Breast biopsy

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Several methods for a breast biopsy now exist. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Breast biopsy

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2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore


2019 IEEE 16th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI)

The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging.ISBI 2019 will be the 16th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2019 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering cross fertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.


2019 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

The conference covers all aspects of the technology associated with ultrasound generation and detection and their applications.


2019 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC)

This conference is the annual premier meeting on the use of instrumentation in the Nuclear and Medical fields. The meeting has a very long history of providing an exciting venue for scientists to present their latest advances, exchange ideas, renew existing collaboration and form new ones. The NSS portion of the conference is an ideal forum for scientists and engineers in the field of Nuclear Science, radiation instrumentation, software engineering and data acquisition. The MIC is one of the most informative venues on the state-of-the art use of physics, engineering, and mathematics in Nuclear Medicine and related imaging modalities, such as CT and increasingly so MRI, through the development of hybrid devices


2019 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)

Flagship conference of the robotics and automation society, a premiere international venue for international robotics researchers


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Periodicals related to Breast biopsy

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in

The IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering will review the state-of-the-art and trends in the emerging field of biomedical engineering. This includes scholarly works, ranging from historic and modern development in biomedical engineering to the life sciences and medicine enabled by technologies covered by the various IEEE societies.


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on

Serves as a compendium for papers on the technological advances in control engineering and as an archival publication which will bridge the gap between theory and practice. Papers will highlight the latest knowledge, exploratory developments, and practical applications in all aspects of the technology needed to implement control systems from analysis and design through simulation and hardware.


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


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Xplore Articles related to Breast biopsy

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Computerized thermal breast imaging revisited: an adjunctive tool to mammography

Proceedings of the 20th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Vol.20 Biomedical Engineering Towards the Year 2000 and Beyond (Cat. No.98CH36286), 1998

Physical examination and mammography are the primary methods for the detection of breast cancer, but lead to a high rate of benign biopsies. A digital thermal imaging system was developed as an adjunct to mammography to aid in the differentiation of benign from malignant lesions. Patients scheduled for biopsy were enrolled after informed consent. Prior to biopsy, digital thermal images ...


Segmentation of digitized mammograms using self-organizing maps in a breast cancer computer aided diagnosis system

VII Brazilian Symposium on Neural Networks, 2002. SBRN 2002. Proceedings., 2002

The objective of this work is to develop a digitized mammogram feature extraction approach using Kohonen's self-organizing maps (SOM). Once developed, the SOM network can be used as the first processing stage in a breast cancer computer aided diagnosis system. Its role is to offer segmented data as input to a second stage dedicated to the diagnosis task, which is ...


3-D snake for US in margin evaluation for malignant breast tumor excision using mammotome

IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, 2003

The goal of this paper is to use the three-dimensional (3-D) snake technique in 3-D ultrasound to obtain the tumor contour for the pre- and the post- operative malignant breast excision by the vacuum assisted biopsy instrument Mammotome. This technique of assessing the margin of two can help the physician to evaluate the effect of the surgery. By using the ...


Contrast-enhanced color flow images for cancer diagnosis using neovascularity as an indicator

Proceedings of the IEEE 28th Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference (IEEE Cat. No.02CH37342), 2002

Noninvasive contrast-enhanced color flow images (CFI) may be used to increase the accuracy of breast tumor diagnoses, using tumor neovascularity as an indicator. For neovascular quantification, color pixel densities (CPD) were calculated in CFI images taken pre- and postinjection of contrast agent in 17 patients with breast tumors. CPD values were used in regression analysis with microvessel density (MVID) and ...


On the design and development of a breast biopsy navigation system: Path generation algorithm and system with its GUI evaluation

IEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics (BHI), 2014

Breast cancer is a major problem for women throughout the world. It is the second most common factor for women's death. Therefore, early detection by breast biopsy is a necessary process for decreasing the mortality rate. In the breast biopsy process, a surgical specialist is required. Moreover, the traditional breast biopsy procedure is based on 2D real-time ultrasound images guidance, ...


