Conferences related to Prosthetics

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2018 7th IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (Biorob)

The RAS/EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics - BioRob 2018 - is a joint effort of the two IEEE Societies of Robotics and Automation - RAS - and Engineering in Medicine and Biology - EMBS.BioRob covers both theoretical and experimental challenges posed by the application of robotics and mechatronics in medicine and biology. The primary focus of Biorobotics is to analyze biological systems from a "biomechatronic" point of view, trying to understand the scientific and engineering principles underlying their extraordinary performance. This profound understanding of how biological systems work, behave and interact can be used for two main objectives: to guide the design and fabrication of novel, high performance bio-inspired machines and systems for many different applications; and to develop novel nano, micro-, macro- devices that can act upon, substitute parts of, and assist human beings in prevention, diagnosis, surgery, prosthetics, rehabilitation.


2017 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2017

The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2036 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2036

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2031 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2031

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2029 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2029

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2026 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2026

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2025 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2025

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conferencecovering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies;encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including thelatest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulationand more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions,panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2024 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2024

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2023 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2023

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2022 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2022

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2021 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2021

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2020 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2020

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2019 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2019

    Comprehensive symposium on microwave theory and techniques including active and passive circuit components, theory and microwave systems.

  • 2018 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2018

    Microwave theory and techniques, RF/microwave/millimeter-wave/terahertz circuit design and fabrication technology, radio/wireless communication.

  • 2016 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2016

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2015 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2015

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics. The IMS includes technical sessions, both oral and interactive, worksh

  • 2014 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2014

    IMS2014 will cover developments in microwave technology from nano devices to system applications. Technical paper sessions, interactive forums, plenary and panel sessions, workshops, short courses, industrial exhibits, and a wide array of other technical activities will be offered.

  • 2013 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2013

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter -wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2012 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2012

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2011 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2011

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2010 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2010

    Reports of research and development at the state-of-the-art of the theory and techniques related to the technology and applications of devices, components, circuits, modules and systems in the RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, submillimeter-wave and Terahertz ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

  • 2009 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2009

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2008 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2008

  • 2007 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2007

  • 2006 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2006

  • 2005 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2005

  • 2004 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2004

  • 2003 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2003

  • 2002 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2002

  • 2001 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2001

  • 2000 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2000

  • 1999 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '99

  • 1998 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '98

  • 1997 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '97

  • 1996 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '96


2017 14th IEEE Annual Consumer Communications & Networking Conference (CCNC)

IEEE CCNC 2017 will present the latest developments and technical solutions in the areas of home networking, consumer networking, enabling technologies (such as middleware) and novel applications and services. The conference will include a peer-reviewed program of technical sessions, special sessions, business application sessions, tutorials, and demonstration sessions


2017 14th International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligence (URAI)

The aim of this conference is to bring together academics, researchers, engineers and students worldwide to discuss the state-of-the-art technology and to present recent works related to the various aspects of all kinds of robots. Topics include but not limited to: Ubiquitous robots, Ambient intelligence, Network-based robotics, Human-robot interaction, Robot vision and audition, Sensor networks and sensor fusion, Robotic agents, Robot intelligence and learning, Intelligent space/environment technologies, Distributed robotics, Navigation and localization, Robot kinematics and dynamics, Robot control, Robotic mechanism and design, Control architecture and middleware, Haptics and teleoperation, Sensors and actuators, Medical/rehabilitation robotics, Humanoid robots, Field robots, Service robots, Industrial robots, Biorobotics and biomimetics, Robotic media and art, Internet of robotic things, Healthcare & life-care robots, etc.


2017 17th International Symposium on Communications and Information Technologies (ISCIT)

ISCIT will provide a forum for researchers, engineers and industry experts to exchange and discuss new ideas, recent development, and breakthroughs in IoT, communications and information technologies. Areas of interest are: Wireless Communications, Circuits and Systems, Wireless Networking and IoT, and Next-Generation Networking.


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Periodicals related to Prosthetics

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on

Publishes original and significant contributions relating to the theory, design, performance and reliability of electron devices, including optoelectronics devices, nanoscale devices, solid-state devices, integrated electronic devices, energy sources, power devices, displays, sensors, electro-mechanical devices, quantum devices and electron tubes.


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Xplore Articles related to Prosthetics

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“hands on” in Bioengineering

Teodiano F. Bastos; Sandra M. T. Muller 2010 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology, 2010

Several students of Bioengineering complain about the excess of theoretical classes and the difficulty to assimilate the subject taught. This article presents a strategy to mix theory and practice when teaching, thus motivating students to engage in their studies.


