Biosphere

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Our biosphere is the global sum of all ecosystems. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Biosphere

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2018 Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

The Conference addresses the discipline of systemsengineering, including theory, technology, methodology,and applications of complex systems, system-of-systems,and integrated systems of national and globalsignificance. It focuses on Systems Engineering for Complex Systems; and the conference caters to both practitioners andacademics, providing a forum to exchange ideas andexperiences on technology, methodology, applications,study cases, and practical experiences.

  • 2019 IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

    addresses the discipline of systems engineering,including theory, technology, methodology, andapplications of complex systems, system-of-systems,and integrated systems of national and globalsignificance.

  • 2017 Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The IEEE International Systems Conference facilitates interactions among communities of interest on system-level problems andapplications. System-level thinking is essential in the worldtoday, not only for technical systems, but also for societyat large. The Conference addresses the discipline of systemsengineering, including theory, technology, methodology,and applications of complex systems, system-of-systems,and integrated systems of national and globalsignificance.

  • 2016 Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The theme of the IEEE International SystemsConference is Engineering of Complex Systems, to includeSystems-of-systems, Systems Engineering, Systems Integration,and Systems Thinking

  • 2015 Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The theme of the IEEE International Systems Conference is Engineering of Complex Systems, to include Systems-of-systems, Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2014 8th Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    This conference seeks to create an interactive forum forthe advancement of the practice of systems engineeringacross the multiple disciplines and specialty areasassociated with the engineering of complex systems. Theconference will provide a venue for systems engineeringpractitioners, managers, researchers, and educators toexchange innovative concepts, ideas, applications, andlessons learned addressing: Applications-oriented topics on large-scale systemsand system-of-systems in topics noted below

  • 2013 7th Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    Conference addresses systems, complex systems, systems-of-systems, critical systems, and the systems engineering disciplines needed to implement such large-scale or complex systems in the international arena.

  • 2012 6th Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-Systems Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2011 IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

    IEEE International Systems Conference Scope is Engineering of Complex Systems, to include Systems-of-systems, Large-scale Systems Integration, and Systems Engineering and Systems Thinking.

  • 2010 4th Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    The theme of the IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-systems Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2009 3rd Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    Engineering Comles Integtared Systems and Systems-of-Systems - Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking

  • 2008 2nd Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    The theme of the IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-systems- Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2007 1st Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    The theme of the IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-systems - Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.


2018 IEEE 45th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Promote science and engineering of photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and applications


2018 IEEE Aerospace Conference

The international IEEE Aerospace Conference is organized to promote interdisciplinaryunderstanding of aerospace systems, their underlying science, and technology


2018 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC)

IEEE CEC is the leading event in the field of evolutionary computation, and covers all topics in evolutionary computation from theory to applications.


2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM)

All topics related to engineering and technology management, including applicable analyticalmethods and economical/social/human issues to be considered in making engineeringdecisions.


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Periodicals related to Biosphere

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Computing in Science & Engineering

Physics, medicine, astronomy—these and other hard sciences share a common need for efficient algorithms, system software, and computer architecture to address large computational problems. And yet, useful advances in computational techniques that could benefit many researchers are rarely shared. To meet that need, Computing in Science & Engineering (CiSE) presents scientific and computational contributions in a clear and accessible format. ...


Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on

EMC standards; measurement technology; undesired sources; cable/grounding; filters/shielding; equipment EMC; systems EMC; antennas and propagation; spectrum utilization; electromagnetic pulses; lightning; radiation hazards; and Walsh functions


Energy Conversion, IEEE Transaction on

Research, development, design, application, construction, installation, and operation of electric power generating facilities (along with their conventional, nuclear, or renewable sources) for the safe, reliable, and economic generation of electrical energy for general industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption, and electromechanical energy conversion for the use of electrical energy


Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE

It is expected that GRS Letters will apply to a wide range of remote sensing activities looking to publish shorter, high-impact papers. Topics covered will remain within the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Societys field of interest: the theory, concepts, and techniques of science and engineering as they apply to the sensing of the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space; and ...


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Xplore Articles related to Biosphere

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Lunar solar power

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Inst. for Space Syst. Operations, Houston Univ., TX, USA', u'full_name': u'D. R. Criswell'}] IEEE Potentials, 2004

The Earth continually intercepts ∼175,000 terawatts of solar power. However, just a fraction of this sunlight is captured every year by the biosphere in the form of newly separated atmospheric carbon and oxygen, mostly from water. Each year the trees, grasses and grains of the continents' biomass capture thermal energy, in the form of new plant mass, but only ∼0.03% ...


