Biosphere

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Our biosphere is the global sum of all ecosystems. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Biosphere

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2018 Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

The Conference addresses the discipline of systemsengineering, including theory, technology, methodology,and applications of complex systems, system-of-systems,and integrated systems of national and globalsignificance. It focuses on Systems Engineering for Complex Systems; and the conference caters to both practitioners andacademics, providing a forum to exchange ideas andexperiences on technology, methodology, applications,study cases, and practical experiences.

  • 2019 IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

    addresses the discipline of systems engineering,including theory, technology, methodology, andapplications of complex systems, system-of-systems,and integrated systems of national and globalsignificance.

  • 2017 Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The IEEE International Systems Conference facilitates interactions among communities of interest on system-level problems andapplications. System-level thinking is essential in the worldtoday, not only for technical systems, but also for societyat large. The Conference addresses the discipline of systemsengineering, including theory, technology, methodology,and applications of complex systems, system-of-systems,and integrated systems of national and globalsignificance.

  • 2016 Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The theme of the IEEE International SystemsConference is Engineering of Complex Systems, to includeSystems-of-systems, Systems Engineering, Systems Integration,and Systems Thinking

  • 2015 Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The theme of the IEEE International Systems Conference is Engineering of Complex Systems, to include Systems-of-systems, Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2014 8th Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    This conference seeks to create an interactive forum forthe advancement of the practice of systems engineeringacross the multiple disciplines and specialty areasassociated with the engineering of complex systems. Theconference will provide a venue for systems engineeringpractitioners, managers, researchers, and educators toexchange innovative concepts, ideas, applications, andlessons learned addressing: Applications-oriented topics on large-scale systemsand system-of-systems in topics noted below

  • 2013 7th Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    Conference addresses systems, complex systems, systems-of-systems, critical systems, and the systems engineering disciplines needed to implement such large-scale or complex systems in the international arena.

  • 2012 6th Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-Systems Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2011 IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

    IEEE International Systems Conference Scope is Engineering of Complex Systems, to include Systems-of-systems, Large-scale Systems Integration, and Systems Engineering and Systems Thinking.

  • 2010 4th Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    The theme of the IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-systems Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2009 3rd Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    Engineering Comles Integtared Systems and Systems-of-Systems - Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking

  • 2008 2nd Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    The theme of the IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-systems- Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2007 1st Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    The theme of the IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-systems - Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.


2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC & 34th EU PVSEC)

Promote science and engineering of photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and applications


2018 IEEE Aerospace Conference

The international IEEE Aerospace Conference is organized to promote interdisciplinaryunderstanding of aerospace systems, their underlying science, and technology


2018 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC)

IEEE CEC is the leading event in the field of evolutionary computation, and covers all topics in evolutionary computation from theory to applications.


2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM)

All topics related to engineering and technology management, including applicable analyticalmethods and economical/social/human issues to be considered in making engineeringdecisions.


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Periodicals related to Biosphere

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Computing in Science & Engineering

Physics, medicine, astronomy—these and other hard sciences share a common need for efficient algorithms, system software, and computer architecture to address large computational problems. And yet, useful advances in computational techniques that could benefit many researchers are rarely shared. To meet that need, Computing in Science & Engineering (CiSE) presents scientific and computational contributions in a clear and accessible format. ...


Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on

EMC standards; measurement technology; undesired sources; cable/grounding; filters/shielding; equipment EMC; systems EMC; antennas and propagation; spectrum utilization; electromagnetic pulses; lightning; radiation hazards; and Walsh functions


Energy Conversion, IEEE Transaction on

Research, development, design, application, construction, installation, and operation of electric power generating facilities (along with their conventional, nuclear, or renewable sources) for the safe, reliable, and economic generation of electrical energy for general industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption, and electromechanical energy conversion for the use of electrical energy


Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE

It is expected that GRS Letters will apply to a wide range of remote sensing activities looking to publish shorter, high-impact papers. Topics covered will remain within the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Societys field of interest: the theory, concepts, and techniques of science and engineering as they apply to the sensing of the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space; and ...