Role Analysis of Dominant and Non-dominant Hand in Daily Life

Hiroshi Kousaka; Hiroshi Mizoguchi; Masahiro Yoshikawa; Hideyuki Tanaka; Yoshio Matsumoto 2013 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, 2013

In order to develop useful assistive devices, analyses and understanding of human functions are necessary. We recorded the activities of daily living, and classified the usage of both hands using the vocabulary of ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) approved by WHO. We confirmed that the usage of the non-dominant hand is auxiliary and greatly different from that ...


Link budget analysis of a biocompatible dual-band implantable antenna for Intracranial Pressure monitoring

Konstantinos A. Psathas; Asimina Kiourti; Konstantina S. Nikita 2014 XXXIth URSI General Assembly and Scientific Symposium (URSI GASS), 2014

Next generation (next-gen) Implantable Medical Devices (IMDs) require miniature, high-performance biocompatible antennas. In this study, we numerically assess the telemetry link between a biocompatible dual-band implantable antenna and an external receiver. Two telemetry scenarios are examined: with and without the presence of an intermediate relay antenna. Use of the relay antenna is proposed towards a more stable and reliable telemetry ...


Biomimetic myoelectric control of a dexterous prosthetic hand

Benjamin A. Kent; Erik D. Engeberg 2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics, 2011

A new biomimetic two-input EMG based control algorithm for a dexterous robotic hand is presented. The biomimetic controller maps the EMG control signals to the prosthesis in a more physiologically expected manner. By exploiting the muscular structure of the forearm, the controller permits control of both power and lateral pinch grasps in addition to a typing function with the index ...


Implantable bladder volume sensor based on resistor ladder network composed of conductive hydrogel composite

Mi Kyung Kim; Hyojung Kim; Yeon Su Jung; Kenana M. A. Adem; Sarah S. Bawazir; Cesare Stefanini; Hyunjoo J. Lee 2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2017

An accurate bladder volume monitoring system is a critical component in diagnosis and treatment of urological disorders. Here, we report an implantable bladder volume sensor with a multi-level resistor ladder which estimates the bladder volume through discrete resistance values. Discretization allows the sensor output to be resilient to the long-term drift, hysteresis, and degradation of the sensor materials. Our sensor ...


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Educational Resources on Prosthetics

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eLearning

“hands on” in Bioengineering

Teodiano F. Bastos; Sandra M. T. Muller 2010 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology, 2010

Several students of Bioengineering complain about the excess of theoretical classes and the difficulty to assimilate the subject taught. This article presents a strategy to mix theory and practice when teaching, thus motivating students to engage in their studies.


Role Analysis of Dominant and Non-dominant Hand in Daily Life

Hiroshi Kousaka; Hiroshi Mizoguchi; Masahiro Yoshikawa; Hideyuki Tanaka; Yoshio Matsumoto 2013 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, 2013

In order to develop useful assistive devices, analyses and understanding of human functions are necessary. We recorded the activities of daily living, and classified the usage of both hands using the vocabulary of ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) approved by WHO. We confirmed that the usage of the non-dominant hand is auxiliary and greatly different from that ...


Link budget analysis of a biocompatible dual-band implantable antenna for Intracranial Pressure monitoring

Konstantinos A. Psathas; Asimina Kiourti; Konstantina S. Nikita 2014 XXXIth URSI General Assembly and Scientific Symposium (URSI GASS), 2014

Next generation (next-gen) Implantable Medical Devices (IMDs) require miniature, high-performance biocompatible antennas. In this study, we numerically assess the telemetry link between a biocompatible dual-band implantable antenna and an external receiver. Two telemetry scenarios are examined: with and without the presence of an intermediate relay antenna. Use of the relay antenna is proposed towards a more stable and reliable telemetry ...


Biomimetic myoelectric control of a dexterous prosthetic hand

Benjamin A. Kent; Erik D. Engeberg 2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics, 2011

A new biomimetic two-input EMG based control algorithm for a dexterous robotic hand is presented. The biomimetic controller maps the EMG control signals to the prosthesis in a more physiologically expected manner. By exploiting the muscular structure of the forearm, the controller permits control of both power and lateral pinch grasps in addition to a typing function with the index ...


