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A metal is a chemical element that is a good conductor of both electricity and heat and forms cations and ionic bonds with non-metals. (

Conferences related to Metals

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2019 20th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems & Eurosensors XXXIII (TRANSDUCERS & EUROSENSORS XXXIII)

The world's premiere conference in MEMS sensors, actuators and integrated micro and nano systems welcomes you to attend this four-day event showcasing major technological, scientific and commercial breakthroughs in mechanical, optical, chemical and biological devices and systems using micro and nanotechnology.The major areas of activity in the development of Transducers solicited and expected at this conference include but are not limited to: Bio, Medical, Chemical, and Micro Total Analysis Systems Fabrication and Packaging Mechanical and Physical Sensors Materials and Characterization Design, Simulation and Theory Actuators Optical MEMS RF MEMS Nanotechnology Energy and Power

2019 IEEE Pulsed Power & Plasma Science (PPPS)

Combined conference of the IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science and the IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference

2019 URSI International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory (EMTS)

The interest of Commission B is fields and waves, encompassing theory, analysis, computation, experiments, validation and applications. Areas of emphasis are 1) Time-domain and frequency-domain phenomena, 2) Scattering and diffraction, 3) General propagation including waves in specialised media, 4) Guided waves, 5) Antennas and radiation, and 6) Inverse scattering and imaging.The Commission fosters the creation, development, and refinement of analytical, numerical, and measurement techniques to understand these phenomena. It encourages innovation and seeks to apply interdisciplinary concepts and methods.

2018 11th Global Symposium on Millimeter Waves (GSMM)

The main theme of the GSMM2018 is Millimeter-wave Propagation: Hardware, Measurements and Systems. It covers millimeter-wave and THz devices, circuits, systems, and applications, with a special focus on mmWave propagation. The conference will include keynote talks, technical sessions, panels, and exhibitions on the listed topics.

  • 2017 10th Global Symposium on Millimeter-Waves (GSMM)

    The main theme of the symposium is Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Sensing and Communications. It covers millimeter- wave and THz antennas, circuits, devices, systems and applications.

  • 2016 Global Symposium on Millimeter Waves (GSMM) & ESA Workshop on Millimetre-Wave Technology and Applications

    The main theme of the conference is millimeter-wave and terahertz sensing and communications and the conference covers different topics related to millimeter-wave and terahertz technologies, such as: antennas and propagation, passive and active devices, radio astronomy, earth observation and remote sensing, communications, wireless power transfer, integration and packaging, photonic systems, and emerging technologies.

  • 2015 Global Symposium On Millimeter Waves (GSMM)

    The main theme of the GSMM 2015 is “Future Millimeter-wave and Terahertz Wireless and Wireline”. It will cover all emerging and future millimeter wave and terahertz software and hardware aspects ranging from communicating devices, circuits, systems and applications to passive and active sensing and imaging technologies and applications. The GSMM 2015 will feature world-class keynote speeches, technical sessions, panel discussions and industrial exhibitions in the following (but not limited to) topics listed below.In addition to the regular program, the GSMM 2015 will organize a unique industrial forum for presenting and discussing future wireless technologies and trends including 5G and Terahertz Wireless Systems.

  • 2012 5th Global Symposium on Millimeter Waves (GSMM 2012)

    The aim of the conferences is to bring together people involved in research and development of millimeter-wave components, equipment and systems, and to explore common areas.

  • 2009 Global Symposium On Millimeter Waves (GSMM 2009)

    The GSMM2009 will be held in Sendai, Japan from April 20 to April 22, 2009. The GSMM2009 is the second international conference in its name after the three conferences of TSMMW, MINT-MIS, and MilliLab Workshop on Millimeter-wave Technology and Applications were integrated into GSMM (Global Symposium on Millimeter Waves) in 2007. The main theme of the GSMM2009 is "Millimeter Wave Communications at Hand" and it will focus on millimeter wave devices and systems to realize Giga-bit wireless applications. The

  • 2008 Global Symposium On Millimeter Waves (GSMM 2008)

    Frequency Management and Utilization, Millimeter-Wave Communication Systems, Devices and Circuit Technologies, Wireless Access Systems, Mobile Access Systems, Satellite Communications, LANs and PANs, Home Link Systems, Photonics, Antennas and Propagation, Phased Array Antennas, Signal Processing, Wearable Devices and Systems, Automotive Radars and Remote Sensing, Supporting and Related Technologies

2018 14th IEEE/ASME International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications (MESA)

The goal of the 14th ASME/IEEE MESA2018 is to bring together experts from the fields of mechatronic and embedded systems, disseminate the recent advances in the area, discuss future research directions, and exchange application experience. The main achievement of MESA2018 is to bring out and highlight the latest research results and developments in the IoT (Internet of Things) era in the field of mechatronics and embedded systems.

