Conferences related to Substations

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2017 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

The annual IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting will bring together over 2000 attendees for technical sessions, student program, awards ceremony, committee meetings, and tutorials.

  • 2015 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    The annual IEEE PES General Meeting will bring together over 2500 attendees for technical sessions, administrative sessions, super sessions, poster sessions, student programs, awards ceremonies, committee meetings, tutorials and more PLEASE NOTE: Abstracts are not accepted for the 2015 IEEE PES General Meeting, full papers only can be submitted to the submission site 24 October 2014 through 21 November 2014.  The site will be available from the PES home page www.ieee-pes.org

  • 2014 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    The annual IEEE PES General Meeting will bring together over 2500 attendees for technical sessions, administrative sessions, super sessions, poster sessions, student programs, awards ceremonies, committee meetings, tutotials and more

  • 2013 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    The annual IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting will bring together over 2000 attendees for technical sessions, student program, awards ceremony, committee meetings, and tutorials.

  • 2012 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    The annual IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting will bring together over 2000 attendees for technical sessions, student program, awards ceremony, committee meetings, and tutorials.

  • 2011 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    IEEE Power & Energy Annual Meeting --Papers --Awards --Plenary --Committee Meetings --Governing Board --Receptions --Tech tours --Tutorials --Companions Program

  • 2010 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    IEEE Power & Energy Society Annual Meeting --Technical Sessions --Committee Meetings --Plenary Session --Gove Board Meeting --Awards Banquet --Tutorials --Student Activities --Social Events --Companions Program

  • 2009 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    Paper and Panel sessions involving topics of interest to electric power engineers, technical committee meetings, administrative committee meetings, awards luncheon and plenary session.

  • 2008 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

    This meeting has paper and panel sessions on all areas of interest to electric power engineers.

  • 2007 IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting

  • 2006 IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting


2016 IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility - EMC 2016

To provide a forum for networking and exchange of current EMC information.


2014 IEEE/PES Transmission & Distribution Conference & Exposition (T&D)

T and D is held every two years and is the oldest and most recognized conference and exposition in the industry


2012 2nd International Conference on Applied Robotics for the Power Industry (CARPI 2012)

Mobile robotics, telerobotics, teleoperation, mechatronics, UAV, ROV applied to: Transmission lines and substations; Turbines, underwater structures; Underground and overhead distribution systems; Hydro, nuclear, thermal and wind power generation systems.


2012 IEEE International Conference on Power System Technology - (POWERCON 2012)

The theme of this conference is Towards Smarter Resilient and Economic Power Systems . This is topical in the context of emerging trends of Smart Grids; resilience of electricity infrastructure to recent earthquakes, floods, nuclear-meltdown in the Asia-Pacifc region; and, trends towards Emission Trading Scheme and increased participation of private capital markets into electricity generation. A flavour of this theme in the context of New Zealand will be highlight to all our international participants.

  • 2010 International Conference on Power System Technology - (POWERCON 2010)

    distributed generation, renewables generation and its integration into power systems, UHV transmission, wide area interconnections, development of smart grid, energy storage, energy saving and emission reduction.

  • 2008 Joint International Conference on Power System Technology (POWERCON) and IEEE Power India Conference

    State-of-the-art lectures and tutorials by experts, and papers by practicing Engineers and Researchers will be presented in the areas of Power System Analysis , Computing and Economics, Modelling and Dynamic Performance, FACTS and HVDC, Restructured Energy Systems, Control and Operation, Communication and Control, Relaying and Protection, Energy Management System and Distribution Automation, Applications of Power Electronics and Power Quality, Distributed Generation & Renewable Energy Sources

  • 2006 International Conference on Power System Technology - (POWERCON 2006)


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Periodicals related to Substations

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Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on

The development and application of electric systems, apparatus, devices, and controls to the processes and equipment of industry and commerce; the promotion of safe, reliable, and economic installations; the encouragement of energy conservation; the creation of voluntary engineering standards and recommended practices.


Power and Energy Magazine, IEEE

This magazine is devoted to all aspects of the electric power field involving planning, design, construction, operation, maintenance, and control of power systems.


Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on

Research, development, design, application, construction, the installation and operation of apparatus, equipment, structures, materials, and systems for the safe, reliable, and economic delivery and control of electric energy for general industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption.


Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on

Requirements, planning, analysis, reliability, operation, and economics of electrical generating, transmission, and distribution systems for industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption.


Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid is intended to be a cross disciplinary and internationally archival journal aimed at disseminating the results of research on smart grid that relates to energy generation, transmission, distribution and delivery. The journal will publish original research on theories, technologies, design, policies, and implementation of smart grid. The Transactions will welcome manuscripts on design, implementation ...



Most published Xplore authors for Substations

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Xplore Articles related to Substations

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A circuit breaker reliability model for restoration planning considering risk of communication outage

F. Edström; L. Söder 2011 IEEE Trondheim PowerTech, 2011

A large scale blackout is a long term loss of electricity over a large geographical area. In order to succeed with the restoration, the electric utility SCADA system must be highly reliable not only in normal operation but also during a black out. The main contribution of this paper is a circuit breaker (CB) reliability model to be used in ...


An information architecture for future power systems and its reliability analysis

Zhaoxia Xie; G. Manimaran; V. Vittal; A. G. Phadke; V. Centeno IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 2002

Analysis of 162 disturbances from 1979 to 1995 reported by the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) indicates the importance of information systems under the regulated and competitive environment. This paper points out the major deficiencies in current communication and information systems and proposes a new power system information architecture aimed at correcting these deficiencies. The proposed architecture includes automation ...


System design considerations for large detectors

M. E. Johnson IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 1989

Many of the large detector systems that have been built or are presently under construction have been designed by scaling up designs suitable for smaller experiments. The author discusses some areas where such straightforward scaling can lead to unforeseen difficulties, namely, power distribution, grounding, cables, and detector deadtime


Power system planning analysis and functional requirements of the Progress Energy Carolinas Jacksonville static VAR compensator

Gregory F. Reed; John O'Connor; Siri Varadan PES T&D 2012, 2012

Progress Energy Carolinas (PEC) is planning the installation of a transmission level Static VAR Compensator (SVC) at the Jacksonville (NC) 230 kV Substation, rated +300 MVAR to -100 MVAR at the 230 kV point of common coupling. The project will be supplied as a full turnkey installation by Mitsubishi Electric Power Products Inc, including complete engineering, design, procurement, manufacturing, installation, ...


A modelling framework for the study of highly distributed power systems and demand side management

Ian Richardson; Murray Thomson; David Infield; Alice Delahunty 2009 International Conference on Sustainable Power Generation and Supply, 2009

This paper presents an approach to the modelling and simulation of highly distributed power systems, in the context of existing UK distribution networks. The model is part of a framework to assess the network impact of high-penetrations of micro-generation, as well as demand side management (DSM) measures. This framework supports the representation of the 11 kV and low voltage distribution ...


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Educational Resources on Substations

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eLearning

A circuit breaker reliability model for restoration planning considering risk of communication outage

F. Edström; L. Söder 2011 IEEE Trondheim PowerTech, 2011

A large scale blackout is a long term loss of electricity over a large geographical area. In order to succeed with the restoration, the electric utility SCADA system must be highly reliable not only in normal operation but also during a black out. The main contribution of this paper is a circuit breaker (CB) reliability model to be used in ...


An information architecture for future power systems and its reliability analysis

Zhaoxia Xie; G. Manimaran; V. Vittal; A. G. Phadke; V. Centeno IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 2002

Analysis of 162 disturbances from 1979 to 1995 reported by the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) indicates the importance of information systems under the regulated and competitive environment. This paper points out the major deficiencies in current communication and information systems and proposes a new power system information architecture aimed at correcting these deficiencies. The proposed architecture includes automation ...


System design considerations for large detectors

M. E. Johnson IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 1989

Many of the large detector systems that have been built or are presently under construction have been designed by scaling up designs suitable for smaller experiments. The author discusses some areas where such straightforward scaling can lead to unforeseen difficulties, namely, power distribution, grounding, cables, and detector deadtime


Power system planning analysis and functional requirements of the Progress Energy Carolinas Jacksonville static VAR compensator

Gregory F. Reed; John O'Connor; Siri Varadan PES T&D 2012, 2012

Progress Energy Carolinas (PEC) is planning the installation of a transmission level Static VAR Compensator (SVC) at the Jacksonville (NC) 230 kV Substation, rated +300 MVAR to -100 MVAR at the 230 kV point of common coupling. The project will be supplied as a full turnkey installation by Mitsubishi Electric Power Products Inc, including complete engineering, design, procurement, manufacturing, installation, ...


