Carbon dioxide

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Carbon dioxide is a naturally occurring chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms covalently bonded to a single carbon atom. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Carbon dioxide

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2015 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Sciences (ICOPS)

Basic Processes in Fully and Partially Ionized Plasmas; Microwave Generation and Plasma Interactions; Charged Particle Beams and Sources; High Energy Density Plasmas and Applications; Industrial, Commercial, and Medical Plasma Applications; Plasma Diagnostics; Pulsed Power and other Plasma Applications.


2013 8th IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems (NEMS)

2013 IEEE NEMS is the 8th annual International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems which started in 2006. It covers Nano science and technology, Micro/nanofluidics and Bio chip, Micro/nano fabrication & metrology, Micro/Nano sensors, actuators and systemd, Flexible MEMS and printed electronics, Carbon Nanotube and Graphene based devices, etc.

  • 2012 7th IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems (NEMS)

    Nanomaterials; Carbon Nanotube based Devices and Systems; Molecular Sensors, Actuators, and Systems; Nanobiology, Nano-bio-informatics, Nanomedicine; Microfluidics and Nanofluidics;Micro and Nano Heat Transfer.

  • 2011 IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems (NEMS)

    Nanotechnology is an important emerging field. On the other hand, MEMS is indispensable in spanning nano devices into systems. It is evident that MEMS and Nanotechnology will soon merge together and this marriage will significantly impact many industries across the globe. This conference is the annual IEEE Nanotechnology Council meeting to bring together world-leading researchers in several advanced topics of MEMS and Nanotechnology to disseminate their latest research results and allow cross-disciplinary.

  • 2010 5th IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems (NEMS)

    Micro and Nano Fabrication Micro/Nano Sensors and Actuators Nanophotonics Nanomaterials Microfluidics and Nanofluidics Micro and Nano Heat Transfer Nanobiology, Nano-bio-informatics, Nanomedicine Nanoscale Robotics, Assembly, and Automation Carbon Nanotube based Devices and Systems Micro/Nanoelectromechanical Systems (M/NEMS) Molecular Sensors, Actuators, and Systems

  • 2009 4th IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems (NEMS)

    IEEE-NEMS is a premier conference of the IEEE Nanotechnology Council to bring together world-leading researchers in the several focused topics of MEMS and Nanotechnology to disseminate their latest research results and allow cross-disciplinary exchange of knowledge to further advance both technological areas. MEMS is naturally continuing its downsizing into Nanoelectromechanical Systems but at the same time it is indispensable in constructing complete Nano devices and systems. It is foreseeable that MEMS an


2013 IEEE International Conference on Service Operations and Logistics, and Informatics (SOLI)

Service science, service operations, logistics, and informatics are becoming ever more complex and interdependent. They are playing an increasingly important role in today’s world economy. Information and communications technology provides cyber-infrastructure and platforms to achieve more efficient and productive services operations. New types of service offerings are also emerging to meet the needs of customers and consumers.The IEEE Service Operations and Logistics, and Informatics (SOLI) conference series aims to bring together researchers and practitioners to discuss issues, challenges and future directions, share their R&D findings and experiences in relative areas.

  • 2012 IEEE International Conference on Service Operations and Logistics and Informatics (SOLI)

    Service science, service operations, logistics, and informatics are becoming ever more complex and interdependent. They are playing an increasingly important role in today s world economy. Information and communications technology provides cyber-infrastructure and platforms to achieve more efficient and productive services operations. New types of service offerings are also emerging to meet the needs of customers and consumers.The IEEE Service Operations and Logistics, and Informatics (SOLI) conference series aims to bring together researchers and practitioners to discuss issues, challenges and future directions, share their R&D findings and experiences in relative areas.

