Conferences related to Mitigation

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2020 IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D)

Bi-Annual IEEE PES T&D conference. Largest T&D conference in North America.


Oceans 2020 MTS/IEEE GULF COAST

To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.

  • OCEANS 2018 MTS/IEEE Charleston

    Ocean, coastal, and atmospheric science and technology advances and applications

  • OCEANS 2017 - Anchorage

    Papers on ocean technology, exhibits from ocean equipment and service suppliers, student posters and student poster competition, tutorials on ocean technology, workshops and town meetings on policy and governmental process.

  • OCEANS 2016

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 500 technical papers and 150 -200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2015

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2014

    The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2013

    Three days of 8-10 tracks of technical sessions (400-450 papers) and concurent exhibition (150-250 exhibitors)

  • OCEANS 2012

    Ocean related technology. Tutorials and three days of technical sessions and exhibits. 8-12 parallel technical tracks.

  • OCEANS 2011

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2010

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2009

  • OCEANS 2008

    The Marine Technology Society (MTS) and the Oceanic Engineering Society (OES) of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) cosponsor a joint conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, education, and policy. Held annually in the fall, it has become a focal point for the ocean and marine community to meet, learn, and exhibit products and services. The conference includes technical sessions, workshops, student poster sessions, job fairs, tutorials and a large exhibit.

  • OCEANS 2007

  • OCEANS 2006

  • OCEANS 2005

  • OCEANS 2004

  • OCEANS 2003

  • OCEANS 2002

  • OCEANS 2001

  • OCEANS 2000

  • OCEANS '99

  • OCEANS '98

  • OCEANS '97

  • OCEANS '96


2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore


2019 56th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

EDA (Electronics Design Automation) is becoming ever more important with the continuous scaling of semiconductor devices and the growing complexities of their use in circuits and systems. Demands for lower-power, higher-reliability and more agile electronic systems raise new challenges to both design and design automation of such systems. For the past five decades, the primary focus of research track at DAC has been to showcase leading-edge research and practice in tools and methodologies for the design of circuits and systems.

  • 2022 59th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2021 58th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2020 57th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2018 55th ACM//IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2017 54th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2016 53nd ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2015 52nd ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2014 51st ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    DAC Description for TMRF The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading

  • 2013 50th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 session on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organization attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2012 49th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference (DAC) is the premier event for the design of electronic circuits and systems, and for EDA and silicon solutions. DAC features a wide array of technical presentations plus over 200 of the leading electronics design suppliers

  • 2011 48th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference is the world s leading technical conference and tradeshow on electronic design and design automation. DAC is where the IC Design and EDA ecosystem learns, networks, and does business.

  • 2010 47th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference (DAC) is the premier event for the design of electronic circuits and systems, and for EDA and silicon solutions. DAC features a wide array of technical presentations plus over 200 of the leading electronics design suppliers.

  • 2009 46th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    DAC is the premier event for the electronic design community. DAC offers the industry s most prestigious technical conference in combination with the biggest exhibition, bringing together design, design automation and manufacturing market influencers.

  • 2008 45th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference (DAC) is the premier event for the design of electronic circuits and systems, and for EDA and silicon solutions. DAC features a wide array of technical presentations plus over 250 of the leading electronics design suppliers.

  • 2007 44th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference (DAC) is the premier Electronic Design Automation (EDA) and silicon solution event. DAC features over 50 technical sessions covering the latest in design methodologies and EDA tool developments and an Exhibition and Demo Suite area with over 250 of the leading EDA, silicon and IP Providers.

