Biomechanics

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Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles to biological systems, such as humans, animals, plants, organs, and cells. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Biomechanics

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2016 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invited sessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering. Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and poster sessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE.

  • 2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The conference will cover diverse topics ranging from biomedical engineering to healthcare technologies to medical and clinical applications. The conference program will consist of invited plenary lectures, symposia, workshops, invited sessions and oral and poster sessions of unsolicited contributions. All papers will be peer reviewed and accepted papers of up to 4 pages will appear in the Conference Proceedings and be indexed by IEEE Xplore and Medline/PubMed.

  • 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invited sessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering. Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and poster sessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE.

  • 2013 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society covers a broad spectrum of topics from biomedical engineering and physics to medical and clinical applications. The conference program will consist of invited plenary lectures, symposia, workshops, invited sessions, oral and poster sessions of unsolicited contributions. All papers will be peer reviewed and accepted papers of up to 4 pages will appear in the Conference Proceedings and be indexed by PubMed and EI. Prop

  • 2012 34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc

  • 2011 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc.

  • 2010 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc

  • 2009 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The annual conference of EMBS averages 2000 attendees from over 50 countries. The scope of the conference is general in nature to focus on the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering. Themes included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biorobotics, Bioinstrumentation, Neural, Rehabilitation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare IT, Medical Devices, etc

  • 2008 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

    The general theme of EMBC'08 is "Personalized Healthcare through Technology", covering a broad spectrum of topics from biomedical and clinical engineering and physics to medical and clinical applications. Transfer of research results from academia to industry will also be a focus of the conference.


2014 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

The Frontiers in Education (FIE)Conference is the major international conference about educational innovations and research in engineering and computing. FIE 2014 continues a long tradition of disseminating results in these areas. It is an ideal forum for sharing ideas; learning about developments in computer science, engineering, and technology education; and interacting with colleagues in these fields.

  • 2013 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

    The Frontiers in Education (FIE)Conference is the major international conference about educational innovations and research in engineering and computing. FIE 2013 continues a long tradition of disseminating results in these areas. It is an ideal forum for sharing ideas; learning about developments in computer science, engineering, and technology education; and interacting with colleagues in these fields.

  • 2012 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

    The Frontiers in Education (FIE)Conference is the major international conference about educational innovations and research in engineering and computing. FIE 2012 continues a long tradition of disseminating results in these areas. It is an ideal forum for sharing ideas; learning about developments in computer science, engineering, and technology education; and interacting with colleagues in these fields.

  • 2011 Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

    The Frontiers in Education (FIE) Conference is the major international conference about educational innovations and research in engineering and computing. FIE 2011 continues a long tradition of disseminating results in these areas. It is an ideal forum for sharing ideas; learning about developments in computer science, engineering, and technology education; and interacting with colleagues in these fields.

  • 2010 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

    (FIE) Conference is a major international conference devoted to improvements in computer science, engineering, and technology (CSET) education. FIE 2008 continues a long tradition of disseminating educational research results and innovative practices in CSET education. It is an ideal forum for sharing ideas, learning about developments in CSET education, and interacting with colleagues.

  • 2009 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

    FIE is a major international conference devoted to improvements in computer science, engineering and technology (CSET) education. FIE continues a loong tradition of disseminating educational research results and innovative practices in CSET education. It is an ideal forum for sharing ideas, learning about developments in CSET education, and interacting with colleagues.

  • 2008 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

  • 2007 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

    Globalization has dramatically changed engineering. Global engineering teams design products for global markets. Knowledge has no borders in a world where information flow is digitalized and sent worldwide in seconds. A core requirement of engineering globalization is an understanding of how the different cultures of the global marketplace shape product development, mult-national engineering teams, and consumer expectations. Engineering education must address this issue.

  • 2006 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

  • 2005 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)


2014 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)

Robotics and Automation


2012 6th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering (iCBBE)

Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, Biomedical Engineering


2012 Cairo International Biomedical Engineering Conference (CIBEC)

The International Conference on Biomedical Engineering (CIBEC2010 is intended to be a scientific gathering of researchers and students of biomedical engineering and healthcare technologies from around the world. The conference mission is to discuss cutting-edge research in the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering and systems. included but not limited to are: Biomedical Signal Processing, Biomedical Imaging and Image Processing, Bioinstrumentation and biosensors, Bioinformatics, Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, Biomechanics, Modeling and Simulation, Healthcare Information.