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Xplore Articles related to Biosphere

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Climate, vegetation phenology and forest fires in Siberia

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'University of Leicester, Department of Geography, LE1 7RH, UK', u'full_name': u'Heiko Balzter'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire, PE28 2LS, UK', u'full_name': u'France Gerard'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Climate and Land Surface Systems Interaction Centre, University of Swansea, Department of Geography Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Wales, UK', u'full_name': u'Graham Weedon'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Climate and Land Surface Systems Interaction Centre, University of Swansea, Department of Geography Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Wales, UK', u'full_name': u'Will Grey'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Climate and Land Surface Systems Interaction Centre, University of Swansea, Department of Geography Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Wales, UK', u'full_name': u'Sietse Los'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, I - 21020 Ispra (VA), Italy', u'full_name': u'Bruno Combal'}, {u'author_order': 7, u'affiliation': u'Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, I - 21020 Ispra (VA), Italy', u'full_name': u'Etienne Bartholome'}, {u'author_order': 8, u'affiliation': u'Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences 117997, 84/32 Moscow, Russia', u'full_name': u'Sergey Bartalev'}] 2007 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, None

A time series of 18 years of fAPAR (fraction of photosynthetically active radiation absorbed by the green parts of vegetation) data from the NOAA AVHRR instrument series was analyzed for interannual variations in the start, peak, end and length of the season of vegetation photosynthetic activity in Central and East Siberia. Variations in these indicators of seasonality can give important ...


A scheme for an embodied artificial intelligence

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'School of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand', u'full_name': u'R. C. Flemmer'}] 2009 4th International Conference on Autonomous Robots and Agents, None

A method is presented to construct an embodied artificial intelligence. The method grows out of a system for object recognition in artificial vision and relies upon such a capability. Examples from the biosphere are extensively discussed in coming to the method which has, as its central tenet, that all intelligence is fundamentally related to objects. All the aspects needed by ...


Ecology, Aquaculture And Space Colonies

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA', u'full_name': u'J. Hanson'}] Proceedings OCEANS '83, None

Recent research results show that very small autotrophic/heterotrophic assemblages open to energy but totally isolated from exchanges of matter with external systems persist for years and probably indefinitely. General and specific ecological thermodynamic hypothesis for the behavior of such systems have been proposed and are being tested. Meanwhile, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has initiated a program aimed ...


Combining reactive and deliberative agents for complete ecosystems in infospheres

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pitsburgh, PA, USA', u'full_name': u'F. L. Gandon'}] IEEE/WIC International Conference on Intelligent Agent Technology, 2003. IAT 2003., None

The diversity of resources and information in real infospheres calls for artificial ecosystems with a diversity of interacting agents ranging from reactive to deliberative paradigms and maintaining the information ecology. After discussing the notion of infosphere and some interests of the XML family for such a world, this paper provides examples showing the interest of such hybrid systems.


Assessment of the Forestry Carbon Sink Capacity in China

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'College of Economics and Management, Northeast Forestry University, P.R.China, 150040', u'full_name': u'Li Shun-long'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'College of Economics and Management, Northeast Forestry University, P.R.China, 150040', u'full_name': u'Xi Ting-ting'}] 2006 International Conference on Management Science and Engineering, None

The movement of carbon in the land biosphere is very active. The carbon exchange occurs between the land biosphere and the atmosphere frequently, which is called the activist carbon circulation. Therefore, in addition to forestation and protecting the forests, enhancing the forests management may also make a significant contribution to mitigating the green house effect. Based on several studies, the ...


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Educational Resources on Biosphere

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eLearning

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IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Group Report: Long-term Geosphere-Biosphere Coevolution and Astrobiology

    This discussion group attempted a qualitatively new synthesis of long-term geosphere--biosphere coevolution, with the aim of understanding and presenting to the other groups the broadest possible context in which to consider Earth system analysis for sustainability. This included the prospects for detecting life and intelligence elsewhere in the Universe, as debated by astrobiology. The chemoton model of life comprising three autocatalytic subsystems (boundary, metabolic, genetic) was adopted. The topology of evolution was characterized as a network in the prokaryote realm and as a tree (or bush) in the eukaryote realm. It was agreed that prokaryotic life is common in the Universe but that eukaryotic life is rare and intelligent life is extremely rare. The appearance of intelligent life on a planet might theoretically involve four or five difficult evolutionary transitions along the way. These probably include the origins of the genetic code, of oxygenic photosynthesis, of eukaryotes, and of language. Optimistic and pessimistic scenarios for the long-term coevolution of the geosphere--biosphere were contrasted. A key finding was that dating of the major transitions in evolution and, to a lesser extent, dating of the major transitions in the state of the environment are subject to large error bars that need to be reduced in order to address the causal relationships of coevolution. A major output was a visualization of a time line of coevolution that includes these uncertainties. New suggestions of coevolutionary connections were also made. The feasibility of unequivocal life detection on extrasolar planets was questioned, but it was recognized that astrobiology is already encouraging a useful broadening of Earth system analysis. The failure of the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) and the apparent difficulty of the transition to natural langua ge support the view that intelligence (or at least natural language) is extremely rare in the Universe. Habitation was defined as a first-order influence of life on the geochemical cycling of a planet, and it may be important for the maintenance of habitability. Theoretical considerations as well as Earth history suggests that there are limits (albeit rather broad ones) on how globally destructive life can become. A proposal was made to extend an existing model of global coevolution to address this and other Gaia questions. An "autocatalytic Gaia" hypothesis was put forward to suggest that autocatalytic recycling is an almost inevitable planetary phenomenon, once there is life. This is a natural extension of the autocatalytic theory of life (the chemoton model). Some broad lessons of sustainability can be learned from Gaia and the unfolding coevolution of life and its environment on Earth, in particular, the importance of avoiding long time lags for maintaining system stability.

