Microscopy

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Microscopy is the technical field of using microscopes to view samples and objects that cannot be seen with the unaided eye (objects that are not within the resolution range of the normal eye). There are three well-known branches of microscopy, optical, electron, and scanning probe microscopy. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Microscopy

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2019 20th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems & Eurosensors XXXIII (TRANSDUCERS & EUROSENSORS XXXIII)

The world's premiere conference in MEMS sensors, actuators and integrated micro and nano systems welcomes you to attend this four-day event showcasing major technological, scientific and commercial breakthroughs in mechanical, optical, chemical and biological devices and systems using micro and nanotechnology.The major areas of activity in the development of Transducers solicited and expected at this conference include but are not limited to: Bio, Medical, Chemical, and Micro Total Analysis Systems Fabrication and Packaging Mechanical and Physical Sensors Materials and Characterization Design, Simulation and Theory Actuators Optical MEMS RF MEMS Nanotechnology Energy and Power


2018 14th IEEE International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

Process & Device Technologies1. Channel Engineering2. High-k/Metal gate Technology3. Advanced Source/Drain Technology4. Interconnect Technology5. Advanced 3D Integration6. Novel Process Technologies7. Ultra-Thin Body Transistors and Device Variability8. Advanced High-k Metal Gate SoC and High Performance CMOS Platforms 9. CMOS Performance Enhancing and Novel Devices 10. Advanced FinFETs and Nanowire FETs11. CNT, MTJ Devices and Nanowire Photodiodes12. Low- Power and Steep Slope Switching Devices13. Graphene Devices14. Advanced Technologies for Ge MOSFETs15. Organic semiconductor devices and technologies16. Compound semiconductor devices and Technology 17. Ultra High Speed Transistors, HEMT/HBT etc. 18. Advanced Power Devices and Reliability19. Flash Memory20. IT Magnetic RAM21. Resistive RAM

  • 2016 13th IEEE International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

    Process & Device Technologies1. Channel Engineering2. High-k/Metal gate Technology3. Advanced Source/Drain Technology4. Interconnect Technology5. Advanced 3D Integration6. Novel Process Technologies7. Ultra-Thin Body Transistors and Device Variability8. Advanced High-k Metal Gate SoC and High Performance CMOS Platforms 9. CMOS Performance Enhancing and Novel Devices 10. Advanced FinFETs and Nanowire FETs11. CNT, MTJ Devices and Nanowire Photodiodes12. Low- Power and Steep Slope Switching Devices13. Graphene Devices14. Advanced Technologies for Ge MOSFETs15. Organic semiconductor devices and technologies16. Compound semiconductor devices and Technology 17. Ultra High Speed Transistors, HEMT/HBT etc. 18. Advanced Power Devices and Reliability19. Flash Memory20. IT Magnetic RAM21. Resistive RAMs22. Phase Change Memory23. 3-Dimensional Memory24. MEMS Technology25. Thin Film Transistors26. Biosensors27. PV and Energy Harvesting28. Front End of Line (FEOL) R

  • 2014 IEEE 12th International Conference on Solid -State and Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

    Process & Device Technologies1. Channel Engineering2. High-k/Metal gate Technology3. Advanced Source/Drain Technology4. Interconnect Technology5. Advanced 3D Integration6. Novel Process Technologies7. Ultra-Thin Body Transistors and Device Variability8. Advanced High-k Metal Gate SoC and High Performance CMOS Platforms 9. CMOS Performance Enhancing and Novel Devices 10. Advanced FinFETs and Nanowire FETs11. CNT, MTJ Devices and Nanowire Photodiodes12. Low- Power and Steep Slope Switching Devices13. Graphene Devices14. Advanced Technologies for Ge MOSFETs15. Organic semiconductor devices and technologies16. Compound semiconductor devices and Technology 17. Ultra High Speed Transistors, HEMT/HBT etc. 18. Advanced Power Devices and Reliability19. Flash Memory20. IT Magnetic RAM21. Resistive RAMs22. Phase Change Memory23. 3-Dimensional Memory24. MEMS Technology25. Thin Film Transistors26. Biosensors27. PV and Energy Harvesting28. Front End of Line (FEOL) R

  • 2012 IEEE 11th International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