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Periodicals related to Metals

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Advanced Packaging, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging has its focus on the modeling, design, and analysis of advanced electronic, photonic, sensors, and MEMS packaging.

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission

Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...

Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, IEEE Transactions on

Part I will now contain regular papers focusing on all matters related to fundamental theory, applications, analog and digital signal processing. Part II will report on the latest significant results across all of these topic areas.

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Xplore Articles related to Metals

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An Integrated Circular Economy Model for Decoupling Europe from Platinum Group Metals Supply Risk in the Automotive Sector

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'MONOLITHOS CATALYSTS & RECYCLING LTd., Polygono, 11476, Athens Greece', u'full_name': u'A. Moschovi'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'MONOLITHOS CATALYSTS & RECYCLING LTd., Polygono, 11476, Athens Greece', u'full_name': u'S. Souentie'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'MONOLITHOS CATALYSTS & RECYCLING LTd., Polygono, 11476, Athens Greece', u'full_name': u'I. Yakoumis'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Parque Technologico De San Sebastian, TECHNALIA, Donostia-San Sebastiàn, E-20009, Spain', u'full_name': u'A. Siriwardana'}] 2018 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2018 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC / I&CPS Europe), None

An integrated model of sustainable circular economy applied to the case of platinum group metals (PGMs) contained into the automotive catalytic converters is described. The cycle consists of four major steps: A. Collection and pre-processing of spent catalytic converters, B. PGM recovery as nitrate or other salts, C. Production of nano-catalytic washcoat powder, and D. Production of novel low-PGM catalysts. ...

Oxygen evolution reaction study on platinized carbon and transition metals (Ni, Co, Mn) for electrolysis of alkaline water

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Faculty of Sciences Ben M'sik, University of Hassan II Casablanca, Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Materials, Casablanca, Morocco', u'full_name': u'A. Antar'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Faculty of Sciences Ben M'sik, University of Hassan II Casablanca, Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Materials, Casablanca, Morocco', u'full_name': u'D. Takky'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Faculty of Sciences Ben M'sik, University of Hassan II Casablanca, Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Materials, Casablanca, Morocco', u'full_name': u'Y. Naimi'}] 2018 Renewable Energies, Power Systems & Green Inclusive Economy (REPS-GIE), None

Water electrolysis is a promising method for efficient production of high purity oxygen and hydrogen. Even though noble-metal oxides (PtO2 IrO2, RuO2, and RhO2) are the most active materials for the oxygen evolution reaction, low-cost transition metal oxides are typically used in alkaline electrolysis due to their abundance and relatively high activity and stability. Thus, nickel, cobalt, and manganese have ...

The Impact of Lighting on Electrical Properties of Metals and 8-hydroxyquinoline Complexes Thin Films

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Department of Automatic and Measurement Systems, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, PL 87-100, Poland', u'full_name': u'A. Aamoum'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Department of Automatic and Measurement Systems, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, PL 87-100, Poland', u'full_name': u'A. Korcala'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Laboratory of Physics of Condensed Matter (LPMC), Faculty of Science, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida, 24000, Morocco', u'full_name': u'M. Bakasse'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Department of Automatic and Measurement Systems, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, PL 87-100, Poland', u'full_name': u'A. Zawadzka'}] 2018 20th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), None

In this paper structural and optical properties of the thin films containing metal (M = Zn and Cu) and 8-hydroxyquinoline are presented. The films were successfully grown by physical vapor deposition (PVD) technique in high vacuum on transparent (glass) and semiconductor (n-type silicon) substrates kept at room temperature during the deposition process. Nyquist plots and Admittance as a function of ...

Alternative Metals: From AB Initio Screening to Calibrated Narrow Line Models

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Christoph Adelmann'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Kirouban Sankaran'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Shibesh Dutta'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Anshul Gupta'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Shreya Kundu'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Geraldine Jamieson'}, {u'author_order': 7, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Kristof Moors'}, {u'author_order': 8, u'affiliation': u'University of Luxembourg, Physics and Materials Science Research Unit, Luxembourg, 1511, Luxembourg', u'full_name': u'Nicol\xf2 Pinna'}, {u'author_order': 9, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Ivan Ciofi'}, {u'author_order': 10, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Sven Van Eishocht'}, {u'author_order': 11, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'J\xfcrgen B\xf6mmels'}, {u'author_order': 12, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Guillaume Boccardi'}, {u'author_order': 13, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Christopher J. Wilson'}, {u'author_order': 14, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Geoffrey Pourtois'}, {u'author_order': 15, u'affiliation': u'IMEC, Leuven, 3001, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Zsolt T\u0151kei'}] 2018 IEEE International Interconnect Technology Conference (IITC), None

We discuss the selection and assessment of alternative metals by a combination of ab initio computation of electronic properties, experimental resistivity assessments, and calibrated line resistance models. Pt-group metals as well as Nb are identified as the most promising elements, with Ru showing the best combination of material properties and process maturity. An experimental assessment of the resistivity of Ru, ...