  • 2006 43rd ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2005 42nd ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2004 41st ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2003 40th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2002 39th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2001 38th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2000 37th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 1999 36th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 1998 35th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 1997 34th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 1996 33rd ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)


2019 IEEE 20th International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC)

For its 20th year edition, the IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC) 2019, returns to the country that saw its birth, France. Held in Cannes, in the heart of the world renown “French Riviera” (Cote d’Azur in French), the SPAWC 2019 will exhibit a technical program complete with high profile plenaries, invited and contributed papers, all appearing under IEEE explore. A flagship workshop of the IEEE SP Society SPCOM technical committee, SPAWC 2019 will combine cutting edge research in the fields of signal processing, statistical learning, communication theory, wireless networking and more, together with an exciting social program on the glamorous and sunny Riviera.


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Periodicals related to Mitigation

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, IEEE Transactions on

Part I will now contain regular papers focusing on all matters related to fundamental theory, applications, analog and digital signal processing. Part II will report on the latest significant results across all of these topic areas.


Communications Letters, IEEE

Covers topics in the scope of IEEE Transactions on Communications but in the form of very brief publication (maximum of 6column lengths, including all diagrams and tables.)


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Most published Xplore authors for Mitigation

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Xplore Articles related to Mitigation

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Research on long-span public building safety design strategy based on “Disaster reduction and carbon mitigation” view

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'School of Architecture, Harbin Institute of Technology, China', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37892684600', u'full_name': u'Ligang Shi', u'id': 37892684600}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'School of Architecture, Harbin Institute of Technology, China', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37897880400', u'full_name': u'Shijun Sun', u'id': 37897880400}] 2011 International Conference on Electric Technology and Civil Engineering (ICETCE), 2011

This article viewed that disaster reduction and carbon mitigation complement each other, parallel, constitute the macro background of building safety together. As the sociopetal space and important urban space node, long-span public building served as temporary shelter after disasters,therefore, its safety study on the disaster reduction and carbon mitigation was self evident important. On this basis, this article investigated structure ...


Potential of renewable energy from waste mitigation of gas emissions of CH<inf>4</inf> and CO<inf>2</inf> in Bontang City, East Borneo

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical Engineering Univ. Hasanuddin Makassar 90245, Indonesia', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37086127696', u'full_name': u'Sitti Hamnah Ahsan', u'id': 37086127696}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical Engineering Univ. Hasanuddin Makassar 90245, Indonesia', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37828642000', u'full_name': u'Salama Manjang', u'id': 37828642000}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical Engineering Univ. Hasanuddin Makassar 90245, Indonesia', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37086127103', u'full_name': u'Syafaruddin', u'id': 37086127103}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical Engineering Univ. Hasanuddin Makassar 90245, Indonesia', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/38252878800', u'full_name': u'Mema Baharuddin', u'id': 38252878800}] 2017 IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid and Smart Cities (ICSGSC), 2017

The study is aimed to determine the potential of electrical energy from the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, mainly methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) based on the composition of municipal waste generated in Bontang City of East Borneo. The research was conducted by calculating the emissions of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change ...


Benchmarking Quasi-Steady State Cascading Outage Analysis Methodologies

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/38014903700', u'full_name': u'Pierre Henneaux', u'id': 38014903700}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/38496717500', u'full_name': u'Emanuele Ciapessoni', u'id': 38496717500}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37272503300', u'full_name': u'Diego Cirio', u'id': 37272503300}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/38509940700', u'full_name': u'Eduardo Cotilla-Sanchez', u'id': 38509940700}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37594709200', u'full_name': u'Ruisheng Diao', u'id': 37594709200}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37271467100', u'full_name': u'Ian Dobson', u'id': 37271467100}, {u'author_order': 7, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37886598900', u'full_name': u'Anish Gaikwad', u'id': 37886598900}, {u'author_order': 8, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37275111300', u'full_name': u'Stephen Miller', u'id': 37275111300}, {u'author_order': 9, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37846582700', u'full_name': u'Milorad Papic', u'id': 37846582700}, {u'author_order': 10, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37392753500', u'full_name': u'Andrea Pitto', u'id': 37392753500}, {u'author_order': 11, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37086435285', u'full_name': u'Junjian Qi', u'id': 37086435285}, {u'author_order': 12, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/38478660900', u'full_name': u'Nader Samaan', u'id': 38478660900}, {u'author_order': 13, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37990585900', u'full_name': u'Giovanni Sansavini', u'id': 37990585900}, {u'author_order': 14, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37086434662', u'full_name': u'Sunitha Uppalapati', u'id': 37086434662}, {u'author_order': 15, u'affiliation': u'The IEEE Working Group on Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures', u'authorUrl': u'https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/author/37086434566', u'full_name': u'Rui Yao', u'id': 37086434566}] 2018 IEEE International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), 2018