    Silicon IC, Silicon/germanium devices , Interconnect , Low K and High Kdielectric , Advance Memories , nano -electronics, Organic and Compound semiconductor devices ,sensors and MEMS, Semiconductor material erization, Reliability , Modeling and simulation,Packaging and testing , Digital, Analog, Mixed Signal IC and SOC design technology,Low -power, RF devices & circuits, ICCAD

  • 2010 IEEE 10th International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

    Silicon IC, Silicon/germanium devices , Interconnect , Low K and High K dielectric , Advance Memories , nano-electronics, Organic and Compound semiconductor devices , sensors and MEMS, Semiconductor material characterization, Reliability , Modeling and simulation, Packaging and testing , Digital, Analog, Mixed Signal IC and SOC design technology,Low-power, RF devices & circuits, IC CAD .

  • 2008 9th International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated-Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

  • 2006 8th International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated-Circuit Technology (ICSICT)

  • 2004 7th International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated-Circuit Technology (ICSICT)


2018 15th International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC)

1. Advanced Motion Control2. Haptics, Robotics and Human-Machine Systems3. Micro/Nano Motion Control Systems4. Intelligent Motion Control Systems5. Nonlinear, Adaptive and Robust Control Systems6. Motion Systems for Robot Intelligence and Humanoid Robotics7. CPG based Feedback Control, Morphological Control8. Actuators and Sensors in Motion System9. Motion Control of Aerial/Ground/Underwater Robots10. Advanced Dynamics and Motion Control11. Motion Control for Assistive and Rehabilitative Robots and Systems12. Intelligent and Advanced Traffic Controls13. Computer Vision in Motion Control14. Network and Communication Technologies in Motion Control15. Motion Control of Soft Robots16. Automation Technologies in Primary Industries17. Other Topics and Applications Involving Motion Dynamics and Control


2018 18th International Workshop on Junction Technology (IWJT)

IWJT is an open forum focused on the needs and interest of the community of a junction formation technology in semiconductors.


2018 25th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP)

The International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), sponsored by the IEEE Signal Processing Society, is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances and research results in the fields of theoretical, experimental, and applied image and video processing. ICIP 2018, the 25th in the series that has been held annually since 1994, brings together leading engineers and scientists in image and video processing from around the world.


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Periodicals related to Microscopy

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in

The IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering will review the state-of-the-art and trends in the emerging field of biomedical engineering. This includes scholarly works, ranging from historic and modern development in biomedical engineering to the life sciences and medicine enabled by technologies covered by the various IEEE societies.


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


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Most published Xplore authors for Microscopy

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Xplore Articles related to Microscopy

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A New Technique in Scanning Near Field Optical Microscopy Used for Investigations on the Biological Samples

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'G.A. Stanciu'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'D. E. Tranca'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'R. Hristu'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'S. G. Stanciu'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Microbiology Immunology Department, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania', u'full_name': u'A. M. Holban'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'A. Toma'}, {u'author_order': 7, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'C. Stoichita'}] 2018 20th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2018

We present a new technique based on apertureless near field microscopy using a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser that is used for the investigations on biological samples. This technique is integrated in a multimodal microscopy system. The beam of a Ti:sapphire laser is focused by using the objective of an inverted microscope on the surface sample. Electric field of the laser beam ...


Fractal analysis correlation of the images from scanning laser microscopy techniques and atomic force microscopy

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'Antonela Toma'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'Denis E. Tranca'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malta, MSD 2080 MSIDA, Malta', u'full_name': u'Charles V. Sammut'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'George A. Stanciu'}] 2017 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2017

The laser scanning laser microscopy techniques and atomic force microscopy give complementary information at micro- and nano-scales regarding the surface samples. By using a multimodal microscopy system, having more optical techniques based on far field and near field and an atomic force microscope the same area of the investigated samples. The system is able to acquire the optical images having ...


Nanoscale imaging by using label free microscopy techniques

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'George A. Stanciu'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'Denis E. Tranca'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'Stefan G. Stanciu'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'Catalin Stoichita'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'Radu Hristu'}] 2017 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2017

The objective of our work is connected with label free investigations at nanoscale by using a new multimodal microscopy system by using near field label free techniques. The system includes the techniques with hundred nanometers resolution and with few nanometers resolution, being able to image simultaneously the same sample area giving complementary information. Our system includes also an atomic force ...


