Conferences related to Substations

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2017 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

The annual IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting will bring together over 2000 attendees for technical sessions, student program, awards ceremony, committee meetings, and tutorials.

  • 2015 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    The annual IEEE PES General Meeting will bring together over 2500 attendees for technical sessions, administrative sessions, super sessions, poster sessions, student programs, awards ceremonies, committee meetings, tutorials and more PLEASE NOTE: Abstracts are not accepted for the 2015 IEEE PES General Meeting, full papers only can be submitted to the submission site 24 October 2014 through 21 November 2014.  The site will be available from the PES home page

  • 2014 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    The annual IEEE PES General Meeting will bring together over 2500 attendees for technical sessions, administrative sessions, super sessions, poster sessions, student programs, awards ceremonies, committee meetings, tutotials and more

  • 2013 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    The annual IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting will bring together over 2000 attendees for technical sessions, student program, awards ceremony, committee meetings, and tutorials.

  • 2012 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    The annual IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting will bring together over 2000 attendees for technical sessions, student program, awards ceremony, committee meetings, and tutorials.

  • 2011 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    IEEE Power & Energy Annual Meeting --Papers --Awards --Plenary --Committee Meetings --Governing Board --Receptions --Tech tours --Tutorials --Companions Program

  • 2010 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    IEEE Power & Energy Society Annual Meeting --Technical Sessions --Committee Meetings --Plenary Session --Gove Board Meeting --Awards Banquet --Tutorials --Student Activities --Social Events --Companions Program

  • 2009 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    Paper and Panel sessions involving topics of interest to electric power engineers, technical committee meetings, administrative committee meetings, awards luncheon and plenary session.

  • 2008 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    This meeting has paper and panel sessions on all areas of interest to electric power engineers.

  • 2007 IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting

  • 2006 IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting

2016 IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility - EMC 2016

To provide a forum for networking and exchange of current EMC information.

2014 IEEE/PES Transmission & Distribution Conference & Exposition (T&D)

T and D is held every two years and is the oldest and most recognized conference and exposition in the industry

2012 2nd International Conference on Applied Robotics for the Power Industry (CARPI 2012)

Mobile robotics, telerobotics, teleoperation, mechatronics, UAV, ROV applied to: Transmission lines and substations; Turbines, underwater structures; Underground and overhead distribution systems; Hydro, nuclear, thermal and wind power generation systems.

2012 IEEE International Conference on Power System Technology - (POWERCON 2012)

The theme of this conference is Towards Smarter Resilient and Economic Power Systems . This is topical in the context of emerging trends of Smart Grids; resilience of electricity infrastructure to recent earthquakes, floods, nuclear-meltdown in the Asia-Pacifc region; and, trends towards Emission Trading Scheme and increased participation of private capital markets into electricity generation. A flavour of this theme in the context of New Zealand will be highlight to all our international participants.

  • 2010 International Conference on Power System Technology - (POWERCON 2010)

    distributed generation, renewables generation and its integration into power systems, UHV transmission, wide area interconnections, development of smart grid, energy storage, energy saving and emission reduction.

  • 2008 Joint International Conference on Power System Technology (POWERCON) and IEEE Power India Conference

    State-of-the-art lectures and tutorials by experts, and papers by practicing Engineers and Researchers will be presented in the areas of Power System Analysis , Computing and Economics, Modelling and Dynamic Performance, FACTS and HVDC, Restructured Energy Systems, Control and Operation, Communication and Control, Relaying and Protection, Energy Management System and Distribution Automation, Applications of Power Electronics and Power Quality, Distributed Generation & Renewable Energy Sources

  • 2006 International Conference on Power System Technology - (POWERCON 2006)

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Periodicals related to Substations

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Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on

The development and application of electric systems, apparatus, devices, and controls to the processes and equipment of industry and commerce; the promotion of safe, reliable, and economic installations; the encouragement of energy conservation; the creation of voluntary engineering standards and recommended practices.

Power and Energy Magazine, IEEE

This magazine is devoted to all aspects of the electric power field involving planning, design, construction, operation, maintenance, and control of power systems.

Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on

Research, development, design, application, construction, the installation and operation of apparatus, equipment, structures, materials, and systems for the safe, reliable, and economic delivery and control of electric energy for general industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption.

Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on

Requirements, planning, analysis, reliability, operation, and economics of electrical generating, transmission, and distribution systems for industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption.

Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid is intended to be a cross disciplinary and internationally archival journal aimed at disseminating the results of research on smart grid that relates to energy generation, transmission, distribution and delivery. The journal will publish original research on theories, technologies, design, policies, and implementation of smart grid. The Transactions will welcome manuscripts on design, implementation ...

Xplore Articles related to Substations

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Structural Analysis and Testing of HV Busbar Assemblies with Rigid Conductors under Short-Circuit Conditions

Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on, 1987

A general method is presented for calculating the dynamic stresses and displacements of busbar structures with rigid conductors under various short- circuit conditions, with or without reclosing on a fault. Based on a finite- element technique and modal-response superposition, this method can be used to study a complex busbar structure in its entirety, taking into account both the three-dimensional aspect ...

Design guidelines for safer low voltage distribution systems

Industrial & Commercial Power Systems Tehcnical Conference (I&CPS), 2014 IEEE/IAS 50th, 2014

Guidance is provided to designers of low voltage distribution systems on the maximum low voltage feeder rating of a unit substation that will allow the secondary main circuit breaker short time or instantaneous function to be sensitive enough to detect and trip on arcing currents and still coordinate with the feeder breaker settings. Recommendations are presented based on the transformer ...

Engineering and Construction of a Gas-Insulated Substation in an Area of Potential Seismic Activity

Power Engineering Review, IEEE, 1986

First Page of the Article ![](/xploreAssets/images/absImages/05527607.png)

Detection of internal winding faults in power transformers based on graphical characteristics of voltage and current

High Voltage Engineering and Application (ICHVE), 2014 International Conference on, 2014

Power transformers are voltage conversion facilities in substation, which directly affect the safe operation of the grid. Since winding deformation is one of the most common transformer faults, it's of important engineering significance to protect transformer from faults, especially induced by short- circuit current failures, and ensure its safe operation through online monitoring of winding deformations. This paper tries to ...

Better, Faster, and More Economical Integrated Protective Relaying and Control Using Digital Bits and Logic

Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on, 2010

Improvements in protection and control via communications methods used to exchange digital bits (DBs) among devices are common in progressive utilities in high-voltage sub-stations. These improvements are now being incorporated into the process-sensitive electric power distribution systems of large industrial plants. Until now, new equipment purchases for new projects in industrial facilities using microprocessor (μP) multi-function protective relaying technology were ...

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Educational Resources on Substations

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Minimising the effects of ageing of lv fusegear for public distribution substations

T. W. Mennell; C. Eng Advances in Power System Control, Operation and Management, 2003. ASDCOM 2003. Sixth International Conference on (Conf. Publ. No. 497), 2003

First Page of the Article ![](/xploreAssets/images/absImages/01351650.png)

Computer simulation of wayside energy storage substations in DC traction power systems

J. G. Yu Railway Traction Systems (RTS 2010), IET Conference on, 2010

This paper describes a computer simulation technique that has been used to evaluate the effectiveness of wayside energy storage substations (WESS). Possible benefits afforded by a WESS, such as train voltage support and energy saving, are presented through the simulation results of a sample light rail transit system.

The effects of no-load voltage level of traction power supplies on energy consumption of a mass rail transit system

S. Aç ikbaş ; M. T. Sö ylemez Railway Traction Systems (RTS 2010), IET Conference on, 2010

The energy consumption per train*km depends on many factors including characteristics of vehicles, line geometry, and power supply system. Regenerative braking system usage is one of the most effective methods of reducing energy consumption, and is a common practice in mass rail transit systems. Regenerated energy and receptivity rate of it depends on various parameters. One of these parameters is ...

A survey of methods of estimating lifetime and aging of assets in substations

I. C. Duran; O. G. Duarte Advances in Power System Control, Operation and Management (APSCOM 2012), 9th IET International Conference on, 2012

Research of degradation and aging of the life of the equipment in substations is of great importance in order to achieve an improvement in asset management in key aspects such as operation, maintenance and investment. This article reviews the different techniques and methodologies published over the years to achieve the best estimate of the life and aging of assets in ...

