Photovoltaics

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Photovoltaics (PV) is a method of generating electrical power by converting solar radiation into direct current electricity using semiconductors that exhibit the photovoltaic effect. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Photovoltaics

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2015 IEEE International Reliability Physics Symposium (IRPS)

Sharing information related to cause, effects and solutions in the deign and manufacture of electronics and related components


2014 IEEE 23rd International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE)

Control Systems & ApplicationsPower ElectronicsSignal Processing & Computational IntelligenceRobotics & MechatronicsSensors, Actuators & System IntegrationElectrical Machines & DrivesFactory Automation & Industrial InformaticsEmerging Technologies

  • 2012 IEEE 21st International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE)

    IEEE-ISIE is the largest summer conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, which is an international forum for presentation and discussion of the state of art in Industrial Electronics and related areas.

  • 2011 IEEE 20th International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE)

    Industrial electronics, power electronics, power converters, electrical machines and drives, signal processing, computational intelligence, mechatronics, robotics, telecommuniction, power systems, renewable energy, factory automation, industrial informatics.

  • 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE 2010)

    Application of electronics and electrical sciences for the enhancement of industrial and manufacturing processes. Latest developments in intelligent and computer control systems, robotics, factory communications and automation, flexible manufacturing, data acquisition and signal processing, vision systems, and power electronics.

  • 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE 2009)

    The purpose of the IEEE international conference is to provide a forum for presentation and discussion of the state-of art of Industrial Electronics and related areas.


2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

The PVSC is a technical conference dedicated to the science and application of photovoltaics for solar electricity generation. Technical Program Areas: 1. Fundamentals and New Concepts for Future Technologies 2. Thin Film Polycrystalline Photovoltaics 3. III-V and Concentrator Technologies 4. Crystalline Silicon Technologies 5. Thin Film Silicon Based PV Technologies 6. Organic Photovoltaics 7. Space Technologies 8. Characterization and Measurement Methods 9. PV Modules and Manufacturing 10. PV Systems and Applications 11. PV Velocity Forum


2014 IEEE 45th Semiconductor Interface Specialists Conference (SISC)

The SISC provides a unique forum for device engineers, solid-state physicists, and materials scientists to discuss issues of common interest. Principal topics for discussion at SISC are semiconductor/insulator interfaces, the physics of insulating thin films, and the interaction among materials science, device physics, and state-of-the-art technology.


2013 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IIRW)

We invite you to submit a presentation proposal that addresses any semiconductor related reliability issue, including the following topics: resistive memories, high-k and nitrided SiO2 gate dielectrics, reliability assessment of novel devices, III-V, SOI, emerging memory technologies, transistor reliability including hot carriers and NBTI/PBTI, root cause defects (physical mechanisms and simulations), Cu interconnects and low-k dielectrics, impact of transistor degradation on circuit reliability, designing-in reliability (products, circuits,systems, processes), customer product reliability requirements / manufacturer reliability tasks, waferlevel reliability tests (test approaches and reliability test structures), reliability modeling and simulation,optoelectronics, and single event upsets.

  • 2012 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IIRW)

    The IRW focuses on ensuring electronic device reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and simulation, as well as identification of the defects and physical mechanisms responsible for reliability problems.

  • 2011 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IIRW)

    The IRW focuses on ensuring electronic device reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and simulation, as well as identification of the defects and physical mechanisms responsible for reliability problems through tutorials, paper presentations, discussion groups and special interest groups.

  • 2010 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IIRW)

    The Integrated Reliability Workshop focuses on ensuring electronic device reliability through fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and simulation, as well as identification of the defects and physical mechanisms responsible for reliability problems. Through tutorials, discussion groups, special interest groups, and the informal format of the technical program, a unique environment is provided for understanding, developing, and sharing reliability technology and test methodology for present and f

  • 2009 IEEE International Integrated Reliability Workshop (IRW)

    Semiconductor Reliability in general; and Wafer Level Reliability in specific. Covering areas like (but not limited to): Design-in Reliability, reliability characterization, deep sub-micron transistor and circuit reliability, customer reliability requirements, wafer level reliability tests, and reliability root cause analysis, etc.