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Educational Resources on Breast biopsy

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Computerized thermal breast imaging revisited: an adjunctive tool to mammography

    Physical examination and mammography are the primary methods for the detection of breast cancer, but lead to a high rate of benign biopsies. A digital thermal imaging system was developed as an adjunct to mammography to aid in the differentiation of benign from malignant lesions. Patients scheduled for biopsy were enrolled after informed consent. Prior to biopsy, digital thermal images were acquired of each breast during a 3.5 minute procedure. A probability of malignancy was assigned to each pixel, based on comparative statistical analysis of the thermal response features from the test subjects with data derived from lesions of known pathology. One hundred and seventeen female patients (125 suspicious lesions) were included, with a 24% true malignancy rate. Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curves (Sensitivity vs. 1-Specificity) were generated based on various features of the cooling model. Based on the ROC curve analysis, 36/95 benign biopsies (38%) could have been avoided using this technology, while maintaining a sensitivity of 96%. Digital thermal imaging appears to be a valuable adjunct to mammography in the management of breast lesions, potentially decreasing the number of benign biopsies. Multi-institutional FDA clinical trials are currently underway.

  • Segmentation of digitized mammograms using self-organizing maps in a breast cancer computer aided diagnosis system

    The objective of this work is to develop a digitized mammogram feature extraction approach using Kohonen's self-organizing maps (SOM). Once developed, the SOM network can be used as the first processing stage in a breast cancer computer aided diagnosis system. Its role is to offer segmented data as input to a second stage dedicated to the diagnosis task, which is implemented via a multilayer perceptron trained by the backpropagation algorithm.

  • 3-D snake for US in margin evaluation for malignant breast tumor excision using mammotome

    The goal of this paper is to use the three-dimensional (3-D) snake technique in 3-D ultrasound to obtain the tumor contour for the pre- and the post- operative malignant breast excision by the vacuum assisted biopsy instrument Mammotome. This technique of assessing the margin of two can help the physician to evaluate the effect of the surgery. By using the anisotropic diffusion filter, the noise and speckles can be reduced. Then the stick detection is adopted for enhancing the edge. Finally, the gradient vector flow (GVF) snake is used to obtain the tumor contour. These techniques are extended to the 3-D techniques to increase the accuracy and robust of segmentation results. We hope that this study can help physicians to improve the minimal invasive operation for a breast tumor.

  • Contrast-enhanced color flow images for cancer diagnosis using neovascularity as an indicator

    Noninvasive contrast-enhanced color flow images (CFI) may be used to increase the accuracy of breast tumor diagnoses, using tumor neovascularity as an indicator. For neovascular quantification, color pixel densities (CPD) were calculated in CFI images taken pre- and postinjection of contrast agent in 17 patients with breast tumors. CPD values were used in regression analysis with microvessel density (MVID) and microvessel area (MVA) of the corresponding histopathological slides. The highest correlation was found for the microvessels 30-39 microns in diameter. While significant correlations existed between post-contrast CFI values and MVA (p < 0.05) and MVD (p < 0.005), no correlation existed with pre-contrast. In conclusion, by quantifying neovascularity, a marker of angiogenesis within breast masses, contrast- enhanced ultrasound maybe used as an adjunct tool in tumor diagnosis.

  • On the design and development of a breast biopsy navigation system: Path generation algorithm and system with its GUI evaluation

    Breast cancer is a major problem for women throughout the world. It is the second most common factor for women's death. Therefore, early detection by breast biopsy is a necessary process for decreasing the mortality rate. In the breast biopsy process, a surgical specialist is required. Moreover, the traditional breast biopsy procedure is based on 2D real-time ultrasound images guidance, while the procedure is done on a soft-breast tissue with 3D objects. To increase the surgeon's performance in breast biopsy, and to reduce the error opportunity, we propose to develop a breast biopsy navigation system using optical tracking system and a passive robotic needle holder. This paper focuses on the process of developing the path generation algorithm, prototyped breast biopsy navigation system and its graphical user interface (GUI) that displays details to guide the surgeon in performing the procedure. A number of experiments have been done to test and evaluate the efficiency of the navigation system and its GUI. The result shows the success rate of this system is about 80%.

