Cartilage

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Cartilage [ˈkaːrtələdʒ ˈkaːrtələdʒ] is a flexible connective tissue found in many areas in the bodies of humans and other animals, including the joints between bones, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the elbow, the knee, the ankle, the bronchial tubes and the intervertebral discs. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Cartilage

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2019 20th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems & Eurosensors XXXIII (TRANSDUCERS & EUROSENSORS XXXIII)

The world's premiere conference in MEMS sensors, actuators and integrated micro and nano systems welcomes you to attend this four-day event showcasing major technological, scientific and commercial breakthroughs in mechanical, optical, chemical and biological devices and systems using micro and nanotechnology.The major areas of activity in the development of Transducers solicited and expected at this conference include but are not limited to: Bio, Medical, Chemical, and Micro Total Analysis Systems Fabrication and Packaging Mechanical and Physical Sensors Materials and Characterization Design, Simulation and Theory Actuators Optical MEMS RF MEMS Nanotechnology Energy and Power


2018 15th IEEE Annual Consumer Communications & Networking Conference (CCNC)

IEEE CCNC 2018 will present the latest developments and technical solutions in the areas of home networking, consumer networking, enabling technologies (such as middleware) and novel applications and services. The conference will include a peer-reviewed program of technical sessions, special sessions, business application sessions, tutorials, and demonstration sessions


2018 25th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP)

The International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), sponsored by the IEEE Signal Processing Society, is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances and research results in the fields of theoretical, experimental, and applied image and video processing. ICIP 2018, the 25th in the series that has been held annually since 1994, brings together leading engineers and scientists in image and video processing from around the world.


2018 40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE


2018 IEEE 15th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2018)

The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2018 will be the 15th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2018 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2019 IEEE 16th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging.ISBI 2019 will be the 16th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2019 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering cross fertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2017 IEEE 14th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2017)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2017 will be the 14th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2017 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2016 IEEE 13th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2016)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forumfor the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2016 willbe the thirteenth meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitatinginteraction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2016 meeting will continue thistradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrativeapproach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2015 IEEE 12th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2015)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2015 will be the 12th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2014 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2014 IEEE 11th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2014)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2014 will be the eleventh meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2014 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2013 IEEE 10th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2013)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2012 IEEE 9th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2012)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2011 IEEE 8th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2011)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2010 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2010)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2009 IEEE 6th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2009)

    Algorithmic, mathematical and computational aspects of biomedical imaging, from nano- to macroscale. Topics of interest include image formation and reconstruction, computational and statistical image processing and analysis, dynamic imaging, visualization, image quality assessment, and physical, biological and statistical modeling. Molecular, cellular, anatomical and functional imaging modalities and applications.

  • 2008 IEEE 5th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2008)

    Algorithmic, mathematical and computational aspects of biomedical imaging, from nano- to macroscale. Topics of interest include image formation and reconstruction, computational and statistical image processing and analysis, dynamic imaging, visualization, image quality assessment, and physical, biological and statistical modeling. Molecular, cellular, anatomical and functional imaging modalities and applications.

  • 2007 IEEE 4th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2007)

  • 2006 IEEE 3rd International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2006)

  • 2004 2nd IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2004)

  • 2002 1st IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2002)


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Periodicals related to Cartilage

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


Information Technology in Biomedicine, IEEE Transactions on

Telemedicine, teleradiology, telepathology, telemonitoring, telediagnostics, 3D animations in health care, health information networks, clinical information systems, virtual reality applications in medicine, broadband technologies, and global information infrastructure design for health care.


Latin America Transactions, IEEE (Revista IEEE America Latina)

The IEEE Region 9 is releasing the IEEE Latin America Transactions to enable the publication of non-published and technically excellent papers from Latin American engineers, in Spanish or Portuguese languages. Engineers and researchers from Portugal and Spain (and others countries with the same language) are also very welcome to submit their proposals.


Mechatronics, IEEE/ASME Transactions on

Synergetic integration of mechanical engineering with electronic and intelligent computer control in the design and manufacture of industrial products and processes. (4) (IEEE Guide for Authors) A primary purpose is to have an aarchival publication which will encompass both theory and practice. Papers will be published which disclose significant new knowledge needed to implement intelligent mechatronics systems, from analysis and ...


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Xplore Articles related to Cartilage

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Engineering of a Straighter Septum: Numerical Model of Mechanical Stress Relaxation in Laser-Heated Septal Cartilage

[{u'author_order': 1, u'full_name': u'Dmitriy E. Protsenko'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'Brian J. F. Wong'}] 2007 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, None

Successful application of laser cartilage reshaping (LCR) for the in-situ treatment of structural deformities in the nasal septum has generated increasing clinical interest, because septoplasty is among the top five most common operations performed. However, few studies have investigated stress fields existing in the nasal septal cartilage during LCR of septal deviations. The objectives of this study were to: (1) ...


