Petroleum

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Petroleum or crude oil is a naturally occurring, flammable liquid consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and other liquid organic compounds, that are found in geologic formations beneath the Earth's surface. Petroleum is recovered mostly through oil drilling. This latter stage comes after the studies of structural geology (at the reservoir scale), sedimentary basin analysis, reservoir characterization (mainly in terms of porosity and permeable structures). (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Petroleum

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2018 IEEE Petroleum and Chemical Industry Technical Conference (PCIC)

The PCIC provides an international forum for the exchange of electrical applications technology related to the petroleum and chemical industry. The PCIC annual conference is rotated across North American locations of industry strength to attract national and international participation. User, manufacturer, consultant, and contractor participation is encouraged to strengthen the conference technical base. Success of the PCIC is built upon high quality papers, individual recognition, valued standards activities, mentoring, tutorials, networking, and conference sites that appeal to all.


IGARSS 2015 - 2015 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

The Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society (GRSS) seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields using conferences, education and other resources. Its fields of interest are the theory, concepts and techniques of science and engineering as they apply to the remote sensing of the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space, as well as the processing, interpretation and dissemination of this information.

  • IGARSS 2014 - 2014 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    GRSS seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields. IGARSS begins with a plenary session and tutorials on the most up-to-date topics. Paper, panel and poster sessions will be scheduled. The exhibit hall features the latest in geoscience instruments, equipment, software, publications, and scientific programs.

  • IGARSS 2013 - 2013 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    GRSS seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields. IGARSS begins with a plenary session and tutorials on the most up-to-date topics. Paper, panel and poster sessions will be scheduled. The exhibit hall features the latest in geoscience instruments, equipment, software, publications, and scientific programs.

  • IGARSS 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    Remote Sensing Techniques and Applications.

  • IGARSS 2011 - 2011 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    To gather world-class scientists, engineers and educators engaged in the fields of geoscience and remote sensing to meet and present their latest activities. Nearly 1900 participants from all over the world attended technical sessions, tutorials, exhibits and social activities at the 2010 event in Hawaii.

  • IGARSS 2010 - 2010 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    Remote Sensing techniques and applications

  • IGARSS 2009 - 2009 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

    The programme for Cape Town will have several special sessions, in addition to maintaining continuity of traditional GRSS themes. IGARSS 2009 will celebrate ten years of MODIS Earth observations, and five years of the GEOSS programme. On the technical side, special sessions on microsatellites will be organized. In terms of African development, several sessions on applications will address disaster preparedness and response, global change and adaptation, good governance and role of RS in health.


2013 7th IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies (DEST) - Complex Environment Engineering

The essence of digital ecosystems is the adoption of ecological system concepts, and creating value by making connections through collective intelligence and promoting collaboration instead of unbridled competition and ICT-based catalyst effects in a number of domains, to produce networked enriched communities and solutions. IEEE DEST 2013 with its special theme of - Complex Environment Engineering recognizes the key role of business process data modeling, representation and privacy-aware analysis for Digital Ecosystems, and vice versa. Further, the Innovation Adoption Forum underpins the importance of public-private partnership as the key for delivering sustainable solutions for our Complex Living and Business Environment – and thus our Digital Ecosystem Habitat. Our Keynotes, Panels and Sessions will tackle the multifaceted challenges and solutions from various stakeholders’ perspectives.

  • 2012 6th IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies (DEST) - Complex Environment Engineering

    Traditional ICT-support has often increased complexity, thus making the challenges even more severe. The Digital Ecosystem perspective aims to address the twofold challenge of Complex Environment Engineering and Digital Ecosystem Technology mapping. The complexity of both the challenges and the technological solutions has to be acknowledged.