Analysis of the accident based on low temperature, snowstorm, ice, coagulation

Wang Runhua 2008 China International Conference on Electricity Distribution, 2008

When the diameter of ice covering lines is over 40-60 mm (Hunan) or even 300 mm (Guizhou), much bigger than the standard line parameter of 15-30 mm, it will lead to the collapse of towers of 220 KV/500 KV transmission systems. The paper summarizes the accidence occurred in China at the beginning of 2008 and presents optimal design philosophy for ...

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  • Introduction to Electric Power Systems

    Chapter 2 introduces key elements of electric power systems and alternating current (AC) networks. The chapter starts with a discussion of direct current (DC) circuits, introducing voltage, current, energy, power and losses. This is extended to AC concepts including frequency, voltage transformation, reactive power and three-phase power. The key elements of a power system are then introduced, starting with the production of electricity (electricity generation). The key distinguishing characteristics of different generation technologies are introduced including differences in fixed and variable costs, ramp rates and energy limits. This is followed by a discussion of the characteristics of transmission and distribution networks, including voltage levels, tower heights and rights of way, substations, circuit breakers and signalling equipment. HVDC is introduced and its pros and cons discussed. Physical limits on electricity networks are introduced and discussed including thermal limits, voltage stability limits and transient stability limits. The final part of this chapter discusses the characteristics of electricity consumption devices and appliances. The chapter ends by asking what is the service provided by the electricity industry. The suggested answer is a platform for trade in electricity.

  • Installation

    In this chapter, practical information has been collected from hundreds of GIS projects over the last thirty years. The assembly of GIS equipment is complex and requires detailed planning and coordination of the work. Safety considerations and helpful assembly tips are provided. It describes that the individuals involved in the installation of GIS should be fully qualified, aware of the high voltage electrical and mechanical hazards, and the chemical handling aspects of the work. The project planning includes preliminary site surveys, core borings, security assessments, identification of environmentally sensitive areas, training etc. Visual inspections, testing for control of cables, bus leakage and gas quality checks, main circuit resistance measurement, mechanical switching checks, interlocking checks, grounding measurements are some of the recommended tests are explained.

  • The Technology of the Electric Transmission System

    This chapter contains sections titled: Components HVAC Substations HVDC Advantages of AC over DC Operation Knowledge Required of Transmission Systems

  • Calculation of Power System Overvoltages

    This chapter presents a short description of the main causes and methods for limitation of overvoltages. It discusses the analysis and calculation of typical overvoltages. The chapter provides the modelling guidelines to be used with any class of overvoltage, a description of the phenomena that cause overvoltages and some illustrative cases. Standards distinguish several classes and shapes of overvoltages: temporary overvoltages (TOV), slow-front overvoltages, fast-front overvoltages and very-fast-front overvoltages. The chapter outlines the analysis and simulation of the most frequent causes of TOVs in power systems. Switching transients in power systems are caused by the operation of breakers and switches. The switching operations can be classified into two categories: energization and de-energization. Lightning strokes are one of the primary causes of fast-front transients in power systems. Very fast transients (VFT) in gas insulated substations (GISs) can arise any time there is an instantaneous change in voltage.

  • Operation and Maintenance

    This Chapter focuses on gas insulated substation (GIS) operations and maintenance. It provides practical experiences from existing GIS in use for more than 30 years. The chapter explains the nature and sources of faults including their repair and advanced planning. Common maintenance procedures on measures to define the quality of the insulating gas SF6, visual and optical inspections, gas handling records, and leak detection methods are given. Information is given on the types of expected failures, which require repair of a GIS, how much time needs to be expected, and how service continuity is related to the design. Extensions, explains how a GIS can be extended after it has been installed and operated for many years. The chapter provides information about the definition of the interface between two GIS of different dimensions.

  • Mechanical Forces and Thermal Effects in Substation Equipment Due to High Fault Currents

    Mechanical forces and thermal effects produced by high fault currents can damage or destroy substation equipment. This damage is a serious safety issue for a number of reasons. All substation equipment can suffer damage from mechanical forces caused by short circuits. The short-circuit forces on a conductor are added to the other forces to produce a total force, which must be less than the minimum yield stress of the conductor material. Flexible conductor buses may be constructed as strain buses, suspended from insulator strings. When short-circuit forces increase, force safety devices (FSDs) can mitigate pinch-force effects. Cables are subject to thermal damage from prolonged exposure to short-circuit currents. The internal arcing fault- withstand capability of gas-insulated substations (GIS) is based on the thickness of the metal walls and the gas pressure, and is thus not easy to upgrade.