The Interaction of Static and Alternating Electric Fields with Biological Systems

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA', u'full_name': u'Michael A. Epstein'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA', u'full_name': u'Gordon W. Ondra'}] IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 1976

A discussion is presented regarding the presence of natural and man-made electric fields in our environment. It is seen that biological objects readily come into contact with such fields. The interaction of some biological objects with electric fields is presented as well as original experimentation in this area. One experiment discussed deals with the influence of a 245 V/in (96.5 ...


The future global Earth observing system: system requirements and architecture

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA', u'full_name': u'P. Hildebrand'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA', u'full_name': u'M. Schoeberl'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA', u'full_name': u'W. Wiscomb'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA', u'full_name': u'M. Albjerg'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'full_name': u'M. Mlynczak'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'full_name': u'C. Raymond'}, {u'author_order': 7, u'full_name': u'R. Ferraro'}, {u'author_order': 8, u'full_name': u'T. Miller'}, {u'author_order': 9, u'full_name': u'R. Miller'}, {u'author_order': 10, u'full_name': u'D. Petersen'}] IGARSS 2003. 2003 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. Proceedings (IEEE Cat. No.03CH37477), None

This paper summarizes the observational requirements for a future Earth System Observational and Modelling capability, in terms of the observed variables, the needed precision, and the spatial-temporal resolution. Architectural approaches are discussed, including an open-systems, evolutionary, sensor-Web approach.


A Glimpse on Environmental Probes

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Math., Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA', u'full_name': u'Craig C. Douglas'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Comput. & Appl. Math., LNCC (Nat. Lab. for Sci. Comput.), Petrópolis, Brazil', u'full_name': u'Mauricio Vieira Kritz'}] 2012 11th International Symposium on Distributed Computing and Applications to Business, Engineering & Science, None

Environmental systems and landscapes are extremely complex systems whose observation is difficult, resulting in incomplete observations scattered in time and space with respect to relevant factors. They are ever changing systems far from thermo-dynamical equilibrium. Moreover, the nature of these observations typically varies from one environmental sphere to all others. We address the problem of obtaining systematic and extensive enough ...


An assessment of the MODIS vegetation index compositing algorithm using quality assurance flags and Sun/view angles

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Dept. of Soil, Water & Environ. Sci., Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ, USA', u'full_name': u'T. Miura'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'A. R. Huete'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'K. Didan'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'full_name': u'W. J. D. van Leeuwen'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'full_name': u'H. Yoshioka'}] IGARSS 2000. IEEE 2000 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. Taking the Pulse of the Planet: The Role of Remote Sensing in Managing the Environment. Proceedings (Cat. No.00CH37120), None

The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) products, as derived from the NOAA AVHRR sensor series, have been shown useful for the studies of the land biosphere characteristics and dynamics at regional to global scales. Standard pre-processing in generating these AVHRR NDVI products include the compositing process, in which the highest NDVI value from a series of multitemporal georeferenced images is ...


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Educational Resources on Biosphere

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eLearning

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Group Report: Long-term Geosphere-Biosphere Coevolution and Astrobiology

    This discussion group attempted a qualitatively new synthesis of long-term geosphere--biosphere coevolution, with the aim of understanding and presenting to the other groups the broadest possible context in which to consider Earth system analysis for sustainability. This included the prospects for detecting life and intelligence elsewhere in the Universe, as debated by astrobiology. The chemoton model of life comprising three autocatalytic subsystems (boundary, metabolic, genetic) was adopted. The topology of evolution was characterized as a network in the prokaryote realm and as a tree (or bush) in the eukaryote realm. It was agreed that prokaryotic life is common in the Universe but that eukaryotic life is rare and intelligent life is extremely rare. The appearance of intelligent life on a planet might theoretically involve four or five difficult evolutionary transitions along the way. These probably include the origins of the genetic code, of oxygenic photosynthesis, of eukaryotes, and of language. Optimistic and pessimistic scenarios for the long-term coevolution of the geosphere--biosphere were contrasted. A key finding was that dating of the major transitions in evolution and, to a lesser extent, dating of the major transitions in the state of the environment are subject to large error bars that need to be reduced in order to address the causal relationships of coevolution. A major output was a visualization of a time line of coevolution that includes these uncertainties. New suggestions of coevolutionary connections were also made. The feasibility of unequivocal life detection on extrasolar planets was questioned, but it was recognized that astrobiology is already encouraging a useful broadening of Earth system analysis. The failure of the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) and the apparent difficulty of the transition to natural langua ge support the view that intelligence (or at least natural language) is extremely rare in the Universe. Habitation was defined as a first-order influence of life on the geochemical cycling of a planet, and it may be important for the maintenance of habitability. Theoretical considerations as well as Earth history suggests that there are limits (albeit rather broad ones) on how globally destructive life can become. A proposal was made to extend an existing model of global coevolution to address this and other Gaia questions. An "autocatalytic Gaia" hypothesis was put forward to suggest that autocatalytic recycling is an almost inevitable planetary phenomenon, once there is life. This is a natural extension of the autocatalytic theory of life (the chemoton model). Some broad lessons of sustainability can be learned from Gaia and the unfolding coevolution of life and its environment on Earth, in particular, the importance of avoiding long time lags for maintaining system stability.

