Conferences related to Photovoltaic

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2018 IEEE 18th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (PEMC)

Promote and co-ordinate the exchange and the publication of technical, scientific and economic information in the field of Power Electronics and Motion Control with special focus on countries less involved in IEEE related activities. The main taget is to create a forum for industrial and academic community.

  • 2016 IEEE International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (PEMC)

    The IEEE Power Electronics and Motion Control (IEEE-PEMC) conference continues to be the oldest in Europe and is a direct continuation of the conferences held since 1970. Its main goal is to promote and co-ordinate the exchange and publication of technical, scientific and economic information on Power Electronics and Motion Control. One of its main objectives is the cooperation and integration between the long-time divided Western and Eastern Europe, this goal expressed in the conference logo, as well. The conference attracts now a large number (roughly 500+) of participants from the world. An exhibition is organised in parallel with every PEMC Conference, offering space for the industry to present their latest products for Power Electronics and Motion Control. In addition to the regular oral sessions, key notes, round tables, tutorials, workshops, seminars, exhibitions, the dialogue sessions (enlarged “poster” presentations) present to the speakers a better cooperation opportunity.

  • 2014 16th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (PEMC)

    The purpose of the 16th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference and Exposition (PEMC) is to bring together researchers, engineers and practitioners from all over the world, interested in the advances of power systems, power electronics, energy, electrical drives and education. The PEMC seeks to promote and disseminate knowledge of the various topics and technologies of power engineering, energy and electrical drives. The PEMC aims to present the important results to the international community of power engineering, energy, electrical drives fields and education in the form of research, development, applications, design and technology. It is therefore aimed at assisting researchers, scientists, manufacturers, companies, communities, agencies, associations and societies to keep abreast of new developments in their specialist fields and to unite in finding power engineering issues.

  • 2012 EPE-ECCE Europe Congress

    Power Electronics and Motion Control.

  • 2010 14th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (EPE/PEMC 2010)

    Semiconductor Devices and Packaging, Power Converters, Electrical Machines, Actuators, Motion Control, Robotics, Adjustable Speed Drives, Application and Design of Power Electronics circuits, Measurements, Sensors, Observing Techniques, Electromagnetic Compatibility, Power Electronics in Transportation, Mechatronics, Power Electronics in Electrical Energy Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Renewable Energy Sources, Active Filtering, Power Factor Correction

  • 2008 13th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (EPE/PEMC 2008)

  • 2006 12th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (EPE/PEMC 2006)


2018 IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems (PEDES)

The conference will deal will all aspects of power electronics, motor drives and Power electronics applications to energy systems.


2018 IEEE International Energy Conference (ENERGYCON)

ENERGYCON covers a broad range of electric power and energy systems topics and is open to contributions that are related to the theme "Towards Self-healing, Resilient and Green Electric Power and Energy Systems".

  • 2016 IEEE International Energy Conference (ENERGYCON)

    IEEE EnergyCon is dedicated to experts carrying out research focused to energy and power systems. It has already become one of the premier IEEE forums for the application of electronics, instrumentation, information and communication technology to the electricity industry.

  • 2014 IEEE International Energy Conference (ENERGYCON)

    EnergyCon 2014 is dedicated to experts carrying out research focused to energy and power systems. It is one of the premier forums for the application of electronics, instrumentation, information and communication technology to the electricity industry.

  • 2012 IEEE International Energy Conference (ENERGYCON 2012)

    The IEEE Energy Conference 2012 (EnergyCon) provides an international forum for the exchange of innovative technologies related to the Electric Power and Energy Systems as well as renewable Energy industry, toward user -centric systems. It is also the premier IEEE forum for the practical application of electronics, instrumentation and Information Communication Technology in the Energy Industries and Applications, including all Upstream and Downstream activities.

  • 2010 IEEE International Energy Conference (ENERGYCON 2010)

    This conference is intended to explore the latest technological development related to the Energy industry. It is intended to focus on academic researches as well as industrial solutions to various fields supporting energy production, exploration, transmission, distribution and utilization.