Various methodologies exist for assessing the risk of cascading outage in power systems, differing in the cascading mechanisms considered and in the way they are modeled. These methodologies can be classified in three groups: static computation (QSS methodologies), dynamic computation (dynamic methodologies), or a combination of both (hybrid methodologies). The objective of this paper is to benchmark the performance of ...


IEEE Guide for the Implementation of Inductive Coordination Mitigation Techniques and Applications--Corrigendum 1

[] IEEE STD 1137-1991/Cor1-2009, 2009

IEEE Std 1137trade-1991 provides guidance for controlling or modifying the inductive environment and the susceptibility of affected wire line telecommunications facilities in order to operate within the acceptable levels of steady-state or surge induced voltages of the environmental interface (probe wire) defined by IEEE Std 776trade-1987. Procedures for determining the source of the problem are given. Mitigation theory and philosophy ...


IEEE Approved Draft Recommended Practice for the Implementation of Inductive Coordination Mitigation Techniques and Application

[] IEEE P1137/D8, August 2018, 2018

Guidance for controlling or modifying the inductive environment and the susceptibility of affected wire line telecommunications facilities in order to operate within the acceptable levels of steady-state or surge induced voltages of the environmental interface (probe wire) defined by IEEE Std 776 is provided in this Recommended Practice. Procedures for determining the source of the problem are given. Mitigation theory ...


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Educational Resources on Mitigation

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eLearning

No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Mitigation"

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Head Injury Biomechanics, Volume 3--Mitigation

    Nearly 50,000 Americans die from brain injuries annually, with approximately half of all Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) being transportation-related. TBI is a critical and ever-evolving safety topic, with equally important components of injury prevention, consequences, and treatment. This book is part of a 3-volume set which presents a comprehensive look at recent head injury research and applies protective strategies to various injury scenarios, such as passenger vehicles, sports, and blast injuries, or to a particular demographic group, such as children or seniors. This volume features 14 technical papers. Editor Jeffrey A. Pike has selected the most relevant technical papers spanning the early 1990s through the beginning of 2011, including several older papers which provide an essential historical perspective. Each volume in the series also includes a table of references arranged by topic and a new chapter tying together anatomy, injury, and injury mechanism topics. Buy the Set and Save! Head Injury Biomechanics The three- volume set consists of these individual volumes: Head Injury Biomechanics, Volume 1--The Skull Head Injury Biomechanics, Volume 2--The Brain Head Injury Biomechanics, Volume 3--Mitigation

  • About the Editor

    Nearly 50,000 Americans die from brain injuries annually, with approximately half of all Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) being transportation-related. TBI is a critical and ever-evolving safety topic, with equally important components of injury prevention, consequences, and treatment. This book is part of a 3-volume set which presents a comprehensive look at recent head injury research and applies protective strategies to various injury scenarios, such as passenger vehicles, sports, and blast injuries, or to a particular demographic group, such as children or seniors. This volume features 14 technical papers. Editor Jeffrey A. Pike has selected the most relevant technical papers spanning the early 1990s through the beginning of 2011, including several older papers which provide an essential historical perspective. Each volume in the series also includes a table of references arranged by topic and a new chapter tying together anatomy, injury, and injury mechanism topics. Buy the Set and Save! Head Injury Biomechanics The three- volume set consists of these individual volumes: Head Injury Biomechanics, Volume 1--The Skull Head Injury Biomechanics, Volume 2--The Brain Head Injury Biomechanics, Volume 3--Mitigation