  • Preindustrial Societies

    This chapter contains sections titled: Hunters and Gatherers, Shifting Cultivation, Traditional Agricultures, Cattle, Horses, Wood, Charcoal, and Straw, Waterwheels, Windmills, Copper, Iron, and Steel, Gunpowder, Sailships

  • Sun and Earth

    This chapter contains sections titled: Sun, Solar Radiation, Atmosphere, Planet Earth, Winds, Rains, Oceans, Rivers, Earth's Heat, Geotectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Denudation, Space Encounters

  • Fossil-Fueled Civilization

    This chapter contains sections titled: Fossil Fuels and Electricity, Coals, Crude Oils, Natural Gases, Steam Engines, Steam Turbines, Water Turbines, Fission Reactors, Transmission, Electric Motors, Lights, Internal Combustion Engines, Gas Turbines, Blast Furnaces, Aluminum, Nitrogen, Nuclear Weapons

  • Plants and Animals

    This chapter contains sections titled: Adenosine Triphosphate, Archaea and Bacteria, Photosynthesis, C3 and C4 Plants, Phytoplankton, Forests, Grasslands, Heterotrophic Metabolism, Reproduction, Growth, Ectotherms and Endotherms, Food Chains, Herbivores, Carnivores, Swimming, Running and Jumping, Flying

  • Transportation and Information

    This chapter contains sections titled: Trains, Ships, Bicycles, Cars, Airplanes, Rockets, Pipelines, Tankers, Telephones, Radio and Television, Computers and Microchips

  • People and Food

    This chapter contains sections titled: Basal Metabolism, Thermoregulation, Pregnancy and Lactation, Human Growth, Walking and Running, Labor and Leisure, Grains, Bread, Lipids and Meat, Milk, Ethanol

  • Front Matter

    This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, Also by Vaclav Smil, Title, Copyright, Dedications, Contents, Acknowledgments, Energy's Unique Allure: An Unorthodox Look, An Overview Of Concepts And Units

  • Index

    Energy is the only universal currency. One of its many forms must be transformed into another in order for stars to shine, planets to rotate, living things to grow, and civilizations to evolve. Recognition of this universality was one of the great achievements of nineteenth-century science, yet even today there is little literature that tries to view the world broadly through the prism of energy.In this highly original book, ecologist Vaclav Smil takes the principle of universality seriously, presenting a comprehensive and integrated survey of all the forms of energy that shape our world, from the sun to the human body, from bread to microchips. Written in a scientifically sophisticated yet accessible style, Energies consists of eighty-two short essays organized under six headings: Sun and Earth, Plants and Animals, People and Food, Preindustrial Societies, Fossil-Fueled Civilization, and Motion and Information. Each essay explains the science of the energy form as well as its implications for the functioning of the universe, life, or human society. Cross-links and summary diagrams allow easy comparisons among the various levels and flows of energy.

  • Further Reading

    Energy is the only universal currency. One of its many forms must be transformed into another in order for stars to shine, planets to rotate, living things to grow, and civilizations to evolve. Recognition of this universality was one of the great achievements of nineteenth-century science, yet even today there is little literature that tries to view the world broadly through the prism of energy.In this highly original book, ecologist Vaclav Smil takes the principle of universality seriously, presenting a comprehensive and integrated survey of all the forms of energy that shape our world, from the sun to the human body, from bread to microchips. Written in a scientifically sophisticated yet accessible style, Energies consists of eighty-two short essays organized under six headings: Sun and Earth, Plants and Animals, People and Food, Preindustrial Societies, Fossil-Fueled Civilization, and Motion and Information. Each essay explains the science of the energy form as well as its implications for the functioning of the universe, life, or human society. Cross-links and summary diagrams allow easy comparisons among the various levels and flows of energy.



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