2018 IEEE International Students' Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science (SCEECS)

GENERAL TOPICS from the fields of ELECTRICAL, ELECTRONICS and COMPUTERSCIENCE ENGINEERING eg: Power Electronics, Machines and Drives, Industrial ProcessControl, Robotics and Automation, Hybrid Vehicles, Embedded Systems and Controllers,Circuits and Systems, Energy Conversion, Renewable Energy, Distributed Generation, Smartand Micro Grids, Control Systems, MEMS, Simulation & Modeling, Instrumentation, PowerQuality Control. VLSI, Microelectronics, Solid-state Circuits, Millimeter and Microwaves,Antennas and Wireless Propagation, Electromagnetics, Image and Video Signal Processing,Speech and Language Processing, Electronic Materials, Biomedical Engineering, Fuzzy Logic,Neural Networks, and other soft computing techniques, Human Computer Interaction, DisplayTechnology, Optical Communication and Photonics Data-mining, Pattern Recognition andMachine Intelligence, System, Man & Cybernetics, GIS and Remote Sensing, CognitiveSciences and Linguistics,Big Data,Cloud Computing, etc.

  • 2016 IEEE Students' Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science (SCEECS)

    GENERAL TOPICS from the fields of ELECTRICAL, ELECTRONICS and COMPUTERSCIENCE ENGINEERING eg: Power Electronics, Machines and Drives, Industrial ProcessControl, Robotics and Automation, Hybrid Vehicles, Embedded Systems and Controllers,Circuits and Systems, Energy Conversion, Renewable Energy, Distributed Generation, Smartand Micro Grids, Control Systems, MEMS, Simulation and Modeling, Instrumentation, PowerQuality Control. VLSI, Microelectronics, Solid-state Circuits, Millimeter and Microwaves,Antennas and Wireless Propagation, Electromagnetics, Image and Video Signal Processing,Speech and Language Processing, Electronic Materials, Biomedical Engineering, Fuzzy Logic,Neural Networks, and other soft computing techniques, Human Computer Interaction, DisplayTechnology, Optical Communication and Photonics Data-mining, Pattern Recognition andMachine Intelligence, System, Man and Cybernetics, GIS and Remote Sensing, CognitiveSciences and Linguistics, Cloud Computing etc.

  • 2014 IEEE Students' Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science (SCEECS)

    Tracks and Topics: Power Electronics, Electrical Machines & Drives, GreenTechnologies, Embedded Technologies, Factory Automation & IndustrialInformatics, Digital Signal, Image, Video and Speech Processing, HumanComputer Interaction, Communication Systems, Mechatronics & Robotics,Artificial Intelligence, Cryptography, Machine Learning, ParallelProcessing, Data Mining, Software Engineering, Simulation & Modeling.

  • 2012 IEEE Students' Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science (SCEECS)

    Tracks and Topics: Power Electronics, Machines and Drives, Industrial Process Control, Robotics and Automation, Hybrid Vehicles, Embedded Systems and Controllers, Circuits and Systems, Energy Conversion, Renewable Energy, Distributed Generation, Smart and Micro Grids, Control Systems, MEMS, Simulation and Modeling, Instrumentation, Power Quality Control. VLSI, Microelectronics, Solid-state Circuits, Millimeter and Microwaves, Antennas and Wireless Propagation, Electromagnetics, Image and Video Signal Processing, Speech and Language Processing, Electronic Materials, Biomedical Engineering, Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks, and other soft computing techniques, Human Computer Interaction, Display Technology, Optical Communication and Photonics Data-mining, Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence, System, Man and Cybernetics, GIS and Remote Sensing, Cognitive Sciences and Linguistics, Cloud Computing, Computer Graphics and Multimedia, Software Engineering, Mobile Adhoc Networks, Wireless Sensor Networks.