Implantable bladder volume sensor based on resistor ladder network composed of conductive hydrogel composite

Mi Kyung Kim; Hyojung Kim; Yeon Su Jung; Kenana M. A. Adem; Sarah S. Bawazir; Cesare Stefanini; Hyunjoo J. Lee 2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2017

An accurate bladder volume monitoring system is a critical component in diagnosis and treatment of urological disorders. Here, we report an implantable bladder volume sensor with a multi-level resistor ladder which estimates the bladder volume through discrete resistance values. Discretization allows the sensor output to be resilient to the long-term drift, hysteresis, and degradation of the sensor materials. Our sensor ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Introduction

    This chapter presents introductory material on relevance to military, overview of control strategies, fusion of hard and soft control strategies, and summary of the remaining chapters of the book "Fusion of Hard and Soft Control Strategies for the Robotic Hand." The proposed book is an outgrowth of the interdisciplinary Biomedical Sciences and Engineering (BMSE) research project exemplifying "The Third Revolution: The Convergence of Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Engineering." Bio‐Revolution is one of the eight strategic research thrusts that DARPA is emphasizing in response to emerging trends and national security. Electromyographic (EMG) signal is a simple and easily obtainable source of information about various movements to be used for artificial or prosthetic hand. A probabilistic model of the EMG pattern was formulated in the feature space of integral absolute value (IAV) to provide the relation between a command, represented by motion and speed variables, and the location and shape of the pattern for real‐time control of a prosthetic or robotic arm.

  • Patient-Centered Design of Cognitive Assistive Technology for Traumatic Brain Injury Telerehabilitation

    Computer software has been productive in helping individuals with cognitive disabilities. Personalizing the user interface is an important strategy in designing software for these users, because of the barriers created by conventional user interfaces for the cognitively disabled. Cognitive assistive technology (CAT) has typically been used to provide help with everyday activities, outside of cognitive rehabilitation therapy. This book describes a quarter century of computing R&D at the Institute for Cognitive Prosthetics, focusing on the needs of individuals with cognitive disabilities from brain injury. Models and methods from Human Computer Interaction (HCI) have been particularly valuable, initially in illuminating those needs. Subsequently HCI methods have expanded CAT to be powerful rehabilitation therapy tools, restoring some damaged cognitive abilities which have resisted conventional therapy. Patient-Centered Design (PCD) emerged as a design methodology which incorporates both clinical and technical factors. PCD also takes advantage of the patient's ability to redesign and refine the user interface, and to achieve a very good fit between user and system. Cognitive Prosthetics Telerehabilitation is a powerful therapy modality. Essential characteristics are delivering service to patients in their own home, having the patient's priority activities be the focus of therapy, using cognitive prosthetic software which applies Patient Centered Design, and videoconferencing with a workspace shared between therapist and patient. Cognitive Prosthetics Telerehabilitation has a rich set of advantages for the many stakeholders involved with brain injury rehabilitation.

  • Methods for Movement Restoration

    Restoration of movement in humans with motor disability is an important element of rehabilitation that allows reintegration into healthy life. The basis of movement restoration is the external assistance that provides the compromised function for the person with the disability. This chapter presents methods of assistance and illustrates them with some systems that are currently being accepted as favorable for rehabilitation: balance and body weight robot assistants for training of walking; reaching assistants for training shoulder and elbow functions; assistive systems based on electrical stimulation. It also briefly presents the possible use of magnetic or direct electrical stimulation of brain structures and spinal cord to enhance motor function and have therapeutic effect.

  • Myoelectric Prostheses and Targeted Reinnervation

    A number of factors have led to a resurgence of myoelectric control research since the early 2000s. First, low-power electronics have developed to the point where multichannel pattern recognition algorithms can readily be implemented on an embedded system. Second, due to a large number of high-level amputees resulting from recent military conflicts, governments have initiated well-funded programs to improve neural interfaces for prosthetics. Finally, new and innovative neural¿¿-¿¿machine interfaces, such as targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR), have been developed to provide a rich source of neural information from which control signals can be derived. This chapter provides an overview of existing myoelectric control strategies, highlighting the benefits and limitations of both conventional and pattern recognition techniques, and TMR. The chapter concludes with a summary of exciting emerging technologies that have the potential to further enhance the field of myoelectric control.

  • Progress in Peripheral Neural Interfaces

    Current developments in peripheral neural interfaces are facilitating their translation to clinical applications such as devices for use in human¿¿-¿¿machine interfaces (HMI) for advanced active prostheses. This chapter talks about the background of the anatomy of the nervous system, and then focuses mainly on the progress and methods used to address three challenges. The three challenges include (i) interface selectivity, (ii) device reach, and (iii) implanted device long-term stability and biocompatibility outlined for the extrafascicular and intrafascicular approaches. The chapter briefly discusses the state of the art of devices for each approach. Finally, it highlights the key advances such as the application of microfabrication techniques and the translation from animal to human. Advances in device modeling and cursory investigations of the use of nanotechnologies and the relevance of each in overcoming current issues of the state of the art are also discussed.

