Conferences related to Ions

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2015 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Sciences (ICOPS)

Basic Processes in Fully and Partially Ionized Plasmas; Microwave Generation and Plasma Interactions; Charged Particle Beams and Sources; High Energy Density Plasmas and Applications; Industrial, Commercial, and Medical Plasma Applications; Plasma Diagnostics; Pulsed Power and other Plasma Applications.


2014 IEEE 18th International Conference on Dielectric Liquids (ICDL)

International Conference on Dielectric Liquids is a research-oriented conference focused on exchange and discussion of ideas, research results and practical experience on properties, dielectric phenomena and applications of insulating liquids. It is addressed to physicists, chemists,material scientists and electrical engineers who are engaged in the research and practical applications of such materials.

  • 2011 IEEE 17th International Conference on Dielectric Liquids (ICDL)

    The conference is an interdiciplinary forum for presentation and discussion on research on properties, phenomena and application concerning dielectric liquids.

  • 2008 IEEE International Conference on Dielectric Liquids (ICDL 2008)

    The conference is an interdisciplinary forum for the presentation and discussion of ideas and practical experience on properties, phenomena and applications of dielectric liquids.



Periodicals related to Ions

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Xplore Articles related to Ions

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Low energy part of the CONCERT high-power proton linac

R. Ferdinand; B. Aune; P. -Y. Beauvais; R. Duperrier; M. Desmons; R. Gobin; P. Gros; J. -L. Laclare; J. -M. Lagniel; N. Pichoff; D. Uriot; K. Bongardt; R. Maier; S. Martin; Y. Senichev; H. Klein; A. Schempp PACS2001. Proceedings of the 2001 Particle Accelerator Conference (Cat. No.01CH37268), 2001

The 1.3 GeV linac of the CONCERT multi-users facility has to accelerate protons and H- ions in a series of current pulses distributed over each 20 ms period. The peak current is identical for all pulses to keep the space charge forces about constant apart from a slight emittance change between H+ and H- bunches. The beam power required for ...


SC proton linac for the CONCERT multi-users facility

B. Aune; A. Curtoni; M. Desmons; G. Devanz; J. L. Laclare; J. M. Lagniel; M. Luong; A. Mosnier; N. Pichoff; H. Safa; C. Travier; D. Uriot; K. Bongardt; R. Maier; S. Martin PACS2001. Proceedings of the 2001 Particle Accelerator Conference (Cat. No.01CH37268), 2001

The 1.3 GeV linac of the CONCERT multi-users facility has to accelerate protons and H- ions in a series of current pulses distributed over each 20 ms period. The peak current is identical for all pulses to keep the space charge forces about constant apart from a slight emittance change between H+ and H- bunches. The beam power required for ...


Application of massively parallel machines to molecular dynamics simulation of free clusters

L. L. Boyer; P. J. Edwardson Proceedings., 2nd Symposium on the Frontiers of Massively Parallel Computation, 1988

Molecular dynamics is used to examine the melting of a free cluster of up to 1000 sodium and fluoride ions. An algorithm designed originally for the distributed array processor (DAP) is implemented on the Connection Machine (CM), and their performance for this problem is compared with that of the Cray 1. The CM would be twice as fast as the ...


The cyclotron

W. M. Brobeck Electrical Engineering, 1942

Possible relationships of the cyclotron to future engineering developments are considered in this article, which describes the development of atomic accelerating devices, the operating principle and construction of a typical cyclotron, and the uses to which it is now being put.


Promotion of nitriding in surface layers of metals by preparative irradiation of REB

H. Matsushita; M. Sato; H. Iwasaki; S. Nobuhara; R. Ando; M. Masuzaki; M. Nunogaki; T. Okada 1994 10th International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams, 1994

Various nitriding methods have been popularly used to make hard in surface layers of pure-irons, but it has taken a long processing time to obtain thick nitriding layers. In order to reduce this processing time, we tried irradiation of REB to a metal before it was processed by a nitrogen plasma. By this irradiation, many defections are formed in the ...