2018 International Power Electronics Conference (IPEC-Niigata 2018 –ECCE Asia)

1 Static Power Converters2 Power Devices, Passive Components and System Integrations3 Modeling, Simulation, EMI and Reliability4 Electric Machines, Actuators and Sensors5 Motor Control and Drives6 Motion Control and Robotics7 Conversion Technologies for Renewable Energy and Energy Saving8 Power Electronics Applied to Transmission, Smart Grid, DC grid and Distribution Systems9 Power Electronics and Drives Applied to Railway Systems10 Power Electronics and Drives Applied to Electric and Hybrid Vehicles11 Power Supply Technologies for Information and Communication Systems12 Power Electronics and Drives Applied to Home Appliance13 Power Electronics and Drives for Industrial Applications14 Education in Power Electronics and Electrical Engineering15 Other Related Topics


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Periodicals related to Photovoltaic

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Device and Materials Reliability, IEEE Transactions on

Provides leading edge information that is critical to the creation of reliable electronic devices and materials, and a focus for interdisciplinary communication in the state of the art of reliability of electronic devices, and the materials used in their manufacture. It focuses on the reliability of electronic, optical, and magnetic devices, and microsystems; the materials and processes used in the ...


Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on

Publishes original and significant contributions relating to the theory, design, performance and reliability of electron devices, including optoelectronics devices, nanoscale devices, solid-state devices, integrated electronic devices, energy sources, power devices, displays, sensors, electro-mechanical devices, quantum devices and electron tubes.


Energy Conversion, IEEE Transaction on

Research, development, design, application, construction, installation, and operation of electric power generating facilities (along with their conventional, nuclear, or renewable sources) for the safe, reliable, and economic generation of electrical energy for general industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption, and electromechanical energy conversion for the use of electrical energy


Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on

Theory and applications of industrial electronics and control instrumentation science and engineering, including microprocessor control systems, high-power controls, process control, programmable controllers, numerical and program control systems, flow meters, and identification systems.


Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on

Measurements and instrumentation utilizing electrical and electronic techniques.


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Most published Xplore authors for Photovoltaic

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Xplore Articles related to Photovoltaic

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A photovoltaic generation system based on wide voltage-gain DC-DC converter and differential power processors for DC microgrids

Zhaoxin Qiu; Kai Sun Chinese Journal of Electrical Engineering, 2017

In this paper, a photovoltaic(PV) generation system based on front-stage differential power processors(DPP) and BACK-stage centralized wide voltage- gain converter is proposed. The resonant switched capacitor(ReSC) converter, which features high power density and high efficiency, is employed as the differential power processor and aims at processing the differential power among series-connected PV modules, avoiding the great power loss caused by ...


Application of a Normally OFF Silicon Carbide Power JFET in a Photovoltaic Inverter

Michael S. Mazzola; Robin Kelley 2009 Twenty-Fourth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 2009

Conventional wisdom that the SiC JFET is only a normally on device has recently been superseded by the first practical normally off SiC JFET. This new true enhancement mode, three-terminal, pure-SiC design provides designers with a normally off solution that retains all the benefits of the normally on SiC JFET. With only a simple change in series gate impedance, the ...


Thin Film Cadmium Zinc Telluride Solar Cells

Brian E. McCandless; Wayne A. Buchanan; Gregory M. Hanket 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference, 2006

A process for fabricating thin film heterojunction solar cells with cadmium zinc telluride (Cd1-xZnxTe) absorbers is described. Cd1-xZnxTe films with composition from 0lesxles0.6 were deposited by a simple vapor transport (VT) process at 550degC onto moving CdS-coated substrates. Post-deposition thermal treatment in halide vapor ambient yielded high photocurrent, limited primarily by window layer optics. Similar cell performance is demonstrated for ...


A hybrid short-term solar power forecasting tool

J. M. Filipe; R. J. Bessa; J. Sumaili; R. Tomé; J. N. Sousa 2015 18th International Conference on Intelligent System Application to Power Systems (ISAP), 2015

Photovoltaic (PV) solar power capacity is growing in several countries, either concentrated in medium/large size solar parks or distributed by the medium and low voltage grid. Solar power forecasting is a key input for supporting grid management, participation in the electricity market and maintenance planning. This paper proposes a new forecasting system that is a hybrid of different models, such ...


CGS-Thin Films Solar Cells on Transparent Back Contact

R. Caballero; Siebentritt; K. Sakurai; C. A. Kaufmann; M. Ch. Lux-steiner 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference, 2006

The goal of this work is to fabricate and study wide gap CuGaSe 2 solar cells to be used as top cell of a mechanically stacked tandem device. CuGaSe2 (CGS) absorber thin films are prepared by co-evaporation in a three stage process onto Mo/soda-lime glass substrates and onto different transparent conductive oxides (TCOs): SnO2:F (FTO) and ln2O3:Sn (ITO). Laser light ...