  • 2011 IEEE International Conference on Service Operations and Logistics and Informatics (SOLI)

    Service science, service operations, logistics, and informatics are becoming ever more complex and interdependent. They are playing an increasingly important role in today s world economy. Information and communications technology provides cyber-infrastructure and platforms to achieve more efficient and productive services operations. New types of service offerings are also emerging to meet the needs of customers and consumers.The IEEE Service Operations and Logistics, and Informatics (SOLI) conference seri

  • 2010 IEEE International Conference on Service Operations and Logistics and Informatics (SOLI)

    Service science, service operations, logistics, and informatics are becoming ever more complex and interdependent. They are playing an increasingly important role in today s world economy. Information and communications technology provides cyber-infrastructure and platforms to achieve more efficient and productive services operations. New types of service offerings are also emerging to meet the needs of customers and consumers. The IEEE Service Operations and Logistics, and Informatics (SOLI) conference ser


2013 International Green Computing Conference (IGCC)

Green computing is an emerging research area spanning the fields of computer science and engineering, electrical engineering as well as other engineering disciplines. Green computing in several manifestations has existed for some two decades. However, the concept has gained wider recognition of the Earth and economic implications of energy. Traditionally, green computing is considered to the environmentally responsible use of computers and related resources, including the design and implementation of energy-efficient central processing units processors and peripherals as well as reduced system-wide resource consumption. Green computing also accounts for an expanded spectrum of objectives such as the economic, ecological and social impacts, rather than performance alone.

  • 2012 International Green Computing Conference (IGCC)

    IGCC 12 will provide a forum for presenting and discussing innovative research on a broad range of topics in the fields of sustainable and energy-efficient computing, and computing for a more sustainable planet.

  • 2011 International Green Computing Conference (IGCC)

    The Second International Green Computing Conference,technically cosponsored by IEEE, addresses key issues and topics related to energy efficiency in computing promoting environmentally friendly computer technologies and systems.

  • 2010 International Green Computing Conference (IGCC)

    The International Green Computing Conference technically co-sponsored by IEEE addresses key issues and topics related to energy efficiency in computing and promoting environmentally friendly computer technologies and systems. The conference aims to provide a forum to a wide audience for discussing, sharing and investigating the state-of-the-art for all aspects of green computing, which include energy-efficient use of computers, design of algorithms and systems for environmentally-friendly computer technolog


2012 3rd International Conference on E-Business and E-Government (ICEE)

ICEE 2012 aims to provide a high-level international forum for researchers and engineers to present and discuss recent advances and new techniques in E-Business,E-Commerce and E-Government.

  • 2011 International Conference on E-Business and E-Government (ICEE)

    E-Business and E-Commerce,E-Government, Engineering Management, Service Management & Knowledge Management

  • 2010 International Conference on E-Business and E-Government (ICEE)

    E-Business and E-Commerce,E-Government, E-education,Engineering Management, Service Management & Knowledge Management


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Periodicals related to Carbon dioxide

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Automation Science and Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Automation Sciences and Engineering (T-ASE) publishes fundamental papers on Automation, emphasizing scientific results that advance efficiency, quality, productivity, and reliability. T-ASE encourages interdisciplinary approaches from computer science, control systems, electrical engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, operations research, and other fields. We welcome results relevant to industries such as agriculture, biotechnology, healthcare, home automation, maintenance, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, retail, ...


Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on

All aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.


Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on

Plasma science and engineering, including: magnetofluid dynamics and thermionics; plasma dynamics; gaseous electronics and arc technology; controlled thermonuclear fusion; electron, ion, and plasma sources; space plasmas; high-current relativistic electron beams; laser-plasma interactions; diagnostics; plasma chemistry and colloidal and solid-state plasmas.


Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on

Requirements, planning, analysis, reliability, operation, and economics of electrical generating, transmission, and distribution systems for industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption.


Transactions on Sustainable Energy

The IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy is a cross disciplinary and internationally archival journal aimed at disseminating results of research on sustainable energy that relates to, arises from, or deliberately influences energy generation, transmission, distribution and delivery. The journal will publish original research on theories and development on principles of sustainable energy technologies and systems.This journal will cover the following ...



Most published Xplore authors for Carbon dioxide

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Xplore Articles related to Carbon dioxide

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A New CO2 Sequestration Process via Concrete Products Production

Yixin Shao; Xudong Zhou; Sean Monkman 2006 IEEE EIC Climate Change Conference, 2006

This paper investigates the possibility of using concrete building products to absorb carbon dioxide during their production and develop high early strength at the same time. Type 10 and Type 30 Portland cements were examined by their abilities to serve as CO2 absorbents when exposed to carbon dioxide with 100% and 25% concentrations, the former simulating the recovered CO2 and ...