  • Basilar Skull Fractures by Crash Type and Injury Source

    Nearly 50,000 Americans die from brain injuries annually, with approximately half of all Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) being transportation-related. TBI is a critical and ever-evolving safety topic, with equally important components of injury prevention, consequences, and treatment. This book is part of a 3-volume set which presents a comprehensive look at recent head injury research and applies protective strategies to various injury scenarios, such as passenger vehicles, sports, and blast injuries, or to a particular demographic group, such as children or seniors. This volume features 14 technical papers. Editor Jeffrey A. Pike has selected the most relevant technical papers spanning the early 1990s through the beginning of 2011, including several older papers which provide an essential historical perspective. Each volume in the series also includes a table of references arranged by topic and a new chapter tying together anatomy, injury, and injury mechanism topics. Buy the Set and Save! Head Injury Biomechanics The three- volume set consists of these individual volumes: Head Injury Biomechanics, Volume 1--The Skull Head Injury Biomechanics, Volume 2--The Brain Head Injury Biomechanics, Volume 3--Mitigation

  • Online Decision Support for Controlled System Separation

    This chapter introduces the wide‐area measurement system (WAMS)‐based techniques for identification of generator grouping according to inter‐area oscillations between elementary coherent groups (ECGs). It presents measurement‐based spectral analysis method for determining 2‐cut separation boundaries and discusses its limitations on power systems because of the unavoidable drifting nature of the oscillation frequency with an electromechanical mode. The chapter explains the concept of the “Frequency‐Amplitude Curve” to characterize such frequency drifting. A phase‐locked loop‐based method is introduced for more accurate identification of generator grouping. The methods for out‐of‐step prediction are also introduced. Finally, the chapter demonstrates a WAMS‐based three‐stage scheme for online decision support of controlled system separation (CSS). The final time to take the action of CSS can be decided based on the real‐time absolute angle difference across each probable separation boundary identified from the online monitoring stage.

  • Restoration Methodology and Implementation Algorithms

    Power system restoration is highly challenging as it covers a wide spectrum of challenges and involves various independent entities. This chapter addresses the restoration of generating units and loads. With the topology of a system, a decision tree can be constructed based on the available generating units in a neighboring set of an energized block. By using the tree, the paths for cranking the generating units can be established. Industry practices in load restoration suggest that the amount, timing, and location of the load being restored should be controlled by restoration participants coordinately. The chapter formulates the mixed integer nonlinear load restoration (MINLR) model to maximize the load pickup subject to various constraints. It describes the construction of an efficient branch‐and‐cut solver for MINLR models. The basic idea of the branch‐and‐bound algorithm is to solve the continuous relaxation of a given integer programming model and to branch on a selected integer variable.

  • The Crash Depth Necessary in the Frontal Structure of a Car for Pedestrian Head Protection

    In the early stages of the car development process, it is very important to determine the necessary crash depth, such as the clearance between the hood and the underlying engine, with respect to pedestrian head protection.A review of past research indicates that the average deceleration magnitude and duration interval of an impact are important factors in the standard formula of Head Injury Criterion (HIC).In this paper, in order to predict the minimal crash depth in the direction of the impact, a simplified uniaxial model is used throughout the analysis and the constant (average) deceleration magnitude is used to construct an ideal square-type deceleration curve rather than the practical deceleration curve. The mathematics behind the requirements for satisfactory crash depth for pedestrian head protection is discussed in detail. The basic relationships between crash depth and practical structural characteristics, such as structural stiffness and inertial force, are also discussed theoretically.These studies are very useful not only for determining the necessary crash depth, but also for the development of actual crushable structures to improve vehicle assessment scores in the area of pedestrian head protection.