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Periodicals related to Photovoltaics

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Advanced Packaging, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging has its focus on the modeling, design, and analysis of advanced electronic, photonic, sensors, and MEMS packaging.


Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Components and Packaging Technologies, IEEE Transactions on

Component parts, hybrid microelectronics, materials, packaging techniques, and manufacturing technology.


Device and Materials Reliability, IEEE Transactions on

Provides leading edge information that is critical to the creation of reliable electronic devices and materials, and a focus for interdisciplinary communication in the state of the art of reliability of electronic devices, and the materials used in their manufacture. It focuses on the reliability of electronic, optical, and magnetic devices, and microsystems; the materials and processes used in the ...


Electronics Packaging Manufacturing, IEEE Transactions on

Design for manufacturability, cost and process modeling, process control and automation, factory analysis and improvement, information systems, statistical methods, environmentally-friendly processing, and computer-integrated manufacturing for the production of electronic assemblies, products, and systems.


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Xplore Articles related to Photovoltaics

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Anisotropic wrinkle formation on shape memory polymer substrates

Journal of Applied Physics, 2012

In this paper, we demonstrate an assisted self-assembly fabrication method for unidirectional patterns using pre-programmed shape memory polymer (SMP) as the substrate in an organic/inorganic bi-layer structure. By heating the hybrid structure above the SMP's shape recovery temperature, the substrate expands because of positive coefficients of thermal expansion in one direction, while in the perpendicular direction it shrinks due to ...


Special issue on variation aware technology and circuit co design

Photovoltaics, IEEE Journal of, 2014

Describes the above-named upcoming special issue or section. May include topics to be covered or calls for papers.


12.0% Efficiency on Large-Area, Encapsulated, Multijunction nc-Si:H-Based Solar Cells

Photovoltaics, IEEE Journal of, 2012

Because of its superior long-wavelength response and stability against light- induced degradation, hydrogenated nanocrystalline silicon (nc-Si:H) has become a promising candidate to replace hydrogenated amorphous silicon-germanium alloy (a-SiGe:H) in multijunction thin-film silicon solar cells. In this paper, we report on the development of our proprietary high-frequency (HF) glow discharge deposition technology for nc-Si:H solar cells that has resulted in high-quality ...


The reformation of Cz Si photovoltaics

Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, 1994., Conference Record of the Twenty Fourth. IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1994, 1994 IEEE First World Conference on, 1994

New developments in all areas of Czochralski (Cz) silicon photovoltaic (PV) technology, from Si feedstock costs, to Cz crystal growth, to the introduction of wire saw technology, to novel cell designs and processing provide the basis for Cz Si achieving module costs in the $2/Wp range. This paper describes the re-formation of Cz manufacturing at Siemens Solar to achieve these ...


Ion-Implanted Laser-Annealed p<sup>&#x002B;</sup> and n<sup>&#x002B;</sup> Regions: A Potential Solution for Industrially Feasible High-Efficiency N-Type Interdigitated Back-Contact Solar Cells

Photovoltaics, IEEE Journal of, 2015

The main challenge for interdigitated back-contact (IBC) solar cells is to reduce the fabrication complexity, which consists of multiple high-temperature processing and patterning steps. Patterned ion implantation has been proposed to simplify the manufacture of IBC solar cells, and the annealing of boron and phosphorus implanted areas is still a problem for the application. In this study, a new method ...


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Educational Resources on Photovoltaics

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eLearning

Molecular photovoltaics and the photoactivation of mammalian cells

T. Kuritz; I. Lee; E. T. Owens; M. Humayun; E. Greenbaum IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience, 2005

Photosynthetic reaction centers are integral plant membrane protein complexes and molecular photovoltaic structures. We report here that addition of Photosystem I (PSI)-proteoliposomes to retinoblastoma cells imparts photosensitivity to these mammalian cells, as demonstrated by light-induced movement of calcium ions. Control experiments with liposomes lacking PSI demonstrated no photosensitivity. The data demonstrate that PSI, a nanoscale molecular photovoltaic structure extracted from ...


Optics of CdS/CdTe thin film photovoltaics

Robert W. Collins; Jie Chen; Jian Li; Michelle N. Sestak 2011 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2011

Optical probes based on multichannel spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) have been applied at all stages of the development of CdS/CdTe thin film photovoltaics (PV). Real time SE during materials fabrication has provided insights into nucleation, coalescence, and structural evolution of CdS and CdTe films. The deduced optical properties have provided insights into material density, strain, and defect density. The optical properties ...