  • 2010 5th Cairo International Biomedical Engineering Conference (CIBEC)

    The International Conference on Biomedical Engineering (CIBEC2010 is intended to be a scientific gathering of researchers and students of biomedical engineering and healthcare technologies from around the world. The conference mission is to discuss cutting-edge research in the interdisciplinary fields of biomedical engineering and systems. included but not limited to are: Imaging, Biosignals, Biomechanics, Bioinstrumentation, Bioinformatics, Healthcare information systems, Medical Devices, etc


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Periodicals related to Biomechanics

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Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


Microelectromechanical Systems, Journal of

A journal covering Microsensing, Microactuation, Micromechanics, Microdynamics, and Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS). Contains articles on devices with dimensions that typically range from macrometers to millimeters, microfabrication techniques, microphenomena; microbearings, and microsystems; theoretical, computational, modeling and control results; new materials and designs; tribology; microtelemanipulation; and applications to biomedical engineering, optics, fluidics, etc. The Journal is jointly sponsored by the IEEE Electron Devices ...


Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Rehabilitation aspects of biomedical engineering, including functional electrical stimulation, acoustic dynamics, human performance measurement and analysis, nerve stimulation, electromyography, motor control and stimulation, and hardware and software applications for rehabilitation engineering and assistive devices.


Proceedings of the IEEE

The most highly-cited general interest journal in electrical engineering and computer science, the Proceedings is the best way to stay informed on an exemplary range of topics. This journal also holds the distinction of having the longest useful archival life of any EE or computer related journal in the world! Since 1913, the Proceedings of the IEEE has been the ...




Xplore Articles related to Biomechanics

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Mapping the cardiogenic impedance signal on the thorax

R. Patterson; L. Wang; B. Raza; G. McVeigh; R. Burns Images of the Twenty-First Century. Proceedings of the Annual International Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society,, 1989

The cardiogenic electrical impedance signal was mapped on the anterior surface of the thorax. Using spot electrodes to pick up the impedance signal between the suprasternal notch and a point 10 cm below, stroke volume (SV) was measured with postural change and during 50-W bicycle exercise. The mapping showed that approximately 80% of the signal comes from the upper thorax. ...


Radar cross section of human cardiopulmonary activity for recumbent subject

John E. Kiriazi; Olga Boric-Lubecke; Victor M. Lubecke 2009 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2009

The radar cross section (RCS) corresponding to human cardio-respiratory motion is measured for a subject in two different recumbent positions. Lying face-up (supine), the subject showed an RCS of 0.326 m2. But when lying face-down (prone), the RCS increased to 2.9 m2. This is the first reported RCS measurement corresponding to human cardio-respiratory motion. The results obtained in this experiment ...


An integrated system for real-time detection of stiff masses with a single compression

A. S. Fahmy; A. Krieger; N. F. Osman IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 2006

An integrated system is proposed for real-time imaging of tissue deformation in response to externally applied mechanical compression. The purpose of the system is to noninvasively detect tissue lesions based on their stiffness. The method includes applying external compression to the examined subject and acquiring magnetic resonance strain-encoded images using a real-time pulse sequence. In the proposed system, only a ...


Investigating postural equilibrium of individuals with different athletic skill levels

Amanda P. P. Ong; Darwin Gouwanda 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES), 2014

Human body is an inherently unstable unless human postural control system continuously maintains body balance and prevents it from falling. The capabilities of this system may vary in individuals depending on their motor skill, pathology cognitive load and task difficulties. This study aims to investigate human postural control of three groups of individuals with different athletic skill levels. These groups ...


Model based control of a rehabilitation robot for lower extremities

Xiao-Liang Xie; Zeng-Guang Hou; Peng-Feng Li; Cheng Ji; Feng Zhang; Min Tan; Hongbo Wang; Guoqing Hu 2010 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology, 2010

This paper mainly focuses on the trajectory tracking control of a lower extremity rehabilitation robot during passive training process of patients. Firstly, a mathematical model of the rehabilitation robot is introduced by using Lagrangian analysis. Then, a model based computed-torque control scheme is designed to control the constrained four-link robot (with patient's foot fixed on robot's end-effector) to track a ...


