Prosthesis

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In medicine, a prosthesis, prosthetic, or prosthetic limb is an artificial device extension that replaces a missing body part. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Prosthesis

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2020 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics (IFCS-ISAF)

Ferroelectric materials and applications


2019 20th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems & Eurosensors XXXIII (TRANSDUCERS & EUROSENSORS XXXIII)

The world's premiere conference in MEMS sensors, actuators and integrated micro and nano systems welcomes you to attend this four-day event showcasing major technological, scientific and commercial breakthroughs in mechanical, optical, chemical and biological devices and systems using micro and nanotechnology.The major areas of activity in the development of Transducers solicited and expected at this conference include but are not limited to: Bio, Medical, Chemical, and Micro Total Analysis Systems Fabrication and Packaging Mechanical and Physical Sensors Materials and Characterization Design, Simulation and Theory Actuators Optical MEMS RF MEMS Nanotechnology Energy and Power


2019 9th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

Neural Engineering

  • 2017 8th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural Engineering is an emerging core discipline,which coalesces neuroscience with engineering.Members of both the Neuroscience and Engineering Communities areencouraged to attend this highly multidisciplinarymeeting. The conference will highlight the emergingengineering innovations in the restoration andenhancement of impaired sensory, motor, andcognitive functions, novel engineering for deepeningknowledge of brain function, and advanced designand use of neurotechnologies

  • 2015 7th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problemsassociated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, theelectrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, theanalysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi -scale from the single -cell and to the systemlevels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implantsand wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2013 6th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problems associated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, the electrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, the analysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi-scale from the single-cell and to the system levels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implants and wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2011 5th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2007 3rd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering

  • 2005 2nd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering

  • 2003 1st International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering


2018 40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE


2018 7th IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (Biorob)

The RAS/EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics - BioRob 2018 - is a joint effort of the two IEEE Societies of Robotics and Automation - RAS - and Engineering in Medicine and Biology - EMBS.BioRob covers both theoretical and experimental challenges posed by the application of robotics and mechatronics in medicine and biology. The primary focus of Biorobotics is to analyze biological systems from a "biomechatronic" point of view, trying to understand the scientific and engineering principles underlying their extraordinary performance. This profound understanding of how biological systems work, behave and interact can be used for two main objectives: to guide the design and fabrication of novel, high performance bio-inspired machines and systems for many different applications; and to develop novel nano, micro-, macro- devices that can act upon, substitute parts of, and assist human beings in prevention, diagnosis, surgery, prosthetics, rehabilitation.


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Periodicals related to Prosthesis

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Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in

The IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering will review the state-of-the-art and trends in the emerging field of biomedical engineering. This includes scholarly works, ranging from historic and modern development in biomedical engineering to the life sciences and medicine enabled by technologies covered by the various IEEE societies.


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Computer Graphics and Applications, IEEE

IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications (CG&A) bridges the theory and practice of computer graphics. From specific algorithms to full system implementations, CG&A offers a strong combination of peer-reviewed feature articles and refereed departments, including news and product announcements. Special Applications sidebars relate research stories to commercial development. Cover stories focus on creative applications of the technology by an artist or ...


Education, IEEE Transactions on

Educational methods, technology, and programs; history of technology; impact of evolving research on education.


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Most published Xplore authors for Prosthesis

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Xplore Articles related to Prosthesis

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Active ankle prosthesis powered by electrohydrostatic actuation technology: Design and implementation

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China', u'full_name': u'Jing Fang'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China', u'full_name': u'Xingjian Wang'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China', u'full_name': u'Rufei Li'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China', u'full_name': u'Shaoping Wang'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China', u'full_name': u'Weiqun Wang'}] CSAA/IET International Conference on Aircraft Utility Systems (AUS 2018), None

Currently, the majority of published ankle prostheses employ electrical drives or hydraulic drives. In this paper, an active ankle prosthesis powered by electrohydrostatic actuation (EHA) is proposed. EHA is a new actuator that integrates the actuation system energy source and the output actuator. It has been successfully applied to aircrafts such as the A380, A400M, B787 and F35. The use ...