Hydroxyapatite surface charge investigated by scanning probe microscopy

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanlysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Bucharest, Romania', u'full_name': u'Radu Hristu'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Materials and Surface Science Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland', u'full_name': u'Syed A. M. Tofail'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanlysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Bucharest, Romania', u'full_name': u'Stefan G. Stanciu'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanlysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Bucharest, Romania', u'full_name': u'Denis E. Tranca'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanlysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Bucharest, Romania', u'full_name': u'George A. Stanciu'}] 2014 16th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014

It is well known that electrical properties such as local electrostatic charge distribution at biomaterial surface plays a significant role in biological interactions. The methods currently employed in measuring surface charge in biomaterials such as zeta potential or potentiostatic titration, however, can only measure global charge distribution in macroscopic and colloidal state of biomaterials. By using scanning probe microscopy techniques ...


Investigations at nanoscale by using fluorescence in apertureless scanning near field microscopy

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'George A. Stanciu'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'Denis E. Tranca'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'Radu Hristu'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'Catalin Stoichita'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Center for Microscopy-Microanalysis and Information Processing, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042, Romania', u'full_name': u'Stefan G. Stanciu'}] 2013 15th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2013

Fluorescence apertureless near-field optical microscopy (FASNOM) gained interest from researchers in the last years because of its promising capabilities: sub-wavelength resolution and ability to exploit the chemical sensitivity of fluorescent tags. FASNOM exploits the fact that metallic structures in close proximity of a fluorophore or a photoluminescent sample have complex effects on fluorescence, inducing changes in both fluorescence lifetime and ...


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Educational Resources on Microscopy

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Programmable Microscopy

    Programmable microscopy is a technique where different microscopic imaging methods are realized by changing the illumination or the filtering before the images are captured. To this end, typically spatial light modulators are employed. Examples of imaging methods include Zernike's phase contrast, dark field imaging, differential interference contrast, aberration correction, depth scanning microscopy, and stereo microscopy. By means of the light modulator, the imaging can be adapter to the specimen under test. After recording of multiple images which have been obtained using different imaging methods or parameter settings the individual images are digitally combined by postprocessing.

  • Digital Holographic Microscopy: A New Imaging Technique to Quantitatively Explore Cell Dynamics with Nanometer Sensitivity

    In the first part of this chapter, we describe how the new concept of digital optics applied to the field of holographic microscopy has made it possible to quantitatively and accurately measure the phase retardation induced on the transmitted wavefront by the observed transparent specimen, allowing thus to develop a reliable and flexible digital holographic quantitative phase microscopy (DH-QPM). In the second part the most relevant DH-QPM applications in the field of cell biology are presented. Particularly, applications taking directly advantage of benefits provided by digital optics particularly off-line autofocusing and extended depth of focus, are outlined. Otherwise, special emphasis is placed on how important biophysical cell parameters including absolute cell volume, dry mass, protein content, transmembrane water movements, cell membrane fluctuations etc. can be derived from the quantitative phase signal (QPS) and used to characterize cell dynamics, analyze specific biological mechanisms and discriminate between physiological and pathophysiological states. In the last part, we present how transmembrane water movement measurements can be used to resolve neuronal network activity.

  • Advanced Digital Holographic Microscopy for Life Science Applications

    For the last decade Digital Holographic Microscopy (DHM) demonstrated his huge capabilities in many applications. In particular, it provides the refocusing of objects recorded out of focus and the quantitative phase contrast imaging. We implemented several types of DHM using optical sources of reduced coherence that largely improve the image quality by removing the coherent artifact noise. Different microscope implementations are described up to a color version with LED illumination allowing to record color holograms in snap shot mode. With respect to classical microscopy, DHM provides an enlarged amount of information on the sample under test that can be exploited to implement powerful processing as automated 3D detection and automated holographic classification. The developed automated processes have been applied to life sciences applications, as the water monitoring for environmental analysis and the dynamical behavior of red blood cells.