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Educational Resources on Biomechanics

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eLearning

Mapping the cardiogenic impedance signal on the thorax

R. Patterson; L. Wang; B. Raza; G. McVeigh; R. Burns Images of the Twenty-First Century. Proceedings of the Annual International Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society,, 1989

The cardiogenic electrical impedance signal was mapped on the anterior surface of the thorax. Using spot electrodes to pick up the impedance signal between the suprasternal notch and a point 10 cm below, stroke volume (SV) was measured with postural change and during 50-W bicycle exercise. The mapping showed that approximately 80% of the signal comes from the upper thorax. ...


Radar cross section of human cardiopulmonary activity for recumbent subject

John E. Kiriazi; Olga Boric-Lubecke; Victor M. Lubecke 2009 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2009

The radar cross section (RCS) corresponding to human cardio-respiratory motion is measured for a subject in two different recumbent positions. Lying face-up (supine), the subject showed an RCS of 0.326 m2. But when lying face-down (prone), the RCS increased to 2.9 m2. This is the first reported RCS measurement corresponding to human cardio-respiratory motion. The results obtained in this experiment ...


An integrated system for real-time detection of stiff masses with a single compression

A. S. Fahmy; A. Krieger; N. F. Osman IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 2006

An integrated system is proposed for real-time imaging of tissue deformation in response to externally applied mechanical compression. The purpose of the system is to noninvasively detect tissue lesions based on their stiffness. The method includes applying external compression to the examined subject and acquiring magnetic resonance strain-encoded images using a real-time pulse sequence. In the proposed system, only a ...


Investigating postural equilibrium of individuals with different athletic skill levels

Amanda P. P. Ong; Darwin Gouwanda 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES), 2014

Human body is an inherently unstable unless human postural control system continuously maintains body balance and prevents it from falling. The capabilities of this system may vary in individuals depending on their motor skill, pathology cognitive load and task difficulties. This study aims to investigate human postural control of three groups of individuals with different athletic skill levels. These groups ...


Model based control of a rehabilitation robot for lower extremities

Xiao-Liang Xie; Zeng-Guang Hou; Peng-Feng Li; Cheng Ji; Feng Zhang; Min Tan; Hongbo Wang; Guoqing Hu 2010 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology, 2010

This paper mainly focuses on the trajectory tracking control of a lower extremity rehabilitation robot during passive training process of patients. Firstly, a mathematical model of the rehabilitation robot is introduced by using Lagrangian analysis. Then, a model based computed-torque control scheme is designed to control the constrained four-link robot (with patient's foot fixed on robot's end-effector) to track a ...


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IEEE.tv Videos

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • No title

    Intended as an introduction to the field of biomedical engineering, this book covers the topics of biomechanics (Part I) and bioelectricity (Part II). Each chapter emphasizes a fundamental principle or law, such as Darcy's Law, Poiseuille's Law, Hooke's Law, Starling's Law, levers, and work in the area of fluid, solid, and cardiovascular biomechanics. In addition, electrical laws and analysis tools are introduced, including Ohm's Law, Kirchhoff's Laws, Coulomb's Law, capacitors, and the fluid/electrical analogy. Culminating the electrical portion are chapters covering Nernst and membrane potentials and Fourier transforms. Examples are solved throughout the book and problems with answers are given at the end of each chapter. A semester-long Major Project that models the human systemic cardiovascular system, utilizing both a Matlab numerical simulation and an electrical analog circuit, ties many of the book's concepts together. Table of Contents: Ohm's Law: Current, Voltage and Resistance / Kirchhoff's Voltage and Current Laws: Circuit Analysis / Operational Amplifiers / Coulomb's Law, Capacitors and the Fluid/Electrical Analogy / Series and Parallel Combinations / Thevenin Equivalent Circuits / Nernst Potential: Cell Membrane Equivalent Circuit / Fourier Transforms: Alternating Currents (AC)

  • No title

    Intended as an introduction to the field of biomedical engineering, this book covers the topics of biomechanics (Part I) and bioelectricity (Part II). Each chapter emphasizes a fundamental principle or law, such as Darcy's Law, Poiseuille's Law, Hooke's Law, Starling's Law, levers, and work in the area of fluid, solid, and cardiovascular biomechanics. In addition, electrical laws and analysis tools are introduced, including Ohm's Law, Kirchhoff's Laws, Coulomb's Law, capacitors, and the fluid/electrical analogy. Culminating the electrical portion are chapters covering Nernst and membrane potentials and Fourier transforms. Examples are solved throughout the book and problems with answers are given at the end of each chapter. A semester-long Major Project that models the human systemic cardiovascular system, utilizing both a Matlab numerical simulation and an electrical analog circuit, ties many of the book's concepts together.