  • A finite element model of the breast for predicting mechanical deformations during biopsy procedures

    Currently, High Field (1.5 T) Superconducting MR image-guided needle breast procedures allow the physician only to calculate approximately the location and extent of a cancerous tumor in the compressed patient breast before inserting the needle. It can then become relatively uncertain that the tissue specimen removed during the biopsy actually belongs to the lesion of interest. A new method for guiding clinical breast biopsy is presented, based on a deformable finite element model of the breast. The geometry of the model is constructed from MR data, and its mechanical properties are modeled using a non-linear material model. This method allows imaging the breast without compression before the procedure, then compressing the breast and using the finite element model to predict the tumor's position during the procedure.

  • Breast lesion dynamic radiotracer uptake quantification method utilizing a combined digital X-ray/gamma system

    Recently, a multidisciplinary research collaboration began a clinical study employing a dual modality, small field-of-view (SFOV) breast imaging system. The system, comprised of a mini gamma camera and digital X-ray detector, was designed to provide a spatially coregistered image containing both X-ray and radiotracer data. Images were evaluated to quantify the spatial correlation of X-ray structures and radiotracer uptake distribution.

  • Positron Emission Tomography-Guided Biopsy With a Dedicated Breast Scanner: Initial Evaluation

    Efforts to create dedicated nuclear medicine breast imaging scanners are maturing as they approach more routine clinical use. These systems promise to improve the detection of small lesions, especially those in breasts that are not definitively imaged with standard methods. Since these techniques lack sufficient specificity for accurate diagnoses of cancer, a method for guiding biopsies with these new devices must be developed. In this investigation, a technique that capitalizes upon the three-dimensional, multi-angle positron emission tomography (PET) breast images created by our new positron emission mammography/tomography imaging and biopsy device (PEM-PET) to guide breast biopsies was tested. Specifically, the accuracy and precision of the needle positioning system was measured for each of the three axes of motion. In addition, a biopsy of a simulated breast lesion was performed under realistic imaging conditions. The results from the positioning tests revealed that the system had very good accuracy and precision in all three axes. The maximum positioning error was plusmn 0.27 mm, sufficient to obtain samples from most lesions detected with PEM-PET. In addition, the simulated biopsy was performed successfully on a single attempt in obtaining a sample from a 5-mm-diameter target sphere. This successful test moves the project closer to the next phase of development, initiation of limited human testing.

  • 3-D ultrasound guidance of autonomous surgical robotics: Feasibility studies

    In 2006 our laboratory showed that a matrix array endoscope capable of real- time 3D (RT3D) scanning could be used to guide a surgical robot with an rms error of less than 2mm. In 2007, image segmentation software was developed to achieve autonomous RT3D guidance of the robot with no human/robot interaction required, and a cyst phantom in tissue-mimicking slurry was successfully targeted. In this paper, we examine three new topics in autonomous robotic guidance: (1) cyst biopsy in breast tissue, (2) the detection of ferrous shrapnel, and (3) prostate biopsy. We tested the accuracy of the scanner in automatically directing a robot arm which performed the said tasks on suitable tissue phantoms in a water tank.

  • RIS interface for mammography results and patient reporting

    Using an existing mainframe computer (an IBM 3090), a computerized process for mammography result notification and follow up was developed in a 380 physician multispecialty clinic. Prior to implementation each individual physician used a process unique to their practice to notify patients of mammography and breast ultrasound results and of the need for follow-up examinations. Effectiveness varied and all were cumbersome and time consuming. The system was centralized in the Radiology Department and has improved the efficiency and accuracy of notification and has enhanced the quality of care.



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