  • Transcription and Electron Microscopy

    This chapter contains sections titled: Roger Kornberg, Nucleosome, and Polymerase, Electron Microscope, Phillip A. Sharp and RNA Splicing, 1977

  • Characterization of Smart Materials

    This chapter presents various characterization procedures for smart materials for microwave and millimeter‐wave sensing. The X‐ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy (RS), secondary ion mass spectrometer (SIMS), spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Fourier‐transform infrared reflection (FTIR) techniques are used for structural characterization of smart materials. This structural characterization of smart materials is required for material identification, verification, and to understand the definitive structural information in order to develop various smart materials for microwave sensing. The SE, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques are used for surface characterization of smart materials. These surface characterizations are used to understand the topographic information in order to develop various smart materials for microwave sensing. The ultraviolet‐visible (UV‐Vis) provides information about the transmittance, reflection, absorption coefficient, band gap, and so on in thin films. The electrical conductivity measurement is used for a dielectric/ semiconductor material for microwave sensing.

  • Resolution of Computational Imaging

    This chapter discusses the resolution of an image that is obtained by solving inverse scattering problems, rather than to provide a comprehensive review of super‐resolution imaging theories and schemes. It explains the resolution of a traditional optical microscopy, which is a kind of instrumental imaging. The chapter introduces computational imaging, where images are generated by numerical reconstruction. Both the inverse source problem and inverse scattering problem are discussed. The chapter describes the Cramer‐Rao bound (CRB), which quantifies a lower bound on the variance of any unbiased estimator. The accuracy of computational imaging is quantified by the CRB. The chapter presents the resolution of image obtained by the Born Approximation (BA) that is applicable to weak scatterers. The analytical tool for the BA‐based imaging provides a deep insight into the resolution of computational imaging. The chapter illustrates the diffraction‐limited resolution, that is, half wavelength as a rule of thumb.

  • Computational Methods in CryoElectron Microscopy 3D Structure Reconstruction

    This chapter addresses the three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction algorithm and its multilevel parallel strategy on GPU platform. It present an adaptive simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (ASART) for incomplete data and noisy conditions. Specifically, the authors develop three key techniques- modified multilevel access scheme (MMAS), adaptive adjustment of relaxation (AAR) parameters, and column sum substitution (CSS) technique, to improve the reconstruction quality and speed of the reconstruction process. The chapter reviews iterative 3D reconstruction methods for electron cryotomography (ET). It focuses on the ASART algorithm. The chapter presents a multilevel parallel strategy for iterative reconstruction algorithm. It shows and analyzes the experimental results. In the chapter, the authors present a multilevel parallel strategy for blob-based iterative reconstruction and implement it on the OpenMP-CUDA architecture.

  • Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Overview * Tunneling Theory * Surface Structure * Atomic Force Microscopy * Ballistic Electron Emission Microscopy * Atomic Positioning * Summary

  • Microbiological Image Analysis Using Self-Organization

    This chapter considers the potential and flexibility of self-organizing tree map (SOTM) based and self-organizing hierarchical variance map (SOHVM) based learning for tasks in microbiological image analysis. As a demonstration of the SOHVM's ability to mine topological information from an input space, the chapter describes with an example for how such information can be used to simplify the task of visualizing a large three-dimensional (3D) stack of phase-contrast acquired plant chromosomes imaged during an advanced state of mitosis (cell division). The chapter considers two types of microbiological image data in order to demonstrate the potential for the proposed algorithm to achieve unsupervised, fully automatic segmentations. It shows examples of utilizing this automated property of the SOHVM to seek more natural segmentations of gray-level and higher order, multidimensional feature descriptions, with examples for the clustering of texture information and Local gray-level-based statistics.

  • Introduction

    A point‐of‐care (POC) biomedical instrument is meant to perform the diagnosis at the site of patient care by a clinician or by the patient without the need for clinical laboratory facilities. This chapter discusses three of the most widely‐used traditional biomedical diagnosis instruments, namely the high‐resolution optical microscope, flow cytometer, and DNA sequencer. For bio‐instrument miniaturization towards personalized diagnosis, effective solutions can only be derived from technologies that can resolve the scaling. One proved technology from the semiconductor industry is based on the complimentary metal‐oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process. The chapter highlights the need to develop CMOS‐based Lab‐on‐a‐Chip (LOC) integrated systems that integrate microfluidics, micro‐electro‐mechanical systems (MEMS), and CMOS sensors, as well as smart data analysis for biomedical diagnosis. The introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book.



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