Nonlinear Optical Microscopy Captures High-Resolution Images of Microstructures Within Three Types of Unlabeled Rat Cartilage

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Technology, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory for Photonics Technology, Key Laboratory of OptoElectronic Science and Technology for Medicine of Ministry of Education, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China', u'full_name': u'Xiaoqin Zhu'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Technology, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory for Photonics Technology, Key Laboratory of OptoElectronic Science and Technology for Medicine of Ministry of Education, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China', u'full_name': u'Liqin Zheng'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Technology, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory for Photonics Technology, Key Laboratory of OptoElectronic Science and Technology for Medicine of Ministry of Education, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China', u'full_name': u'Xinpeng Huang'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Technology, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory for Photonics Technology, Key Laboratory of OptoElectronic Science and Technology for Medicine of Ministry of Education, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China', u'full_name': u'Jianfeng Wu'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Technology, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory for Photonics Technology, Key Laboratory of OptoElectronic Science and Technology for Medicine of Ministry of Education, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China', u'full_name': u'Lihong Hong'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electronic Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China', u'full_name': u'Jiyang Dong'}, {u'author_order': 7, u'affiliation': u'Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Technology, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory for Photonics Technology, Key Laboratory of OptoElectronic Science and Technology for Medicine of Ministry of Education, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China', u'full_name': u'Shuangmu Zhuo'}, {u'author_order': 8, u'affiliation': u'Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Technology, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory for Photonics Technology, Key Laboratory of OptoElectronic Science and Technology for Medicine of Ministry of Education, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China', u'full_name': u'Jianxin Chen'}] IEEE Photonics Journal, 2016

Cartilage is one of the most important tissues in mammalian growth and is classified into three types: hyaline, fibro, and elastic. To illustrate its potential as a clinical diagnostic tool, nonlinear optical microscopy (NLOM) was applied to simultaneously investigate images and spectra from three different types of rat cartilage. High-resolution images were obtained using the two-photon excited fluorescence and second-harmonic ...


Detection of current research directions based on full-text clustering

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Institute for Systems Analysis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia', u'full_name': u'Alexander Shvets'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Institute for Systems Analysis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia', u'full_name': u'Dmitry Devyatkin'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Institute for Systems Analysis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia', u'full_name': u'Ilya Sochenkov'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Institute for Systems Analysis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia', u'full_name': u'Ilya Tikhomirov'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia', u'full_name': u'Konstantin Popov'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, ussian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russia', u'full_name': u'Konstantin Yarygin'}] 2015 Science and Information Conference (SAI), None

The paper provides an overview of systems for scientometric analysis and considers methods for identifying current research directions. The new method for research directions detection based on full-text clustering is proposed. The results of experiments on the detection of the directions of the field "regenerative medicine" are presented. The prospects of method, its drawbacks and directions for further research are ...


Characterization of the Mechanical Properties and Mineral Distribution of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament-to-Bone Insertion Site

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Biomaterials and Interface Tissue Engineering Laboratory, Columbia University, City of New York, New York, NY, 10027', u'full_name': u'Kristen L. Moffat'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Biomaterials and Interface Tissue Engineering Laboratory, Columbia University, City of New York, New York, NY, 10027', u'full_name': u'Wan-Hsuan S. Sun'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Laboratory, Columbia University, City of New York, New York, NY, 10027', u'full_name': u'Nadeen O. Chahine'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Biomaterials and Interface Tissue Engineering Laboratory, Columbia University, City of New York, New York, NY, 10027', u'full_name': u'Paul E. Pena'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Director, Analytical Microscopy Laboratory, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, 10021.', u'full_name': u'Stephen B. Doty'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'Director, Cellular Engineering Laboratory, Columbia University, City of New York, New York, NY 10027', u'full_name': u'Clark T. Hung'}, {u'author_order': 7, u'affiliation': u'Director, Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Laboratory, Columbia University, City of New York, New York, NY, 10027', u'full_name': u'Gerard A. Ateshian'}, {u'author_order': 8, u'affiliation': u'Director, Biomaterials and Interface Tissue Engineering Laboratory, Columbia University, City of New York, New York, NY, 10027. hl2052@columbia.edu', u'full_name': u'Helen H. Lu'}] 2006 International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, None

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) connects the femur to the tibia through direct insertion sites and functions as the primary restraint to anterior tibial translation. The ACL-to-bone insertion sites exhibit a complex structure consisting of four zones of varied cellular and matrix components, consisting of ligament, non-mineralized fibrocartilage, mineralized fibrocartilage and bone, which allow for the effective load transfer from ...


Assessment of age-related changes of subchondral bone in rat patella using 400 MHz quantitative ultrasound

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Lab. Imagerie Parametrique, CNRS, Paris, France', u'full_name': u'B. Jaffre'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'K. Raum'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'J. Brandt'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'full_name': u'A. Watrir'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'full_name': u'A. Klemenz'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'full_name': u'P. Netter'}, {u'author_order': 7, u'full_name': u'P. Laugier'}, {u'author_order': 8, u'full_name': u'A. Saied'}] 2002 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, 2002. Proceedings., None

High frequency scanning acoustic microscopy coupled with the Multi Layer Analysis (MLA) method was used to investigate the age-related changes occurring in subchondral bone and cartilage during rat skeletal maturation. Patellae of 6 immature and 7 mature rats were fixed in methanol, cut in the sagittal plane of the patella and imaged in methanol at 400 MHz (3 μm spatial ...