  • Index

    This book proposes a transdisciplinary approach to investigating human motor control that synthesizes musculoskeletal biomechanics and neural control. The authors argue that this integrated approach -- which uses the framework of robotics to understand sensorimotor control problems -- offers a more complete and accurate description than either a purely neural computational approach or a purely biomechanical one.The authors offer an account of motor control in which explanatory models are based on experimental evidence using mathematical approaches reminiscent of physics. These computational models yield algorithms for motor control that may be used as tools to investigate or treat diseases of the sensorimotor system and to guide the development of algorithms and hardware that can be incorporated into products designed to assist with the tasks of daily living. The authors focus on the insights their approach offers in understanding how movement of the arm is controlled and how the control adapts to changing environments. The book begins with muscle mechanics and control, progresses in a logical manner to planning and behavior, and describes applications in neurorehabilitation and robotics. The material is self-contained, and accessible to researchers and professionals in a range of fields, including psychology, kinesiology, neurology, computer science, and robotics.

  • No title

    This book is concerned with the study of continuum mechanics applied to biological systems, i.e., continuum biomechanics. This vast and exciting subject allows description of when a bone may fracture due to excessive loading, how blood behaves as both a solid and fluid, down to how cells respond to mechanical forces that lead to changes in their behavior, a process known as mechanotransduction. We have written for senior undergraduate students and first year graduate students in mechanical or biomedical engineering, but individuals working at biotechnology companies that deal in biomaterials or biomechanics should also find the information presented relevant and easily accessible. Table of Contents: Tensor Calculus / Kinematics of a Continuum / Stress / Elasticity / Fluids / Blood and Circulation / Viscoelasticity / Poroelasticity and Thermoelasticity / Biphasic Theory

  • Locating Odor Sources in Turbulence with a Lobster Inspired Robot

    Our lobster bio-mimic, "Robolobster" is designed to test chemical orientation strategies that real lobsters and other animals might use to locate odor sources such as food and mates. The size, speed and maneuverability of Robolobstcr compare to those of the real animal but no effort is made to model lobster biomechanics. Instead, our studies emphasize chemosensory processing at the temporal scale of lobsters navigating to odor sources under turbulent flow conditions. Robotic explorations of "standard" (i.e. statistically reproducible) turbulent odor plumes using simple orientation strategies have revealed two distinct plume regions: the "proximal jet", where the orientation task is relatively easy and the "distal patch field" where simple algorithms have proven to be inadequate. Physical investigations of odor dispersal in turbulent plumes demonstrate that in the distal patch field a simple gradient ascent mechanism cannot reliably guide a robot to the source. This paper outlines our initial results and suggests alternative strategies the (Robo-) lobster might use in the distal patch field to navigate to the source.

  • References

    This book proposes a transdisciplinary approach to investigating human motor control that synthesizes musculoskeletal biomechanics and neural control. The authors argue that this integrated approach -- which uses the framework of robotics to understand sensorimotor control problems -- offers a more complete and accurate description than either a purely neural computational approach or a purely biomechanical one.The authors offer an account of motor control in which explanatory models are based on experimental evidence using mathematical approaches reminiscent of physics. These computational models yield algorithms for motor control that may be used as tools to investigate or treat diseases of the sensorimotor system and to guide the development of algorithms and hardware that can be incorporated into products designed to assist with the tasks of daily living. The authors focus on the insights their approach offers in understanding how movement of the arm is controlled and how the control adapts to changing environments. The book begins with muscle mechanics and control, progresses in a logical manner to planning and behavior, and describes applications in neurorehabilitation and robotics. The material is self-contained, and accessible to researchers and professionals in a range of fields, including psychology, kinesiology, neurology, computer science, and robotics.