A modelling framework for the study of highly distributed power systems and demand side management

Ian Richardson; Murray Thomson; David Infield; Alice Delahunty 2009 International Conference on Sustainable Power Generation and Supply, 2009

This paper presents an approach to the modelling and simulation of highly distributed power systems, in the context of existing UK distribution networks. The model is part of a framework to assess the network impact of high-penetrations of micro-generation, as well as demand side management (DSM) measures. This framework supports the representation of the 11 kV and low voltage distribution ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Safety Aspects of Ground Grid Operation and Maintenance

    There are many possible causes for increased ground potential rise (GPR) in substations (IEEE, 2000) which may be aggravated by high fault currents. Some causes are: drying of the soil, increasing the ground resistance; excessive voltage drops in the conductors and connectors due to high currents; fusing, melting, and connector failures; and arcing, burning, and open circuits; Grounding grid connections should withstand short-circuit electromagnetic forces up to the 1.0 s fusing current of the conductors to which they are attached, and heating from fault currents for up to 90% of the fusing current for 10 s. The purpose of the equalizers is to establish an equipotential plane across the ends of the conductor strands. Without performing three-dimensional electromagnetic simulations, there is no easy way to calculate the drying of soil by the passage of electrical current and the consequent increase in resistivity.

  • Basic Information

    The first gas insulated switchgear (GIS) assemblies were designed for high voltage levels in the 1920s using oil as the insulating medium. This chapter provides a brief and simplified explanation of GIS and gaseous insulation physics. The failure distributions of the single components of GIS have been investigated for circuit breakers (CB), disconnect and earthing/grounding switches (DS/GS), and instrument transformers (IT). It describes each of the basic design elements such as sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) gas, conductors, enclosures, solid support insulators, conductor contacts, and enclosure joints. Next each functional component will be described. The arrangement of the components to match typical electrical one-lines will then be explained. Personnel safety holds a very high priority status when operating a GIS.

  • Transmission

    The purpose and benefits of the power transmission system are reviewed, as well as communication typically used with the transmission system. It is important to understand the progression of the transmission system before considering how it will evolve in the future. Power grid system components that play a role in the transmission system and throughout the power grid are introduced, including the control center, transformers, capacitors, relays, substations, and inverters; the better one understands the needs and requirements of these devices for communication, the better the communication network can be designed and implemented. Power system concepts such as frequency analysis, the phasor, and the per-unit system are introduced. Power systems control has typically been designed to sense and control locally; explicit communication is avoided to maximize reliability. Networked control is introduced and evaluated as a potential communication alternative for control. A description of the challenges in the transmission system, such as synchronization, reducing power loss, and mitigating the impact of geomagnetic storms is given. The promise of wireless power transmission is introduced, to be picked up in more detail in later chapters.

  • Reliability and Availability Applications to Distribution Systems

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, The Renewal Process (Repairable System) Recognizing the Run-Fail-Repair-Run Cycle, Models for Redundant Component Overlapping Outages, Reliability Procedures for Substations, References

  • Technology

    The gas insulated substations (GIS) technology is a continuous development process involving new materials, technical functionality, manufacturing processes, quality, and reliability improvements. The design of a GIS follows the rules of pressure vessel design with the exception of the repetitive pressure test after installation. The use of SF6 within the power energy supply is mainly driven by the gas insulated switchgear. To manufacture GIS special requirements related to high voltage conditions need to be fulfilled. GIS are assembled using standard equipment modules to construct a substation that matches the desired electrical one-line diagram of the substation. These standard modules include circuit breakers, current transformers, voltage transformers, disconnect switches, grounding switches, interconnecting bus, surge arresters, and connections to the surrounding power system, such as SF6 gas-to-air bushings, cable sealing ends, and transformer interface modules.