  • Applications

    This chapter reflects various areas of gas insulated substation (GIS) applications during the last 40 years on a world-wide basis from the perspective of the world's leading manufacturers and users. An overview of layout concepts for GIS is given with single bus, double bus, ring bus, H-scheme, and breaker and half-scheme arrangements in principle. Several practical applications are shown and the reasons why GIS has been chosen in these cases are given. A case study is presented on how to expand an existing substation with a 500/230 kV GIS in a limited space and Mobile GIS solutions are also explained. The chapter provides examples of a gas insulated bus (GIB) and explains the possibilities of mixed technology substations. The chapter deals with different technical combinations of gas insulated and air insulated substation equipment.

  • Control and Monitoring

    This chapter covers monitoring topics including gas monitoring, partial discharge measurements, and circuit breaker monitoring. The control topics of bay controllers and control schemes are also covered. A special topic, related to digital monitoring in substations, is also discussed. The chapter covers the types of defect causing partial discharges, and gives information on partial discharge measuring methods, where electric and acoustic, chemical specific strategies of partial discharge monitoring with GIS are explained. It explains current and voltage or potential transformer wiring including a mimic diagram and the function of the bay controller with all its basic functions. Control schemes of different mode selections and interlockings are given and examples are shown. The chapter explains basic digital communication standards and their relations to other standards. It defines switchgear related communication standards of GIS, and explains the locations of the controls in the GIS and their timing operations.

  • Reliability and Availability Applications to Distribution Systems

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, The Renewal Process (Repairable System) Recognizing the Run-Fail-Repair-Run Cycle, Models for Redundant Component Overlapping Outages, Reliability Procedures for Substations, References

  • Guiding a Power System Restoration with an Expert System

    Our civilization has become so dependent on a steady supply of electric power that a blackout bears an enormous economic cost. Minimizing the amount of time needed to restore a power system helps reduce this cost and the public's resentment over the interruption of service. An expert system can help the operator achieve this goal by providing actualized restoration plans, dependable recommendations and a clear picture of the situation. A hierarchical structure has been adopted for the prototype expert system described in this paper. This structure separates the selection of the next objective (strategic reasoning) from the development of a plan showing how this objective can be achieved (tactical reasoning). This separation enables the system to quickly adapt its recommendations when a problem arises during the res toration. Planning connection paths through substations of widely different configurations is greatly facilitated by the adoption of a hierarchical description of the topology of these substations. This knowledge representation scheme is the symbolic equivalent of the one-line diagrams used by the operators.

Standards related to Substations

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American National Standard for Switchgear - Unit Substations - Requirements

Guide for Bus Design in Air Insulated Substations

The information in this guide is applicable to rigid and strain bus structures for outdoor and indoor, air-insulated, and alternating-current substations. Ampacity, radio influence, vibration, and forces due to gravity, wind, fault current, and thermal expansion are considered. Design criteria for bus arrangements and for conductor and insulator strength calculations are included.

Guide for Cable Connections for Gas Insulated Substations

This guide establishes typical dimensions for connections of a gas insulated substation (GIS) to extruded, self contained fluid filled and high pressure fluid filled (pipe type) cables in single and three phase arrangements for voltages 72.5 kV and above. The guide applies to both fluid filled and dry type cable terminations with insulating barrier separating SF6 gas in GIS housing ...

Guide for Containment and Control of Oil Spills in Substations

This guide discusses the significance of oil spillage regulations and their applicability to electric supply substations; identifies the sources of oil spills; discusses typical designs and methods for dealing with oil containment and control of oil spills and provides guidelines for preparation of a typical Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) plan. This guide applies only to insulating oil containing ...

Guide for Direct Lightning Stroke Shielding of Substations

This guide identifies and discusses design procedures to provide direct stroke shielding of outdoor distribution, transmission, and generating plant substations. Known methods of shielding from direct strokes were investigated during the preparation of this guide, and information is provided on two methods found to be widely used: a) The classical empirical method b) The electrogeometric model A third approach, which ...

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