Multiple Linkage Type Robotic Prosthesis to Prevent Trip and Fall

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Mie University, 1577 Kurimamachiya-cho, Tsu-city, Mie, 514-8507, Japan', u'full_name': u'Motovu Katsumura'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Mie University, 1577 Kurimamachiya-cho, Tsu-city, Mie, 514-8507, Japan', u'full_name': u'Tadavoshi Shimodaira'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Mie University, 1577 Kurimamachiya-cho, Tsu-city, Mie, 514-8507, Japan', u'full_name': u"Ken'ichi Yano"}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Imasen Engineering Corporation, 3-1-8 Techno Plaza Kakamigahara-city, Gifu, 509-0109, Japan', u'full_name': u'Atsushi Hamada'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Imasen Engineering Corporation, 3-1-8 Techno Plaza Kakamigahara-city, Gifu, 509-0109, Japan', u'full_name': u'Tomoyuki Nakao'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'Imasen Engineering Corporation, 3-1-8 Techno Plaza Kakamigahara-city, Gifu, 509-0109, Japan', u'full_name': u'Katsuhiko Torii'}] 2018 7th IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (Biorob), None

The number of lower limb amputations in Japan has recently been increasing. This is due to rising incidence of arteriosclerosis obliterans and diabetes resulting in amputations for elderly people. There are two main types of lower limb amputations: below knee (50%) and above knee (35%). Especially, for patients with above-knee amputation, above-knee prosthesis is commonly applied. However, this type of ...


Initial Results of a Variable Speed Knee Controller for Walking with a Powered Knee and Ankle Prosthesis

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Shirley Ryan AbilitvLab, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA', u'full_name': u'Kyle J. Kaveny'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Shirley Ryan AbilitvLab, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA', u'full_name': u'Ann M. Simon'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Department of Mechanical Engineering, Utah Robotics Center at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA', u'full_name': u'Tommaso Lenzi'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Shirley Ryan AbilitvLab, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA', u'full_name': u'Suzanne B. Finucane'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Shirley Ryan AbilitvLab, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA', u'full_name': u'Emily A. Seyforth'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'Shirley Ryan AbilitvLab, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA', u'full_name': u'Graci Finco'}, {u'author_order': 7, u'affiliation': u'Shirley Ryan AbilitvLab, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA', u'full_name': u'Kasen L. Culler'}, {u'author_order': 8, u'affiliation': u'Shirley Ryan AbilitvLab, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA', u'full_name': u'Levi J. Hargrove'}] 2018 7th IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (Biorob), None

Powered knee and ankle prostheses can potentially improve the mobility and function of their users, but determining the best way to control the prosthesis is difficult. Controllers that vary knee swing speed have been shown to restore gait symmetry with a powered knee and ankle prosthesis. This study's goal was to combine an existing variable speed knee swing controller with ...


The Difference Threshold of Ankle-Foot Prosthesis Stiffness for Persons with Transtibial Amputation

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Northwestern University, The Neurobionics Lab, University of Michigan, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Ann Arbor', u'full_name': u'Max K. Shepherd'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'University of Michigan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ann Arbor', u'full_name': u'Alejandro F. Azocar'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Northwestern University, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA', u'full_name': u'Matthew J. Major'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'The Robotics Institute, University of Michigan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA', u'full_name': u'Elliott J. Rouse'}] 2018 7th IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (Biorob), None

Most prosthetic feet behave like springs, and their stiffness affects many important facets of amputee gait. Despite the importance of prosthesis stiffness, the ability of amputees to sense stiffness changes-that is, distinguish between more or less stiff feet-is unknown. This perceptual resolution has implications for the methodology and overall significance of selecting the optimal foot stiffness during prescription. In this ...