  • Black‐Start Capability Assessment and Optimization

    Black‐start (BS) capability is important for system planners to prepare the power system restoration (PSR) plan. This chapter utilizes a decision support tool to provide a quantitative way for assessing BS capability. BS service is an ancillary service that is procured for PSR after a complete or partial outage. PSR is a complex problem involving a large number of generation, transmission and distribution, and load constraints. PSR strategies can be categorized into six types, that is, build‐upward, build‐downward, build‐inward, build‐outward, build‐together, and serve‐critical. The mixed‐integer linear programming (MILP)‐based optimal generator start‐up strategy is able to provide the overall system generation capability and update the solution throughout the BS process. Based on the MILP modules of generation and transmission system restoration, the optimal installation of BS capabilities is formulated as the mixed‐integer bilevel programming (MIBLP) problem.

  • Renewable and Energy Storage in System Restoration

    This chapter addresses the most challenging problem of wind variability and uncertainty during the restoration period of a power system. It introduces an offline restoration planning tool that can be utilized by transmission system operators (TSOs) in the planning phase of restoration to effectively and securely harness the wind energy. System restoration consists of the following tasks: preparation and planning, black‐start unit (BSU) start‐up, transmission line energization, non‐black‐start unit (NBSUs) start‐up, and load pickup. Energy storages are viable solutions to accommodate wind power uncertainty and variability due to their flexible characteristics. Among different storage technologies, pumped storage hydro (PSH) unit is the most mature and economical option for large‐scale applications. In a distribution network, plug‐in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) offer a promising solution for bottom‐up restoration. PHEVs can be utilized as fast‐response energy resources to buffer energy for grid stabilization and speed up distribution system recovery.

  • Front Matter

    The prelims comprise: Half‐Title Page Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page Table of Contents About the Companion Website

  • Strategies for Controlled System Separation

    This chapter provides a detailed introduction of the graph‐theory and ordered binary decision diagram (OBDD)‐based methods. It discusses what constraints or criteria the separation points for controlled system separation (CSS) should meet. The chapter introduces two ways of formulating this problem in mathematics. When generators start to oscillate under disturbances, a general observation is that generators are clustered as two or more groups. The ways in which generators tend to group under disturbances are critical to the success of CSS. Separation strategies satisfying the generation coherency and power balance constraints can be solved as _k_ cuts of the graph model. Each _k_‐cut solution can easily be translated back into separation points on the original power network. For some power systems with more uncertainties in generator coherency and dynamics, the pattern of generator grouping may have to be judged by real‐time measurements on the actual system dynamics or even post‐disturbance system condition.



Standards related to Mitigation

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IEEE Guide for Animal Deterrents for Electric Power Supply Substations


IEEE Guide for Detection, Mitigation, and Control of Concentric Neutral Corrosion in Medium-Voltage Underground Cables

The primary focus of this guide is unjacketed, underground distribution cable installed direct buried or in conduit. The causes of corrosion in cable concentric neutral wires and straps and the methods available to detect this corrosion are described. The purpose of the concentric neutral and consequences of significant loss of the concentric neutral are discussed. Recommendations are made for the ...


IEEE Guide for the Implementation of Inductive Coordination Mitigation Techniques and Application

This Guide offers users assistance in controlling or modifying the inductive environment and the susceptibility of affected wire-line telecommunications facilities in order to operate within acceptable levels of steady-state or surge-induced voltage of the environmental interface (probe wire) defined by IEEE Srd 776. The methodology, application, and evaluation of results for mitigative techniques or devices in general are addressed for ...


IEEE Guide for the Implementation of Inductive Coordination Mitigation Techniques and Application

This Guide offers users assistance in controlling or modifying the inductive environment and the susceptibility of affected wire-line telecommunications facilities in order to operate within acceptable levels of steady-state or surge-induced voltage of the environmental interface (probe wire) defined by IEEE Srd 776. The methodology, application, and evaluation of results for mitigative techniques or devices in general are addressed for ...



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