Metals for Low-Resistivity Interconnects

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Troy, NY, 12180, USA', u'full_name': u'Daniel Gall'}] 2018 IEEE International Interconnect Technology Conference (IITC), None

A combination of experiments and first-principles simulations are used to search for metals that have a high conductivity at reduced dimensions and are therefore promising candidates for narrow interconnect lines. Epitaxial layers of Cu, W, Ta, Mo, Ru, Co, Ag, Nb and Ni are grown on ceramic single crystal substrates and their resistivity measured in-situ as a function of thickness. ...

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Educational Resources on Metals

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No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Metals"


  • Conductivities of Metals

    <p><b>An in-depth look at the state-of-the-art in microwave filter design, implementation, and optimization</b>&nbsp;</p> <p>Thoroughly revised and expanded, this second edition of the popular reference addresses the many important advances that have taken place in the field since the publication of the first edition and includes new chapters on Multiband Filters, Tunable Filters and a chapter devoted to Practical Considerations and Examples.</p> <p>One of the chief constraints in the evolution of wireless communication systems is the scarcity of the available frequency spectrum, thus making frequency spectrum a primary resource to be judiciously shared and optimally utilized. This fundamental limitation, along with atmospheric conditions and interference have long been drivers of intense research and development in the fields of signal processing and filter networks, the two technologies that govern the information capacity of a given frequency spectrum. Written by distinguished experts with a combined century of industrial and academic experience in the field, <i>Microwave Filters for Communication Systems</i>:</p> <ul> <li>Provides a coherent, accessible description of system requirements and constraints for microwave filters</li> <li>Covers fundamental considerations in the theory and design of microwave filters and the use of EM techniques to analyze and optimize filter structures</li> <li>Chapters on Multiband Filters and Tunable Filters address the new markets emerging for wireless communication systems and flexible satellite payloads and</li> <li>A chapter devoted to real-world examples and exercises that allow readers to test and fine-tune their grasp of the material covered in various chapters, in effect it provides the roadmap to develop a software laboratory, to analyze, design, and perform system level tra eoffs including EM based tolerance and sensitivity analysis for microwave filters and multiplexers for practical applications.</li> </ul> <p><i>Microwave Filters for Communication Systems</i> provides students and practitioners alike with a solid grounding in the theoretical underpinnings of practical microwave filter and its physical realization using state-of-the-art EM-based techniques.</p>

  • Metals on Semiconductors

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Overview * Metal-Semiconductor Interface Dipoles * Interface States * Self-Consistent Electrostatic Calculations * Fermi-Level Pinning Models * Experimental Schottky Barriers * Interface Passivation and Control * Summary

  • Investigations on the Oxidation of Metals as a Tool for the Exploration of the Movement of Ions in Solid Oxides

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Diffusion and Transport Processes in Oxide Layers, Oxide-Layer Formation at High Temperature, Factors Affecting Oxidation Rates at High Temperatures, Oxide-Layer Formation at Medium and Low Temperatures, Chemisorption and Space-Charge Boundary Layers in Oxides, Transport Processes in Space-Charge Boundary Layers, Some Applications to Problems of Ceramic Chemistry, References, Acknowledgement

  • Electron Emission from Metals

    This chapter contains sections titled: Structure of solids, Electron gas in a metal, Work function; electron escape from a metal, Contact difference of poetntial, Thermionic emission, Measurement of thermionic emission, Thermionic emission from pure tungsten, Thermionic emission from thoriated tungsten, Thermionic emission from oxide-coated cathodes, The Schottky effect, Field emission, Secondary emission, Photoelectric emission, Problems

  • Electron Gas Theory of Metals: Free Electrons in Bult Matter

    This chapter contains sections titled: The Legitimacy of the Electron Gas Model, Severe Problems in Electron Gas Theory, Conclusion, Acknowledgment, Notes