  • 2011 5th IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies (DEST)

    The digital ecosystem is defined as an open, loosely coupled, demand-driven, domain clustered, agent-based self organized collaborative environment where species/agents form a temporary coalition (or longer term) for a specific purpose or goals, and everyone is proactive and responsive for its own benefit or profit. The essence of digital ecosystems is creating value by making connections through collective intelligence. Digital Ecosystems promote collaboration instead of unbridled competition and ICT based

  • 2010 4th IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies (DEST)

    The digital ecosystem is defined as an open, loosely coupled, demand driven, domain clustered, agent based self organized collaborative environment where species/agents form a temporary coalition (or longer term) for a specific purpose or goals, and everyone is proactive and responsive for its own benefit or profit. The essence of digital ecosystems is creating value by making connections through collective intelligence. Digital Ecosystems promote collaboration instead of unbridled competition and ICT based


2013 European Conference on Electrical and Instrumentation Applications in the Petroleum & Chemical Industry (PCIC EUROPE)

The purpose of the annual PCIC Europe conference is the exchange of experience in the practical application of electricity and instrumentation in the petroleum, chemical and pharaceutical industries.


2013 IEEE 11th International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN)

The aim of the conference is to bring together researchers and practitioners from industry and academia and provide them with a platform to report on recent developments, deployments, technology trends and research results, as well as initiatives related to industrial informatics and their application.


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Periodicals related to Petroleum

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on

The development and application of electric systems, apparatus, devices, and controls to the processes and equipment of industry and commerce; the promotion of safe, reliable, and economic installations; the encouragement of energy conservation; the creation of voluntary engineering standards and recommended practices.


Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on

Measurements and instrumentation utilizing electrical and electronic techniques.




Xplore Articles related to Petroleum

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The sugarcane ethanol power industry in Brazil: Obstacles, success and perspectives

J. Marques De Azevedo; F. D. Galiana 2009 IEEE Electrical Power & Energy Conference (EPEC), 2009

A brief history of the Brazilian ethanol industry and its success is presented, such as, today the ethanol consumption for car's fuel supply is higher, cheaper and very much cleaner than the gasoline fuel. In continuation, some of the fallacious myths against the Brazilian sugarcane ethanol are refuted. The evolution of the Brazilian ethanol power industry is showed. Brazil has ...


Adaptive local threshold with shape information and its application to object segmentation

Jichuan Shi; Hong Zhang 2009 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO), 2009

This paper presents a novel local threshold segmentation algorithm for digital images incorporating shape information. In image segmentation, most of local threshold algorithms are only based on intensity analysis. In many applications where an image contains objects with a similar shape, besides the intensity information, prior known shape attributes could be exploited to improve the segmentation. The goal of this ...


List of undergraduate engineering curricula accredited by ECPD as of October 29, 1948

Electrical Engineering, 1949

None


Analysis of direct cover algorithms for minimization of MVL functions

M. Abd-El-Barr; L. Al-Awami Proceedings of the 12th IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (Cat. No.03CH37442), 2003

There exist a number of algorithms for minimization of MVL functions. The main objective is to produce near minimal expressions for MVL functions at an affordable cost (measured in terms of CPU time). Among the proposed heuristic- based techniques, direct cover-based techniques have received the most attention. In this paper, we analyze two of the existing direct cover techniques in ...


Applications of GNSS in West Africa

Dagogo M. J. Fubara; Tahirus Abubakar Yakubu 2009 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2009

The applications of GNSS in West Africa are enhanced by the objectives of the African Geodetic Reference Frame (AFREF) which is to establish an unified reference frame through the use of Space Geodesy Techniques, GNSS in particular, to tie various national and regional reference networks of Africa. The use of GNSS in West Africa, currently involving mostly the Global Positioning ...


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Educational Resources on Petroleum

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eLearning

The sugarcane ethanol power industry in Brazil: Obstacles, success and perspectives

J. Marques De Azevedo; F. D. Galiana 2009 IEEE Electrical Power & Energy Conference (EPEC), 2009

A brief history of the Brazilian ethanol industry and its success is presented, such as, today the ethanol consumption for car's fuel supply is higher, cheaper and very much cleaner than the gasoline fuel. In continuation, some of the fallacious myths against the Brazilian sugarcane ethanol are refuted. The evolution of the Brazilian ethanol power industry is showed. Brazil has ...


Adaptive local threshold with shape information and its application to object segmentation

Jichuan Shi; Hong Zhang 2009 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO), 2009

This paper presents a novel local threshold segmentation algorithm for digital images incorporating shape information. In image segmentation, most of local threshold algorithms are only based on intensity analysis. In many applications where an image contains objects with a similar shape, besides the intensity information, prior known shape attributes could be exploited to improve the segmentation. The goal of this ...