  • Neural Interfacing:Forging the Human-Machine Connection

    In the past 50 years there has been an explosion of interest in the development of technologies whose end goal is to connect the human brain and/or nervous system directly to computers. Once the subject of science fiction, the technologies necessary to accomplish this goal are rapidly becoming reality. In laboratories around the globe, research is being undertaken to restore function to the physically disabled, to replace areas of the brain damaged by disease or trauma and to augment human abilities. Building neural interfaces and neuro-prosthetics relies on a diverse array of disciplines such as neuroscience, engineering, medicine and microfabrication just to name a few. This book presents a short history of neural interfacing (N.I.) research and introduces the reader to some of the current efforts to develop neural prostheses. The book is intended as an introduction for the college freshman or others wishing to learn more about the field. A resource guide is included for students al ng with a list of laboratories conducting N.I. research and universities with N.I. related tracks of study. Table of Contents: Neural Interfaces Past and Present / Current Neuroprosthesis Research / Conclusion / Resources for Students

  • Controlling Prostheses Using PNS Invasive Interfaces for Amputees

    Several attempts have been made to enhance the control of highly sensorized prostheses. One of the main goals is to create a bidirectional link between the prosthesis and the nervous system. Several approaches based on noninvasive and invasive interfaces have been developed and tested. Among these, interfaces with the peripheral nervous system (PNS), especially longitudinal intrafascicular electrodes (LIFEs), seem to be a promising solution. This chapter presents the potential and the limits of these interfaces for the control of prosthetic devices. It reviews the state of the art of artificial hand control based on the use of invasive interfaces with the PNS. Decoding algorithms represent a critical step for electroneurographic (ENG)-based hand prosthesis control. Algorithms have been mainly developed for the closed-loop control of functional electrical stimulation (FES) systems. Several techniques have been developed to provide noninvasive tactile or proprioceptive information to the amputees.

  • Introduction to Upper Limb Prosthetics

    This chapter overviews the current state of the art of commercial externally powered prostheses and outline current developments in research that will most likely have an important impact on future commercial prosthetic systems. It presents the requirements of advanced prostheses and discusses the rather large gap between commercial systems and systems in academic research. Since the prosthetic hand is a key component in upper limb prosthetics, the chapter mainly focuses on prosthetic hands. In fact, the lack of sufficiently powerful human-machine interfaces-or, more specifically, neural-machine interfaces-is the major limiting factor at the moment in upper limb prosthetics. Given the rather small number of upper limb amputees and the complexity of the advanced solutions discussed in this chapter as well as the excessive costs for clinical evaluation, there is no doubt that prosthetic products based on these technologies could be expensive.

  • Selectivity of Peripheral Neural Interfaces

    The peripheral nerve interface provides a connection between the peripheral nerve cells in our bodies and neuroprosthetic devices. It is important to consider and assess how well different types of neural interfaces selectively access specific nerve fibers. This chapter first provides a background for understanding the importance of selectivity by introducing two examples of neural prosthesis applications, and reviews the state of the art of methods for quantitatively assessing selectivity. Second, it defines four success criteria for evaluating selectivity, and provides specific results from an experimental study for comparing the selectivity performance of two intraneural peripheral electrodes (thin-film longitudinal intrafascicular electrodes (tfLIFE) and the transverse, intrafascicular multichannel electrode (TIME) interfaces) placed in the median nerve in the forelimb of pigs. It is shown that the design and placement of the electrode must be carefully considered before choosing a neural interface for a specific neural prosthesis application.

  • Conclusions and Future Work

    This chapter presents the conclusions described in the book related to the fusion of hard control strategies such as proportional integral‐derivative (PID), optimal, adaptive, and soft control strategies such as adaptive neuro‐fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), genetic algorithms (GA), particle swarm optimization (PSO), for a robotic or prosthetic hand. Chapter 2 of the book addressed the forward kinematics, inverse kinematics, and differential kinematics models of a serial n revolute‐joint planar two‐link thumb, and three‐link index finger. The fingertip (end‐effector) positions of each finger were derived by forward kinematics. Chapter 3 of the book described the dynamic equations of hand motion successfully derived via Lagrangian approach for two‐link thumb and three‐link fingers using the mathematical model of the actuator by using direct current (DC) motor and mechanical gears.



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