Quasi-Static Modelling of a Redundant Knee Prosthesis

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Institute of Neuroscience; and Louvain Bionics, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Research in Mechatronics, Institute of Mechanics, Materials, and Civil Engineering, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Sophie Heins'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Vrije Universiteit, Robotics and MultiBody Mechanics Research Group, Brussels, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Louis Flynn'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Vrije Universiteit, Robotics and MultiBody Mechanics Research Group, Brussels, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Joost Geeroms'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Vrije Universiteit, Robotics and MultiBody Mechanics Research Group, Brussels, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Dirk Lefeber'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Institute of Neuroscience; and Louvain Bionics, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Research in Mechatronics, Institute of Mechanics, Materials, and Civil Engineering, Belgium', u'full_name': u'Renaud Ronsse'}] 2018 7th IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (Biorob), None

Developing mechanical devices to restore natural locomotion for transfemoral amputees still raises many challenges. One of them is the development of an efficient control strategy for the prosthesis active joints, with the objective of making it flexible and intuitive to use. This paper reports the modelling of the knee joint of the transfemoral CYBERLEGs Beta-Prosthesis, an actuated elastic ankle-knee prosthesis ...


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Educational Resources on Prosthesis

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eLearning

No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Prosthesis"

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Large Margin Multi-channel Analog-to-Digital Conversion with Applications to Neural Prosthesis

    A key challenge in designing analog-to-digital converters for cortically implanted prosthesis is to sense and process high-dimensional neural signals recorded by the micro-electrode arrays. In this paper, we describe a novel architecture for analog-to-digital (A/D) conversion that combines ΣΔ conversion with spatial de-correlation within a single module. The architecture called multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) ΣΔ is based on a min-max gradient descent optimization of a regularized linear cost function that naturally lends to an A/D formulation. Using an online formulation, the architecture can adapt to slow variations in cross-channel correlations, observed due to relative motion of the microelectrodes with respect to the signal sources. Experimental results with real recorded multi-channel neural data demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm in alleviating cross-channel redundancy across electrodes and performing data-compression directly at the A/D converter.

  • Advances in Cognitive Neural Prosthesis: Recognition of Neural Data with an Information-Theoretic Objective

    We give an overview of recent advances in cognitive-based neural prostheses, and point out the major differences with respect to commonly used motor-based brain-machine interfaces. While encouraging results in neuroprosthetic research have demonstrated the proof of concept, the development of practical neural prostheses is still in the phase of infancy. To address complex issues arising in the development of practical neural prostheses we review several related studies ranging from the identification of new cognitive variables to the development of novel signal processing tools. In the second part of this chapter, we discuss an information-theoretic approach to the extraction of low-dimensional features from high-dimensional neural data. We argue that this approach may be better suited for certain neuroprosthetic applications than the traditionally used features. An extensive analysis of electrical recordings from the human brain demonstrates that processing data in this manner yields more informative features than off-the-shelf techniques such as linear discriminant analysis. Finally, we show that the feature extraction is not only a useful dimensionality reduction technique, but also that the recognition of neural data may improve in the feature domain.

  • Talking iPads and the Partial Promise of Voice: What Is Voice?

    Voice is a universally relevant concept yet there is no shared consensus of its meaning, particularly among those who study media and communication. This polysemy is especially palpable in the three introductory quotes. Each parent articulates different understandings of voice in relation to their child's use of the iPad and Proloquo2Go. To Donna, an AAC device is a voice, and a voice is a prosthesis and bodily extension.

  • Power/Data Telemetry Techniques for Implants or Wearable Systems

    The need for energy efficient and multi-functional implanted or wearable devices has driven research into novel power and data telemetry techniques. For both implantable and wearable devices, specifications of the power and data telemetry need to be identified based on the underlying applications. However, few general methods and technologies have been developed to ease the constraints of these systems. For example, multiple wireless power transfer (WPT) methods. This chapter presents two design examples that discuss the implementation of a leading implanted retinal prosthesis and a wearable electronics based on body-area network (BAN). For WPT systems, the efficiency of the power transfer depends on the operating frequency, operating distance, and the dimensions of the external and implant coils. The chapter describes three methods based on the operating frequency and electromagnetic field source: inductive coupling, high frequency power transfer, and permanent magnet-based power transfer.