  • Index

    Energy is the only universal currency. One of its many forms must be transformed into another in order for stars to shine, planets to rotate, living things to grow, and civilizations to evolve. Recognition of this universality was one of the great achievements of nineteenth-century science, yet even today there is little literature that tries to view the world broadly through the prism of energy.In this highly original book, ecologist Vaclav Smil takes the principle of universality seriously, presenting a comprehensive and integrated survey of all the forms of energy that shape our world, from the sun to the human body, from bread to microchips. Written in a scientifically sophisticated yet accessible style, Energies consists of eighty-two short essays organized under six headings: Sun and Earth, Plants and Animals, People and Food, Preindustrial Societies, Fossil-Fueled Civilization, and Motion and Information. Each essay explains the science of the energy form as well as its implications for the functioning of the universe, life, or human society. Cross-links and summary diagrams allow easy comparisons among the various levels and flows of energy.

  • Further Reading

    Energy is the only universal currency. One of its many forms must be transformed into another in order for stars to shine, planets to rotate, living things to grow, and civilizations to evolve. Recognition of this universality was one of the great achievements of nineteenth-century science, yet even today there is little literature that tries to view the world broadly through the prism of energy.In this highly original book, ecologist Vaclav Smil takes the principle of universality seriously, presenting a comprehensive and integrated survey of all the forms of energy that shape our world, from the sun to the human body, from bread to microchips. Written in a scientifically sophisticated yet accessible style, Energies consists of eighty-two short essays organized under six headings: Sun and Earth, Plants and Animals, People and Food, Preindustrial Societies, Fossil-Fueled Civilization, and Motion and Information. Each essay explains the science of the energy form as well as its implications for the functioning of the universe, life, or human society. Cross-links and summary diagrams allow easy comparisons among the various levels and flows of energy.

  • Transportation and Information

    This chapter contains sections titled: Trains, Ships, Bicycles, Cars, Airplanes, Rockets, Pipelines, Tankers, Telephones, Radio and Television, Computers and Microchips

  • Fossil-Fueled Civilization

    This chapter contains sections titled: Fossil Fuels and Electricity, Coals, Crude Oils, Natural Gases, Steam Engines, Steam Turbines, Water Turbines, Fission Reactors, Transmission, Electric Motors, Lights, Internal Combustion Engines, Gas Turbines, Blast Furnaces, Aluminum, Nitrogen, Nuclear Weapons

  • Preindustrial Societies

    This chapter contains sections titled: Hunters and Gatherers, Shifting Cultivation, Traditional Agricultures, Cattle, Horses, Wood, Charcoal, and Straw, Waterwheels, Windmills, Copper, Iron, and Steel, Gunpowder, Sailships

  • People and Food

    This chapter contains sections titled: Basal Metabolism, Thermoregulation, Pregnancy and Lactation, Human Growth, Walking and Running, Labor and Leisure, Grains, Bread, Lipids and Meat, Milk, Ethanol

  • Plants and Animals

    This chapter contains sections titled: Adenosine Triphosphate, Archaea and Bacteria, Photosynthesis, C3 and C4 Plants, Phytoplankton, Forests, Grasslands, Heterotrophic Metabolism, Reproduction, Growth, Ectotherms and Endotherms, Food Chains, Herbivores, Carnivores, Swimming, Running and Jumping, Flying

  • Sun and Earth

    This chapter contains sections titled: Sun, Solar Radiation, Atmosphere, Planet Earth, Winds, Rains, Oceans, Rivers, Earth's Heat, Geotectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Denudation, Space Encounters

  • Front Matter

    This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, Also by Vaclav Smil, Title, Copyright, Dedications, Contents, Acknowledgments, Energy's Unique Allure: An Unorthodox Look, An Overview Of Concepts And Units



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