Advanced solar cell and array technology for NASA deep space missions

Michael F. Piszczor; Scott W. Benson; David A. Scheiman; David B. Snyder; Homer J. Fincannon; Steven R. Oleson; Geoffrey A. Landis 2008 33rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2008

A recent study by the NASA Glenn Research Center assessed the feasibility of using photovoltaics (PV) to power spacecraft for outer planetary, deep space missions. While the majority of spacecraft have relied on photovoltaics for primary power, the drastic reduction in solar intensity as the spacecraft moves farther from the sun has either limited the power available (severely curtailing scientific ...


Improved flexible thin-film solar cells with nanoimprinted light management textures

K. Wilken; U. W. Paetzold; M. Meier; N. Prager; M. Fahland; F. Finger; V. Smirnov 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC), 2015

A nanoimprint based approach to achieve efficient light management for solar cells on low temperature transparent polymer (PET) films is presented. The imprint-textured PET substrates show excellent light scattering properties and lead to significantly improved incoupling and trapping of the light in the solar cell, resulting in a current density of 12.9 mA/cm2, similar to that on a glass substrate ...


Solar power forecasting of a residential location as part of a smart grid structure

C. S. Ioakimidis; H. Eliasstam; P. Rycerski 2012 IEEE Energytech, 2012

This paper presents the use of an artificial neural network for classification on a residence house that uses local air temperature and solar insulation predictions to identify patterns at the desired location, in order to obtain a stochastic distribution of the daily solar profile. This is a first step on the further creation of a short-term operation model that allows ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Silicon Photovoltaics: Accelerating to Grid Parity

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction The Case for PV Basic C-Si PV Cell and Cost Per Watt Trends The Evolution of C-Si Technology Market Implications of C-Si Roadmap Opportunities

  • Charged Quantum Dots for High-Efficiency Photovoltaics and IR Sensing

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction 3D Nanoscale Potential Profile in Q-BIC Structures Photoelectron Kinetics in Q-BIC Structures Q-BIC Solar cells and IR Detectors Conclusions

  • Front Matter

    **Presents the developments in microelectronic-related fields, with comprehensive insight from a number of leading industry professionals** The book presents the future developments and innovations in the developing field of microelectronics. The book's chapters contain contributions from various authors, all of whom are leading industry professionals affiliated either with top universities, major semiconductor companies, or government laboratories, discussing the evolution of their profession. A wide range of microelectronic-related fields are examined, including solid-state electronics, material science, optoelectronics, bioelectronics, and renewable energies. The topics covered range from fundamental physical principles, materials and device technologies, and major new market opportunities. * Describes the expansion of the field into hot topics such as energy (photovoltaics) and medicine (bio-nanotechnology) * Provides contributions from leadin industry professionals in semiconductor micro- and nano-electronics * Discusses the importance of micro- and nano-electronics in today's rapidly changing and expanding information society _Future Trends in Microelectronics: Journey into the Unknown_ is written for industry professionals and graduate students in engineering, physics, and nanotechnology.

  • Principles of Photovoltaic Energy Conversion

    This chapter contains sections titled: Materials and Solid State Mechanisms, Spectral Considerations, Efficiency

  • Economic Considerations in the Development of Photovoltaic Energy Conversion

    This chapter contains sections titled: Demand for Electricity, Supply, and Costs, Markets for Photovoltaic Energy Conversion

  • Photovoltaics Energy from Sand

    This chapter contains sections titled: Structure and Function Production of Solar Cells - from Sand to Cell Photovoltaic Systems - Networks and Islands Planning and Design Economics Ecology Photovoltaic Markets Outlook and Development Potential

  • Microgrid Control: Concepts and Classification

    The microgrids (MGs) as basic elements of future smart grids have an important role to increase the grid efficiency, reliability, and to satisfy the environmental issues. The MG is an interconnection of domestic distributed loads and low-voltage (LV) distributed energy sources, such as microturbines, wind turbines, photovoltaics (PV), and storage devices. In this chapter, in addition to the main MG concepts, a comprehensive review on various MG control loops and relevant standards are given with discussion on the challenges of MG controls. The required control loops in the MGs are classified into primary control, secondary control, global control, and central/emergency control classes. Local or internal controls appear in different forms depending on the type of microsources that can be addressed based on their technologies such as induction generators, synchronous generators, and power electronic inverters/converters.