Chemo &#x2014; Resistive CO<inf>2</inf> gas sensor based on CuO-SnO<inf>2</inf> heterojunction nanocomposite material

Shravanti Joshi; L. Satyanarayana; P. Manjula; Manorama V. Sunkara; Samuel J. Ippolito 2015 2nd International Symposium on Physics and Technology of Sensors (ISPTS), 2015

Heterojunction nanocomposites were realized between p-type CuO and n-type SnO2 by simple hydrothermal route, further incorporation with 0.5wt.% silver showed an efficient sensor response of 72.02% towards carbon dioxide at a comparably low operating temperature of 300°C. The synthesized samples were characterized extensively by XRD and UV-DRS. Morphological evaluations carried out using transmission electron microscope not only provided information on ...


A strategy-proof and budget balanced mechanism for carbon footprint reduction by global companies

L. Udaya Lakshmi; Y. Narahari; D. Bagchi; P. Suresh; S. V. Subrahmanya; S. Biswas; N. Viswanadham 2012 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE), 2012

The problem addressed in this paper is concerned with an important issue faced by any green aware global company to keep its emissions within a prescribed cap. The specific problem is to allocate carbon reductions to its different divisions and supply chain partners in achieving a required target of reductions in its carbon reduction program. The problem becomes a challenging ...


Room-temperature photoluminescence in Er-doped deuterated amorphous carbon

Raymond Y. C. Tsai; Li Qian; Nazir P. Kherani 2009 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and 2009 Conference on Quantum electronics and Laser Science Conference, 2009

We report strong room-temperature photoluminescence at ~1.5 mum in erbium- doped deuterated amorphous carbon for the first time. Deuteration, instead of hydrogenation, of amorphous carbon eliminates C-H and O-H bonds, significantly reducing the quenching of erbium emission.


Spectroscopic carbon dioxide sensor for automotive applications

M. Arndt; M. Sauer Proceedings of IEEE Sensors, 2004., 2004

In this paper, we present the first spectroscopic carbon dioxide sensor designed for automotive applications. The sensor is based on the well known infrared measurement principle. It includes a new robust infrared gas-detector and a corresponding, newly developed, ASIC. First application studies show its suitability for automatic vehicle ventilation systems and for leak detection in R744 air conditioning systems.


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Educational Resources on Carbon dioxide

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eLearning

A New CO2 Sequestration Process via Concrete Products Production

Yixin Shao; Xudong Zhou; Sean Monkman 2006 IEEE EIC Climate Change Conference, 2006

This paper investigates the possibility of using concrete building products to absorb carbon dioxide during their production and develop high early strength at the same time. Type 10 and Type 30 Portland cements were examined by their abilities to serve as CO2 absorbents when exposed to carbon dioxide with 100% and 25% concentrations, the former simulating the recovered CO2 and ...


Chemo &#x2014; Resistive CO<inf>2</inf> gas sensor based on CuO-SnO<inf>2</inf> heterojunction nanocomposite material

Shravanti Joshi; L. Satyanarayana; P. Manjula; Manorama V. Sunkara; Samuel J. Ippolito 2015 2nd International Symposium on Physics and Technology of Sensors (ISPTS), 2015

Heterojunction nanocomposites were realized between p-type CuO and n-type SnO2 by simple hydrothermal route, further incorporation with 0.5wt.% silver showed an efficient sensor response of 72.02% towards carbon dioxide at a comparably low operating temperature of 300°C. The synthesized samples were characterized extensively by XRD and UV-DRS. Morphological evaluations carried out using transmission electron microscope not only provided information on ...


A strategy-proof and budget balanced mechanism for carbon footprint reduction by global companies

L. Udaya Lakshmi; Y. Narahari; D. Bagchi; P. Suresh; S. V. Subrahmanya; S. Biswas; N. Viswanadham 2012 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE), 2012

The problem addressed in this paper is concerned with an important issue faced by any green aware global company to keep its emissions within a prescribed cap. The specific problem is to allocate carbon reductions to its different divisions and supply chain partners in achieving a required target of reductions in its carbon reduction program. The problem becomes a challenging ...