List of undergraduate engineering curricula accredited by ECPD as of October 29, 1948

Electrical Engineering, 1949

None


Analysis of direct cover algorithms for minimization of MVL functions

M. Abd-El-Barr; L. Al-Awami Proceedings of the 12th IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (Cat. No.03CH37442), 2003

There exist a number of algorithms for minimization of MVL functions. The main objective is to produce near minimal expressions for MVL functions at an affordable cost (measured in terms of CPU time). Among the proposed heuristic- based techniques, direct cover-based techniques have received the most attention. In this paper, we analyze two of the existing direct cover techniques in ...


Applications of GNSS in West Africa

Dagogo M. J. Fubara; Tahirus Abubakar Yakubu 2009 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2009

The applications of GNSS in West Africa are enhanced by the objectives of the African Geodetic Reference Frame (AFREF) which is to establish an unified reference frame through the use of Space Geodesy Techniques, GNSS in particular, to tie various national and regional reference networks of Africa. The use of GNSS in West Africa, currently involving mostly the Global Positioning ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Approximate Dynamic Programming for Optimizing Oil Production

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Petroleum Reservoir Production Optimization Problem Review of Dynamic Programming and Approximate Dynamic Programming Approximate Dynamic Programming Algorithm for Reservoir Production Optimization Simulation Results Concluding Remarks References

  • Basic Engine Performance Equations

    This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

  • Electric and Plug???In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Shortage of petroleum is considered as one of the most critical worldwide issues today. At the same time, as of today, car owners worldwide, in general, spend more money at the gas station than they have done ever before. The most practical solution to the transportation industry oil???consumption crisis problems lies in commercially viable electric and plug???in hybrid electric vehicles (EVs and PHEVs). EVs and PHEVs present a significant opportunity to reduce greenhouse gases and dependence on oil. Major automotive companies have already developed exciting new EVs. This chapter presents the structure and basic design aspects of EVs and PHEVs. Future trends in EV manufacturing are also presented. Integration of EVs with green, renewable energy sources is presented, along with an introduction to the design of such systems. Various charging scenarios for EV batteries is presented, when charging at home, at work, or in between routes. Future advanced battery charging infrastructures, such as from combined PV and grid sources are also presented.

  • Heat Transfer by Forced Convection between a Tube and a Fluid

    This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

  • Properties of a Perfect Gas

    This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

  • The American Oasis and the Twentieth Century

    This chapter contains sections titled: The New Fuel and its Technology, The Automobile and the Assembly Line, The Aeroplane Industry, The Cracking of the New Larder: Petroleum, The Sinews of Hegemony, The Development of Electric Power, New Media, Electrical Techniques, Science And Society: Multi-purpose Hydro-electric Schemes, Production Engineering, Taylorism in Europe

  • Bibliography

    This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

  • Flow through Two Orifices in Series

    This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

  • Flow of Fluids

    This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

  • References

    In the nineteenth century, horse transportation consumed vast amounts of land for hay production, and the intense traffic and ankle-deep manure created miserable living conditions in urban centers. The introduction of the horseless carriage solved many of these problems but has created others. Today another revolution in transportation seems overdue. Transportation consumes two-thirds of the world's petroleum and has become the largest contributor to global environmental change. Most of this increase in scale can be attributed to the strong desire for personal mobility that comes with economic growth. In Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World, the authors present the first integrated assessment of the factors affecting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from passenger transportation. They examine such topics as past and future travel demand; the influence of personal and business choices on passenger travel's climate impact; technologies and alternative fuels that may become available to mitigate GHG emissions from passenger transport; and policies that would promote a more sustainable transportation system. And most important, taking into account all of these options are taken together, they consider how to achieve a sustainable transportation system in the next thirty to fifty years.



Standards related to Petroleum

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IEEE Guide for Specifying and Selecting Power, Control, and Special-Purpose Cable for Petroleum and Chemical Plants

The scope of this project has been expanded to no only cover power and control cables (per original PAR) but many types of special purpose cables used in the petroleum and chemical industry. This Guide provides the user information on cable standards, specifications, applications, installations, testing and areas of interest on cable pertaining to the petrochemical industry. Special purpose cables ...