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Educational Resources on Photovoltaic

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eLearning

A photovoltaic generation system based on wide voltage-gain DC-DC converter and differential power processors for DC microgrids

Zhaoxin Qiu; Kai Sun Chinese Journal of Electrical Engineering, 2017

In this paper, a photovoltaic(PV) generation system based on front-stage differential power processors(DPP) and BACK-stage centralized wide voltage- gain converter is proposed. The resonant switched capacitor(ReSC) converter, which features high power density and high efficiency, is employed as the differential power processor and aims at processing the differential power among series-connected PV modules, avoiding the great power loss caused by ...


Application of a Normally OFF Silicon Carbide Power JFET in a Photovoltaic Inverter

Michael S. Mazzola; Robin Kelley 2009 Twenty-Fourth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 2009

Conventional wisdom that the SiC JFET is only a normally on device has recently been superseded by the first practical normally off SiC JFET. This new true enhancement mode, three-terminal, pure-SiC design provides designers with a normally off solution that retains all the benefits of the normally on SiC JFET. With only a simple change in series gate impedance, the ...


Thin Film Cadmium Zinc Telluride Solar Cells

Brian E. McCandless; Wayne A. Buchanan; Gregory M. Hanket 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference, 2006

A process for fabricating thin film heterojunction solar cells with cadmium zinc telluride (Cd1-xZnxTe) absorbers is described. Cd1-xZnxTe films with composition from 0lesxles0.6 were deposited by a simple vapor transport (VT) process at 550degC onto moving CdS-coated substrates. Post-deposition thermal treatment in halide vapor ambient yielded high photocurrent, limited primarily by window layer optics. Similar cell performance is demonstrated for ...


A hybrid short-term solar power forecasting tool

J. M. Filipe; R. J. Bessa; J. Sumaili; R. Tomé; J. N. Sousa 2015 18th International Conference on Intelligent System Application to Power Systems (ISAP), 2015

Photovoltaic (PV) solar power capacity is growing in several countries, either concentrated in medium/large size solar parks or distributed by the medium and low voltage grid. Solar power forecasting is a key input for supporting grid management, participation in the electricity market and maintenance planning. This paper proposes a new forecasting system that is a hybrid of different models, such ...


CGS-Thin Films Solar Cells on Transparent Back Contact

R. Caballero; Siebentritt; K. Sakurai; C. A. Kaufmann; M. Ch. Lux-steiner 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference, 2006

The goal of this work is to fabricate and study wide gap CuGaSe 2 solar cells to be used as top cell of a mechanically stacked tandem device. CuGaSe2 (CGS) absorber thin films are prepared by co-evaporation in a three stage process onto Mo/soda-lime glass substrates and onto different transparent conductive oxides (TCOs): SnO2:F (FTO) and ln2O3:Sn (ITO). Laser light ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • DIGITAL PROCESSING TECHNIQUES APPLIED TO POWER ELECTRONICS

    This chapter focuses on digital processing techniques and addresses basic algorithms, such as integral calculation, moving average filter (MAF), and RMS. It discusses digital filters for the identification of fundamental and symmetrical components, for example, positive and negative sequences. The chapter describes synchronization algorithms applied to single¿¿¿ and three¿¿¿phase systems and explores digital techniques for distributed generation systems, such as maximum power point tracking (MPPT) and islanding detection techniques. Digital synchronization algorithms are used in power electronic industry and applications, as for example, in grid¿¿¿connected distributed generation systems. MPPT algorithms are very important in power conditioning of renewable energy resources, such as photovoltaic (PV) sources, since there is a unique point on the current¿¿¿voltage (I¿¿¿V) characteristic curve that corresponds to the MPP. The basic signal processing techniques are important tools to assist the implementation of simple functions, for example, average values, and active power calculation such as digital filters, frequency detector, and power electronic controllers.