Room-temperature photoluminescence in Er-doped deuterated amorphous carbon

Raymond Y. C. Tsai; Li Qian; Nazir P. Kherani 2009 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and 2009 Conference on Quantum electronics and Laser Science Conference, 2009

We report strong room-temperature photoluminescence at ~1.5 mum in erbium- doped deuterated amorphous carbon for the first time. Deuteration, instead of hydrogenation, of amorphous carbon eliminates C-H and O-H bonds, significantly reducing the quenching of erbium emission.


Spectroscopic carbon dioxide sensor for automotive applications

M. Arndt; M. Sauer Proceedings of IEEE Sensors, 2004., 2004

In this paper, we present the first spectroscopic carbon dioxide sensor designed for automotive applications. The sensor is based on the well known infrared measurement principle. It includes a new robust infrared gas-detector and a corresponding, newly developed, ASIC. First application studies show its suitability for automatic vehicle ventilation systems and for leak detection in R744 air conditioning systems.


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Carbon Dioxide and Other Vibrational Lasers

    This chapter contains sections titled: Vibrational Transitions Excitation Types of CO2 Lasers Optics for CO2 Lasers Chemical Lasers

  • Gas Lasers

    This chapter contains sections titled: About This Chapter The Gas-Laser Family Gas-Laser Basics Helium-Neon Lasers Rare-Gas Ion Lasers Metal-Vapor Lasers Carbon-Dioxide Lasers Carbon-Monoxide Lasers Excimer Lasers Nitrogen Lasers Chemical Lasers Far-Infrared Lasers What Have We Learned What's Next Quiz for Chapter 6

  • What Are the Necessary Conditions for Origin of Life and Subsequent Planetary Life-support Systems?

    In this chapter, some questions regarding the origin of life and the coevolution of the biosphere and geosphere are discussed. According to the Gaia theory, the environment is influenced by and for the benefit of the biosphere, but whether this occurs on all timescales is uncertain. Feedback from the biota to the geosphere is particularly strong for the composition of the atmosphere. Coevolution of the geosphere and biosphere may be investigated using a simple Earth system model. The scenario of an Archaean hothouse with a thermophilic early biosphere is presented. The life span of a photosynthesis- based biosphere is limited by the atmospheric content of carbon dioxide. The simplest living being is a prokaryotic cell organism. The interactions between biosphere and geosphere are realized via the cycling of elements such as carbon, phosphorus, nitrogen, and sulfur, where the carbon cycle is the most important. To evaluate the present Earth system, which is in a state of optimum self-regulation, an extended model is used that includes three different types of biosphere: prokaryotes, eukaryotes, and complex life, where prokaryotes are always the base for higher types of biosphere.

  • Climatic Consequences of Increased Carbon Dioxide in the Atmosphere

    This chapter contains sections titled: Observed Changes in the Atmospheric Content of Carbon Dioxide, Sources of Carbon Dioxide, Conclusions, Discussion, References

  • No title

    Transport processes represent important life-sustaining elements in all humans. These include mass transfer processes, including gas exchange in the lungs, transport across capillaries and alveoli, transport across the kidneys, and transport across cell membranes. These mass transfer processes affect how oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged in your bloodstream, how metabolic waste products are removed from your blood, how nutrients are transported to tissues, and how all cells function throughout the body. A discussion of kidney dialysis and gas exchange mechanisms is included. Another element in biomedical transport processes is that of momentum transport and fluid flow. This describes how blood is propelled from the heart and throughout the cardiovascular system, how blood elements affect the body, including gas exchange, infection control, clotting of blood, and blood flow resistance, which affects cardiac work. A discussion of the measurement of the blood resistance to flow (vi cosity), blood flow, and pressure is also included. A third element in transport processes in the human body is that of heat transfer, including heat transfer inside the body towards the periphery as well as heat transfer from the body to the environment. A discussion of temperature measurements and body protection in extreme heat conditions is also included. Table of Contents: Biomedical Mass Transport / Biofluid Mechanics and Momentum Transport / Biomedical Heat Transport

  • Gas Lasers

    This chapter contains sections titled: The Gas Laser Family Gas-Laser Basics Helium-Neon Lasers Argon- and Krypton-Ion Lasers Metal-Vapor Lasers Carbon Dioxide Laser Excimer Lasers Chemical Lasers Other Gas Lasers What Have We Learned?