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Educational Resources on Ions

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eLearning

Low energy part of the CONCERT high-power proton linac

R. Ferdinand; B. Aune; P. -Y. Beauvais; R. Duperrier; M. Desmons; R. Gobin; P. Gros; J. -L. Laclare; J. -M. Lagniel; N. Pichoff; D. Uriot; K. Bongardt; R. Maier; S. Martin; Y. Senichev; H. Klein; A. Schempp PACS2001. Proceedings of the 2001 Particle Accelerator Conference (Cat. No.01CH37268), 2001

The 1.3 GeV linac of the CONCERT multi-users facility has to accelerate protons and H- ions in a series of current pulses distributed over each 20 ms period. The peak current is identical for all pulses to keep the space charge forces about constant apart from a slight emittance change between H+ and H- bunches. The beam power required for ...


SC proton linac for the CONCERT multi-users facility

B. Aune; A. Curtoni; M. Desmons; G. Devanz; J. L. Laclare; J. M. Lagniel; M. Luong; A. Mosnier; N. Pichoff; H. Safa; C. Travier; D. Uriot; K. Bongardt; R. Maier; S. Martin PACS2001. Proceedings of the 2001 Particle Accelerator Conference (Cat. No.01CH37268), 2001

The 1.3 GeV linac of the CONCERT multi-users facility has to accelerate protons and H- ions in a series of current pulses distributed over each 20 ms period. The peak current is identical for all pulses to keep the space charge forces about constant apart from a slight emittance change between H+ and H- bunches. The beam power required for ...


Application of massively parallel machines to molecular dynamics simulation of free clusters

L. L. Boyer; P. J. Edwardson Proceedings., 2nd Symposium on the Frontiers of Massively Parallel Computation, 1988

Molecular dynamics is used to examine the melting of a free cluster of up to 1000 sodium and fluoride ions. An algorithm designed originally for the distributed array processor (DAP) is implemented on the Connection Machine (CM), and their performance for this problem is compared with that of the Cray 1. The CM would be twice as fast as the ...


The cyclotron

W. M. Brobeck Electrical Engineering, 1942

Possible relationships of the cyclotron to future engineering developments are considered in this article, which describes the development of atomic accelerating devices, the operating principle and construction of a typical cyclotron, and the uses to which it is now being put.


Promotion of nitriding in surface layers of metals by preparative irradiation of REB

H. Matsushita; M. Sato; H. Iwasaki; S. Nobuhara; R. Ando; M. Masuzaki; M. Nunogaki; T. Okada 1994 10th International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams, 1994

Various nitriding methods have been popularly used to make hard in surface layers of pure-irons, but it has taken a long processing time to obtain thick nitriding layers. In order to reduce this processing time, we tried irradiation of REB to a metal before it was processed by a nitrogen plasma. By this irradiation, many defections are formed in the ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Electrohydrodynamics of Unipolar Ion Flows

    The ion flow identifies with a subsonic ion drift guided by the pattern of an electric field, and, as such, it can only assume a filamentary space structure. This issue is what characterizes this chapter as a whole. Ancillary sections of the chapter progressively introduce the reader into the multichanneled scenario of moving ions. The chapter discusses the combined mass-charge notion and the specialized conservation laws for charge, mass, momentum, and energy, as well as about Gauss's law, ion mobility, and Deutsch's hypothesis. It discusses the ion-drift equation and ion wind generation and propagation. The chapter ends with a discussion on Laplacian structure for ion flows.

  • Technology Towards GaAs MESFETbased IC for High Temperature Applications

    A GaAs MESFET technology for the fabrication of devices, specially developed for continuous, reliable operation at high temperatures is presented. The technology is based on highly stable ohmic and Schottky contacts containing WSiN diffusion barriers and is optimized towards minimum temperature induced leakage currents across the substrate or along the semiconductor surface. The isolation of individual devices on chip is accomplished by multiple implantations of O++-ions at different energies. Drain/source leakage currents at high temperatures are significantly reduced due to the use of GaAs epitaxial MESFET wafers with an AIAs/GaAs superlattice structure followed by a p--buffer. MESFETs, fabricated by using this technology, have been optimized to match the requirements for continuous operation at high temperatures up to 300°C and have been successfully implemented in high temperature MMICs. Microwave circuits such as mixers, buffer amplifiers and voltage controlled oscillators aswell as operational amplifiers have been realized and characterized at temperatures up to 300°C. © 1997 Elsevier Science S.A.