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Educational Resources on Cartilage

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Articular Cartilage Tissue Engineering

    Cartilage injuries in children and adolescents are increasingly observed, with roughly 20% of knee injuries in adolescents requiring surgery. In the US alone, costs of osteoarthritis (OA) are in excess of $65 billion per year (both medical costs and lost wages). Comorbidities are common with OA and are also costly to manage. Articular cartilage's low friction and high capacity to bear load makes it critical in the movement of one bone against another, and its lack of a sustained natural healing response has necessitated a plethora of therapies. Tissue engineering is an emerging technology at the threshold of translation to clinical use. Replacement cartilage can be constructed in the laboratory to recapitulate the functional requirements of native tissues. This book outlines the biomechanical and biochemical characteristics of articular cartilage in both normal and pathological states, through development and aging. It also provides a historical perspective of past and current cartil ge treatments and previous tissue engineering efforts. Methods and standards for evaluating the function of engineered tissues are discussed, and current cartilage products are presented with an analysis on the United States Food and Drug Administration regulatory pathways that products must follow to market. This book was written to serve as a reference for researchers seeking to learn about articular cartilage, for undergraduate and graduate level courses, and as a compendium of articular cartilage tissue engineering design criteria. Table of Contents: Hyaline Articular Cartilage / Cartilage Aging and Pathology / In Vitro / Bioreactors / Future Directions

  • Tissue Engineering of Temporomandibular Joint Cartilage

    The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a site of intense morbidity for millions of people, especially young, pre-menopausal women. Central to TMJ afflictions are the cartilaginous tissues of the TMJ, especially those of the disc and condylar cartilage, which play crucial roles in normal function of this unusual joint. Damage or disease to these tissues significantly impacts a patient's quality of life by making common activities such as talking and eating difficult and painful. Unfortunately, these tissues have limited ability to heal, necessitating the development of treatments for repair or replacement. The burgeoning field of tissue engineering holds promise that replacement tissues can be constructed in the laboratory to recapitulate the functional requirements of native tissues. This book outlines the biomechanical, biochemical, and anatomical characteristics of the disc and condylar cartilage, and also provides a historical perspective of past and current TMJ treatments and previ us tissue engineering efforts. This book was written to serve as a reference for researchers seeking to learn about the TMJ, for undergraduate and graduate level courses, and as a compendium of TMJ tissue engineering design criteria. Table of Contents: The Temporomandibular Joint / Fibrocartilage of the TMJ Disc / Cartilage of the Mandibular Condyle / Tissue Engineering of the Disc / Tissue Engineering of the Mandibular Condyle / Current Perspectives

  • Biologic Foundations for Skeletal Tissue Engineering

    Tissue engineering research for bone and joint applications entails multidisciplinary teams bringing together the needed expertise in anatomy, biology, biochemistry, pathophysiology, materials science, biomechanics, fluidics, and clinical and veterinary orthopedics. It is the goal of this volume to provide students and investigators who are entering this exciting area with an understanding of the biologic foundations necessary to appreciate the problems in bone and cartilage that may benefit from innovative tissue engineering approaches. This volume includes state-of-the-art information about bone and cartilage physiology at the levels of cell and molecular biology, tissue structure, developmental processes, their metabolic and structural functions, responses to injury, mechanisms of post-natal healing and graft incorporation, the many congenital and acquired disorders, effects of aging, and current clinical standards of care. It reviews the strengths and limitations of various experi ental animal models, sources of cells, composition and design of scaffolds, activities of growth factors and genes to enhance histogenesis, and the need for new materials in the context of cell- based and cell-free tissue engineering. These building blocks constitute the dynamic environments in which innovative approaches are needed for addressing debilitating disorders of the skeleton. It is likely that a single tactic will not be sufficient for different applications because of variations in the systemic and local environments. The realizations that tissue regeneration is complex and dynamic underscore the continuing need for innovative multidisciplinary investigations, with an eye to simple and safe therapies for disabled patients. Table of Contents: Introduction / Structure and Function of Bone and Cartilage Tissue / Development / Responses to Injury and Grafting / Clinical Applications for Skeletal Tissue Engineering / Animal Models / Tissue Engineering Principles for Bone and Car ilage / Perspectives

  • Pattern Classification and Diagnostic Decision

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Problem Statement * Illustration of the Problem with Case-studies * Pattern Classification * Supervised Pattern Classification * Unsupervised Pattern Classification * Probabilistic Models and Statistical Decision * Logistic Regression Analysis * The Training and Test Steps * Neural Networks * Measures of Diagnostic Accuracy and Cost * Reliability of Classifiers and Decisions * Application: Normal versus Ectopic ECG Beats * Application: Detection of Knee-joint Cartilage Pathology * Remarks * Study Questions and Problems * Laboratory Exercises and Projects



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