  • No title

    The globally averaged surface temperature of the Earth has increased during the past century by about 0.7°C. Most of the increase can be attributed to the greenhouse effect, the increase in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide that is emitted when fossil fuels are burned to produce energy.The book begins with the important distinction between weather and climate, followed by data showing how carbon dioxide has increased and the incontrovertible evidence that it is caused by burning fossil fuels (i.e., coal, oil, and natural gas). I also address the inevitable skepticism that global warming arouses and offer a number of responses to the global warming skeptics. After dealing with the skeptics, I analyze both the current and future effects of global warming. These future effects are based on scenarios or "storylines" put forth by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. In closing, I address the controversial (and grim) suggestion that we ave already passed the "tipping point," which is the time after which, regardless of our future actions, global warming will cause considerable hardship on human society. I intend this book to be approachable for all concerned citizens, but especially students of the sciences and engineering who will soon be in a position to make a difference in the areas of energy and the environment. I have tried to frame the debate in terms of what the engineering community must do to help combat global warming. We have no choice but to think in terms of global environmental constraints as we design new power plants, factories, automobiles, buildings, and homes. The best thing for scientists to do is to present what we know, clearly separating what is known from what is suspected, in a non-apocalyptic manner. If matters are clearly and passionately presented to the public, we must be prepared to accept the will of the people. This presents the scientific community with an enormous res onsibility, perhaps unlike any we have had in the past. Contents: Weather and Climate (and a Little History) / Are the Concentrations of Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere Increasing? / The Greenhouse Effect and the Evidence of Global Warming / The Skeptics: Are Their Doubts Scientifically Valid / Impacts: The "So What" Question / The Bottom Line

  • From Wasting Energy to Saving Energy and Reducing Carbon Dioxide

    This chapter contains sections titled: Less Efficient - Energy Use and Waste Today Personal Energy Needs - Easily Saved at Home Industry and Co - Everyone Else is to Blame The Personal Carbon Dioxide Record The Sale of Ecological Indulgences

  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate in the Anthropocene

    Humans are changing critical environmental conditions in many ways. Here, the important changes in atmospheric chemistry and climate are discussed. The most dramatic examples of major human impacts are the increase of the "greenhouse" gases, especially carbon dioxide (CO2), in the atmosphere and the unpredicted breakdown of much of the ozone in the lower stratosphere over Antarctica during the months of September to November, caused by the emissions of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Other, more regional but ubiquitous examples include photochemical smog and acid rain. Industrial activities are not alone in causing air pollution and in changing the chemical composition of the atmosphere. Biomass burning, which takes place largely in the developing world, also contributes in major ways. In the future, climate warming due to CO2 emissions will continue to increase over present levels and pose a major problem for humankind. Current radiative forcing by "greenhouse gases" can, to a substantial degree (up to half), be dampened by increased backscattering of solar radiation, either directly by aerosol particles or indirectly through their influence on cloud albedo, or also by cloud feedbacks independent of anthropogenic aerosols. Cloud and hydrological cycle feedbacks provide major challenges. It is unlikely and undesirable that aerosol emissions will continue to increase, as greater emphasis will be placed on air quality, also in the developing world. However, due to its long atmospheric lifetime and expected growth in global emissions, CO2 will continue to accumulate, exacerbating climate warming and related problems in the future. Drastic measures are thus needed at the international level to reduce the emissions, in particular, of CO2 through energy savings, alternative energy sources, and sequestration.

  • Carbon Dioxide and Other Vibrational Lasers

    This chapter contains sections titled: Vibrational Transitions Excitation Types of CO2 Lasers Optics for CO2 Lasers Chemical Lasers



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