  • CMOS Terahertz Sensor

    Recently, a great deal of attention has been paid to the terahertz (THz) spectroscopy and imaging system due to the moderate wavelength of THz wave that can leverage the advantages of both millimeter‐waves and light waves. This chapter shows that a high reflection coefficient of differential T‐line (DTL)‐split ring resonator (SRR) can be directly transferred into a high Q. It presents DTL‐SRR resonator with the standing‐wave resonator and compares the same using a coplanar stripline (CPS). Cell testing has attracted intensive attention recently due to the need for early detection of diseases such as cancer. The chapter investigates split‐ring resonator (SRR)‐based plasmonic sensors with layout designs in the standard 65‐nm complimentary metal‐oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process at sub‐THz. Two super‐regenerative receivers (SRX) working at 96 GHz and 135 GHz are implemented into the CMOS process to demonstrate the advantages of applying quench‐controlled oscillators with metamaterial resonators in SRX.

  • Interconnects

    This chapter discusses the hierarchy of interconnection in ball grid array (BGA). The combination of eutectic bumps and the organic (FR4)‐based manufacturing processes are sound in thermal hierarchy, and thus, become mass production technology. The chapter focuses on the introduction to Level 1 interconnection, and gap in FC‐PBGA interconnection, and Level 0.5 interconnection. It presents discussion on the changing dynamics in business for more Moore (MM) and more than Moore (MTM), as a result of new through silicon via (TSV) interconnection technology. The chapter also discusses the changing semiconductor business dynamics. It summarizes the metallization used in silicon and III‐V compound semiconductors for wirebond and flip chip interconnections. The chapter shows that aluminum pads only exist on silicon, Gold (Au) pads only exist on III‐V, and Copper (Cu) can exist on both silicon and III‐V compound semiconductor integrated circuits (IC).

  • Dielectric Resonator Filters

    In contrast to conventional rectangular and circular waveguide resonators, an exact solution of Maxwell's equations in dielectric resonators can be computed only by a numerical electromagnetic (EM) method such as the mode matching technique. This chapter discusses the design of dielectric resonator filters in a variety of configurations. Other different filter configurations provide a compromise between the small size advantages of metallic combline resonator filters and the high _Q_ values of dielectric resonator filters. The chapter describes major design considerations of dielectric resonator filters illustrating two different approaches for improving their spurious performance. It then addresses the improvement in the _Q_ value of dielectric resonator filters when cooled to cryogenic temperatures. The chapter presents a hybrid dielectric/superconductor filter that offers a significant size reduction compared with conventional design.The structure uses the image concept and can be employed for room‐temperature applications by replacing the image superconductor plates with normal metallic plates.

  • Security of RFID Systems

    **This is the third revised edition of the established and trusted _RFID Handbook_; the most comprehensive introduction to radio frequency identification (RFID) available.** This essential new edition contains information on electronic product code (EPC) and the EPC global network, and explains near-field communication (NFC) in depth. It includes revisions on chapters devoted to the physical principles of RFID systems and microprocessors, and supplies up-to-date details on relevant standards and regulations. The text explores schematic circuits of simple transponders and readers, and includes new material on active and passive transponders, ISO/IEC 18000 family, ISO/IEC 15691 and 15692. It also describes the technical limits of RFID systems. A unique resource offering a complete overview of the large and varied world of RFID, Klaus Finkenzeller's volume is useful for end-users of the technology as well as practitioners in auto ID and IT designers of RFI products. Computer and electronics engineers in security system development, microchip designers, and materials handling specialists benefit from this book, as do automation, industrial and transport engineers. Clear and thorough explanations also make this an excellent introduction to the topic for graduate level students in electronics and industrial engineering design.

  • Laptop Antenna Design and Evaluation

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Laptop‐Related Antenna Issues Antenna Design Methodology PC Card Antenna Performance and Evaluation Link Budget Model An INF Antenna Implementation Integrated and PC Card Solutions Comparison Dualband Examples Remarks on WLAN Antenna Design and Evaluations Antennas for Wireless Wide Area Network Applications Ultra‐Wide Band Antennas References

Standards related to Metals

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IEEE Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (>1 kV) Amendment 1: Short-Circuit Tests for Station, Intermediate, and Distribution Arresters

Standard for 4.76 kV to 38 kV Rated Ground and Test Devices Used in Enclosures

This standard covers drawout type, indoor, medium-voltage ground and test (G&T) devices for use in drawout metal-clad switchgear rated 4.76 kV through 38 kV as described in IEEE Std C37.20.2. Four G&T device types are generally supplied for temporary circuit maintenance procedures for insertion in place of the circuit breaker as follows: a) Simple manual devices b) Complex manual devices ...

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