television, Computers and Microchips

  • Biomass Burning: Historic and Prehistoric Perspectives

    The burning of biomass - forests, grasslands, and agricultural fields after the harvest - is much more widespread and extensive than previously believed; most biomass burning is thought to be initiated by humans and is on the increase. This comprehensive volume is the first to consider biomass burning as a global phenomenon and to assess its impact on the atmosphere, on climate, and on the biosphere itself. The 63 chapters by 158 scientists - including leading biomass burn researchers from third-world countries, such as Brazil, Nigeria, Zaire, India, and China, where biomass burning is so prevalent - point to biomass burning as a significant driver of global change on our planet.Global Biomass Burning provides a convenient and current reference on such topics as the remote sensing of biomass burning from space, the geographical distribution of burning; the combustion products of burning in tropical, temperate, and boreal ecosystems; burning as a global source of atmospheric gases and particulates; the impact of biomass burning gases and particulates on global climate; and the role of biomass burning on biodiversity and past global extinctions.Also included are contributions on the importance of biomass burning from the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program: A Study of Global Change and from the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project, as well as policy options prepared by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for managing biomass burning to mitigate global climate change.Joel S. Levine is Senior Research Scientist in the Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center and is the Principal Investigator of NASA's research program on global biomass burning, Biospheric Research Program, Office of Space Sciences and Applications.

  • The End and the Beginning

    This chapter contains sections titled: Stockholm, The Medal, Booting up the Biosphere, And Here a Miracle Happens, The End



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