  • An Instability Condition for Lossless Systems

    This study considers the instabilities that result when an electron beam is injected into a plasma. A number of different models of the system are considered, and all instabilities are classified according to whether they are convective instabilities (amplifying waves) or nonconvective (absolute) instabilities. The study also analyzes the instabilities in unbounded beam- plasma systems and in systems of finite extent transverse to the electron stream and gives a detailed consideration of the possibility of a strong interaction with the ions in a hot-electron plasma. In addition, the author presents mathematical criteria for identifying absolute instabilities and amplifying waves. These criteria are based only on an analysis of the dispersion equation of the system and are not restricted to beam-plasma systems.Two things need to be said about this book: the chapter on absolute and convective instabilities makes an important contribution to the field. Second, it should be pointed out that the theoretical results are reduced to a form which make them readily available to an experimentalist. Plasma physicists and electronic engineers will be interested in this work.

  • Index

    Acts as a single source reference providing readers with an overview of how computer vision can contribute to the different applications in the field of road transportation This book presents a survey of computer vision techniques related to three key broad problems in the roadway transportation domain: safety, efficiency, and law enforcement. The individual chapters present significant applications within these problem domains, each presented in a tutorial manner, describing the motivation for and benefits of the application, and a description of the state of the art. Key features * Surveys the applications of computer vision techniques to road transportation systems for the purposes of improving safety and efficiency and to assist law enforcement * Offers a timely discussion as computer vision is reaching a point of being useful in the field of transportation systems * Available as an enhanced eBook ISBN 9781118971635 with integrated video demonstra ions to further explain the concepts discussed in the book, as well as links to publicly available software and data sets for testing and algorithm development The book will benefit the many researchers, engineers and practitioners of computer vision, digital imaging, automotive and civil engineering working in intelligent transportation systems. Given the breadth of topics covered, the text will present the reader with new possibilities for application within their communities.

  • Excitable Tissue

    The nervous system includes voluntary and autonomic (sympathetic and parasympathetic) systems. This book is devoted almost entirely to the voluntary system. The system consists mostly of excitable tissue - sensory receptors, neuron cell bodies, axons, and muscle fibers. If you step on a sharp object, it stimulates sensory receptors that in turn stimulate neurons; the latter send action potentials (APs) via axons to interneurons and motoneurons in the spinal cord. The motoneurons send APs to the appropriate muscles, which contract so as to make you jump off the object. Some of the activity involves atomic dimensions and, because distances are so small, time intervals are correspondingly small. It takes a factor of about 107 to transform atomic distances into dimensions that are familiar to us. For example, most atoms and simple compounds, if magnified by 107, turn out to be 3 mm (0.12 in.) in diameter. One centimeter multiplied by 107 equals 100 km (62 mi.). In time, one second multiplied by 107 is almost equal to 4 months. Sensory receptors are usually at rest when they are unstimulated. Neuron cell bodies are at rest when they are not generating APs, while muscle fibers and axons are at rest when they are not carrying APs (that is, no APs are propagating along the muscle fiber or axon). Body tissues are bathed in fluid that has an excess of sodium and chloride ions. Internally, excitable tissue at rest has an excess of potassium and large organic negative ions. This external-internal combination forms a battery that makes the inside of the tissue 60 to 90 mV more negative than the outside. The electric field across the membrane is very high - up to 12,000 V/mm. The physiologically compatible ionic concentrations are maintained by sodium and potassium pumps.

  • Glossary of Common Symbols

    This study considers the instabilities that result when an electron beam is injected into a plasma. A number of different models of the system are considered, and all instabilities are classified according to whether they are convective instabilities (amplifying waves) or nonconvective (absolute) instabilities. The study also analyzes the instabilities in unbounded beam- plasma systems and in systems of finite extent transverse to the electron stream and gives a detailed consideration of the possibility of a strong interaction with the ions in a hot-electron plasma. In addition, the author presents mathematical criteria for identifying absolute instabilities and amplifying waves. These criteria are based only on an analysis of the dispersion equation of the system and are not restricted to beam-plasma systems.Two things need to be said about this book: the chapter on absolute and convective instabilities makes an important contribution to the field. Second, it should be pointed out that the theoretical results are reduced to a form which make them readily available to an experimentalist. Plasma physicists and electronic engineers will be interested in this work.