  • Rehabilitation Robotic Prostheses for Upper Extremity

    One of the most valuable applications for medical mechatronics is the robotic prosthesis for it not only plays a crucial role in rehabilitation but also helps much in improving life quality of patients. Recently, various rehabilitation robots have been developed. The method to reduce the complexity is first introduced in this chapter. The method is based on a robust control law and an independent joint model, and is derived in detail in this chapter. The chapter emphasizes the mechanical mechanisms of the rehabilitation robot hand and the associated power systems. It focuses on robust control law design based on the independent joint model to reduce the complexity of the design process. The chapter also introduces a method which can improve the stability of neuroprostheses, and nontarget electromyography (EMG) pattern filtering (NTPF) scheme. The results have shown that the introduced NTPF scheme is able to maintain a high EMG classification rate.

  • Controlling Prostheses Using PNS Invasive Interfaces for Amputees

    Several attempts have been made to enhance the control of highly sensorized prostheses. One of the main goals is to create a bidirectional link between the prosthesis and the nervous system. Several approaches based on noninvasive and invasive interfaces have been developed and tested. Among these, interfaces with the peripheral nervous system (PNS), especially longitudinal intrafascicular electrodes (LIFEs), seem to be a promising solution. This chapter presents the potential and the limits of these interfaces for the control of prosthetic devices. It reviews the state of the art of artificial hand control based on the use of invasive interfaces with the PNS. Decoding algorithms represent a critical step for electroneurographic (ENG)-based hand prosthesis control. Algorithms have been mainly developed for the closed-loop control of functional electrical stimulation (FES) systems. Several techniques have been developed to provide noninvasive tactile or proprioceptive information to the amputees.

  • Selectivity of Peripheral Neural Interfaces

    The peripheral nerve interface provides a connection between the peripheral nerve cells in our bodies and neuroprosthetic devices. It is important to consider and assess how well different types of neural interfaces selectively access specific nerve fibers. This chapter first provides a background for understanding the importance of selectivity by introducing two examples of neural prosthesis applications, and reviews the state of the art of methods for quantitatively assessing selectivity. Second, it defines four success criteria for evaluating selectivity, and provides specific results from an experimental study for comparing the selectivity performance of two intraneural peripheral electrodes (thin-film longitudinal intrafascicular electrodes (tfLIFE) and the transverse, intrafascicular multichannel electrode (TIME) interfaces) placed in the median nerve in the forelimb of pigs. It is shown that the design and placement of the electrode must be carefully considered before choosing a neural interface for a specific neural prosthesis application.

  • Practical Considerations in Retinal Neuroprosthesis Design

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * Electrode Organization and Phosphenized Vision * Electrode Quantities and Stimulation Rates * Electrode Fabrication * Psychophysics of Electrical Stimulation * Implantation and Prosthesis Design * Implant Electronics * Models of Electrodes and Current Injection * Conclusion * References

  • Interfacing Neural and Artificial Systems: From Neuroengineering to Neurorobotics

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * Neurorobotic Platform for Experimental Validation of Sensorimotor Coordination and Learning in Grasping * Cybernetic Hand Prosthesis * Conclusions * Acknowledgments * References

  • BrainImplantable Biomimetic Electronics as Neural Prostheses to Restore Lost Cognitive Function

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * The System: Hippocampus * General Strategy and System Requirements * Proof of Concept: Replacement of CA3 Region of Hippocampal Slice with Biomimetic Device * Experimental Characterization of Nonlinear Properties of the Hippocampal Trisynaptic Pathway * Nonlinear Dynamic Modeling of CA3 Input/Output Properties * Microcircuitry Implementation of CA3 Input/Output Model * Conformal, Multisite Electrode Array Interface * System Integration: Restoration of Hippocampal Trisynaptic Circuit Dynamics with CA3 Prosthesis * Acknowledgments * References



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