  • Applications in Movement and Gait Analysis

    This chapter contains sections titled: Relevance of Electromyography in Kinesiology Typical Acquisition Settings Study of Motor Control Strategies Investigation on the Mechanical Effect of Muscle Contraction Gait Analysis Identification of Pathophysiologic Factors Workload Assessment in Occupational Biomechanics Biofeedback The Linear Envelope Information Enhancement through Multifactorial Analysis References

  • No title

    This eight-chapter monograph intends to present basic principles and applications of biomechanics in bone tissue engineering in order to assist tissue engineers in design and use of tissue-engineered products for repair and replacement of damaged/deformed bone tissues. Briefly, Chapter 1 gives an overall review of biomechanics in the field of bone tissue engineering. Chapter 2 provides detailed information regarding the composition and architecture of bone. Chapter 3 discusses the current methodologies for mechanical testing of bone properties (i.e., elastic, plastic, damage/fracture, viscoelastic/viscoplastic properties). Chapter 4 presents the current understanding of the mechanical behavior of bone and the associated underlying mechanisms. Chapter 5 discusses the structure and properties of scaffolds currently used for bone tissue engineering applications. Chapter 6 gives a brief discussion of current mechanical and structural tests of repair/tissue engineered bone tissues. Chapter 7 summarizes the properties of repair/tissue engineered bone tissues currently attained. Finally, Chapter 8 discusses the current issues regarding biomechanics in the area of bone tissue engineering. Table of Contents: Introduction / Bone Composition and Structure / Current Mechanical Test Methodologies / Mechanical Behavior of Bone / Structure and Properties of Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Regeneration / Mechanical and Structural Evaluation of Repair/Tissue Engineered Bone / Mechanical and Structural Properties of Tissues Engineered/Repair Bone / Current Issues of Biomechanics in Bone Tissue Engineering

  • Appendix: Variable Definitions

    This book proposes a transdisciplinary approach to investigating human motor control that synthesizes musculoskeletal biomechanics and neural control. The authors argue that this integrated approach -- which uses the framework of robotics to understand sensorimotor control problems -- offers a more complete and accurate description than either a purely neural computational approach or a purely biomechanical one.The authors offer an account of motor control in which explanatory models are based on experimental evidence using mathematical approaches reminiscent of physics. These computational models yield algorithms for motor control that may be used as tools to investigate or treat diseases of the sensorimotor system and to guide the development of algorithms and hardware that can be incorporated into products designed to assist with the tasks of daily living. The authors focus on the insights their approach offers in understanding how movement of the arm is controlled and how the control adapts to changing environments. The book begins with muscle mechanics and control, progresses in a logical manner to planning and behavior, and describes applications in neurorehabilitation and robotics. The material is self-contained, and accessible to researchers and professionals in a range of fields, including psychology, kinesiology, neurology, computer science, and robotics.

  • No title

    Disorders related to the intervertebral disc (IVD) are common causes of morbidity and of severe life quality deterioration. IVD degeneration, although in many cases asymptomatic, is often the origin of painful neck and back diseases. In Western societies IVD related pain and disability account for enormous health care costs as a result of work absenteeism and thus lost production, disability benefits, medical and insurance expenses. Although only a small percentage of patients with disc disorders finally will undergo surgery, spinal surgery has been one of the fastest growing disciplines in the musculoskeletal field in recent years. Nevertheless, current treatment options are still a matter of controversial discussion. In particular, they hardly can restore normal spine biomechanics and prevent degeneration of adjacent tissues. While degeneration affects all areas of the IVD, the most constant and noticeable changes occur in the gel-like central part, the nucleus pulposus (NP). Recent emphasis has therefore been put in biological ways to regenerate the NP; however, there are a number of obstacles to overcome, considering the exceptional biological and biomechanical environment of this tissue. Different biological approaches such as molecular, gene, and cell based therapies have been investigated and have shown promising results in both in vitro and in vivo studies. Nonetheless, considerable hurdles still exist in their application for IVD regeneration in human patients. The choice of the cells and the choice of the cell carrier suitable for implantation pose major challenges for research and development activities. This lecture recapitulates the basics of IVD structure, function, and degeneration mechanisms. The first part reviews the recent progress in the field of disc and stem cell based regenerative approaches. In the second part, most appropriate biomaterials that have been evaluated as cell or molecule carrier to cope with degenerative disc disease are outlin d. The potential and limitations of cell- and biomaterial-based treatment strategies and perspectives for future clinical applications are discussed. Table of Contents: Cell Therapy for Nucleus Pulposus Regeneration / Recent Advances in Biomaterial Based Tissue Engineering for Intervertebral Disc Regeneration



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