  • Bibliography

    "The first 30 pages of theis typewritten book are generally useful as a timely, concise, well-documented statement of energy sources and expected energy usage in the U.S. to the year 2000. The rest of the book... deals with the use of solar energy through photovoltaic conversion. The principles of energy band structure of solids, the state of the art in photovoltaic conversion, economic considerations, and business opportunities are each discussed; extensive references and a bibliography are provided."-- AAAS Science Books & Films

  • Solar Energay as a Resource

    "The first 30 pages of theis typewritten book are generally useful as a timely, concise, well-documented statement of energy sources and expected energy usage in the U.S. to the year 2000. The rest of the book... deals with the use of solar energy through photovoltaic conversion. The principles of energy band structure of solids, the state of the art in photovoltaic conversion, economic considerations, and business opportunities are each discussed; extensive references and a bibliography are provided."-- AAAS Science Books & Films

  • Index

    **Presents the developments in microelectronic-related fields, with comprehensive insight from a number of leading industry professionals** The book presents the future developments and innovations in the developing field of microelectronics. The book's chapters contain contributions from various authors, all of whom are leading industry professionals affiliated either with top universities, major semiconductor companies, or government laboratories, discussing the evolution of their profession. A wide range of microelectronic-related fields are examined, including solid-state electronics, material science, optoelectronics, bioelectronics, and renewable energies. The topics covered range from fundamental physical principles, materials and device technologies, and major new market opportunities. * Describes the expansion of the field into hot topics such as energy (photovoltaics) and medicine (bio-nanotechnology) * Provides contributions from leadin industry professionals in semiconductor micro- and nano-electronics * Discusses the importance of micro- and nano-electronics in today's rapidly changing and expanding information society _Future Trends in Microelectronics: Journey into the Unknown_ is written for industry professionals and graduate students in engineering, physics, and nanotechnology.



Standards related to Photovoltaics

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IEEE Guide for Array and Battery Sizing in Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

This guide provides information to assist in sizing the array and battery of a stand-alone photovoltaic system. Systems considered in this guide consist of PV as the only power source and a battery for energy storage. These systems also commonly employ controls to protect the battery from being over- or undercharged, and may employ a power conversion subsystem (inverter or ...


IEEE Guide for Selection, Charging, Test and Evaluation of Lead-Acid Batteries Used in Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

This guide contains a tutorial on lead-acid battery technology, battery charging characteristics, and a laboratory test procedure to evaluate charge parameters and battery performance. The information on lead-acid battery designs and environmental characteristics is provided to help the PV system designer make appropriate battery decisions. PV system parameters and operating conditions are discussed. Charging parameters related to PV systems are ...


IEEE Guide for Test and Evaluation of Lead-Acid Batteries Used in Photovoltaic (PV) Hybrid Power Systems

This guide contains a field test procedure for lead-acid batteries used in PV hybrid power systems. Battery charging parameters are discussed with respect to PV hybrid power systems. The field test procedure is intended to verify the battery’s operating setpoints and battery performance. Discussion on how to interpret test results is also included. This guide is applicable to all PV ...


IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation and Maintenance of Lead-Acid Batteries for Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

This recommended practice provides design considerations and procedures for storage, location, mounting, ventilation, assembly, and maintenance of lead-acid secondary batteries for photovoltaic (PV) power systems. Safety precautions and instrumentation considerations are also included. While this document gives general recommended practices, battery manufacturers may provide specific instructions for battery installation and maintenance.


IEEE Recommended Practice for Sizing Lead-Acid Batteries for Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

This recommended practice describes a method for sizing both vented and valve-regulated lead-acid batteries in stand-alone PV systems. Installation, maintenance, safety, testing procedures, and consideration of battery types other than lead-acid are beyond the scope of this recommended practice. Sizing batteries for hybrid and grid-connected PV systems is beyond the scope of this recommended practice. Recommended practices for the remainder ...


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