  • Index

    The development and deployment of cleaner energy technologies have become globalized phenomena. Yet despite the fact that energy-related goods account for more than ten percent of international trade, policy makers, academics, and the business community perceive barriers to the global diffusion of these emerging technologies. Experts point to problems including intellectual property concerns, trade barriers, and developing countries' limited access to technology and funding. In this book, Kelly Gallagher uses analysis and case studies from China's solar photovoltaic, gas turbine, advanced battery, and coal gasification industries to examine both barriers and incentives in clean energy technology transfer. Gallagher finds that the barriers are not as daunting as many assume; these technologies already cross borders through foreign direct investment, licensing, joint R&D;, and other channels. She shows that intellectual property infringement is not as widespread as business leaders fear and can be managed, and that firms in developing countries show considerable resourcefulness in acquiring technology legally. She finds that financing does present an obstacle, especially when new cleaner technologies compete with entrenched, polluting, and often government-subsidized traditional technologies. But the biggest single barrier, she finds, is the failure of government to provide sensible policy incentives. The case studies show how government, through market-formation policy, can unleash global market forces. Gallagher's findings have theoretical significance as well; she proposes a new model of global technology diffusion that casts doubt on aspects of technology transfer theory.

  • Fundamentals of Electronic Power Conversion

    This chapter aims to give sufficient knowledge of how electric power is converted using electronic power converters, in order to facilitate the study of electric drives. Furthermore, it presents how inverters operate to allow power to be fed into grids from low power power plants such as small photovoltaic generators. A concise description of the behaviour of the devices, as well as an introduction to approximations in such a way that they can be analysed using the linear circuit concepts. Rectifiers are devices that convert AC power into DC without affecting (if we disregard inner power losses) the transferred power. This concept is illustrated, showing single- phase and three-phase rectifiers.

  • Multilevel Converter/Inverter Topologies and Applications

    This chapter is dedicated to explaining the basic concept of multilevel converter/inverters, introducing the three typical topologies, i.e., diode clamped multilevel inverter, flying capacitor multilevel inverter, and cascade multilevel inverter (CMI), and describing their pros and cons regarding their most suitable applications. A generalized multilevel inverter topology unifies the three typical multilevel inverters and has the ability to generate other multilevel topologies, such as modular multilevel converter (M2C), magnetic¿¿¿less multilevel DC¿¿¿DC converters, and stacked multicell converters, etc. As application examples, Y¿¿¿connection, ¿¿¿¿¿connection, and face¿¿¿to¿¿¿face¿¿¿connected CMIs are applied to static var generation (SVG), static synchronous compensator (STATCOM), and flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) devices. The Y¿¿¿connection CMI is the most promising topology in application to adjustable speed drives and photovoltaic (PV) power systems. Magnetic¿¿¿less multilevel DC¿¿¿DC converters are another emerging applications of the multilevel concept, which can achieve a high voltage boost factor with compact size, high efficiency, and suitable for high temperature application. Multilevel converters involve a high fault possibility owing to the large number of components. This chapter also analyzes the fault tolerance and reliability of multilevel converters.

  • Back Matter

    The development and deployment of cleaner energy technologies have become globalized phenomena. Yet despite the fact that energy-related goods account for more than ten percent of international trade, policy makers, academics, and the business community perceive barriers to the global diffusion of these emerging technologies. Experts point to problems including intellectual property concerns, trade barriers, and developing countries' limited access to technology and funding. In this book, Kelly Gallagher uses analysis and case studies from China's solar photovoltaic, gas turbine, advanced battery, and coal gasification industries to examine both barriers and incentives in clean energy technology transfer. Gallagher finds that the barriers are not as daunting as many assume; these technologies already cross borders through foreign direct investment, licensing, joint R&D;, and other channels. She shows that intellectual property infringement is not as widespread as business leaders fear and can be managed, and that firms in developing countries show considerable resourcefulness in acquiring technology legally. She finds that financing does present an obstacle, especially when new cleaner technologies compete with entrenched, polluting, and often government-subsidized traditional technologies. But the biggest single barrier, she finds, is the failure of government to provide sensible policy incentives. The case studies show how government, through market-formation policy, can unleash global market forces. Gallagher's findings have theoretical significance as well; she proposes a new model of global technology diffusion that casts doubt on aspects of technology transfer theory.