  • Power System Scenario Analysis

    While monitoring the prevailing operating conditions, an operator is constantly presented with situations in which he needs to make a decision on his next move. As part of the system operating order or process book, utilities document closely what the operational limits and thresholds are for their major substations, transmission lines, and transformers. They also document broadly the type of mitigating actions operators need to take to return the system to within these operating limits so as to remove problems such as voltage and power flow violations. The decision support system required for power system control includes the infrastructure to perform switching actions and a tool for scenario analysis. Different assumptions and specifications regarding the controls in a power flow can be used to represent different scenarios of the system. These scenarios include prefault and postfault system conditions.

  • Mechanical Forces and Thermal Effects in Substation Equipment Due to High Fault Currents

    Mechanical forces and thermal effects produced by high fault currents can damage or destroy substation equipment. This damage is a serious safety issue for a number of reasons. All substation equipment can suffer damage from mechanical forces caused by short circuits. The short-circuit forces on a conductor are added to the other forces to produce a total force, which must be less than the minimum yield stress of the conductor material. Flexible conductor buses may be constructed as strain buses, suspended from insulator strings. When short-circuit forces increase, force safety devices (FSDs) can mitigate pinch-force effects. Cables are subject to thermal damage from prolonged exposure to short-circuit currents. The internal arcing fault- withstand capability of gas-insulated substations (GIS) is based on the thickness of the metal walls and the gas pressure, and is thus not easy to upgrade.

  • Other Topics

    This chapter includes subjects that are related to Gas Insulated Substations (GIS). Environmental Life Cycle Assessment is increasingly important in view of total life cycle assessment and the environmental impact assessment of the product during its entire life cycle, the commissioning and decommissioning processes and with consultations with authorities. Life cycle cost analysis is of relevance to initial purchasing when searching for the best and most economical solution. The chapter discusses the effects and influences of insulation coordination, and explains the impact of overvoltages and the grounding system. It examines the very fast transient (VFT) voltages and transient enclosure voltages (TEVs) for GIS, and details the planning issues for the project scope development. The chapter also explains the health and safety impact of GIS. The electric field in operation and during short circuit of GIS is also described.

  • Calculation of Power System Overvoltages

    This chapter presents a short description of the main causes and methods for limitation of overvoltages. It discusses the analysis and calculation of typical overvoltages. The chapter provides the modelling guidelines to be used with any class of overvoltage, a description of the phenomena that cause overvoltages and some illustrative cases. Standards distinguish several classes and shapes of overvoltages: temporary overvoltages (TOV), slow-front overvoltages, fast-front overvoltages and very-fast-front overvoltages. The chapter outlines the analysis and simulation of the most frequent causes of TOVs in power systems. Switching transients in power systems are caused by the operation of breakers and switches. The switching operations can be classified into two categories: energization and de-energization. Lightning strokes are one of the primary causes of fast-front transients in power systems. Very fast transients (VFT) in gas insulated substations (GISs) can arise any time there is an instantaneous change in voltage.

  • Further Reading

    No abstract.



Standards related to Substations

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American National Standard for Switchgear - Unit Substations - Requirements


Guide for Bus Design in Air Insulated Substations

The information in this guide is applicable to rigid and strain bus structures for outdoor and indoor, air-insulated, and alternating-current substations. Ampacity, radio influence, vibration, and forces due to gravity, wind, fault current, and thermal expansion are considered. Design criteria for bus arrangements and for conductor and insulator strength calculations are included.


Guide for Cable Connections for Gas Insulated Substations

This guide establishes typical dimensions for connections of a gas insulated substation (GIS) to extruded, self contained fluid filled and high pressure fluid filled (pipe type) cables in single and three phase arrangements for voltages 72.5 kV and above. The guide applies to both fluid filled and dry type cable terminations with insulating barrier separating SF6 gas in GIS housing ...


Guide for Containment and Control of Oil Spills in Substations

This guide discusses the significance of oil spillage regulations and their applicability to electric supply substations; identifies the sources of oil spills; discusses typical designs and methods for dealing with oil containment and control of oil spills and provides guidelines for preparation of a typical Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) plan. This guide applies only to insulating oil containing ...


Guide for Direct Lightning Stroke Shielding of Substations

This guide identifies and discusses design procedures to provide direct stroke shielding of outdoor distribution, transmission, and generating plant substations. Known methods of shielding from direct strokes were investigated during the preparation of this guide, and information is provided on two methods found to be widely used: a) The classical empirical method b) The electrogeometric model A third approach, which ...


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