  • Transverse Beam Waves

    This study considers the instabilities that result when an electron beam is injected into a plasma. A number of different models of the system are considered, and all instabilities are classified according to whether they are convective instabilities (amplifying waves) or nonconvective (absolute) instabilities. The study also analyzes the instabilities in unbounded beam- plasma systems and in systems of finite extent transverse to the electron stream and gives a detailed consideration of the possibility of a strong interaction with the ions in a hot-electron plasma. In addition, the author presents mathematical criteria for identifying absolute instabilities and amplifying waves. These criteria are based only on an analysis of the dispersion equation of the system and are not restricted to beam-plasma systems.Two things need to be said about this book: the chapter on absolute and convective instabilities makes an important contribution to the field. Second, it should be pointed out that the theoretical results are reduced to a form which make them readily available to an experimentalist. Plasma physicists and electronic engineers will be interested in this work.

  • No title

    In the 1980s, traditional Business Intelligence (BI) systems focused on the delivery of reports that describe the state of business activities in the past, such as for questions like "How did our sales perform during the last quarter?" A decade later, there was a shift to more interactive content that presented how the business was performing at the present time, answering questions like "How are we doing right now?" Today the focus of BI users are looking into the future. "Given what I did before and how I am currently doing this quarter, how will I do next quarter?" Furthermore, fuelled by the demands of Big Data, BI systems are going through a time of incredible change. Predictive analytics, high volume data, unstructured data, social data, mobile, consumable analytics, and data visualization are all examples of demands and capabilities that have become critical within just the past few years, and are growing at an unprecedented pace. This book introduces research problems and solu ions on various aspects central to next-generation BI systems. It begins with a chapter on an industry perspective on how BI has evolved, and discusses how game-changing trends have drastically reshaped the landscape of BI. One of the game changers is the shift toward the consumerization of BI tools. As a result, for BI tools to be successfully used by business users (rather than IT departments), the tools need a business model, rather than a data model. One chapter of the book surveys four different types of business modeling. However, even with the existence of a business model for users to express queries, the data that can meet the needs are still captured within a data model. The next chapter on vivification addresses the problem of closing the gap, which is often significant, between the business and the data models. Moreover, Big Data forces BI systems to integrate and consolidate multiple, and often wildly different, data sources. One chapter gives an overview of several integ ation architectures for dealing with the challenges that need to be overcome. While the book so far focuses on the usual structured relational data, the remaining chapters turn to unstructured data, an ever-increasing and important component of Big Data. One chapter on information extraction describes methods for dealing with the extraction of relations from free text and the web. Finally, BI users need tools to visualize and interpret new and complex types of information in a way that is compelling, intuitive, but accurate. The last chapter gives an overview of information visualization for decision support and text.

  • Thermal, Relaxation, and Resonance Phenomena in Paramagnetic Materials

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Summary of Thermodynamic Relationships The Magnetocaloric Effect: The Production and Measurement of Low Temperatures The Susceptibility in an Alternating Magnetic Field Spin-Lattice Relaxation Spin-Spin Relaxation Conditions for Paramagnetic Resonance Line Widths: The Effect of Damping Fine and Hyperfine Structure: The Spin-Hamiltonian The Spectra of the Transition Group Ions The Spectra of Paramagnetic Molecules and Other Systems The Three-Level Maser and Laser

  • Derivation of One-Dimensional Dispersion Equation

    This study considers the instabilities that result when an electron beam is injected into a plasma. A number of different models of the system are considered, and all instabilities are classified according to whether they are convective instabilities (amplifying waves) or nonconvective (absolute) instabilities. The study also analyzes the instabilities in unbounded beam- plasma systems and in systems of finite extent transverse to the electron stream and gives a detailed consideration of the possibility of a strong interaction with the ions in a hot-electron plasma. In addition, the author presents mathematical criteria for identifying absolute instabilities and amplifying waves. These criteria are based only on an analysis of the dispersion equation of the system and are not restricted to beam-plasma systems.Two things need to be said about this book: the chapter on absolute and convective instabilities makes an important contribution to the field. Second, it should be pointed out that the theoretical results are reduced to a form which make them readily available to an experimentalist. Plasma physicists and electronic engineers will be interested in this work.




Jobs related to Ions

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