  • Grid Current Control

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * Current Harmonic Requirements * Linear Current Control with Separated Modulation * Modulation Techniques * Operating Limits of the Current-Controlled Converter * Practical Example * Summary * References

  • Appendix C: IPC Codes for Patent Analysis

    The development and deployment of cleaner energy technologies have become globalized phenomena. Yet despite the fact that energy-related goods account for more than ten percent of international trade, policy makers, academics, and the business community perceive barriers to the global diffusion of these emerging technologies. Experts point to problems including intellectual property concerns, trade barriers, and developing countries' limited access to technology and funding. In this book, Kelly Gallagher uses analysis and case studies from China's solar photovoltaic, gas turbine, advanced battery, and coal gasification industries to examine both barriers and incentives in clean energy technology transfer. Gallagher finds that the barriers are not as daunting as many assume; these technologies already cross borders through foreign direct investment, licensing, joint R&D;, and other channels. She shows that intellectual property infringement is not as widespread as business leaders fear and can be managed, and that firms in developing countries show considerable resourcefulness in acquiring technology legally. She finds that financing does present an obstacle, especially when new cleaner technologies compete with entrenched, polluting, and often government-subsidized traditional technologies. But the biggest single barrier, she finds, is the failure of government to provide sensible policy incentives. The case studies show how government, through market-formation policy, can unleash global market forces. Gallagher's findings have theoretical significance as well; she proposes a new model of global technology diffusion that casts doubt on aspects of technology transfer theory.

  • PV Simulation under Homogeneous Conditions

    The five¿¿¿parameter model is a tool for simulating the photovoltaic (PV) field. There are many approaches to identifying the values of the set of parameters (Iph, Is, q, Rs, and Rh) that guarantee that the equivalent electrical circuit matches the current¿¿¿voltage (I¿¿¿V) curve. The single¿¿¿diode model (SDM) is able to accurately represent the PV electrical behavior for any environmental conditions provided that different sets of the five¿¿¿parameters are used for different values of solar irradiance (G) and temperature (T). King and his colleagues provide a detailed model of the PV module based on experimental data collected over many years at Sandia National Laboratories. When information about the effective irradiance hitting the PV surface is not directly available, this model can be completed with the use of additional equations. These equations allow use of irradiance information from meteorological websites or historical databases in calculating accurately the energy production of a PV field with an assigned orientation.

  • Photovoltaic Power Plants

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * Solar Energy * Generation of Electricity by Photovoltaic Effect * Dependence of a PV Cell Characteristic on Temperature * Solar Cell Output Characteristics * Equivalent Models and Parameters for Photovoltaic Panels * Photovoltaic Systems * Applications of Photovoltaic Solar Energy * Economical Analysis of Solar Energy * References

  • Solar Energay as a Resource

    "The first 30 pages of theis typewritten book are generally useful as a timely, concise, well-documented statement of energy sources and expected energy usage in the U.S. to the year 2000. The rest of the book... deals with the use of solar energy through photovoltaic conversion. The principles of energy band structure of solids, the state of the art in photovoltaic conversion, economic considerations, and business opportunities are each discussed; extensive references and a bibliography are provided."-- AAAS Science Books & Films



Standards related to Photovoltaic

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IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation and Maintenance of Lead-Acid Batteries for Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

This recommended practice provides design considerations and procedures for storage, location, mounting, ventilation, assembly, and maintenance of lead-acid secondary batteries for photovoltaic (PV) power systems. Safety precautions and instrumentation considerations are also included. While this document gives general recommended practices, battery manufacturers may provide specific instructions for battery installation and maintenance.


IEEE Recommended Practice for Sizing Lead-Acid Batteries for Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

This recommended practice describes a method for sizing both vented and valve-regulated lead-acid batteries in stand-alone PV systems. Installation, maintenance, safety, testing procedures, and consideration of battery types other than lead-acid are beyond the scope of this recommended practice. Sizing batteries for hybrid and grid-connected PV systems is beyond the scope of this recommended practice. Recommended practices for the remainder ...